San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge

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San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
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Location San Joaquin County, Stanislaus County, California, United States
Nearest city Modesto, California
Coordinates 37°37′33″N121°12′05″W / 37.6259°N 121.2014°W / 37.6259; -121.2014 Coordinates: 37°37′33″N121°12′05″W / 37.6259°N 121.2014°W / 37.6259; -121.2014 [1]
Area7,000 acres (28 km2)
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Website San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge

The San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge is a protected area of along the San Joaquin River in the northern San Joaquin Valley, California. It is within San Joaquin County and Stanislaus County.


It protects more than 7,000 acres (28 km2) of riparian woodlands, wetlands, and grasslands and hosts a diversity of native wildlife.

Established in 1987 under the authority of the Endangered Species and Migratory Bird Conservation Acts, the refuge has also played a major role in the recovery of Aleutian cackling geese.

Riparian forest

Within the borders of the San Joaquin National Wildlife Refuge is one of California's largest riparian forest restoration projects. [2] 400,000 native trees have been planted across 1,700 acres (6.9 km2) of the river's floodplain. [3] The major project was led by River Partners, Inc., a non-profit organization committed to restoring riparian zone habitat for wildlife. [4]

Riparian forests, which once covered large portions of California's Central Valley, have been greatly reduced due to state and federal water projects and diversions. The riparian habitat is host to many rare animals. Swainson's hawks nest in the canopy of tall cottonwood trees. Herons and cormorants form communal nesting colonies within the tops of the large oaks on Christman Island. Endangered riparian brush rabbits have been reintroduced to their historic habitat from captive-reared populations. [5] [6]

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Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge Protected natural area in California, United States

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Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge Protected area in Arizona

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Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge

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Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge

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Sutter National Wildlife Refuge

Sutter National Wildlife Refuge, the southernmost refuge in the Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Complex, is located in the Sacramento Valley of California, about 50 miles (80 km) north of the metropolitan area of Sacramento. The refuge consists of about 2,600 acres (11 km2), consisting primarily of wetland impoundments with some riparian and grassland habitat.

Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge Wildlife refuge near Sacramento, California

The Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, located south of Sacramento, California, lies within the Sacramento-San Joaquin delta, the destination of thousands of migrating waterfowl, shorebirds, and other water birds. The refuge was established in 1994.

San Luis National Wildlife Refuge Wildlife refuge in Merced County, California

The San Luis National Wildlife Refuge in the San Joaquin Valley of central California is one of the great remnants of a historically bountiful wintering grounds for migratory waterfowl on the Pacific Flyway. Located in the Bear Creek, Salt Slough, and San Joaquin River floodplain, it hosts a myriad of tree-lined channels and oxbows, wetlands and native grasslands.

Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge California condor preserve in Ventura County, California

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Canebrake Ecological Reserve Ecological reserve in the South Fork Valley of Kern County, California

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Kern River Preserve

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  1. "San Joaquin River NWR Pelican Nature Trail" (PDF). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
  2. Ronayne, Kathleen (2022-04-19). "California leads effort to let rivers roam, lower flood risk". AP News. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  3. "Three Amigos – Mid San Joaquin River Regional Flood Management Plan". River Partners. February 4, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  4. Bardeen, Sarah (April 18, 2022). "California's Rivers Could Help Protect the State from Flood and Drought". Public Policy Institute of California. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  5. McConnell, Tatum (April 15, 2022). "New Vaccine Could Save Rabbits from Fatal Disease". Scientific American. Retrieved 2022-04-19.
  6. Sanden, Dave. "Vanished rabbit reappears on central California's Dos Rios Ranch". U S. Department of Agriculture | Natural Resources Conservation Service.

PD-icon.svg This article incorporates  public domain material from websites or documents ofthe United States Fish and Wildlife Service .