Alvarado Park

Last updated
Alvarado Park
Alvarado Park (Richmond, CA).JPG
Location Map San Francisco Bay Area.png
Red pog.svg
Alvarado Park
USA California location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Alvarado Park
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Alvarado Park
Location Richmond, California (Richmond View)
Coordinates 37°57′22″N122°18′47″W / 37.95609°N 122.31294°W / 37.95609; -122.31294 Coordinates: 37°57′22″N122°18′47″W / 37.95609°N 122.31294°W / 37.95609; -122.31294
Area42.5-acre (17.2 ha)
Created1909 [1]
Operated by East Bay Regional Park District
Architectural styleRustic Park
NRHP reference No. 92000313 [2] [3]
Added to NRHPApril 9, 1992

Alvarado Park (formerly Grand Canyon Park [4] ) is a subsection of Wildcat Canyon Regional Park in Richmond, California and is a National Historic Place. [2] It is located at the mouth of Wildcat Canyon in the Alvarado Park section. Between 1909 and 1923, Alvarado Park was a private park that was owned and operated by local residents. In 1923, it was donated to the city of Richmond. Later it was admitted into the East Bay Regional Park District.


Acquisition and history

In ancient times the area was the site of one of the grandest of Ohlone native American villages. The Huichun band numbered 250 people at this site and loved here for 5,000 to 7,000 years. [5] Then, in 1985, it was incorporated into Wildcat Canyon Regional Park and forms a historic district. [1] [3]

In its early years, Alvarado Park was served by its own streetcar line from the East Shore and Suburban Railway, a Key System precursor, which was later discontinued. [6] The park district made certain improvements including a new children's play area, conversion of parking into meadows, and demolition of dilapidated structures. [1] It was also the home of the Grande Vista Sanitarium, later known as Belgum Sanitarium. [7] [8] [9] Though the associated buildings have since burned to the ground, their foundations and the surrounding grounds, including an orchard remain. The park also features distinctive and noted [1] stone masonry, retaining walls, and classical stone lampposts. [1] The lampposts are no longer lit. A stonework bridge spans Wildcat Creek in the park main entrance. The park district is currently struggling to return the river to a more natural state in hopes of restoring its fish population and their runs. [1] The park also featured an open-air pavilion dance hall which was converted to a roller rink, and subsequently destroyed by fire. [4]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Wildcat Canyon Regional Park brochure, text side, East Bay Regional Park District, retrieved September 4, 2007
  2. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  3. 1 2 Historic Places in Contra Costa County, retrieved September 4, 2007
  4. 1 2 Historic Places Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine , Richmond Museum of History, retrieved September 4, 2007
  5. Chronology of the East Shore and Suburban Railway Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine , El Cerrito Historical Society, retrieved September 4, 2004
  6. East Bay Trails: Hiking Trails in Alameda And Contra Costa Counties, by David Weintraub, ( ISBN   0-89997-372-8) Wilderness Press, 2005, retrieved September 6, 2007
  7. Grande Vista Sanatarium History Archived 2007-10-06 at the Wayback Machine ,, retrieved September 6, 2007
  8. 1930 Richmond Census Tracts, United States Census Bureau, retrieved September 6, 2007

Related Research Articles

Richmond, California City in Contra Costa County, California US

Richmond is a city in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. The city was incorporated on August 7, 1905, and has a city council. Located in the San Francisco Bay Area's East Bay region, Richmond borders San Pablo, Albany, El Cerrito and Pinole in addition to the unincorporated communities of North Richmond, Hasford Heights, Kensington, El Sobrante, Bayview-Montalvin Manor, Tara Hills, and East Richmond Heights, and for a short distance San Francisco on Red Rock Island in the San Francisco Bay. Richmond is one of two cities, the other being San Rafael, that sits on the shores of both San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay.

Contra Costa County, California County in California, United States

Contra Costa County is located in the state of California in the United States. As of the 2020 census, the population was 1,165,927. The county seat is Martinez. It occupies the northern portion of the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, and is primarily suburban. The county's name refers to its position on the other side of the bay from San Francisco. Contra Costa County is included in the San Francisco–Oakland–Berkeley, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

El Cerrito, California City in California, United States

El Cerrito is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States, and forms part of the San Francisco Bay Area. It has a population of 23,549 according to the 2010 census. El Cerrito was founded by refugees from the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. It was incorporated in 1917 as a village with 1,500 residents. As of the census in 2000, there were 23,171 people, 10,208 households and 5,971 families in the city.

Martinez, California City in California, United States

Martinez is a city and the county seat of Contra Costa County, California, in the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. The population was 38,290 at the 2020 census. The city is named after Californio ranchero Ygnacio Martínez. The downtown is notable for its large number of preserved old buildings and antique shops. Martinez is located on the southern shore of the Carquinez Strait in the San Francisco Bay Area, directly facing the city center of Benicia and the southeastern end of Vallejo, California.

