List of Governors of Texas

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Governor of Texas
Seal of the Governor of Texas.svg
Gubernatorial seal
Flag of the Governor of Texas.svg
Gubernatorial standard
Greg Abbott 2015.jpg
Greg Abbott

since January 20, 2015
Residence Texas Governor's Mansion
Term length Four years, no term limit
Inaugural holder James Pinckney Henderson
Formation Texas Constitution
Salary$150,000 (2013) [1]
Website Official website Blue pencil.svg

The Governor of Texas is the chief executive of the U.S. State of Texas, the presiding officer over the executive branch of the Government of Texas, and the commander-in-chief of the Texas National Guard, the state's militia. The governor has the power to consider bills passed by the Texas Legislature, by signing them into law, or vetoing them, and in bills relating to appropriations, the power of a line-item veto. He may convene the legislature, and grant pardons and reprieves, [2] except in cases of impeachment, and upon the permission of the legislature, in cases of treason. The State provides an official residence, the Governor's Mansion in Austin. The incumbent, Greg Abbott, is the forty-eighth governor to serve in the office since Texas' statehood in 1845.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

The government of Texas operates under the Constitution of Texas and consists of a unitary democratic state government operating under a presidential system that uses the Dillon Rule, as well as governments at the county and municipal levels.

Commander-in-chief supreme commanding authority of a military

A commander-in-chief, sometimes also called supreme commander, is the person that exercises supreme command and control over an armed forces or a military branch. As a technical term, it refers to military competencies that reside in a country's executive leadership – a head of state or a head of government.


When compared to those of other states, the Governorship of Texas has been described as one of relative weakness. [3] [4] In some respects, it is the Lieutenant Governor of Texas, who presides over the Texas Senate, who possesses greater influence to exercise their prerogatives. [3] [4]

Lieutenant Governor of Texas position

The Lieutenant Governor of Texas is the second-highest executive office in the government of Texas, a state in the U.S. It is the second most powerful post in Texas government because its occupant controls the work of the Texas Senate and controls the budgeting process as a leader of the Legislative Budget Board.

Texas Senate

The Texas Senate is the upper house of the Texas State Legislature. There are 31 members of the Senate, representing single-member districts across the U.S. state of Texas, with populations of approximately 806,000 per constituency, based on the 2010 U.S. Census. There are no term limits, and each term is four years long. Elections are held in even-numbered years on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November. In elections in years ending in 2, all seats are up for election. Half of the senators will serve a two-year term, based on a drawing; the other half will fill regular four-year terms. In the case of the latter, they or their successors will be up for two-year terms in the next year that ends in 0. As such, in other elections, about half of the Texas Senate is on the ballot. The Senate meets at the Texas State Capitol in Austin. The Republicans currently control the chamber, which is made up of 19 Republicans and 12 Democrats.

The governor is inaugurated on the third Tuesday of January every four years along with the Lieutenant Governor, and serves a term of four years. Prior to the present laws, in 1845, the state's first constitution established the office of governor, serving a term of two years, but no more than four years of every six. [5] The 1861 constitution, following secession from the Union, established the first Monday of November following election as the term's start. [6] Following the end of the American Civil War, the 1866 constitution increased term length to four years, limiting overall service to no more than eight years of every twelve, moving the term's start to the first Thursday following organization of the legislature, or "as soon thereafter as practicable." [7] The constitution of 1869, enacted during Reconstruction, removed term limitations, [8] to this day making Texas one of fourteen states [9] with no limit on gubernatorial terms. The present constitution of 1876 returned terms to two years, [10] but a 1972 amendment again returned them to four. [11]

In the context of the United States, secession primarily refers to the voluntary withdrawal of one or more states from the Union that constitutes the United States; but may loosely refer to leaving a state or territory to form a separate territory or new state, or to the severing of an area from a city or county within a state.

American Civil War Civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865

The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The most studied and written about episode in U.S. history, the Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights to uphold slavery.

