It has been suggested that List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll be merged into this article. (Discuss) Proposed since May 2018.
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This list of wars by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by war. These numbers usually include the deaths of military personnel which are the direct results of battle or other military wartime actions, as well as the wartime/war-related deaths of soldiers, which are the results of war-induced epidemics, famines, atrocities, genocide, etc.
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|Conquests of Cyrus the Great||100,000+||100,000||549 BC–530 BC||Persian Empire vs. various states||Middle East||Number given is the sum of all deaths in battle recorded by writers during this time period, does not take into account civilian deaths, the actual number may be much greater.|
|Greco–Persian Wars||73,800+||73,800||499 BC–449 BC||Greece vs. Persian Empire||Greece|
|Samnite Wars||33,500+||33,500||343 BC–290 BC||Roman Republic vs. Samnites||Italy||Number given is the sum of all deaths in battle recorded by Roman writers during this time period, does not take into account civilian deaths, the actual number may be much greater.|
|Wars of Alexander the Great||142,000+||142,000||336 BC–323 BC||Macedonian Empire vs. various states||Middle East / North Africa / Central Asia / India||Number given is the sum of all deaths in battle during these wars recorded by Greek writers, does not take into account civilian deaths, the actual number may be much greater.|
|Punic Wars||1,250,000–1,850,000||1,520,691||264 BC–146 BC||Roman Republic vs. Carthaginian Empire||Western Europe / North Africa|
|First Punic War||400,000+||400,000||264 BC–241 BC||Roman Republic vs. Carthaginian Empire||Southern Europe / North Africa||– Part of the Punic Wars|
|Second Punic War||770,000+||770,000||218 BC–201 BC||Roman Republic vs. Carthaginian Empire||Western Europe / North Africa||– Part of the Punic Wars|
|Third Punic War||150,000–250,000||193,649||149 BC–146 BC||Roman Republic vs. Carthaginian Empire||Tunisia||– Part of the Punic Wars|
[ citation needed ]
|173,205||262 BC–261 BC||Maurya Empire vs. State of Kalinga||India|
|Qin's Wars of Unification||700,000+[ citation needed ]||700,000||230 BC–221 BC||Qin state vs. Han, Zhou, Yan, Wei, Chu, Qi States||China||– Part of Warring States Period|
|Cimbrian War||410,000–650,000||516,236||113 BC–101 BC||Roman Empire vs. Cimbri and Teutones||Western Europe||– Part of the Germanic Wars|
|Gallic Wars||1,000,000+||1,000,000||58 BC–50 BC||Roman Republic vs. Gallic tribes||France|
|Iceni Revolt||150,000+||150,000||60–61||Roman Empire vs. Celtic tribes||England||Year is uncertain – Part of the Roman Conquest of Britain|
|Jewish–Roman Wars||350,000–2,000,000||836,660||66–136||Roman Empire vs. Jews||Middle East/North Africa|
|First Jewish–Roman War||270,000–1,358,400||605,614||66–73||Roman Empire vs. Jews||Middle East||– Part of Jewish–Roman Wars|
|Kitos War||440,000+||440,000||115–117||Roman Empire vs. Jews||Southern Europe / North Africa||– Also known as the Second Jewish–Roman War |
– Part of Jewish–Roman Wars
|Bar Kokhba Revolt||580,000+||580,000||132–136||Roman Empire vs. Jews||Middle East||– Also known as the Third Jewish–Roman War |
– Part of Jewish–Roman Wars
|Gothic War (269)||320,000+||320,000||269||Roman Empire vs. Goths||Europe||Claudius II defeated the Goths, of whom 320,000 were slain. This number is from the Historia Augusta. – Part of the Germanic Wars|
|Probus's German War||400,000+||400,000||277||Roman Empire vs. Germans||Europe||Emperor Probus informed the Senate that he had killed 400,000 Germans. From the Historia Augusta. – Part of the Germanic Wars|
|Gothic War (376–382)||40,000+||40,000||376–382||Roman Empire vs. Goths||Eastern Europe||– Part of the Germanic Wars|
|Three Kingdoms War||36,000,000–40,000,000||37,947,332||184–280||Wei vs. Shu Vs. Wu||China||– Academically, the period of the Three Kingdoms refers to the period between the foundation of the state of Wei in 220 and the conquest of the state of Wu by the Jin dynasty in 280. The earlier, "unofficial" part of the period, from 184 to 220, was marked by chaotic infighting between warlords in various parts of China.|
|Yellow Turban Rebellion||3,000,000–7,000,000||4,582,576||184–205||Peasants vs. Eastern Han China||China||– Part of Three Kingdoms War|
|Wars of the Sixteen Kingdoms||150,000+|
[ citation needed ]
|150,000||304–439||Northern Chinese States||Northern China||Number given is the sum of all deaths in battle recorded in this time period in battles between armies of the Sixteen Kingdoms, does not take into account civilian deaths, the actual number may be much greater.|
[ citation needed ]
|165,000||395–453||Roman Empire vs. Hunnic tribes||Europe||Number given is the sum of all deaths in battle recorded by Roman writers during this time period, does not take into account civilian deaths, the actual number may be much greater.|
Note 1: The geometric mean is the middle of the quoted range, taken by multiplying together the endpoints and then taking the square root.
