500 Series Shinkansen

Last updated

500 series
JRW-500 V2 inHimeji.jpg
JR West 8-car 500 Series Shinkansen on a Kodama service at Himeji Station, August 2009
In service1 March 1997;24 years ago (1997-03-01) – Present
Manufacturer Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries Rolling Stock Company, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo
Replaced 0 series
Constructed1995–1998
Entered service1997
Refurbished2008–2010
Number built144 vehicles (9 sets)
Number in service64 vehicles (8 sets)
Number preserved2 vehicles
Number scrapped78 vehicles
Formation8 (originally 16) cars per trainset
Fleet numbersV2V9
Capacity16-car W set: 1,324 (200 Green + 1,124 Standard)
8-car V set: 608
Operator(s) JR-West
Depot(s)Hakata
Line(s) served Sanyo Shinkansen, Hakata-Minami Line
Specifications
Car body constructionAluminium alloy, Honeycomb structure
Car length25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars), 27,000 mm (88 ft 7 in) (end cars)
Width3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Height3,690 mm (12 ft 1 in)
DoorsTwo plug doors per side (intermediate cars)
One plug door per side (end cars)
Maximum speedW set: 300 km/h (186 mph) (Sanyō)
V set: 285 km/h (177 mph)
Design speed: 320 km/h (199 mph)
Traction system(AC) WMT204 64 x 285 kW (382 hp) (set W1)/275 kW (369 hp) (set W2 onward) [1]
Power output18.24 MW (24,460 hp) (set W1), 17.60 MW (23,600 hp) (set W2 onward)
Acceleration 1.6 km/h/s (0.44 m·s−2) [2]
1.92 km/h/s (0.53 m·s−2) (High acceleration mode) [2]
Deceleration 2.7 km/h/s (0.75 m·s−2)
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection method W set: "T"-style current collector
V set: Pantograph
Safety system(s) ATC-NS
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) standard gauge

The 500 series (500系, 500-kei) is a Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and San'yō Shinkansen lines in Japan since 1997. [3] They were designed to be capable of 320 km/h (200 mph) but operated at 300 km/h (185 mph), until they were finally retired from the primary Nozomi service in 2010. The trainsets were then refurbished and downgraded to the all-stations Kodama service between Shin-Ōsaka and Hakata.

Contents

Overview

The general design concept was overseen by German industrial designer Alexander Neumeister. [4] The running gear utilizes computer-controlled active suspension [5] for a smoother, safer ride, and yaw dampers are fitted between cars for improved stability. All sixteen cars in each original trainset were powered, giving a maximum of 18.24 MW (24,460 hp). Each train cost an estimated 5 billion yen, and only nine were built. It used biomimicry to reduce energy consumption by 15%, increase speeds by 10% and reduce noise levels while increasing passenger comfort. This was done by making the train's front have the shape of a kingfisher's beak. [6]

6-car 500-900 WIN350 set

This is a prototype for a Series 500.

16-car W sets

First announced by JR-West in September 1994, [7] the first set was delivered for testing in 1995, entering passenger service in March 1997. The entire fleet of nine sets was delivered by 1998. It was the first Shinkansen train in Japan to operate at a maximum speed of 300 km/h (185 mph) in regular passenger service. Besides the premium Nozomi services, 16-car trains were also used on Hikari Rail Star services during the busy holiday periods.

With the steady increase in the number of N700 Series Shinkansen since 2007, the 500 series were gradually retired from the Nozomi services. The last 500 series Nozomi run took place on 28 February 2010. [8]

Formation

Car No.12345678910111213141516
DesignationMcM1MpM2M'M1MpMs2MsM1sMpkhM2M'M1MpM2c
Numbering521-xx526-xx527-xx528-xx525-xx526-xx527-4xx518-xx515-xx516-xx527-7xx528-7xx525-xx526-xx527-xx522-xx
Seating capacity5310090100951007568646863100951009063

Cars 8 to 10 were "Green" (first class) cars. Cars 5 and 13 each had one "T"-style current collector. [9]

Interior

8-car V sets (500-7000 series)

An 8-car 500 series Kodama set at Himeji Station in August 2009 JRW-500 V2 inHimeji.jpg
An 8-car 500 series Kodama set at Himeji Station in August 2009

Eight of the original nine 500 series sets were modified and shortened to eight cars between 2008 and 2010, and were cascaded to Sanyo Shinkansen Kodama workings, replacing the earlier 0 series sets. [10] The first reformed eight-car set was unveiled to the press on 28 March 2008, and the trains entered service on twelve daily Kodama runs from 1 December 2008. [11]

The maximum operating speed of these trains has been reduced to 285 km/h (177 mph). [12]

