|Governor of Alaska|
|Residence||Alaska Governor's Mansion|
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||William A. Egan|
|Formation||January 3, 1959|
The Governor of Alaska is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Alaska. The governor is the head of the executive branch of Alaska's state government and is charged with enforcing state laws.
Head of government is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments. The term "head of government" is often differentiated from the term "head of state", as they may be separate positions, individuals, or roles depending on the country.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
Alaska is a U.S. state in the northwest extremity of North America, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon border the state to the east and southeast. Its most extreme western part is Attu Island, and it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—southern parts of the Arctic Ocean. The Pacific Ocean lies to the south and southwest. It is the largest U.S. state by area and the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the 3rd least populous and the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States; nevertheless, it is by far the most populous territory located mostly north of the 60th parallel in North America: its population—estimated at 738,432 by the United States Census Bureau in 2015— is more than quadruple the combined populations of Northern Canada and Greenland. Approximately half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, and oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are also a significant part of the economy.
Eleven people have served as governor of the State of Alaska over 13 distinct terms, though Alaska had over 30 civilian and military governors during its long history as a United States territory. Only two governors, William A. Egan and Bill Walker, were born in Alaska. Two people, Egan and Wally Hickel, have been elected to multiple non-consecutive terms as governor. Hickel is also noted for a rare third party win in American politics, having been elected to a term in 1990 representing the Alaskan Independence Party. The longest-serving governor of the state was Egan, who was elected three times and served nearly 12 years. The longest-serving territorial governor was Ernest Gruening, who served 13½ years.
United States territory is any extent of region under the sovereign jurisdiction of the federal government of the United States, including all waters and all U.S. naval vessels. The United States asserts sovereign rights for exploring, exploiting, conserving, and managing its territory. This extent of territory is all the area belonging to, and under the dominion of, the United States federal government for administrative and other purposes. The United States total territory includes a subset of political divisions.
William Allen Egan was an American Democratic politician. He served as the first governor of the State of Alaska from January 3, 1959 to 1966 and 1970 to 1974. Born in Valdez, Alaska, Egan is one of only two governors in the state's history to have been born in Alaska. He was the Democratic nominee in five gubernatorial elections.
William Martin Walker is an American attorney and politician who served as the 11th governor of Alaska, from 2014 to 2018. He is the second native-born governor of Alaska after William A. Egan.
The current governor is Republican Mike Dunleavy, who took office on December 3, 2018.
Michael J. Dunleavy is an American politician who is the 12th governor of Alaska, serving since December 2018. A Republican, Dunleavy was a member of the Alaska Senate from 2013 through 2018. Dunleavy defeated former Democratic United States Senator Mark Begich in the 2018 gubernatorial election.
Alaska was purchased by the United States from the Russian Empire in 1867, with formal transfer occurring on October 18, 1867,which is now celebrated as Alaska Day. Before then, it was known as Russian America or Russian Alaska, controlled by the governors and general managers of the Russian-American Company.
The Alaska Purchase was the United States' acquisition of Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, by a treaty ratified by the United States Senate, and signed by President Andrew Johnson.
The Russian Empire, also known as Imperial Russia or simply Russia, was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.
Alaska Day is a legal holiday in the U.S. state of Alaska, observed on October 18. It is the anniversary of the formal transfer of the Territory of Alaska from Russia to the United States, which occurred on Friday, October 18, 1867.
The vast region was initially designated the Department of Alaska, under the jurisdiction of the Department of War and administered by the U.S. Army officers until 1877, when the Army was withdrawn from Alaska. The Department of the Treasury then took control, with the Collector of Customs as the highest ranking federal official in the territory. In 1879, the U.S. Navy was given jurisdiction over the department.
The Department of Alaska was the designation for the government of Alaska from its purchase by the United States of America in 1867 until its organization as the District of Alaska in 1884. During the department era, Alaska was variously under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Army, the U.S. Dept. of the Treasury and the U.S. Navy. The area later became the District of Alaska, then the Territory of Alaska, then the State of Alaska.
The United States Department of War, also called the War Department, was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, also bearing responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department in 1798, and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces. It is one of the seven uniformed services of the United States, and is designated as the Army of the United States in the United States Constitution. As the oldest and most senior branch of the U.S. military in order of precedence, the modern U.S. Army has its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed to fight the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783)—before the United States of America was established as a country. After the Revolutionary War, the Congress of the Confederation created the United States Army on 3 June 1784 to replace the disbanded Continental Army. The United States Army considers itself descended from the Continental Army, and dates its institutional inception from the origin of that armed force in 1775.