A term limit is a legal restriction that limits the number of terms an officeholder may serve in a particular elected office. When term limits are found in presidential and semi-presidential systems they act as a method of curbing the potential for monopoly, where a leader effectively becomes "president for life". This is intended to protect a democracy from becoming a de facto dictatorship. Sometimes, there is an absolute or lifetime limit on the number of terms an officeholder may serve; sometimes, the restrictions are merely on the number of consecutive terms he or she may serve.

Since its establishment, only one man has served in excess of eight years as governor: Rick Perry. Perry, the longest-serving governor in state history, assumed the governorship in 2000 upon the exit of George W. Bush, who resigned to take office as the 43rd President of the United States. Perry was re-elected in 2002, 2006, and 2010 serving for 14 years before choosing to retire in 2014.

Rick Perry American politician

James Richard "Rick" Perry is an American politician who is the 14th and current United States Secretary of Energy, serving in the Cabinet of Donald Trump. Prior to his cabinet position, Perry served as the 47th Governor of Texas from December 2000 to January 2015. Before being the 47th Governor of Texas, Perry was elected Lieutenant Governor of Texas in 1998 and assumed the governorship in December 2000 when Governor George W. Bush resigned to become president. Perry was the longest-serving governor in Texas history.

George W. Bush 43rd president of the United States

George Walker Bush is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States from 2001 to 2009. He had previously served as the 46th governor of Texas from 1995 to 2000.

President of the United States Head of state and of government of the United States

The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America. The president directs the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces.

Allan Shivers assumed the governorship upon the death of Beauford Jester in July 1949 and was re-elected in 1950, 1952 and 1954, serving for 7 1/2 years, making him the second longest serving Texas governor. Price Daniel was elected to the governorship in 1956 and re-elected in 1958 and 1960 before losing his re-election for an unprecedented fourth term in the 1962 Democratic primary, missing the runoff. John Connally was elected in 1962 and re-elected in 1964 and 1966 before leaving office on January 21, 1969.

Allan Shivers politician

Robert Allan Shivers was an American politician who served as the 37th Governor of Texas. Shivers was a leader of the Texas Democratic Party during the turbulent 1940s and 1950s, and also developed the lieutenant governor's post into an extremely powerful perch in state government.

Price Daniel American judge

Marion Price Daniel Sr., was a Democratic U.S. Senator and the 38th Governor of the state of Texas. He was appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson to be a member of the National Security Council, Director of the Office of Emergency Preparedness, and Assistant to the President for Federal-State Relations. Daniel also served as Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court.

John Connally politician

John Bowden Connally Jr. was an American politician. He served as the 39th Governor of Texas and as the 61st United States Secretary of the Treasury. He began his career as a Democrat but switched to Republican in 1973.

In the case of a vacancy in the office, the lieutenant governor becomes governor. [12] Prior to a 1999 amendment, the lieutenant governor only acted as governor until the expiration of the term to which he succeeded. [13] [14]

Governors of Spanish Texas

See: List of Texas Governors and Presidents

Governors of Mexican Texas

See: List of Texas Governors and Presidents

Presidents of the Republic of Texas

See: President of the Republic of Texas#List of presidents and vice presidents

Governors of Texas

Number of Governors of Texas by party affiliation
  Democratic 39
  Republican 7
  Unionist 1
  Independent 1
#GovernorTerm in officePartyElectionPrior office Lt. Governor
1 James Pinckney Henderson-p.jpg   James Pinckney Henderson
March 31, 1808 - June 4, 1858
(Aged 50)
February 19, 1846
December 21, 1847
Democratic 1845 Minister to England and France Republic of Texas
  Albert Clinton Horton
2 George wood.jpg   George T. Wood
March 12, 1795 - September 3, 1858
(Aged 63)
December 21, 1847

December 21, 1849
Democratic 1847 Texas State Senator
  John Alexander Greer
3 Peter bell.jpg   Peter Hansborough Bell
May 11, 1810 - March 8, 1898
(Aged 87)
December 21, 1849

November 23, 1853
Democratic 1849 Lieutenant colonel of the Second Regiment Texas Mounted Volunteers
  James W. Henderson
4 James w henderson.jpg   James W. Henderson
August 15, 1817 - August 30, 1880
(Aged 63)
November 23, 1853

