Nozomi (train)

Last updated
Nozomi
JRC N700 series Z28.jpg
N700 Series Nozomi, April 2009
Overview
Service type Shinkansen
First service1934 (Express)
1992 (Shinkansen)
Current operator(s) JR Central, JR West
Route
Start Tokyo
End Hakata
Line(s) used Tokaido Shinkansen
San'yō Shinkansen
On-board services
Class(es) Green/standard
Catering facilities Trolley service
Technical
Rolling stock N700 series
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV AC overhead
Operating speed300 km/h (185 mph)

Nozomi (のぞみ, "Wish" or "Hope") is the fastest train service running on the Tokaido & San'yō Shinkansen lines in Japan. The service stops at only the largest stations, and along the stretch between Shin-Ōsaka and Hakata, Nozomi services using N700 series equipment reach speeds of 300 km/h (186 mph). The trip between Tokyo and Osaka, a distance of 515 kilometres (320 mi), takes 2 hours 21 minutes on the fastest Nozomi service. [1]

Contents

The trains stop at fewer stations than the Hikari and Kodama trains. On the Tōkaidō Shinkansen between Tokyo and Shin-Ōsaka, Nozomi trains stop only at Shinagawa, Shin-Yokohama, Nagoya and Kyōto. [1] On the Sanyō Shinkansen between Shin-Ōsaka and Hakata, all Nozomi trains stop at Shin-Kobe, Okayama, Hiroshima and Kokura, with certain trains also stopping at additional stations. The Japan Rail Pass is not valid for travel on the Nozomi service. [2]

Stopping patterns (as of May 2019)

Legend

All trains stop
Some trains stop
Few trains stop

Note:
1 Some trains begin/terminate at Nishi-Akashi, Himeji, Okayama or Hiroshima.
2 Some trains begin/terminate at Nagoya.

Only basic Nozomi stopping patterns are shown. Additional Nozomi trains with differing stopping patterns are added during holiday and high-peak travel periods, and are not included in this table.

StationDistance (km)
(from Tokyo)
Tokyo - Hakata1Tokyo-
Shin-Osaka2
Nagoya - Hakata
Tokyo 0.0 
Shinagawa 6.8 
Shin-Yokohama 25.5 
Nagoya 342.0
Kyoto 476.3
Shin-Ōsaka 515.4
Shin-Kobe 548.0 
Nishi-Akashi 570.2 -
Himeji 601.3 -
Okayama 676.3 
Fukuyama 733.1 
Hiroshima 821.2 
Tokuyama 903.5 -
Shin-Yamaguchi 944.6 
Kokura 1013.2 
Hakata 1069.1 

Rolling stock

Current rolling stock

Former rolling stock

Formations

Trains are formed as shown below, with car 1 at the Hakata end, and car 16 at the Tokyo end. [3] [4]

N700 series

Car no.12345678910111213141516
ClassStandardStandardGreenStandard
Non-reservedReservedReservedReserved
FacilitiesWCWC / smoking compartmentCardphoneWCVending machineWC / smoking compartmentWC / cardphoneSmoking compartmentVending machine / WC / wheelchair spaceCardphoneWCSmoking compartment / WC / cardphone

(All cars are no-smoking, except for smoking compartments located in cars 3, 7, 10, and 15)

700 series

Car No.12345678910111213141516
ClassStandard
Non-reserved
Standard
Non-reserved
Standard
Non-reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Green
Reserved
Green
Reserved
Green
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
Standard
Reserved
FacilitiesWCCardphoneWC / vending machine WCCardphoneWC WC Vending machine / WC / wheelchair spaceCardphoneWC Vending machine / WC / cardphone 
Smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking Smoking pictogram (black).svg Smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking No Smoking.svg No-smoking Smoking pictogram (black).svg Smoking Smoking pictogram (black).svg Smoking

History

Wartime steam services

The Nozomi name was first used for long-distance express services operated between Busan in Japanese-occupied Korea and Mukden (now Shenyang) in the former Manchukuo (now China) from 1934. [5] From 1938, the services were extended to run between Busan and Hsinking (now Changchun) in Manchukuo. The 1,530 km journey from Busan to Hsinking took over 29 hours, with an average speed of 52 km/h (32 mph). The services were run down between 1943 and 1944. [5]

Shinkansen services

Nozomi shinkansen services commenced on March 14, 1992 using new 300 series trainsets with a top speed of 270 km/h. From March 1997, 500 series trainsets were introduced on Tokyo - Hakata Nozomi services, running at a maximum speed of 300 km/h and covering the section between Shin-Osaka and Hakata in 2 hours 17 minutes.

700 series trains were introduced on Nozomi services in 1999, and N700 series trains were introduced from July 1, 2007, initially with four daily round-trip runs. All regularly scheduled through Nozomi services to the San'yō Shinkansen (Tokyo–Hakata) were operated by N700 series sets from 13 March 2010. From the start of the revised timetable on 17 March 2012, all regularly scheduled Nozomi services, including runs limited to the Tokaido Shinkansen, were operated by N700 series sets.

