East Japan Railway Company

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East Japan Railway Company
Native name
東日本旅客鉄道株式会社
Romanized name
Higashi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudō kabushiki gaisha
lit. "East Japan Passenger Railway Share Company"
Type Public KK
Industry Rail transport
Predecessor Japanese National Railways (JNR)
Founded1 April 1987 (privatization of JNR)
Headquarters,
Japan
Area served
Kanto and Tōhoku regions
Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi and Shizuoka prefectures
Key people
Tetsuro Tomita (Chairman of the Board) [1]
Masaki Ogata (Vice Chairman of the Board) [1]
Yuji Fukasawa (President, Representative Director) [1]
Products Suica (a rechargeable contactless smart card)
Services Passenger railways [2]
freight services [2]
bus transportation [2]
other related services [2]
Revenue
  • Increase2.svg ¥2,867,200 million(FY 2016) [3]
  • Increase2.svg ¥2,756,165 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase2.svg ¥487,821 million(FY 2016) [3]
  • Increase2.svg¥427,522 million(FY 2015)
  • Increase2.svg ¥245,310 million(FY 2016) [3]
  • Decrease2.svg¥180,398 million(FY 2015)
Total assets
  • Increase2.svg ¥7,789,762 million(FY 2016) [3]
  • Increase2.svg¥7,605,690 million(FY 2015)
Total equity
  • Increase2.svg ¥2,442,129 million(FY 2016) [3]
  • Increase2.svg¥2,285,658 million(FY 2015)
Owner JTSB investment trusts (8.21%)
Mizuho Bank (4.07%)
TMTBJ investment trusts (3.97%)
MUFG Bank (2.75%)
Repurchased shares (2.67%)
(as of 30 September 2018)
Number of employees
73,017 (as of 31 March 2013) [1]
Divisions Railway operations [4]
Life-style business [4]
IT & Suica business [4]
Subsidiaries 83 companies, [5] [6]
including Tokyo Monorail and J-TREC
Website www.jreast.co.jp
Footnotes /references
[7] [8]
  East Japan Railway Company
JR East Shinkansen lineup at Niigata Depot 200910.jpg
Line up of JR East Shinkansen trains, October 2009
Operation
National railway Japan Railways Group
Infrastructure company Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency
Statistics
Ridership 6.169 billion per year [6]
Passenger km 130.5 billion per year [6]
System length
Total7,526.8 km (4,676.9 mi) [6]
Double track 3,668 km (2,279 mi) (49%) [6]
Electrified 5,512.7 km (3,425.4 mi) (73.2%) [6]
High-speed 1,052.9 km (654.2 mi) (14.0%) [6]
Track gauge
Main 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
High-speed 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification
Main1,500 V DC overhead catenary 2,680.3 km (1,665.5 mi) [6]
20 kV AC, 50 Hz1,779.5 km (1,105.7 mi) [6]
Conventional lines in Tohoku
Joban Line (Fujishiro-Iwanuma)
Mito Line
25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead 1,052.9 km (654.2 mi) [6]
Tohoku Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Joetsu Shinkansen (50 Hz)
Hokuriku Shinkansen (50/60 Hz)
Features
No. tunnels 1,263 [6]
Tunnel length882 km (548 mi) [6]
Longest tunnelThe Seikan Tunnel 53,850 m (176,670 ft)
Hokkaido Shinkansen [6]
No. bridges 14,865 [6]
Longest bridgeNo.1 Kitakami River Bridge 3,868 m (12,690 ft)
Tohoku Shinkansen [6]
No. stations 1,703 [2]
Map
Shinkansen lines
Conventional lines
Greater Tokyo Area Network Map
Suica and PASMO Network Map

The East Japan Railway Company (Japanese : 東日本旅客鉄道株式会社, Japanese pronunciation:  [Higashi-Nihon Ryokaku Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha]) is a major passenger railway company in Japan and is the largest of the seven Japan Railways Group companies. The company name is officially abbreviated as JR-EAST [9] or JR East in English, and as JR Higashi-Nihon (Japanese: JR東日本, Japanese pronunciation:  [Jeiāru Higashi-Nihon]) in Japanese. The company's headquarters are in Yoyogi, Shibuya, Tokyo, and next to the Shinjuku Station. [2] It is listed in the Tokyo Stock Exchange (it formerly had secondary listings in the Nagoya and Osaka stock exchanges), is a constituent of the TOPIX Core30 index, and is also one of the three only Japan Railways Group constituents of the Nikkei 225 index, the other being JR Central and JR West.

