Timeline of Colombian history

Last updated

This is a timeline of Colombian history, comprising important legal and territorial changes and political events in Colombia and its predecessor states. To read about the background to these events, see History of Colombia. See also the list of presidents of Colombia.


Millennia: 11th BC–9th BC  · 3rd BC  · 2nd BC–1st BC  · 1st–2nd  · 3rd Centuries: 20th BC  · 19th BC  · 18th BC  · 17th BC  · 16th BC  · 15th BC  · 14th BC  · 13th BC  · 12th BC  · 11th BC  · 10th BC  · 9th BC  · 8th BC  · 7th BC  · 6th BC  · 5th BC  · 4th BC  · 3rd BC  · 2nd BC  · 1st BC

11th millennium BC

10500 BC El Abra culture inhabits the Altiplano Cundiboyacense. [1]

9th millennium BC

9000 BCCommunities of hunter-gatherers are established in the region of Tequendama, El Abra, Nemocón, Tibitó, Vistahermosa, Galindo, Aguazuque, Gachetá and Sueva. [2]

3rd millennium BC

3000 BCInhabitants change to a semi-sedentary life. First crops of Cassava on the Caribbean coast and Maize in the Altiplano Cundiboyacense are grown. [3] Archaeological sites in Puerto Hormiga (Bolívar, Colombia) show human activity.
2700 BCInhabitants develop agriculture in the Amazon.

16th century BC

1600 BCBuilding of El morro del tulcán Pyramid
1590 BCIn Valle del Cauca in the Calima River, the Ilama culture develops.

13th century BC

1300 BCChimitá petroglyphs in Santander Department
1270 BC Zipacón pottery

7th century BC

700 BC Cave paintings near Inirida river, Vichada department
Quimbaya civilization formative stage
Building of El Infiernito menhirs

3rd century BC

300 BC Malagana period
Guayabero Cave paintings in Guaviare
First type of Colombian cheese was made by ancient civilization and is sold at 55 cents a pound

2nd century BC

200 BC San Agustín culture

1st century BC

100 BC Tairona culture

Centuries: 1st  · 2nd  · 3rd  · 4th  · 5th  · 6th  · 7th  · 8th  · 9th  · 10th  · 11th  · 12th  · 13th  · 14th  · 15th  · 16th  · 17th  · 18th  · 19th  · 20th

1st century

100Early Zenú culture

3rd century

300the Chibcha civilization expands from the northern Andes including part of what is now Panama, the high plains of the Eastern Sierra of Colombia the areas of modern departments of Santander (North and South), Boyacá and Cundinamarca, becoming the most populous zone between the Mayan and Inca Empires.

6th century

600Classic Quimbaya civilization. Poporo Quimbaya
Tierradentro culture

7th century

700Late Zenú culture

10th century

1000Classic Muisca period. Muisca raft

15th century

~1450 Meicuchuca becomes zipa of Bacatá (to 1470)
Hunzahúa becomes zaque of Hunza (to 1470)
1470 Saguamanchica becomes zipa of Bacatá (to 1490)
Michuá becomes zaque of Hunza (to 1490)
1490 Battle of Chocontá
Nemequene becomes zipa of Bacatá (to 1514)
Quemuenchatocha becomes zaque of Hunza (to 1537)
1492 Inca Empire invades southwest Colombia
1498Spanish explorer Juan de la Cosa lands on what is today called Cabo de la Vela (Cape of Sails) in the Guajira Peninsula
1500 Rodrigo de Bastidas lands on the Colombian Caribbean coast

16th century

15022 May Alonso de Ojeda arrives at Bahía Honda and founded the village of Santa Cruz, first city in Colombia
1508 Diego de Enciso and Vasco Núñez de Balboa founded the village of Santa María la Antigua del Darién, initially called The Antigua
1509Ojeda founded the village of San Sebastián de Urabá
Indigenous princess India Catalina is abducted by Spanish conqueror Diego de Nicuesa from a Calamari indigenous settlement
1510Spanish conquerors discover San Andres y Providencia islands
151325 SeptemberNúñez de Balboa discovers the Pacific Ocean
151412 AprilThe Pedrarias Dávila expedition began
Tisquesusa becomes zipa of Bacatá (till 1537)
15182 December Vasco Núñez de Balboa is executed by orders of Pedrarias Dávila
152529 July Rodrigo de Bastidas founded the village of Santa Marta
15303 MayFoundation of Santa Cruz de Mompox by Alonso de Heredia
153320 January Pedro de Heredia founded the village of Cartagena de Indias
15366 AprilThe strenuous Spanish conquest expedition starts from Santa Marta [4]
25 July Sebastián de Belalcázar founded the village of Santiago de Cali
1537Foundation of St. Juan de Pasto by Lorenzo de Aldana
March Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada with his troops reach the Muisca Confederation [4]
20 Aprilzipa Tisquesusa is beaten in the Spanish conquest of the Muisca at Funza [5]
Sagipa becomes the last zipa of Bacatá [6]
25 July Francisco César discovers the territory of Antioquia
20 Augustzaque Quemuenchatocha is beaten in Hunza [7]
Aquiminzaque becomes the last zaque of Hunza [8]
SeptemberThe Sun Temple in Sogamoso (name in Muysccubun: Sugamuxi) was burned by Spanish soldiers [9]
15386 August Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada founded the city of Santa fe de Bogotá *some historians argue that the date of foundation was on 27 April 1539
20 AugustThe Panche are beaten by an alliance of zipa Sagipa and Spanish conquistadors in the Battle of Tocarema [10]
1539 Cacica Gaitana starts the Paezan revolt against the Spanish conquest
Foundation of Neiva by Juan de Cabrera
Foundation of Honda, Tolima by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada
6 August Gonzalo Suárez Rendón founded the city of Tunja
154027 July King Carlos V appointed Santa Fe de Bogotá the title of city
154124 August Jerónimo Luis Tejelo discovers the Aburrá Valley
1542 Francisco de Orellana sails the length of the Amazon River
1545Foundation of Riohacha by Nikolaus Federmann
154917 JulyEmperor Carlos V, created the Royal Audiencia of Santa Fe, subdivided into districts including the "New Kingdom Provinces": Santa Marta, Río de San Juan, Popayán, bordering with Quito, Guayana o Dorado and Cartagena de Indias. Pamplona was founded.
15506 January Hernando de Santana founded the village of Valle de Upar
Foundation of Ibagué by Andres Lopez de Galarza
15567 AprilThe Real Audiencia de Santafé is officially installed
1572Foundation of Villa de Leyva by Hernan Suarez de Villalobos
15807 DecemberFirst historical recorded eruption of Galeras volcano
15884 November Cartagena de Indias is affected by a hurricane. [11] (to 6 November)
1596English corsair Francis Drake attacks Riohacha
160019 February Huaynaputina volcano in Peru erupted catastrophically, in the largest volcanic explosion in South America in historic times causing a volcanic winter, with deadly effects reaching as far as Russia