See also

Related Research Articles

Shinkansen Japanese high-speed rail system

The Shinkansen, colloquially known in English as the bullet train, is a network of high-speed railway lines in Japan. Initially, it was built to connect distant Japanese regions with Tokyo, the capital, to aid economic growth and development. Beyond long-distance travel, some sections around the largest metropolitan areas are used as a commuter rail network. It is operated by five Japan Railways Group companies.

0 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

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300 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

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700 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

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Tokaido Shinkansen Shinkansen (high-speed railway) line between Tokyo and Osaka

The Tokaido Shinkansen is a Japanese high-speed rail line that is part of the nationwide Shinkansen network. Along with the Sanyo Shinkansen, it forms a continuous high-speed railway through the Taiheiyō Belt, also known as the Tokaido corridor. Upon its opening in 1964 between Tokyo and Shin-Ōsaka, it was heralded as the first high-speed rail line in the world. Since 1987 it has been operated by the Central Japan Railway Company, prior to that by Japanese National Railways (JNR). Along with being the oldest HSR line, it is also one of the most heavily used.

<i>Hikari</i> (train) Shinkansen service

Hikari is the name of a high-speed train service running on the Tokaido and San'yō Shinkansen "bullet train" lines in Japan. Slower than the premier Nozomi but faster than the all-stations Kodama, the Hikari is the fastest train service on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen that can be used with the Japan Rail Pass.

<i>Kodama</i> (train) One of the three train services running on the Tōkaidō/Sanyō Shinkansen

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Kyushu Shinkansen

The Kyushu Shinkansen is a Japanese high-speed railway line between the cities of Fukuoka and Kagoshima in Kyushu, running parallel to the existing Kagoshima Main Line and operated by JR Kyushu. It is an extension of the San'yō Shinkansen from Honshu. The southern 127 km (79 mi) was constructed first because the equivalent section of the former Kagoshima Main Line is single track, and thus a significant improvement in transit time was gained when this dual track section opened on 13 March 2004, despite the need for passengers to change to a Relay Tsubame narrow gauge train at Shin-Yatsushiro for the remainder of the journey to Hakata. The northern 130 km (81 mi) section opened on 12 March 2011, enabling through-services to Shin-Osaka.

<i>Asama</i> (train)

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<i>Tsubame</i> (train)

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Hokuriku Shinkansen High-speed railway line in Japan between Tokyo and Kanazawa

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<i>Haruka</i> (train)

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N700 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The N700 series is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train with tilting capability developed jointly by JR Central and JR West for use on the Tokaido and San'yō Shinkansen lines since 2007, and also operated by JR Kyushu on the Kyushu Shinkansen line.

<i>Hayabusa</i> (train)

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Midori (train)

The Midori is a limited express train service which runs between Hakata and Sasebo in Kyushu, Japan, operated by the Kyushu Railway Company.

Sakura (train)

The Sakura is a high-speed shinkansen service operated between Shin-Osaka and Kagoshima-Chūō in Japan since 12 March 2011.

Mizuho (train)

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Monju (train)

The Monju (文殊) was a limited express train service operated by West Japan Railway Company in Japan from 1996 until March 2011. It operated between Shin-Osaka and Amanohashidate via the Fukuchiyama Line and Kitakinki Tango Railway, and was one of the services that made up JR West's "Big X Network".

Sanyō Shinkansen Shinkansen (high-speed railway) line between Osaka and Fukuoka

The San'yō Shinkansen (山陽新幹線) is a line of the Japanese Shinkansen high-speed rail network, connecting Shin-Osaka in Osaka with Hakata Station in Fukuoka, the two largest cities in western Japan. Operated by the West Japan Railway Company, it is a westward continuation of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and also serves other major cities in between on Honshu and Kyushu islands such as Kobe, Himeji, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Kitakyushu. The Kyushu Shinkansen continues south of Hakata to Kagoshima. The San'yō Shinkansen connects Hakata with Osaka in two and a half hours, with trains operating at a maximum operating speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) for most of the journey Some Nozomi trains operate continuously on San'yō and Tōkaidō Shinkansen lines, connecting Tokyo and Hakata in five hours.

References

  1. 1 2 Hyperdia: Shin-Osaka–Tokyo timetable for 2009-06-11 [ permanent dead link ]
  2. "About Japan Rail Pass". Japan: Japan Railways Group. Archived from the original on 19 June 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
  3. JR Timetable, August 2011, p.997
  4. 新幹線 車両大全[Shinkansen Cars Encyclopedia]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. November 2011. pp. 60–135. ISBN   978-4-86320-526-0.
  5. 1 2 JR急行・快速列車[JR Express & Rapid Trains]. Tokyo, Japan: Railway Journal. 2 November 1991. p. 127.