List of battles by casualties

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The following is a list of the casualties count in battles in world history. The list includes both sieges (not technically battles but usually yielding similar combat-related deaths) and civilian casualties during the battles. Large battle casualty counts are almost impossible to calculate precisely. Many of these figures are estimates, and, where possible, a range of estimates is presented. Figures display numbers of all types of casualties when available (killed, wounded, missing, and sick) but may only include number killed. Where possible, the list specifies whether or not prisoners are included in the count. This list does not include bombing runs (such as the attack on Pearl Harbor and the bombing of Tokyo) or massacres such as the Rape of Nanking, which, despite potentially massive casualties, are not typically classified as "battles", since they are usually one-sided engagements or the nation attacked is not officially at war with the attackers. Tactical or strategic strikes, however, may form part of larger engagements which are themselves battles.

Contents

Classical formation battles

These refer to battles in which armies met on a single field of battle and fought each other for anywhere from one to several days. Military formations lost their impact and the use of this type of battle died out in favor of grander military operations.

BattleYearConflictCasualties
Battle of Thymbra 547 BC Lydian–Persian War 100,000 [1]
Battle of Marathon 490 BC Greco-Persian Wars 5,000–8,000 [2]
Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC Greco-Persian Wars 22,300 [3] –22,500 [4]
Battle of Plataea 479 BC Greco-Persian War 51,500 [4] –257,000 [3]
Battle of Chaeronea 338 BC Rise of Macedon 1,000 [5] -4,000
Battle of the Granicus 334 BC Wars of Alexander the Great Around 7,000 [6]
Battle of Issus 333 BC Wars of Alexander the Great 20,000-40,000 [7]
Battle of Gaugamela 331 BC Wars of Alexander the Great 53,500 [8]
Battle of the Hydaspes 326 BC Wars of Alexander the Great 23,310 [8]
Battle of Sentinum 295 BC Third Samnite War 69,420 [9]
Battle of Heraclea 280 BC Pyrrhic War 11,000–26,000 [9]
Battle of Kalinga 262 BC Kalinga-Maurya Empire 150,000 [10] –200,000 [11] [12] (including civilians)
Battle of Changping 260 BC Qin's wars of unification 700,000 (according to ancient sources)
Battle of the Trebia 218 BC Second Punic War 35,000 [13]
Battle of Lake Trasimene 217 BC Second Punic War 30,000 [13]
Battle of Cannae 216 BC Second Punic War 56,000 [14] –92,000 or more [15]
Battle of the Metaurus 207 BC Second Punic War 12,000 [16]
Battle of Zama 202 BC Second Punic War 21,500 [16]
Battle of Magnesia 190 BC Roman–Seleucid War 53,350 [17]
Battle of Pydna 168 BC Third Macedonian War 21,000 [17]
Battle of Arausio 105 BC Germanic Wars (Cimbrian War)84,000 [18] [19] [20]
Battle of Carrhae 53 BC Roman–Persian Wars 24,000 [21]
Siege of Alesia 52 BC Gallic Wars 100,000–150,000
Battle of Pharsalus 48 BC Caesar's Civil War 17,000 [22]
Battle of Philippi 42 BC Liberators' civil war 24,000
Battle of Actium 31 BC Final War of the Roman Republic 7,500 or more
Battle of the Teutoburg Forest 9 AD Roman–Germanic wars 20,000 [23]
Battle of Watling Street 61 AD Iceni Revolt 80,400 [24]
Battle of Mons Graupius 84 AD Roman conquest of Britain 10,360 [25]
Battle of Red Cliffs 208 Three Kingdoms 100,000 [26]
Battle of Edessa 260 Roman–Persian Wars 50,000 or more
Battle of Adrianople 378 Gothic War 40,000 or more [27]
Battle of Fei River 383 Wu Hu Era 150,000 or more [28]