This section may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: limit to wars under a single leader or ruler, it is impossible to objectively compare 500 years of intermittent warfare with a given military campaign. (May 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Note: the identity of a single "war" cannot be reliably given in some cases, and some "wars" can be taken to last over more than a human lifetime, e.g. "Reconquista" (711–1492, 781 years) "Muslim conquests in India" (12th to 16th c., 500 years) "Crusades" (ten or more campaigns during the period 1095–1291, 196 years), "Mongol conquests" (1206–1368, 162 years), "early Muslim conquests" (622–750, 128 years), "Hundred Years' War" (1337–1453, 115 years).
The Reconquista was the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492. The completed conquest of Granada was the context of the Spanish voyages of discovery and conquest, and the Americas—the "New World"—ushered in the era of the Spanish and Portuguese colonial empires.
The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period. The most commonly known Crusades are the campaigns in the Eastern Mediterranean aimed at recovering the Holy Land from Muslim rule, but the term "Crusades" is also applied to other church-sanctioned campaigns. These were fought for a variety of reasons including the suppression of paganism and heresy, the resolution of conflict among rival Roman Catholic groups, or for political and territorial advantage. At the time of the early Crusades the word did not exist, only becoming the leading descriptive term around 1760.
The early Muslim conquests, also referred to as the Arab conquests and early Islamic conquests began with the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. He established a new unified polity in the Arabian Peninsula which under the subsequent Rashidun and Umayyad Caliphates saw a century of rapid expansion.
mean[ clarification needed ]
|Moorish Wars||5,000,000+||5,000,000||534–548||Moors vs. Byzantine Empire||North Africa|
|Arab–Byzantine Wars||130,000+||130,000||629–1050||Byzantine Empire and allies vs. Islamic Empire and Allies||Middle East / North Africa / Southern Europe||Number given is the sum of all deaths in battle recorded by writers during this time period, does not take into account civilian deaths, the actual number may be much greater.|
|Reconquista||7,000,000+||7,000,000||711–1492||Spanish and Portuguese states vs. Muslim states||Iberian Peninsula|
|An Lushan Rebellion||13,000,000–36,000,000||21,633,308||755–763||Tang Dynasty China and Islamic Empire vs. Yan state||China / Vietnam||– Also known as the An–Shi Rebellion|
|Goryeo–Khitan Wars||90,000+||90,000||993–1019||Liao Empire vs. Goryeo Kingdom||Korea|
|Crusades||1,000,000–3,000,000||1,732,051||1095–1291||Originally Byzantine Empire vs. Seljuq Empire, but evolved into Christians vs. Muslims.||Europe / Middle East ("Holy Land")|
|Albigensian Crusade||200,000–1,000,000||447,214||1208–1229||Papal States and France vs. Cathartic States||France|| – Also known as the Cathar Crusade |
– Part of the Crusades
|Mongol conquests||30,000,000–40,000,000||34,641,016||1206–1368||Mongol Empire vs. Several Eurasian states||Eurasia||– Excludes the (up to) 200,000,000 deaths from the Black Death migration that arguably may have been associated with the Mongol expansion|
|Wars of Scottish Independence||60,000-150,000||94,868||1296–1357||Scotland vs. England||Scotland / England|
|Hundred Years' War||2,300,000–3,300,000||2,754,995||1337–1453||House of Valois vs. House of Plantagenet||Western Europe|
|Conquests of Timur||8,000,000–20,000,000||12,649,111||1370–1405||Timurid Empire vs. several middle eastern states||Eurasia|
|Conquests of Mehmed II 'the Conqueror'||873,000+||873,000||1451–1481||Ottoman Empire vs. Various south European states||Eastern Europe||May be over or underestimated|
|Wars of the Roses||35,000–50,000||41,833||1455–1487||House of Lancaster, House of Tudor, and allies vs. House of York and allies||England / Wales||[ better source needed ]|
