Crown Memorial State Beach

Last updated
Crown Memorial State Beach
Crown Beach.JPG
Crown Memorial State Beach looking towards San Francisco. The city, the Bay Bridge and part of the USS Hornet are visible in the background.
Crown Memorial State Beach
LocationSan Francisco Bay, California
Nearest cityAlameda, California
Operated byEast Bay Regional Parks District

Crown Memorial State Beach is a state park in the city of Alameda, CA on the shores of San Francisco Bay. It is operated by East Bay Regional Parks District (EBRPD), under a cooperative agreement with the State of California and the City of Alameda.

Contents

Description

The park's Crab Cove Visitor Center, at the north end of the beach, features exhibits about the marine life environment of San Francisco Bay, the history of Alameda, and the importance of the Bay. There is an 800-gallon aquarium system with interactive stations for viewing sea creatures up close. [1] Naturalists offer programs for schools and other groups, and weekend nature programs and lectures. The park's visitor center is located at Crab Cove.

The Elsie Roemer Bird Sanctuary, at the east end of the beach, is currently undergoing restoration and is closed to visitors until this work is completed. [2]

History

Bathing Pavilion, Neptune Beach, Alameda, California in 1917 Bathing Pavilion, Neptune Beach, Alameda, California (1917).jpg
Bathing Pavilion, Neptune Beach, Alameda, California in 1917

From the 1880s until the U.S. entry into World War II in December, 1941, the area around the visitor center was part of Neptune Beach, an amusement park and resort community that featured bathing spas and waterfront houses. It was formally called Alameda Beach and nicknamed "Coney Island of the West." [2] During World War II, the site was used as a training base for Merchant Marine commanders. The park was subsequently known as "Alameda Memorial Beach" until it was renamed for a local politician, Assemblyman Robert W. Crown (1922 - 1973) who was struck and killed by a vehicle while crossing the street. [lower-alpha 1] The current visitor center building was used as the base infirmary. [3]

The beach is 2.5 miles (4.0 km) long. [2] By 1982, it had become dangerously eroded, so a restoration project employed a barge to pump sand from the bay back onto the beach. The restoration was not permanent, even though groins had been installed, and another such project was undertaken in 2013. This project pumped 82,600 cubic yards (63,200 m3) of sand onto shore, restoring the beach and its dunes. [2]

The visitor center's current exhibits opened in 2004. The beach is a popular destination for birdwatchers in the fall and winter. Sea birds such as grebes, ducks, and loons are viewed. [1] Most of the beach received a grade of A or B for year-round water quality in 2010. [4]

In 2015, EBRPD agreed to buy 3 acres (0.012 km2) of land on McKay Avenue that had once housed a U. S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) facility. The price was reported to be $2,182,500. The fate of the parcel, known as Neptune Point, had become quite controversial in 2011, when the General Services Administration (GSA), announced that it would sell the property to a private developer who wished to build 48 private luxury homes adjacent to Crown Memorial Beach Park. Attempting to expedite the sale, the U.S. Government sued the State of California and the park district in an eminent domain action in 2014. The California Attorney General, working with attorneys for EBRPD and California State Parks, countered by asserting that eminent domain could only be used for a public benefit, not for the private benefit of a developer. They proposed an alternative whereby if the proposed sale were allowed, the U. S. Government would have to pay the state and the park agencies $1.4 million in compensation. [5]

Activities

Swimming is allowed year-round during park hours. There is a bathhouse on the west end of the beach. There are no lifeguards. [2]

Crown Memorial State Beach has no boat launch facilities. Windsurfing, kiteboarding, and small craft such as kayaks are permitted. [2]

Access fees are levied for pet dogs. No dogs are allowed on the beach. Visitors are allowed to bring dogs onto lawns and paved pathways, but must be under owner's control at all times and on a leash (maximum length 6 feet (1.8 m)). Owners are expected to clean up after their dog.

Picnic tables and barbecue pits are located next to the bathhouse. Some of these are reservable.

Some areas of the park are accessible by wheelchair. Beach wheelchairs are available on a first-come basis at no charge.