Battle of the Catalaunian Plains 451 Hunnic Invasion 165,000 (doubtful, according to one ancient source) [29]
Battle of Salsu 612 Goguryeo–Sui War 302,300 [30]
Battle of al-Qadisiyyah 636 Muslim conquest of Persia 31,000 [31]
Battle of Muzayyah 633 Muslim conquest of Persia 10,000
Battle of Ullais 633 Muslim conquest of Persia 35,000 [32]
Battle of River 633 Muslim conquest of Persia More than 15,000 [33]
Battle of Walaja 636 Muslim conquest of Persia 22,000 [34]
Battle of Nahavand 642 Muslim conquest of Persia 28,500 [35]
Battle of Yarmouk 636 Muslim conquest of the Levant 70,000 [36]
Battle of Gwiju 1019 Third conflict in the Goryeo–Khitan War 90,000+.
Battle of Nhu Nguyet river 1077 Lý–Song War 150,000 [37] [38]
Battle of Didgori 1121 Georgian–Seljuk wars 210,000 [39] [ failed verification ]
Battle of Hattin 1187 Ayyubid–Crusader War 17,000–20,000 [40]
Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa 1212 Reconquista 60,000 [41]
Battle of Yehuling 1212 Mongol conquest of the Jin dynasty Around 50,000
Battle of the Kalka River 1223 Mongol invasion of Rus' Around 50,000 [42]
Battle of Legnica 1241 Mongol invasion of Poland 30,000 [43]
Battle of Mohi 1241 Mongol invasion of Europe 15,000 [44]
Third battle of Bach Dang river 1288 Mongol invasion of Vietnam 85,000 [45]
Battle of Jaran Manjur 1298 Mongol invasions of India Over 20,000
Battle of Yamen 1279 Mongol conquest of the Song dynasty 100,000
Battle of Bannockburn 1314 First War of Scottish Independence 19,000 [46]
Battle of Kulikovo 1380 List of Mongol and Tatar raids against Rus' 136,000
Battle of the Terek River 1395 Tokhtamysh–Timur war 100,000 [47]
Conquest of Delhi 1398 Timur's Indian campaign 100,000 [48] [49]
Battle of Ankara 1402 Ottoman–Timur War 15,000 or more [50]
Battle of Grunwald 1410 Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War 13,000 [51]
Battle of Agincourt 1415 Hundred Years' War 14,000[ citation needed ]
Battle of Tốt Động – Chúc Động 1426 Lam Sơn uprising 30,000 [52]
Tumu Crisis 1449 Ming–Mongol War 200,000 or more[ citation needed ]
Battle of Towton 1461 Wars of the Roses 28,000 [53]
Night Attack at Târgoviște 1462 Wallachian-Ottoman Wars 20,000 [54]
Battle of Vaslui 1475 Moldavian-Ottoman Wars 40,000 or more[ citation needed ]
Battle of Valea Albă 1476 Moldavian–Ottoman Wars 30,000 or more[ citation needed ]
Battle of Kabul 1504 Campaigns of Babur 20,000 or more [55]
Battle of Ravenna 1512 War of the League of Cambrai 13,500 [56]
Battle of Marignano 1515 War of the League of Cambrai 11,000–15,000 [57]
Battle of Ridaniya 1517 Ottoman wars in the Near East 13,000 [58]
First Battle of Panipat 1526 Mughal Conquest 20,000–50,000 [59]
Battle of Mohács 1526 Ottoman–Hungarian wars Probably 30,000 [60]
Battle of Ghaghra 1529 Mughal Conquest 13,000 [61]
Battle of Lepanto 1571 Ottoman–Venetian wars 22,566–27,566 [62]
Battle of Molodi 1572 Russo-Crimean Wars 29,000–33,000 or 100 000 [63]
Battle of Chungju 1592 Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598) 8,000–16,000 [64] 100,000 [65] [66]
Battle of Călugăreni 1595 Long War (Ottoman War) 11,000–16,000[ citation needed ]
Battle of Sacheon (1598) 1598 Japanese invasions of Korea (1592–1598) 30,000 [67]
Battle of Sekigahara 1600 Sengoku period 60,000 or less [68]
First Battle of Breitenfeld 1631 Thirty Years' War 20,000 or more [69]
Battle of Lützen 1632 Thirty Years' War 11,000–14,000 [69]
Battle of Nördlingen 1634 Thirty Years' War 17,000 [70]
Battle of the Downs 1639 Eighty Years' War 15,000 or more [71]
Second Battle of Breitenfeld 1642 Thirty Years' War 14,000 [72]
Battle of Jankau 1645 Thirty Years' War 15,500 [73]
Battle of Berestechko 1651 Khmelnytsky Uprising 30,000–40,000 [74]
