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A pitch or a sports ground is an outdoor playing area for various sports. The term pitch is most commonly used in British English, while the comparable term in American and Canadian English is playing field or sports field.
For most sports the official term is field of play, although this is not regularly used by those outside refereeing/umpiring circles.[ citation needed ] The field of play generally includes out-of-bounds areas that a player is likely to enter while playing a match, such as the area beyond the touchlines in association football and rugby or the sidelines in American and Canadian football, or the "foul territory" in baseball.
The surface of a pitch is most commonly composed of sod (grass), but may also be artificial turf, sand, clay, gravel, concrete, or other materials. A playing field on ice may be referred to as a rink, for example an ice hockey rink, although rink may also refer to the entire building or, in the sport of curling, to either the building or a particular team.
In the sport of cricket, the cricket pitch refers not to the entire field of play, but to the section of the field on which batting and bowling take place in the centre of the field. The pitch is prepared differently from the rest of the field, to provide a harder surface for bowling.
A pitch is often a regulation space, as in an association football pitch.
The term level playing field is also used metaphorically to mean fairness in non-sporting human activities such as business where there are notional winners and losers.
Baseball field (or diamond)
Velodrome (Track Cycling)
|Badminton (singles)||Rectangular||13.40 m||17.40 m||5.18 m||8.18 m|
|Badminton (doubles)||Rectangular||13.40 m||17.40 m||6.10 m||9.10 m|
|Volleyball||Rectangular||18.00 m||24-31 m||9.00 m||15-19 m|
|Tennis (singles)||Rectangular||23.77 m||37.00 m||8.23 m||18.00 m|
|Tennis (doubles)||Rectangular||23.77 m||37.00 m||10.93 m||18.00 m|
|Swimming (short course)||Rectangular||25.00 m||-||20.00 m||-|
|Basketball (FIBA)||Rectangular||28.00 m||-||15.00 m||-|
|Basketball (NBA)||Rectangular||28.70 m||-||15.20 m||-|
|Futsal||Rectangular||38-42 m||-||20-25 m||-|
|Handball||Rectangular||40.00 m||-||20.00 m||-|
|Swimming (Olympic)||Rectangular||50.00 m||-||25.00 m||-|
|Box lacrosse||Rounded rectangular||55-61 m||-||24-28 m||-|
|Short track speed skating||Oval||60.00 m||-||30.00 m||-|
|Ice hockey (IIHF)||Rounded rectangular||61.00 m||-||30.00 m||-|
|Ice hockey (NHL)||Rounded rectangular||61.00 m||-||26.00 m||-|
|Track and field (indoor)||Oval||90.03 m||-||45.78 m||-|
|Field hockey||Rectangular||91.40 m||-||55.00 m||-|
|Indoor hockey||Rectangular||36-44 m||-||18-22 m||-|
|Field lacrosse||Rectangular||100.00 m||-||55.00 m||-|
|Bandy||Rectangular||100-110 m||-||60-65 m||-|
|Association football||Rectangular||100-110 m||-||64-75 m||-|
|American football||Rectangular||91.80 m||110.00 m||48.75 m||-|
|Indoor American football||Rounded rectangular||45.90 m||61.00 m||26.00 m||-|
|Rugby league||Rectangular||100.00 m||112-122 m||68.00 m||-|
|Rugby union||Rectangular||94-100 m||106-144 m||68-70 m||-|
|Canadian football||Rectangular||101.00 m||137.00 m||59.00 m||-|
|Baseball||Diamond||92-128 m||-||137-150 m||-|
|Baseball5||Square||21.00 m||-||21.00 m||-|
|Cricket||Oval||119-164 m||-||119-164 m||-|
|Indoor cricket||Rectangular||30.00 m||-||12.00 m||-|
|Australian rules football||Oval||135-185 m||-||110-155 m||-|
|Long track speed skating||Oval||178.00 m||-||66.00 m||-|
|Track and field (outdoor)||Oval||176.91 m||-||92.52 m||-|
|Ultimate||Rectangular||64.00 m||110.00 m||37.00 m||-|
Game Court is one of the names for a multi-sport athletic space, typically constructed outdoors, where such games as basketball, volleyball, paddle tennis and other racquet sports, and up to a dozen more games and activities can be played. They are usually smaller than a regulation tennis (120' x 60')or basketball (84'x50')court, although there is no set dimensions or size for a game court. The game-court concept was popularized by Sport Court in the 1970s, and some generic references are made to game courts as 'sport courts', although that is a trademark of Connor Sport Court International, LLC. Game courts are often found in residential backyards, giving families and children opportunities for healthy recreation close to home.
Game courts are usually constructed using a rectangular sub-base made from concrete or asphalt, then covered with an open-grid modular polypropylene (or similar) sports surface to improve safety. Most feature athletic equipment such as basketball goals, net systems for racquet sports, volleyball and badminton, lights for nighttime play, fencing or ball containment netting, hockey/soccer goals, lines or markings for various sports, and practice or training components can also be incorporated into the design.
The surface of a game court—as opposed to simply playing on concrete or asphalt—is designed for safe play and to reduce injury. Many people have started to use suspended athletic courts to cover old athletic courts like tennis courts and basketball courts. The surface should provide appropriate traction for various types of sports and activities, as well as shock or force reduction to minimize overuse and stress injuries.
