|Leader|| Donald Tusk PEC (PL)|
Jean-Claude Juncker PEC (LU)
|President||Joseph Daul (FR)|
|Group leader||Manfred Weber MEP (DE)|
|Secretary-General||Antonio López-Istúriz White MEP (ES)|
|Founded||8 July 1976|
|Headquarters||Rue du Commerce/Handelsstraat 10, 1000 — Brussels, Belgium|
|Think tank||Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies|
|Student wing||European Democrat Students|
|Youth wing||Youth of the European People's Party|
|Women's wing||Women of the European People's Party|
|Ideology|| Conservatism |
|International affiliation|| Centrist Democrat International, |
International Democrat Union
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
182 / 751
9 / 28
|European Lower Houses|
2,199 / 9,874
|European Upper Houses|
569 / 2,714
The European People's Party (EPP) is a European political party with conservativeand liberal-conservative member parties. A transnational organisation, it is composed of other political parties, not individuals. Founded by primarily Christian democratic parties in 1976, it has since broadened its membership to include liberal-conservative parties and parties with other centre-right political perspectives.
A European political party is a type of political party organisation operating transnationally in Europe and in the institutions of the European Union. They are regulated and funded by the European Union and are usually made up of national parties, not individuals. Europarties have the exclusive right to campaign during the European elections and express themselves within the European Parliament by their affiliated political groups and their MEPs. Europarties, through coordination meetings with their affiliated heads of state and government, influence the decision-making process of the European Council. Europarties also work closely and co-ordinate with their affiliated members of the European Commission and, according to the Lisbon Treaty the Europarty that wins the European elections has the right to nominate to the European Council its candidate for President of the European Commission.
Liberal conservatism is a political ideology combining conservative policies with liberal stances, especially on economic, social and ethical issues, or a brand of political conservatism strongly influenced by liberalism.
Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in 19th-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching as well as Neo-Calvinism. Christian democratic political ideology advocates for a commitment to social market principles and qualified interventionism. It was conceived as a combination of modern democratic ideas and traditional Christian values, incorporating the social teachings espoused by the Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, and Pentecostal traditions in various parts of the world. After World War II, the Protestant and Catholic movements of the Social Gospel and Neo-Thomism, respectively, played a role in shaping Christian democracy. Christian democracy continues to be influential in Europe and Latin America, although it is also present in other parts of the world.
The EPP has been the largest party in the European Parliament since 1999 and in the European Council since 2002. It is also by far the largest party in the current European Commission. The President of the European Council, President of the European Commission and the President of the European Parliament are all from the EPP. Many of the Founding fathers of the European Union were also from parties that later formed the EPP. Outside the EU the party also controls a majority in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The EPP has alternated with its centre-left rival the Party of European Socialists (PES) as the largest European political party and parliamentary group.
The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the European Commission and the Council of the European Union it exercises the tripartite legislative function of the European Union. The Parliament is composed of 751 members (MEPs), intended to become 705 starting from the 2019–2024 legislature because of specific provisions adopted about Brexit, who represent the second-largest democratic electorate in the world and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world.
The European Council is a collective body that defines the European Union's overall political direction and priorities. It comprises the heads of state or government of the EU member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission. The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy also takes part in its meetings. Established as an informal summit in 1975, the European Council was formalised as an institution in 2009 upon the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon. Its current president is Donald Tusk, former Prime Minister of Poland. Charles Michel, current Belgian Prime Minister is President-Elect, taking office on 1 December 2019.
The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU. Commissioners swear an oath at the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg City, pledging to respect the treaties and to be completely independent in carrying out their duties during their mandate. Unlike in the Council of the European Union, where members are directly and indirectly elected, and the European Parliament, where members are directly elected, the Commissioners are proposed by the Council of the European Union, on the basis of suggestions made by the national governments, and then appointed by the European Council after the approval of the European Parliament.
The EPP includes major centre-right parties such as the CDU/CSU of Germany, The Republicans of France, CD&V of Belgium, KDU-ČSL of the Czech Republic, Fine Gael of Ireland, New Democracy of Greece, Forza Italia of Italy, the People's Party (PP) of Spain, the Social Democratic Party of Portugal, the Civic Platform of Poland, and Fidesz of Hungary.