17th century

16105 Februarythe Catholic Monarchs established from Spain the Spanish Inquisition Holy Office Court in Cartagena de Indias
1629Foundation of Barranca de San Nicolas (Later Barranquilla ) by Galapa indigenous people
1631Foundation of Girón, Santander by Francisco Mantilla de los Rios
1650Approximated date of painting of the Sopo Archangels
1675Foundation of Medellín by Francisco Herrera Campuzano

18th century

17116 AugustDeath of painter Gregorio Vasquez de Arce y Ceballos
1717The Viceroyalty of New Granada is originally created, and then it was temporarily removed, to finally be reestablished in 1739
171913 June Antonio Ignacio de la Pedrosa y Guerrero is Viceroy of New Granada
172411 May Jorge de Villalonga is Viceroy of New Granada
174024 April Sebastián de Eslava is Viceroy of New Granada
Revolt of the Comuneros (New Granada)
174924 September José Alfonso Pizarro is Viceroy of New Granada
175324 November José Solís Folch de Cardona is Viceroy of New Granada
1756The viceroyalty of New Granada is allowed to fabricate its own coins. The House of Coins "Casa de la Moneda" is built
1761 Pedro Messía de la Cerda is Viceroy of New Granada
1772 Manuel de Guirior is Viceroy of New Granada
1773Foundation of San Jose de Cúcuta by Juana Rangel de Cuellar
177626 November Manuel Antonio Flores is Viceroy of New Granada
1780 Manuela Beltrán organized a peasant revolt against excessive taxation
17821 April Juan de Torrezar Díaz Pimienta is Viceroy of New Granada
Antonio Caballero y Góngora is Viceroy of New Granada
1783 José Celestino Mutis leads the Royal Botanical Expedition to New Granada.
1786Death of indigenous leader Cacique Calarcá in combats against the Spanish forces in Peñas Blancas
1788 Francisco Gil de Taboada y Lemos is Viceroy of New Granada
1789 José Manuel de Ezpeleta is Viceroy of New Granada
17972 January Pedro Mendinueta y Múzquiz is Viceroy of New Granada
1799Research expedition of Alexander von Humboldt exploring the courses of the Orinoco River and Magdalena River