Battle of Samugarh 1658 Mughal Conquest 32,000 [71]
Battle of Khajwa 1659 Mughal Conquest 20,000 [71]
Battle of Lund 1676 Scanian War 14,000 [75]
Battle of Vienna 1683 Ottoman–Habsburg wars 19,500 [76]
Battle of Bijapur 1686 [77] Mughal Conquest 17,000 [78]
Battle of Landen 1693 War of the Grand Alliance 28,000 [78]
Battle of Zenta 1697 Ottoman–Habsburg wars 30,300 [79]
Battle of Jinji 1698 Mughal Conquest 16,000 [78]
Battle of Blenheim 1704 War of the Spanish Succession 32,000 [78]
Battle of Fraustadt 1706 Great Northern War 16,500 [80]
Battle of Ramillies 1706 War of the Spanish Succession 15,600 [81]
Battle of Poltava 1709 Great Northern War 14,300 [82]
Battle of Malplaquet 1709 War of the Spanish Succession 95,000 [81]
Battle of Fontenoy 1745 War of the Austrian Succession 14,000 [83]
Battle of Leuthen 1757 Seven Years' War 11,800 [84]
Battle of Zorndorf 1758 Seven Years' War 30,000[ citation needed ]
Battle of Kunersdorf 1759 Seven Years' War 35,000 [85]
Third Battle of Panipat 1761 Marathas and Afghans 100,000; up to 200,000 (including civilian camp followers) [86] [87]
Battle of Kagul 1770 Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774) 21,000 [88]
Battle of Rạch Gầm-Xoài Mút 1785 Siamese-Vietnamese Wars 50,000 [89]
Battle of Rymnik 1789 Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792) 21,000 [90]
Battle of Arcole 1796 War of the First Coalition 11,000 [91]
Battle of Trebbia 1799 War of the Second Coalition 17,000–23,000 [92]
Battle of Novi 1799 War of the Second Coalition 19,500 [93]
Battle of Marengo 1800 War of the Second Coalition 16,400 [94]
Ulm Campaign 1805 War of the Third Coalition 62,000 [94]
Battle of Austerlitz 1805 War of the Third Coalition 45,300 [95]
Battle of Jena–Auerstedt 1806 War of the Fourth Coalition 52,000 including prisoners later killed [96]
Battle of Eylau 1807 War of the Fourth Coalition 40,000 [96]
Battle of Wagram 1809 War of the Fifth Coalition 77,000 [96] –79,000 [97]
Battle of Talavera 1809 Peninsular War 13,900 [98]
Battle of the Danube 1811 Russo-Turkish War (1806–1812) 20,000 [99]
Battle of Salamanca 1812 Peninsular War 18,800 [100]
Battle of Borodino 1812 French invasion of Russia 74,000 [101]
Battle of Berezina 1812 French invasion of Russia 60,000 [101]
Battle of Vitoria 1813 Peninsular War 13,000 [100]
Battle of Leipzig 1813 War of the Sixth Coalition 124,000 [102]
Battle of Dresden 1813 War of the Sixth Coalition 48,000 [95]
Battle of Ligny 1815 Hundred Days 28,000 [103]
Battle of Waterloo 1815 Hundred Days 47,000 or more (not including prisoners and missing) [104] [105]
Battle of Inkerman 1854 Crimean War 15,857 [106]
Battle of Shiloh 1862 American Civil War 24,000 [107]
Battle of Antietam 1862 American Civil War 23,000 [108] –26,193 [109]
Battle of Fredericksburg 1862 American Civil War 17,300 [108] –17,962 [110]
Battle of Gettysburg 1863 American Civil War 51,000 [111] [112]
Battle of Chickamauga 1863 American Civil War 34,000 [113]
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House 1864 American Civil War 30,000 [114]
Battle of Stones River 1862–63 American Civil War 24,000 [115]
Battle of Königgrätz 1866 Austro-Prussian War 47,500 [116]
Battle of Tuyutí 1866 Paraguayan War 7,000–16,000 [117]
Battle of Mars-la-Tour/Battle of Gravelotte 1870 Franco-Prussian War 34,000 [116]
Battle of Sedan 1870 Franco-Prussian War 26,000 [118]
Battle of Adwa 1896 First Italo-Ethiopian War 17,300 [119]
Battle of Binakayan-Dalahican 1896 Philippine Revolutionary War 2,000–15,000 [120]
Battle of Omdurman 1898 Mahdist War 20,430 [121]
Battle of Sakarya 1921 Greco–Turkish War of 1919–22 61,000 [122] [123]

