This article includes a list of general references, but it remains largely unverified because it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations . (March 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Capital district and departments of Colombia|
Distrito Capital y los Departamentos de Colombia (Spanish)
|Location||Republic of Colombia|
1 Capital District
|Populations||(Departments only):40,797 (Vaupés) – 6,407,102 (Antioquia)|
|Areas||(Departments only):50 km2 (19.3 sq mi) (San Andrés) – 109,665.0 km2 (42,341.89 sq mi) (Amazonas)|
|Government||Department government, National government|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
Colombia is a unitary republic made up of thirty-two departments (Spanish: departamentos, sing. departamento ) and a Capital District ( Distrito Capital ).Each department has a governor (gobernador) and a Department Assembly (Asamblea Departamental), elected by popular vote for a four-year period. The governor cannot be re-elected in consecutive periods. Departments are country subdivisions and are granted a certain degree of autonomy.
Departments are formed by a grouping of municipalities (municipios, sing. municipio ). Municipal government is headed by mayor (alcalde) and administered by a municipal council (concejo municipal), both of which are elected for four-year periods.
Some departments have subdivisions above the level of municipalities, commonly known as provinces.
Each one of the departments of Colombia in the map below links to a corresponding article. Current governors serving four-year terms from 2015 to 2019 are also shown, along with their respective political party or coalition.
|00||Capital District||Claudia López Hernández||Green||Bogotá||1,587||7,412,566||1538|
|01||Amazonas||Jesús Galindo Cedeño||Coalición 'Juntos por el Amazonas'||Leticia||109,665||76,589||1991|
|02||Antioquia||Aníbal Gaviria||Coalición 'Es el Momento de Antioquia'||Medellín||63,612||6,407,102||1826|
|03||Arauca||José Facundo Castillo||Coalición 'Unidos por Arauca'||Arauca||23,818||262,174||1991|
|04||Atlántico||Elsa Noguera||Coalición 'La Clave es la Gente'||Barranquilla||3,388||2,535,517||1910|
|05||Bolívar||Vicente Antonio Blel||Conservative||Cartagena||25,978||2,070,110||1857|
|06||Boyacá||Ramiro Barragán Adame||Green||Tunja||23,189||1,217,376||1539|
|07||Caldas||Luis Carlos Velásquez||Coalición 'Unidos por Caldas'||Manizales||7,888||998,255||1905|
|08||Caquetá||Arnulfo Gasca Trujillo||Conservative||Florencia||88,965||401,849||1982|
|09||Casanare||Salomón Andrés Sanabria||CD||Yopal||44,640||420,504||1991|
|10||Cauca||Elías Larrahondo Carabalí||Coalición 'Porque Sí es Posible'||Popayán||29,308||1,464,488||1857|
|11||Cesar||Luis Alberto Monsalvo Gnecco||Coalición 'Alianza por el Cesar'||Valledupar||22,905||1,200,574||1967|
|12||Chocó||Ariel Palacios Calderón||Coalición 'Generando Confianza por un Mejor Chocó'||Quibdó||46,530||534,826||1947|
|13||Córdoba||Orlando David Benítez||Liberal||Montería||25,020||1,784,783||1952|
|14||Cundinamarca||Nicolás García Bustos||Coalición 'Gran Cundinamarca'||Bogotá||24,210||2,919,060||1857|
|15||Guainía||Juan Carlos Iral Gómez||De La U||Inirida||72,238||48,114||1963|
|16||Guaviare||Heydeer Yovanny Palacio||CR||San José del Guaviare||53,460||82,767||1991|
|17||Huila||Luis Enrique Dussán||Coalición 'Huila Crece'||Neiva||19,890||1,100,386||1905|
|18||La Guajira||Nemesio Roys Garzón||Coalición 'Un Cambio por La Guajira'||Riohacha||20,848||880,560||1965|
|19||Magdalena||Carlos Caicedo||G.S.C. Fuerza Ciudadana - Magdalena||Santa Marta||23,188||1,341,746||1824|
|20||Meta||Juan Guillermo Zuluaga||De La U||Villavicencio||85,635||1,039,722||1960|
|21||Nariño||Jhon Alexander Rojas||Coalición 'Mi Nariño'||Pasto||33,268||1,630,592||1904|
|22||Norte de Santander||Silvano Serrano Guerrero||Conservative||Cúcuta||21,658||1,491,689||1910|
|23||Putumayo||Buanerges Rosero||Coalición 'Así es el Putumayo, Tierra de Paz'||Mocoa||24,885||348,182||1991|
|24||Quindío||Roberto Jairo Jaramillo||Liberal||Armenia||1,845||539,904||1966|