19th century

1803 San Andres y Providencia islands are annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada
181020 JulyCry of Independence, also known as the Florero de Llorente (Llorente Flower Vase) incident (Colombian Independence Day)
25 July José Miguel Pey de Andrade is President of the Supreme Governing Junta
17 SeptemberThe president of the Supreme Board of Cartagena, José María García Toledo, created the Colombian Navy
1811 Antonio Nariño publishes the first Newspaper in Colombia, "La Bagatela"
1 April Jorge Tadeo Lozano is declared President of Cundinamarca and Vicegerent of the King's Person
Antonio Nariño is declared President of Cundinamarca and Vicegerent of the King's Person
11 November Cartagena de Indias declared its complete independence from Spain
18121 April Manuel Rodríguez Torices is President of the State of Cartagena de Indias
19 August Manuel Benito de Castro is declared President of Cundinamarca and Vicegerent of the King's Person
181414 May Manuel de Bernardo Álvarez del Casal is declared President of Cundinamarca and Vicegerent of the King's Person
5 October José Luis Álvaro Alvino Fernández Madrid, is president of the United Provinces of the New Granada.
181521 January Custodio García Rovira is president of the United Provinces of the New Granada. he was executed 1 month later by Pablo Morillo.
28 March José Miguel Pey de Andrade is President of the United Provinces of the New Granada
17 August Antonio Villavicencio is President of the United Provinces of the New Granada
15 November Camilo Torres Tenorio is President of the United Provinces of the New Granada
181622 June Liborio Mejía is president of the United Provinces of the New Granada [12] making him the youngest person to ever hold the presidency of Colombia at the age of 24. He was executed three months later during the Reconquest led by the Spaniard Pablo Morillo.
16 July Manuel Fernando Serrano Uribe is the last president of the United Provinces of the New Granada before its dissolution and complete Reconquest.
28 OctoberExecution of Francisco José de Caldas
181714 NovemberExecution of Policarpa Salavarrieta
181825 SeptemberDoña Manuela Sáenz de Thorne saves Simón Bolívar from an attempted assassination
18195 FebruaryThe Congress of Angostura
25 July Battle of Vargas Swamp
7 August Battle of Boyacá
11 OctoberFor order of Francisco de Paula Santander, Spanish colonel Jose Maria Barreiro and 38 Spanish officers were executed in Bogotá.
182130 August Congress of Cúcuta and Constitution of Cúcuta
182827 AugustAfter the failure of the constitutional convention of Ocaña Simón Bolívar proclaimed himself dictator, through the "Organic Decree of Dictatorship".
1830The Federation of Gran Colombia is dissolved
15 September Rafael José de Urdaneta y Faría is Provisional Chief of the Government of the Republic of Gran Colombia
17 December Simón Bolívar dies in Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino near Santa Marta
18312 May Joaquín Mariano Mosquera y Arboleda is President of the Republic of New Granada
183210 March José Ignacio de Márquez is President of the Republic of New Granada
7 October Francisco de Paula Santander is President of the Republic of New Granada
Coat of arms of Colombia is officially adopted
1835Start the Colombian coffee industry with the first commercial crops in Norte de Santander
1837 Colombian peso replaces Colombian real as official currency
1839The War of the Supremes (Spanish: Guerra de los Supremos, also called the Guerra de los Conventos) extended from 1839 to 1841, caused by the ambitions of various regional leaders (gamonales) to seize power and depose President José Ignacio de Márquez
1840Foundation of Villavicencio by Esteban Aguirre
18411 April Pedro Alcántara Herrán is President of the Republic of New Granada
18451 April Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is President of the Republic of New Granada
1849Foundation of Manizales by Antioquian colonists
1 April José Hilario López is President of the Republic of New Granada
185114 October José de Obaldía is President of the Republic of New Granada
18531 April José María Obando is President of the Republic of New Granada
Manuel María Mallarino is President of the Republic of New Granada
185417 April José María Melo is President of the Republic of New Granada
185611 JuneCreation of the Sovereign State of Antioquía
185715 JuneThe Law of 15 June 1857, created the other states that would go on to form the Granadine Confederation: The Sovereign State of Bolívar, The Sovereign State of Santander, The Sovereign State of Cauca, and The Sovereign State of Magdalena
1858The Granadine Confederation is created.
22 May Mariano Ospina Rodríguez is president of the Granadine Confederation
18608 MayNewly appointed Supreme Director of War Tomas Cipriano de Mosquera declared the Sovereign State of Cauca a separate nation from the Granadine Confederation and Colombian Civil War (1860–1862) broke out
18611 April Bartolomé Calvo is President of the Granadine Confederation
18 July Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is President of the Granadine Confederation
1863Foundation of Pereira, Colombia by Remigio Antonio Cañarte
The name of the Republic is changed officially to "United States of Colombia" through the Rionegro Constitution
14 May Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is the first President of the United States of Colombia
26 NovemberThe Flag of Colombia is officially adopted
18648 April Manuel Murillo Toro is President of the United States of Colombia
1865 Kola Román, a popular Colombian soft drink is introduced by Carlos Roman
18661 April José María Rojas Garrido is President of the United States of Colombia
22 May Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera is President of the United States of Colombia for second time
1867Foundation of Leticia, Colombia by Benigno Bustamante
12 May Joaquín Riascos is President of the United States of Colombia
23 May Manuel María de los Santos Acosta is President of the United States of Colombia
18681 April Santos Gutiérrez is President of the United States of Colombia
18701 April Eustorgio Salgar is President of the United States of Colombia
18721 April Manuel Murillo Toro is President of the United States of Colombia for second time
1874 Santiago Pérez de Manosalbas is President of the United States of Colombia
18761 April Aquileo Parra is President of the United States of Colombia
18781 April Julián Trujillo Largacha is President of the United States of Colombia
18808 April Rafael Nuñez is President of the United States of Colombia
18821 April Francisco Javier Zaldúa served as President of the Rionegro Convention, a constituent assembly that created the United States of Colombia (now Colombia). As President of this legislative body, Zaldúa became the de facto President of the United States of Colombia for 6 days, when President Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera ceded executive power to the convention, and until the said convention elected a Council of Ministers to serve collectively as the Colombian head of state.
22 December José Eusebio Otalora is President of the United States of Colombia, in his capacity as the Second Presidential Designate following the death of President Francisco Javier Zaldúa, and the non-acceptance of the office by the First Designate Rafael Núñez.
18841 April Ezequiel Hurtado is President of the United States of Colombia
11 August Rafael Nuñez is President of the United States of Colombia for second time
28 August ETB (company) is created, being the first telecommunications company in Colombia
1886President Rafael Nuñez creates the Colombian Constitution of 1886, which has been one of the longest lasting constitutions in the western hemisphere, and with the Reforms of 1910, 1936, 1958, 1968, 1973 and 1986 was the constitution of Colombia until 1991. The country adopts its present name: "Republic of Colombia"
1 Aprilon 30 March 1886, president Núñez presented his resignation to Congress due to his poor health condition caused by dysentery. José María Campo Serrano is sworn in as Acting President, becoming the first President of Colombian Republic
18877 January Eliseo Payán is the 2nd president of Colombia
4 June Rafael Nuñez is the 3rd President of Colombia
1888 Carlos Holguín Mallarino is the 4th President of Colombia
188914 OctoberFoundation of Villa Holguin (Later Armenia, Colombia ) by Jesus Maria Ocampo
18915 November Colombian National Police is created
18927 August Miguel Antonio Caro is the 4th president of Colombia
29 September Rafael Nuñez is the 5th President of Colombia
189418 September Miguel Antonio Caro is the 6th president of Colombia
189626 MayPoet José Asunción Silva commits suicide
1898 Manuel Antonio Sanclemente is the 7th president of Colombia
189917 OctoberThe Thousand Days' War (1899–1902)(1130 days) (Spanish: Guerra de los Mil Días)
190026 May President Manuel Antonio Sanclemente extended the deadline for completion of the Panama Canal from 31 October 1904 to 31 October 1910. [13] The executive decree was granted without consent of the Colombian Congress. [14]
Battle of Palonegro
19 JuneDate of death of Salvador Camacho, called the "founder of sociology" in Colombia.
31 July José Manuel Marroquín is president of Colombia
August Naturalist Soto Grimshaw dies of cholera during an expedition to the Caribbean region of Colombia