Contents

Commuter trains on the Yamanote Line in Tokyo JR East E235-0 Series No.13 Ebisu Sta.jpg
Commuter trains on the Yamanote Line in Tokyo
HB-E210 series hybrid DMU on Senseki-Tohoku Line JREast-HB-E212-6-20160728-134152.jpg
HB-E210 series hybrid DMU on Senseki-Tohoku Line
Special steam train on the Joetsu Line in Gunma Prefecture SL 20081207.jpg
Special steam train on the Jōetsu Line in Gunma Prefecture
Ticket machines in a station in Tokyo JREastTicketMachines.jpg
Ticket machines in a station in Tokyo
Smart card turnstile in Ikebukuro Station Ja JR Ikebukuro Sta. (North entrance).jpg
Smart card turnstile in Ikebukuro Station

History

JR East was incorporated on 1 April 1987 after being spun off from the government-run Japanese National Railways (JNR). The spin-off was nominally "privatization", as the company was actually a wholly owned subsidiary of the government-owned JNR Settlement Corporation for several years, and was not completely sold to the public until 2002.

Following the breakup, JR East ran the operations on former JNR lines in the Greater Tokyo Area, the Tōhoku region, and surrounding areas.

Lines

Railway lines of JR East primarily serve the Kanto and Tohoku regions, along with adjacent areas in Kōshin'etsu region (Niigata, Nagano, Yamanashi) and Shizuoka prefectures.

Shinkansen

JR East operates all of the Shinkansen, high-speed rail lines, north of Tokyo, except the Hokkaido Shinkansen, which is operated by JR Hokkaido.

The TokyoOsaka Tōkaidō Shinkansen is owned and operated by the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central), although it stops at several JR East stations.

Kanto regional lines

These lines have sections inside the Tokyo suburban area (Japanese: 東京近郊区間) designated by JR East. This does not necessarily mean that the lines are fully inside the Greater Tokyo Area.

Koshinetsu regional lines

Tohoku regional lines

Train services

Below is the full list of limited express (including Shinkansen) and express train services operated on JR East lines as of 2011.

Shinkansen

Limited express (daytime)

Limited express (overnight)

Express

All remaining express services operated on JR East tracks are overnight expresses train(Japanese: 夜行急行列車, Japanese pronunciation:  [Yakō kyūkō ressha] ).

Stations

During fiscal 2017, the busiest stations in the JR East network by average daily passenger count were: [11]

  1. Shinjuku Station (778,618)
  2. Ikebukuro Station (566,516)
  3. Tokyo Station (452,549)
  4. Yokohama Station (420,192)
  5. Shinagawa Station (378,566)
  6. Shibuya Station (370,669)
  7. Shimbashi Station (277,404)
  8. Omiya Station (255,147)
  9. Akihabara Station (250,251)
  10. Kita-Senju Station (217,838)

Subsidiaries

JR East headquarters (JRDong Ri Ben Ben She biru), located near Shinjuku Station in Tokyo JR-East-HQ-Building-00.jpg
JR East headquarters (JR東日本本社ビル), located near Shinjuku Station in Tokyo

Sponsorship

JR East co-sponsors the JEF United Chiba J-League football club [ citation needed ], which was formed by a merger between the JR East and Furukawa Electric company teams.

Environmental issues

JR East aims to reduce its carbon emissions by half, as measured over the period 1990–2030. This would be achieved by increasing the efficiency of trains and company-owned thermal power stations and by developing hybrid trains. [13]

Union issues

The Tokyo Metropolitan Police Department has stated that JR East's official union is a front for a revolutionary political organization called the Japan Revolutionary Communist League (Revolutionary Marxist Faction). An investigation of this is ongoing. [14]

East Japan Railway Culture Foundation

The East Japan Railway Culture Foundation is a non-profit organization established by JR East for the purpose of developing a "richer railway culture". [15] The Railway Museum in Saitama is operated by the foundation.

Bids outside Japan

JR East holds a 15% shareholding in West Midlands Trains with Abellio and Mitsui that commenced operating the West Midlands franchise in England in December 2017. [16] [17] The same consortium has also been listed to bid for the South Eastern franchise. [18] [19]

Related Research Articles

Tōkaidō Main Line Railway line in Japan

The Tōkaidō Main Line is a major Japanese railway line of the Japan Railways Group network, connecting Tokyo and Kōbe stations. It is 515.4 km (320.3 mi) long, not counting its many freight feeder lines around the major cities. The high-speed Tōkaidō Shinkansen largely parallels the line.

