Marin Creek

Last updated
Marin Creek
(Upper) Marin Creek
Village Creek (Lower Marin Creek)
Marin Creek.jpg
Daylighted portion of lower Marin Creek (Village Creek) in the Gill Tract, UC Village area
Relief map of California.png
Red pog.svg
Location of the mouth of Marin Creek in California
Location
Country United States
State California
Region Alameda County
City Berkeley and Albany, California
Physical characteristics
Source springs
 - location Berkeley Hills
 - coordinates 37°53′24″N122°16′31″W / 37.89000°N 122.27528°W / 37.89000; -122.27528
Mouth Eastshore embayment, San Francisco Bay
 - location
Albany Beach, United States
 - coordinates
37°53′19″N122°18′31″W / 37.88861°N 122.30861°W / 37.88861; -122.30861 Coordinates: 37°53′19″N122°18′31″W / 37.88861°N 122.30861°W / 37.88861; -122.30861
Basin features
River system Codornices Creek

Marin Creek is a creek tributary of Codornices Creek in northwestern Alameda County, California. [1] The lower stretch of Marin Creek is also known as Village Creek.

Stream A body of surface water flowing down a channel

A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the bed and banks of a channel. The stream encompasses surface and groundwater fluxes that respond to geological, geomorphological, hydrological and biotic controls.

Codornices Creek river in the United States of America

Codornices Creek, 2.0 miles (3.2 km) long, is one of the principal creeks which runs out of the Berkeley Hills in the East Bay area of the San Francisco Bay Area in California. In its upper stretch, it passes entirely within the city limits of Berkeley, and marks the city limit with the adjacent city of Albany in its lower section. Before European settlement, Codornices probably had no direct, permanent connection to San Francisco Bay. Like many other small creeks, it filtered through what early maps show as grassland to a large, northward-running salt marsh and slough that also carried waters from Marin Creek and Schoolhouse Creek. A channel was cut through in the 19th Century, and Codornices flows directly to San Francisco Bay by way of a narrow remnant slough adjacent to Golden Gate Fields racetrack.

Alameda County, California County in California

Alameda County is a county in the state of California in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,510,271, making it the 7th-most populous county in the state. The county seat is Oakland. Alameda County is included in the San Francisco Bay Area, occupying much of the East Bay region.

Contents

Overview

The creek runs from the Berkeley Hills through the cities of Berkeley and Albany to San Francisco Bay. Throughout much of its course, it runs in culverts. Below San Pablo Avenue through the University Village, it runs in the open in several stretches. It was daylighted in the course of the construction of the Target store between Eastshore Highway and the Union Pacific tracks. [1] [2] [3] The creek empties into a slough it shares with Codornices Creek and Schoolhouse Creek. The slough, which has been largely filled in, lies between the Golden Gate Fields racetrack and the Eastshore Freeway. [4]

Berkeley Hills

The Berkeley Hills are a range of the Pacific Coast Ranges that overlook the northeast side of the valley that encompasses San Francisco Bay. They were previously called the "Contra Costa Range/Hills", but with the establishment of Berkeley and the University of California, the current usage was applied by geographers and gazetteers.

Berkeley, California City in California, United States

Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern Alameda County, California. It is named after the 18th-century Irish bishop and philosopher George Berkeley. It borders the cities of Oakland and Emeryville to the south and the city of Albany and the unincorporated community of Kensington to the north. Its eastern border with Contra Costa County generally follows the ridge of the Berkeley Hills. The 2010 census recorded a population of 112,580.

Albany, California City in California, United States

Albany is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northwestern Alameda County, California. The population was 18,539 at the 2010 census and is estimated to be 20,143 in 2017.

Open sections of the creek are maintained by Friends of the Five Creeks, a community organization.

In the early 20th century, a portion of the creek flowed through a channel in the center of Marin Avenue in Albany, which has since been culverted. In fact the creek has been culverted nearly in its entirety under Marin Avenue. [5] Culverting of this creek has led to flooding and drainage problems in Albany, as this practice is not a sound nor permanent method of containing drainwater. [6]

Culvert Structure that allows the passage of water or organisms under an obstruction

A culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction from one side to the other side. Typically embedded so as to be surrounded by soil, a culvert may be made from a pipe, reinforced concrete or other material. In the United Kingdom, the word can also be used for a longer artificially buried watercourse.

A short stretch of Lower Marin Creek in the UC Village area of Albany, East Bay, California, has been daylighted Marin Creek.jpg
A short stretch of Lower Marin Creek in the UC Village area of Albany, East Bay, California, has been daylighted

The University of California Berkeley daylighted a portion of Lower Marin or Village Creek. The 900-foot (0.27 km) stretch of the creek through UC Village has been modeled into an 1,125-foot (0.34 km) 0.77 acre (.31 hectares) riparian habitat with the purposes of habitat restoration and community protection from a 100 year flood. [7]

UC Village human settlement in California, United States of America

UC Village, also called University Village or University Village Albany, is a housing community for students who are married or have dependents. It is owned and administered by the University of California, Berkeley. It is located within the city limits of Albany about two miles away from the main Berkeley campus, at an elevation of 26 feet. It was originally known as Codornices Village, and later, Albany Village. It is also commonly referred to as The Village.

Notes

  1. 1 2 Codornices Creek Watershed Map, Guide to San Francisco Bay Area Creeks, museumca.org, Museum of California, retrieved March 12, 2008
  2. Creek mouths along the Bay Trail in Berkeley, Albany, and south Richmond, by Susan Schwartz, Friends of Five Creeks, March 9, 2003, retrieved March 12, 2008
  3. Marin Creek, ACME.com, retrieved March 12, 2008
  4. Eastshore State Park Walk, The Pre-Goldrush Waterfront, Susan Schwartz, October 1999, retrieved March 12, 2008
  5. M, Diablo Audubon, retrieved March 12, 2008
  6. CITY OF ALBANY CITY COUNCIL AGENDA STAFF REPORT, February 4, 2008, retrieved March 12, 2008
  7. Post Project Appraisal of Village Creek Restoration, Albany, CA , by Melissa Asher and Kaumudi Atapattu, Fall 2005, retrieved March 12, 2008

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