Omorashi

Last updated

Omorashi (おもらし / オモラシ / お漏らし), sometimes abbreviated as simply "omo", is a form of fetish subculture originating and predominately recognized in Japan, in which participants experience arousal from having a full bladder or wetting themselves, or from seeing someone else experiencing a full bladder or wetting themselves. Outside Japan, it is not usually distinguished from urolagnia, though they are different things: the Handbook of Clinical Sexuality for Mental Health Professionals specifically defines omorashi as persistent sexual arousal toward a full bladder. [1] Dr. J. Paul Fedoroff acknowledges this distinction, observing that "The theme of taking control of autonomic process is prominent in the paraphilia known as omorashi, which involves sexual arousal associated with the sensation of needing to urinate due to a full bladder." [2] Westerners who make the distinction sometimes use the term "bladder desperation" to do so, though some fetishist communities in the West adopt the more specific Japanese language terminology. The Japanese term "omorashi" means to wet oneself. The word is also occasionally romanized as "omorasi" in the Kunrei-shiki romanization system. In the English speaking BDSM community, the term bathroom use control is used to describe omorashi play in which the dominant controls how and when the submissive is allowed to use the bathroom. [3]

Contents

Attitudes toward sexuality in omorashi media

Most fetish activities concerning the use of bodily waste are considered by the general public as "hardcore", taboo, or edgeplay. [4] However, because the object of the fetish is clothed incontinence, omorashi videos do not necessarily feature direct sexual contact, though some use it as a form of foreplay. The focus on clothed (rather than overtly sexual images) makes garment fetishism a prominent feature in most omorashi erotica: commonly featured outfits include school uniforms, those worn by working professionals, and other people attempting to look dignified before succumbing to the need to urinate.

Fetishists who are into this kink may have specific scenarios they enjoy, such as while waiting in line for a bathroom or just doing it for fun in front of the toilet. Regardless of their personal wetting preferences, everyone who is into this kink enjoys watching someone wet themselves or have an accident in clothing. [5]

Japanese subculture

There are many ways in which omorashi fetishism is practiced in Japan.

Yagai

One of the variations is known as omorashi yagai, which translates as "to wet oneself outdoors (or publicly)." A further variation includes yagai hōnyō, or "outdoor (or public) urination", in which the subject publicly removes their clothes to urinate. Other yagai hōnyō practitioners operate much like graffiti artists, attempting public urination acts without being caught. [6]

Diapers

Another variation of omorashi play is omutsu omorashi (おむつおもらし) or omutsu play (おむつプレイ), less commonly called oshime omorashi (おしめおもらし), both of which translate as "to wet oneself in a diaper." This omutsu variation is essentially the same as the standard omorashi, except that the participants are wearing a diaper. Diapers may be favorable for public wetting because they render it more discreet and eliminate mess, and their use is not limited specifically to those with a diaper fetish. However, omorashi fetishists specifically interested in this aspect of the subculture could be considered a Japanese variation of the diaper lover community.

Japanese acceptance of adult diaper use is comparatively high, with the market for such products growing as much as 6–10% a year. [7] However, these are largely intended for and worn by the elderly, with the growth due to Japan's aging population, and younger people wearing these have met with some criticism. In 2012, the Japanese magazine SPA ran an article entitled "The Ultimate Form of Slob", which criticized the trend of young Japanese women who wear diapers to avoid public restrooms. The article included an interview with a 25-year-old woman who had been wearing diapers "instead of going to the toilet" for a period of six months, "wearing [them] almost every day." [8]

Skirt omorashi

Some individuals find it attractive when someone wets themself in a skirt, since it allows for upskirt views of the accident. This is referred to as sukāto omorashi (スカートおもらし). This can combine with uniform fetishism, and pornography with skirted performers dressed as high school girls and office workers is common, as well as depictions of skirted people in casual dress.

Fetish films

In order to avoid Japan's strict censorship laws, which limited depictions of actual sex and pubic hair, erotic films (known as pink films) often relied on fetish elements which could skirt such restrictions. One such film , Terrifying Girls' High School: Lynch Law Classroom in 1973, would be the first to depict an omorashi scenario to a cinematic audience in which a high school girl wets herself on her desk after drinking gallons of water.

As the AV (adult video) genre took hold in the 1980s, videos specifically devoted to omorashi began to appear. Several notable AV idols have starred in such scenes, including Sakura Sakurada. However, perhaps because of its softcore nature, omorashi never became a clearly pornographic genre.

