Isocoumarin

Last updated
Isocoumarin
Isocoumarin.svg
Names
IUPAC name
1H-Isochromen-1-one
Other names
Iso-coumarin; 1H-2-Benzopyran-1-one; 3,4-Benzo-2-pyrone
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
PubChem CID
Properties
C9H6O2
Molar mass 146.15 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Isocoumarin (1H-2-benzopyran-1-one; 3,4-benzo-2-pyrone) is a lactone, a type of natural organic compound.

Lactones are cyclic carboxylic esters, containing a 1-oxacycloalkan-2-one structure, or analogues having unsaturation or heteroatoms replacing one or more carbon atoms of the ring.

Contents

Known natural compounds

dihydroisocoumarins
Hydrangenol chemical compound

Hydrangenol is a dihydroisocoumarin. It can be found in Hydrangea macrophylla, as well as its 8-O-glucoside. (-)-hydrangenol 4'-O-glucoside and (+)-hydrangenol 4'-O-glucoside can be found in Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium, the processed leaves of H. macrophylla var. thunbergii.

Phyllodulcin chemical compound

Phyllodulcin is a dihydroisocoumarin found in Hydrangea macrophylla and Hydrangea serrata. It is a sweetener 400-800 sweeter than sugar.

Thunberginol C chemical compound

Thunberginol C is a dihydroisocoumarin found in Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium, the processed leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii.

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Hydrangea macrophylla</i> species of plant

Hydrangea macrophylla is a species of flowering plant in the family Hydrangeaceae, native to Japan. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 2 m (7 ft) tall by 2.5 m (8 ft) broad with large heads of pink or blue flowers in summer and autumn. Common names include bigleaf hydrangea, French hydrangea, lacecap hydrangea, mophead hydrangea, penny mac and hortensia. It is widely cultivated in many parts of the world in many climates. It is not to be confused with H. aspera 'Macrophylla'.

Delphinidin chemical compound

Delphinidin is an anthocyanidin, a primary plant pigment, and also an antioxidant. Delphinidin gives blue hues to flowers in the genera Viola and Delphinium. It also gives the blue-red color of the grape that produces Cabernet Sauvignon, and can be found in cranberries and Concord grapes as well as pomegranates, and bilberries.

<i>Lycium chinense</i> species of plant

Lycium chinense is one of two species of boxthorn in the family Solanaceae from which the goji berry or wolfberry is harvested, the other being Lycium barbarum. Two varieties are recognized, L. chinense var. chinense and L. chinense var. potaninii. It is grown in the south of China, while L. barbarum is grown in the north, primarily in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.

Benzopyran chemical compound

Benzopyran is a polycyclic organic compound that results from the fusion of a benzene ring to a heterocyclic pyran ring.

Coumestan chemical compound

Coumestan is a heterocyclic organic compound. Coumestan forms the central core of a variety of natural compounds known collectively as coumestans. Coumestans are oxidation products of pterocarpan that are similar to coumarin. Coumestans, including coumestrol, a phytoestrogen, are found in a variety of plants. Food sources high in coumestans include split peas, pinto beans, lima beans, and especially alfalfa and clover sprouts.

The molecular formula C16H14O6 may refer to:

The chemical formula C15H10O5 (molar mass : 270.23 g/mol, exact mass : 270.052823) may refer to:

The molecular formula C15H10O6 (molar mass : 286.23 g/mol, exact mass : 286.047738) may refer to:

The chemical formula C15H12O6 (molar mass : 288.25 g/mol, exact mass : 288.063388) may refer to:

The chemical formula C15H12O5 (molar mass : 272.25 g/mol, exact Mass 272.068473 u) may refer to :

Alniditan chemical compound

Alniditan is a 5-HT1D receptor agonist with migraine-preventative effects.

Huáng bǎi

Huáng bǎi or huáng bò (黄檗) is one of the fifty fundamental herbs of traditional Chinese medicine. Known also as Cortex Phellodendri, it is the bark of one of two species of Phellodendron tree: Phellodendron amurense or Phellodendron chinense.

<i>Phellodendron chinense</i> species of plant

Phellodendron chinense is a plant species in the genus Phellodendron.

Thunberginol A chemical compound

Thunberginol A is an isocoumarin found in Hydrangea macrophylla and the herbal preparation hydrangeae dulcis folium which is produced from its leaves.

Thunberginol B chemical compound

Thunberginol B is an isocoumarin found in Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium, the processed leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii.

Thunberginol D chemical compound

Thunberginol D is a dihydroisocoumarin found in Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium, the processed leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii.

Thunberginol E chemical compound

Thunberginol E is a dihydroisocoumarin found in Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium, the processed leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii.

Thunberginol G chemical compound

Thunberginol G is a dihydroisocoumarin found in Hydrangeae Dulcis Folium, the processed leaves of Hydrangea macrophylla var. thunbergii.

References

  1. Cui, WS; Tian, J; Ma, ZJ; Guo, YQ; Wang, JH; Li, X (2003). "A new isocoumarin from bark of Pellodendron chinense". Natural Product Research. 17 (6): 427–9. doi:10.1080/14786410310001617695. PMID   14577693.