|Andean tit-spinetail, Leptasthenura andicola (Ecuador)|
|Genus:|| Leptasthenura |
Tit-spinetails are small passerine birds of the genus Leptasthenura, belonging to the ovenbird family Furnariidae. They are found in South America, particularly the southern and Andean parts of the continent. They are somewhat similar to birds of the tit family in their shape and feeding behaviour, hence the first part of their name. The "spinetail" part of their name refers to their long, pointed tail feathers. Tit-spinetails have short rounded wings, short pointed bills and are mainly brown in colour. Their nests are built in holes or in the old nests of other birds.
The genus Leptasthenura was introduced in 1853 by the German naturalist Ludwig Reichenbach.The name combines the Ancient Greek leptos meaning "thin", asthenēs meaning "weak" and oura meaning "tail". The type species was designated as the plain-mantled tit-spinetail by George Robert Gray in 1855.
The genus contains nine species:
The tawny tit-spinetail is placed together with Des Murs's wiretail in the genus Sylviorthorhynchus .
The bushtits or long-tailed tits, are a family, Aegithalidae, of small, drab passerine birds with moderately long tails. The family contains 13 species in three genera, all but one of which are found in Eurasia. Bushtits are active birds, moving almost constantly while they forage for insects in shrubs and trees. During non-breeding season, birds live in flocks of up to 50 individuals. Several bushtit species display cooperative breeding behavior, also called helpers at the nest.
Ovenbirds or furnariids are a large family of small suboscine passerine birds found from Mexico and Central to southern South America. They form the family Furnariidae. This is a large family containing around 315 species and 70 genera. The ovenbird, which breeds in North America, is not a furnariid – rather it is a distantly related bird of the wood warbler family, Parulidae.
Penelopides is the genus of relatively small, primarily frugivorous hornbills restricted to forested areas of the Philippines. Their common name, tarictic hornbills, is an onomatopoetic reference to the main call of several of them. They have a ridged plate-like structure on the base of their mandible. All are sexually dimorphic: males of all species are whitish-buff and black, while females of all except the Mindoro hornbill are primarily black.
The tuftedcheeks are a genus, Pseudocolaptes, of passerine birds in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. They are found in the mountains of the tropical New World from Costa Rica to Bolivia.
The plain-mantled tit-spinetail is a small passerine bird of South America belonging to the ovenbird family, Furnariidae. It is a common bird across much of Chile, southern and eastern Argentina, southern Peru and western Bolivia. It occurs from 0 to 4,300 metres above sea level in a variety of habitats including arid country, open woodland, forest edge, scrub, grassland, parks and gardens. It forages among leaves and branches, searching for insects.
Chalcostigma is a genus of South American hummingbirds in the family Trochilidae.
Canasteros and thistletails are small passerine birds of South America belonging to the genus Asthenes. The name "canastero" comes from Spanish and means "basket-maker", referring to the large, domed nests these species make of sticks or grass. They feed on insects and other invertebrates.
Automolus is a genus of bird in the ovenbird family Furnariidae.
Cichlocolaptes is a genus of passerine birds in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. They are found in Brazil.
The typical spinetails, Cranioleuca, are a genus of Neotropical birds in the ovenbird family Furnariidae.
The line-cheeked spinetail is an arboreal species of bird in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. It is a common species in the Andes in Ecuador and Peru. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, woodland and scrub. It is distinguished from other species by its distribution, behaviour and white supercilium. There are two recognized subspecies, which are in reality a gradient in morphology and plumage from one extreme to the other.
Lepidocolaptes is a genus of birds in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. These are relatively small woodcreepers with fairly long, thin and slightly decurved bills.
Sylviorthorhynchus is a genus of small passerine birds belonging to the ovenbird family Furnariidae. They are somewhat similar to birds of the tit family in their shape and feeding behaviour. They have short rounded wings, short pointed bills and are mainly brown in colour. Their nests are built in holes or in the old nests of other birds.
Margarornis is a genus of passerine birds in the ovenbird family Furnariidae. They are found in South and Middle America. All four species in the genus have "treerunner" in their English name.
Phacellodomus is the genus of thornbirds, birds in the family Furnariidae. They are found in woodland, shrubland and grassland, often near water, in South America.
The cacholotes are four species of relatively large, heavy-billed Furnariids in the genus Pseudoseisura. They are found in shrubby habitats in the South American countries of Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. They are essentially brown, and all are crested to some extent.
Spix's spinetail, also known as the Chicli spinetail, is a bird in the ovenbird family. It is found in Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay. The common name commemorates the German naturalist Johann Baptist von Spix (1782-1826).
Syndactyla is a genus of foliage-gleaners, birds in the ovenbird family Furnariidae.
Cyanomitra is a genus of African sunbirds. Its members are sometimes included in Nectarinia.