Today, Japanese omorashi fans also enjoy game show-style videos in which contestants must compete in various urine-holding challenges. [9] The Giga [10] video company's "Desperation Tournament" series is an example of this kind of contest. One such activity is a panel of contestants competing to hold their bladders, or to guess which woman has to use the restroom the most.

Periodicals

Since the 1990s, magazine companies catering to the Japanese kink community have produced a number of periodicals dedicated to omorashi subculture, including most notably Sanwa Publishing's Omorashi Club (rendered phonetically as the wasei-eigo おもらし倶楽部, or Omorashi Kurabu). First published September 22, 1994, Omorashi Club's success allowed Sanwa to extend the brand in 2006 to include a DVD magazine. The following year, the demand for material catering specifically to omutsu omorashi fandom led to further expansion with the spin-off periodical Diapers Club (おむつ倶楽部, or Omutsu Kurabu). The scarcity of earlier issues of these magazines has caused them to become collector's items.

Anime and manga

Japanese-produced omorashi media also include Manga and Anime. These range from independently produced dōjinshi to large, commercially produced manga. Some focus exclusively on omorashi stories, while others include only the occasional scene. Some contain obvious sexual themes and could be considered a form of H manga, while others, like Iinari! Aibure-shon , are well known to be suitable for all ages, since they have only mild ecchi content such as panchira. [11]

Wetting scenes have existed in anime as early as the popular Doraemon and Devilman series of the 1970s. However, these did not have the erotic context which characterizes modern omorashi media, since they predated the first full-blown anime pornography, which was not available until 1984, when the advent of the first Hentai OVAs such as Wonder Kids' Lolita Anime were made possible by the widespread availability of home video. One example of this later erotic context is the 1994 Hentai OVA Vixens , which features scenes of incontinence in a setting that is overtly sexual.

Eroge

An eroge (erotic game) is a Japanese video or computer game that features erotic content, usually in the form of anime-style artwork. The crossover of omorashi and anime fandom has produced a number of games such as Water Closet: The Forbidden Chamber which are specifically focused on omorashi. The limited popularity of omorashi in the West has prompted a number of programmers in the scene to create software patches for these Japanese games which translate the on screen text into English. [12]

Some eroge game designers have capitalized on the omorashi fandom's niche market by including the occasional wetting scene in their games as a selling point. MAID iN HEAVEN SuperS, [13] for example, which contains only a single, diapered wetting scene, was used to spin-off an entire set of collectible figures in various omorashi poses. [14] These PVC model figures were created by toy manufacturer Giga Pulse, which is not related to the video company of similar name.

Collectibles

A promotional image of collectible Shizukuishi kyuun kyuun toilet paper, with images from the omorashi comic Iinari! Aibure-shon. Shizukuishi kyuun kyuun toilet paper.jpg
A promotional image of collectible Shizukuishi kyuun kyuun toilet paper, with images from the omorashi comic Iinari! Aibure-shon.

With the translation of omorashi into manga and its subsequent adoption by otaku fandom, a number of omorashi themed collectibles have appeared on the Japanese market, including figurines [15] [16] and "Shizukuishi kyuun kyuun toilet paper" [17] printed with wetting scenes featuring the character Shizukuishi from the omorashi manga, Iinari! Aibure-shon. [11]

Outside Japan

Though there is a small community devoted to such fetishism outside Japan, it is usually overshadowed by the more hardcore fetishes, urolagnia and urophagia. Vice Media has documented an account of an omorashi community existing in the United States since at least 1970. [18] Outside Japan omorashi groups sometimes refer to their shared interest as "desperation/wetting" fetishism, often making a distinction between content featuring males and females. In 2018, People magazine [19] and the New York Post [20] reported the use of the English language portmanteau word "peegasm" among people who practiced "releasing urine after a long period of time" in order to achieve "a stimulation of pelvic nerves" that "could feel like an orgasmic response.” Some English language fetish websites with a focus on females simply identify as "panty wetting." Since such sites abandon the "desperation" title which implies an effort not to wet, they are more likely to include nudity, overtly sexual models and situations, as well as purposeful (as opposed to accidental) wetting. There are still communities which focus on the more tame or softcore aspects of omorashi, which are generally focused on simple wetting in fully or semi-clothed situations without the overtly sexual models and situations. However, this softcore side is more rare in English-speaking communities than the more explicitly sexual omorashi content.