See also

Notes

  1. Crown was honored because he had campaigned for preservation of the beach as a public park. [2]

Related Research Articles

Alameda, California City in California in the United States

Alameda is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. It is located on Alameda Island and Bay Farm Island. It is adjacent to and south of Oakland and east of San Francisco across the San Francisco Bay. Bay Farm Island, a portion of which is also known as "Harbor Bay Isle", is part of the mainland adjacent to Oakland International Airport. The city's estimated 2019 population was 77,624. Alameda is a charter city, rather than a general law city, which allows it to provide for any form of government. Alameda became a charter city and adopted a council–manager government in 1916.

East Bay Regional Park District

The East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) is a special district operating in Alameda County and Contra Costa County, California, within the East Bay area of the San Francisco Bay Area. It maintains and operates a system of regional parks which is the largest urban regional park district in the United States. The administrative office is located in Oakland.

Point Pinole Regional Shoreline regional park in San Pablo Bay, California

Point Pinole Regional Shoreline is a regional park on the shores of the San Pablo Bay, California, in the United States. It is approximately 2,315 acres (9.37 km2) in area, and is operated by the East Bay Regional Park District. It includes the Dotson Family Marsh and the Point Pinole Lagoon and hosts the North Richmond Shoreline Festival.

Coyote Hills Regional Park

Coyote Hills Regional Park is a regional park encompassing nearly 978 acres of land and administered by the East Bay Regional Park District. The park, which was dedicated to public use in 1967, is located in Fremont, California, USA, on the southeast shore of the San Francisco Bay. The Coyote Hills themselves are a small range of hills at the edge of the bay; though not reaching any great height, they afford tremendous views of the bay, three of the trans-bay bridges, the cities of San Francisco and Oakland, the Peninsula Range of the Santa Cruz Mountains and Mount Tamalpais. In addition to the hills themselves, the park encloses a substantial area of wetlands.

Aquatic Park Cove

Aquatic Park Historic District is a National Historic Landmark and building complex on the San Francisco Bay waterfront within San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park.

McLaughlin Eastshore State Park

McLaughlin Eastshore State Park is a state park and wildlife refuge along the San Francisco Bay shoreline of the East Bay between the cities of Richmond, Albany, Berkeley, Emeryville, and Oakland. It encompasses remnant natural wetlands, restored wetlands, as well as landfill west of the Eastshore Freeway. Its shoreline is 8.5 miles (13.7 km) long, and its total area is 1,854 acres (750 ha), which includes both tidelands and uplands. Originally named just Eastshore State Park, it was renamed in October 2012 to honor Save the Bay founder Sylvia McLaughlin. Prior to 2013, it was jointly managed by the California State Parks and East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD). The state agency and EBRPD executed a 30-year agreement for EBRPD to manage the park.

Point Isabel Regional Shoreline

Point Isabel Regional Shoreline in Richmond, California, is operated by East Bay Regional Park District, and is a multi-use park for joggers, windsurfers, kayakers, photographers, picnickers, and people walking dogs. It has access for pedestrians and via public transit, private vehicles, and bikes. It also features a concession offering food for people and grooming for pets. A longtime community organization and nonprofit, Point Isabel Dog Owners and Friends (PIDO), is active in the maintenance and improvement of the park.

Middle Harbor Shoreline Park public park in Oakland, California, USA

Middle Harbor Shoreline Park (MHSP) is located on San Francisco Bay and the Port of Oakland entrance channel, west of downtown Oakland, California. It is owned and operated by the Port of Oakland. The park entrance is at the intersection of 7th Street and Middle Harbor Road. It is open seven days a week from 8 a.m. to dusk.

Neptune Beach (California)

Neptune Beach was an amusement park on the shore of San Francisco Bay in the city of Alameda, California. The park was served by the Southern Pacific Transportation Company and ferries from San Francisco. It operated from 1917 until it closed in 1939.

Brushy Peak Regional Preserve

Brushy Peak Regional Preserve is a regional park that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks (EBRPD) and the Livermore Area Recreation and Park District (LARPD) systems. It is located in unincorporated land in Alameda County, just north of Livermore, California.

Cull Canyon Regional Recreation Area (CCRRA) is a regional park located in Castro Valley, Alameda County, California. It is part of the East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) system.