20th century

1901Colombian Geographer Francisco Javier Vergara y Velasco publishes the first complete cartographic charts of the country, the Atlas completo de geografía colombiana (1906–1910), through which he won the Charles Manoir price of the Paris Geographical Society.
Manuelita became the first Colombian sugar mill to move from mule to steam powered mills
23 February Battle of Aguadulce
190224 OctoberThe Thousand Days' War was a civil war fought in Colombia from 17 October 1899 to 21 November 1902, at first between the Liberal Party and the government led by the National Party, and later – after the Conservative Party had ousted the National Party – between the liberals and the conservative government. The peace treaty was signed on the plantation Neerlandia on 24 October 1902.
1903 Panama remained as a province of Colombia until this year, when – with backing from the United States in exchange for allowing the US to build the Panama Canal – it became independent (Separation of Panama from Colombia)
22 JanuaryThe United States and the Republic of Colombia sign the Hay–Herrán Treaty
26 OctoberThe United States Navy patrol gunboat USS Nashville blocks Colombian attempts to suppress the Panamanian separatist movement
190416 JuneDate of death of Manuel Uribe Ángel, known for his great contributions to the advances of the practice of medicine in Colombia and the Antioquia Department. He also served as President of the then Sovereign State of Antioquia
7 August Rafael Reyes is president of Colombia
11 OctoberCreation of Postobón soft drinks company
1910Colombian astronomer Julio Garavito Armero discovers the crater on the Moon's far side which is named after him (Garavito crater).
7 August Carlos Eugenio Restrepo is president of Colombia
19147 August José Vicente Concha is president of Colombia
19159 MayIndigenous nasa leader Quintín Lame is arrested for attempting the creation of an indigenous independent republic
1918 Marco Fidel Suárez is president of Colombia
1926 Miguel Abadía Méndez is president of Colombia
1927The Federación Nacional de Cafeteros de Colombia is created
19286 DecemberThe Banana massacre, in Spanish, Matanza de las bananeras or Masacre de las bananeras: A massacre of workers for the United Fruit Company that occurred in the town of Ciénaga near Santa Marta
1930 Enrique Olaya Herrera is president of Colombia
19321 SeptemberThe Colombia–Peru War
1934 Alfonso López Pumarejo is president of Colombia
First census in Colombia. Population:8.700.000
193524 June Argentine singer Carlos Gardel dies in a plane crash in Medellín
1938 Eduardo Santos Montejo is president of Colombia
1942 Alfonso López Pumarejo is president of Colombia for a second time
194529 AprilDate of death of impressionist painter Andrés de Santa Maria
Alberto Lleras Camargo is president of Colombia
1946 Mariano Ospina Pérez is president of Colombia
19489 AprilMurder of politician Jorge Eliécer Gaitán. Bogotazo riots. Starts the bipartisan violence ("La Violencia")
1950 Laureano Gómez Castro is president of Colombia
195313 June Gustavo Rojas Pinilla seized power by means of a coup d'état
19543 AugustPresident Rojas Pinilla government gives women the right to vote
Rojas Pinilla introduced the Television in Colombia
1955Rojas Pinilla ordered a military offensive against rearmed peasants triggering a confrontation known as the "Guerra de Villarrica" (War of Villarrica) which took place in the central town of Villarrica in Tolima Department.
195624 Junethe Liberal Party headed by Alberto Lleras Camargo and the Conservative Party headed by Laureano Gómez signed an accord on 24 June 1956 to begin the National Front (Colombia).
1958Dr. Jorge Reynolds Pompo is credited with having helped in the design of the first successful internal pacemaker
1960Creation of the first Natural protected area in Colombia, the Cueva de los Guacharos National park
196128 October Hurricane Hattie moves over San Andrés island with winds of 80 mph (130 km/h), causing 1 death, 15 injuries, and $300,000 in damage (1961 USD, $2.1 million 2008 USD).
1962 Guillermo León Valencia is president of Colombia
25 July Luz Marina Zuluaga wins Miss Universe beauty contest
1964The refractive surgery keratomileusis was developed by Ignacio Barraquer in Bogotá.
May Marquetalia Republic is overrun by the Colombian army (during what was termed "Operation Marquetalia")
19657 JanuaryThe National Liberation Army (Colombia) (ELN) guerrilla is created
1966 Carlos Lleras Restrepo is president of Colombia
1970 Misael Pastrana Borrero is president of Colombia
1972Discovery of Ciudad Perdida archaeological place
1974 Alfonso López Michelsen is president of Colombia
The Black Tuna Gang, a Miami-based Colombian marijuana-trafficking group was responsible for bringing in over 500 tons of marijuana over a 16-month period in the mid-1970s ("the marijuana bonanza").
1976DecemberStarts the development of Cerrejón Coal mine. It is the largest mining operation in Colombia and among the largest open-pit coal mines in the world
1978 Julio César Turbay Ayala is president of Colombia
198027 February Dominican embassy siege
June Serial killer Pedro López a.k.a. Monster of the Andes confessed to over 300 murders
1981 Homosexuality in Colombia is declared legal by the national government
1982 Belisario Betancur is elected president of Colombia
Paramilitary group "Muerte a Secuestradores" (MAS) is formed
Antioquian entrepreneur Felix Correa and his bank FURATENA get convicted for financial fraud causing a collapse in the national financial system
1 September Mother Teresa visits Colombia
22 October [15] Gabriel García Márquez wins the Nobel Prize in literature
26 October (formalized on 5 November) [16] Colombia resigns as host for the 1986 FIFA World Cup due to scarcity of public resources
1983 Pablo Escobar attends Colombian congress sessions as backup of congressman Jairo Ortega
President Betancur announces Colombia has signed in the Non-Aligned Movement
Businessman Roberto Soto steals 13.5 million dollars from the national budget with the help of a teleprinter machine
General Prosecutor Carlos Jimenez declares that MAS group have underground relations of support with the National Army
Guerrilla leader Manuel Marulanda announces to the press that the FARC guerrilla has grown to 28 main divisions, causing international concern
1983 Guerrilla leader Jaime Bateman Cayon a.k.a. "El Flaco" dies in a plane crash near the Gulf of Urabá while traveling from Santa Marta to Panama
Jumbo 747 airplane of Avianca airlines, in flight from Bogotá, crashes in Mejorana del campo, near Barajas airport in Madrid, Spain. 189 passengers die, including Art critic Marta Traba
31 March Popayán is partially destroyed by an earthquake during the traditional celebrations of Holy week
1984Minister of Justice Rodrigo Lara Bonilla is shot to death by teenager hitmen hired by the Medellín Cartel. One of the hitmen, Byron de Jesus Velasquez, is captured