Though there is generally no wide acceptance of incontinence-based play, studies in England have shown that urinary incontinence during sexual activity is a "common, but rarely volunteered symptom" observed in 24% of sexually active women. Moreover, no connection could be identified with any specific abnormality of bladder function associated with these symptoms, indicating that such leakage is both normal and healthy. [21] [22]

Western publications and media

Because of the western stigma in numerous countries against urine, omorashi subculture has not received such diverse exposure in non-Japanese media. In some countries, governments have even banned such materials. In New Zealand for example, creating, trading, distributing (e.g., making available on one's web page) anything promoting or supporting "the use of urine or excrement in association with degrading or dehumanising conduct or sexual conduct" is a felony punishable by up to ten years in jail. [23] [24] Nonetheless, urination is a common fetish in pornography; the 1915 film A Free Ride , widely considered the first pornographic film made in the US, contains scenes of urination.

Print

An early example of urination and skirt-wetting appearing in a sexualized context in the west can be found in the 1928 erotic novel Story of the Eye .

Underground periodicals dedicated to pants wetting subculture outside of Japan began to appear in the 1991 with the British underground magazine Cascade, which collected erotic letters related to the fetish that occasionally appeared in older publications such as Feista and combined them with original stories, drawings, and photography. [25] This was followed in 1993 by the Australia-based Wet Set Magazine. [26] Wet Set publications were originally only available in English, but readership in German speaking countries proved high enough to justify printing some materials in German. Such publications facilitated the burgeoning subculture by providing opportunities for contact between its members via personal ads. The importance of these printed materials declined with the advent of the internet, and both Cascade and Wet Set ceased publication of physical magazines in the 21st century as the subculture shifted increasingly toward message boards and social media.

Though Wet Set did not generally acknowledge the comparatively large Asian fan base over any other country, it exposed its readers to the Japanese kink community through articles reporting on that subculture's activities. [27] During the 21st century, some Western writers on the subject of omorashi began to recognize the Asian influence upon the subculture in a more direct way. For instance, in a February 2006 issue of The Brooklyn Rail , American poet Garrett Caples of Oakland, California chose to describe the shooting of an omorashi film in a Japanese setting. [28] Aside from lending Western omorashi media an "authentic" quality, the inclusion of Japanese models and settings might also be seen as an attempt to play upon the stereotype of ultrapassivity globally associated [29] with Asian women, further enhancing their perceived moe qualities and catering to Asian fetishists.

Film

The 2002 award-winning film Secretary depicted a scene of bathroom use control resulting in the submissive wetting her dress.

Fashion

Despite omorashi subculture's intrinsic relationship to garment fetishism, taboos in the west against relating sexuality and urine prevented mainstream acceptance of overtly sexual garments related to incontinence until the 21st century, when New Zealand-based underwear brand Confitex debuted a line of incontinence lingerie at New Zealand Fashion Week 2015. The organizers stated in a press release that "This is the first time, anywhere worldwide, that incontinence underwear has graced a catwalk as a designer range." [30] In Cosmopolitan Magazine's coverage of the event, they proclaimed that "You Can Feel Sexy Even if You Leak," [31] despite the ban existing in that country against promoting or supporting incontinence-based play. The Sweden-based brand TENA subsequently followed the precedent set by Confitex with their Silhoutte Noir line of disposable incontinence undergarments, which were designed to "dismantle taboos around incontinence." Anna McCrory, senior brand manager for TENA UK, explained the goal of the product as "helping women to feel sexy, confident and able to wear what they like without being restricted by the colour or shape of their underwear, an important step towards normalising incontinence.” [32] According to the Canadian Trademarks Database, the word "Omutsu" began to be used in Canada for a line of designer adult diapers in 2017, catering specifically to the omutsu omorashi community in that country. [33]

In 2019, Greek fashion designer and performance artist Dimitra Petsa released a collection entitled Wetness showcasing pants "dyed in such a way that it seems someone peed in them." According to Petsa, the idea for her design came from a piece of performance art in which she deliberately wet herself on a crowded subway in Athens. In a subsequent interview, she explained that though she initially experienced shame at peeing her pants publicly, "Afterwards I felt very free and powerful, but at the same time I felt very naked." She went on to state that models who were asked to wet their pants during the presentation of the collection experienced it as "an emotional process" and an "eye opening experience." She described this as "the ultimate metaphor for letting go -- both of my bodily fluids and of my shame" and explained that "shaming is an effective way of keeping women under control. I think that’s one of the main reasons why shame is such a central theme in my work." [34]