|25||Risaralda||Sigifredo Salazar Osorio||Conservative||Pereira||4,140||943,401||1966|
|26||San Andrés y Providencia||Everth Julio Hawkins||Coalición 'Todos por un Nuevo Comienzo'||San Andrés||52||61,280||1991|
|27||Santander||Mauricio Aguilar||Coalición 'Siempre Santander'||Bucaramanga||30,537||2,184,837||1857|
|28||Sucre||Héctor Olimpo Espinosa||Liberal||Sincelejo||10,917||904,863||1966|
|29||Tolima||José Ricardo Orozco||Conservative||Ibagué||23,562||1,330,187||1886|
|30||Valle del Cauca||Clara Luz Roldán||Coalición 'Todos por el Valle del Cauca'||Cali||22,140||4,475,886||1910|
|32||Vichada||Álvaro Arley León||Coalición 'Álvaro León Sabe Como Es'||Puerto Carreño||100,242||107,808||1991|
The indigenous territories are at the third level of administrative division in Colombia, as are the municipalities. Indigenous territories are created by agreement between the government and indigenous communities. In cases where indigenous territories cover more than one department or municipality, local governments jointly administer them with the indigenous councils, as set out in Articles 329 and 330 of the Colombian Constitution of 1991. Also indigenous territories may achieve local autonomy if they meet the requirements of the law.
Article 329 of the 1991 constitution recognizes the collective indigenous ownership of indigenous territories and repeats that are inalienable. Law 160 of 1994 created the National System of Agrarian Reform and Rural Development Campesino, and replaced Law 135 of 1961 on Agrarian Social Reform; it establishes and sets out the functions of INCORA, one of the most important being to declare which territories will acquire the status of indigenous protection and what extension of existing ones will be allowed. Decree 2164 of 1995 interprets Law 160 of 1994, providing, among other things, a legal definition of indigenous territories.
Indigenous territories in Colombia are mostly in the departments of Amazonas, Cauca, La Guajira, Guaviare, and Vaupés.
When it was first established in 1819, República de la Gran Colombia had three departments. Venezuela, Cundinamarca (now Colombia) and Quito (now Ecuador).In 1824, the Distrito del Centro (which became Colombia) was divided into five departments and further divided into seventeen provinces. One department, Istmo Department, consisting of two provinces, later became Panama.
With the dissolution of Gran Colombia in 1826 by the Revolution of the Morrocoyes (La Cosiata), New Granada kept its 17 provinces. In 1832 the provinces of Vélez and Barbacoas were created, and in 1835 those of Buenaventura and Pasto were added. In 1843 those of Cauca, Mompós and Túquerres were created. At this time the cantons (cantones) and parish districts were created, which provided the basis for the present-day municipalities.
By 1853 the number of provinces had increased to thirty-six, namely:Antioquia, Azuero, Barbacoas, Bogotá, Buenaventura, Cartagena, Casanare, Cauca, Chiriquí, Chocó, Córdova, Cundinamarca, García Rovira, Mariquita, Medellín, Mompós, Neiva, Ocaña, Pamplona, Panamá, Pasto, Popayán, Riohacha, Sabanilla, Santa Marta, Santander, Socorro, Soto, Tequendama, Tunja, Tundama, Túquerres, Valle de Upar, Veraguas, Vélez and Zipaquirá.However, the new constitution of 1853 introduced federalism, which lead to the consolidation of provinces into states. By 1858 this process was complete, with a resulting eight federal states: Panamá was formed in 1855, Antioquia in 1856, Santander in May 1857, and Bolívar, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca and Magdalena were formed in June 1858. 1861 saw the creation of the final federal state of Tolima.
The Colombian Constitution of 1886 converted the states of Colombia into departments, with the state presidents renamed as governors. The states formed the following original departments:
Boyacá is one of the thirty-two departments of Colombia, and the remnant of Boyacá State, one of the original nine states of the "United States of Colombia".