President Betancur achieves a ceasefire with 80% of guerrilla forces in the country. In the case of FARC, this would be linked to the creation of the political movement Patriotic Union (Colombia) UP during the next year.
Dissident guerrilla 19th of April Movement (M-19) attacks Florencia, Caquetá. Over 100 civilians dead
10 March Tranquilandia, a large cocaine processing laboratory located in the jungles of Caquetá, constructed for the Medellín Cartel is destroyed by units of the Colombian National Police, assisted by the DEA
1985The Gorgona Island prison is dissolved and the island is declared National park
10 JanuaryElkin Lucena performed the first successful In vitro fertilization, that allowed the birth of the first Latin American test tube baby (Carolina Mendez).
23 MayGuerrilla leader Antonio Navarro is victim of a bomb that nearly killed him, and loses one leg
JulyColombian cyclist Luis Herrera wins the Vuelta a España, first South American to win a Grand Tour
16 September Ceroxylon quindiuense is declared as the National tree by the national government
6 NovemberM19 guerrilla attacks the supreme court in the Palace of Justice siege. The president of the Supreme Court of Colombia and many magistrates, employees and bystanders get killed. Over 100 fatal victims and undetermined number of missing persons. The army is accused of forced disappearance of civilians
13 NovemberIn the worst natural disaster in the history of Colombia, Armero city in Tolima department is destroyed due to a flood created by the eruption of Nevado del Ruiz volcano (Armero tragedy). Over 20.000 dead. Countless homes destroyed.
14 December Cardiologist Alberto Villegas performed the first heart transplant in Latin America to Antonio Yepes. [17]
1986 Virgilio Barco is elected president of Colombia
El Espectador newspaper director, Guillermo Cano is shot to death by hitmen
Guerrilla leader Javier Delgado kills 150 fellow guerrilleros of the Ricardo Franco Group, in the Tacueyó massacre, because he suspected them to be infiltrated
3 JulyPope John Paul II visits Bogotá and the remains of Armero tragedy
9 August Miguel "Happy" Lora wins the world boxing championship in the bantamweight division
4 December Campo Elías Delgado Morales, a Vietnam War veteran kills 28 persons (including his mother) and leaves 15 injured, in the Pozzetto restaurant massacre, presumably due to mental illness. The events are depicted in the 2006 movie Satanás .
1987Guerrilla groups attack a military convoy in Caqueta breaking the 1984 truce. 42 soldiers dead and 27 injured
Colombian Navy ship ARC Caldas sails in waters of Atlantic Ocean in dispute with Venezuela creating a serious diplomatic incident
4 February Drug dealer Carlos Lehder is captured in a farm near Medellín at 6:20 a.m. The same day at 5:20 p.m he is extradited and sent in a DEA turbocommander airplane to USA
11 OctoberUP leaders Jaime Pardo Leal and Hector Abad are killed in La Mesa, Cundinamarca. Eventually this movement would be lose more than 3000 of their members due to violence
1988Paramilitary groups commit massacres in Saiza, Mejor Esquina and Segovia, Antioquia
General Prosecutor Carlos Mauro Hoyos is killed by hitmen
The first election of city majors for popular vote
Politicians Álvaro Gómez Hurtado and Andrés Pastrana are kidnapped by narcotrafficking related groups
collapse of Stock market due to incarceration of financial managers Juan Ricardo Escobar and Guillermo Uribe Holguin
Massacre of Trujillo, 107 victims. On 19 December 2006 Henry Loaiza-Ceballos was accused by Colombian authorities of being responsible for the massacre
First Iberoamerican Theater Festival in Bogotá. 100.000 people attend to the closing act in Plaza de Bolívar
21 MarchColombian Painter Dario Morales dies in Paris
June Serial killer Daniel Barbosa a.k.a. the Beast of the Andes confessed 72 murders
18 August Luis Carlos Galán, Politician and candidate to presidency is killed by hitmen in Soacha during a public speech
1989Drug dealer Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha is killed in a military operation
First reports of the presence of Coffee borer beetle in Colombian coffee crops
27 November Avianca Flight 203 airplane HK1803 explodes in the air with 107 people on board, few minutes after leaving El Dorado International Airport as a result of a bomb planted by the Medellín Cartel. No survivors
6 December7:30 a.m. The Security Administration Department building (Departamento Administrativo de Seguridad DAS) and an important part of the commercial area of Paloquemao district in Bogotá are destroyed by a bomb, in what is considered the worst terrorist attack in Colombian history
1990M19 Guerrilla leader Carlos Pizarro Leongómez is killed by hitmen when he was a presidential candidate
César Gaviria is elected President of Colombia
El Tiempo newspaper director Francisco Santos is kidnapped
20 Emberá indigenous people are killed in the Caloto, Cauca massacre due to land ownership disagreements with local landlords
22 MarchUP leader politician Bernardo Jaramillo Ossa is killed by hitmen
1991Rafael Pardo is the first civilian to be designated as minister of defense
Minister of economy Rudolph Hommes announced the new aperture politic for international trade inspirited in the Russian perestroika and the creation of the National bank for international trade Bancomex
Starts the first concessions for mobile telephony
JanuaryJournalist Diana Turbay is killed while kept kidnapped in a farm near Sabaneta
JanuaryDrug dealers Fabio, Juan David and Jorge Luis Ochoa Vázquez (The Ochoa brothers) and Pablo Escobar surrender themselves to the authorities
17 FebruaryOpening of the national assembly for reform to the 1886 national constitution (Constituent Assembly of Colombia)
1992The Office of the Attorney General of Colombia is created, with Gustavo de Greiff designated as the first Attorney General
Noemí Sanín is the new minister of foreign affairs. She is the first women to be designed as a minister in Colombia
The collapse of the national electricity generation system causes massive power blackouts all over the country with an average of 18 hours/day without electricity from March 1992 to April 1993
Fernando Botero presents a collection of 31 sculptures in an outdoors exhibition in the Champs-Élysées in Paris
20 July Pablo Escobar escapes from the Cathedral Prison
15 November Villatina Massacre
1993Massive celebration of the winning of Colombian soccer team in a play against Argentine team in Buenos Aires with final score 5–0. Riots all over the country.
The national government achieves commercial treaties with Venezuela, Mexico and Ecuador
14 January Galeras volcano eruption killed nine people, including six scientists who had descended into the volcano's crater to sample gases.
NovemberBomb explodes on 15th Avenue of Bogotá, near the intersection with 93rd Street (in front of Centro 93 mall). 10 people die, over 100 injured
2 DecemberPablo Escobar dies in combats with the police
1994 Ernesto Samper is elected president of Colombia