Similar sentiments regarding fashion as a tool for overcoming stigmas against adults wetting themselves were previously expressed by the organizers of a 2008 Japanese fashion show for adult diapers aimed at Japan's increasingly elderly population, in which an organizer stated that "Diapers are something that people don't want to look at, but if you make them attractive, then people can learn about them more easily." [35]

See also

Related Research Articles

Urolagnia Paraphilia associated with urine or urination

Urolagnia is a paraphilia in which sexual excitement is associated with the sight or thought of urine or urination.

Fetish fashion Extreme or provocative clothing

Fetish fashion is any style or appearance in the form of a type of clothing or accessory, created to be extreme or provocative in a fetishistic manner. These styles are not usually worn by the majority of people on any regular basis. They are usually made of materials such as leather, latex or synthetic rubber or plastic, nylon, PVC, spandex, fishnet, and stainless steel. Some fetish fashion items include: stiletto heel shoes and boots, hobble skirts, corsets, collars, full-body latex catsuits, stockings, miniskirt, crotchless underwear, diapers, garters, locks, rings, zippers, eyewear, handcuffs, and stylized costumes based on more traditional outfits, such as wedding dresses that are almost completely see-through lace. Fetish fashions are sometimes confused with costuming, because both are usually understood to be clothing that is not worn as the usual wardrobe of people, and are instead worn to create a particular reaction.

Sexual fetishism Sexual arousal a person receives from an object or situation

Sexual fetishism or erotic fetishism is a sexual fixation on a nonliving object or nongenital body part. The object of interest is called the fetish; the person who has a fetish for that object is a fetishist. A sexual fetish may be regarded as a non-pathological aid to sexual excitement, or as a mental disorder if it causes significant psychosocial distress for the person or has detrimental effects on important areas of their life. Sexual arousal from a particular body part can be further classified as partialism.

Urinary incontinence Uncontrolled leakage of urine

Urinary incontinence (UI), also known as involuntary urination, is any uncontrolled leakage of urine. It is a common and distressing problem, which may have a large impact on quality of life. It has been identified as an important issue in geriatric health care. The term enuresis is often used to refer to urinary incontinence primarily in children, such as nocturnal enuresis.

Medical fetishism refers to a number of sexual fetishes involving objects, practices, environments, and situations of a medical or clinical nature. In sexual roleplay a hospital or medical scene involves the sex partners assuming the roles of doctors, nurses, surgeons and patients to act out specific or general medical fetishes. Medical fantasy is a genre in pornography, though the fantasy may not necessarily involve pornography or sexual activity.

Nocturnal enuresis Involuntary urination while asleep

Nocturnal enuresis, also called bedwetting, is involuntary urination while asleep after the age at which bladder control usually begins. Bedwetting in children and adults can result in emotional stress. Complications can include urinary tract infections.

Enuresis Medical condition

Enuresis is a repeated inability to control urination. Use of the term is usually limited to describing people old enough to be expected to exercise such control. Involuntary urination is also known as urinary incontinence. The term "enuresis" comes from the Ancient Greek: ἐνούρησις, romanized: enoúrēsis.

Wet and messy fetishism

Wet and messy fetish (WAM), also known as sploshing, is a form of sexual fetishism whereby a person becomes aroused when copious amounts of a substance are applied to the naked skin, face, or to clothing. Several dozen websites are dedicated to WAM.

Outline of BDSM Overview of and topical guide to BDSM

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to BDSM:

Glove fetishism

Glove fetishism is a sexual fetishism where an individual is sexually stimulated by another person or oneself wearing gloves on their hands. In some cases, the fetish is enhanced by the material of the glove. Often, the actions of a gloved hand are as arousing as the glove itself, because the glove provides a second skin, or in other words a fetishistic surrogate for the wearer's own skin. Medical gloves and rubber gloves provide not only a safer sex environment, but also give a latex glove fetishist great pleasure. Subtle movements by the gloved fingers or the hand as a whole can provide the individual with a great visual stimulus and ultimately sexual arousal. The act of putting gloves on, or slipping them off the hands, can also be a source of glove fetish fantasy. Smell is also a factor when it comes to latex, rubber, and leather gloves. This is also often an extension of hand fetishism.