December 21, 1853
Democratic 3rd Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Office vacant
5 Elisha pease.jpg   Elisha M. Pease
January 3, 1812 - August 26, 1883
(Aged 71)
December 21, 1853

December 21, 1857
Unionist 1853 Texas State Senator
  David Catchings Dickson
1855   Hardin Richard Runnels
6 Hardin runnels.jpg   Hardin R. Runnels
August 30, 1820 - December 25, 1873
(Aged 53)
December 21, 1857

December 21, 1859
Democratic 1857 3rd Lieutenant Governor of Texas
  Francis Lubbock
7 Sam Houston c1850-crop.jpg   Sam Houston
March 2, 1793 - July 26, 1863
(Aged 70)
December 21, 1859

March 16, 1861
Independent 1859
U.S. Senator from Texas
  Edward Clark
8 Edward clark.jpg   Edward Clark
April 1, 1815 - May 4, 1880
(Aged 65)
March 16, 1861

November 7, 1861
Democratic 7th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Office vacant
9 Francis lubbock.jpg   Francis Lubbock
October 16, 1815 - June 22, 1905
(Aged 89)
November 7, 1861

November 5, 1863
Democratic 1861 6th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
  John McClannahan Crockett
10 Pendleton murrah.jpg   Pendleton Murrah
1824 or 1826 - August 4, 1865
(Aged about 40)
November 5, 1863

June 17, 1865
Democratic 1863
Texas State Representative
  Fletcher Summerfield Stockdale
- FLETCHER STOCKDALE.PNG   Fletcher Summerfield Stockdale
1823 or 1825 - February 4, 1890
(Aged about 67)
June 11, 1865

June 16, 1865
Military9th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Office vacant
11 Andrew Jackson Hamilton.jpg   Andrew Jackson Hamilton
January 28, 1815 - April 11, 1875
(Aged 60)
June 16, 1865

August 9, 1866
Democratic-Military Texas State Senator-Elect
12 James W. Throckmorton - Brady-Handy.jpg   James W. Throckmorton
February 1, 1825 - April 21, 1894
(Aged 69)
August 9, 1866

August 8, 1867
Democratic 1866
Captain of the 6th Texas Cavalry Regiment Confederate Army
  George Washington Jones
13 Elisha pease.jpg   Elisha M. Pease
January 3, 1812 - August 26, 1883
(Aged 71)
August 8, 1867

September 30, 1869
[21] [22]
Republican 5th Governor of Texas
Office vacant
14 Edmund Davis.jpg   Edmund J. Davis
October 2, 1827 - February 7, 1883
(Aged 55)
January 8, 1870

January 15, 1874
Republican 1869
Brigadier General of the First Texas Cavalry Regiment Union Army
15 Richard Coke - Brady-Handy.jpg   Richard Coke
March 18, 1829 - May 14, 1897
(Aged 68)
January 15, 1874

December 1, 1876
Democratic 1873 Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
  Richard B. Hubbard
16 Richard hubbard.jpg   Richard B. Hubbard
November 1, 1832 - July 12, 1901
(Aged 68)
December 1, 1876

January 21, 1879
Democratic 16th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Office vacant
17 Oran roberts.jpg   Oran Milo Roberts
July 9, 1815 – May 19, 1898
(Aged 82)
January 21, 1879

January 16, 1883
Democratic 18787th Chief Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
  Joseph D. Sayers
1880 Leonidas Jefferson Storey
18 John ireland.jpg   John Ireland
January 1, 1827 – March 15, 1896
(Aged 69)
January 16, 1883

January 18, 1887
Democratic 1882 Associate Justice of the Texas Supreme Court
 Francis Marion Martin
1884 Barnett Gibbs
19 Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross.jpg   Lawrence Sullivan "Sul" Ross
September 27, 1838 – January 3, 1898
(Aged 59)
January 18, 1887

January 20, 1891
Democratic 1886 Texas State Senator
 Thomas Benton Wheeler
20 Jim hogg.jpg   Jim Hogg
March 24, 1851 – March 3, 1906
(Aged 54)
January 20, 1891

January 15, 1895
Democratic 189021st Attorney General of Texas
  George Cassety Pendleton
1892  Martin McNulty Crane
21 Charles Allen Culberson.jpg   Charles A. Culberson
June 10, 1855 – March 19, 1925
(Aged 69)
January 15, 1895

