List of high-speed railway lines

Last updated

This article provides a list of operated high-speed rail networks, listed by country or region.


The International Union of Railways defines high-speed rail as public transport by rail at speeds of at least 200 km/h (124 mph) for upgraded tracks and 250 km/h (155 mph) or faster for new tracks. [1] [2]


The following table is an overview of high speed rail in service or under construction by country, ranked by the amount in service. It shows all the high speed lines (speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) or over) in service. The list is based on UIC figures (International Union of Railways), [3] [4] updated with other sources. [5]

per 100,000 people
Electrification Track

1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Asia 37,900 [6] 32,10070,000 [7] 3.952.8350 [8] [9] [10] [11] 25 kV 50 Hz1435Shanghai Maglev: 430 km/h max; [12] The only country in the world to provide overnight sleeping high-speed trains at 250 km/h.
2Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Europe 4,207.71,497.45,705.1 [13] 8.329.33103 kV DC;
25 kV 50 Hz
(at least 400 km upgraded and are not listed by UIC)
3Flag of France.svg  France Europe2,734.0560.14,536.8677.216.17320 [14] 25 kV 50 Hz1435dedicated (LGV)
1,242.7672201.5 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz
4Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Europe1,2673,321.836,225.838.834.1730015 kV 16.7 Hz;
Diesel (before 2017)
1435Dedicated or partially upgraded (NBS)
1,885.4250Upgraded (ABS)
5Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Asia2,764.6 [15] 657.13,421.7 [16] 92.19320 [17] 25 kV 50 Hz,
25 kV 60 Hz
1435&1067 dual
The first network ever opened; 6411.7 km including approved
6Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Europe2,017.7965.242,982.946.73.083003 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz
7Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Europe1082202,142.77.922.79300 [18] 25 kV 50 Hz AC;
Diesel (or dual);
3 kV DC Third-Rail (at junctions only)
1435Dedicated (HS)
1,814.7201 [19] 1435Classic upgraded lines
8Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Europe1,706 [20] 718.52,424.53.7916.7205 [21] 15 kV 16.7 Hz1435Only upgraded lines
9Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Asia1,193.6712.5851,906.58511.912.0305 [22] 25 kV 60 Hz1435Including upgraded lines; the most dense network in the world
10Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Asia1,0155082,1751.431.0930025 kV 50 Hz1435Dedicated
11Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Europe8071,100 [23] 1,9070.050.53250 [24] 3 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz (after 2024)
1520Only upgraded lines; total 4595 km to be under construction no later than 2024
12Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Europe7006951,3955.36.5200 [25] 25 kV 50 Hz1435
13Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Europe6252018261.8513.0722025 kV 50 Hz1524 [26] Only upgraded lines
14Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan Asia600506501.342.025025 kV 50 Hz1520Including upgraded lines
15Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia Asia4532,3542,8070.211.3730025 kV 50 Hz1435
16Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Europe354.8147.9502.78.983.43003 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz
1435Including upgraded lines
17Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Europe352411.457764.6571.131.212003 kV DC1435Only upgraded lines; 484 km extra approved
18Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan Asia34854.6 [27] 402.69.371.46300 25 kV 60 Hz 1435
19Flag of the United States.svg  United States North America3011,789.32,
[28] [29]
12 kV 25 Hz,
12 kV 60 Hz,
25 kV 60 Hz;
Diesel (or dual)
1435Only upgraded lines; dedicated lines under construction
20Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Europe2276268532.461.9822025 kV 50 Hz1668Only upgraded lines
21Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Europe192.764231.37424.1342.32.25250 15 kV 16.7 Hz1435Including upgraded lines
22Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Africa186 [30] 1,2871,4730.280.532025 kV 50 Hz1435Inaugurated in November 2018
23Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Europe139.5459.55599.050.432.1621015 kV 16.7 Hz1435Only upgraded lines
24Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Europe125166.8291.82.990.75300 [31] 1.5 kV DC,
25 kV 50 Hz
1435 Hanzelijn is expected to start high-speed services
25Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Europe49.97431.4481.371.210.6425015 kV 16.7 Hz1435
26Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong Asia260023.510.3420025 kV 50 Hz1435
27Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Europe5766.8771.80.120.2420025 kV 50 Hz;
Diesel (before 2017)

By region

Electrification Track

1Asia (total) Asia 44,376.542,467.686,844.11350 [10] 25 kV 50 Hz,
25 kV 60 Hz
1435&1067 dual
116,941 km in long-term
2 Europe (including non-EU states) Europe 20,397.716,537.3436,935.041.99320Various1435;
1520/1524 (permissible tolerance);
Excluding Turkey since it is listed in the Asia section (as only a small part of it is west of the Bosphorus); 52,381.2 km including approved; 17,544.1 km in the EU
3 United States America3621,789.32,151.30.04240 [28] [29] 12 kV 25 Hz,
12 kV 60 Hz,
25 kV 60 Hz
1435Only upgraded lines. Planned or under construction lines do not include core city hub and are developing independently (unlike other countries); 4,873.3 km including approved
4North AfricaAfrica1862,6442,8300.0232025 kV 50 Hz1435Morocco and Egypt
5AustraliaOceania07575 [32] 0.0120025 kV 50 Hz1435Upgrading

Freight high-speed railway services

CountryNameService statusIntroducedMaximum speedAverage speed
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany ICE-G; Post InterCityWithdrawn by 1997 (Post InterCity); ICE-G never built1980200 km/h
Flag of France.svg  France SNCF TGV La Poste; Freight DuplexWithdrawn by 2015 (TGV LaPoste); Freight Duplex never built1984270 km/h
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy MercitaliaIn service2015300 km/h180 km/h
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China CRHIn service on busy routes2020350 km/h180 km/h

Non-revenue or unfinished

Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Velim railway test circuit 13.276013.2762301963Testing facility; different voltages possible
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Yamanashi maglev test line7 (initially)
42.8 (now)
242.8285.6603 (non-revenue)
505 (planned revenue)
1970sTo be used in passenger services after 2027Maglev-train
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Odawara-Ayase test track320025619611964Later incorporated into Tokaido Shinkansen
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore Integrated Test Centre0UnknownUnknownUnknown2022-2024Rapid transit and high-speed rail testing facility
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Narita Shinkansen 8.7 (partially completed)
65 (originally planned)
00250-260 (originally planned)
160 (in operation)
2010 (as Keisei Railway)1991 (as Narita Shinkansen)Abandoned and sold to Keisei Railway
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway 56 (originally planned)00200-240 (originally planned)
160 (in operation)
2001Originally planned as high-speed railway; speed reduced at construction phase
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Emsland test facility 31.500412.619842012Maglev track; demolished
Flag of France.svg  France Aerotrain 6.7 (initially)
18 (at peak)
0040019651977Hovertrain; demolished
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia New Verebye Bypass1400230 (service)
250 (allowed)
1997 (construction site as dedicated line)2001 (opening as part of upgraded line)Originally planned for dedicated line; now is in service as shortcut of Moscow - Saint-Petersburg Main Line

High-speed networks under construction

(km) [33]
Length per 100,000 people (km) Electrification Track

1Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait; Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain; Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar; Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  UAE; Flag of Oman.svg  Oman Asia 1,5441,5446.062206.8No1435Excludes Saudi Arabia listed at "In operation"
2Flag of India.svg  India Asia 1,26815,8944.843201.125 kV 50 Hz
3 kV
Of which is 508 km for 320 km/h
3Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt [34] Africa1,0001,0000.992501.0325 kV 50 Hz1435
4Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Asia 926 [35] 1,3360.813001.725 kV 50 Hz1435Of which 410 km is under EIS
5Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Europe 9002,0003.312504.725 kV 50 Hz1435
6Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Europe 8701,050.8624917.625 kV 50 Hz1435All sections to be under construction after 2019–2020, Latvian section faces delay
7Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand Asia 7212,5665300+3.725 kV 50 Hz1435
8Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Asia 650 [36] 6501.492504.7No1435Existing line, to be upgraded
9Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Europe 463.726608.372006.23 kV DC
25 kV 50 Hz
10Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Europe 4571,5686.5825010.125 kV 50 Hz1435
11Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Europe 3923924.21200425 kV 50 Hz1435
12Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Europe 3883884.392005.325 kV 50 Hz1435Upgrades of existing rail network, with minor realignment and new sections being constructed
13Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Europe 26687610.3822514.1No (until 2030)1600
14Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Asia 2302301.562000.1425 kV 50 Hz1435
15Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Asia 142.3142.30.07300-3500.0525 kV 50 Hz1435Exclude slower 600 km of phase 2
16Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Europe1331336.562006.6525 kV 50 Hz1435Upgrading approved
17Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Oceania751,000+0.012500.9825 kV 50 Hz1435Construction to be started in 2022-2023 and to be finished by 2032
18Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia Europe57.857.81.182002.725 kV 50 Hz1435
19Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Asia 02,2516.793507.325 kV 50 Hz1435
20Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada North America01,096 [37] 0.114002.3725 kV 50 Hz1435Part of 500+ km Pacific Northwest Corridor under EIS phase in 2019
21Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Asia 01,0110.373505.525 kV 50 Hz1520
22Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Africa 07210.593503.125 kV 50 Hz1435
23Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Europe02694.752506.72525 kV 50 Hz1435Suspended
24Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Asia 0244 [38] 11.052502.44Unknown1435
25Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico North America02100.113001.225 kV 50 Hz1435Suspended
26Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Africa 01801.1300625 kV 50 Hz1435Suspended
27Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Oceania0110 [39] 0.412503.625 kV 50 Hz1435
28Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Europe0124.642502.125 kV 50 Hz1435


All high-speed railway lines in Austria are upgraded lines.

LineSpeedLengthConstruction beganService started
Western Railway 230 km/h312.2 kmUnknownDecember 9, 2012 (Vienna–St. Pölten)-2025-2032
Brenner Base Tunnel 250 km/h56 kmSummer 20062028 (claimed)
Koralm Railway 250 km/h125 km20012026

Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania)

Dedicated high-speed line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Rail Baltica TallinnRigaKaunas and Riga Airport branch diverging from main line250 km/h (160 mph)Construction 2019–2023; test operation 2023–2026; to be in full service from 2026870 km (540 mi)
KaunasJoniškisRiga 200 km/h2026+250 km (160 mi)
HelsinkiTallinn Not decided2024 [40] 103 km (64 mi)
Moscow-Riga High-speed RailwayMoscow–Riga 300 km/hPostponed due to Baltic States 2008–2010 crisis850 km (530 mi)
Tallinn-Tartu-Riga High-speed Railway TallinnRiga (via Tartu)200+ km/hProposed in 2019; existing railway can be upgraded no earlier than 2023 when ETCS level 3 installation will be finished at Tallinn–Tapa railway 450 km (280 mi)

Connections to Russian, Polish and Finnish high-speed railways are under planning.