Salirophilia

Salirophilia is a sexual fetish or paraphilia that involves deriving erotic pleasure from soiling or disheveling the object of one's desire, usually an attractive person. It may involve tearing or damaging their clothing, covering them in mud or filth, or messing their hair or makeup. The fetish does not involve harming or injuring the subject, only their appearance.

Kink (sexuality) Non-normative sexual behavior

In human sexuality, kinkiness is the use of non-conventional sexual practices, concepts or fantasies. The term derives from the idea of a "bend" in one's sexual behaviour, to contrast such behaviour with "straight" or "vanilla" sexual mores and proclivities. It is thus a colloquial term for non-normative sexual behaviour. The term "kink" has been claimed by some who practice sexual fetishism as a term or synonym for their practices, indicating a range of sexual and sexualistic practices from playful to sexual objectification and certain paraphilias. In the 21st century the term "kink", along with expressions like BDSM, leather and fetish, has become more commonly used than the term paraphilia. Some universities also feature student organizations focused on kink, within the context of wider LGBTI concerns. Psychologist Margie Nichols describes kink as one of the "variations that make up the 'Q' in LGBTQ".

Paraphilic infantilism, also known as autonepiophilia, psychosexual infantilism and adult baby syndrome, is a sexual fetish that involves role-playing a regression to an infant-like state. Behaviors may include drinking from a bottle or wearing diapers. Individuals may engage in gentle and nurturing experiences or be attracted to masochistic, coercive, punishing or humiliating experiences. Diaper fetishism involves "diaper lovers" wearing diapers for sexual or erotic reasons but may not involve infant-like behavior. Individuals who experience both of these things are referred to as adult baby/diaper lovers (AB/DL). When wearing diapers, infantilists may urinate and/or defecate in them.

Diurnal enuresis is daytime wetting. Nocturnal enuresis is nighttime wetting. Enuresis is defined as the involuntary voiding of urine beyond the age of anticipated control. Both of these conditions can occur at the same time, although many children with nighttime wetting will not have wetting during the day. Children with daytime wetting may have frequent urination, have urgent urination or dribble after urinating.

Clothing fetish Sexual fetish relating to particular type of clothing

Clothing fetishism or garment fetishism is a sexual fetish that revolves around a fixation upon a particular article or type of clothing, a particular fashion or uniform, or a person dressed in such a style.

<i>Iinari! Aibure-shon</i>

Iinari! Aibureshon is a manga consisting of four volumes. It was authored by Chizuna Nakajima and serialized in the shōnen manga magazine Monthly Dragon Age, published by Fujimi Shobo. The story centers around an omorashi character, that is, a character who tends to wet herself in public.

Overflow incontinence Medical condition

Overflow incontinence is a form of urinary incontinence, characterized by the involuntary release of urine from an overfull urinary bladder, often in the absence of any urge to urinate. This condition occurs in people who have a blockage of the bladder outlet, or when the muscle that expels urine from the bladder is too weak to empty the bladder normally. Overflow incontinence may also be a side effect of certain medications.

Underwear fetishism Sexual fetishism relating to undergarments

Underwear fetishism is a sexual fetishism relating to undergarments, and refers to preoccupation with the sexual excitement of certain types of underwear, including panties, stockings, pantyhose, bras, or other items. Some people can experience sexual excitement from wearing, while others get their excitement when observing, handling, or smelling the underwear worn by another, or watching somebody putting underwear on or taking it off.

Diaper fetishism, nappy fetishism or diaperism, is a type of garment fetish or paraphilic infantilism. A person with a diaper fetish derives pleasure from the diaper and/or use of it. Being forced to wear diapers as a form of humiliation was sometimes a behavior encountered in sexual masochism according to the DSM-IV, but any reference to diaper fetishism has been removed in the DSM-5.

Index of BDSM articles

This is an index of BDSM articles. BDSM is a variety of erotic practices involving dominance and submission, role-playing, restraint, and other interpersonal dynamics. Given the wide range of practices, some of which may be engaged in by people who do not consider themselves as practicing BDSM, inclusion in the BDSM community or subculture is usually dependent on self-identification and shared experience. Interest in BDSM can range from one-time experimentation to a lifestyle.