Sieges and urban combat

This list includes sieges, as well as modern battles that were fought primarily in urban areas. Major military operations that included city fighting are listed below. The battles included here inflicted at least 50,000 casualties.

SiegeYearConflictCasualties
(High est.)
Casualties
(Low est.)
Siege of Alesia 52 BC Gallic Wars 200,000100,000
Siege of Constantinople 717–18 Arab–Byzantine wars 170,000130,000 [36]
Siege of Yongzhou 1076 Lý-Song War 140,000 [124] 78,000 [125]
Siege of Tenochtitlan 1521 Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire 240,000100,000 [126] [127]
Siege of Rhodes 1522 Ottoman wars in Europe 55,200 [58] 55,200
Siege of Chittorgarh 1567–1568 Mughal-Rajput Wars (1558-1576) 35,00040,000
Siege of Ostend 1601–04 Eighty Years' War 115,00090,000
Second Siege of Zaragoza 1808–09 Peninsular War 64,000 [128] 64,000
First Siege of Sevastopol 1854–55 Crimean War 230,000 [129] 230,000
Third Battle of Nanking 1863 Taiping Rebellion 100,000 [130] 100,000
Siege of Petersburg 1864–65 American Civil War 70,000 [131] 70,000
Battle of Gettysburg 1863 American Civil War 50,00050,000
Siege of Plevna 1877 Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878) 75,000 [132] 75,000
Siege of Port Arthur 1904–05 Russo-Japanese War 100,000 [133] 100,000
Siege of Adrianople 1912–13 First Balkan War 93,282 [134] 93,282
Battle of Taiyuan 1937 World War II 130,000 [135] 130,000
Battle of Xinkou 1937 World War II 200,000 [136] 200,000
Battle of Shanghai 1937 World War II 400,000 [137] 400,000
Battle of Wuhan 1938 World War II 540,000 [138] 540,000
First Battle of Changsha 1939 World War II 80,000+80,000+ [139]
Battle of Nanchang 1939 World War II 75,328 [140] 75,328
Battle of Dunkirk 1940 World War II 88,000 [141] 88,000
Battle of South Shanxi 1941 World War II 120,000+120,000+ [142]
Siege of Odessa 1941 World War II 133,813 [143] 133,813
Battle of Kiev 1941 World War II 700,544 [143] 700,544
Second Siege of Sevastopol 1941–42 World War II 236,437236,437
Third Battle of Changsha 1942 World War II 84,862 [144] 84,862
Battle of Stalingrad 1942–43 World War II 2,500,620 [145] 1,250,000 [146]
Battle of Changde 1943 World War II 100,000100,000 [147]
Battle of West Hubei 1943 World War II 115,830115,830 [148]
Siege of Leningrad 1941–44 World War II 5,500,000 [149] 1,117,000 [150] [151]
Warsaw Uprising 1944 World War II 200,000+200,000+ [152]
Siege of Budapest 1944–45 World War II 422,000422,000 [153]
Battle of Berlin 1945 World War II 1,298,745 [154] 1,298,745 [155]
Battle of Okinawa 1945 World War II 82,000 [156] 82,000 [156]
Battle of Manila 1945 World War II 500,000 [157] [158] 100,000 [159] [160]
Battle of the Bulge 1944–45 World War II 218,900161,370 [161]
Siege of Changchun 1948 [162] Chinese Civil War 425,000425,000 [163]
Siege of Basra 1987 Iran-Iraq War 85,00085,000

Major operations

This list includes major operations and prolonged battles or operations fought over a large area or for a long time. The duration of some operations, like the Battle of Moscow, are disputed so numbers found in various sources may differ for that reason alone.

