Cleveland Hopkins International Airport

Last updated

Cleveland Hopkins International Airport
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport.svg
Cleveland Hopkins International Airport Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Cleveland
OperatorCleveland Airport System
Serves Cleveland
Location Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
Focus city for Frontier Airlines
Coordinates 41°24′42″N081°50′59″W / 41.41167°N 81.84972°W / 41.41167; -81.84972 Coordinates: 41°24′42″N081°50′59″W / 41.41167°N 81.84972°W / 41.41167; -81.84972
Website www.clevelandairport.com
Maps
KCLE Airport Diagram.svg
FAA airport diagram
USA Ohio relief location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
CLE
Location of airport in Ohio
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Airplane silhouette.svg
CLE
CLE (the United States)
Runways
Direction LengthSurface
ftm
6L/24R9,0002,743Concrete
6R/24L9,9533,034Concrete
10/286,0181,834Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2020)
Aircraft operations119,268
Total passengers4,122,517 Decrease2.svg-58.89% [1]
Source: FAA [2] and CLE airport. [3]

Cleveland Hopkins International Airport( IATA : CLE, ICAO : KCLE, FAA LID : CLE) is an international airport located in Cleveland, Ohio, 9 miles (14 km) southwest of the downtown area and adjacent to the Glenn Research Center, one of NASA's ten major field centers. [2] It is the primary airport serving Greater Cleveland and Northeast Ohio, the largest and busiest airport in Ohio, and the 43rd busiest airport in the United States by passenger numbers.

Contents

Cleveland Hopkins offers non-stop passenger service to 54 destinations with 174 average daily departures. Cleveland Hopkins is operated by the Cleveland Department of Port Control, which also includes Burke Lakefront Airport located downtown. In 2018, Airports Council International ranked Cleveland Hopkins the most improved North American airport in the 2017 Airport Service Quality Survey. [4]

History

Cleveland Hopkins is of particular importance to the history of commercial air travel due to a number of first-in-the-world innovations that would eventually become the global standard. Founded in 1925, it was one of the first municipality-owned facility of its kind in the United States. [5] It was the site of the first air traffic control tower [ citation needed ], the first ground-to-air radio control system[ citation needed ], and the first airfield lighting system [ citation needed ], all in 1930; and it was the first U.S. airport to be directly connected to a local or regional rail transit system, in 1968. [6] It was also the first airport to employ a two-level terminal design separating arrivals from departures. The airport was named after its founder, former city manager William R. Hopkins, on his 82nd birthday in 1951.

First closure of United hub and establishment of Continental hub

United Airlines established its easternmost domestic hub in Cleveland after World War II, which it maintained until the mid-1980s, when it closed its Cleveland hub and moved capacity to a new hub at Washington–Dulles. Following the closure of the United hub, Continental Airlines (which at the time was a separate carrier and lacked a Midwest hub) responded by adding capacity to Cleveland, as did USAir, which was the dominant carrier at the airport from 1987 until the early 1990s. [7] While USAir soon reduced its schedule from Cleveland, Continental substantially increased its hub capacity, becoming the airport's largest tenant and eventually accounting for upwards of 60 percent of passenger traffic. Continental and the airport both made substantial operational and capital investments in the airport's infrastructure. In 1992, the airport completed a $50 million renovation of Concourse C, which housed all of Continental's flights. The renovation included the installation of a continuous skylight, a Continental President's Club lounge, and a new Baggage Claim area. [8] In 1999, the airport completed an $80 million expansion that included the construction of the new Concourse D (now closed), which was built to accommodate Continental Express and Continental Connection flights.

Continental Airlines launched daily seasonal flights to London's Gatwick Airport in June 1999, Cleveland's first transatlantic service. [9] [10] The airline also flew to Paris in summer 2008 but terminated the route due to economic concerns. The following year, Continental stated that the London connection, which by then had switched to Heathrow Airport, would not return in 2010. The carrier pointed to the recession and an inability to obtain affordable seasonal slots at Heathrow as reasons behind its decision. At the same time, an article in The Plain Dealer suggested additional factors were at play, such as the notion that rising collaboration between Continental and United Airlines meant passengers could transit through the latter's Chicago hub instead. The departure of the last Boeing 757 for London left the Ohio city without a direct link to Europe for the next several years. [11]

Continental–United merger and second closure of United hub

In 2010, Continental and United Airlines announced that they would merge operations. [12] The merger prompted concerns that a post-merger United would reduce or close its hub in Cleveland and instead route passengers through the new United's nearby hubs at O'Hare Airport in Chicago and Dulles Airport in Washington. [13] [14] On November 10, 2010, Continental CEO Jeff Smisek stated in a speech in Cleveland that "Cleveland needs to earn its hub status every day" and added that overall profitability would be the determining factor in whether the new United kept or closed the Cleveland hub. [15]

