Erotylidae

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Pleasing fungus beetles
ErotylidaePurkiss.jpg
Some pleasing fungus beetles
described in the 19th century
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Suborder: Polyphaga
Infraorder: Cucujiformia
Superfamily: Cucujoidea
Family: Erotylidae
Latreille, 1802  [1]
Subfamilies
Toramus pulchellus Toramus pulchellus P1130969a.jpg
Toramus pulchellus
Ischyrus quadripunctatus Ischyrus quadripunctatus P1390172a.jpg
Ischyrus quadripunctatus
Acropteroxys gracilis (tribe Languriini) Acropteroxys gracilis.jpg
Acropteroxys gracilis (tribe Languriini)

Erotylidae, or the pleasing fungus beetles, is a family of beetles containing over 100 genera. In the present circumscription, it contains 6 tribes (Tritomini, Dacnini, Megalodacnini, Erotylini, Cryptophilini, and Languriini) and 10 subfamilies (Cryptophilinae, Dacninae, Encaustinae, Erotylinae, Languriinae, Loberinae, Megalodacninae, Pharaxonothinae, Tritominae, and Xenoscelinae). [1] In other words, the narrowly circumscribed Erotylidae correspond to the subfamily Erotylinae in the definition sensu lato . There are doubts on the monophyly of lower ranked taxa within Erotylidae, with further phylogenetic studies requiring better sampling and studies of unexplored character sets, for example the metendosternite and penile flagellum, which are generally lacking detailed morphological studies within the Coleoptera literature. [2]

Contents

Erotylidae feed on plant and fungal matter; some are important pollinators (e.g. of the ancient cycads), while a few have gained notoriety as pests of some significance. Sometimes, useful and harmful species are found in one genus, e.g. Pharaxonotha . Most pleasing fungus beetles, however, are inoffensive animals of little significance to humans.

Selected genera

These 160 genera belong to the family Erotylidae:

Data sources: i = ITIS, [3] c = Catalogue of Life, [4] g = GBIF, [5] b = Bugguide.net [6]

Related Research Articles

<i>Tritoma</i> Genus of beetles

Tritoma is a genus of beetles in the family Erotylidae, the pleasing fungus beetles. It is distributed worldwide, mainly in the Old World. There are over 100 species.

Cryptophagidae Family of beetles

Cryptophagidae is a family of beetles with representatives found in all biogeographic realms. Members of this family are commonly called silken fungus beetles and both adults and larvae appear to feed exclusively on fungi although in a wide variety of habitats and situations, such as rotting wood and shed animal fur and feathers. These beetles vary from about 1 to 11 millimeters long, and usually have an oval body shape with a slight "waist".

Endomychidae Family of beetles

Endomychidae, or handsome fungus beetles, is a family of beetles with representatives found in all biogeographic realms. There are around 120 genera and 1300 species. The family was established based on the type genus Endomychus, a genus erected in 1795 by Panzer which was applied to a species that Linnaeus called Chrysomela coccinea. As the common name suggests, Endomychidae feed on fungi. Crowson, in his influential treatment of the beetles, placed the family within the Cucujoidea. They have a tarsal formal of 4-4-4 or 3-3-3 and the wings lack a closed radial cell. The second antennal segment has a sensory appendage that is as long as the third antennal segment. The family has also been grouped with the Coccinellidae in a group called the Trimera for having pseudotrimerous tarsi. A 2015 molecular phylogeny study found that the Cucujoidea were found to be non-monophyletic and the Endomychidae was refined with the removal of the Anamorphinae from within the family and elevated to the status of a full family, Anamorphidae. Mycetaeinae and Eupsilobiinae were also found not to belong within the clades of the core Endomychidae, and likewise reclassified into the families Mycetaeidae and Eupsilobiidae.

<i>Megalodacne</i> Genus of beetles

Megalodacne is a genus of fungivorous beetles in the family Erotylidae.

Bactridium is a genus of root-eating beetles in the family Monotomidae. There are about 18 described species in Bactridium.

Ischyrus dunedinensis, the three-spotted pleasing fungus beetle, is a species of pleasing fungus beetle in the family Erotylidae. It is found in North America.

<i>Triplax</i> Genus of beetles

Triplax is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about 18 described species in Triplax.

Erotylinae Subfamily of beetles

Erotylinae is a subfamily of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae.

<i>Ischyrus</i> Genus of beetles

Ischyrus is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are at least three described species in Ischyrus.

Tritomini Tribe of beetles

Tritomini is a tribe of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about 7 genera and at least 30 described species in Tritomini.

<i>Toramus</i> Genus of beetles

Toramus is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about nine described species in Toramus.

Languriini Tribe of beetles

Languriini is a tribe of lizard beetles in the family Erotylidae, subfamily Erotylinae. There are about 5 genera and at least 20 described species in Languriini.

Xenoscelinae Subfamily of beetles

Xenoscelinae is a subfamily of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about 8 genera and 12 described species in Xenoscelinae.

<i>Pharaxonotha</i> Genus of beetles

Pharaxonotha is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are at least three described species in Pharaxonotha.

<i>Loberus</i> Genus of beetles

Loberus is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about 16 described species in Loberus.

<i>Cryptophilus</i> Genus of beetles

Cryptophilus is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about nine described species in Cryptophilus.

Hapalips is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about 12 described species in Hapalips.

<i>Cypherotylus</i> Genus of beetles

Cypherotylus is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are over 30 described species in Cypherotylus. It frequently appears in the literature under the name "Gibbifer", but this name is permanently unavailable under ICZN Article 11.4, as are all of Voet's names.

Tritoma biguttata is a species of pleasing fungus beetle in the family Erotylidae. It is found in North America.

<i>Dacne</i> genus of beetles

Dacne is a genus of pleasing fungus beetles in the family Erotylidae. There are about 19 described species in Dacne.

References

  1. 1 2 "Erotylidae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  2. Pecci-Maddalena, Italo Salvatore De Castro; Lopes-Andrade, Cristiano; Skelley, Paul (2021). "The metendosternite and penile flagellum: two unexplored character systems of pleasing fungus beetles (Coleoptera: Erotylidae)". Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 193 (3): 953–972. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlaa152.
  3. "Erotylidae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  4. "Browse Erotylidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  5. "Erotylidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-03-22.
  6. "Erotylidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-03-22.