East Brother Island Light

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East Brother Island Light
East Brother Light (front view).jpg
Front view of lighthouse.
East Brother Island Light
LocationEast Brother Island
San Pablo Bay
San Francisco Bay Area
California
United States
Coordinates 37°57′48″N122°26′01″W / 37.963233°N 122.433643°W / 37.963233; -122.433643 Coordinates: 37°57′48″N122°26′01″W / 37.963233°N 122.433643°W / 37.963233; -122.433643
Constructed1874
Constructionwooden tower
Tower height48 feet (15 m)
Tower shapesquare tower with balcony and lantern attached to a 2-story keeper's house
Markingsochre tower with white trim,
red lantern
OperatorEast Brother Light Station [1] [2]
HeritageNational Register of Historic Places listed place  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
First lit1 March 1874  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Automated1969
Focal height61 feet (19 m)
LensFourth order Fresnel lens (original), FA 251[ clarification needed ] (current)
Characteristic Fl W 5s.
Fog signal blast every 30s.
Admiralty no.G4215  OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
ARLHS no.USA-258
USCG no.6-5865
East Brother Island Light Station
Area0.7 acres (0.28 ha)
Built1873 (1873)
NRHP reference No. 71000138 [3]
CHISL No.951
Added to NRHPFebruary 12, 1971

East Brother Island Lighthouse is a lighthouse located on East Brother Island in San Rafael Bay, near the tip of Point San Pablo in Richmond, California. It marks the entrance to San Pablo Bay from San Francisco Bay.

Contents

Map of East Brother Island East Brother Light Station map en.png
Map of East Brother Island

Built in 1874 and automated in 1969, the lighthouse was designed in the American Stick style by Paul J. Pelz, who also designed East Brother Island's sister stations, [4] Point Fermin Light in San Pedro CA, Mare Island Light, in Carquinez Strait, California (demolished in the 1930s), Point Hueneme Light in California (replaced in 1940), Hereford Inlet Light in North Wildwood, New Jersey, and Point Adams Light in Washington State (burned down by the Lighthouse Service in 1912), all in essentially the same style. The former keeper's house began operating as a bed and breakfast in 1980.

History

Although the U.S. government recognized the need for a light to mark the area, mainland property was not available at a reasonable price. Instead the government turned its attention to the island, which it already owned. Large-scale blasting leveled the island off, and the two-story keeper's house was built with the attached tower and a fog signal building. The lamp was first lit on March 1, 1874.

The light tower is attached to keeper's house, a two-story Victorian placed on a blasted away 1-acre (0.40 ha) rock. There was an assistant keeper's house, equipment building, cistern, and water tank. The water cistern was blasted to a depth of 30 feet (9.1 m) and is capable of holding 50,000 US gallons (190 m3) of rain water.

Two of the most notable lighthouse keepers were John Stenmark and Willard Miller, each of whom logged twenty years of service, more than any other keepers. Originally from Sweden, Stenmark joined the lighthouse service at age twenty and distinguished himself for bravery during a boating accident. He was eventually appointed keeper at East Brother in 1894, and he lived at the station with his wife and four children. Miller began his tenure at East Brother in 1922. During his service the light was upgraded to a fixed, fifth-order Fresnel lens, powered by a 500-watt bulb. The steam fog signal was also converted to a compressor-driven diaphone. A serious accident on March 4, 1940, resulted in a fire that destroyed the island's wharf and boathouse along with four boats.

The United States Lighthouse Service ran the lighthouse operation until 1939, when the Lighthouse Service merged with the United States Coast Guard. Large families occupied the lighthouse. They had to light the original lens wick and keep it filled with whale oil. On many foggy nights, they would have to fire up the steam boilers to drive the foghorns, hauling coal up the long ramp from the boat. After the lighthouse was automated, the government wanted to tear down the keeper's house and other buildings, but protests from local residents prevented the demolition. The lighthouse was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1971. [3] After several years of neglect, a non-profit group, East Brother Light Station, Inc., was formed in 1979 to restore the landmark. Government grants, private donations, and volunteer labor restored the structures on the island, which are now used for the bed-and-breakfast.

See also

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References

  1. Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Northern California". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill . Retrieved 2016-06-10.
  2. California Historic Light Station Information & Photography United States Coast Guard. Retrieved 10 June 2016
  3. 1 2 "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. November 2, 2013.
  4. Frank Perry. "East Brother - History of an Island Light Station" . Retrieved 19 June 2021.