Secretary of State of Texas

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Seal of the Secretary of State of Texas Seal of Texas Secretary of State.svg
Seal of the Secretary of State of Texas
James Earl Rudder State Office Building, housing Secretary of State offices, is a National Registered Historic Place RudderStateOfficeBuilding.JPG
James Earl Rudder State Office Building, housing Secretary of State offices, is a National Registered Historic Place
Thomas Jefferson Rusk State Office Building has the elections office RuskStateOfficeBuilding.JPG
Thomas Jefferson Rusk State Office Building has the elections office

The Texas Secretary of State is one of the six members of the executive department of the state of Texas, in the United States. Under the Texas Constitution, the appointment is made by the Governor, with confirmation by the Texas Senate. Ruth Ruggero Hughs is the incumbent secretary of state.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders.

Texas U.S. state in the United States

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

Governor of Texas head of state and of government of the U.S. state of Texas

The Governor of Texas is the head of the executive branch of Texas's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces. The governor has the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Texas Legislature, and to convene the legislature. The governor may grant pardons in cases other than impeachment or in the case of treason, with permission by the legislature. The current Governor is Greg Abbott.


The secretary of state is the chief elections officer, the protocol officer for state and international matters, and the liaison for the governor on Mexican and border matters. [2]

The Secretary of State offices are in the James Earl Rudder State Office Building at 1019 Brazos Street in Austin; the main building handles business and public filings, statutory documents, administrative code open meetings, and the UCC. The SOS elections office is on the second floor of the James Earl Rudder Building [3] . The executive offices are in Room 1E.8 in the Texas State Capitol. [4] [5] [6]

Austin, Texas Capital of Texas

Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties. It is the 11th-most populous city in the United States and the 4th-most populous city in Texas. It is also the fastest growing large city in the United States, the second most populous state capital after Phoenix, Arizona, and the southernmost state capital in the contiguous United States. As of the U.S. Census Bureau's July 1, 2018 estimate, Austin had a population of 964,254 up from 790,491 at the 2010 census. The city is the cultural and economic center of the Austin–Round Rock metropolitan statistical area, which had an estimated population of 2,168,316 as of July 1, 2018. Located in Central Texas within the greater Texas Hill Country, it is home to numerous lakes, rivers, and waterways, including Lady Bird Lake and Lake Travis on the Colorado River, Barton Springs, McKinney Falls, and Lake Walter E. Long.

Texas State Capitol Seat of government of Texas

The Texas State Capitol is the capitol building and seat of government of the American state of Texas. Located in downtown Austin, Texas, the structure houses the offices and chambers of the Texas Legislature and of the Governor of Texas. Designed in 1881 by architect Elijah E. Myers, it was constructed from 1882 to 1888 under the direction of civil engineer Reuben Lindsay Walker. A $75 million underground extension was completed in 1993. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and recognized as a National Historic Landmark in 1986.


Under the Texas Constitution the secretary of state is, with the governor, the lieutenant governor, the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, the commissioner of the Office of General Land and the attorney general, one of the six members of the Executive Department. Of these offices all are elected by the voters in statewide elections except the secretary of state, who is nominated by the governor and confirmed by the senate.

Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

The Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts is an executive branch position created by the Texas Constitution. As with nearly every other executive branch head in Texas, the Comptroller is popularly elected every four years concurrently with the governor and the other elected executive branch positions. The current Comptroller is Glenn Hegar, who took office on January 2, 2015.

Texas General Land Office

The Texas General Land Office (GLO) is a state agency of the U.S. state of Texas, responsible for managing lands and mineral rights properties that are owned by the state. The GLO also manages and contributes to the state's Permanent School Fund. The agency has its headquarters in the Stephen F. Austin State Office Building in Downtown Austin.

The secretary of state administers the Texas Election Code, maintains public filings, and is the keeper of the State Seal of Texas. [7] The secretary of state also issues appointments for notaries public. [8]

Notary public civil position that certifies documents and administers oral oaths and affirmations

A notary public of the common law is a public officer constituted by law to serve the public in non-contentious matters usually concerned with estates, deeds, powers-of-attorney, and foreign and international business. A notary's main functions are to administer oaths and affirmations, take affidavits and statutory declarations, witness and authenticate the execution of certain classes of documents, take acknowledgments of deeds and other conveyances, protest notes and bills of exchange, provide notice of foreign drafts, prepare marine or ship's protests in cases of damage, provide exemplifications and notarial copies, and perform certain other official acts depending on the jurisdiction. Any such act is known as a notarization. The term notary public only refers to common-law notaries and should not be confused with civil-law notaries.


The first secretary of state of the Republic of Texas, Stephen F. Austin, was appointed by Texas president Sam Houston in 1836. [9]

Stephen F. Austin American empresario, slaveholder, namesake of Austin, Texas

Stephen Fuller Austin was an American empresario. Known as the "Father of Texas", and the founder of Texas, he led the second, and ultimately, the successful colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States to the region in 1825.

Sam Houston nineteenth-century American statesman, politician, and soldier, namesake of Houston, Texas

Samuel Houston was an American soldier and politician. An important leader of the Texas Revolution, Houston served as the 1st and 3rd president of the Republic of Texas, and was one of the first two individuals to represent Texas in the United States Senate. He also served as the 6th Governor of Tennessee and the seventh governor of Texas, the only American to be elected governor of two different states in the United States.

Since then, Texas became a state of the United States in 1845 and there have been 109 secretaries of state.

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  1. "National Register of Historic Places Listings --January 16, 1998". Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  2. "About the Office." Secretary of State of Texas. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  3. "Contact Us". Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  4. "SOS Map and Driving Directions to the Texas Secretary of State Office." Secretary of State of Texas. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  5. "Thomas Jefferson Rusk Building." State Office of Risk Management . Accessed August 31, 2008.
  6. "Transmitting Documents to the Secretary of State." Secretary of State of Texas. Accessed October 24, 2008.
  7. "Constitutional Duties." Secretary of State of Texas. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  8. "Government Code Chapter 406. Notary Public; Commissioner of Deeds". Retrieved 8 April 2018.
  9. "History of the Office." Secretary of State of Texas. Accessed August 31, 2008.