Anderson Marsh State Historic Park

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Anderson Marsh State Historic Park
Ranch House.jpg
The Ranch House at Anderson March State Historic Park
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Location Lake County, California, USA
Nearest city Clearlake, California
Coordinates 38°55′25″N122°37′30″W / 38.92361°N 122.62500°W / 38.92361; -122.62500 Coordinates: 38°55′25″N122°37′30″W / 38.92361°N 122.62500°W / 38.92361; -122.62500
Area1,298 acres (5.25 km2)
Established1982
Governing body California Department of Parks and Recreation

Anderson Marsh State Historic Park is a California State Historic Park and nature reserve preserving a tule marsh, archaeological sites of the Pomo people, and historic ranch structures. [1] It is located in Lake County, California, USA. [2] Anderson Marsh is located at the head of Cache Creek on the southeast corner of Clear Lake, the largest natural lake completely within the borders of California. [2] The park is between the cities of Lower Lake and Clearlake on State Route 53, north of Calistoga in the wine country. [3] The park is open year-round. [4]

Nature reserve Protected area for flora, fauna or features of geological interest

A nature reserve may also be known as a natural reserve, wildlife refuge or sanctuary, biosphere reserve (bioreserve), natural or nature preserve, or nature conservation area. It is a protected area of importance for flora, fauna, or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for purposes of conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, or by private landowners, such as charities, and research institutions. Nature reserves fall into different IUCN categories depending on the level of protection afforded by local laws. Normally it is more strictly protected than a nature park. Various jurisdictions may use other terminology, such as ecological protection area or private protected area in legislation and in reserves' official names.

Lake County, California County in California, United States

Lake County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,665. The county seat is Lakeport. The county takes its name from Clear Lake, the dominant geographic feature in the county and the largest natural lake wholly within California.

California U.S. state in the United States

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents across a total area of about 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

Contents

Natural history

The Anderson Marsh Park contains 1,065 acres (431 ha) of native bunch grass-covered hills, oak woodland, and Tule (Schoenoplectus acutus) marshes. It protects several habitats including: freshwater marsh wetlands, native grasslands, California oak woodlands, and riparian woodlands. Aquatic and terrestrial wildlife include: large mouth bass, bluegill, catfish, crappie, the north-western pond turtle, bats, gray fox, frogs, garter snakes, mink, muskrats, opossums, raccoon, river otter, skunks, and toads. [5]

Oak genus of plants

An oak is a tree or shrub in the genus Quercus of the beech family, Fagaceae. There are approximately 600 extant species of oaks. The common name "oak" also appears in the names of species in related genera, notably Lithocarpus, as well as in those of unrelated species such as Grevillea robusta and the Casuarinaceae (she-oaks). The genus Quercus is native to the Northern Hemisphere, and includes deciduous and evergreen species extending from cool temperate to tropical latitudes in the Americas, Asia, Europe, and North Africa. North America contains the largest number of oak species, with approximately 90 occurring in the United States, while Mexico has 160 species of which 109 are endemic. The second greatest center of oak diversity is China, which contains approximately 100 species.

Woodland low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade

A woodland or wood is a low-density forest forming open habitats with plenty of sunlight and limited shade. Woodlands may support an understory of shrubs and herbaceous plants including grasses. Woodland may form a transition to shrubland under drier conditions or during early stages of primary or secondary succession. Higher density areas of trees with a largely closed canopy that provides extensive and nearly continuous shade are referred to as forests.