|Italian Wars||300,000–400,000||346,410||1494–1559||Holy Roman Empire, Spain, and some Italian States vs. France, Ottoman Empire, and some Italian states||Southern Europe||– Also known as the Great Wars of Italy|
|Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire||24,300,000+||24,300,000||1519–1632||Spanish Colonial Empire vs. Aztec Empire||Mexico||– Part of the European colonization of the Americas, includes the cocoliztli plagues|
|Spanish conquest of Yucatán||1,460,000+||1,460,000||1519–1595||Spanish Colonial Empire vs. Mayan States||North America||– Part of the European colonisation of the Americas, includes deaths due to European disease|
|Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire||8,400,000+||8,400,000||1533–1572||Spanish Colonial Empire vs. Inca Empire||Peru||– Part of the European colonization of the Americas, includes deaths due to European diseases|
|Campaigns of Suleiman the Magnificent||200,000+||200,000||1521–1566||Ottoman Empire vs. several Balkan, African, and Arabian States||Eastern Europe / Middle East / North Africa|
|German Peasants' War||100,000+||100,000||1524–1525||German Peasants vs. Swabian League||Germany||– Also known as the Great Peasants War|
|French Wars of Religion||2,000,000–4,000,000||2,828,427||1562–1598||Protestants vs. France vs. Catholics||France||– Also known as the Huguenot Wars|
|Eighty Years' War||600,000–700,000||648,074||1568–1648||Dutch Republic, England, Scotland, and France vs. Spanish Empire||Worldwide||– Also known as the Dutch War of Independence|
|Anglo-Spanish War (1585–1604)||138,285+||138,285||1585–1604||Spanish Empire and allies vs. Kingdom of England and allies||Europe / Americas||English|
|Japanese invasions of Korea||1,000,000+||1,000,000||1592–1598||Kingdom of Great Joseon and Ming China vs. Japan||Korea|
|Transition from Ming to Qing||25,000,000+||25,000,000||1616–1683||Qing China vs. Ming China vs. Shun dynasty China (Li Zicheng) vs. Xi dynasty China (Zhang Xianzhong vs. Kingdom of Shu (She-An Rebellion) vs. Evenk-Daur federation (Bombogor )||China||– Also known as the Ming–Qing transition|
|Thirty Years' War||3,000,000–11,500,000||5,873,670||1618–1648||Pro-Habsburg states vs. Anti-Habsburg states||Europe|
|Franco-Spanish War (1635–59)||200,000+||200,000||1635–1659||France and Allies vs. Spain and Allies||Western Europe|
|Wars of the Three Kingdoms||876,000+||876,000||1639–1651||Royalists vs. Covenanters vs.Union of the Irish vs. Scottish Protestants vs. Parliamentarians||British Isles||– Also known as the British Civil Wars|
|English Civil War||356,000–735,000||511,527||1642–1651||Royalists vs. Parliamentarians||England||– Part of the Wars of the Three Kingdoms|
|Mughal–Maratha Wars||5,000,000+||5,600,000||1658-1707||Maratha empire vs. Mughal Empire||India-Bangladesh|
|Franco-Dutch War||220,000+||220,000||1672–1678||France and allies vs. Dutch Republic and allies||Western Europe||– Also known as the Dutch War|
|Great Turkish War||120,000+||120,000||1683–1699||Ottoman Empire vs. European Holy League||Eastern Europe||– Also known as the War of the Holy League|
|Great Northern War||350,000+||350,000||1700–1721||Russia and allies vs. Swedish Empire||Eastern Europe||Sweden, the Swedish Baltic provinces, and Finland, together, with a population of only 2.5 million, lost some 350,000 dead during the war from all causes.|
|War of the Spanish Succession||400,000–1,251,000||707,390||1701–1714||Grand Alliance vs. Bourbon Alliance||Europe / Americas|
|Maratha expeditions in Bengal||400,000+||400,000||1741–1751||Maratha Empire vs. Nawab of bengal||India|
|Seven Years' War||868,000–1,400,000||1,102,361||1756–1763||Great Britain and allies vs. France and Allies||Worldwide|
|Sino-Burmese War (1765–69)||70,000+||70,000||1765–1769||Burma vs. Qing China||Southeast Asia||– Also known as the Qing invasions of Burma|