Some believe the first American administrator of Alaska was Polish immigrant Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski. However, the Anchorage Daily News was unable to find any conclusive information to support this claim.
The Poles, commonly referred to as the Polish people, are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Poland in Central Europe who share a common ancestry, culture, history, and are native speakers of the Polish language. The population of self-declared Poles in Poland is estimated at 37,394,000 out of an overall population of 38,538,000, of whom 36,522,000 declared Polish alone.
Włodzimierz Bonawentura Krzyżanowski was a Polish-born American engineer, politician, and military leader — during the American Civil War, a brigadier general in the Union Army.
The Anchorage Daily News is a daily newspaper published by the Binkley Co., and based in Anchorage, Alaska. The paper was purchased by Alaska Dispatch on July 20, 2014 and was published as Alaska Dispatch News until November 18, 2017, when it was sold to the Binkley Co. It is the most widely read newspaper and news website (adn.com) in the state of Alaska.
|No.||Commander||Position||Term in office|
|1||Jefferson C. Davis||Army Colonel||October 18, 1867|
August 31, 1870
|2||George K. Brady||Army Captain||September 1, 1870|
September 22, 1870
|3||John C. Tidball||Army Major||September 23, 1870|
September 19, 1871
|4||Harvey A. Allen||Army Major||September 20, 1871|
January 3, 1873
|5||Joseph Stewart||Army Major||January 4, 1873|
April 20, 1874
|6||George B. Rodney Jr.||Army Captain||April 21, 1874|
August 16, 1874
|7||Joseph B. Campbell||Army Captain||August 17, 1874|
June 14, 1876
|8||John Mendenhall||Army Major||June 15, 1876|
March 4, 1877
|9||Arthur Morris||Army Captain||March 5, 1877|
June 14, 1877
|10||Montgomery P. Berry||Collector of Customs||June 14, 1877|
August 13, 1877
|11||Henry Charles DeAhna||Collector of Customs||August 14, 1877|
March 26, 1878
|12||M. D. Ball||Collector of Customs||March 27, 1878|
June 13, 1879
|13||Lester A. Beardslee||Navy Captain||June 14, 1879|
September 12, 1880
|14||Henry Glass||Navy Commander||September 13, 1880|
August 9, 1881
|15||Edward P. Lull||Navy Commander||August 10, 1881|
October 18, 1881
|16||Henry Glass||Navy Commander||October 19, 1881|
March 12, 1882
|17||Frederick Pearson||Navy Commander||March 13, 1882|
October 3, 1882
|18||Edgar C. Merriman||Navy Commander||October 4, 1882|
September 13, 1883
|19||Joseph Coghlan||Navy Commander||September 15, 1883|
September 13, 1884
|20||Henry E. Nichols||Navy Lieutenant commander||September 14, 1884|
September 15, 1884
On May 17, 1884, the Department of Alaska was redesignated the District of Alaska, an incorporated but unorganized territory with a civil government. The governor was appointed by the President of the United States.
|No.||Governor||Term in office||Appointed by|
|1||John Henry Kinkead||July 4, 1884|
May 7, 1885
|Chester A. Arthur|
|2||Alfred P. Swineford||May 7, 1885|
April 20, 1889
|3||Lyman Enos Knapp||April 20, 1889|
June 18, 1893
|4||James Sheakley||June 18, 1893|
June 23, 1897
|5||John Green Brady||June 23, 1897|
March 2, 1906
|6||Wilford Bacon Hoggatt||March 10, 1906 |
May 20, 1909
|7||Walter Eli Clark||May 20, 1909|
August 24, 1912
|William Howard Taft|
The District of Alaska was organized into Alaska Territory on August 24, 1912. Governors continued to be appointed by the President of the United States.
|No.||Portrait||Term in office||Appointed by|
|1||Walter Eli Clark||August 24, 1912|
April 18, 1913
|William Howard Taft|
|2||John Franklin Alexander Strong||April 18, 1913|
April 12, 1918
|3||Thomas Riggs Jr.||April 12, 1918|
June 16, 1921
|4||Scott Cordelle Bone||June 16, 1921|
August 16, 1925
|Warren G. Harding|
|5||George Alexander Parks||August 16, 1925|
April 19, 1933
|6||John Weir Troy||April 19, 1933|
December 6, 1939
|Franklin D. Roosevelt|
|7||Ernest Gruening||December 6, 1939|
April 10, 1953
|8||B. Frank Heintzleman||April 10, 1953|
January 3, 1957
|Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|—||Waino Hendrickson||January 3, 1957|
April 8, 1957
|9||Mike Stepovich||April 8, 1957|
August 9, 1958
|Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|—||Waino Hendrickson||August 9, 1958|
January 3, 1959
Alaska was admitted to the Union on January 3, 1959.
