King Range (California)

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King Range
King Range National Conservation Area (18806105560).jpg
Beach & surf, King Range National Conservation Area
Highest point
Peak King Peak
Elevation 4,091 ft (1,247 m) [1]
Coordinates 40°09′25″N124°07′27″W / 40.15694°N 124.12417°W / 40.15694; -124.12417 [1]
Geography
Relief map of California.png
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Location of the King Range in California [2]
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Red triangle with thick white border.svg
King Range (California) (the United States)
CountryUnited States
State California
County Humboldt County
Range coordinates 40°09′54.506″N124°08′3.141″W / 40.16514056°N 124.13420583°W / 40.16514056; -124.13420583 Coordinates: 40°09′54.506″N124°08′3.141″W / 40.16514056°N 124.13420583°W / 40.16514056; -124.13420583
Topo map USGS  Shubrick Peak

The King Range is a mountain range of the Outer Northern California Coast Ranges System, located entirely within Humboldt County on the North Coast of California.

Contents

Geography

Much of the mountain range's area is protected within the King Range National Conservation Area, a National Conservation Area unit of the National Landscape Conservation System, and in the King Range Wilderness Area , both managed by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). [3]

As part of the Northern Coast Ranges, the King Range runs parallel to the coast, and its western slopes fall steeply to the Pacific Ocean.

The King Range is adjacent to the Mendocino Triple Junction, where three tectonic plates — the Pacific Plate, the North American Plate, and the Juan de Fuca Plate — meet. The area experiences frequent earthquakes.

Most mountains and ridges in the range are low to moderate in elevation. King Peak, at 4,091 feet (1,247 m), is the highest mountain in the range. [1] Snow falls above 3,281 feet (1,000 m) a couple of times per year.

Natural history

The range is part of the Northern California coastal forests ecoregion. It is largely forested with climax-dominant trees including coast Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii ssp. menziesii), coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens), and tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus).

The rivers and streams that drain the range include the Mattole River. Four federally endangered species occur in the range: the Coho Salmon, Chinook Salmon, steelhead, and northern spotted owl. [3] Other wildlife includes brown pelican, bald eagle, peregrine falcon, Roosevelt elk, osprey, otter, gray fox and black bear. [4]

History

Historically, the King Range was home to the Native American Mattole and Sinkyone peoples. In the 19th century, the region was opened to commercial logging, fishing, ranching, and tanning.

In 1936 and 1937, due to the rugged terrain of the King Range and Mendocino Range to its south, engineers assigned to designing the new State Route 1 were forced to site the highway further inland/east towards the town of Leggett in its route north from Westport. Subsequently, the inaccessible coastal wilderness, known as the Lost Coast, remains the longest undeveloped stretch of coast in California.

In 1970 the U.S. Congress designated 60,000 acres (240 km2) of the range as the King Range National Conservation Area. [3] It is primarily located within southwestern Humboldt County, and extends into the far northwestern corner of Mendocino County.

In 2000 President Bill Clinton signed the law designating the rocks and islands just offshore as the California Coast National Monument. [4]

In 2006 the U.S. Congress designated 42,585 acres (172.34 km2) of the National Conservation Area as the King Range Wilderness. [3] [4] The California Coastal trail goes from end to end of the range. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Mattole

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Lost Coast Region of California in the United States

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Mattole River river in the United States of America

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Petrolia, California Unincorporated community in California, United States

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Nevada Wilderness Areas

In 1989 the U.S. Government enacted the Nevada Wilderness Bill, expanding the one existing Wilderness Area (Jarbidge) and creating thirteen new areas. The estimated total of 733,400 acres (296,800 ha) was over eleven times the area that had previously been under wilderness protection.

Shelter Cove, California census-designated place in California, United States

Shelter Cove is a census-designated place in Humboldt County, California. It lies at an elevation of 138 feet. Shelter Cove is on California's Lost Coast where the King Range meets the Pacific Ocean. A nine-hole golf course surrounds the one-runway Shelter Cove Airport at the center of Shelter Cove's commercial district. Utilities are provided by the Humboldt County Resort Improvement District #1 and boating access to the sea is managed by the Humboldt Bay Harbor, Recreation & Conservation District. The population was 693 at the 2010 census.

Snow Mountain Wilderness

The Snow Mountain Wilderness is a 60,076-acre (243.12 km2) federally designated wilderness area located 65 miles (105 km) north of Santa Rosa, California, USA in the Mendocino National Forest. The U.S. Congress passed the California Wilderness Act of 1984 which created 23 new wilderness areas including Snow Mountain. It lies within the North Coast Range of mountains.

Yolla Bolly–Middle Eel Wilderness

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Sinkyone Wilderness State Park

Sinkyone Wilderness State Park is a state park in Mendocino County, California. The wilderness area borders the Pacific Ocean to the west and the King Range National Conservation Area to the north. The nearest settlement is the unincorporated town of Leggett. The lack of major road and highway access has led to the Sinkyone Wilderness area being referred to as the Lost Coast.

King Range Wilderness

The King Range Wilderness is a 42,585-acre (172 km2) federally designated wilderness area within the King Range National Conservation Area in northern California, United States. The area was set aside with the passage of the Northern California Coastal Wild Heritage Wilderness Act of 2006. The Bureau of Land Management is the responsible agency and is currently working on a Management Plan for the King Range Wilderness. This section of California's coastline is known as the "Lost Coast", a landscape too rugged for highway building, which forced the construction of State Highway 1 and U.S. 101 inland. The King Range Wilderness is the longest undeveloped coast, outside of Alaska, in the United States.

North Fork Eel River

The North Fork Eel River is the smallest of four major tributaries of the Eel River in northwestern California in the United States. It drains a rugged wilderness area of about 286 square miles (740 km2) in the California Coast Ranges, and flows through national forests for much of its length. Very few people inhabit the relatively pristine watershed of the river; there are no operational stream gauges and only one bridge that crosses the river, near the boundary between Trinity and Mendocino Counties.

Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument

Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument is a national monument of the United States comprising 330,780 acres (133,860 ha) of the California Coast Ranges in Napa, Yolo, Solano, Lake, Colusa, Glenn and Mendocino counties in northern California. Cache Creek Wilderness is located within the monument.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "King Peak". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  2. "King Range". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 4 May 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 4 "Environmental Charges Filed For Marijuana Grow On Ecological Reserve". United States Attorneys Office Northern District of California News. U.S. Department of Justice. 16 October 2012. p. 1. Retrieved 8 December 2012. The King Range National Conservation Area is often referred to as the 'crown jewel' of land protected by BLM and is part of a larger system of national conservation areas, monuments, and reserves protecting nationally-significant landscapes throughout the western United States.
  4. 1 2 3 4 "King Range Wilderness". Wilderness.net. University of Montana. Retrieved 8 December 2012.