OperationYearConflictCasualties
Ulm Campaign 1805 War of the Third Coalition 62,000
Six Days' Campaign 1814 War of the Sixth Coalition 80,000 [102]
Peninsula Campaign 1862 American Civil War 36,463 [164]
Battle of Chancellorsville 1863 American Civil War 30,000 [165] –30,500 [108]
Overland Campaign 1864 American Civil War 87,000 [166] –92,000 [128]
Appomattox Campaign 1865 American Civil War 16,500 [131]
Battle of Mukden 1905 Russo-Japanese War 160,000 [167]
Battle of Lule Burgas 1912 First Balkan War 42,162+ [168]
First Battle of Çatalca 1912 First Balkan War 22,000 [169]
Battle of Bregalnica 1913 Second Balkan War 36,620 [134]
Serbian Campaign (1914) 1914 World War I 437,361, including prisoners
Battle of the Frontiers 1914 World War I 664,191
Battle of Tannenberg 1914 World War I 145,000 [170] –160,000 [171]
Battle of Galicia 1914 World War I 645,000–700,000
First Battle of the Marne 1914 World War I 513,000 [172]
First Battle of Ypres 1914 World War I 210,000 [173]
Battle of Łódź 1914 World War I 130,000 [174]
First Battle of Champagne 1914-15 World War I 139,532
Battle of Sarikamish 1914-15 World War I 60,000—85,000 [175]
Second Battle of the Masurian Lakes 1915 World War I 216,200
Second Battle of Ypres 1915 World War I 104,208 [176] –107,000 [177]
Gallipoli Campaign 1915 World War I 503,000 [176] –552,000 [178]
Second Battle of Artois 1915 World War I 186,000 [176]
Second Battle of ChampagneThird Battle of Artois 1915 World War I 75,000 [177] –440,000 [176]
Gorlice–Tarnów Offensive 1915 World War I 300,000–1,087,000 [176]
Great Retreat (Russian) 1915 World War I 1,943,800+
Serbian Campaign (1915) 1915 World War I 331,000, including prisoners [179]
Erzurum Offensive 1916 World War I 80,000—85,000 [175]
Battle of Verdun 1916 World War I 755,000 [180] –976,000 [176]
Battle of Asiago 1916 World War I 250,000 [176]
Brusilov Offensive 1916 World War I 1,600,000 [176]
Battle of the Somme 1916 World War I 1,120,000 [181] –1,215,000 [176]
Monastir Offensive 1916 World War I 111,000 [182]
Romanian Campaign 1916–17 World War I 240,000 [176] [ dubious ] - 933,000, including prisoners
Nivelle Offensive 1917 World War I 354,000 [183]
Second Battle of the Aisne 1917 World War I 350,000-463,000
Battle of Arras 1917 World War I 278,000-288,000
Battle of Messines 1917 World War I 42,000 [184] [185]
Tenth Battle of the Isonzo 1917 World War I 200,000 [186]
Third Battle of Ypres 1917 World War I Over 585,000 [187]
Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo 1917 World War I 273,000
Battle of Caporetto 1917 World War I 60,000 [188]
Battle of Cambrai 1917 World War I 95,000 [188]
Spring Offensive 1918 World War I 1,539,000 [189]
Operation Michael 1918 World War I 494,616
Battle of the Lys 1918 World War I 204,300-228,340
Third Battle of the Aisne 1918 World War I 257,000
Second Battle of the Piave River 1918 World War I 131,494 killed and wounded, 73,729 prisoners
Second Battle of the Marne 1918 World War I 288,000 [189]
Hundred Days Offensive 1918 World War I 2,240,000 [189]
Meuse–Argonne offensive 1918 World War I 318,000
Battle of Warsaw 1920 Polish–Soviet War About 130,000, not including prisoners [190]
Invasion of Manchuria 1931 Second Sino-Japanese War 35,000 [191]
Battle of Guadalajara 1937 Spanish Civil War 12,000 [192]
Battle of Teruel 1937–38 Spanish Civil War 110,000, including prisoners [193]
Battle of the Ebro 1938 Spanish Civil War 106,500 [193]
Battle of Xuzhou 1938 World War II 130,000 [194]
1938 Yellow River Flood 1938 World War II 800,000 [195]
Battles of Khalkhin Gol 1939 Soviet–Japanese border conflicts 42,000—75,000 [196] [197]
Invasion of Poland 1939 World War II 310,000 [198]
Battle of Suixian–Zaoyang 1939 World War II 49,000 [199]
Winter Offensive 1939–40 World War II 100,000+ [200]
Operation Weserübung 1940 World War II 12,800 [198]
Battle of France 1940 World War II 469,000 [201]
Hundred Regiments Offensive 1940 Second Sino-Japanese War 62,900 [202]
Battle of Keren 1941 World War II 34,000 including over 12,600 killed
Battle of Greece 1941 World War II 46,295 dead [203]