Dedicated high-speed line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
HSL 1 LGV NordBruxelles-Sud 300 km/h (190 mph)December 14, 199788 km (55 mi)
HSL 2 Bruxelles-NordLiège-Guillemins 300 km/h (190 mph)December 15, 200295 km (59 mi)
HSL 3 Liège-GuilleminsCologne-Aachen 260 km/h (160 mph)June 14, 200956 km (35 mi)
HSL 4 Antwerpen-CentraalHSL Zuid 300 km/h (190 mph)200987 km (54 mi)
Line 25N SchaerbeekMechelen 160 km/h (99 mph) (now)
220 km/h (140 mph) (soon)
2019202020 km (12 mi)
Line 50A Brussels-South railway stationOstend 160 km/h (99 mph) (now)
200 km/h (120 mph) (soon)
2020+ (upgrading)114.3 km (71.0 mi)
Line 36N Brussels-North railway stationLeuven 200 km/h (120 mph) (after 2012)2003–200628.8 km (17.9 mi)
Line 96N Brussels-South railway stationHalle 160 km/h (99 mph) (now)
200 km/h (120 mph) (soon)
2020+13.6 km (8.5 mi)


Network nameLengthMaximum speedOpeningRemarks
Country total37,900 km (23,500 mi) (70,000 km with under construction)350 km/h (220 mph)2005–present
4+4 National Gridunknown350 km/h (220 mph)2005–2020Original plan
8+8 National Gridunknown350 km/h (220 mph)2016–2025Extended plan
2015 plan45,000 km (28,000 mi)350 km/h (220 mph)2015-2020Partially completed
2020 plan70,000 km (43,000 mi)350 km/h (220 mph)2020-2035 [41]
Regional Railways1,611 km (1,001 mi) (4130 km with under construction)350 km/h (220 mph)2008–2020
Intercity Railways7,210 km (4,480 mi) (7846 km with under construction)350 km/h (220 mph)2008–2020Built to expand almost few communter services existed before
Class 1 Railways5,056.9 km (3,142.2 mi)250 km/h (160 mph)2012–2019Slower service than intercity, but still high-speed
Shanghai Maglev30.5 km (19.0 mi)431 km/h (268 mph)2004The fastest commercial service in the world


Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Øresund Line PeberholmOresund Bridge 200 km/h (120 mph)July 1, 20005 km (3.1 mi)
Copenhagen–Ringsted Line CopenhagenRingsted At present 180 km/h (110 mph) due to signalling system
Built for 250 km/h (160 mph)
May 31, 2019
250 km/h in 2023
60 km (37 mi)
Ringsted-Fehmarn Line RingstedFehmarn 200 km/h (120 mph)
(prepared for 250 km/h (160 mph))
2021115 km (71 mi)
Ringsted-Odense Line RingstedOdense 200 km/h (120 mph)2028 (likely to be postponed)96 km (60 mi)
Randers–Aalborg line RandersAalborg 180 km/h (110 mph)
(upgradable to 200 km/h)
2028+80.7 km (50.1 mi)
Aarhus–Randers line AarhusRanders 160 km/h (99 mph)
(upgradable to 200 km/h)
2028+59.2 km (36.8 mi)
Esbjerg-Lunderskov-Flensburg EsbjergFlensburg 180 km/h (110 mph)
(upgradable to 200 km/h)
before 2030135.9 km (84.4 mi)
Middelfart-Odense new line AarhusOdense 250 km/h (160 mph)2028+145 km (90 mi)
Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link 200 km/h (120 mph)in construction 2021, opens 202818 km (11 mi)

Denmark has a signalling system allowing max 180 km/h. There is a plan to replace it with ETCS before 2030. On some lines, 200 km/h or more will be allowed as a direct result, without upgrading other things. Peberholm–Oresund Bridge has Swedish signalling system allowing max 200 km/h since 2000.


New main lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpening or openedLength
Lahti Main Line KeravaLahti 220 km/h (140 mph)September 3, 200675.7 km (47.0 mi)
Espoo–Salo Railway EspooSalo 300 km/h (190 mph)2031 (planned)95 km (59 mi)
Helsinki-Tampere High Speed Railway (partially using Lentorata) HelsinkiTampere 300 km/h (190 mph)2027+ (approved in 2019)100 km (62 mi)
Lentorata HelsinkiVantaa Airport 220 km/h (140 mph)2027+ (approved in 2019)30 km (19 mi)
Helsinki–Porvoo–Kouvola (partially using Lentorata) VantaaPorvooKouvola 300 km/h (190 mph)2027+ (approved in 2019)126 km (78 mi)
Arctic Railway RovaniemiKirkenes 250 km/h (160 mph)2030+526 km (327 mi)

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedUpgradeOpeningLength
Finnish Coastal Railway HelsinkiTurku 200 km/h (120 mph)19951902approximately 50 km (31 mi) (high speed section); 195.8 km (total)
Helsinki–Riihimäki Railway HelsinkiRiihimäki 200 km/h (120 mph)1995186271.4 km (44.4 mi)
Lahti–Kouvola Railway LahtiKouvola 200 km/h (120 mph)1995187061.4 km
Main line to Petersburg Kouvola–Russian border200 km/h (120 mph)2013187055 km (upgraded section)
Karelian Railway KouvolaJoensuu 200 km/h (120 mph)19951894112.3 km (69.8 mi) (high-speed section); 325,8 km (total)
Savo Railway KouvolaIisalmi 200 km/h (120 mph)1995190242.8 km (26.6 mi) (high-speed section); 357,8 km (total)
Riihimäki–Tampere Railway RiihimäkiTampere 200 km/h (120 mph)19951862–1876116 km (72 mi)
Seinäjoki–Oulu Railway (Seinäjoki–Kokkola section) SeinäjokiKokkola 200 km/h (120 mph)2010–20131886134 km (83 mi)
Seinäjoki–Oulu Railway (Kokkola-Oulu section) KokkolaOulu 200 km/h (120 mph)2010–20171886200.8 km (124.8 mi)
Tampere–Seinäjoki Railway TampereSeinäjoki 200 km/h (120 mph)19951880160 km (99 mi)


Dedicated high-speed lines

French figures of LGV length count only new tracks and not total length between terminal stations (i.e.: 409 km instead of 425 km for the LGV Sud-Est)

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
LGV Sud-Est Paris Gare de LyonLyon-Perrache 270–300 km/h1981409 km
LGV Atlantique Paris Gare MontparnasseCourtalain 300 km/h1990130 km
CourtalainTours 102 km
CourtalainLe Mans 52 km
LGV Rhône-Alpes Lyon-PerracheSaint-Quentin-Fallavier 300 km/h199237 km
Saint-Quentin-FallavierValence 199478 km
LGV Nord Gare du NordChannel Tunnel 300 km/h1993333 km
LGV Interconnexion Est LGV NordLGV Sud-Est 300 km/h199457 km
LGV Méditerranée ValenceLes Angles 300 km/h [42] 2001-06-10127 km
Les AnglesNîmes 25 km
Les AnglesMarseille 320 km/h [42] 91 km
LGV Est Paris Gare de l'EstBaudrecourt (Part 1)350 km/h (revenue service)
574.8 km/h (world speed record)
2007-06-10300 km
BaudrecourtStrasbourg (Part 2)350 km/h2016-07-03107 km
LGV Perpignan–Figueres PerpignanFigueres 320 km/h2010-12-1944.4 km
LGV Rhin-Rhône Eastern branch CollongesPetit-Croix (Part 1)320 km/h2011-12-11140 km
DijonCollonges & Petit-CroixMulhouse (Part 2)320 km/h2028(50 km)
LGV Sud Europe Atlantique ToursBordeaux 350 km/h [43] 2017-07-02279 km
LGV Bretagne-Pays de la Loire Le MansRennes 350 km/h2017-07-02182 km
Contournement Nîmes–Montpellier NîmesMontpellier 220 km/h2018-07-0880 km
LGV Bordeaux–Toulouse BordeauxToulouse 320 km/hAfter 2032 (planned)(235 km)
LGV Bordeaux–Espagne Bordeaux–Spanish border320 km/hAfter 2034 (planned)(60 km)
LGV Montpellier–Perpignan MontpellierPerpignan 350 km/hc.a. 2027+(150 km)
Total2573 km

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedUpgradeOpeningLength
(Paris–) Étampes–Orléans–Vierzon ÉtampesVierzon 200 km/h19671847143 km [44]
LGV Lyon–Turin 2nd part LyonSaint-Jean-de-Maurienne 220 km/h20301861(with 18.8 km upgraded)
Bordeaux–Irun railway Bordeaux-Dax 200 km/h2017186437.5 km (Labouheyre section)
Ligne de Coutras à Tulle Coutras-Mussidan 200 km/hUnknown187129.6 km
Paris–Lille railway Gare du NordLille 200 km/h199318463.7 km [44] (200 km/h sections)
Mantes-la-Jolie–Cherbourg railwayCherbourg–Bernay200 km/h19891855-185885.267 km [44] (200 km/h sections)
(Paris–) Connerré–Brest ConnerréBrest 220 km/h1990186553.6 km
Savenay–Landerneau railway 220 km/h1990s1862-186742 km
Le Mans–Angers railway Le MansAngers 220 km/h2010s186373.8 km [44]
(Paris–) Marseille Gare de LyonMarseille-Saint-Charles station 200 km/h1970s185596.2 km [44] (200 km/h sections)
(Paris–) Clermont-Ferrand Gare de LyonClermont-Ferrand 200 km/h2003185353.5 km [44] (200 km/h sections)
Strasbourg–Basel railway StrasbourgMulhouse 220 km/h19951844141.3 km [44]
Saint-BenoîtLa Rochelle-Ville (fr) Saint-BenoîtLa Rochelle-Ville 200 km/h2017 (claimed)1857106 km [44]
Dijon-Ville–Vallorbe (Swiss border)Dijon-Ville–Dole-Ville200 km/h(planned)1855–1915(46.3 km)
Paris-Est–Strasbourg-Ville railway Le Chénay-Gagny to LGV Est junction220 km/h2015(6.6 km)
Moret–Lyon railway Gien to Saint-Étienne-Châteaucreux station200 km/h2011(62.5 km)
Ligne de Saint-Germain-des-Fossés à Nantes (Tours–Saint-Nazaire railway)190–200 km/h1990s1848-1857(37.0 km)
Clermont-Ferrand to Riom190–200 km/h1976-2020(14 km)
Total1,192 km


Dedicated high-speed lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Hanover–Berlin high-speed railway WolfsburgBerlin 250 km/h (300 km/h planned)September 15, 1998258 km
Hanover–Würzburg high-speed railway HanoverWürzburg 280 km/h1991327 km
Mannheim–Stuttgart high-speed railway MannheimStuttgart 280 km/hMay 9, 199199 km
Köln–Frankfurt high-speed rail line CologneFrankfurt 300 km/hAugust 1, 2002180 km
Nuremberg–Munich high-speed railway NurembergIngolstadt 300 km/hMay 13, 200690 km
Erfurt–Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway ErfurtLeipzig 300 km/hDecember 9, 2015123 km
Frankfurt–Mannheim high-speed railway FrankfurtMannheim Planned (300 km/h ready)2028-203085 km
Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway NurembergErfurt 300 km/hDecember 10, 2017190 km
Karlsruhe–Basel high-speed railway KarlsruheBasel 250 km/h2001-2041182 km
Stuttgart–Wendlingen high-speed railway StuttgartWendlingen 250 km/hDecember 2025 [45] 25 km
Wendlingen–Ulm high-speed railway WendlingenUlm 250 km/hDecember 2022 [45] 59.58 km
Hanau-Gelnhausen high-speed railway HanauGelnhausen Planned (300 km/h ready)203055 km
Bielefeld–Hannover high-speed railway BielefeldHannover Planned (300 km/h ready)2030100 km
Ulm-Augsburg (parallel new line) UlmAugsburg Planned (250 km/h ready)203070 km [46]
Fulda - Eisenach250 km/h203052 km
Fulda - Frankfurt (parallel new)250 km/h203580 km
Ostermünchen-Brannenburg-Austrian border250 km/h203035 km

