|Governor of Missouri|
Coat of arms of the state of Missouri
|Residence||Missouri Governor's Mansion|
|Term length||Four years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Alexander McNair|
|Formation||Constitution of Missouri|
Following is a list of Governors of Missouri since its territory became part of the United States.
Missouri was part of the Louisiana Purchase, which the United States purchased from France in 1803. In its first year it was part of Louisiana. In 1804 all of the territory above what is modern-day Louisiana was broken off and administered by a governor based in St. Louis, Missouri until statehood.
The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory of New France by the United States from France in 1803. The U.S. paid fifty million francs ($11,250,000) and a cancellation of debts worth eighteen million francs ($3,750,000) for a total of sixty-eight million francs. The Louisiana territory included land from fifteen present U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. The territory contained land that forms Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska; the portion of Minnesota west of the Mississippi River; a large portion of North Dakota; a large portion of South Dakota; the northeastern section of New Mexico; the northern portion of Texas; the area of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado east of the Continental Divide; Louisiana west of the Mississippi River ; and small portions of land within the present Canadian provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan. Its non-native population was around 60,000 inhabitants, of whom half were African slaves.
France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.
Prior to the purchase both France and Spain administered the territory in a similar manner. France initially had a commandant in charge of Upper Louisiana. Spain around 1770 began having a lieutenant governor in St. Louis and governor in New Orleans, Louisiana ruling the whole territory. For a list of governors under Spanish and French rule see Louisiana Governor. For a list of lieutenant governors ruling Upper Louisiana under French and Spanish control see List of commandants of the Illinois Country.
Since the state capitol moved to Jefferson City in 1826 the governor has lived on the same block in the Missouri Governor's Mansion a block east of the Missouri State Capitol (although the current mansion is the third one).
The Missouri Governor's Mansion is a historic U.S. residence in Jefferson City, Missouri. It is located at 100 Madison Street. On May 21, 1969, it was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. It is located in the Missouri State Capitol Historic District.
The Missouri State Capitol is the building that houses the legislative and executive branches of the government of the U.S. state of Missouri, as well as the Missouri General Assembly. Located in Jefferson City at 201 West Capitol Avenue, it is the third capitol in the city after the other two were demolished when they were damaged in fires. The domed building, designed by the New York City architectural firm of Tracy and Swartwout, was completed in 1917.
The current governor is Mike Parson, a member of the Republican Party.
Michael L. Parson is an American politician and former law enforcement officer who is the 57th Governor of Missouri, having taken office on June 1, 2018, after the resignation of Eric Greitens. Parson previously had been the 47th Lieutenant Governor of Missouri. Before that, he served as a Republican member of the Missouri House of Representatives from the 133rd district (2005–2011) and as a member of the Missouri Senate representing the 28th district (2011–2017). Parson was the Majority Caucus Whip in the Senate during the 96th General Assembly.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major political parties in the United States; the other is its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
|#||Picture||Commandant||Took office||Left office||Appointed by|
|1||Amos Stoddard||March 10, 1804||October 1, 1804||Thomas Jefferson|
On March 26, 1804, an act of congress divided Louisiana into two territories or districts: land south of the 33rd parallel became the Territory of Orleans; land north of the 33rd parallel, the District of Louisiana. The act took effect October 1, 1804, upon which the District of Louisiana was placed under the governance of Indiana Territory, then governed by William Henry Harrison.
The 33rd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 33 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses North Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Territory of Orleans or Orleans Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from October 1, 1804, until April 30, 1812, when it was admitted to the Union as the State of Louisiana.
The District of Louisiana, or Louisiana District, was an official, temporary, United States government designation for the portion of the Louisiana Purchase that had not been organized into the Orleans Territory. It officially existed from March 10, 1804, until July 4, 1805, when it was incorporated as the Louisiana Territory.
|#||Picture||Governor||Took office||Left office||Appointed by|
|1||William Henry Harrison||October 1, 1804||July 4, 1805||Thomas Jefferson|
The citizens of the District of Louisiana, unhappy with the governance specified by the act of 1804, set about immediately to petition Congress for a return to a military-style government to which they were accustomed under Spanish rule. Congress responded by passing an act on March 3, 1805 which changed the name of the District of Louisiana to the Territory of Louisiana. Power was vested in a governor who was appointed by the president to a term of 3 years. During times of vacancy, the secretary would act as governor.
The Territory of Louisiana or Louisiana Territory was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from July 4, 1805, until June 4, 1812, when it was renamed the Missouri Territory.