United continued to reduce its capacity in Cleveland following the merger, which already had been substantially reduced in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis. [16] On February 1, 2014, United announced that the airline would shut down its Cleveland hub, stating as justification that the airline's hub at Cleveland "hasn't been profitable for over a decade." [17] By June 5, 2014, United Airlines effectively terminated its hub operation at the airport, reducing its daily departures by more than 60%. [18] United also closed Concourse D and consolidated all of its remaining operations in Concourse C, although it is required to continue to pay the airport $1,112,482 a month in rent for the facility until 2027. [19]

Post-hub history

The airport initially experienced a sharp decline in passenger counts following the closure of United's hub in 2014. Several other airlines, however, increased their service to Cleveland in subsequent years. Frontier Airlines significantly increased its service to the airport and declared Cleveland a focus city. [20] Other low-cost airlines such as Spirit Airlines and Allegiant Air began new service to the airport as well, and existing airlines such as American, Delta, and Southwest also increased their number of daily flights and destinations. As a result, by 2017 the airport's passenger count exceeded levels achieved during the last full year that United maintained a hub in Cleveland.

Despite the closure of its hub, as of 2017 United still maintained roughly 1,200 employees in Greater Cleveland, including a flight attendant and pilot base as well as maintenance facilities. [21] United also remains the largest carrier at Hopkins, serving 17 destinations with close to 60 peak day departures. Regional airline CommutAir, which flies exclusively on behalf of United Express, is headquartered in nearby North Olmsted. [22]

Icelandair and WOW air reconnected Cleveland with Europe in May 2018, inaugurating flights to Reykjavik. Nevertheless, both airlines had left Northeast Ohio by 2019. WOW air had been suffering financially, while Icelandair faced the grounding of the aircraft it operated to Cleveland and potentially the low profitability of the service. [23] [24]

Facilities

Satellite view of the airport. Cleveland Hopkins International Airport recent satellite view.png
Satellite view of the airport.
Hopkins airport is known
for its fanciful giant "paper" airplane sculptures located in the underground walkway between Concourses C and D (now closed to the public) Cleveland-airport-plane-sculptures.jpg
Hopkins airport is known for its fanciful giant "paper" airplane sculptures located in the underground walkway between Concourses C and D (now closed to the public)
Cleveland RTA at the airport station Cleveland August 2015 03 (Cleveland Hopkins International Airport Station).jpg
Cleveland RTA at the airport station

Terminal

Cleveland Hopkins consists of one two-level passenger terminal, which was completed in 1978, and renovated in 2016. There are four concourses, three of which are currently in use.

Gates A1, A3, A7, A9,& A11 are used by Allegiant Air. Gates A2, A7, and occasionally A6 are used by Spirit. Gates A8, A10, & A12 are used by Frontier. Gate A14 is the international arrivals gate. Gates A4 & A5 are rarely used.

Gates B2, B3, B4, B5, & B6 are used by Delta. Gates B7, B8, B9, B10, & B11 are used by Southwest. Gate B1 is a stairwell and is not in use.

Gates C2, C3, C4, C5, C7, C8, C9, C10, C11, & C14 are used by American. American's primary gates are C3, C5, C7, C9, & C11. However, for overflow and from time to time they will use C4, C8, C10, & C14. Gates C4 & C6 are used by JetBlue. Gates C17, C18, C19, C21, C22, C23, C24, C25, C26, C27, & C29 are used by United. Gate C20 is used by Air Canada. Gates C16 & C28 aren't in use.

Runways

Cleveland Hopkins covers an area of 1,717 acres (695 ha) and has three runways: [2]

Other facilities

Cleveland Hopkins is home to both crew and maintenance bases for United Airlines. [27]

The airport is also home to one of five kitchens operated by airline catering company Chelsea Food Services, a subsidiary of United Airlines.

Cleveland Airmall, a unit of Fraport USA, manages the retail and dining locations at the airport. Tenants include Johnston & Murphy, Great Lakes Brewing Company, Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Museum Store, Bar Symon, and Sunglass Hut. [28]

The airport has two lounges: a United Club in Concourse C and an Airspace Lounge near the entrance to Concourse B in the Main Terminal.

Ground transportation

The airport is connected to the Cleveland Rapid Transit system with the Red Line Rapid Transit station beneath the terminal. The airport has a dedicated taxi service of 110 vehicles. [29]

Rental car operations are located at a consolidated rental car facility off the airport property. Shuttle services are provided between the airport and the facility.