Ueno Station Major railway and metro station in Tokyo, Japan

Ueno Station is a major railway station in Tokyo's Taitō ward. It is the station used to reach the Ueno district and Ueno Park—which contains Tokyo National Museum, The National Museum of Western Art, Ueno Zoo, Tokyo University of the Arts and other famous cultural facilities. A major commuter hub, it is also the traditional terminus for long-distance trains from northern Japan, although with the extension of the Shinkansen lines to Tokyo Station this role has diminished in recent years. A similar extension of conventional lines extended Takasaki Line, Utsunomiya Line and Joban Line services to Tokyo Station via the Ueno-Tokyo Line in March 2015, using existing little-used tracks and a new viaduct; the Ueno-Tokyo Line connects these lines with the Tokaido Main Line, allowing through services to Shinagawa, Yokohama, Odawara and Atami stations.

Jōetsu Shinkansen

The Jōetsu Shinkansen (上越新幹線) is a high-speed shinkansen railway line connecting Tokyo and Niigata, Japan, via the Tōhoku Shinkansen, operated by the East Japan Railway Company. Despite its name, the line does not pass through the city of Joetsu or the historical Jōetsu region, which instead are served by the Hokuriku Shinkansen.

Tōhoku Main Line

The Tōhoku Main Line is a 575.7 km long railway line in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company. The line starts from Tokyo Station in Chiyoda, Tokyo and passes through such cities as Saitama, Utsunomiya, Fukushima, and Sendai, before reaching the end of the line in Morioka. The line originally extended to Aomori, but was truncated upon the extension of the Tōhoku Shinkansen beyond Morioka, which mostly parallels the Tōhoku Main Line. A portion of the Tōhoku Main Line is also shared with the Keihin–Tōhoku Line and the Saikyō Line.

Yokosuka Line

The Yokosuka Line is a railway line in Japan operated by the East Japan Railway Company.

Utsunomiya Line Railway line in Japan

The Utsunomiya Line(Japanese: 宇都宮線, Japanese pronunciation: [Utsunomiya-sen]) is the name given to a 163.5 kilometer section of the Tōhoku Main Line between Tokyo Station in Tokyo and Kuroiso Station in Nasushiobara, Tochigi, Japan. It is part of the East Japan Railway Company network.

Jōetsu Line Railway line in Japan

The Joetsu Line is a major railway line in Japan, owned by the East Japan Railway Company. It connects Takasaki Station in Gunma Prefecture with Miyauchi Station in Niigata Prefecture, linking the northwestern Kanto region and the Sea of Japan coast of the Chūbu region. The name refers to the old provinces of Kōzuke (野) and Echigo (後), which the line connects.

Ōmiya Station (Saitama) Major railway station in Saitama, Japan

Ōmiya Station is a passenger railway station located in Ōmiya-ku, Saitama, Japan. It is a major interchange station for the East Japan Railway Company, and is also operated by the private railway operator Tōbu Railway.

Takasaki Line Railway line in Japan

The Takasaki Line(Japanese: 高崎線, Japanese pronunciation: [Takasaki-sen]) is a Japanese railway line which connects Ōmiya Station in Saitama, Saitama Prefecture and Takasaki Station in Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture. It is owned and operated by the East Japan Railway Company.

Gala-Yuzawa Line

The Gala-Yuzawa Line is the unofficial name for a railway branch line in Yuzawa, Niigata, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company.

Saitama (city) Designated city in Kantō, Japan

Saitama is the capital and the most populous city of Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Its area incorporates the former cities of Urawa, Ōmiya, Yono and Iwatsuki. It is a city designated by government ordinance. Being in the Greater Tokyo Area and lying 15 to 30 kilometres north of central Tokyo, many of its residents commute into Tokyo. As of 1 February 2021, the city had an estimated population of 1,324,854, and a population density of 6,100 persons per km². Its total area is 217.43 square kilometres (83.95 sq mi).