January 17, 1899
Democratic 189422nd Attorney General of Texas
  George Taylor Jester
  Joseph D. Sayers
September 23, 1841 – May 15, 1929
(Aged 87)
January 17, 1899

January 20, 1903
Democratic 1898 U.S. Representative for Texas' 9th district
  James Browning
23 Swtlanham.jpg   S. W. T. Lanham
July 4, 1846 – July 29, 1908
(Aged 62)
January 20, 1903

January 15, 1907
Democratic 1902 U.S. Representative for Texas' 8th district
 George D. Neal
24 T.M. Campbell, Governor, Bain portrait bust.jpg   Thomas Mitchell Campbell
April 22, 1856 – April 1, 1923
(Aged 66)
January 15, 1907

January 17, 1911
Democratic 1906General Manager of the Railroad
  Asbury Bascom Davidson
25 Oscar Branch Colquitt.jpg   Oscar Branch Colquitt
December 16, 1861 – March 8, 1940
(Aged 78)
January 17, 1911

January 19, 1915
Democratic 1910 Texas Railroad Commissioner
1912  William Harding Mayes
26 James E. Ferguson.jpg   James E. "Pa" Ferguson
August 31, 1871 – September 21, 1944
(Aged 73)
January 19, 1915

August 25, 1917
Democratic 1914 Local banker
(since 1906)
  William P. Hobby
27 William hobby.jpg   William P. Hobby
March 26, 1878 – June 7, 1964
(Aged 86)
August 25, 1917

January 18, 1921
Democratic 24th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Office vacant
1918 Willard Arnold Johnson
28 PatMNeff.jpg   Pat Morris Neff
November 26, 1871 – January 20, 1952
(Aged 80)
January 18, 1921

January 20, 1925
Democratic 1920 Texas State Representative
 Lynch Davidson
1922  Thomas Whitfield Davidson
29 Miriam A. Ferguson.jpg   Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson
June 13, 1875 – June 25, 1961
(Aged 86)
January 20, 1925

January 18, 1927
Democratic 1924 First Lady of Texas
  Barry Miller
30 DanMoody.jpg   Dan Moody
June 1, 1893 – May 22, 1966
(Aged 72)
January 18, 1927

January 20, 1931
Democratic 192632nd Attorney General of Texas
31 Ross Sterling.png   Ross S. Sterling
February 11, 1875 – March 25, 1949
(Aged 74)
January 20, 1931

January 17, 1933
Democratic 1930Chairman of the Texas Highway Commission
  Edgar E. Witt
32 Miriam A. Ferguson.jpg   Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson
June 13, 1875 – June 25, 1961
(Aged 86)
January 17, 1933

January 15, 1935
Democratic 193229th Governor of Texas
33 James Allred.png   James Allred
March 29, 1899 – September 24, 1959
(Aged 60)
January 15, 1935

January 17, 1939
Democratic 193435th Attorney General of Texas
  Walter Frank Woodul
34 Wilbert Lee O'Daniel.jpg   Wilbert Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel
March 11, 1890 – May 11, 1969
(Aged 79)
January 17, 1939

August 4, 1941
Democratic 1938 President of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce
  Coke R. Stevenson
35 Coke R. Stevenson.jpg   Coke R. Stevenson
March 20, 1888 – June 28, 1975
(Aged 87)
August 4, 1941

January 21, 1947
Democratic 31st Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Office vacant
1942  John Lee Smith
36 Beauford H. Jester.jpg   Beauford H. Jester
January 12, 1893 – July 11, 1949
(Aged 56)
January 21, 1947

July 11, 1949
Democratic 1946Member of the Texas Railroad Commission
  Allan Shivers
37 Allan Shivers.jpg   Allan Shivers
October 5, 1907 – January 14, 1985
(Aged 77)
July 11, 1949

January 15, 1957
Democratic 33rd Lieutenant Governor of Texas
Office vacant
1950  Ben Ramsey
38 Price Daniel.jpg   Price Daniel
October 10, 1910 – August 25, 1988
(Aged 77)
January 15, 1957