CDU/CSU, unofficially the Union parties or the Union, is the centre-right Christian democratic political alliance of two political parties in Germany, namely the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) and Christian Social Union in Bavaria (CSU).
Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.
The Republicans is a centre-right, gaullist, conservative political party in France.
According to its website, the EPP is "the family of the political centre-right, whose roots run deep in the history and civilisation of the European continent, and [which] has pioneered the European project from its inception".
The EPP was founded in Luxembourg on 8 July 1976 on the initiative of Jean Seitlinger; Leo Tindemans, then Prime Minister of Belgium, who became the first President of the EPP; and Wilfried Martens, who later became both President of the EPP and Prime Minister of Belgium. It had been preceded by the Secretariat International des partis démocratiques d'inspiration chrétienne , founded in 1925,the Nouvelles Equipes Internationales , founded in 1946 (or 1948), and the European Union of Christian Democrats, founded in 1965.
Jean Seitlinger was a French politician who was a member of the National Assembly of France. He represented the Moselle's 5th constituency from 1958 to 1997, with interruptions. From 1979 - 1984 he was a member of the European Parliament.
Leonard Clemence "Leo" Tindemans was a Belgian politician. He served as the 43rd Prime Minister of Belgium serving from 25 April 1974 until he resigned as minister on 20 October 1978. He was a member of the Christian Democratic and Flemish party.
The Prime Minister of Belgium or the Premier of Belgium is the head of the federal government of Belgium, and the most powerful person in Belgian politics.
In the late 1990s the Finnish politician Sauli Niinistö negotiated the merger of the European Democrat Union (EDU), of which he was President, into the EPP. In October 2002 the EDU ceased its activities after being formally absorbed by the EPP at a special event in Estoril, Portugal. In recognition of his efforts Niinistö was elected Honorary President of the EPP the same year.
Sauli Väinämö Niinistö is a Finnish politician and the 12th President of Finland, in office since 2012.
The European Democrat Union (EDU) is one of the three European wings of the International Democrat Union, along with the European People's Party (EPP) and the Alliance of European Conservatives and Reformists (AECR). Its members include Christian democratic, liberal conservative, and conservative political parties. It is only a nominal sub-entity of the IDU, since it ceased its activities in 2002.
The EPP has had five Presidents:
During its Congress in Bucharest in 2012 the EPP updated its political platform after 20 years (since its Congress in Athens in 1992) and approved a political manifesto in which it summarised its main values and policies.
The manifesto highlights:
The manifesto also describes the EPP's priorities for the EU, including:
As a central part of its campaign for the European elections in 2009 the EPP approved its election manifesto at its Congress in Warsaw in April that year. The manifesto called for:
Controversy over the right-wing politics of the Hungarian Fidesz-leader Viktor Orbán caused a split in the EPP in the run-up of the 2019 European Parliament election.On the one hand the EPP had been reluctant for years to address Fidesz's stance against the rule of law, expressed by the Article 7 proceedings of the European Parliament. On the other hand European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker, a prominent EPP-member, stated “I believe his [Fidesz’s] place is not in the European People’s Party”. Orbán’s campaigns targeting billionaire George Soros and Jean-Claude Juncker carried wide reverberations for Europe questioning the EPP’s effort to install its lead candidate Manfred Weber as the next Commission president.
After years of deferring a decision about the Fidesz issue,the EPP was eventually compelled to address the problem two months before the 2019 European elections, as 13 outraged member parties requested the Hungarian party's exclusion from the EPP due to its billboard campaign featuring Jean-Claude Juncker. 190 of the 193 EPP delegates decided on 20 March 2019 to partially suspend Fidesz membership. According to this, Fidesz is "until further notice" excluded from EPP meetings and internal elections, but remains in the European People's Party group of the European Parliament. Fidesz has not delivered on its earlier promise to leave the EPP in case of a penalty.
The EPP operates as an international non-profit association under Belgian law according to its by-laws, the Statutes of the European People's Party (Statuts du Parti Populaire Européen), originally adopted 29 April 1976.
The Presidency is the executive body of the party. It decides on the general political guidelines of the EPP and presides over its Political Assembly. The Presidency is composed of the President, ten Vice-Presidents, the Honorary Presidents, the Secretary General and the Treasurer. The Chairperson of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the Presidents of the Commission, the Parliament and the Council, and the High Representative (if they are a member of an EPP member party) are all ex officio Vice-Presidents.