Formation

As of 1 April 2016, the fleet consists of eight eight-car sets (V2 to V9) formed as follows, with car 1 at the Hakata end. [13]

Car No.12345678
DesignationMcM1MpM2MM1MpkhM2c
Numbering521-70xx526-70xx527-70xx528-70xx525-70xx526-72xx527-77xx522-70xx
Formerly521 (car 1)526 (car 2)527 (car 3)528 (car 4)525 (car 13)516 (car 10)527-700 (car 11)522 (car 16)
Seating capacity531007810095685163

Cars 2 and 7 each have one single-arm pantograph. [13]

Interior

Passenger accommodation consists of 3+2 abreast unidirectional seating, with 2+2 abreast seating in car 6 (former Green car). Between October and December 2013, cars 4 and 5 are also scheduled to have the original seating removed and replaced with new 2+2 abreast seating, the same as used in the Hikari Rail Star 700 series trainsets. [14] [15]

All passenger saloons on the 8-car 500 series trains are no-smoking, with new smoking compartments installed in cars 3 and 7. [13] Cars 1, 3, 5, and 7 are equipped with toilets. [13]

Special liveries

Set V2 in the special "500 Type Eva" livery in March 2016 JRW-500 V2 20160320 TYPE EVA in Himeji.jpg
Set V2 in the special "500 Type Eva" livery in March 2016
Set V2 in "Hello Kitty" livery in July 2018 JRW-500 V2 20180701 HelloKitty Shinkansen in Himeji.jpg
Set V2 in "Hello Kitty" livery in July 2018

Since 7 November 2015, set V2 runs in a special "500 Type Eva" livery as part of the "Shinkansen:Evangelion Project" tie-up project to mark the 40th anniversary of the Sanyo Shinkansen and the 20th anniversary of Neon Genesis Evangelion . [16] Initially planned to operate until March 2017, this livery was extended until 13 May 2018. [17] [18] From 24 February until 7 May 2018, the 500 series car preserved at the Kyoto Railway Museum will be exhibited in the "500 Type Eva" livery. [19]

In March 2018, JR West announced the launch of a special "Hello Kitty" themed 500 series train on Sanyo Shinkansen Kodama services. [20] [21] The train entered service on 30 June 2018. [22]

Interior

Preserved examples

Car 521-1 at the Kyoto Railway Museum in August 2018 Shinkansen Series 500 car 521-1 at the Kyoto Railway Museum.jpg
Car 521-1 at the Kyoto Railway Museum in August 2018
Car 522-1 at the Hitachi Kasado factory Shinkansen Series 500 522-1 in Hitachi.jpg
Car 522-1 at the Hitachi Kasado factory

Car 521-1, formerly the front car of set W1, is preserved at the Kyoto Railway Museum, which opened in April 2016. [23] This car was exhibited in the "500 Type Eva" livery between 24 February and 7 May 2018. [19] Car 522-1, formerly the end car of set W1, is preserved at the Hitachi Kasado factory in Kudamatsu, Yamaguchi, in Autumn 2015.

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Nozomi</i> (train)

Nozomi is the fastest train service running on the Tokaido & San'yō Shinkansen lines in Japan. The service stops at only the largest stations, and along the stretch between Shin-Ōsaka and Hakata, Nozomi services using N700 series equipment reach speeds of 300 km/h (186 mph). The trip between Tokyo and Osaka, a distance of 515 kilometres (320 mi), takes 2 hours 21 minutes on the fastest Nozomi service.

0 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The 0 series trains were the first generation Shinkansen trainsets built to run on Japan's new Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed line which opened in Japan in 1964. The last remaining trainsets were withdrawn in 2008.

100 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The 100 series was a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type which operated between 1985 and 2012 on the Tokaido Shinkansen and Sanyo Shinkansen high-speed lines. They were introduced after the 200 series trains, but their numbering is such because in the days of Japanese National Railways (JNR), Shinkansen types running east of Tokyo were given even numbers and those west of Tokyo odd numbers, hence they were given the next odd number in line after 0, 100. The last remaining examples of the type were withdrawn from service following the last runs on 16 March 2012.

200 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 200 series (200系) was a Shinkansen high-speed train type introduced by Japanese National Railways (JNR) for the Tohoku Shinkansen and Joetsu Shinkansen high-speed rail lines in Japan, and operated by East Japan Railway Company until 2013. They actually predated the 100 series trains, having been built between 1980 and 1986. It was one of the two recipients of the 23rd Laurel Prize presented by the Japan Railfan Club, the first Shinkansen type to receive that award. The last remaining sets were retired from regular service in March 2013, and were completely withdrawn from service in April 2013.