|American Revolutionary War||37,324+||37,324||1775–1783||United States and allies vs. British Empire and German Mercenaries||Worldwide||37,324 battle dead, all sides, all theaters. – Also known as the American War of Independence|
|French campaign in Egypt and Syria||65,000+||65,000||1798–1801||France vs. Ottoman Empire and Great Britain||Middle East / North Africa|
|Saint-Domingue expedition||135,000+||135,000||1802–1803||France vs. Haiti and UK||Haiti|
|Napoleonic Wars||3,500,000–7,000,000||4,949,747||1803–1815||Coalition powers vs. French empire and allies||Worldwide||See: Napoleonic Wars casualties|
|French invasion of Russia||540,000+||540,000||1812||French Empire vs. Russia||Russia||– Part of the Napoleonic Wars|
|Spanish American Wars of Independence||600,000+||600,000||1808–1833||Spain and Portugal vs. American Independentists||Americas|
|Venezuelan War of Independence||228,000+||228,000||1810–1823||Spain vs. Venezuelan states||Venezuela||– Part of Spanish American Wars of Independence|
|Mfecane||1,500,000–2,000,000||1,732,051||1815–1840||Ethnic communities in south Africa||Southern Africa|
|Carlist Wars||200,000+||200,000||1820–1876||Carlist Insurgents vs. Spain||Spain|
|French conquest of Algeria||300,000+||300,000||1829–1847||France vs. Ottoman Empire||Algeria||Including 15,000 French|
|Taiping Rebellion||20,000,000-100,000,000||44,721,359||1850–1864||Qing China vs. Taiping Heavenly Kindom||China||– Also known as the Taiping Civil War|
|Crimean War||356,000–410,000||382,047||1853–1856||Ottoman Empire and allies vs. Russia||Crimean Peninsula|
|Panthay Rebellion||890,000–1,000,000||943,398||1856–1873||Qing China vs. Hui||China||– Also known as the Du Wenxiu Rebellion|
|Indian Rebellion of 1857||800,000–10,000,000||2,828,427||1857–1858||Sepoy Mutineers vs. British East India Company||India||– Also known as the Sepoy Mutiny or the Indian First War of Independence|
|American Civil War||650,000–1,000,000||806,226||1861–1865||United States vs. Confederate States||USA|
|Dungan Revolt||8,000,000–12,000,000||9,797,959||1862–1877||Qing China vs. Hui vs. Kashgaria||China||– Also known as the Tongzhi Hui Revolt|
|French intervention in Mexico||49,287+||49,287||1862–1867||Mexican Republicans vs. France and Mexican Empire||Mexico|
|Paraguayan War||300,000–1,200,000||600,000||1864–1870||Triple alliance vs. Paraguay||South America||– Also known as the War of the Triple Alliance|
|Ten Years' War||241,000+||241,000||1868–1878||Spain vs. Cuba||Cuba||– Also known as the Great War|
|Conquest of the Desert||30,000–35,000||32,404||1870s–1884||Argentina vs. Mapuche people||Patagonia|
|Aceh War||97,000–107,000||101,877||1873–1914||Kingdom of the Netherlands vs. Aceh Sultanate||Indonesia||– Also known as the Infidel War|
|First Sino–Japanese War||48,311+||48,311||1894–1895||Qing China vs. Japan||East Asia|
|Cuban War of Independence||362,000+||362,000||1895–1898||USA and Cuba vs. Spain||Cuba|
|Thousand Days' War||120,000+||120,000||1899–1902||Colombian Conservatives vs. Colombian Liberals||Colombia|
|South African War (Second Boer War)||73,000–90,000||81,056||1899-1902||United Kingdom and allies vs. South African Republic and Orange Free State||South Africa|
|Philippine–American War||234,000+||234,000||1899–1912||Philippines vs. USA||Philippines||– Also known as the Philippine War|
|Mexican Revolution||500,000–2,000,000||1,000,000||1910–1920||Revolutionary Forces vs. Anti-Revolutionary Forces||Mexico|
|Balkan Wars||140,000+||140,000||1912–1913||see Balkan wars||Balkan Peninsula|
|World War I||8,545,800–65,000,000||23,568,559||1914–1918||Allied Powers vs. Central Powers||Worldwide||– Also known as the Great War|
|Russian Civil War||5,000,000–9,000,000||6,708,204||1917–1922||Red army and allies vs. White army and allies||Russia|
|Iraqi–Kurdish conflict||138,800–320,100||210,784||1918–2003||Kurdistan/Iraqi Kudistan and allies vs. Iraq and allies||Iraq|
|Kurdish rebellions in Turkey||100,000+||100,000||1921–present||Turkey vs. Kurdish people||Middle East|
|Second Italo-Senussi War||40,000+||40,000||1923–1932||Italy vs. Senussi Order||Libya|