January 15, 1963
Democratic 1956 U.S. Senator from Texas
Office vacant
39 John Connally.jpg   John Connally
February 27, 1917 – June 15, 1993
(Aged 76)
January 15, 1963

January 21, 1969
Democratic 1962 56th United States Secretary of the Navy
  Preston Smith
40 Governor Preston Smith (cropped).jpg   Preston Smith
March 8, 1912 – October 18, 2003
(Aged 91)
January 21, 1969

January 16, 1973
Democratic 1968 35th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
  Ben Barnes
41 Dolph Briscoe, 1976.jpg   Dolph Briscoe
April 23, 1923 – June 27, 2010
(Aged 87)
January 16, 1973

January 16, 1979
Democratic 1972 Texas State Representative
  William P. Hobby Jr.
42 Bill Clements.jpg   Bill Clements
April 13, 1917 – May 29, 2011
(Aged 94)
January 16, 1979

January 18, 1983
Republican 1978 15th United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
43 Governor Mark White.jpg   Mark White
March 17, 1940 – August 5, 2017
(Aged 77)
January 18, 1983

January 20, 1987
Democratic 1982 46th Attorney General of Texas
44 Bill Clements.jpg   Bill Clements
April 13, 1917 – May 29, 2011
(Aged 94)
January 20, 1987

January 15, 1991
Republican 1986 42nd Governor of Texas
45 Ann Richards, Governor of Texas.jpg   Ann Richards
September 1, 1933 – September 13, 2006
(Aged 73)
January 15, 1991

January 17, 1995
Democratic 1990 Treasurer of Texas
  Bob Bullock
46 GeorgeWBush.jpg   George W. Bush
July 6, 1946(Age72)
January 17, 1995

December 21, 2000
Republican 1994 Managing General Partner of the Texas Rangers
  Rick Perry
47 Rick Perry by Gage Skidmore 3 (cropped).jpg   Rick Perry
March 4, 1950(Age69)
December 21, 2000

January 20, 2015
Republican 39th Lieutenant Governor of Texas
  Bill Ratliff
2002   David Dewhurst
48 Greg Abbott crop.jpg   Greg Abbott
November 13, 1957(Age61)
January 20, 2015

Republican 2014 50th Attorney General of Texas
  Dan Patrick

Other high offices held

GovernorGubernatorial TermOther high offices held
James Pinckney Henderson 18461847 U.S. Senator (18571858)
Peter Hansborough Bell 18491853 U.S. Representative (18531857)
Sam Houston 18591861 U.S. Representative from Tennessee (18231827), Governor of Tennessee (18271829), President of Texas (18361838, 18411844), U.S. Senator (18461859)
Andrew Jackson Hamilton 18651866 U.S. Representative (18591861)
James W. Throckmorton 18661867 U.S. Representative (18751879, 18831887)
Richard Coke 18741876 U.S. Senator (18771895)
Richard B. Hubbard 18761879 Minister to Japan (18851889)
Charles Allen Culberson 18951899 U.S. Senator (18991923)
Joseph D. Sayers 18991903 U.S. Representative (18851893, 18931899)
S. W. T. Lanham 19031907 U.S. Representative (18831893, 18971903)
W. Lee O'Daniel 19391941 U.S. Senator (19411949)
Price Daniel 19571963U.S. Senator (19531957)
John Connally 19631969 U.S. Secretary of the Navy (1961), U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (19711972)
Bill Clements 19791983
U.S. Deputy Secretary of Defense (19731977)
George W. Bush 19952000 43rd President of the United States (20012009)
Rick Perry 20002015 United States Secretary of Energy

Living former governors of Texas

Currently, there are two living former governors of Texas. The most recent death of a former governor was that of Mark White (served 19831987), who died on August 5, 2017. The most recently serving governor of Texas who has died is Ann Richards (served 1991–1995, born 1933), who died on September 13, 2006. Pictured in order of service:

Gubernatorial trivia

Along with the Seal of Office, the governor of Texas also has a flag. It is not in common use. Flag of the Governor of Texas.svg
Along with the Seal of Office, the governor of Texas also has a flag. It is not in common use.