Tilden Regional Park

Tilden Regional Park, also known as Tilden Park or Tilden, is a 2,079-acre (841 ha) regional park in the East Bay, part of the San Francisco Bay Area in California. It is between the Berkeley Hills and San Pablo Ridge. Its main entrance is near Kensington, Berkeley, and Richmond. The park is contiguous with Wildcat Canyon Regional Park.

East Bay Regional Park District

The East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) is a special district operating in Alameda County and Contra Costa County, California, within the East Bay area of the San Francisco Bay Area. It maintains and operates a system of regional parks which is the largest urban regional park district in the United States. The administrative office is located in Oakland.

East Bay Eastern region of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, US

The East Bay is the eastern region of the San Francisco Bay Area and includes cities along the eastern shores of the San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay. The region has grown to include inland communities in Alameda and Contra Costa counties. With a population of roughly 2.5 million in 2010, it is the most populous subregion in the Bay Area.

The West Contra Costa Unified School District is the school district for western Contra Costa County, California. It is based in Richmond, California. In addition to Richmond, the district covers the cities of El Cerrito, San Pablo, Pinole, and Hercules and the unincorporated areas of Bayview-Montalvin Manor, East Richmond Heights, El Sobrante, Kensington, North Richmond, and Tara Hills.

Berkeley Hills Region of the Pacific Coast Ranges

The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges that overlook the northeast side of the valley that encompasses San Francisco Bay. They were previously called the "Contra Costa Range/Hills", but with the establishment of Berkeley and the University of California, the current usage was applied by geographers and gazetteers.

Winehaven, California United States historic place

Winehaven was a winery and town in Richmond, California, that held the title of "world's largest winery" for 12 years (1907–1919). It later became a fuel depot for the United States Navy.

Richmond Heights, Richmond, California Place in Richmond, California, United States of America

Richmond Heights, formerly East Richmond and also known as Mira Vista, is a district of eastern Richmond, California in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Wildcat Canyon Regional Park

Wildcat Canyon Regional Park is a 2,429-acre (983 ha) East Bay Regional Parks District park located within the city limits of Richmond in Contra Costa County in the San Francisco Bay Area of California. It includes a portion of Wildcat Canyon as well as a portion of the adjoining San Pablo Ridge, and is directly connected to the more heavily used Tilden Regional Park.

Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve United States historic place

The Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve is a 6,000-acre (2,400 ha) park located north of Mount Diablo in Contra Costa County, California under the administration of the East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD). The district acquired the property in 1973. The preserve contains relics of 3 mining towns, former coal and sand mines, and offers guided tours of a former sand mine. The 60 miles (97 km) of trails in the Preserve cross rolling foothill terrain covered with grassland, California oak woodland, California mixed evergreen forest, and chaparral.

Radke Martinez Regional Shoreline

Radke Martinez Regional Shoreline (RMRS) is a regional park on the shoreline of Carquinez Strait in Martinez, located in northern Contra Costa County, California. Formerly known as the Martinez Regional Shoreline, it was renamed on December 6, 2016, in honor of the late Ted Radke and his late wife Kathy Radke.

Wildcat Creek (California)

Wildcat Creek is a 13.4-mile-long (21.6 km) creek which flows through Wildcat Canyon situated between the Berkeley Hills and the San Pablo Ridge, emptying into San Pablo Bay in Contra Costa County, northern California.

San Pablo Creek

San Pablo Creek is an 18.7-mile-long (30.1 km) creek in Contra Costa County, California, United States, which drains the canyon or valley between the San Pablo Ridge and the Sobrante Ridge, parts of the Pacific Coast Ranges east of San Francisco Bay.

East Shore and Suburban Railway

The Eastshore and Suburban Railway (E&SR) was a formerly independent unit of the historic San Francisco Bay Area Key System which ran streetcar trains in Richmond, California, San Pablo, and El Cerrito. There were several lines with terminals at Point Richmond, North Richmond, the county line with Alameda County, what is now San Pablo, and Grand Canyon/East Richmond/Alvarado Park. Service to Oakland required a transfer to Oakland Traction Company trains at the County Line station and service to San Francisco required an additional transfer in Oakland. The systems were later consolidated into the Key System. Service began to be replaced by buses beginning on August 1, 1932, with the conversion of the East Richmond/23rd Street line to buses. Lines were converted to buses one at a time with the last remaining line being in September 1933. Fares were originally 5 cents and were raised to 7 cents over time at the time of the last runs.

Point Richmond Historic District United States historic place

The Point Richmond Historic District is the downtown area of Point Richmond in Richmond, California, and is on the National Register of Historic Places.

Rancho El Pinole was a 17,761-acre (71.88 km2) Mexican land grant along Carquinez Strait in present-day Contra Costa County, California.

Belgum Sanitarium Hospital in California, United States

The Belgum Sanitarium, also called the Grande Vista Sanitarium, was an opulent health resort established by Hendrick Belgum in 1914 to treat "nervous disorders" in the East Richmond foothills of Northern California.