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedUpgradeOpeningLength
Saale-Bamberg Railway SaaleBamberg 200 km/hBefore 20351848-1885128.2 km
Appenweier–Strasbourg railway KehlAppenweier 200 km/h2010–2023186113.5 km (high-speed); 22 (total)
Munich–Treuchtlingen railway MunichTreuchtlingen 200 km/h2006–2013187029 km (high-speed); 136.7 (total)
Halle–Bebra railway BebraErfurt 200 km/h2014–20191846–184996.13 km (high-speed); 210 km (total); 79.63 km (planned)
Bebra–Fulda railway BebraFulda 200 km/hbefore 2030186666 km
Berlin–Halle railway BerlinHalle 200 km/h1992–20061841–1859161.6 km (new line in parallel at Leipzig-Halle section)
Berlin–Görlitz railway BerlinCottbus 200 km/h2023-2027 (Approved)1866-1867114.7 km
Berlin–Dresden railway 200 km/h20201875174.2 km
Hamm–Warburg railway HammWarburg 200 km/h1993–19941850–18538.4 km (high-speed); 131 km (total)
Berlin–Hamburg Railway BerlinHamburg 230 km/h1997–2004 (160 km/h operations in the 1930s)1846284.1 km
Wanne-Eickel–Hamburg railway Wanne-EickelHamburg 200 km/h1978–19901870–1874355 km
Cologne–Aachen high-speed railway KölnAachen 250 km/h2002184170 km
Cologne–Duisburg railway KölnDuisburg 200 km/h19911845–184664 km
Dortmund–Hamm railway DortmundHamm 200 km/h19861845–184731 km; of which 20 km is high-speed
Hanover–Hamburg railway HanoverHamburg 200 km/h1984–19871846–1847181.2 km
Hamm–Minden railway HammMinden 200 km/h (300 km/h planned)19801847112 km
Hanover–Minden railway HanoverMinden 200 km/h1984–1985184764.4 km
Leipzig–Dresden railway LeipzigDresden 200 km/h1994–20141837–1839117 km
Trebnitz–Leipzig railway LeipzigBitterfeld 200 km/h2006185921.5 km
Nuremberg–Würzburg Railway NurembergWürzburg 200 km/h1992–19991854–1865102.2 km
Regensburg–Passau railway Obertraubling-Platting200 km/h2006-20301859–187357.5 km
Rhine Railway Mannheim-Karlsruhe MannheimKarlsruhe 250 km/h19871840–185561 km (upgraded southern section 200 km/h)
Rhine Railway Karlsruhe-Rastatt KarlsruheRastatt Süd250 km/h20241840–1855~30 km (under construction)
Rhine Railway Rastatt-Offenburg Rastatt Süd–Offenburg 250 km/h20011840–1855~50 km
Rhine Railway Offenburg-Basel OffenburgBasel 250 km/hunknown1840–1855~120 km [47]
Rosenheim–Salzburg railway RosenheimSalzburg 200 km/hto be upgraded before 20301828–183888.6 km
Löhne–Rheine railway Löhne stationRheine station 200 km/h (230 km/h in short period after)before 20301850s124 km
Mannheim–Frankfurt railway MannheimFrankfurt 200 km/h1985–19991869–187974.8 km
Munich–Regensburg railway MunichLandshut 230 km/hbefore 20301859–187376.1 km
Munich–Rosenheim railway MunichRosenheim 230 km/hbefore 2030187121.4 km (upgrading); 65 km
Main–Spessart railway HanauWürzburg 200 km/h2013–2017185438.254 km (high-speed); 112.5 km (total)
Kinzig Valley Railway (Hesse) HanauFulda 200 km/h2007–20211866–187516 km (high-speed); 80.6 km (total)
Munich–Augsburg railway MunichAugsburg 230 km/h1977–20111839–185461.9 km
Ulm–Augsburg railway UlmAugsburg 200 km/h (now); 250 km/h (soon)1988–1992185385.9 km
Waghäusel Saalbach–Graben-Neudorf railway Waghäusel Saalbach–Graben-Neudorf200 km/h1977–19881980s7.94 km
Mannheim–Saarbrücken railway Mannheim–Saarbrücken160 km/h (some sections are 200 km/h ready)2003-2025 (under upgrading)1847–1904130.5 km
Nuremberg–Augsburg railway NurembergAugsburg 200 km/h1978–19811841–186936.5 km (high-speed section); 137.1 km (total)
Lübeck–Puttgarden railway LübeckPuttgarden 200 km/h2028 (upgrading)1898–192888.6 km
Lübeck–Hamburg railway LübeckHamburg Hauptbahnhof 200 km/h2027 (upgrading)186562.8 km
Oberhausen–Arnhem railway EmmerichOberhausen 200 km/hunknown (upgrading approved)185473 km
Oberhausen–Duisburg-Ruhrort railway Duisburg-RuhrortOberhausen 200 km/hunknown (upgrading approved)18488.6 km
Plauen–Cheb line PlauenCheb 200 km/hEIS phase186573.9 km
Munich–Mühldorf railway MunichMühldorf 200 km/hplanned1853–186345.609 km (high-speed); 115.087 km (total)
Uelzen–Langwedel railway UelzenLangwedel 200 km/hBefore 2030187397.4 km
Wunstorf–Bremen railway WunstorfBremen 200 km/hBefore 20301847122.3 km
Stendal–Uelzen railway StendalUelzen 200 km/hBefore 20301873107.5 km
Magdeburg-Wittenberge railway StendalMagdeburg 200 km/hBefore 2030184658.7 km
Magdeburg–Leipzig railway MagdeburgHalle 200 km/hBefore 2030184086.3 km
Magdeburg-Wittenberge railway StendalMagdeburg 200 km/hBefore 2030184658.7 km
Leipzig–Hof railway LeipzigGößnitz 200 km/hBefore 2035184253.5 km
Münster–Rheine railway MünsterRheine 200 km/hBefore 2030184639 km
Cologne-Wuppertal Railway CologneWuppertal 200 km/hBefore 2030186841.3 km
Brunswick–Wolfsburg Railway BraunschweigWolfsburg 200 km/hBefore 20301844-190427.2 km
Neustrelitz–Warnemünde railway RostockNeustrelitz 200 km/hBefore 20351886113.2 km
Main-Neckar Railway Darmstadt Hbf–Heidelberg Hbf200 km/hBefore 2030184659.7 km
Berlin–Wrocław railway Berlin–Frankfurt-Am-Oder200 km/h2027 (planned)184781.2 km

Hong Kong

Dedicated high-speed line

Network nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLengthRemarks
Hong Kong Express Rail Link West KowloonHong Kong/China border200 km/h (120 mph)2018-09-2326 km (16 mi)Temporarily shut down since January 2020



National Rail Plan's (NRP) proposed routes of high-speed rail corridors. NRP HSR Map.JPG
National Rail Plan's (NRP) proposed routes of high-speed rail corridors.

In India, trains in the future with top speeds of 300-350 km/h, are envisaged to run on elevated corridors to isolate high-speed train tracks and thereby prevent trespassing by animals or people. The current conventional lines between Amritsar-New Delhi, and Ahmedabad-Mumbai runs through suburban and rural areas, which are flat and have no tunnels. The Ahmedabad-Mumbai line runs near the coast and therefore, has more bridges, and parts of it are in backwaters or forests. The 1987 RDSO/JICA feasibility study found the Mumbai-Ahmedabad line to be the most promising.[ citation needed ]

Route map of 11 proposed stations for Kerala's Silverline Corridor Kerala Silverline Route map.jpg
Route map of 11 proposed stations for Kerala’s Silverline Corridor

The government of Kerala state has also expressed interest in constructing a high-speed rail corridor by the name of Silverline under K-Rail corporation to carry both freight and passengers along the length of the state, from Kasargod in the north end to the state capital, Thiruvananthapuram in the south end. The 532 km (331 mi) project reduces the current travel time of 12 hours to just under 4 hours from north to south with a maximum designed speed of 220 km/h (140 mph). The project is estimated to be completed by 2025 and is expected to cost 0.66 trillion (US$8.8 billion). [49]

  Under Construction  Proposed  Approved

Summary of proposed and under construction high-speed rail lines in India (standard gauge)
High-speed CorridorSpeedLengthFurther extensionStatusPlanned opening (According to NRP) [50]
North India [51]
Delhi–Varanasi high-speed rail corridor 320200865537DPR under preparation2031
Delhi–Amritsar high-speed rail corridor 320200480300(Via Chandigarh)Approved [52] 2041
Delhi–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor 320200886551(Via Udaipur)Land acquisition to begin2031
Amritsar–Jammu high-speed rail corridor 320200190120(Via Pathankot)Proposed [53] 2028
East India
Varanasi–Howrah high-speed rail corridor 320200711442(Via Patna)DPR under preparation [54] 2031
Patna–Guwahati high-speed rail corridor 320200850530Proposed2051
West India
Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor 320200508.18315.77Under Construction2028
Mumbai–Nagpur high-speed rail corridor 320200736457( Via Nashik, Aurangabad)DPR under preparation2041
Mumbai–Hyderabad high-speed rail corridor [55] 350220711442( Via Pune, Solapur)Approved2041
Central India
Nagpur–Varanasi high-speed rail corridor 320200855531Proposed2041
South India
Chennai–Mysuru high-speed rail corridor 320200435270(Via Bengaluru) [52] DPR under preparation2041
Silverline Corridor 250160532331(Via Kochi,Thrissur,Calicut)Land Aquisition Survey under progress2025
Hyderabad–Bengaluru high-speed rail corridor 320200618384Proposed2041
123202007,8564,8810/1230 years' time

Feasibility studies

Potential High Speed Rail lines (2011) Potential HSR Lines in India 2.gif
Potential High Speed Rail lines (2011)

Multiple pre-feasibility and feasibility studies have been done or are in progress.