On June 4, 1812, the Territory of Louisiana was renamed to the Territory of Missouri to avoid confusion with the newly admitted state of Louisiana. Later, Arkansas Territory was separated from the Territory of Missouri on July 4, 1819.
|#||Picture||Governor||Took office||Left office||Appointed by|
|1||James Wilkinson||July 4, 1805||March 3, 1807 [B]||Thomas Jefferson|
|2||Meriwether Lewis||March 3, 1807||October 11, 1809 [C] [D]||Thomas Jefferson|
|3||Benjamin Howard||April 17, 1810||October 31, 1812 [E]||James Madison|
|4||William Clark||July 1, 1813||September 18, 1820|| James Madison |
Democratic-Republican (3) Democratic (38) Republican (15) Liberal Republican (1)
|#||Governor||Took office||Left office||Party||Lt. Governor||Term(s)|
|1||Alexander McNair||September 18, 1820||November 15, 1824||Democratic-Republican||William Henry Ashley||1|
|2||Frederick Bates||November 15, 1824||August 4, 1825||Democratic-Republican||Benjamin Harrison Reeves||1⁄3 [C]|
|3||Abraham J. Williams||August 4, 1825||January 20, 1826||Democratic-Republican||Vacant||1⁄3 [H]|
|4||John Miller||January 20, 1826||November 19, 1832||Democratic||Daniel Dunklin||1 1⁄3 [I]|
|5||Daniel Dunklin||November 19, 1832||September 30, 1836||Democratic||Lilburn W. Boggs||1⁄2 [J]|
|6||Lilburn Boggs||September 30, 1836||November 16, 1840||Democratic||Franklin Cannon||1 1⁄2 [K]|
|7||Thomas Reynolds||November 16, 1840||February 9, 1844||Democratic||Meredith Miles Marmaduke||1⁄2 [C]|
|8||Meredith Miles Marmaduke||February 9, 1844||November 20, 1844||Democratic||Vacant||1⁄2 [L]|
|9||John C. Edwards||November 20, 1844||November 20, 1848||Democratic||James Young||1|
|10||Austin Augustus King||November 20, 1848||January 3, 1853||Democratic||Thomas Lawson Price||1|
|11||Sterling Price||January 3, 1853||January 5, 1857||Democratic||Wilson Brown||1|
|12||Trusten Polk||January 5, 1857||February 27, 1857||Democratic||Hancock Lee Jackson||1⁄3 [M]|
|13||Hancock Lee Jackson||February 27, 1857||October 22, 1857||Democratic||Vacant||1⁄3 [N]|
|14||Robert Marcellus Stewart||October 22, 1857||January 3, 1861||Democratic||Hancock Lee Jackson||1⁄3 [I]|
|15||Claiborne Fox Jackson||January 3, 1861||July 23, 1861||Democratic||Thomas Caute Reynolds||1⁄3 [O]|
|16||Hamilton Rowan Gamble||July 31, 1861||January 31, 1864||Republican||Willard Preble Hall||1⁄3 [P] [C]|
|17||Willard Preble Hall||January 31, 1864||January 2, 1865||Republican||Vacant||1⁄3 [L]|
|18||Thomas Clement Fletcher||January 2, 1865||January 12, 1869||Republican||George Rappeen Smith||1|
|19||Joseph W. McClurg||January 12, 1869||January 4, 1871||Republican||Edwin O. Stanard||1|
|20||B. Gratz Brown||January 4, 1871||January 3, 1873||Liberal Republican||Joseph J. Gravely||1|
|21||Silas Woodson||January 3, 1873||January 12, 1875||Democratic||Charles Phillip Johnson||1|
|22||Charles Henry Hardin||January 12, 1875||January 8, 1877||Democratic||Norman Jay Coleman||1|
|23||John Smith Phelps||January 8, 1877||January 10, 1881||Democratic||Henry Clay Brockmeyer||1|
|24||Thomas Theodore Crittenden||January 10, 1881||January 12, 1885||Democratic||Robert Alexander Campbell||1|
|25||John S. Marmaduke||January 12, 1885||December 28, 1887||Democratic||Albert P. Morehouse||1⁄2 [C]|
|26||Albert P. Morehouse||December 28, 1887||January 14, 1889||Democratic||Vacant||1⁄2 [L]|
|27||David R. Francis||January 14, 1889||January 9, 1893||Democratic||Stephen Hugh Claycomb||1|
|28||William J. Stone||January 9, 1893||January 11, 1897||Democratic||John Baptiste O'Meara||1|
|29||Lawrence Vest Stephens||January 11, 1897||January 14, 1901||Democratic||August Henry Bolte||1|
|30||Alexander Monroe Dockery||January 14, 1901||January 9, 1905||Democratic||John Adams Lee||1|
|Thomas L. Rubey|
|31||Joseph W. Folk||January 9, 1905||January 11, 1909||Democratic||John C. McKinley||1|
|32||Herbert S. Hadley||January 9, 1909||January 13, 1913||Republican||Jacob Friedrich Gmelich||1|
|33||Elliot Woolfolk Major||January 13, 1913||January 8, 1917||Democratic||William Rock Painter||1|
|34||Frederick D. Gardner||January 8, 1917||January 10, 1921||Democratic||Wallace Crossley||1|
|35||Arthur M. Hyde||January 10, 1921||January 12, 1925||Republican||Hiram Lloyd||1|
|36||Samuel Aaron Baker||January 12, 1925||January 14, 1929||Republican||Phillip Allen Bennett||1|
|37||Henry S. Caulfield||January 14, 1929||January 9, 1933||Republican||Edward Henry Winter||1|