Del Valle Regional Park

Del Valle Regional Park is a part of the East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) in an unincorporated region of Alameda County, California, 10 miles (16 km) south of the city of Livermore. The park covers 4,316 acres.

Quarry Lakes Regional Recreation Area

Quarry Lakes Regional Recreation Area is a regional park located in Fremont, California that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks system. Before being converted into a park, the site was used as a gravel quarry. When water purchased by the public for groundwater recharge of the Niles Cone flooded the gravel pits, the gravel harvesters began to daily pump the seeping water down Alameda Creek into San Francisco Bay. The Alameda County Water District acquired the quarry after the pumping was declared to be an illegal waste in 1976.

Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve

Robert Sibley Volcanic Regional Preserve is located in the Berkeley Hills of the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area, California. The park is part of the East Bay Regional Parks District (EBRPD), covers 928 acres (3.76 km2), and lies east of Oakland, partly in Alameda County and partly in Contra Costa County. It can be entered from Oakland via Skyline Boulevard, or from Contra Costa County via Old Tunnel Road.

Roberts Regional Recreation Area (RRRA) is an area adjacent to Redwood Regional Park located in Alameda County next to Oakland, CA and is part of the East Bay Regional Parks (EBRPD). It is across Skyline Drive from the City of Oakland's Joaquin Miller Park. Kaiser Aluminum and Chemical Corp. adopted Roberts Park in 1979, under the newly-developed Adopt-a-Park program, which promised continued funding. This was the first park in EBRPD to be so adopted.

Shadow Cliffs Regional Recreation Area is a regional park on the border of Pleasanton, California, and Livermore, California that is part of the East Bay Regional Parks (EBRP) system on Stanley Blvd. The lake was once a gravel pit, but then included a sandy beach with swimming, water slides and it supports fishing and recreational boating. Now the water slides have been taken down and is now planned to be replaced by an Interpretive Center. The park is also a popular picnic ground.

Dotson Family Marsh

The Dotson Family Marsh, formerly Breuner Marsh, is a 238-acre regional park on San Pablo Bay in the East San Francisco Bay Area city of Richmond, California, In 2009 the East Bay Regional Parks District acquired the Breuner Marsh site, adding it to Point Pinole Regional Shoreline. A habitat restoration plan for 60 acres of wetlands and 90 acres of California coastal prairie was subsequently approved.

Oyster Bay Regional Shoreline is a park in San Leandro, California, part of the East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD). It is located along the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay directly to the south of Oakland International Airport. The property was originally used as a landfill for 37 years, until it was filled to capacity in 1977, when it was capped with a clay cover. EBRPD bought the property in 1980, intending to use it as a park.

Vargas Plateau Regional Park sits on a plateau in the Fremont Hills of Alameda County, California that overlooks the San Francisco Bay, Niles Canyon, and the cities of Fremont, Union City and Newark. The elevation of the park is about 1,000 feet (300 m), making it an important link with nearby ridge-top parks such as Garin Regional Park, Pleasanton Ridge Regional Park, Mission Peak Regional Preserve, and Sunol Regional Wilderness.

Five Canyons Open Space

Five Canyons Open Space (FCOS) is located in Castro Valley, in Alameda County, California. Five Canyons is a multi-agency collaboration between East Bay Regional Parks District (EBRPD), Alameda County Public Works, Hayward Area Recreation and Parks District (HARD), and several homeowners associations. EBRPD is the lead agency for this open space. FCOS opened in 1998, consists of 300 acres (1.2 km2) and 5 miles (8.0 km) of trails and has almost no amenities. The main visitors are hikers, bicyclists, equestrians and dog walkers. Restrooms and drinking water are available at HARD's nearby Five Canyons Park.

References

  1. 1 2 Northern California. Heathrow, Florida: AAA Publishing. 2012. p. 43.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Crown Memorial State Beach." East Bay Regional Parks District. Accessed August 13, 2017.
  3. http://www.ebparks.org/parks/vc/crab_cove Crab Cove Visitor Center
  4. Bay Area beaches grade well for safe swimming, May 27, 2010 by Carolyn Jones, San Francisco Chronicle
  5. Karnes, Bea. "Crown Memorial State Beach to Expand." Alameda Patch. October 27, 2015. Accessed August 13, 2017.