As of 2015 the Presidencyof the EPP comprised:
The Political Assembly defines the political positions of the EPP between Congresses, and decides on membership applications, political guidelines and the budget. The Political Assembly is composed of designated delegates from EPP member parties, associated parties, member associations and other affiliated groups. The Political Assembly meets at least three times a year.
The Congress is the highest decision-making body of the EPP. It is composed of delegates from member parties, EPP associations, EPP Group MEPs, the EPP Presidency, national heads of party and government, and European Commissioners who belong to a member party, with the numbers of delegates being weighted according to the EPP's share of MEPs, and individual delegates being elected by member parties according to member parties' rules.
Under the EPP's statutes the Congress must meet once every three years, but it also meets normally during the years of elections for the European Parliament (every five years), and extraordinary Congresses have also been summoned. The Congress elects the EPP Presidency every three years, decides on the main policy documents and electoral programmes, and provides a platform for the EPP's heads of government and party leaders.
EPP leaders meet for the EPP Summit a few hours before each meeting of the European Council in order to formulate common positions. Invitations are sent by the EPP President and attendees include, besides the members of the EPP's Presidency, all Presidents and Prime Ministers who are members of the European Council and belong to the EPP; the Presidents of the European Parliament, the European Commission and the European Council, as well as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs, provided that they belong to the EPP; Deputy Prime Ministers or other ministers in those cases where the Prime Minister of a country does not belong to an EPP member party; and, where no EPP member party is part of a government, the leaders of the main EPP opposition party.
Following the pattern of the EPP Summit the party also organises regular EPP Ministerial meetings before each meeting of the Council of the European Union, with ministers, deputy ministers, secretaries of state and MEPs in the specific policy field attending:
The EPP also organises working groups on different issues and on an ad hoc basis, as well as meetings with its affiliated members in the European Commission. It also invites individual Commissioners to the EPP Summit meetings and to EPP Ministerial meetings.
Following amendments to the EU Regulation that governs Europarties in 2007, the EPP, like the other "Europarties", is responsible for organising a pan-European campaign for the European elections every five years. According to the Lisbon Treaty, the parties must present candidates for President of the European Commission, but the EPP had already done this by endorsing Jose Manuel Barroso for a second term in April 2009.
The year 2014 saw the first fully fledged campaign of the EPP ahead of the European elections of that year. The party nominated former Luxembourgish Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker as its candidate for President of the European Commission and led a pan-European campaign in coordination with the national campaigns of all its member parties.
The EPP holds the Presidencies of two of the three main EU institutions: the European Commission, led by President Jean-Claude Juncker (CSV), and the European Council, led by Donald Tusk (PO), who has been nominated by the EPP and took office 1 December 2014.
|Organisation||Institution||Number of seats|
172 / 751
|Committee of the Regions|
125 / 350
14 / 28
| European Council |
(Heads of Government)
9 / 28
| Council of the European Union |
(Participation in Government)
12 / 28
In 2014 the EPP nominated Jean-Claude Juncker as its candidate for election as President of the European Commission. As the EPP won the 2014 European Parliament election, Juncker's nomination was endorsed by the European Council and he was elected by an absolute majority in the European Parliament. On 1 November 2014 the Juncker Commission officially took office. It includes 14 EPP officeholders out of 28 European Commissioners.
|Jyrki Katainen||Vice-President European Commissioner for Industry and Entrepreneurship||KO|
|Elżbieta Bieńkowska||Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs||PO|
|Valdis Dombrovskis||European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro||Unity|
|Marianne Thyssen||European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility||CD&V|
|Tibor Navracsics||European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Youth and Sport||Fidesz|
|Miguel Arias Cañete||European Commissioner for Climate Action and Energy||PP|
|Kristalina Georgieva||Vice-President European Commissioner for the Budget and Human Resources||GERB|
|Günther Oettinger||European Commissioner for Digital Economy and Society||CDU|
|Johannes Hahn||European Commissioner for European Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations||ÖVP|
|Phil Hogan||European Commissioner for Agriculture and Rural Development||FG|
|Carlos Moedas||European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation||PPD-PSD|
|Christos Stylianides||European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management||DISY|
|Dimitris Avramopoulos||European Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship||New Democracy|
The EPP has the largest group in the European Parliament: the EPP Group. As of 2015 it has 216 Members of the European Parliament and its chairman is the German MEP Manfred Weber.