300 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The 300 series was a Japanese high-speed Shinkansen train type, with a top operational speed of 270 km/h, which operated on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen lines in Japan between 1992 and 2012. When first introduced, they were used on the fastest Nozomi services, being capable of 270 km/h (170 mph). As more were delivered they replaced earlier units on Hikari service and allowed the thus displaced 100 series units to finally in turn displace 0 series units on almost all services.

700 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 700 series is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built between 1997 and 2006, and entering service in 1999. Originally designated as "N300" during the development phase, they formed the next generation of shinkansen vehicles jointly designed by JR Central and JR-West for use on the Tokaido Shinkansen, Hakata Minami Line and the San'yō Shinkansen. Though it has since been withdrawn from service on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, it still operates on the San'yō Shinkansen and Hakata Minami Line.

E1 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E1 series (E1系) was a high-speed Shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company in Japan from July 1994 until September 2012. They were the first double-deck trains built for Japan's Shinkansen. They were generally, along with their fellow double-deck class the E4 series, known by the marketing name "Max". The fleet was withdrawn from regular service on 28 September 2012.

E3 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E3 series (E3系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built for Komachi services which commenced on 3 June 1997, coinciding with the opening of the new Akita Shinkansen "mini-shinkansen" line, a regular 1,067 mm narrow-gauge line between Morioka and Akita re-gauged to 1,435 mmstandard gauge. Later versions of the E3 series were also introduced for use on Yamagata Shinkansen Tsubasa services. Both "mini-shinkansen" lines join the Tohoku Shinkansen, providing services to and from Tokyo.

E4 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E4 series (E4系) is a high-speed shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company in Japan. They were the second series of completely bi-level Shinkansen trainsets to be built in Japan. They operate on the Tōhoku and Jōetsu Shinkansen, and occasionally on the Nagano Shinkansen. E4 series trains feature double-decker cars to accommodate additional commuter traffic around Tokyo and other urban areas. They were often coupled to 400 series trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen between Tokyo and Fukushima before the latter retired in April 2010.

<i>Hikari</i> (train) Shinkansen service

Hikari is the name of a high-speed train service running on the Tokaido and San'yō Shinkansen "bullet train" lines in Japan. Slower than the premier Nozomi but faster than the all-stations Kodama, the Hikari is the fastest train service on the Tokaido and Sanyo Shinkansen that can be used with the Japan Rail Pass, which is not valid for travel on the Nozomi or Mizuho trains.

<i>Kodama</i> (train) One of the three train services running on the Tōkaidō/Sanyō Shinkansen

Kodama is one of the three train services running on the Tōkaidō and San'yō Shinkansen lines. Stopping at every station, the Kodama is the slowest Shinkansen service for trips between major cities such as Tokyo and Osaka. The Kodama trains are used primarily for travel to and from smaller cities such as Atami. Travelers between major cities generally take the Nozomi or Hikari services, which make fewer stops. The name of the train comes from the Japanese word kodama, which means "echo".

800 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The 800 series (800系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by Kyushu Railway Company on the Kyushu Shinkansen high-speed rail line. Built by Hitachi, the trains were introduced on the Tsubame services from March 2004.

<i>Asama</i> (train)

The Asama (あさま) is a high-speed Shinkansen train service operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Hokuriku Shinkansen in Japan. The shinkansen service was introduced in October 1997, but the name was first used for a semi-express service operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) in 1961. "Asama" is the name of an active volcano near Karuizawa, on the boundary between Gunma and Nagano Prefecture.

<i>Tsubame</i> (train)

The Tsubame (つばめ) is a train service operated by Kyushu Railway Company on the Kyushu Shinkansen in Japan since 2004.

N700 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The N700 series is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train with tilting capability developed jointly by JR Central and JR West for use on the Tokaido and San'yō Shinkansen lines since 2007, and also operated by JR Kyushu on the Kyushu Shinkansen line.

E5 Series Shinkansen Japanese high speed train type

The E5 series (E5系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company on Tōhoku Shinkansen services since 5 March 2011 and on Hokkaido Shinkansen services since 26 March 2016. A total of 59 10-car sets are on order, with three sets in service in time for the start of new Hayabusa services to Shin-Aomori in March 2011.

WIN350 Japanese experimental high-speed train type

"WIN350" was the name given to the 500-900 series (500系900番代) 6-car experimental high-speed Shinkansen train developed in 1992 by the West Japan Railway Company in Japan to test technology to be incorporated in next-generation shinkansen trains expected to operate at speeds of 350 km/h (217 mph) from 1994. Initially given the designation "500X", the name "WIN350" stood for "West Japan's Innovation for operation at 350 km/h".