8000 Process scandal of Cali Cartel narcotrafficking money investment in the Samper electoral campaign starts with the public broadcasting of tapes from telephonic conversations among Minister Alberto Giraldo and drug dealers Gilberto and Miguel Rodríguez Orejuela
Former president César Gaviria is designated as OEA general secretary
A team of 10 people steals pesos from the Republic Bank in Valledupar in the biggest bank robbery in the Colombian history
Paez river flood in Cauca department kills hundreds of people and destroys villages in a length of 40 km
11 February CONVIVIR (Spanish for to coexist) program of cooperative neighbourhood watch groups is created by a decree of Colombia's Ministry of Defense
20 May Manuel Elkin Patarroyo received the Prince of Asturias Awards by his technical and scientific research in the development of synthetic malaria vaccine
2 JulyDue to the poor performance of the national soccer team in the USA soccer World Cup, an angry soccer aficionado shot to death soccer player Andrés Escobar
199576-year-old conservative politician Álvaro Gómez Hurtado is murdered by hitmen
JanuaryPlane crash in Marialabaja, Bolívar Department. 52 dead, only survivor 9-year-old girl Erika Delgado
February Luciano Pavarotti gives a concert in Bogotá
9 JuneDrug dealers Miguel and Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela (The Rodriguez Brothers) are captured in a police operation
30 NovemberStart operations of rapid transit rail system Metro de Medellín
20 DecemberPlane crash near Cali airport. American Airlines plane with 163 occupants. 4 survivors
1996 Antioquia governor Álvaro Uribe orders the capture of the German citizens Werner and Michela Mauss, suspected of being FARC collaborators
March of protest of 90.000 cocaleros (coca leaf illegal farmers) from Guaviare Department and Putumayo Department ended with 12 cocaleros dead. Army soldiers accused of brutality
Guerrilla attack to the military base "Las Delicias" in Putumayo. 29 soldiers dead, 20 injured, 60 kidnapped
26 June La Gabarra Massacre
24 July Hurricane Cesar moves westward across the southern Caribbean and crosses over extreme northern Colombia and the San Andres archipelago. Cesar kills 11 people in Colombia due to flooding and mudslides. [18]
November Aterciopelados band ranks number 1 in the MTV network, becoming the most successful Colombian rock band
1997"Miti-Miti" corruption scandal, involving Ministrer of communications Saulo Arboleda and minister of mining and energy Rodrigo Villamizar accused of obtaining illegal profit of 100 fm radio concessions
April Salvatore Mancuso and Carlos Castaño conformed what they called the "Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia" (AUC) United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia
15 AprilDrug dealer Phanor Arizabaleta-Arzayus, member of the Cali Cartel is captured at a road checkpoint
15 July Mapiripán Massacre
September Carlos Castaño in a press interview admits responsibility for the Mapiripán Massacre. AUC is listed by the US Department of State as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.
OctoberBird (sculpture by Fernando Botero) was destroyed by a terrorist attack in downtown Medellín. About 17 people died. Several body parts remained unidentified. The remains of the sculpture are displayed in San Antonio Square as a memorial for the victims
1998 Andrés Pastrana is elected as president of Colombia
Gloria Zea, director of the national Modern Art Museum organizes one of the largest art exhibits in Colombia "Arte y Violencia en Colombia" as a commemoration of 50th anniversary of the start of the bipartisan violence La Violencia
Fernando Botero donates 100 of his works and 60 pieces of his private art collection (19th and 20th centuries) to the Antioquia Museum
20 June Plan Colombia (Treaty signed with USA for support in War on Drugs) is officially unveiled by President Pastrana
7 NovemberPresident Pastrana granted to the FARC guerrilla a 42,000 km2 (16,200 sq mi) safe haven meant to serve as a confidence building measure, centered around the San Vicente del Caguán settlement
1999 Betty la fea soap opera a.k.a. Ugly Betty reach the highest levels of rating and the script is sold to different producers in several countries
19 JanuaryThe 1999 Armenia earthquake devastates Armenia, Colombia. Over 2000 dead, 3000 missing persons and a quarter million people homeless
14 April ELN guerrilla kidnap Fokker airplane with 41 occupants in Bolívar department
22 April Serial killer Luis Garavito is found guilty of the murder of 138 boys. (The total number of victims according with Garavito confessions off-record is estimated up to 300 boys and an undetermined number of adults)
30 MayMass kidnapping of 70 people in La Maria church in Cali
13 AugustComedian Jaime Garzón is murdered by hitmen
13 NovemberStrong waves from Hurricane Lenny affect the Guajira Peninsula of Colombia, flooding 1,200 homes and businesses along the northern coastline. In addition, winds and rains from the hurricane causes severe crop damage in the country. [19] The hurricane kills two in Colombia. [20] (to 16 November)
29 NovemberDate of death of Colombian essayist and historian Germán Arciniegas
2000First Olympic gold medal in Colombian history, earned by María Isabel Urrutia in weightlifting
30 MarchA car bomb parked in front of the mayor's office in Cachipay (Cundinamarca Department) detonated, causing injuries to nineteen and deaths to four
11 AprilELN bombs damage 4 meetinghouses of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church); bridge attack kills 1, injures 20. [21]
15 MayA woman was killed by a time bomb fastened to her neck by FARC guerrilla; 1 bomb disposal specialist died trying to deactivate the bomb and other 3 were wounded. [22] The 2007 movie PVC-1 is based in this incident
JuneThe sport of Precolumbian origin; Turmequé or tejo is declared as the National sport by the Colombian congress
30 AugustUSA president Bill Clinton and his daughter Chelsea visit Cartagena de Indias
4 SeptemberA 70 kilograms of R1 explosive bomb exploded in Barrancabermeja's commercial district, injuring four policemen, two security guards and two civilians. The intended target was apparently the National Customs and Tax Directorate (DIAN). [23]
October Macayepo massacre in Montes de María
15 OctoberA bomb went off in Cali outside a rehabilitation center in the Obrero neighborhood. Two children were killed and thirty other injured. An explosive device went off in a Christian church in Cali, killing two and injuring fifteen. [24]
14 NovemberA guerrilla group gave a homeless man a package that, unbeknownst to him, was filled with explosives. The package exploded as he walked through the banking sector of Cali, killing him and wounding four others. The package reportedly contained 500 grams of ammonium nitrate fuel oil. [25]
4 DecemberPolitician Fernando Araújo Perdomo is kidnapped by the Farc guerrilla
18 DecemberOpening of the mass transportation system Transmilenio in Bogotá