Approximately 151 different bird species, both migrating and resident, have been identified in the park. [6]

History

The Southeastern Pomo Native Americans, one of the largest groups of indigenous peoples of the Americas in pre-Columbian California, lived in the area of present-day Anderson Marsh State Historic Park, and their descendants continue to do so nearby. Anderson Marsh's archaeological sites provide artifacts of the Pomo people. Some sites are among the oldest found in California, dated at over 10,000 years old. [2] After recording 43 prehistoric sites, John Parker nominated the area to the National Register of Historic Places and began a campaign to have the sites acquired as a new State Park. [7]

Pomo indigenous people of California

The Pomo are an indigenous people of California. The historic Pomo territory in northern California was large, bordered by the Pacific Coast to the west, extending inland to Clear Lake, and mainly between Cleone and Duncans Point. One small group, the Northeastern Pomo of the Stonyford vicinity of Colusa County, was separated from the core Pomo area by lands inhabited by Yuki and Wintuan speakers.

Native Americans in the United States Indigenous peoples of the United States (except Hawaii)

Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States, except Hawaii and territories of the United States. More than 570 federally recognized tribes live within the US, about half of which are associated with Indian reservations. The term "American Indian" excludes Native Hawaiians and some Alaskan Natives, while "Native Americans" are American Indians, plus Alaska Natives of all ethnicities. The US Census does not include Native Hawaiians or Chamorro, instead being included in the Census grouping of "Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander".

Indigenous peoples of the Americas Pre-Columbian inhabitants of North, Central and South America and their descendants

The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the Pre-Columbian peoples of North, Central and South America and their descendants.

John Grigsby homesteaded in 1854 with his family, and built a small house. [8] Scotsman John Still Anderson, with his wife and six children, bought the property from Grigsby in 1884, built what is now known as the Ranch House, and ran a dairy and raised beef cattle. Their descendants lived in the Ranch House until the 1960s.

The State Historic Park was named after John Still Anderson in 1982 after the State of California acquired the Anderson Marsh. [5] [8] [9]

Visitor attractions

Activities

The park offers bird watching, hiking, a bluegrass musical festival, and interpretive programs, including a historic ranch home.

Anderson Marsh Interpretive Association - AMIA

The Anderson Marsh Interpretive Association (AMIA) was formed in 1984 by park staff and other volunteers. The primary objectives of the association are to promote the education and interpretive activities of this park. AMIA also funds projects including: habitat conservation and restoration work, trail accessibility construction and maintenance, providing interpretive displays and written information, facilities and historical objects rehabilitation, and acquiring interpretive items.

Closure proposal

Anderson Marsh State Historic Park is one of 70 California state parks scheduled to close in 2012 by California Governor Jerry Brown. The park will close July 2012 to achieve part of the $11 million budget reduction for the 2011/2012 fiscal year. [10] This park and 47 other state parks were previously slated for closure in 2008 for financial reasons, [11] but was saved from closure.

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

Books

Videography

Notes

  1. https://www.academia.edu/4136675/Pipe_Dreams_Timeline_of_Events_Leading_to_Anderson_Marsh_State_Historic_Park six-year outline of how the park was acquired.
  2. 1 2 3 California, California State Parks, State of. "Anderson Marsh SHP". CA State Parks.
  3. "Anderson Marsh State Historic Park". WhatsYour20. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  4. "Anderson Marsh State Historic Park". Go-california.com. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  5. 1 2 "Lake County's Southern Crossing". Lcrem.com. Archived from the original on 3 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  6. "Lake County Visitor Guide - Birding / Birdwatching - Northern California Travel". Lakecounty.com. Archived from the original on 19 April 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  7. https://www.academia.edu/4136675/Pipe_Dreams_Timeline_of_Events_Leading_to_Anderson_Marsh_State_Historic_Park Six-year outline of how the park was acquired.
  8. 1 2 "Northern California's Lake County Travel Guide - Vacation & Recreation Destination". Lakecounty.com. Archived from the original on 6 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  9. "Lower Lake, California Real Estate, Lower Lake Relocation". RelocateAmerica. Archived from the original on 2007-08-18. Retrieved 2009-05-22.
  10. "roughin.it". roughin.it.
  11. "CalParks.org: 2008 Park Closures Announced" Archived 2011-07-25 at the Wayback Machine