The consultants for pre-feasibility study for four corridors are: [58]

In September 2013, an agreement was signed in New Delhi to complete a feasibility study of high-speed rail between Ahmedabad and Mumbai, within 18 months. [59] The study will cost ¥500 million [60] and the cost will be shared 50:50 by Japan and India. [59]

Location of the stations, its accessibility, integration with public transport, parking and railway stations design [61] will play an important role in the success of the high speed railway system. Mumbai may have an underground corridor to have high-speed rail start from the CST terminal. [62] European experiences have shown that railway stations outside the city receive less patronage and ultimately make the high-speed railway line unfeasible. [63]

The feasibility study for the Chennai-Bengaluru high-speed rail corridor was completed by Germany in November 2018. The study found that the route was feasible. The proposed corridor would be 435 km long and would have an end-to-end travel time of 2 hours and 25 minutes with trains operating at a speed of 320 km/h. The study proposed constructing 84% of the track on viaducts, 11% underground and the remaining 4% at-grade. The current fastest train on the Chennai-Bengaluru route, the Shatabdi Express, completes the journey in 7 hours. [64]

Diamond Quadrilateral project

Potential Diamond Quadrilateral route map. Potential Diamond Quadrilateral HSR route map.JPG
Potential Diamond Quadrilateral route map.

The Diamond Quadrilateral high-speed rail network project is set to connect the four major metro cities of India namely: Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Mumbai. [65] [66] [67] Prime minister of India mentioned in his address to the joint session of Parliament on 9 June 2014 that the new Government was committing to build the dream project. Although the route is not yet planned, the alignment could follow the existing Golden Quadrilateral railway line which links other major cities. [68]

Diamond Quadrilateral project's proposed and probable lines (standard gauge)
High-speed CorridorSpeedLengthViaStatusPlanned opening (According to NRP) [50]
Delhi–Kolkata 3202001,576979 Varanasi DPR under preparation2031
Kolkata–Chennai3202001,500930 Vishakapatnam TBDTBD [note 1]
Mumbai–Chennai3202001,200750 Hubli TBDTBD [note 2]
Delhi–Mumbai3202001,394866 Ahmedabad and Jaipur One section under construction2031
Delhi–Bengaluru3202001,9001,200 Bhopal and Hyderabad TBDTBD [note 3]
Mumbai–Kolkata3202001,8001,100 Nagpur TBDTBD [note 4]

Classic upgraded lines

Line nameMaximum speedOpeningLength
Delhi–Chandigarh200 km/h (120 mph) (initially);
220 km/h (140 mph) (proposed)
(approved)244 km (152 mi)
Delhi–Kanpur200 km/h (120 mph)(approved)441 km (274 mi)
ThiruvananthapuramKasaragod 220 km/h (140 mph) (initially);
250 km/h (160 mph) (proposed)
(approved) [69] 529 km (329 mi)
Mumbai–Ahmedabad200 km/h (120 mph)(approved)493 km (306 mi)
Mysuru–Bengaluru–Chennai200 km/h (120 mph)(approved)495 km (308 mi)
Nagpur–Secunderabad200 km/h (120 mph)(approved)575 km (357 mi)
Delhi–Mumbai200 km/h (120 mph)(approved)1,386 km (861 mi)
Delhi–Kolkata200 km/h (120 mph)(approved)1,500 km (930 mi)


Dedicated high-speed lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Jakarta–Bandung high-speed railway JakartaBandung 300 km/h (190 mph) to 350 km/h (220 mph)2023 (under construction)142.3 km (88.4 mi)


Dedicated high-speed lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpening or openedLength
Florence–Rome high-speed railway FlorenceRome 250 km/h (160 mph)May 26, 1992 (full length)254 km (158 mi)
Rome–Naples high-speed railway RomeNaples 300 km/h (190 mph)December 29, 2005 (full length)205 km (127 mi)
Naples–Salerno high-speed railway NaplesSalerno 250 km/h (160 mph)June 200829 km (18 mi)
Turin–Milan high-speed railway TurinMilan 300 km/h (190 mph)December 5, 2009 (full length)125 km (78 mi)
Milan–Bologna high-speed railway MilanBologna 300 km/h (190 mph)December 13, 2008215 km (134 mi)
Bologna–Florence high-speed railway BolognaFlorence 300 km/h (190 mph)December 5, 200978 km (48 mi)
Milan–Verona high-speed railway MilanVerona 300 km/h (190 mph)2023 (under construction) [70] 77 km (48 mi) (in operation); 165 km (103 mi) (full line under construction)
Tortona–Genoa high-speed railway TortonaGenova 250 km/h (160 mph)2022 (under construction)53 km (33 mi)
Brenner Base Tunnel 250 km/h (160 mph)December 21, 202556 km (35 mi)
Verona-Brenner 250 km/h (160 mph)2025276 km (171 mi)
Verona-Venice 300 km/h (190 mph)unknown28 km (17 mi) (in operation); 103 km (64 mi) (full line under construction)

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Naples-Foggia NaplesFoggia 200 km/h (120 mph)2026 (to be upgraded)23 km (14 mi) (now); 194 km (121 mi) (full line approved)
Salerno–Reggio Calabria railway SalernoReggio Calabria 200 km/h (120 mph)1987-2021135.3 km (84.1 mi) (out of 333 km)
Milan–Bologna railway MilanBologna 200 km/h (120 mph)upgraded in 1930s219 km (136 mi)
Adriatic railway LecceBariFoggia 200 km/h (120 mph)2023 (to be upgraded)32 km (20 mi) (upgraded or new); 160.96 km (100.02 mi) (upgrading); 594 km (369 mi) (full)
Bologna–Ancona railway BolognaAncona 200 km/h (120 mph)2015; ? (to be upgraded)52 km (32 mi) (upgraded or new); 204 km (127 mi) (full, to be upgraded)
Route to Swiss border MilanChiasso 200 km/h (120 mph)Unknown (to be upgraded)51 km (32 mi)
Genoa–Ventimiglia railway GenoaVentimiglia 180 km/h (110 mph) (now; upgradable)Unknown (to be upgraded)50.2 km (31.2 mi)
Livorno–Rome railway Cecina–Toscana/Lazio border200 km/h (120 mph)150.5 km (93.5 mi)
Verona–Bologna railway Verona–Bologna200 km/h (120 mph)113 km (70 mi)
Verona-Venice old railway Verona–Venice200 km/h (120 mph)50.7 km (31.5 mi)
Rome–Ancona railway FolignoFabriano 200 km/h (120 mph)(planned)53.279 km (33.106 mi)


Dedicated high-speed lines

Map of Shinkansen lines (excluding the Hakata-Minami Line and Gala-Yuzawa Line extension) Shinkansen map 201703 en.png
Map of Shinkansen lines (excluding the Hakata-Minami Line and Gala-Yuzawa Line extension)
Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Tokaido Shinkansen TokyoShin-Osaka 285 km/hOctober 1, 1964515.4 km
Sanyo Shinkansen Shin-OsakaOkayama 300 km/hMarch 15, 1972553.7 km
OkayamaHakata March 10, 1975
Tohoku Shinkansen TokyoUeno 130 km/h [71] June 20, 1991674.9 km
UenoOmiya November 15, 1985
OmiyaUtsunomiya 275 km/hJune 23, 1982
UtsunomiyaMorioka 320 km/h
MoriokaHachinohe 260 km/h (320 km/h soon) [71]
(360 km/h testing [72] )
December 1, 2002
HachinoheShin-Aomori December 4, 2010
Joetsu Shinkansen OmiyaNiigata 240 km/h (275 km/h after spring 2023) [73] November 15, 1982269.5 km
Hokuriku Shinkansen TakasakiNagano 260 km/hOctober 1, 1997470.6 km
NaganoKanazawa March 14, 2015
KanazawaTsuruga construction (260 km/h ready)2022 (expected)
TsurugaOsaka planning (260 km/h ready)2030+ (most likely 2045)in study
Kyushu Shinkansen HakataShin-Yatsushiro 260 km/hMarch 12, 2011256.8 km
Shin-YatsushiroKagoshima-Chuo March 13, 2004
Takeo-OnsenNagasaki construction2023 (expected, likely to be delayed until 2025)66.7 km
HakataTakeo-Onsen temporarily will be launched as an upgraded line, dedicated tracks proposed2030+90 km
Hokkaido Shinkansen Shin-AomoriShin-Hakodate-Hokuto 260 km/hMarch 26, 2016360.2 km
Shin-Hakodate-HokutoSapporo construction2030 (expected)

Maglev lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Chuo Shinkansen Shinagawa (Tokyo)Nagoya 505 km/h (planned revenue services)
603 km/h (achieved speed record)
2027 (Demonstrating operation since 2020)285.6 km (42.8 km ready as test track)
NagoyaOsaka 505 km/h2037152.4 km


Dedicated high-speed line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
LGV Tanger–Kénitra TangerKénitra 320 km/h (200 mph)2018-11-15200 km (120 mi)

Upgraded line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
LGV Kénitra–Casablanca KénitraCasablanca 160 km/h (320 km/h ready after upgrades)2020150 km

Dedicated high-speed lines planned

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
LGV Rabat–Oujda RabatOujda Before 2030 (expected)About 600 km
LGV Casablanca–Agadir CasablancaAgadir Before 2030 (expected)About 550 km
TotalAbout 1150 km


Dedicated high-speed line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
HSL-Zuid Amsterdam CentraalHSL 4 300 km/h2009-09-07125 km
Hanzelijn Lelystad–Zwolle160 km/h (200 km/h ready)December 2012; high-speed expected in 202150 km

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Rhine Railway Amsterdam–German border140/160 km/h (restricted)
200 km/h will be after further electrification upgrades
2023116.8 km


LineSpeedLengthConstruction beganExpected start of revenue services
Gardermobanen 210 km/h67 km19941999
Vestfold Line 200–250 km/h55.5 km (now); extra 64 km (by 2032)19932012–2018-2024-2032
Dovre Line 200–300 km/h17 km (now); 110 km (by 2030)20122015-2024–2030
Oslo–Ski 250 km/h22.5 km20142021 (postponed for December 2022 [74] )
Østfoldbanen 250 km/h77 km (by 2024); 112.35 km (by 2030)20192024–≈2030
Østfoldbanen (dedicated part)250 km/h33 kmunknown2030
Ringerike Line 250 km/h40 km20212028–≈2029
Grenlandsbanen250 km/h59 kmunknown2035
Bergen Line 200 km/h69.2 km (high-speed); 371 km (full)unknown2030


Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Warsaw–Gdańsk railway (PKP rail line 9) WarsawGdańsk 200 km/h (120 mph)December 2020145 km
PKP rail line 4 WłoszczowaZawiercie 200 km/h (120 mph)

230–250 km/h (140–160 mph) scheduled in 2023

2014-12-1458 km (36 mi) [75]
Grodzisk MazowieckiIdzikowice 2017-12-1085 km (53 mi) [75]
other upgradable sections230–250 km/h (140–160 mph)2017-2023 (projected)44 km (27 mi) [75]
Warsaw-Białystok-Ełk-Suwałki-national border (Rail Baltica, partially new line between Ełk and national border)Warsaw-Trakiszki200 km/h (120 mph) Warszawa-Ełk; 250 km/h (160 mph) Ełk-national border2025 (projected)280.541 km (upgradable section)
PKP rail line 131 Bydgoszcz-Tczew200 km/h (120 mph)After 2023124.166 km (upgrading); 492.019 km (full line)

Dedicated lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Y-shape linePhase 1:

Warsaw-Central Transport Hub (Solidarity Airport)-Lodz

Phase 2: Sieradz-Poznan/Wrocław

250 km/h (160 mph)Phase 1: 2027–2029 (with Central Transport Hub)450 km
CMK Północ / PKP rail line 5Central Transport Hub (Solidarity Airport)-Płock-Włocławek-Grudziądz-Tczew/Gdańsk250 km/h (160 mph)After 2030~295 km
Connector between Y-shape line, PKP rail line 4 and PKP rail line 5Central Transport Hub (Solidarity Airport)-Korytów250 km/h (160 mph)2027–2029 (with Central Transport Hub)~25 km
Shortcut in PKP rail line 9Warszawa Choszczówka-Nasielsk/Kątne/Świercze250 km/h (160 mph)?~33 km
V4 rail corridor (loose concept) WarsawBratislavaBudapest 250 km/h (160 mph) ?900 km (560 mi) (total; including foreign line)


Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Linha do Norte Porto-CampanhãLisboa-Santa Apolónia 220 km/h (140 mph)1999116.9 km (high-speed); 336.8 km (total)
Linha do Sul Porto-CampanhãFaro 220 km/h (140 mph)2004approx. 110 km (high-speed); approx. 50 km (upgrading); 273.6 km (total)
South Axis (section under upgrading) [76] Faro–Évora220 km/h (140 mph)2014-2025277.7 km

Dedicated lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Lisbon–Porto high-speed rail line LisbonPorto 300 km/h (186 mph)until 2030298 km
South Axis (new section) [76] Évora–Spanish Border250 km/h (155 mph)until 203097 km


Upgraded lines

Start and end pointsMaximum speedUpgradeLength
Bucharest-Cluj200 km/h2020 (construction delayed)497 km
Cluj-Hungarian border200 km/h2020–2026 (upgrading claimed)160 km
Bucharest-Iasi200 km/hProposed406 km
Ploiești-Suceava200 km/hProposed505 km


Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Moscow–Saint Petersburg Railway MoscowSaint Petersburg 250 km/h (160 mph) (9% of tracks), 100–200 km/h (the rest)1997-2001 (bypass over Msta river, capable of 200+ km/h)
1990s (200 km/h weekly service)
2009-12-26 (250 km/h daily service)
Ongoing upgrading (third track at exits from cities)
650 km (400 mi)
Riihimäki–Saint Petersburg Railway RiihimäkiSaint Petersburg 220 km/h (140 mph) (Finnish section), 140–200 km/h (Russian section)2010-12-12195 km (121 mi)
(157 km upgraded; the rest 38 km electrified in 2006–2009)
Gorkovskaya Railway MoscowNizhniy Novgorod [23] 140–180 km/h (87–112 mph) (now), 200 km/h (soon)2010 (higher-speed); 2024 (high-speed)421 km (262 mi)

Dedicated lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
HSR Moscow - Saint Petersburg MoscowSaint Petersburg 250–400 km/h (160–250 mph)Planned in 1980s
Construction started in 1997 (only Msta river bridge finished by 2001)
Postponed at the most of its length in 1998 crisis
Project approved in 2000s
now is granted[ clarification needed ] by the government (to be completed before 2024)
679 km (422 mi)
HSR Moscow - Kazan MoscowKazan 400 km/h (250 mph)Construction was originally planned to break ground at 2018; now postponed in favour of HSR MoscowSaint Petersburg 762 km (473 mi)
HSR Ural ChelyabinskYekaterinburg 300 km/h (190 mph)Postponed due to COVID-19 pandemic218 km (135 mi)
HSR Moscow - Rostov-on-Don - Adler MoscowAdler 400 km/h (250 mph)2035 (claimed)1,550 km (960 mi)

Saudi Arabia

Dedicated high-speed lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Haramain HSR MeccaMedina 300 km/h2018-10-11453 km
Gulf Railway (Saudi section)220 km/huntil 2023663 km

Classic upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
SRO Dammam–Riyadh line DammamRiyadh 180 km/h (now); 200 km/h (soon)1981449 km
SAR Riyadh–Qurayyat line Riyadh–Qurayyat180 km/h (now); 200 km/h (soon)20171,242 km


Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Budapest–Belgrade railway BelgradeStara Pazova 200 km/h (120 mph)202234.5 km (21.4 mi)
Stara PazovaNovi Sad 200 km/h (120 mph)202243 km (27 mi)
Novi Sad-Hungarian Border200 km/h (120 mph)2020s (upgrading from 2021)106.5 km (66.2 mi)
part of the Budapest–Belgrade–Skopje–Athens railway Belgrade-Niš 200 km/h (120 mph)2023204 km (127 mi) [77]

South Korea

Dedicated high-speed lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Gyeongbu HSR Line SeoulDongdaegu 305 km/h (350 km/h ready)2004-04-01286.8 km
DongdaeguBusan 2010-11-01130.7 km
Honam HSR Line OsongGwangju Songjeong 305 km/h (350 km/h ready)2015-04-02182.3 km
Suseo–Pyeongtaek HSR Line SuseoJijePyeongtaek Junction 300 km/h2016-12-0961.1 km

Higher-speed lines

Dedicated higher-speed line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Gyeonggang Line(Wonju-Gangneung) SeowonjuGangneung 250 km/h2017-12-22120.7 km

Higher-speed line sharing Conventional Train Service

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Jungang Line(Cheongnangni-Dodam) CheongnyangniDeokso 150 km/h2005-12-1618.0 km
DeoksoYongmun 180 km/h2009-12-2341.3 km
YongmunSeowonju 200 km/h2012-12-2531.1 km
SeowonjuJecheon 260 km/h2021-01-0544.1 km [78]
Jecheon–Dodam260 km/h2011-03-3117.4 km

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Jeolla Line IksanSuncheon 200 km/h (230 km/h ready)2011-10-05145.6 km
Suncheon–Yeosu Expo 230 km/h34.8 km
Donghae Line Geoncheon InterconnectionPohang 200 km/h2015-04-0238.7 km
Geoncheon Interconnection–Taehwagang Upgrading (200 km/h)2021 (expected)41.6 km
Honam Line Gwangju Songjeong - GomagwonUpgrading (230 km/h)2019-06-0125.9 km
Gomagwon – Imseong-riUpgrading (230 km/h)202377.6 km

Planned Higher-Speed Line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Jungang Line(Dodam-Gyeongju)Dodam–Yeongcheon Upgrading (250 km/h)2022 (expected)148.1 km
Yeongcheon–Singyeongju Upgrading (250 km/h)2021 (expected)20.4 km
Bujeon–Masan Line Bujeon–Chilsan JunctionConstruction (200 km/h)2022 (expected)50.8 km
Seohae Line Wonsi–Hongseong Construction (250 km/h)2022 (expected)89.2 km
Jungbu Naeryuk Line Bubal - MungyeongConstruction (250 km/h)2021 (expected)93.185 km
Nambunaeryuk Line Gimcheon – GeojePlanned (250 km/h)2028 (expected)187.3 km


Dedicated high-speed line (operational)

LineConnected citiesYear of
Operational top speedType of trainsLength
North-western corridor
HSR Madrid–Galicia Ourense · Santiago de Compostela 2011250 km/h or 155 mph S-121, S-73088.2 km
Madrid Chamartín · Segovia · Olmedo · Zamora 2015
HSR Atlantic Axis Santiago de Compostela · A Coruña 2011250 km/h or 155 mph S-121, S-730
Vigo · Pontevedra · Santiago de Compostela 2015
North corridor
HSR Madrid–León Madrid Chamartín · Segovia · Valladolid 2007300 km/h or 186 mph S-102, S-114178.1 km
Valladolid · Venta de Baños · Palencia · León 2015166.1 km
North-eastern corridor
HSR Madrid–Barcelona Madrid Atocha · Guadalajara–Yebes · Calatayud · Zaragoza · Lleida 2003310 km/h or 193 mph S-100, S-103, S-112, S-120, S-121 442.1 km
Lleida · Camp de Tarragona 200678.8 km
Camp de Tarragona · Barcelona-Sants 2008100 km
HSR Barcelona–Perpignan Figueres · Perpignan (France)2009300 km/h or 186 mph S-100, SNCF TGV Duplex
Barcelona-Sants · Barcelona-Sagrera · Girona · Figueres 2013128 km
HSR Madrid–Huesca Madrid Atocha · Guadalajara–Yebes · Calatayud · Zaragoza · Tardienta · Huesca 2005300 km/h or 186 mph S-102
Eastern corridor
HSR Madrid–Castellón Madrid Atocha · Cuenca · Requena-Utiel · Valencia 2010300 km/h or 186 mph S-102, S-112, S-130 390.3 km
Valencia · Castellón 2018 S-112, S-130
HSR Madrid–Alicante Madrid Atocha · Cuenca · Albacete 2010300 km/h or 186 mph S-112, S-130
Albacete · Villena · Alicante 2013
Southern corridor
HSR Madrid–Seville Madrid Atocha · Ciudad Real · Puertollano · Córdoba · Sevilla 1992300 km/h or 186 mph S-100, S-102, S-103, S-112, S-104
Sevilla · Jerez de la Frontera · Cádiz 2015200 km/h or 124 mph S-130
HSR Córdoba–Málaga Córdoba · Puente Genil-Herrera · Antequera-Santa Ana · Málaga 2007300 km/h or 186 mph S-102, S-103, S-112, S-104512 km
HSR Madrid–Toledo Madrid Atocha · Toledo 2005250 km/h or 155 mphS-104
HSR Antequera–Granada Antequera-Santa Ana · Granada 2019300 km/h or 186 mphS-102, S-112

North-western corridor

Map of the high-speed rail network (newly built and upgraded lines). Also shows under construction, planned or in study lines. AVE map.svg
Map of the high-speed rail network (newly built and upgraded lines). Also shows under construction, planned or in study lines.


The Madrid–Zamora line is the open section of the under construction Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line connecting Madrid to Zamora via Segovia. The line shares a common section with the Madrid–Leon line for the part between Madrid and Olmedo. The Madrid–Zamora line entered revenue service on December 17, 2015, by Alvia S-730 (Patito, max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) trains that cover the distance in 1 hour and 33 minutes. [79] Part of the line up to Medina del Campo is also used for the Alvia Madrid–Salamanca service.

The Atlantic Axis

The Atlantic Axis high-speed railway line is connecting the two main cities of Vigo and A Coruña (Corunna) via Santiago de Compostela in the northwestern Spanish region of Galicia. The railway, 155.6 km in length, is an upgrade of the former non-electrified single railway line between the town of Ferrol and the Portuguese border for the part between A Coruña and Vigo, into a double electrified high-speed line. The new rebuilt railway permits mixed use traffic with a maximum design speed of 250 km/h for passenger trains. [80] The new railway was inaugurated in April 2015 and shortened the distance between the two cities by 22 km, from 178 km to 156 km, and cut the travel time from around 3 hours on the old railway down to 1 hour and 20 minutes on the new one. 37 tunnels totalling 59 km and 34 bridges totalling 15 km form part of the rebuilt railway. [81] The line is served by Alvia S-121 or S-730 (max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) train-sets for the routes between A Coruña and Vigo [82] and between A Coruña and Ourense and by Alvia S-730 (Patito, max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) train-sets connecting Galicia with other Spanish regions. The line will be connected at Santiago de Compostela with the Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line, which as of 2015 is under construction.