|Chinese Civil War||8,000,000–11,692,000||9,671,401||1927–1949||ROC vs. PRC||China|
|Second Italo-Ethiopian War||278,350+||278,350||1935–1936||Ethiopian Empire vs. Italy||Ethiopia||According to Italian government statistics, the Italians suffered 1,148 KIA, 125 DOW, and 31 MIA. According to the Ethiopian government, at least 275,000 Ethiopians died in the brief war. – Also known as the Second Italo–Abyssinian War|
|Spanish Civil War||500,000–1,000,000||707,107||1936–1939||Nationalists vs. Republicans||Spain|
|Second Sino-Japanese War||20,000,000–25,000,000||22,360,680||1937–1945||Republic of China and allies vs. Japan||China||– Part of World War II|
|World War II||56,125,162–85,000,000||69,069,811||1939–1945||Allied powers vs. Axis Powers||Worldwide||- Largest and deadliest war in human history|
|Winter War||153,736–194,837||173,071||1939–1940||Finland vs. Soviet Union||Finland||– Part of World War II|
|Greco-Italian War||27,080+||27,080||1940–1941||Greece vs. Italy||Southeast Europe||– Part of World War II|
|Continuation War||387,333+||387,333||1941–1944||Finland and Germany vs. Soviet Union||Northern Europe||– Part of World War II|
|Soviet–Japanese War||33,420–95,768||56,574||1945||Soviet Union and Mongolia vs. Japan||Manchuria||– Part of World War II|
|First Indochina War||400,000+||400,000||1946–1954||France vs. Việt Minh, Lao Assara, and Khmer Issarak||Southeast Asia||– Also known as the Indochina War|
|Greek Civil War||158,000+||158,000||1946–1949||Greek Government army vs. DSE||Greece|
|Malagasy Uprising||11,342–89,000||35,000||1947–1948||France vs. Malagasy Insurgents||Madagascar|
|Kashmir Conflict||80,000–110,000||93,808||1947– present||India vs. Pakistan||North India / Pakistan|
|La Violencia||192,700–194,700||193,697||1948–1958||Columbia vs. Colombian Liberal Party||Colombia|
|Internal conflict in Myanmar||130,000–250,000||180,278||1948–present||Myanmar vs. Burmese Insurgent Groups||Myanmar|
|Arab–Israeli conflict||116,074+||116,074||1948–present||Arab League vs. Israel and USA||Middle East|
|Indian annexation of Hyderabad||29,212–242,212||84,116||1948||Dominion of India vs. Hyperabad||India||– Also known as Operation Polo|
|Korean War||1,200,000+||1,200,000||1950–1953||South Korea and allies vs. North Korea and allies||Korea|
|Algerian War||350,000-1,500,000||724,569||1954–1962||Algeria vs. France||Algeria||– Also known as the Algerian War of Independence|
|Ethnic conflict in Nagaland||34,000+||34,000||1954–present||India and Myanmar vs. Naga People||Northeast India|
|Vietnam War||800,000–3,800,000||1,743,560||1955–1975||South Vietnam and allies vs. North Vietnam and allies||Vietnam||– Also known as the Second Indochina War|
|First Sudanese Civil War||500,000+||500,000||1955–1972||Sudan vs. South Sudanese Rebels||Sudan|
|Congo Crisis||100,000+||100,000||1960–1965||DRC, USA, and Belgium vs. Simba and Kwilu Rebels||Congo|
|Angolan War of Independence||82,991–102,991||92,452||1961–1974||Angola vs. Portugal and South Africa||Angola|
|North Yemen Civil War||100,000–200,000||141,421||1962–1970||Kingdom of Yemen and Saudi Arabia vs. Yemen Arab Republic and United Arab Republic||Yemen|
|West Papua conflict||150,000-400,000||244,949||1963–present||Indonesia and allies vs. Free Paupa||New Guinea||mal|
|Mozambican War of Independence||63,500–88,500||74,965||1964–1974||FRELIMO vs. Portugal||Mozambique|
|Insurgency in Northeast India||25,000+||25,000||1964–present||India and allies vs. Insurgent Groups||Northeast India|
|Colombian conflict||220,000+||220,000||1964–present||Colombia and allies vs. Far Left Paramilitaries and Far Right Guerrillas||Colombia|
|Nigerian Civil War||1,000,000-3,000,000||1,732,051||1967–1970||Nigeria vs. Biafra||Nigeria||– Also known as the Biafran War|
|Moro Conflict||120,000+||120,000||1969–2019||Philippines vs. Jihadist Groups vs. Bangsamoro||Philippines|
|CPP-NPA-NDF rebellion||30,000–43,000||35,917||1969–present||Philippines vs. Communist Party of the Philippines||Philippines|