Battle of Shanggao 1941 World War II 42,000 [204]
Battle of Crete 1941 World War II 16,007 dead [205]
Operation Barbarossa 1941 World War II 1,400,000 [206] –5,000,000 [207]
Battle of Białystok–Minsk 1941 World War II 429,886 including prisoners [208]
Battle of Smolensk (1941) 1941 World War II 595,606 killed, captured, and missing; 300,000 Soviet prisoners
Battle of Moscow 1941 World War II 1,000,000 [206]
Battle of Hong Kong 1941 World War II 18,000 including prisoners [209]
Battle of Malaya/Battle of Singapore 1941–42 World War II 143,800, and 60,000 prisoners [210]
Battle of Bataan/Battle of Corregidor 1942 World War II 30,000 killed [211]
Battle of the Kerch Peninsula 1942 World War II Over 176,000 [212]
Second Battle of Kharkov 1942 World War II 300,000 [212]
Zhejiang-Jiangxi Campaign 1942 World War II 356,000 [213]
Battle of Gazala 1942 World War II 148,000 [214]
Case Blue 1942 World War II 1,400,000
Battle of Voronezh (1942) 1942 World War II 662,847 including prisoners
Guadalcanal Campaign 1942–43 World War II 29,100 [215] –31,100 [216]
Battles of Rzhev 1942-1943 World War II 2,900,000–3,080,000
Second Battle of El Alamein 1942 World War II 39,400 [214] –82,500 [217]
Operation Iskra 1943 World War II 129,332 [218]
Battle of Kursk 1943 World War II 257,125 [219] –388,000 [220]
Allied invasion of Sicily 1943 World War II At least 36,000 killed, and over 100,000 Italian POWs [221]
Battle of Smolensk (1943) 1943 World War II 522,059
Dnieper Campaign 1943 World War II 1,582,000 (lowest est.) – 2,480,000 (highest est.)
Allied invasion of Italy 1943 World War II 17,092 killed [222]
Bougainville Campaign 1943–45 World War II 21,929 killed, and 23,571 Japanese prisoners [223]
Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive 1943–44 World War II 1,442,956
Leningrad–Novgorod Offensive 1944 World War II 385,604
Battle of Monte Cassino 1944 World War II 185,000 [224]
Battle of Narva 1944 World War II 550,000 all causes [225]
Operation Shingle 1944 World War II 52,200 killed [226]
First Jassy–Kishinev Offensive 1944 World War II 195,000 [227]
Ichi-Go 1944 World War II 1,300,000+ [228]
Battle of Normandy 1944 World War II 650,600 [229] [230] –795,400 [231] [230]
Battle of Saipan 1944 World War II 43,500 killed, including mass suicides [232]
Operation Bagration 1944 World War II 1,430,000 [233]
Falaise Pocket 1944 World War II 140,000 [234]
Second Jassy–Kishinev Offensive 1944 World War II 485,424, including prisoners [235] [236]
Operation Market Garden 1944 World War II 27,200 [237]
Battle of Hürtgen Forest 1944–45 World War II 63,000 [238]
Battle of Leyte Gulf 1944 World War II 12,000 killed [239]
Battle of the Bulge 1944–45 World War II 161,370 [161] [240] –218,900
Vistula–Oder Offensive 1945 World War II 636,191 including prisoners
Battle of Luzon 1945 World War II 332,330–345,330, including sick [241]
Battle of the Rhineland 1945 World War II 82,000 and 250,000 prisoners [242]
Battle of Iwo Jima 1945 World War II 44,821 [243] –48,700 [244]
East Prussian Offensive 1945 World War II 806,778 including prisoners
Battle of Okinawa 1945 World War II 113,920 [245] –158,400 [246]
Burma campaigns 1942–45 World War II 700,000 [247]
Battle of West Hunan 1945 World War II 50,000 [248]
Second Guangxi campaign 1945 World War II 1,000,000 [249]
Arab–Israeli War 1948–49 Arab–Israeli conflict 12,000–19,000 [250]
Liaoshen campaign 1948 Chinese Civil War 542,000, including captured [251]
Huaihai campaign 1948 Chinese Civil War 689,000, including captured [252]
Pingjin campaign 1948–49 Chinese Civil War 560,000, including captured [253]
Shanghai Campaign 1949 Chinese Civil War 213,073 [254]
Battle of Inchon 1950 Korean War 17,429 [255]
Invasion of North Korea 1950 Korean War 51,700 [256]
Battle of Chosin Reservoir 1950 Korean War 66,000
Battle of Dien Bien Phu 1954 First Indochina War 31,500, not including prisoners [257]
Tet Offensive 1968 Vietnam War 65,000 [258]
Operation OAU 1968 Nigerian Civil War 30,000 [258]
Easter Offensive 1972 Vietnam War 150,000 [258]
Operation Dawn 5 1984 Iran-Iraq War 75,000
Battle of the Marshes 1984 Iran-Iraq War 55,000