North corridor


The Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line connects Madrid with León passing the cities of Segovia, Valladolid and Palencia. The line supports the longest railway tunnel in Spain at 28 km in length and is served by up to two S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains per day with the fastest schedule lasting 2 hours and 6 minutes. Other trainsets used on the Madrid–Leon line include S-120 (max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) and S-130 (Patito, max speed 250 km/h (155 mph)) for the Alvia services.

North-eastern corridor


Madrid–Barcelona high-speed railway line connects Madrid with Barcelona in the north east of Spain passing through the cities of Guadalajara, Calatayud, Zaragoza (Saragossa), Lleida (Lérida) and Tarragona where the future Tarragona–Valencia high-speed railway line will connect. The line has a length of 621 km and a travel time of two and a half hours for the direct trains using the route avoiding entering Zaragoza (Saragossa) and Lleida (Lérida). The line is served by S-103 (max speed 350 km/h or 217 mph) trains. Seventeen trains run now every day between 6:00 and 21:00 hrs. Direct trains Barcelona–Seville and Barcelona–Malaga that do not make a stop in Madrid are also scheduled combining the Madrid–Barcelona line with one of the southern corridor's existing lines. S-112 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains are used for these services and cover these distances in less than 6 hours.

Barcelona–Perpignan (France)

The international high-speed section across the border, PerpignanFigueres (44.4 km), of the Perpignan–Barcelona high-speed rail line opened in December 2010. Since then, French TGV trains operate from Paris. The Spanish high-speed section Barcelona–Figueres opened on January 7, 2013. [83] [84] Nine Spanish services initially serviced the line, with 8 being a through service to Madrid, which also connected with two French TGV services from Paris. Previously French TGV services connected Paris and Barcelona by means of a shuttle train on the standard Barcelona–Figueres line. [85] [86] [87] Direct Barcelona-Paris, Madrid-Marseille, Barcelona-Lyon and Barcelona-Toulouse high-speed trains between France and Spain started on December 15, 2013. [88]


The Zaragoza–Huesca section branches off from the Madrid–Barcelona line at Zaragoza and connects with the city of Huesca and serves the connection train station for regional trains in the town of Tardienta. The line first put in operation in 2005 and is served by up to two S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains per day with the fastest train journey between the two cities lasting 2 hours and 5 minutes.

Eastern corridor


The Madrid–Castellón line connects the city of Castellón with the city of Madrid passing through the cities of Cuenca, Requena-Utiel and Valencia. The section It is serviced by S-112 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains, assembled by the Talgo-Bombardier consortium. Direct trains to Valencia cover the 391 km in 98 minutes while thirty trains run every day between 05:00 and 21:00, fifteen in each direction. For the service Madrid–Castellón AVE trains cover the distance in 2 hours and 25 minutes and 4 trains per day are scheduled, two in each direction.[ citation needed ] The line is part of the Madrid–Levante network (see below). Direct trains Valencia–Seville that do not make a stop in Madrid are also scheduled combining the existing lines of Madrid–Castellón and Madrid-Seville. S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains are used for this service and cover the whole distance in 3 hours and 50 minutes.


A 350 km/h line branches off from the Madrid–Castellón Line and connects the city of Alicante with the city of Madrid passing through the cities of Cuenca, Albacete and Villena. [89] It is part of the Madrid–Levante HSR network and is serviced by S-112 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) trains that cover the distance in up to 2 hours and 12 minutes. Direct trains Toledo–Albacete were also scheduled in the past, combining four of the existing lines, but this service was eventually terminated due to low demand.

South corridor


The Madrid–Seville high-speed railway line connects Madrid with Seville in the south of Spain, passing through the cities of Ciudad Real, Puertollano and Córdoba, where the Madrid–Málaga high-speed rail line branches off towards Málaga just outside Los Mochos near Almodóvar del Río. The route travels across the plains of Castile, travelling through the Sierra Morena mountains just before reaching Córdoba, before going onward towards Seville through the largely flat land surrounding the Guadalquivir river. The Madrid–Seville line was the first dedicated passenger high-speed rail line to be built in Spain and was completed in time for Seville's Expo 92. With a length of 472 km, the fastest train journey between the two cities takes 2 hours and 20 minutes. The line is served by S-100 (max speed 300 km/h or 186 mph) trains. The extension section of the Madrid-Seville high-speed rail line to Cádiz is served by Alvia trains that connect the city of Cádiz to Madrid and reach speeds up to 200 km/h in this section. [90]


The Córdoba–Málaga high-speed rail line connects the city of Málaga with the city of Madrid as a branch from the Madrid–Seville line. The line shares a common section with the Madrid–Seville high-speed rail line up to the city of Córdoba and then includes a 155 km long spur line up to the city of Málaga. It is served by S-102 (Pato, max speed 330 km/h or 205 mph) and S-103 (max speed 350 km/h or 217 mph) trains and the fastest train journey between the two cities takes 2 hours and 20 minutes. Apart from the traffic to and from the city of Málaga, the line also handles the traffic to the cities of Granada and Algeciras. In the future, the line will also support the traffic between Madrid and the Costa del Sol high-speed rail line.


The Madrid–Toledo high-speed rail line branches off from the Seville and Málaga routes around the depot at La Sagra. The Avant service between the two cities offers journey times of half an hour on trains with a maximum speed of 250 km/h.

Dedicated high-speed line (under construction)

LineConnected citiesExpected
North-western corridor
HSR Madrid–Galicia Zamora · Ourense 2019
North corridor
HSR Madrid–Asturias León · La Robla
La Robla · Pola de Lena After 2020
Pola de Lena · Oviedo · Gijón
HSR Madrid–Basque Country Venta de Baños · Burgos 2019
Burgos · Miranda de Ebro · Vitoria 2023 [91]
Basque Y Vitoria · Bilbao · San Sebastián · Irún · French border 2023
Eastern corridor
HSR Madrid–Levante Alicante · Murcia · Cartagena 2020
Southern corridor
HSR Andalusian Transverse Axis Antequera · Granada 2019
Antequera · Sevilla 2020
HSR Madrid–Jaén Mora · Alcázar de San Juan
Alcázar de San Juan · Manzanares
Linares · Casas de Torrubia
Grañena · Jaén 2018 [92]
Mediterranean corridor
HSR Catalonia–Andalusia Tarragona · Vandellós 2019
Valencia · Murcia 2019
Murcia · Almería 2023
South-western corridor
HSR Madrid–Extremadura Plasencia · Badajoz 2020
Madrid · Plasencia 2023 [93]

Madrid interconnector

Map of the planned high-speed rail network (newly built and upgraded lines). HighSpeedSpain.svg
Map of the planned high-speed rail network (newly built and upgraded lines).

A new interconnecting tunnel is planned between Madrid Atocha and Madrid Chamartín stations. Currently, trains going to Valladolid leave from Chamartín and trains going to Seville, Málaga and Barcelona leave from Atocha station. Also, there is a single daily service in each direction running along the Barcelona–Seville and Barcelona–Málaga routes, which uses the high-speed bypass around Madrid to avoid reversing the direction of train in Atocha station. The tunnel will allow services serving northern cities to travel non-stop or with a stop through Madrid and onward to southern cities (or vice versa), without the driver having to change ends or bypass Madrid, a valuable source of passengers: currently, someone wanting to travel from Valladolid to Málaga, for instance, must travel from Valladolid Campo Grande station to Madrid Chamartín station before taking a Cercanías service to Atocha; then finally taking an onward train to Málaga.

On April 24, 2010, tunnelling started on the 7.3 km route connecting Atocha and Chamartin. [94] The tunnel itself is now complete, and the tracks are in place. The electric line is currently being installed, with these works expected to be completed in early 2018, and service started within the same year. [95]

North-western corridor


The Madrid–Galicia high-speed rail line will connect the city of Madrid with the region of Galicia and the Atlantic Axis high-speed rail line in the North West of Spain via Santiago de Compostela. The line will include a new 424 km long high-speed railway section that starts at Olmedo 130 km to the north of Madrid on the Madrid–Leon high-speed rail line and ends at Santiago de Compostela. Construction on the northernmost part of this section between the cities of Ourense and Santiago de Compostela began late 2004 and this part was inaugurated in December 2011. The southern part between Olmedo and Zamora entered revenue service on December 17, 2015. [79] Constructions on the central part, which crosses some of Spain's most remote and fragile nature areas, are expected be completed in 2019. The line is currently served by Alvia trains. [96]

North corridor


Madrid–Asturias high-speed railway is the line connecting Madrid to the region of Asturias in the north of Spain. The new under construction section branches off the Valladolid–Vitoria high-speed section at Venta de Baños: 205 km north of Madrid and then reaches the cities of Oviedo and Gijón via Palencia and León. [97] This section includes the 24,7 km long Pajares Base Tunnel (Variante de Pajares) which runs under a very mountainous area between the Province of León and the Principality of Asturias. [98] Construction started in 2009 (except variante de pajares which started 2003) and reached León in September 2015 and expected to reach Oviedo and Gijón after 2020. [99]


The extension of the Madrid–Valladolid section towards the Basque Country began construction in 2009. This 223.4 kilometres (138.8 mi) railway line will run parallel to the 244.8 kilometres (152.1 mi) long existing railway line. Originally it was to be used as a mixed-use high-speed railway line, but it has since been changed to a passenger-dedicated railway line, leaving the existing railway line for freight trains. The line was forecast to open the ValladolidBurgos part around 2013 and the Burgos–Vitoria-Gasteiz part in 2014 or 2015. However, due to delays the line is not expected to open before 2023, although the Valladolid–Burgos section is expected to enter full revenue service in 2019. At Vitoria it will be connected to the Basque high-speed railway line (Basque Y), thus reaching the French border. Once opened, the travel time between Valladolid and Vitoria will be around an hour.

Basque Y

The Basque high-speed railway line (Basque Y) will connect the three Basque capitals, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Bilbao and San Sebastián. Construction began in October 2006 and the line was forecast to open in 2016. However, due to delays in construction, the line is expected to put in service in 2023 according to the new estimations. The three Basque capitals will be further connected with Madrid via Valladolid, and with the French border via Irun and Bayonne.

North-eastern corridor

Tunnel Sants–La Sagrera

The Sants–La Sagrera tunnel links the Sants station in Barcelona through the Eixample with the future La Sagrera station. The tunnel passes under the streets of Provença and Mallorca, using a short part of the Diagonal to link between these streets. In the Carrer de Mallorca, the tunnel passes directly in front of Gaudí's masterpiece, the basilica of the Sagrada Família, and in the Carrer de Provença, another Gaudí work, the Casa Milà. In a long campaign against this route, the Board of the Sagrada Família and other parties argued that the tunnel would damage the church, whose construction is still in progress. In this discussion about different routes, the one now built is also called the Provença tunnel because part of its route passes under this street.