|Bangladesh Liberation War||3,000,000+||3,000,000||1971||Bangladesh vs. Pakistan||Bangladesh||– Also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence|
|Ethiopian Civil War||500,000–1,500,000||866,025||1974–1991||Derg, PEDR, and Cuba vs. Anti-Communist rebel groups||Ethiopia|
|Angolan Civil War||504,158+||504,158||1975–2002||MPLA vs. UNITA||Angola|
|Lebanese Civil War||120,000–150,000||134,164||1975–1990||various groups||Lebanon|
|Insurgency in Laos||100,000+||100,000||1975–2007||Laos and Vietnam vs. "Secret army" and Hmong people||Laos|
|War in Afghanistan||1,240,000–2,000,000||1,574,802||1978–present||see War in Afghanistan||Afghanistan|
|Kurdish–Turkish conflict||45,000+||45,000||1978–present||Turkey vs. KCK||Middle East||– Part of the Kurdish rebellions in Turkey|
|Soviet–Afghan War||600,000–2,000,000||1,095,445||1979–1989||Soviet Union and Afghanistan vs. Insurgent groups||Afghanistan||– Part of War in Afghanistan|
|Iran–Iraq War||289,220–1,100,000||564,041||1980–1988||Iran and allies vs. Iraq and allies||Middle East|
|Internal conflict in Peru||70,000+||70,000||1980–present||Peru vs. PCP-SL and MRTA||Peru|
|Ugandan Bush War||100,000–500,000||223,607||1981–1986||ULNF and Tanzania vs. National Resistance Army||Uganda||– Also known as the Luwero War|
|Second Sudanese Civil War||1,000,000–2,000,000||1,414,214||1983–2005||Sudan vs. South Sudanese rebels||Sudan|
|Sri Lankan Civil War||80,000–100,000||89,443||1983–2009||Sri Lanka vs. Tamil Tigers||Sri Lanka|
|Somali Civil War||300,000–500,000||387,298||1986–present||Varying Somali governments vs. insurgent groups||Somalia|
|Lord's Resistance Army insurgency||100,000–500,000||223,607||1987–present||Lord's Resistance Army vs. Central African states||Central Africa|
|Nagorno-Karabakh War||38,000+||38,000||1988–1994||Artsakh and Armenia vs. Azerbaijan and allies||Caucasus region||– Also known as the Artsakh Liberation War|
|Gulf War||25,456–40,456||32,091||1990–1991||Iraq vs. Coalition Forces||Iraq||– Also known as the First Iraq War|
|Algerian Civil War||44,000–200,000||93,808||1991–2002||Algeria vs. FIS loyalists vs. GIA||Algeria|
|Bosnian War||97,214–104,732||100,903||1991–1995||Bosnia and Herzegovinian governments and allies vs. Republika Srpska and allies||Bosnia|
|1991 Iraqi coup d'état attempt||85,000–235,000||141,333||1991||Iraq vs various rebels||Iraq||– Also known as the Sha'aban Intifada|
|Sierra Leone Civil War||50,000-300,000||122,474||1991-2002||see Sierra Leone Civil War||Sierra Leone|
|Burundian Civil War||300,000+||300,000||1993–2005||Burundi vs. Hutu rebels vs. Tutsi rebels||Burundi|
|Rwandan genocide||800,000||800,000||April – July 1994||Hutu people vs. Tutsi Rebels||Rwanda|
|First Congo War||250,000–800,000||447,214||1996–1997||Zaire and allies vs. AFDL and allies||Congo|
|Second Congo War||2,500,000–5,400,000||3,674,235||1998–2003||See Second Congo War||Central Africa||– Also known as the Great War of Africa|
|Ituri conflict||60,000+||60,000||1999–2003||Lendu Tribe vs. Hemu Tribe and allies||Congo||– Part of the Second Congo War|
|War on Terror||272,000–1,260,000||585,423||2001–present||Anti-Terrorist Forces vs. Terrorist groups||Worldwide||– Also known as the Global War on Terrorism|
|War in Afghanistan (2001–present)||47,246–61,603||53,949||2001–present||see War in Afghanistan (2001–present)||Afghanistan||– Part of the War on Terror and War in Afghanistan|
|Iraq War||176,913–1,120,000||445,132||2003–2011||See Iraq War||Iraq||– Also known as the Second Gulf War|
|War in Darfur||178,258–461,520||286,827||2003–present||SRF and allies vs. Sudan and allies vs. UNAMID||Sudan|
|Kivu Conflict||100,000+||100,000||2004–present||see Kivu Conflict||Congo||– Part of the Second Congo War|
|War in North-West Pakistan||45,852–78,946||60,165||2004–present||Pakistan, USA, and UK vs. Terrorist groups||Pakistan||– Also known as the War in Waziristan|
|Houthi insurgency in Yemen||25,000+||25,000||2004–present||See Houthi insurgency in Yemen||Yemen||– Also known as the Sa'dah War|
