1137

Last updated
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1137 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1137
MCXXXVII
Ab urbe condita 1890
Armenian calendar 586
ԹՎ ՇՁԶ
Assyrian calendar 5887
Balinese saka calendar 1058–1059
Bengali calendar 544
Berber calendar 2087
English Regnal year 2  Ste. 1   3  Ste. 1
Buddhist calendar 1681
Burmese calendar 499
Byzantine calendar 6645–6646
Chinese calendar 丙辰(Fire  Dragon)
3833 or 3773
     to 
丁巳年 (Fire  Snake)
3834 or 3774
Coptic calendar 853–854
Discordian calendar 2303
Ethiopian calendar 1129–1130
Hebrew calendar 4897–4898
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1193–1194
 - Shaka Samvat 1058–1059
 - Kali Yuga 4237–4238
Holocene calendar 11137
Igbo calendar 137–138
Iranian calendar 515–516
Islamic calendar 531–532
Japanese calendar Hōen 3
(保延3年)
Javanese calendar 1043–1044
Julian calendar 1137
MCXXXVII
Korean calendar 3470
Minguo calendar 775 before ROC
民前775年
Nanakshahi calendar −331
Seleucid era 1448/1449 AG
Thai solar calendar 1679–1680
Tibetan calendar 阳火龙年
(male Fire-Dragon)
1263 or 882 or 110
     to 
阴火蛇年
(female Fire-Snake)
1264 or 883 or 111
John II (Komnenos) (1087-1143) John II Komnenos - mosaic image digitally restored.png
John II (Komnenos) (1087–1143)

Year 1137 ( MCXXXVII ) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Contents

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

  • Spring Emperor John II (Komnenos) leads a Byzantine expeditionary force into Cilicia (the Byzantine fleet guards his flank). He defeats the Armenians under Prince Leo I ("Lord of the Mountains"), and captures the cities of Mersin, Tarsus, Adana and Mamistra. Leo retreats to the great fortifications of Anazarbus – where its garrison resists for 37 days. The Byzantine siege engines batter down its walls, and the city is forced to surrender. Leo escapes into the Taurus Mountains, while the Byzantine forces march southward into the plain of Antioch. [1]
  • August 29 John II appears before the walls of Antioch, and encamps with the Byzantine army on the north bank of the Orontes River. For several days he besiege the city, Raymond of Poitiers (prince of Antioch) is forced to surrender. He recognizes John as his suzerain and becomes with Joscelin II (count of Edessa) a vassal of the Byzantine Empire. [2]

Levant

Europe

England

Africa

Asia

  • In China during Song Dynasty, a fire breaks out in the new capital of Hangzhou. The government suspends the requirement of rent payments, alms of 108,840 kg (120 tons) of rice are distributed to the poor, and items such as bamboo, planks and rush-matting are exempted from government taxation.

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 1100s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1100, and ended on December 31, 1109.

1122 1122

Year 1122 (MCXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

The 1120s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1120, and ended on December 31, 1129.

The 1130s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1130, and ended on December 31, 1139.

The 1110s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1110, and ended on December 31, 1119.

1112 1112

Year 1112 (MCXII) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1115 1115

Year 1115 (MCXV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1119 1119

Year 1119 (MCXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1126 1126

Year 1126 (MCXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.

1103 1103

Year 1103 (MCIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1131 1131

Year 1131 (MCXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1136 1136

Year 1136 (MCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1102 1102

Year 1102 (MCII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1105 1105

Year 1105 (MCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

Fulk, King of Jerusalem King of Jerusalem

Fulk, also known as Fulk the Younger, was the Count of Anjou from 1109 to 1129 and the King of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. During his reign, the Kingdom of Jerusalem reached its largest territorial extent.

Raymond II, Count of Tripoli Count of Tripoli

Raymond II was count of Tripoli from 1137 to 1152. He succeeded his father, Pons, Count of Tripoli, who was killed during a campaign that a commander from Damascus launched against Tripoli. Raymond accused the local Christians of betraying his father and invaded their villages in the Mount Lebanon area. He also had many of them tortured and executed. Raymond was captured during an invasion by Imad ad-Din Zengi, atabeg of Mosul, who gained the two important castles of Montferrand and Rafaniya in exchange for his release in the summer of 1137.

Pons, Count of Tripoli Count of Tripoli

Pons was count of Tripoli from 1112 to 1137. He was a minor when his father, Bertrand, died in 1112. He swore fealty to the Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos in the presence of a Byzantine embassy. His advisors sent him to Antioch to be educated in the court of Tancred of Antioch, ending the hostilities between the two crusader states. Tancred granted four important fortresses to Pons in the Principality of Antioch. Since Pons held his inherited lands in fief of the kings of Jerusalem, Tancred's grant strengthened the autonomy of the County of Tripoli. On his deathbed, Tancred also arranged the marriage of his wife, Cecile of France, to Pons.

Constance of Antioch Princess of Antioch

Constance of Hauteville (1128–1163) was the ruling Princess of Antioch from 1130 to 1163. She was the only child of Bohemond II of Antioch by his wife, Alice of Jerusalem. Constance succeeded her father at the age of two, after he fell in battle, although his cousin, Roger II of Sicily, laid claim to Antioch. Her mother assumed the regency, but the Antiochene noblemen replaced her with her father, Baldwin II of Jerusalem. After he died in 1131, Alice again tried to take control of the government, but the Antiochene barons acknowledged the right of her brother-in-law, Fulk of Anjou, to rule as regent for Constance.

Council of Acre

The Council of Acre met at Palmarea, near Acre, a major city of the crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem, on 24 June 1148. The Haute Cour of Jerusalem met with recently arrived crusaders from Europe, to decide on the best target for the crusade. The Second Crusade had been called after the fall of Edessa to Zengi in 1144. In 1147, armies led by Conrad III of Germany and Louis VII of France began their separate journeys to the east. Conrad arrived at Acre in April 1148, and Louis marched south from Antioch.

References

  1. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 170–171. ISBN   978-0-241-29876-3.
  2. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 171–172. ISBN   978-0-241-29876-3.
  3. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 162–163. ISBN   978-0-241-29876-3.
  4. Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol II: The Kingdom of Jerusalem, pp. 164–165. ISBN   978-0-241-29876-3.
  5. 1 2 Picard 1997.
  6. Palmer, Alan; Palmer, Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 61–63. ISBN   0-7126-5616-2.
  7. 1 2 3 Walford, Cornelius, ed. (1876). "Fires, Great". The Insurance Cyclopeadia: Being an Historical Treasury of Events and Circumstances Connected with the Origin and Progress of Insurance. C. and E. Layton. p. 26.
  8. 1 2 de Rapin, Paul (1724). Histoire d'Angleterre. 2. La Haye: Alexandre de Rogissart.
  9. "Decameron Web | History". www.brown.edu. Retrieved July 28, 2018.
  10. Ashley, Leonard (2013). The Complete Book of Vampires. Souvenir Press. p. 71. ISBN   9780285642270.
  11. "Lothar II (or III) | Holy Roman emperor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved July 28, 2018.

Sources