In every election for the European Parliament candidates elected on lists of member parties of the EPP are obliged to join the EPP Group in the European Parliament.
The EPP Group holds six of the fourteen vice-presidencies of the European Parliament.
The EPP has 8 out of the 28 heads of state or government attending the EPP summits in preparation for the European Council (as of 1 July 2018):
|Member state||Representative||Title||Political party||Member of the Council since||Portrait|
|Boyko Borissov||Prime Minister||GERB||7 November 2014|
|Andrej Plenković||Prime Minister||HDZ||19 October 2016|
|Nicos Anastasiades||President||DISY||28 February 2013|
|Angela Merkel||Chancellor||CDU||22 November 2005|
|Viktor Orbán||Prime Minister||Fidesz||29 May 2010|
|Leo Varadkar||Taoiseach||Fine Gael||22 June 2017|
|Klaus Iohannis||President||PNL||21 December 2014|
The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally take part in the European Council or EPP summits since that responsibility belongs to the other leaders of their countries: János Áder (Hungary, Fidesz), Sauli Niinistö (Finland, KOK).
|Country||Institution||Number of seats|
| National Council |
50 / 183
| Federal Council |
22 / 62
| Chamber of Representatives |
27 / 150
| Senate |
12 / 60
95 / 240
55 / 151
|House of Representatives|
18 / 56
| Chamber of Deputies |
23 / 200
| Senate |
34 / 81
6 / 179
12 / 101
38 / 200
| National Assembly |
100 / 577
| Senate |
142 / 348
310 / 630
158 / 300
131 / 199
| Dáil |
50 / 166
| Seanad |
19 / 60
| Chamber of Deputies |
106 / 630
| Senate |
65 / 315
8 / 100
31 / 141
|Chamber of Deputies|
23 / 60
|House of Representatives|
28 / 69
| House of Representatives |
19 / 150
| Senate |
12 / 75
| Sejm |
152 / 460
| Senate |
33 / 100
|Assembly of the Republic|
107 / 230
| Chamber of Deputies |
108 / 329
| Senate |
47 / 136
11 / 150
25 / 90
| Congress of Deputies |
66 / 350
| Senate |
74 / 266
92 / 349
| House of Commons |
0 / 650
| House of Lords |
0 / 793
Through its associate and observer parties the EPP has one head of state or government in non-EU countries:
|State||Representatives||Title||Political party||In power since||Portrait|
|Erna Solberg||Prime Minister||Høyre||16 October 2013|
|Šefik Džaferović||Bosniak Member of the Presidency||SDA||20 November 2018|
|Maia Sandu||Prime Minister||PAS||8 June 2019|
The EPP also has other heads of state or government who do not normally attend the meetings, since the other leaders of their countries attend instead. They include Prime Minister Denis Zvizdić (Bosnia-Herzegovina, SDA) and President Gjorge Ivanov (Republic of North Macedonia, VMRO-DPMNE).
The Group of the EPP in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe defends freedom of expression and information, as well as freedom of movement of ideas and religious tolerance. It promotes the principle of subsidiarity and local autonomy, as well as the defence of national, social and other minorities. The EPP/CD Group is led by Pedro Agramunt, a member of the Spanish Popular Party.
The EPP/CD group also includes members from parties that are not related to the EPP itself, including members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Progressive Citizens' Party (Liechtenstein), the National and Democratic Union (Monaco) and the Serbian Progressive Party.
The "EPP and like-minded Group" in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the most active political group in that body. The Group meets on a regular basis and promotes the EPP's positions. The members of the EPP Group also participate in the election-monitoring missions of the OSCE.
The Group is chaired by Walburga Habsburg Douglas (Sweden), and its Vice-Presidents are Consiglio Di Nino (Canada), Vilija Aleknaitė Abramikiene (Lithuania), Laura Allegrini (Italy) and George Tsereteli (Georgia).
The Group also includes members of parties not related to the EPP, accounting for the "like-minded" part of its name. Among them are members of the Patriotic Union (Liechtenstein), the Union for the Principality (Monaco), the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom, the Conservative Party of Canada and the Republican Party of the United States.