See also

Notes

  1. Grant, p. 17
  2. Krentz, Peter, The Battle of Marathon (Yale Library of Military History), Yale Univ Press, (2010) p. 98
  3. 1 2 Herodotus (440 BC). Histories .
  4. 1 2 Grant, p. 23
  5. Freewalt, Jason. "Battle Report: The Battle of Chaeronea 338 BC".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. Arrian 1.16.45 – 50
  7. "Advance to the East and the battle of Gaugamela", The Genius of Alexander the Great : in Ancient and Medieval Greek Poetry, Bloomsbury Academic, ISBN   978-0-7156-2753-2 , retrieved 22 March 2020
  8. 1 2 Grant, p. 27
  9. 1 2 Grant, p. 37
  10. Grant, p. 56
  11. Ashoka the Great (r. 272–231 BC), Edicts of Ashoka , Major Rock Edict 13.
  12. Radhakumud Mookerji (1988). Chandragupta Maurya and His Times. Motilal Banarsidass Publ. ISBN   81-208-0405-8.
  13. 1 2 Grant, p. 39
  14. Grant, p. 40
  15. Leonard Cottrell (1965). Enemy of Rome. Evans Bros. ISBN   0-237-44320-1.
  16. 1 2 Grant, p. 41
  17. 1 2 Grant, p. 31
  18. Valerius Antias (1st century BC). Manubiae.
  19. Albert A. Howard (1906). "Valerius Antias and Livy", Harvard Studies in Classical Philology17, p. 161–182.
  20. Canon Rawlinson (1877). "On the Ethnography of the Cimbri", The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland6, p. 150–158.
  21. Grant, p. 43
  22. Grant, p. 47
  23. Wells, Peter S. The Battle that stopped Rome. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. 2003, p. 187. ISBN   0-393-32643-8.
  24. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 17 February 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. Grant, p. 49
  26. Records of the Three Kingdoms ,
  27. Grant, p. 51
  28. Book of Jin ,
  29. Jordanes (22 April 1997). "The Origin and Deeds of the Goths, chapter XLI". Translated by Charles C. Mierow. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
  30. Book of Sui , Vol. 60.
  31. The Muqaddimah: An Introduction to History By Ibn Khaldūn, Franz Rosenthal, N. J.. Dawood pg, 12.
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References