The tunnel boring machine Barcino passed the Sagrada Família in October 2010, and reached its final destination a few months later. Rail traffic is planned to start in 2012, initially without stops at the La Sagrera station, which is expected to be completed in 2016.

In March 2012, railway equipment was installed, with a special elastic isolation of the rails to dampen vibrations at the sections passing close to Gaudí's architectural works, using the Edilon system. [102] [103]

Eastern corridor


This is an under construction section, part of the Madrid–Levante network of high-speed railways connecting the capital with the Mediterranean coast. Consisting of 955 kilometres (593 mi) of railways with an estimated cost of 12.5 billion euros, it is the most expensive high-speed railway project in Spain. The network will consist of both dedicated passenger high-speed railways designed for trains running above 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph) and high-speed railways shared with freight trains. [104] The network is to be opened in stages, starting with the MadridValencia/Albacete section, which was opened in December 2010, [105] [106] followed by Albacete–Alicante in June 2013, [107] Valencia–Castellón in January 2018, [108] while Valencia–Alicante is expected to follow in 2019 and finally reaching the city of Murcia by 2020 with a branch line to Cartagena.

South corridor


The southern Andalusian transverse high-speed railway line is a 503.7-kilometre railway running between the cities of Huelva and Almería, passing the cities of Seville and Granada. The line is designed for speeds up to 250 kilometres per hour, except for the 130-kilometre Antequera–Granada and the 103-kilometre Seville–Huelva parts of the line, which are designed for speeds in excess of 300 kilometres per hour. A connection between Huelva and the Portuguese border is being studied.[ citation needed ] When finished the journey between Huelva and Almería in the new line is estimated to last 3 hours and 35 minutes. [110] The first section of the line between Antequera and Granada is expected to put in service by summer 2019 connecting the city of Granada to the rest of the high speed network via the Madrid–Málaga high-speed rail line. The section between Seville and Antequera is expected to be completed in 2020.


This high-speed railway line will be part passenger-dedicated high-speed railway (Madrid–Alcázar de San Juan) and part shared with freight trains (Alcázar de San Juan–Jaén). The first 99 km of the line will use the already existing Madrid-Seville high-speed railway line. From there, a 67.5 km branch line will be constructed towards Alcázar de San Juan.

From Alcázar de San Juan the existing railway line will be upgraded to allow passenger trains to run up to 250 km/h; a new double-tracked route through the Despeñaperros mountain range will be built to replace the existing single-tracked route. This part of the high-speed railway also forms part of the Madrid–Algeciras freight corridor. An extension of the line to Granada is being investigated; however, the complicated terrain between Jaén and Granada might make it uneconomical.

Mediterranean corridor


The high-speed Barcelona-Figueres section (from Barcelona to the French border) was inaugurated in January 2013. [111] The journey from the centre of Barcelona to the centre of Girona takes now 37 minutes (compared to the hour and a half it took), and to Figueres in 53 minutes (instead of two hours). Girona and Figueres will be 14 minutes from each other. The Perpignan (France)–Figueres section opened in 2010. One lacking high-speed section on the French side, between Montpellier and Nîmes, is scheduled to open in July 2018, allowing almost continuous high-speed travel from the French high-speed network to the Spanish one. [112] The French government, on the other hand, recently announced indefinite delays to the Montpellier–Perpignan high-speed section that was originally planned for 2020. The section linking Tarragona to Almería via Valencia and Murcia is expected to be completed by 2023. The final section between Almería and Algeciras, passing through Málaga, will be built at a later point of time; an alternative and longer route looks likely. [113]

South-western corridor


This line was initially planned as Lisbon–Madrid high-speed rail line to connect the two peninsular capitals, Madrid and Lisbon in 2 hours and 45 minutes. [114] [115] This line had been a key issue in bilateral summits in recent years and was about to link Spain's high-speed rail network with the planned High-speed rail in Portugal, a project announced by the Portuguese government in February 2009. Construction on the Spanish side began in late 2008 on a segment between the cities of Badajoz and Mérida. Both Spanish and Portuguese track were to be completed around 2013, later the Portuguese government brought forward its plans from 2015 but the Portuguese froze works in June 2011 and eventually cancelled the project in March 2012. [116] [117] [118] In 2016 the European Union's European Regional Development Fund, gave Spain €205.1m towards the €312.1m needed for the track between Navalmoral de la Mata and Mérida, Spain. [119] The section on the Spanish side between Madrid and Badajoz is expected to be completed in 2023.

With a length of 439 km on the Spanish side, of which 48 km are part of the already built Madrid–Seville high-speed rail line, it will connect cities like Talavera de la Reina, Navalmoral de la Mata, Plasencia, Cáceres, Mérida and Badajoz. [114] The Almonte River Viaduct was completed in May 2016 to carry this line. It is a concrete arch bridge with a span of 384 meters (1,260 feet), ranking among the longest in the world of this type of bridge. [120] [121]

With a length of 200 km on the Portuguese side, of which 100 km are in service (Intercity trains run at 200 km/h in the upgraded single track), work is underway to close the missing gap between Evora-Badajoz.

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedUpgradedLengthNotes
Barcelona-Alicante rail line Barcelona-Sants–Alicante220 km/h (140 mph)1997523 km (325 mi)Only some sections are for high-speed trains. Some of them converted in 1997, additional dedicated in parallel is partially opened in 2018
Madrid-Valencia rail line Madrid-AtochaValencia-Nord 220 km/h (140 mph)1999301 km (187 mi)Since 2010 not in use for high-speed trains
La Coruña-Santiago de Compostela250 km/h (160 mph)201174.5 km (46.3 mi)
Alcázar de San Juan–Cádiz railway 200 km/h (120 mph)2015153 km (95 mi)
Albacete–La Encina300 km/h (190 mph)2011-201390 km (56 mi)Converted to standard gauge, then upgraded from 200 km/h to 300 km/h
Valencia–Calafat220 km/h (140 mph)2004219 km (136 mi)
Mérida-Badajos (Portuguese border)200 km/h (120 mph)200460 km (37 mi)



Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Bothnia Line NylandUmeå 250 km/h (160 mph) [122] (no trains are designed and permitted to operate above 200 km/h)2010185 km (115 mi)
North Bothnia Line UmeåLuleå 250 km/h (160 mph)2028270 km (170 mi)
Götalandsbanan Linköping CGöteborg C 320 km/h (200 mph)2024–2030 (construction of the first section to be started in spring, 2018 as claimed in 2016; likely to be postponed)440 km (270 mi)
East Link Project LinköpingSödertälje 250 km/h (160 mph)(cut from 320 to 250)2033–2036 (construction of the first section to be started in 2017 as claimed; likely to be postponed)160 km (99 mi)

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedUpgradeOpeningLength
Ådalen Line Sundsvall Central–Västeraspby140–200 km/h1990-202930 km (high-speed part of Bothnia Line); 184 (total)
Southern Main Line Katrineholm–Malmö200 km/h1995-2024336 km (high-speed); 16.4 km (under upgrading); 480 (total)
Western Main Line Stockholm–Göteborg200 km/h1989-1995312 km (high-speed); 455 km (total)
Göteborg–Malmö200 km/h1985-2024172 km (high-speed); 230 km (total)
Eskilstuna–Södertälje200 km/h1997 *80 km
Jakobsberg–Västerås (Mälaren Line)200 km/h (now); 250 km/h (soon)2001 *90 km
Örebro–Kolbäck (Mälaren Line)200 km/hbefore 203645 km (upgraded now); 35 km (to be upgraded before 2036)
East Coast Line (Stockholm-Arlanda-Uppsala)200 km/h1999190356 km (of which 19 km is new airport branch)
East Coast Line (Gävle–Enånger)200 km/h1999 *40 km (high-speed); 105 km (full)
East Coast Line (Uppsala–Gävle)200 km/h201782.5 km; (high-speed) 110 km; (full)
East Coast Line (Hudiksvall–Sundsvall )200 km/h2030-204050 km
Norway/Vänern Line Göteborg CÖxnered 200 km/h2012 *187982 km (high-speed); 79.1;km (to be upgraded); 300 km (total)
Northern Main Line GävleÅnge 200 km/h187922 km (high-speed); 268 km (total)
Värmland Line LaxåKarlstad 200 km/h187146 km (high-speed); 208 km (total)
Coast-to-Coast Line EmmabodaKalmar; EmmabodaKarlskrona 200 km/h19941874-190224.5 km (high-speed); 410 km (total)

There are plans to upgrade some lines to 250 km/h when the ERTMS signalling system is introduced in 2025–2030.


Rail 2000 high-speed lines

Lötschberg Base Tunnel 250 km/h34.57 kmJune 14, 2007
Ceneri Base Tunnel 250 km/h15.4 kmSeptember 2020
Jura Foot Railway 200 km/h104.5 km2025–2030
Simplon Railway 200 km/h191.41 km2025–2030
Solothurn–Wanzwil railway 200 km/h6.3 km (high-speed); 10.9 km (full)2004

Other projects

LineSpeedLengthOpening Date
Lausanne–Geneva railway 200 km/h66.18 km2025–2030


Dedicated high-speed line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Taiwan HSR BanqiaoZuoying 300 km/h (190 mph)2007-01-05332.1 km (206.4 mi)
TaipeiBanqiao ~130 km/h (81 mph)2007-03-017.2 km (4.5 mi)
NangangTaipei ~130 km/h (81 mph)2016-07-019.2 km (5.7 mi)
Nangang-Yilan 300 km/h (190 mph)203054.6 km (33.9 mi)
Zuoying-Pingtung 300 km/h (190 mph)before 202918 km (11 mi)


Dedicated high-speed line

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Northern HSRBangkok–Phitsanulok300 km/h (190 mph) or more2024 (EIS)384 km
Phitsanulok–Chiang Mai300 km/h (190 mph)2030 (under planning)285 km
Northeastern HSR Bangkok–Nakhon Ratchasima250 km/h (160 mph)2023 (under construction)250 km
Nakhon Ratchasima–Nong Khai250 km/h (160 mph)2025 (planned)380 km
Southern HSRBangkok–Hua Hin300 km/h (190 mph)2023+ (likely to be postponed)211 km
Hua Hin–Surat Thani300 km/h (190 mph)2029771 km
Surat Thani-Padang Besar300 km/h (190 mph)2029771 km
Eastern HSR Bangkok–U-Tapao250 km/h (160 mph)2024 (under construction)260 km
U-Tapao–Trat250 km/h (160 mph)2028 (planned)190 km