|38||Guy Brasfield Park||January 9, 1933||January 11, 1937||Democratic||Frank Gaines Harris||1|
|39||Lloyd C. Stark||January 11, 1937||February 26, 1941||Democratic||Frank Gaines Harris||1 [Q]|
|40||Forrest C. Donnell||February 26, 1941||January 8, 1945||Republican||Frank Gaines Harris||1 [R]|
|41||Phil M. Donnelly||January 8, 1945||January 10, 1949||Democratic||Walter Naylor Davis||1|
|42||Forrest Smith||January 10, 1949||January 12, 1953||Democratic||James T. Blair, Jr.||1|
|43||Phil M. Donnelly||January 12, 1953||January 14, 1957||Democratic||James T. Blair, Jr.||1|
|44||James T. Blair, Jr.||January 14, 1957||January 9, 1961||Democratic||Edward V. Long||1|
|45||John M. Dalton||January 9, 1961||January 11, 1965||Democratic||Hilary A. Bush||1|
|46||Warren E. Hearnes||January 11, 1965||January 8, 1973||Democratic||Thomas F. Eagleton||2|
|William S. Morris|
|47||Kit Bond||January 8, 1973||January 10, 1977||Republican||William C. Phelps||1|
|48||Joseph P. Teasdale||January 10, 1977||January 12, 1981||Democratic||William C. Phelps||1|
|49||Kit Bond||January 12, 1981||January 14, 1985||Republican||Kenneth J. Rothman||1|
|50||John Ashcroft||January 14, 1985||January 11, 1993||Republican||Harriett Woods||2|
|51||Mel Carnahan||January 11, 1993||October 16, 2000||Democratic||Roger B. Wilson||1 1⁄2 [C]|
|52||Roger B. Wilson||October 16, 2000||January 8, 2001||Democratic||Joe Maxwell||1⁄2 [L] [S]|
|53||Bob Holden||January 8, 2001||January 10, 2005||Democratic||Joe Maxwell||1|
|54||Matt Blunt||January 10, 2005||January 12, 2009||Republican||Peter Kinder||1|
|55||Jay Nixon||January 12, 2009||January 9, 2017||Democratic||Peter Kinder||2|
|56||Eric Greitens||January 9, 2017||June 1, 2018||Republican||Mike Parson||1⁄2|
|57||Mike Parson||June 1, 2018||Incumbent||Republican||Mike Kehoe||1⁄2 [L]|
Missouri, a slave state, was a border state during the Civil War under Union control. However, it was officially recognized as a Confederate state by the Confederate government and was represented in the Confederate Congress and by a star on the Confederate flag. There were two competing governments for the course of the war. The Emancipation Proclamation did not consider Missouri a seceding state, therefore it was not part of Reconstruction. The Missouri Provisional Government is considered the official one on this list.
This is a table of congressional, other governorships, and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Missouri except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||U.S. Congress||Other offices held|
|Benjamin Howard||1809–1812 (territorial)||U.S. Representative from Kentucky|
|John C. Edwards||1844–1848||H|
|Austin Augustus King||1848–1853||H|
|Willard Preble Hall||1864–1865||H|
|Joseph W. McClurg||1869–1871||H|
|B. Gratz Brown||1871–1873||S|
|John S. Phelps||1877–1881||H||Military Governor of Arkansas|
|Thomas Theodore Crittenden||1881–1885||H|
|David R. Francis||1889–1893||Ambassador to Russia, U.S. Secretary of the Interior|
|William J. Stone||1893–1897||H||S|
|Alexander Monroe Dockery||1901–1905||H|
|Arthur M. Hyde||1921–1925||U.S. Secretary of Agriculture|
|Henry S. Caulfield||1929–1933||H|
|Forrest C. Donnell||1941–1945||S|
|John Ashcroft||1985–1993||S||U.S. Attorney General|
|Mel Carnahan||1993–2000||Posthumously elected U.S. Senator|
As of June 2018 [update] , there are seven former governors of Missouri who are currently living, the oldest governor of Missouri being Kit Bond (served 1973–1977 and 1981–1985, born 1939). The most recent governor of Missouri to die was Joseph P. Teasdale (served 1977–1981, born 1936) on May 8, 2014. The most recently serving governor of Missouri to die was Mel Carnahan, who served from January 11, 1993 until his death in a plane crash at the age of sixty-six on October 16, 2000.
|Governor||Gubernatorial term||Date of birth (and age)|
|March 6, 1939|
|John Ashcroft||1985–1993||May 9, 1942|
|Roger B. Wilson||2000–2001||October 10, 1948|
|Bob Holden||2001–2005||August 24, 1949|
|Matt Blunt||2005–2009||November 20, 1970|
|Jay Nixon||2009–2017||February 13, 1956|
|Eric Greitens||2017–2018||April 10, 1974|
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The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Louisiana:
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