The EPP is also present and active in the Parliamentary Assembly of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and forms the "EPP and Associated Members" Group there. It is led by the German CDU politician Karl Lamers, who is also the current President of the Assembly. The Group also includes members of the Conservative Party of Canada and the Republican Party of the United States.
The EPP has close relations with the International Republican Institute (IRI), an organisation funded by the U.S. government specially to promote democracy and democratisation. The EPP and the IRI cooperate within the framework of the European Partnership Initiative.
The EPP's late President, Wilfried Martens, endorsed Senator John McCain, the Republican nominee for president, in the presidential election in 2008McCain is also Chairman of the IRI. In 2011 Martens and McCain made joint press statements expressing their concern about the state of democracy in Ukraine.
The EPP is the European wing of two global centre-right organisations, the International Democrat Union (IDU) and the Christian Democrat International (CDI).
Following the revision in 2007 of the EU Regulation that governs European political parties, allowing the creation of European foundations affiliated to Europarties, the EPP established in the same year its official foundation/think tank, the Centre for European Studies (CES). The CES includes as members all the major national think tanks and foundations affiliated to EPP member parties: the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (CDU), the Hanns Seidel Foundation (CSU), the Foundation for Analysis and Social Studies (PP), the Constantinos Karamanlis Institute for Democracy (ND), the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation (MOD), the Political Academy of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) and others. During the European Parliament election campaign in 2009 the CES launched a web-based campaign module, tellbarroso.eu, to support Jose Manuel Barroso, the EPP's candidate for re-election as Commission President.
In 2014, to honour Wilfried Martens - the late President of the EPP who was also President of the CES - the CES changed its name to Wilfried Martens Centre for European Studies or Martens Centre.
The current President of the Martens Centre is former Slovak Prime Minister Mikuláš Dzurinda.
The Budapest-based Robert Schuman Institute and the Luxembourg-based Robert Schuman Foundation are also affiliated with the European People's Party.[ citation needed ]
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The EPP is linked to several specific associations that focus on specific groups and organise seminars, forums, publications and other activities.
SME Europe is the official business organisation of the EPP, and serves as a network for pro-business politicians and political organisations. Its main objective is to shape EU policy in a more SME-friendly way in close cooperation with the SME Circle of the EPP Group in the European Parliament, the DG Enterprise and the pro-business organisations of the EPP's member parties. Its top priorities are to reform the legal framework for SMEs all over Europe, and to promote and support the interests of small and medium-sized enterprises. SME Europe was founded in May 2012 by three Members of the European Parliament, Paul Rübig, Nadezhda Neynsky and Bendt Bendtsen.
European Democrat Students (EDS) is now the official students’ organisation of the EPP, though it was founded in 1961, 15 years before the EPP itself. Led by Virgilio Falco, EDS has 40 member organisations, representing nearly 1,600,000 students and young peoplein 31 countries, including Belarus and Georgia. Every year EDS hosts Summer and Winter "universities", and several seminars. It also regularly publishes a magazine, Bullseye, and organises topical campaigns.
Founded in Madrid in 1995 and led by Ann Hermans of the CD&V, the European Senior Union (ESU) is the largest political senior citizens’ organisation in Europe. The ESCU is represented in 26 states with 45 organisations and about 500,000 members.
The European Union of Christian Democratic Workers (EUCDW) is the labour organisation of the EPP, with 24 member organisations in 18 different countries. As the officially recognised EPP association of workers, the EUCDW is led by Elmar Brok, MEP. It aims at the political unification of a democratic Europe, the development of the EPP on the basis of Christian social teaching, and the defence of workers' interests in European policy-making.
The Women of the European People’s Party (EPP Women) is recognised by the EPP as the official association of women from all like-minded political parties of Europe. EPP Women has more than 40 member organisations from countries of the European Union and beyond. All of them are women‘s organisations of political parties that are members of the EPP. EPP Women is led by Doris Pack.
The Youth of the European People’s Party (YEPP), led by Lídia Pereira, is the EPP‘s official youth organisation. It has 64 member organisations, bringing together between one and two million young people in 40 countries.
Within the EPP there are three kinds of member organisations: full members, associate members and observers. Full members are parties from EU states. They have absolute rights to vote in all the EPP's organs and on all matters. Associate members have the same voting rights as full members except for matters concerning the EU's structure or policies. These associate membres are parties from EU candidate countries and EFTA countries. Observer parties can participate in all the activities of the EPP, and attend the Congresses and Political Assemblies, but they do not have any voting rights.