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson (resumes August 1, 2021) [30]
Allegiant Air Punta Gorda (FL), Sarasota, Savannah, St. Petersburg/Clearwater
Seasonal: Charleston (SC), Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Jacksonville (FL), Myrtle Beach, Nashville, Norfolk, Orlando/Sanford
[31]
American Airlines Charlotte, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami
Seasonal: Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor
[32]
American Eagle Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Miami, New York–JFK (resumes October 31, 2021), New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National
Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth
[32]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Detroit, Salt Lake City (resumes December 18, 2021)
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul
[33]
Delta Connection Boston, Detroit, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia [33]
Frontier Airlines Cancún, Denver, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Miami, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Sarasota, Tampa
Seasonal: Atlanta, Charleston (SC), Raleigh/Durham
[34]
JetBlue Boston, Fort Lauderdale
Seasonal: Fort Myers [ citation needed ][ failed verification ]
[35]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Denver, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Nashville, Orlando, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, St. Louis, Tampa
Seasonal: Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Hobby, Sarasota
[36]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Cancún, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Miami (begins November 17, 2021), [37] New Orleans, Orlando, Tampa
Seasonal: Dallas/Fort Worth, Myrtle Beach
[38]
United Airlines Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Houston–Intercontinental, Los Angeles, Newark, Orlando, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Tampa
[39]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Charleston (SC), Denver, Fort Lauderdale (begins July 1, 2021), Hilton Head, Myrtle Beach, Pensacola, Portland (ME), Tampa
[39]

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Castle Aviation Akron/Canton, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Hamilton
FedEx Express Columbus–Rickenbacker, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Newark
Seasonal: Buffalo, Flint, Rochester
FedEx Feeder Erie
UPS Airlines Chicago/Rockford, Greensboro, Louisville
Seasonal: Boston, Columbus–Rickenbacker, Hartford, Peoria, Philadelphia, Ontario, CA
Western Global Airlines Louisville

Statistics

Airline market share

Largest Airlines at CLE
(February 2020 - January 2021)
[40]
RankCarrierPercentagePassengers
1 Frontier Airlines 16.99%607,000
2 Spirit Airlines 15.89%568,000
3 Southwest Airlines 14.11%504,000
4 United Airlines 13.97%499,000
5 American Airlines 7.57%271,000
-Other31.47%1,125,000

* - Includes flights operated by American Eagle and United Express partner airlines. Those numbers are not a part of mainline operation numbers.

Top destinations

Busiest domestic routes from CLE (March 2020 - February 2021) [40]
RankCityPassengersCarriers
1 Flag of Florida.svg Orlando, Florida 157,000Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
2 Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg Atlanta, Georgia 147,000Delta, Southwest, Spirit
3 Flag of Colorado.svg Denver, Colorado 118,000Frontier, Southwest, United
4 Flag of North Carolina.svg Charlotte, North Carolina 101,000American
5 Flag of Illinois.svg Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois 100,000American, United
6 Flag of Florida.svg Fort Myers, Florida 90,000Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, United
7 Flag of Texas.svg Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 86,000American, Spirit
8 Flag of Florida.svg Tampa, Florida 80,000Frontier, Southwest, Spirit, United
9 Flag of Nevada.svg Las Vegas, Nevada 78,000Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
10 Flag of Florida.svg Fort Lauderdale, Florida 78,000Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, United

Annual passenger traffic

Annual passenger traffic at CLE
1999–Present
[41]
YearPassengersYearPassengersYearPassengers
199913,020,28520099,715,604201910,040,817
200013,288,05920109,492,45520204,122,517
200111,864,41120119,176,82420211,111,007 (YTD)
200210,795,27020129,004,9832022
200310,555,38720139,072,1262023
200411,264,93720147,609,4042024
200511,463,39120158,100,0732025
200611,321,05020168,422,6762026
200711,459,39020179,140,4452027
200811,106,19620189,642,7292028

Accidents and incidents

Controversies

Ground Transportation Center

In May 2015, the airport moved the pick-up and drop off location for most shuttles to the former limo lot, requiring most passengers to take two escalators underneath the former shuttle parking in the arrivals lane at the airport. Originally meant to be a temporary fix, the airport made the Ground Transportation Center a permanent fixture in May 2017. This angered many travelers, who complained on various social media platforms, as well as local media outlets, garnering negative publicity for the airport's plans. [49] In March 2019, the pick ups and drop offs location for most of the shuttles (except for limo shuttles) have moved to the north end of the baggage claim level.

Parking

In May 2013, the airport demolished its aging, 2,600-space Long Term Garage, replacing it with a 1,000 space surface lot for $24M. [50] This in turn created a parking shortage, and daily lot closings when parking lots would become full. The airport's Twitter account became a daily update of parking closures at the airport. The airport converted the Short Term Garage to a so-called Smart Garage, and valet parking garage. The airport eliminated its free half-hour courtesy parking perk, and began to charge $3 for a half-hour. [51]

See also

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References

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Sources

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/ .