|Mexican Drug War||106,800+||106,800||2006–present||Mexico vs. Drug cartels||Mexico||– Also known as the Mexican War on Drugs|
|Boko Haram insurgency||51,567+||51,567||2009–present||Multinational Joint Task Force vs. Boko Haram||Nigeria||2,400,000 internally displaced|
|Syrian Civil War||560,000+||560,000||2011–present||Syrian Arab Republic vs. Republic of Syria vs. ISIL vs. Syrian Democratic Forces||Syria||See: Casualties of the Syrian civil war|
|Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)||75,000+||75,000||2014–2017||Iraq and allies vs. ISIL||Iraq|
The Dominican Restoration War was a guerrilla war between 1863 and 1865 in the Dominican Republic between nationalists and Spain, who had recolonized the country 17 years after its independence. The war against the Spaniards ended in July 1865 with Dominican independence restored but with the country devastated and disorganized, and most of the peasantry in arms.
The Six-Day War, also known as the June War, 1967 Arab–Israeli War, or Third Arab–Israeli War, was fought between 5 and 10 June 1967 by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
The Yaqui Wars, were a series of armed conflicts between New Spain, and the later Mexican Republic, against the Yaqui Indians. The period began in 1533 and lasted until 1929. The Yaqui Wars, along with the Caste War against the Maya, were the last conflicts of the centuries long Mexican Indian Wars. Over the course of nearly 400 years, the Spanish and the Mexicans repeatedly launched military campaigns into Yaqui territory which resulted in several serious battles and some infamous massacres.
The timeline of wars has been split up in the following periods:
The Pakistan Armed Forces are the military forces of Pakistan. They are the sixth largest in the world in terms of active military personnel and the largest among Muslim countries. The armed forces comprise four main service branches – Army, Navy, Air Force and paramilitary forces and the Strategic Plans Division Force. Chain of command of the military is organised under the Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee (JCSC) alongside chiefs of staff of the army, navy, and air force. All of the branches work together during operations and joint missions under the Joint Staff Headquarters.
The Soviet–Afghan War lasted over nine years, from December 1979 to February 1989. Insurgent groups known collectively as the mujahideen, as well as smaller Maoist groups, fought a guerrilla war against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government, mostly in the rural countryside. The mujahideen groups were backed primarily by the United States, Saudi Arabia, and Pakistan, making it a Cold War proxy war. Between 562,000 and 2,000,000 civilians were killed and millions of Afghans fled the country as refugees, mostly to Pakistan and Iran.
This article lists the United States's military dead, wounded, and missing person totals for wars and major deployments.
Estimates of the casualties from the conflict in Iraq have come in several forms, and those estimates of different types of Iraq War casualties vary greatly.
As of 5 August 2018, there have been 3,458 coalition deaths in Afghanistan as part of ongoing coalition operations since the invasion in 2001. In this total, the American figure is for deaths "In and Around Afghanistan" which, as defined by the United States Department of Defense, includes some deaths in Pakistan and Uzbekistan and the deaths of 17 CIA operatives.
The insurgency in Jammu and Kashmir or the Kashmiri Insurgency is a conflict between various Kashmiri separatists and the Government of India. There are some groups that support the complete independence of Kashmir, while others seek Kashmir's accession to Pakistan. The conflict in Jammu and Kashmir has strong Islamist elements among the insurgents, with many of the "ultras" identifying with Jihadist movements and supported by such.