References

  1. Fedoroff, J. Paul (2016). "Managing versus successfully treating paraphilic disorders". Handbook of Clinical Sexuality for Mental Health Professionals. Abingdon-on-Thames: Routledge. p. 353. ISBN   978-1317507468.
  2. Fedoroff, J. Paul (2019). "Other Specified Paraphilic Disorders". The Paraphilias: Changing Suits in the Evolution of Sexual Interest Paradigms. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 242. ISBN   978-0190466336.
  3. "Glossary - Bathroom Use Control". theblackpomegranate.com. Retrieved July 7, 2020.
  4. "Taboo: Bodily Fluids". Matthewhunt.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2007. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  5. "Exploring the World of Pee Fetishism". Kinkly.com. Retrieved November 3, 2019.
  6. "Hentai dictionary: Japanese perversions, fetishes and AV slang". Hellodamage.com. Archived from the original on April 27, 2010.
  7. "Adult Diapers To Outsell Baby Diapers in Japan By 2020: Report". HuffPost. July 11, 2013.
  8. "ズボラの最終形か? オムツ女子の生態". nikkan-spa.jp. Archived from the original on October 20, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  9. "The R Videos". Kokoro-soft.com. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  10. "無題ドキュメント" [Untitled Document]. Giga-freeks.net. Archived from the original on January 24, 2010. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  11. 1 2 "Iinari! Aibure-shon toilet paper". Canned Dogs. Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  12. "Google page" . Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  13. "Information about: MAID iN HEAVEN SuperS / めいどいんへぶんすーぱーす". Doujinshi.mugimugi.org. November 3, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  14. "Maid in Heaven Supers: Beach Vol. 2 Set of 4 – Maid in Heaven Supers Action Figures". Tisinc99.com. July 15, 2003. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  15. Leon (August 7, 2010). "Queen's Gate Urinating Alice Figure". Sankaku Complex. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  16. Shingo (August 24, 2008). "Iinari! Aibure-shon gets the figure treatment". Heiseidemocracy.com. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  17. "いいなり!あいぶれーしょん " いいなり!あいぶれーしょん " 雫石きゅんきゅんトイレットペーパ− | キャラクターグッズ&アパレル販売のコスパ" [Cospa of character goods and apparel sales – Compliant caress Configuration – Shizukuishi tighter and tighter toilet paper]. Cospa.com. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  18. "The Women and Men Who Get Turned on by Needing to Pee" . Retrieved October 3, 2018.
  19. "Is It Really Possible to Have a 'Peegasm' from Holding Your Urine? An OB-GYN Weighs In" . Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  20. "Doctors warn of dangers in new 'peegasm' trend" . Retrieved September 15, 2019.
  21. Khan, Z.; Bhola, A.; Starer, P. (1988). "Urinary incontinence during orgasm". Urology. 31 (3): 279–282. doi:10.1016/0090-4295(88)90160-4. PMID   3347980.
  22. Hilton, P. (1988). "Urinary incontinence during sexual intercourse: a common, but rarely volunteered, symptom". British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 95 (4): 377–381. doi:10.1111/j.1471-0528.1988.tb06609.x. PMID   3382610. S2CID   26659249.
  23. "Text of the law" . Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  24. "Description of ten-year penalty". Censorship.dia.govt.nz. Retrieved September 5, 2013.
  25. "Retro Cascade". Cascademag.com. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  26. "Wet Set Magazine" . Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  27. Mark, Victoria. "It's a Wet, Wet World - Wet Fun in Japan". Wet Set. Turramurra, New South Wales. Retrieved September 21, 2020.
  28. Caples, Garrett. "The Omorashi Girls". Thebrooklynrail.org. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  29. Eng, Phoebe (2000). "She Takes Back Desire" . Warrior Lessons: An Asian American Woman's Journey into Power. New York: Atria. pp.  115–142. ISBN   0-671-00957-5.
  30. "World's first incontinence lingerie collection hits the runway" . Retrieved July 7, 2020.
  31. Jung, Helin. "Incontinence Lingerie Is a Thing — You Know, so You Can Feel Sexy Even if You Leak" . Retrieved April 22, 2020.
  32. Watson, Imogen. "Tena subverts Victoria Secret catwalk ad to break taboos around incontinence" . Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  33. "Canadian Trademarks Details: Omutsu — 1922466" . Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  34. El Haddaoui, Chaima. "the fashion designer inspired by female body fluids" . Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  35. "Japan holds diaper fashion show - for adults" . Retrieved January 26, 2020.

Works cited