A special status of "supporting member" is granted by the Presidency to individuals and associations. Although they do not have voting rights, they can be invited by the President to attend meetings of certain organs of the party. Three EU Commissioners, Dacian Cioloș, Kristalina Georgieva and Andris Piebalgs, are members of the EPP even though they do not belong to any national member party.
|Country||Party name||Abbr.||Legislature lower house seats||Legislature upper house Seats||Status|
| Austrian People's Party |
61 / 183
22 / 61
| Christian Democratic and Flemish |
Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams
18 / 150
8 / 60
| Humanist Democratic Centre |
Centre démocrate humaniste
9 / 150
4 / 60
| Citizens for the European Development of Bulgaria |
Граждани за европейско развитие на България
Grazhdani za evropeĭsko razvitie na Bŭlgariya
95 / 240
| Democrats for a Strong Bulgaria |
Демократи за силна България
Demokrati za silna Bălgarija
0 / 240
| Union of Democratic Forces |
Съюз на демократичните сили
Sayuz na demokratichnite sili
0 / 240
| Democratic Party |
0 / 240
| Movement "Bulgaria of the Citizens" |
Движение „България на гражданите“
Dvizhenie „Bulgariya na grazhdanite“
0 / 240
| Croatian Democratic Union |
Hrvatska demokratska zajednica
55 / 151
| Democratic Rally |
18 / 56
7 / 200
2 / 81
| Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party |
Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová
10 / 200
16 / 81
| Conservative People's Party |
Det Konservative Folkeparti
6 / 179
| Christian Democrats |
0 / 179
| Pro Patria |
12 / 101
| National Coalition Party |
38 / 200
| The Republicans |
112 / 577
144 / 348
| Christian Democratic Union |
Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands
200 / 709
| Christian Social Union in Bavaria |
Christlich-Soziale Union in Bayern
46 / 709
| New Democracy |
158 / 300
| Christian Democratic People's Party |
16 / 199
50 / 158
19 / 60
104 / 630
61 / 315
| Popular Alternative |
2 / 630
1 / 315
| Union of the Centre |
Unione di Centro
0 / 630
3 / 315
| Populars for Italy |
Popolari per l'Italia
0 / 630
0 / 315
| New Unity |
8 / 100
| Homeland Union – Lithuanian Christian Democrats |
Tėvynės sąjunga – Lietuvos krikščionys demokratai
31 / 141
| Christian Social People's Party |
Chrëschtlech Sozial Vollekspartei
Parti populaire chrétien social
Christlich Soziale Volkspartei
23 / 60
| Nationalist Party |
28 / 67
| Christian Democratic Appeal |
19 / 150
12 / 75
| Civic Platform |
136 / 460
33 / 100
| Polish People's Party |
Polskie Stronnictwo Ludowe
15 / 460
0 / 100
| Social Democratic Party |
Partido Social Democrata
89 / 230
| Democratic and Social Centre - People's Party |
Centro Democrático e Social – Partido Popular
18 / 230
| National Liberal Party |
Partidul Național Liberal
69 / 329
30 / 136
| Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania |
Romániai Magyar Demokrata Szövetség
Uniunea Democrată Maghiară din România
21 / 329
9 / 136
| People's Movement Party |
Partidul Mișcarea Populară
18 / 329
8 / 136
| Christian Democratic Movement |
0 / 150
15 / 150
| Party of the Hungarian Community |
Magyar Közösség Pártja
Strana maďarskej komunity
0 / 150
| Slovenian Democratic Party |
Slovenska demokratska stranka
25 / 90
| Slovenian People's Party |
Slovenska ljudska stranka
0 / 90
| New Slovenia–Christian Democrats |
Nova Slovenija – Krščanski demokrati
7 / 90
| People's Party |
66 / 350
74 / 266
| Moderate Party |
70 / 349
| Christian Democrats |
22 / 349
The European People's Party group is the political group in the European Parliament consisting of deputies (MEPs) from the member parties of the European People's Party (EPP), other unaffiliated national parties and independent deputies. In this respect, there is a distinction between the European People's Party itself and the EPP Group in the European Parliament, which is not limited to deputies that belong to EPP's member parties. The EPP mostly comprises politicians of Christian democratic, conservative and liberal-conservative orientation.