21st century

2001The stock markets of Cali, Medellín and Bogotá are fused into a single entity: Bolsa de Valores de Colombia
Singer Shakira Mebarak wins a Grammy Award for her MTV unplugged
24 Aprilthe House of Representatives Committee on International Relations published the findings of its investigation into IRA activities in Colombia
4 MayA car bomb kills four and injures 32 in a luxury hotel in Cali. No group claims the attack. [26]
17 MayA car bomb kills 20 and injures at least 50 in a park in Medellín. [27]
11 JulySoccer tournament Copa America 2001 was held in Colombia (to 29 July)
11 AugustArrest of the Irish Colombia Three charged with training FARC rebels in bomb-making
23 AugustIn a series of attacks near Medellín, 10 bombs kill one and injure 39 others. [28] At least 15 members of terrorist group ELN die when the explosives they were carrying detonate. [29]
29 SeptemberPolitician Consuelo Araújo is murdered while being kidnapped by FARC guerrilla
200225 JanuaryA bomb kills a child and four police officers and injures 28 people in Bogotá. Rebel group FARC is blamed
30 JanuaryA car bomb kills five and injures 40 in the city of Florencia in the department of Caquetá
21 FebruaryPresident Pastrana ended the peace talks and ordered the armed forces to start retaking the FARC-EP controlled zone of San Vicente del Caguan
24 February Oxygen Green Party Politician Ingrid Betancourt is kiddnapped by FARC guerrilla
MarchPresident Uribe decided to appoint Marta Lucía Ramírez as Minister of Defense becoming the second woman in Latin America to ever hold this title, after Michelle Bachelet
7 AprilTwo bombs explode in the restaurant district of Villavicencio, killing twelve and injuring 70. FARC is the prime suspect for the attack. [30]
11 AprilTwo police officers and a girl are killed by a bomb concealed in the corpse of a peasant (Pedro Nel Camacho) apparently executed by the FARC guerrilla with such purpose [31]
12 April12 politicians in Valle del Cauca are kidnapped using a hoax antibomb operative, starting the Valle del Cauca Deputies hostage crisis
A rocket explodes near the studios of RCN TV in Bogotá. [32]
14 AprilDuring an assassination attempt of then-presidential candidate Álvaro Uribe Vélez a bomb kills two and injures 20 in Barranquilla. Rebel group FARC is blamed.
2 May Bojaya massacre in Chocó Department. A bomb destroys the local church. 117 dead, 114 injured.
26 MayCali bishop Isaias Duarte is murdered by hitmen
7 August Álvaro Uribe is elected president of Colombia
Four rounds of mortars are fired against the Presidential Palace in Bogotá during the inauguration ceremony of President Álvaro Uribe Vélez. 13 people, mostly homeless, die and 50 are wounded. FARC is blamed. [33]
24 NovemberGuerrilla leader alias Simon Trinidad is extradited to USA
13 DecemberA bomb destroys 30th floor of the Intercontinental Hotel in downtown Bogotá. 37 people injured. [34]
200316 JanuaryA car bomb kills four and injures 27 at a shopping mall in Medellín. The attack is believed to be a retaliation of FARC for the arrest of 53 of its members in the preceding days
7 February 2003 El Nogal Club bombing. Car bomb kills 36 and injures more than 200 at the El Nogal social club in Bogotá; FARC rebels are blamed
14 FebruaryA bomb kills 18 and wounds 37 in Neiva, destroying 70 homes. Amongst the dead are the chief prosecutor in Neiva and the chief of police. FARC is blamed for the attack. [35]
5 MarchA car bomb kills six and injures 68 in a covered parking lot in Cúcuta. Rebel group ELN is blamed for the attack. [36]
MayA group of Colombian Army soldiers, part of a Counter-terrorism unit, while cleaning up after an ambush by guerillas makes the surprising discovery of several tubs buried in the jungle which hold US$16.75 million in cash. They decide to keep the money for themselves, leading to their capture and trial. These events are depicted in the 2006 movie A Ton of Luck
8 MayA bomb kills three in an attack against a water treatment plant in Cali.
24 AugustSix die and 28 are wounded when a bomb explodes in a riverboat in the town of Puerto Rico. Rebel group FARC is blamed. [37]
11 SeptemberA bomb strapped to a horse kills eight and injures 15 in the village of Chita, Boyacá. The attack is blamed on FARC, as the same technique had been used in the past. [38]
29 SeptemberA motorcycle packed with explosives kills ten and injures 54 in downtown Florencia, Caquetá. Rebel group FARC is blamed. [39]
8 OctoberA car bomb kills six and injures eleven in downtown Bogotá. [40]
15 NovemberA grenade attack from a motorcycle kills two and injures seventy in the Bogotá Beer Company, a popular pub in Bogotá. Two FARC members were captured.
December Biologist Raul Cuero wins NASA Technology Award for his research in removal of radionuclides such as uranium, using Martian simulated soil
200415 MarchDate of death of popular salsa dancer Amparo Arrebato
1 May Ecuadorian government placed further stringent visa restrictions on Colombians seeking to enter Ecuador
22 MayA bomb exploded in a crowded tavern/discothèque at 11:00 pm Saturday night killing six (some reports indicate seven) and wounding eighty-two. The bomb was packed in a small suitcase and left in the bathroom by suspected Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) rebels. It is believed the bombing was part of a FARC campaign marking the organizations 40th anniversary.
4 AugustA bomb exploded at a bridge in Medellín moments before a parade of antique cars was scheduled to cross it, as the closing event at the annual Festival of the Flowers. 35 people injured.
29 OctoberA bomb exploded near a bus stop along Bogotá's Transmilenio bus system route. A taxi passing by was caught in the blast resulting in the death of the driver and a passenger. 30 surrounded houses destroyed
22 NovemberUSA president George W. Bush visits Cartagena de Indias
28 NovemberA bomb exploded beside the mayor's office in the Rafael Uribe district of Bogotá
30 NovemberThree people were killed and eight wounded when a fragment grenade was left at a supermarket checkout counter
13 December Rodrigo Granda affair. FARC guerrilla leader Rodrigo Granda, was captured by individual Venezuelan officials in Caracas, Venezuela, and transferred to Cúcuta, Colombia (a departmental capital on the two nations' common border), where he was arrested by the Colombian authorities on 14 December, generating a diplomatic crisis with Venezuelan government.
30 December Radio Televisión Nacional de Colombia (RTVC) replaced the liquidated Instituto Nacional de Radio y Televisión (Inravisión) as the government-run radio and television broadcasting service
2005January Colombian justice adopts the adversarial system
1 FebruaryFARC attacks the Iscuande marine base in Narino Department with homemade rockets, killing 15 soldiers and injuring 25. [41]
3 FebruaryA bridge was blown up in Putumayo Department, killing eight soldiers and a civilian. [41]
6 AprilAn ambush in Arauca state, near Venezuela, kills 17 soldiers. [42]
24 JuneFARC attacks military positions in the location of Puerto Asís in the Putumayo department, killing 25 and wounding 20 in a single operation. [43]
27 OctoberThe islands of San Andrés and Providencia are evacuated due to Hurricane Beta (2005). [44] Hours later, a hurricane watch was issued. [45]
27 DecemberFARC launches a massive attack in the remote village of San Marino in the Chocó Department, killing at least six police officers along with the temporary abduction of some thirty, before they were released by the guerrillas on 20 December due to military pressure. [46]
28 DecemberFARC rebels ambush troops near Vista Hermosa, Meta, killing 28. [47]
200628 May Álvaro Uribe is re-elected for a second presidential term
31 July16 soldiers die in an ambush in Tibú and a car bomb kills one and injures 22 in Bogotá. Both attacks are blamed on FARC. [48]
4 AugustA car bomb kills five outside a police station in Cali. FARC suspected responsible. [49]