The Foolish Fatherland is the period in the history of Colombia immediately following the declaration of independence from Spain in 1810 and until the Spanish reconquest in 1816. The period between 1810 and 1816 in the Viceroyalty of New Granada was marked by such intense conflicts over the nature of the new government or governments that it became known as la Patria Boba. Constant fighting between federalists and centralists gave rise to a prolonged period of instability that eventually favored Spanish reconquest. Similar developments can be seen at the same time in the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata. Each province, and even some cities, set up its own autonomous junta, which declared themselves sovereign from each other.
Giovanni Battista Agostino Codazzi was an Italo-Venezuelan soldier, scientist, geographer, cartographer, and governor of Barinas (1846-1847). He made his main investigations and cartographic work in Venezuela and Colombia, thereby creating for both countries a complete set of maps and statistics after the tumultuous post-independence years from the Spanish Empire.
The United Provinces of New Granada was a country in South America from 1811 to 1816, a period known in Colombian history as the Patria Boba. It was formed from areas of the New Kingdom of Granada, roughly corresponding to the territory of modern-day Colombia. The government was a federation with a parliamentary system, consisting of a weak executive and strong congress. The country was reconquered by Spain in 1816.
The Granadine Confederation was a short-lived federal republic established in 1858 as a result of a constitutional change replacing the Republic of New Granada. It consisted of the present-day nations of Colombia and Panama and parts of northwestern Brazil. In turn, the Granadine Confederation was replaced by the United States of Colombia after another constitutional change in 1863.
The Colombian Civil War began on May 8, 1860, and lasted until November 1862. It was an internal conflict between the newly formed conservative Granadine Confederation and a more liberal rebel force from the newly seceded region of Cauca, composed of dissatisfied politicians commanded by General Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, its former president. The Granadine Confederation, created a few years earlier in 1858 by Mariano Ospina Rodríguez, was defeated in the capital Bogotá, with Mosquera deposing the newly elected president Bartolomé Calvo on July 18, 1861. Forming a provisional government, with himself as president, Mosquera continued to pursue the conservative forces until their final defeat in 1862. The resulting formation of the new United States of Colombia would have significant cultural and economic consequences for Colombia.
The constitutional history of Colombia is the process of formation and evolution of the different constitutions that Colombia has had since its formation.
José Bonifacio Aquileo Elias Parra y Gómez de la Vega was a Colombian soldier, businessman and political figure. He was the President of Colombia between 1876 and 1878.
Guillermo Abadía Morales was a Colombian linguist, academic, anthropologist, folklore researcher and indigenous language expert. Morales was one of the first to champion the study of indigenous languages in Colombia.
The Republic of Gran Colombia was a former independent country in northern South America, a post-Spanish colonial country that existed from 1819 to 1831. Its initial subdivisions, created in 1820, were revised and expanded in 1824.
Antioquia State was one of the states of Colombia. Today the area of the former state makes up most of modern day Antioquia Department, Colombia.
Cauca State was one of the states of Colombia.
States of Colombia existed from February 27, 1855, in the Republic of New Granada and the Granadine Confederation, where they were called "federal states". In the United States of Colombia they were called "sovereign states".
Tolima State was one of the states of Colombia.
Cundinamarca State was one of the states of Colombia. It was created on 15 June 1857 as Estado Federal de Cundinamarca, in 1858 was recognized as Estado de la Federación, and in the constitution of 1863 renamed as Estado Soberano of the United States of Colombia.
The 2015 Colombian regional and municipal elections were held on Sunday, 25 October 2015 in Colombia to elect the governors of the 32 departments, deputies to departmental assemblies, mayors of 1,102 municipalities, municipal councillors and aldermen on local administrative boards.
The Cabildo Mayor del Pueblo Muisca is an organisation of indigenous people, in particular the Muisca. It was established in September 2002 in Bosa, Bogotá, Colombia. The organisation, member of National Indigenous Organization of Colombia (ONIC), focuses on defending the rights of the descendants of the Muisca, and the development of cultural and historical heritage, territory and health and the linguistics of the indigenous language, Muysccubun.
Events in the year 2020 in Colombia.