Dedicated high-speed lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Ankara–Istanbul high-speed railway Ankara CentralSincan 140 km/h (87 mph)2018-04-1224 km (15 mi)
SincanPolatlı 250 km/h (160 mph)2009-03-1369 km (43 mi)
PolatlıEskisehir Central 2009-03-13152 km (94 mi)
Eskisehir CentralKöseköy 2014-07-25188 km (117 mi)
KöseköyGebze 160 km/h (99 mph)2014-07-2556 km (35 mi)
GebzePendik 100 km/h (62 mph)2014-07-2520 km (12 mi)
PendikHaydarpaşa Terminal 100 km/h (62 mph) Connection to Haydarpaşa under reconstruction201924 km (15 mi)
PendikHalkalı 100 km/h (62 mph)201960 km (37 mi)
Ankara–Konya high-speed railway PolatlıKonya 300 km/h (190 mph)2011-08-23212 km (132 mi)
Ankara–Sivas high-speed railway Ankara CentralKayaş 140 km/h (87 mph)2018-04-1212 km (7.5 mi)
KayaşKırıkkale 250 km/h (160 mph)2021 (projected)62 km (39 mi)
KırıkkaleYerköy 2020 (projected)79 km (49 mi)
YerköySivas 2021 (projected)253 km (157 mi)
Ankara-İzmir high-speed railway PolatlıAfyon 250 km/h (160 mph)2023 (projected)152 km (94 mi)
AfyonBanaz 80 km (50 mi)
BanazEşme 97 km (60 mi)
EşmeSalihli 74 km (46 mi)
SalihliManisa 62 km (39 mi)
ManisaMenemen 43 km (27 mi)

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Konya–Mersin/Adana railway KonyaKaraman 200 km/h (120 mph)2020 (projected)102 km (63 mi)
KaramanUlukışla 200 km/h (120 mph)2022 (projected)135 km (84 mi)
UlukışlaYenice 200 km/h (120 mph)Tender phase, 2025 (projected)110 km (68 mi)
MersinYeniceAdana 200 km/h (120 mph)2022 (projected)76 km (47 mi)
Istanbul–Kapıkule railway HalkalıÇerkezköy 200 km/h (120 mph)Tender phase76 km (47 mi)
ÇerkezköyKapıkule 200 km/h (120 mph)Under construction153 km (95 mi)

United Kingdom

Dedicated high-speed lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
High Speed 1 Channel TunnelFawkham Junction via Ashford International (Section 1)300 km/h
(186 mph)
2003-09-2874 km (46 mi)
Fawkham JunctionLondon St Pancras International via Ebbsfleet International and Stratford International (Section 2)300 km/h
(186 mph)
2007-11-1439 km (24 mi)
High Speed 2 London Euston-Birmingham Curzon Street/Rugeley Trent Valley (Handsacre Junction)/Crewe via Birmingham Interchange (Phase 1)360 km/h
(225 mph) [123]
2031 (Under construction [124] )230 km
Birmingham Interchange-Crewe (Phase 2a)

Note: Now merged with Phase 1

360 km/h
(225 mph)
2033 (Under construction [124] )90 km (56 mi)
CreweManchester Piccadilly and Birmingham InterchangeLeeds City/York (Ulleskelf Junction) (Phase 2b)360 km/h
(225 mph)
2040 (Planned [124] )300 km (190 mi)
High Speed 3/Northern Powerhouse Rail/Crossrail for the North Liverpool Lime Street-Manchester Interchange via Warrington Bank Quay and via the High Speed 2 section between Manchester Interchange and Manchester Piccadilly 225/360 km/h
(140 mph)/(225 mph)
2040+ (Planned)~50 km (31 mi)
Manchester Piccadilly-Leeds via Bradford Interchange.225 km/h
(140 mph)
Planned~60 km (37 mi)

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningElectrificationLengthNotes
East Coast Main Line King's CrossEdinburgh Waverley 201 km/h (125 mph)
225 km/h (140 mph) (in cases of delay; to be applied after ERTMS re-signalling)
18501980s632 km (393 mi); 608.4 km (378.0 mi) [125] The fastest non-dedicated line in the UK. During electrification in the 1980s was claimed as the longest construction site in the world. Speeds up to 125 mph were achieved in the 1930s.
Great Western Main Line London PaddingtonBristol Temple Meads 201 km/h (125 mph) (now)
225 km/h (140 mph) (soon)
1840incomplete, still ongoing190.2 km (118.2 mi)
Reading–Taunton line ReadingTaunton 180 km/h (110 mph) (now)
201 km/h (125 mph) (proposed)
1840Proposed173.21 km (107.63 mi)Proposed by period 2023-2043
Bristol–Exeter line Bristol Temple MeadsExeter St Davids 180 km/h (110 mph) (now)
201 km/h (125 mph) (proposed)
1841-1842Proposed121.36 km (75.41 mi)Proposed by period 2023-2043
South Wales Main Line SwindonSevern Tunnel-Swansea 201 km/h (125 mph) (Swindon-Coalpit Heath)
160 km/h (99 mph) (the rest)
18502012-2019~41.6 km (25.8 mi) (upgraded); 133 km (83 mi) (full)
Midland Main Line St PancrasSheffield 201 km/h (125 mph)1870ongoing; high-speed trains are with diesel265 km (165 mi)
179 km (111 mi) (high-speed section)
110 mph; 125 mph ready
West Coast Main Line London EustonGlasgow Central (mainline itself)201 km/h (125 mph) [126] 18691960s–1970s645 km (401 mi); 590.5 km (366.9 mi) [127] failed to be upgraded to 225 km/h (140 mph)
Rugby–Coventry 18521960s–1970s~16 km (9.9 mi)
Wolverhampton-Stafford 18521960s–1970s~22 km (14 mi)
Cross Country Route YorkBristol Temple Meads 201 km/h (125 mph)1879incomplete>170 km (110 mi)(high-speed)Leeds-York and Birmingham-Weakfield (partially using Midland Main Line) sections are high-speed
South West Main Line London WaterlooSouthampton 160 km/h (99 mph) (now)
200 km/h (120 mph) (after upgrades)
1839-18401930s239.8 km (149.0 mi)Proposed by period 2023-2043 [128]
Midlands engine rail NottinghamLeicester 201 km/h (125 mph)18702013(Is already completed, see Midland Main Line)(See Midland Main Line above)
Coventry–Nuneaton-Leicester lines160 km/h (99 mph) (now); upgradable1869(proposed)40 km (25 mi)Proposed to upgrades
Crewe–Derby line 110 km/h (68 mph) (now); upgradable1848(proposed)83 km (52 mi)Proposed to upgrades
Welsh Marches line 140 km/h (87 mph) (now); upgradable1849(proposed)225 km (140 mi)Proposed to upgrades
Worcester to Bristol160 km/h (99 mph)1879No(see Cross Country Rail above)

United States

Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedUpgradedLength
Northeast Corridor ProvidenceBoston South 150 mph (240 km/h)200054.6 km (33.9 mi)
TrentonNew Brunswick 120 mph (190 km/h); 160 mph (260 km/h) (2021+); 186 mph (299 km/h) (planned)202039 km (24 mi)
New Jersey and Philadelphia 120 mph (190 km/h); 160 mph (260 km/h) (2021+) [129] 199986 km (53 mi)
High-speed Northeast Corridor 125 mph (201 km/h)1960221.4 km (137.6 mi)
Northeast Corridor Line 110 mph (180 km/h)2000373 km (232 mi)
Keystone Corridor PhiladelphiaHarrisburg 110 mph (180 km/h);125 mph (201 km/h) (soon)2006168.3 km (104.6 mi)

Dedicated high-speed lines

The United States has no dedicated high speed rail lines–the following are either under construction or planned.

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedPlanned openingLengthStatus
California High-Speed Rail
(Phase 1)
San FranciscoLos Angeles 220 mph (350 km/h)2029 (central valley, under construction)
2033 (total) [130]
275 km (171 mi) (central leg)
840 km (520 mi) (total)
Under Construction
California High-Speed Rail
(Phase 2)
MercedSacramento 2030+180 km (110 mi)Planned
Los AngelesSan Diego 2030+280 km (170 mi)
New Northeast Corridor New YorkWashington, D.C. 225 mph (362 km/h)2030 (estimate)[ citation needed ]385 km (239 mi)Planned
New YorkBoston 2040 (2010 forecast, does not figure 2017-2021 proposals)320 km (200 mi)Proposed and insisted, being later included in North Atlantic Rail initiative
Several cities on a New-York - Boston axisyet unknownno earlier than New YorkBoston dedicated line630 km (390 mi) (approx)
Texas Central Railway DallasHouston 205 mph (330 km/h)2026 (building contracts signed)390 km (240 mi)Under Construction
Brightline West VictorvilleLas Vegas 200 mph (320 km/h)2024 (building contracts signed)270 km (170 mi)Under Construction
Cascadia High-Speed Rail Eugene-Vancouver 250 mph (400 km/h)2035 (to be granted) [131] 720 km (450 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 1Chicago-Milwaukee220 mph (350 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 150 km (93 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 2Atlanta-Charlotte150 mph (240 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 430 km (270 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 3Louisville-Nashville220 mph (350 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 260 km (160 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 4Denver-Albuquerque220 mph (350 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 450 km (280 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 5Chicago-St. Louis186 mph (299 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 434 km (270 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 6Tulsa-Oklahoma City160 mph (260 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 160 km (99 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 7Chicago-Detroit200 mph (320 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 460 km (290 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 8Nashville-Memphis220 mph (350 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 329 km (204 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 9Kansas City-St. Louis220 mph (350 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 390 km (240 mi)Proposed
second-tier corridor 9Chicago-Indianapolis220 mph (350 km/h)unknown (to be granted) [131] 263 km (163 mi)Proposed

Maglev Lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedPlanned openingLengthStatus
Northeast Maglev BaltimoreWashington, D.C. 314 mph (505 km/h)2028 (estimated)64 km (40 mi)Planned


Upgraded lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Tashkent–Samarkand high-speed rail line TashkentSamarkand 160–250 km/h (99–155 mph)Brand launch 2011-10-08 as higher speed rail;
full HSR operated since February 10, 2013
344 km (214 mi)
Samarkand–Bukhara high-speed rail line SamarkandBukhara 160–250 km/h (99–155 mph)August 25, 2016256 km (159 mi)

New Lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Namangan-Pap high-speed rail line NamanganPap 250 km/h (160 mph)2022+50 km (31 mi)

Planned Lines

Line nameStart and end pointsMaximum speedOpeningLength
Qarshi-Kitab high-speed rail line Qarshi-Kitab 160–250 km/h2025+124 kilometres (77 mi)
Bukhara-Urgench high-speed rail line Bukhara-Urgench 160–250 km/h2025+405 km
Urgench-Khiva high-speed rail line Urgench-Khiva 160–250 km/h2025+34 km

References and notes

  1. "This route is not yet planned and it represents the most feasible route for Diamond Quadrilateral high-speed rail line between these two metro cities.
  2. "The Mumbai–Chennai route is not planned yet. This route represents the most feasible route for Mumbai-Chennai section of Diamond Quadrilateral high-speed rail line. Although a section of this potential route between Chennai and Bengaluru has been planned to be operational by 2051.
  3. "This route is not planned yet and it represents the most feasible route for Delhi-Bengaluru section of Diamond Quadrilateral high-speed rail line. However, one section of this potential route between Hyderabad and Bengaluru is planned to be operational by 2041.
  4. "This route beyond Nagpur is not planned yet and it represents the most feasible route for Mumbai–Kolkata section of Diamond Quadrilateral high-speed rail line. However, the Mumbai–Nagpur section of this line is planned to be operational by 2051.
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