The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union. The President of the Commission leads a cabinet of Commissioners, referred to as the college, collectively accountable to the European Parliament. The President is empowered to allocate portfolios amongst, reshuffle or dismiss Commissioners as necessary. The college directs the Commission's civil service, sets the policy agenda and determines the legislative proposals it produces.
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Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance is a national-conservative, right-wing populist political party in Hungary.
Viktor Mihály Orbán is a Hungarian politician who has been Prime Minister of Hungary since 2010; he was also Prime Minister from 1998 to 2002. He has also been President of Fidesz, a national conservative political party, since 1993, with a brief break between 2000 and 2003.
The President of the European Parliament presides over the debates and activities of the European Parliament. They also represent the Parliament within the EU and internationally. The president's signature is required for enacting most EU laws and the EU budget.
The Hungarian Democratic Forum was a centre-right political party in Hungary. It had a Hungarian nationalist, national-conservative, Christian-democratic ideology. The party was represented continuously in the National Assembly from the restoration of democracy in 1990 until 2010. It was dissolved on 8 April 2011.
The National Liberal Party is a conservative-liberal political party in Romania. Refounded in 1990, it claims the legacy of the major political party of the same name, active between 1875 and the late 1940s in the Kingdom of Romania. Based on this legacy, it often presents itself as the first formally constituted political party in the country and the oldest party from the family of European liberal parties.
The political groups of the European Parliament are the parliamentary groups of the European Parliament. The European Parliament is unique among supranational assemblies in that its members (MEPs) organise themselves into ideological groups as in traditional national legislatures. The members of other supranational assemblies form national groups. The political groups of the European Parliament are usually the formal representation of a European political party in the Parliament. In other cases, they are political coalitions of a number of European parties, national parties, and independent politicians.
Hans-Gert Pöttering is a German conservative politician, and was the President of the European Parliament from January 2007 to July 2009.
Manfred Weber is a German politician who has served as Leader of the European People's Party in the European Parliament since 2014. He has been a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Germany since 2004. He is a member of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria, part of the European People's Party.
László Surján (born 7 September 1941 in Kolozsvár, is a Hungarian politician and Member of the European Parliament with the FIDESZ from 2004 to 2014.
The Movement for European Reform, abbreviated to MER, was a pan-European alliance of national centre-right political parties with conservative, pro-free market and Eurosceptic inclinations. It consisted of the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom and the Civic Democratic Party of the Czech Republic.
The Centrist Democrat International is a Christian democratic political international. Until 2001, it was known as the Christian Democrat International (CDI) and before 1999 as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International. It was formed in 1961 in Santiago, Chile as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian Democrat internationals who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way alternative to the socialist internationals. In 1982, it was renamed for the first time to Christian Democrat International. The name was officially changed due to the participation of groups of various faiths. It is the global international political group dedicated to the promotion of Christian democracy. Although it gathers parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America. Some of them are also members of the International Democrat Union (IDU), although the CDI is closer to the political centre and more communitarian than the IDU.
From 22 to 25 May 2014, elections to the European Parliament were held in the European Union.
Esther de Lange is a Dutch politician serving as a Member of the European Parliament since 2007. A member of the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA), part of the European People's Party, she was elected as CDA Leader in the European Parliament during a party conference on 2 November 2013 in Leeuwarden.
The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) is the political group in the European Parliament of the Party of European Socialists (PES). The Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats was officially founded as a Socialist Group on 29 June 1953 which makes it the second oldest political group in the European Parliament after the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group (ALDE). It adopted its present-day name on 23 June 2009. Centre-left in orientation, the group mostly comprises social-democratic parties and is affiliated with the Progressive Alliance.
The European Parliament election, 2014 for the election of the delegation from Hungary to the European Parliament was held on 25 May 2014.
The Juncker Commission is the European Commission in office since 1 November 2014 and is due to serve until 2019. Its president is Jean-Claude Juncker, who presides over 27 other commissioners. In July 2014, Juncker was officially elected to succeed José Manuel Barroso, who completed his second five-year term in that year.
The European Parliament election, 2019 for the election of the delegation from Hungary to the European Parliament was held on the 26th of May 2019, electing the 21 members of the Hungary delegation to the European Parliament as part of the European elections held across the European Union.
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