19 OctoberA car bomb explodes in a military college in northern Bogotá. [50]
9 NovemberThe Supreme Court ordered the detention of three congressmen implicated in the signature of an illegal agreement with the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia at Santa Fe de Ralito starting the Colombian parapolitics scandal
DecemberFirst Narco submarines of Colombian origin seized by the U.S. Coast Guard, authorities dubbed it Bigfoot because they had heard rumors that such things existed, but nobody had actually seen one. [51]
10 DecemberParamilitary leader Salvatore Mancuso surrenders to the Colombian authorities
20075 Januarykidnapped politician Fernando Araújo Perdomo escaped from his captors after a Colombian National Army military operation in the Montes de María mountains. Araújo spent several days in hiding without food or water until eventually finding help.
1 MarchTen injured in a car bomb blast in Neiva, capital of Huila; rebel group FARC is believed responsible. The action is suspected to be an assassination attempt on Neiva's mayor. [52]
3 MarchA bomb kills four police officers and one civilian in the city of Neiva, as they attempt to deactivate it
16 MarchA bomb kills 16 and injures 16 in Buenaventura. Authorities blame FARC. [53]
7 AprilThe first Colombian satellite, Libertad I is launched in orbit from Baikonur cosmodrome
28 AprilKidnapped police officer Jhon Frank Pinchao escapes from the FARC guerrilla spending near a month lost in the jungle
May Virginia Vallejo, media personality and former lover of Pablo Escobar, published her memoir Amando a Pablo, odiando a Escobar (Loving Pablo, Hating Escobar), where she accused several Colombian presidents of involvement with drug traffickers
28 JuneMurder of the politicians kidnapped in the Valle del Cauca Deputies hostage crisis causes national outrage
7 September Colombian coffee achieves Protected designation of origin status granted by the European Union [54]
13 December International Court of Justice of The Hague concluded the long-time dispute with the Republic of Nicaragua over the San Andrés y Providencia Islands in favor of Colombian sovereignty over the San Andres Archipelago, ratifying the Esguerra-Bárcenas treaty. [55] signed between 1928 and 1930 [56]
200810 JanuaryFormer vice presidential candidate Clara Rojas and former congresswoman Consuelo González are freed after nearly six years in captivity
1 MarchThe Colombian military attacks a FARC camp inside Ecuador's territory. Several guerrilla casualties including guerrilla leader Raul Reyes starting the 2008 Andean diplomatic crisis
3 March Iván Ríos, a member of the FARC Central High Command was killed by his security chief "Rojas".
26 MarchGuerrilla commander Manuel Marulanda Vélez dies
18 MayGuerrilla leader Elda Neyis Mosquera alias "Karina" surrenders herself to the military forces
2 JulyUnder a Colombian military operation called Operation Jaque, the FARC was tricked by the Colombian Government into releasing 15 hostages to Colombian Intelligence agents, including Ingrid Betancourt, U.S military contractors, and Colombian soldiers and police officers
15 August Ituango, Antioquia. Seven people were killed and more than 50 wounded when a bomb detonated in a small town
21 AugustColombia has chosen the European DVB-T standard for Digital terrestrial television
30 OctoberAccusations of Colombian army soldiers involved with criminal bands with the purpose of luring unsuspecting unemployed or homeless people into isolated areas where they were murdered and the scenes were staged as combats against guerrilla in order to enhance their achievements and get performance-related payments, were investigated. The events, known as the 'false positives' scandal, led to the resignation of Commander-in-chief, general Mario Montoya. [57] As of 2012, 3,350 such cases had been investigated in all parts of the country and verdicts had been reached in 170 cases. [58]
12 NovemberRiots broke out in the municipalities of Pasto, Tumaco, Popayán and later spread all over the country after the collapse of several pyramid schemes. Thousands of victims had invested their money in pyramids that promised them extraordinary interest rates. The lack of regulation laws allowed those pyramids to grow excessively during several years. Finally, after the riots the Colombian government was forced to declare the country in economical emergency in order to seize and stop those schemes. Several of the pyramid's managers were arrested and are being prosecuted for the crime of "illegal massive money reception". [59]
22 NovemberColombia and Canada signed a new $1.14 billion dollar bilateral trade agreement (the Canada-Colombia Free Trade Agreement) at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meeting.
20098 JanuaryColombian drug lord and head of the Caqueta cartel Leonidas Vargas is murdered inside a hospital. his brother(Héctor Fabio Vargas) and his girlfriend (Colombian actress Liliana Andrea Lozano) were tortured and murdered [60] in Pradera, Colombia. [61]
Recognition of same-sex unions in Colombia is achieved by rule of the Constitutional Court
11 JanuaryReports of mass murders of Awá (kwaiker) indigenous people by FARC guerrilla
FebruaryColombia has extended its existing tobacco control regulations by a smoking ban requiring all indoor work places and public places be immediately smoke-free, prohibiting tobacco advertising, promotions and sponsorship
Februarythe fossils of 28 individual Titanoboa cerrejonensis , the largest snake ever discovered, were announced to have been found in the coal mines of Cerrejón in La Guajira, Colombia. [62]
MarchThe Álvarez incest case was uncovered when 59-year-old Arcedio Álvarez was arrested in Mariquita, Colombia, accused of sexually abusing his now 30-year-old daughter Alba Nidia Álvarez since the age of 9. [63] The daughter also gave birth to 11 children, three of whom died. [64]
Marchthe Colombian government enacted a mandate to introduce E85 flexible-fuel vehicles
15 March Luis Carlos Sarmiento Angulo gets ranked in the Forbes list of world billionaires. [65]
AprilThe Colombian armed forces launched Strategic Leap, [66] an offensive in borders areas where the FARC's forces has still a strong military presence, especially in Arauca, near the Venezuelan border. [67]
AprilColombian drug lord Daniel Rendón Herrera alias Don "Mario" is captured while hiding in a jungle. [68]
13 May Vallenato composer and troubadour Rafael Escalona dies due to heart failure. [69]
14 MayDuring his visit to Colombia, the Czech Republic Prime Minister Mirek Topolánek negotiated a possible sale of Aero L-159 Alca combat aircraft with Colombian President Álvaro Uribe. [70] [71]
June Clara Guerrero wins Women's World Championship World Ranking Masters
July 2009The Colombian government claimed that AT4 anti-tank rockets manufactured by Saab Bofors Dynamics of Sweden, which were later purchased by Venezuela were being used by the FARC. In response, President Chavez ordered most staff members of the embassy in Colombia to return to Venezuela, including the ambassador. Only the "lowest functionaries" were left to staff the embassy. [72]
18 July Ricardo Londoño, Colombia's first Formula One driver is murdered in the north Colombian Córdoba Department.
8 AugustCuban artist Tania Bruguera sets a controversial performance in the National University of Colombia (Bogotá branch), included consumption of cocaine [73] provided by the artist to the attendants. [74] [75]
30 AugustPresident Álvaro Uribe had contracted the AH1N1 flu virus, becoming the second head of state to do so (the first being Óscar Arias). [76]
11 SeptemberA group of eradicators of Coca crops near the village of La Gabarra, Municipality of Tibú, Norte de Santander is attacked by guerrilla forces with a donkey with bombs attached to it. 2 people deceased [77]

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Further reading