Sanyō Shinkansen Shinkansen (high-speed railway) line between Osaka and Fukuoka

The San'yō Shinkansen (山陽新幹線) is a line of the Japanese Shinkansen high-speed rail network, connecting Shin-Osaka in Osaka with Hakata Station in Fukuoka, the two largest cities in western Japan. Operated by the West Japan Railway Company, it is a westward continuation of the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and also serves other major cities in between on Honshu and Kyushu islands such as Kobe, Himeji, Okayama, Hiroshima, and Kitakyushu. The Kyushu Shinkansen continues south of Hakata to Kagoshima. The San'yō Shinkansen connects Hakata with Osaka in two and a half hours, with trains operating at a maximum operating speed of 300 km/h (186 mph) for most of the journey Some Nozomi trains operate continuously on San'yō and Tōkaidō Shinkansen lines, connecting Tokyo and Hakata in five hours.

E7 and W7 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The E7 series (E7系) and W7 series Shinkansen are Japanese high-speed train types operated by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), respectively. They were jointly developed.

H5 Series Shinkansen Japanese high-speed train type

The H5 series (H5系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type owned by Hokkaido Railway Company for use on Tohoku and Hokkaido Shinkansen services since 26 March 2016. Based on the earlier E5 series trains, a total of four 10-car sets were built by Hitachi and Kawasaki Heavy Industries at a cost of approximately 18 billion yen. The first two sets were delivered in October 2014.

References

  1. Railway Journal. Japan: 46. May 2008.CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
  2. 1 2 Railway Journal: 36. September 2007.CS1 maint: untitled periodical (link)
  3. JR全車両ハンドブック2006[JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006.
  4. 新幹線 車両大全[Shinkansen Cars Encyclopedia]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. November 2011. pp. 96–121. ISBN   978-4-86320-526-0.
  5. http://www.rtri.or.jp/eng/publish/newsletter/pdf/01/RTA-01-05.pdf
  6. Warson, Skipper Chong (2 January 2018). "Looking deeper into biomimicry: how nature inspires design". Medium.
  7. Semmens, Peter (1997). High Speed in Japan: Shinkansen - The World's Busiest High-speed Railway. Sheffield, UK: Platform 5 Publishing. ISBN   1-872524-88-5.
  8. "Train fans bid farewell to Nozomi bullet train service". Japan Today. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
  9. JR電車編成表 2010夏[JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2010. ISBN   978-4-330-14310-1.
  10. "Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō" magazine February 2008 issue, p74
  11. 平成20年度【冬】の臨時列車の運転について [Winter 2008 additional train services](PDF) (in Japanese). West Japan Railway. 17 October 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  12. 新幹線こだま 500系 [Kodama Shinkansen 500 serie] (in Japanese). West Japan Railway. 2009. Archived from the original on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 19 March 2009.
  13. 1 2 3 4 JR電車編成表 2016夏[JR EMU Formations - Summer 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 20 May 2016. p. 133. ISBN   978-4-330-68216-7.
  14. JR西500系こだま ゆったり [JR-West 500 series Kodama to become roomier]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 26 August 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.[ dead link ]
  15. 500系こだま号の4列シート車両の拡充について [Increase in number of 4-abreast seating cars on 500 series Kodama trains]. Press Release (in Japanese). Japan: West Japan Railway Company. 22 November 2013. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  16. 山陽新幹線で「500 TYPE EVA」の運転開始 ["500 Type Eva" runs on Sanyo Shinkansen]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 8 November 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  17. Sasaki, Yasuhiro (16 September 2016). JR西日本「500 TYPE EVA」好評で運行期間延長 - 渚カヲルの車内自動放送も [JR-West "500 Type Eva" to be extended due to popular demand]. Mynavi News (in Japanese). Japan: Mynavi Corporation. Archived from the original on 16 September 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  18. "500 TYPE EVA"5月に運行終了 ["500 Type Eva" operations to end in May]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 19 January 2018. Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2018.
  19. 1 2 Abe, Ryutaro (19 February 2018). "Evangelion bullet train to go on show in Kyoto rail museum". Asahi Shimbun. The Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  20. "Hello Kitty bullet train to debut on Sanyo Line this summer". japantimes.co.jp. The Japan Times. 15 March 2018. Archived from the original on 17 March 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  21. "Hello Kitty bullet train to debut in Japan on June 30". japantimes.co.jp. The Japan Times. 18 May 2018. Archived from the original on 13 September 2019. Retrieved 21 May 2018.
  22. "Süße Katzen auf Erfolgsschiene" [Cute cats on track to success]. Lok Magazin (in German). Vol. 5/2019 no. 452. Geramond Verlag. May 2019. p. 34. ISSN   0458-1822.
  23. 京都鉄道博物館[Kyoto Railway Museum]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 56 no. 662. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. June 2016. p. 61.