Shinetsu Main Line Lines operated by the East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan

The Shinetsu Main Line is a railway line, consisting of three geographically separated sections, operated by the East Japan Railway Company in Japan. It was originally one continuous line connecting Takasaki and Niigata via Nagano. Since the opening and later extension of the Hokuriku Shinkansen, sections running in parallel have either been abandoned or transferred to third-sector railway companies.

Hokuhoku Line

The Hokuhoku Line is a Japanese railway line in Niigata Prefecture that runs from Muikamachi in Minamiuonuma City to Saigata in Jōetsu City. It is the sole railway line operated by Hokuetsu Express. Construction of the line first began in 1968 by the Japanese National Railways (JNR), and was initially referred to as the Hokuetsu-Kita Line. However, the construction of the line was plagued by numerous delays, and was finally completed as a third sector line on 23 March 1997, including the 10,472 m (6.5 mi) Akakura Tunnel, the longest on a non-JR line.

Echigo-Yuzawa Station Railway station in Yuzawa, Niigata Prefecture, Japan

Echigo-Yuzawa Station is a railway station operated by East Japan Railway Company, located in the resort town of Yuzawa in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. The station is located 199.2 kilometers from Tokyo.

Higashi-Ōmiya Station Railway station in Saitama, Japan

Higashi-Ōmiya Station is a passenger railway station on the Tōhoku Main Line located in Minuma-ku, Saitama, Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company.

Toki (train)

The Toki (とき) is a high-speed Shinkansen train service operated by East Japan Railway Company on the Joetsu Shinkansen in Japan.

211 series Japanese train type

The 211 series is a suburban electric multiple unit (EMU) train type introduced in 1985 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by East Japan Railway Company and Central Japan Railway Company and formerly also operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) in Japan.

Ueno–Tokyo Line JR East railway that runs in Tokyo, Japan

The Ueno–Tokyo Line, formerly known as the Tōhoku Through Line is a railway line in Tokyo, Japan, operated by the East Japan Railway Company, linking the Ueno Station and the Tokyo Station, extending the services of the Utsunomiya Line, the Takasaki Line, and the Joban Line southward and onto the Tokaido Main Line and vice versa. The project began on May 2008. The line opened with the 14 March 2015 timetable revision, with the project costing about JPY 40 billion.

<i>Hakutaka</i>

The Hakutaka (はくたか) is a high-speed shinkansen train service jointly operated by East Japan Railway Company and West Japan Railway Company between Tokyo and Kanazawa on the Hokuriku Shinkansen line in Japan. The shinkansen service was introduced on 14 March 2015, but the name was first used for a limited express service operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR) from 1965 until 1982, and later by JR West and Hokuetsu Express between 1997 and March 2015.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 East Japan Railway Company. "JR East 2013 Annual Business Report (Japanese)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 East Japan Railway Company. "JR East Corporate Data" . Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 East Japan Railway Company. "Financial Highlights - East Japan Railway Company and Subsidiaries" (PDF). Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  4. 1 2 3 East Japan Railway Company. "Organization" . Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  5. East Japan Railway Company. グループ会社一覧 (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 East Japan Railway Company. 会社要覧2008 (PDF) (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 June 2009.
  7. East Japan Railway Company. "Consolidated Results of Fiscal 2011 (Year Ended 31 March 2011)" (PDF). Retrieved 27 April 2011.
  8. East Japan Railway Company. "JR East 2012 Annual Report" (PDF). Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  9. East Japan Railway Company. "JR-EAST - East Japan Railway Company" . Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  10. Michael Lambe. "The Sunrise Seto & Sunrise Izumo – Overnight Sleeper Trains from Osaka to Tokyo" . Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  11. https://www.jreast.co.jp/passenger/index.html
  12. HighBeam [ dead link ]
  13. 'JR East Efforts to Prevent Global Warming' in Japan Railway & Transport Review No. 51 (pp. 22–27), Retrieved 2010-12-15
  14. Government of Japan. 第174回国会 430 革マル派によるJR総連及びJR東労組への浸透に関する質問主意書
  15. East Japan Railway Culture Foundation. "FOR A RICHER RAILWAY CULTURE". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 28 October 2007.
  16. More seats for rail passengers as nearly £1 billion is invested in Midlands services Department for Transport 10 August 2017
  17. West Midlands Trains announced as winning bidder for West Midlands franchise Abellio 10 August 2017
  18. West Coast Partnership and South Eastern rail franchise bidders Department for Transport 22 June 2017
  19. South Eastern franchise bidders announced Railway Gazette International 22 June 2017