The state constitution provides for the election of a governor and lieutenant governor every four years on the same ticket, with their terms commencing on the first Monday in the December following the election.Governors are allowed to succeed themselves once, having to wait four years after their second term in a row before being allowed to run again. Should the office of governor become vacant, the lieutenant governor assumes the title of governor. The original constitution of 1956 created the office of secretary of state, which was functionally identical to a lieutenant governor, and was renamed to "lieutenant governor" in 1970.
|No.||Governor||Term in office||Party||Election||Lt. Governor|
|1||William A. Egan||January 3, 1959|
December 5, 1966
|2||Wally Hickel||December 5, 1966|
January 29, 1969
|Republican||1966||Keith Harvey Miller|
|3||Keith Harvey Miller||January 29, 1969|
December 7, 1970
|Robert W. Ward|
|1||William A. Egan||December 7, 1970|
December 2, 1974
|Democratic||1970||H. A. Boucher|
|4||Jay Hammond||December 2, 1974|
December 6, 1982
|Republican||1974||Lowell Thomas Jr.|
|5||Bill Sheffield||December 6, 1982|
December 1, 1986
(not candidate for election)
|6||Steve Cowper||December 1, 1986|
December 3, 1990
(not candidate for election)
|2||Wally Hickel||December 3, 1990|
December 5, 1994
(not candidate for election)
|7||Tony Knowles||December 5, 1994|
December 2, 2002
|8||Frank Murkowski||December 2, 2002|
December 4, 2006
(not candidate for election)
|9||Sarah Palin||December 4, 2006|
July 26, 2009
|10||Sean Parnell||July 26, 2009|
December 1, 2014
| Craig Campbell |
(took office August 10, 2009)
|11||Bill Walker||December 1, 2014|
December 3, 2018
(withdrew from election)
|Independent||2014|| Byron Mallott |
(resigned October 16, 2018)
|12||Mike Dunleavy||December 3, 2018|
Keith Harvey Miller was an American Republican politician from Alaska. Miller was the second secretary of state of Alaska under Walter Hickel. He became the third governor of Alaska after Hickel’s resignation. Under his tenure, Alaska came into sudden wealth after an oil lease sale on the North Slope created a revenue of $900 million.
Michael Anthony "Mike" Stepovich was an American lawyer who, from 1957 to 1958, served as the last non-acting Governor of Alaska Territory. Following his education and military service during World War II, Stepovich established a law practice in his home town of Fairbanks, Alaska and began his political career by winning three terms in the Alaska Territorial legislature. During his term as governor, he was a leading advocate in the effort to gain statehood for Alaska. Following Alaska's admission to the Union, he made an unsuccessful run for a U.S. Senate seat and two unsuccessful attempts to be elected Governor of Alaska.
The Alaska Statehood Act was signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on July 7, 1958, allowing Alaska to become the 49th U.S. state on January 3, 1959.
John Bruce Coghill was a politician and businessman who was the lieutenant governor of Alaska from 1990 to 1994 under Governor Walter Hickel. Both were members of the Alaskan Independence Party.
Burke Riley was an American legislator, lawyer and public official on territorial, state and national levels. He was a signer of the Alaska Constitution, elected as one of seven at-large delegates from the First Division.
The Alaska Attorney General is the chief legal advisor to the government of the State of Alaska and to its governor. The Attorney General is appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Alaska Legislature. The position has existed since the early days of the Territory of Alaska, though it was an elected rather than an appointed position prior to statehood. The Attorney General also serves as the Commissioner of the Alaska Department of Law, and is the only commissioner of a principal department of Alaska state government not referred to as "Commissioner" in normal usage. Alaska Governor Mike Dunleavy nominated Anchorage attorney Kevin Clarkson to fill the position on December 5, 2018.
Byron I. Mallott is an American politician, elder, tribal activist, and business executive from the state of Alaska. Mallott is an Alaska Native leader of Tlingit heritage, and the leader of the Kwaash Ké Kwaan clan. He was lieutenant governor of Alaska, from December 2014 until his resignation on October 16, 2018. He also previously served as the Mayor of Yakutat, the Mayor of Juneau, the President of the Alaska Federation of Natives and the executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund.
The Governor of Colorado is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Colorado. The governor is the head of the executive branch of Colorado's state government and is charged with enforcing state laws. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Colorado General Assembly, to convene the legislature, and to grant pardons, except in cases of treason or impeachment. The governor is also the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.
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