The Taliban insurgency began shortly after the group's fall from power following the 2001 War in Afghanistan. The Taliban forces are fighting against the Afghan government, formerly led by President Hamid Karzai, now led by President Ashraf Ghani, and against the US-led International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). The insurgency has spread to some degree over the Durand Line border to neighboring Pakistan, in particular the Waziristan region and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The Taliban conduct low-intensity warfare against Afghan National Security Forces and their NATO trainers. Regional countries, particularly Pakistan and Iran, are often accused of funding and supporting the insurgent groups.
During the war in Afghanistan (2001–present), over 31,000 civilian deaths due to war-related violence have been documented; 29,900 civilians have been wounded. Over 111,000 Afghans, including civilians, soldiers and militants, are estimated to have been killed in the conflict. The Cost of War project estimated that the number who have died through indirect causes related to the war may be as high as 360,000 additional people based on a ratio of indirect to direct deaths in contemporary conflicts. These numbers do not include those who have died in Pakistan.
The following items form a partial timeline of the War in Afghanistan. For events prior to October 7, 2001, see 2001 in Afghanistan
The War on Terror, also known as the Global War on Terrorism, is an international military campaign that was launched by the United States government after the September 11 attacks against the United States. The naming of the campaign uses a metaphor of war to refer to a variety of actions that do not constitute a specific war as traditionally defined. U.S. president George W. Bush first used the term "war on terrorism" on 16 September 2001, and then "war on terror" a few days later in a formal speech to Congress. In the latter speech, George Bush stated, "Our enemy is a radical network of terrorists and every government that supports them." The term was originally used with a particular focus on countries associated with al-Qaeda. The term was immediately criticised by such people as Richard B. Myers, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and more nuanced terms subsequently came to be used by the Bush administration to publicly define the international campaign led by the U.S.; it was never used as a formal designation of U.S. operations in internal government documentation.
The War in Afghanistan, code named Operation Enduring Freedom (2001–14) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present), followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of 7 October 2001, when the U.S. and allies successfully drove out the Taliban from power in order to dismantle al-Qaeda and to deny it a safe base of operations in Afghanistan. Since the initial objectives were completed, a coalition of over 40 countries formed a security mission in the country. The war has since mostly involved U.S. and allied Afghan government troops battling Taliban insurgents. The War in Afghanistan is the longest war in U.S. history, having overtaken the U.S. participation in the Vietnam War in 2010.
The War in Ingushetia began in 2007 as an escalation of an insurgency in Ingushetia connected to the separatist conflict in Chechnya. The conflict has been described as a civil war by local human rights activists and opposition politicians; others have referred to it as an uprising. By mid-2009 Ingushetia had surpassed Chechnya as the most violent of the North Caucasus republics. However, by 2015 the insurgency in the Republic had greatly weakened, and the casualty toll declined substantially in the intervening years.
As of July 27, 2018, there have been 2,372 U.S. military deaths in the War in Afghanistan. 1,856 of these deaths have been the result of hostile action. 20,320 American servicemembers have also been wounded in action during the war. In addition, there were 1,720 U.S. civilian contractor fatalities.
Casualties of the Iraqi insurgency (2011–present) refers to deaths and injuries in Iraq after the withdrawal of US forces at the end of the Iraq War on 18 December 2011, as fighting continued between the Iraqi government and anti-government forces in the Iraqi insurgency (2011–2013) and later escalated into the Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017) and subsequent Iraqi insurgency (2017–present).
The concurrent RENAMO insurgency is an ongoing guerrilla campaign by militants of the RENAMO party in Mozambique. The insurgency is widely considered to be an aftershock of the Mozambican Civil War; it resulted in renewed tensions between RENAMO and Mozambique's ruling FRELIMO coalition over charges of state corruption and the disputed results of 2014 general elections.
Thus ended for a time one of the bloodiest wars in history. During the two years and more the loss of life was frightful; nothing remains upon which to base a reliable estimate, but the War Monument at Kiuto, and the accounts of such battles as Kyong-chu, Choung-chu, Haing chu, the Im Chiu River, Pyongyang, Yenan, the massacre at Söul, Ulsan and Chiu-chu, and fifty other engagements would make a million lives a conservative estimate.
From 1955 to 2002, data from the surveys indicated an estimated 5.4 million violent war deaths ... 3.8 million in Vietnam.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
Steven Arthur Pinker is a Canadian-American cognitive psychologist, linguist, and popular science author. He is Johnstone Family Professor in the Department of Psychology at Harvard University, and is known for his advocacy of evolutionary psychology and the computational theory of mind.