Texas has had two female governors: Miriam A. "Ma" Ferguson and Ann Richards. Ferguson was one of the first two women elected governor of a U.S. state (on November 4, 1924), along with Nellie Tayloe Ross of Wyoming. Ross was inaugurated on January 5, 1925, while Ferguson was inaugurated on January 20, so Ross is considered the first female state governor. Ferguson was the wife of former governor Jim "Pa" Ferguson, while Richards was elected "in her own right," being neither the spouse nor widow of a governor.

Texas governors have been born in fourteen states: Alabama, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.

Baylor University is the most common alma mater of Texas governors, with five of them - Lawrence Sullivan Ross, Pat Morris Neff, Price Daniel, Mark White, and Ann Richards - considered alumni (though Ross attended but never completed a degree). To date, Coke Stevenson is the most recent governor who never attended college, and Bill Clements is the most recent who attended college but did not graduate.


Three governors have served non-consecutive terms: Elisha M. Pease, Miriam A. Ferguson, and Bill Clements. As was the case in most Southern states, Texas did not elect any Republican governor from the end of Reconstruction until the late twentieth century. Bill Clements was the state's first Republican governor since Edmund J. Davis left office in 1874, 105 years earlier. Dolph Briscoe was the last governor to be elected to a two-year term, in 1972; he was also the first to be elected to a four-year term, in 1974, since the post-Reconstruction period when two-year terms had first been established. Rick Perry, who ascended to the governorship on December 21, 2000 upon the resignation of then-Governor George W. Bush, won full four-year terms in 2002, 2006 and 2010.

W. Lee "Pappy" O'Daniel served as the inspiration for the fictional, but similarly named, Mississippi Governor Menelaus "Pappy" O'Daniel, in the film O Brother, Where Art Thou?

Ann Richards had a cameo appearance on an episode of the animated comedy series King of the Hill , in which she has a brief romance with Bill Dauterive after he takes the fall for mooning her in the elevator of an Austin hotel (Hank actually mooned her because he thought his friends were going to be mooning the people in the elevator but they set him up).

See also


  1. "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  2. Upon recommendation of the Board of Pardons and Paroles
  3. 1 2 Suellentrop, Chip (January 5, 2000). "Is George W. Bush a "Weak" Governor?". Slate Magazine - Explainer. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
  4. 1 2 Ivins, Molly; Lou Dubose (2000). Shrub: The Short But Happy Political Life of George W. Bush. New York: Vintage Books. pp. xii–xiii. ISBN   0-375-75714-7.
  5. 1845 Const. Art V sec 4
  6. 1861 Const. art V sec 12
  7. 1866 Const. art V sec 4
  8. 1869 Const. Art IV sec 4
  9. Executive Branch Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine retrieved 23-October-2008
  10. TX Const. Art IV sec 4
  11. Texas Politics - The Executive Branch Archived 2009-02-11 at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved on 2013-07-15.
  12. TX Const. art IV sec 16 graf d
  13. Under the 1861 constitution, law provided that the lieutenant governor would be "styled Governor of the State of Texas" in case of vacancy.
  14. 1861 Const art V sec 12
  15. Resigned to take an elected seat in the U.S. House of Representatives.
  16. 1 2 3 As lieutenant governor, filled an unexpired term
  17. Evicted from office due to his refusal to swear an oath to the Confederate States of America.
  18. Fled Austin as it fell to Union forces.
  19. NGA says he was Lt. Gov who served as Gov after Murrah fled Texas.
  20. Provisional military governor.
  21. 1 2 James Throckmorton was removed from office by General Philip Sheridan, and Elisha Pease installed in his place.
  22. Resigned due to disagreements with General Joseph Reynolds.
  23. Elected in a special election held under military direction.
  24. Resigned to take an elected seat in the U.S. Senate.
  25. 1 2 3 As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was subsequently elected in their own right.
  26. Resigned due to the legislature bringing impeachment proceedings against him.
  27. Resigned after winning the Democratic primary for a U.S. Senate seat; he won the election.
  28. Died in office.
  29. Resigned to be U.S. President.
  30. Abbott's second term began on January 15, 2019 and will expire on January 17, 2023.

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