Game courts are typically custom-designed to the interests of the family or organization, and are versatile in enabling a wide variety of sports to be played in a relatively small space. Some activities played on a game court are enjoyable modifications of other sports (such as short-court tennis) that allow for similar skills to be developed as the 'regulation' game, but on a reduced-scale court size. A typical game court of 50 by 30 feet (15.2 m × 9.1 m) might include a basketball key and 3-point line arranged around a hoop, overlaid by short-court tennis or pickleball lines (which can also be used for volleyball or badminton) along the longer dimension.
Game courts for private use will frequently be built with a high fence surrounding the surface to allow for containment of the ball used in play, and, if required, to prevent people from entering. Any of several materials have been used, including chain-link fencing, welded wire mesh fence, and fabric mesh or netting.
Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net. Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" and "doubles". Badminton is often played as a casual outdoor activity in a yard or on a beach; formal games are played on a rectangular indoor court. Points are scored by striking the shuttlecock with the racquet and landing it within the opposing side's half of the court.
Ball games, also ball sports, are any form of game or sport which feature a ball as part of play. These include games such as football, cricket, baseball, basketball, and American football. Such games have diverse rules and histories and are of mostly unrelated origins. Ball games can be defined in several broad types, and generally try to measure how well a player can hit a ball:
The Western Mustangs are the athletic teams that represent Western University in London, Ontario, Canada. The school's athletic program supports 26 varsity sports. Their mascot is a Mustang named J.W. and the school colours are purple and white. The university's varsity teams compete in the Ontario University Athletics conference and the national U Sports organization. Western University offers 21 varsity sports for men and 19 for women which compete in the OUA conference. The University also offers cheerleading, women's ringette, women's softball, table tennis and ultimate frisbee, which compete outside the OUA conference, in sport-specific conferences and divisions.
Street hockey is a variation of the sport of ice hockey where the game is played outdoors on foot, or with inline or roller skates using a ball or puck. Both ball and puck are typically designed to be played on non-ice surfaces. The object of the game is to score more goals than the opposing team by shooting the ball or puck into the opposing team's net. Street hockey in pickup form is generally played under the following guidelines since there are no "official rules" for local pickup hockey:
Sporting equipment, also called sporting goods, are the tools, materials, apparel, and gear used to compete in a sport and varies depending on the sport. The equipment ranges from balls, nets, and protective gear like helmets. Sporting equipment can be used as protective gear or a tool used to help the athletes play the sport. Over time, sporting equipment has evolved because sports have started to require more protective gear to prevent injuries. Sporting equipment may be found in any department store.
The William H. Kibbie-ASUI Activity Center is a multi-purpose indoor athletic stadium in the northwest United States, on the campus of the University of Idaho in Moscow, Idaho. It is the home of the Idaho Vandals and is used for intercollegiate competition in five sports: football, basketball, tennis, indoor track and field, and soccer.
Independence Park is a sports and cultural complex in Kingston, Jamaica built for the 1966 British Empire and Commonwealth Games. It houses a variety of sports facilities. A statue of Bob Marley marks the entrance to the site. The main sports venue at the complex is the National Stadium.
Cricket nets are used by batsmen and bowlers to practice their cricketing techniques. They consist of a cricket pitch enclosed by netting on either side, behind, and optionally above. The bowling end is left open.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to sports:
The LSU Tigers and Lady Tigers are the athletic teams representing Louisiana State University (LSU), a state university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. LSU competes in Division I of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) as a member of the Southeastern Conference (SEC). Based on winning percentage, the university's athletics program is consistently one of the best in the nation.
Padel is a racquet sport. It is different from the sport known in the US and Canada as paddle tennis.
Newport International Sports Village is a multi-sport complex located at Lliswerry in the South East of the city of Newport, South Wales. It is known locally as Spytty Park, the name coming from the original Spytty Fields on which it is built.
Bailing Sport Park is a multi-use sport venue located in Shilin District, Taipei, Taiwan. The park has been open since 1989. It resides along Shilin and Shezi shores of the Keelung River, with around 2,900 meters (9,500 ft) in length and 60–100 meters (200–330 ft) in width. Total surface area is around 280,000 m2.
Torball is a team sport for the blind and vision-impaired. With some similar structures in the rules in the 1980s, it is different to the Paralympic Games team sport of goalball.
A net sport is a sport where a net is a standard part of the game, especially where the net separates the opponents. The object of these games is to hit the ball or bird over the net back to the opponent. Play typically begins with one side serving the ball/bird by initially tossing or releasing it and then hitting it over the net. This then starts a rally, in which the sides alternate hitting the ball/bird over the net. Players then score points whenever the opponent fails to return the ball/bird back over the net. The criteria on what is considered a valid return varies between each sport.
The Southwest Baptist University Bearcats are the sports teams of Southwest Baptist University located in Bolivar, Missouri. They participate in the NCAA's Division II Great Lakes Valley Conference (GLVC). The Bearcats had competed in the Mid-America Intercollegiate Athletics Association (MIAA) since 1986. In 2014, the Bearcats as well as the Lincoln Blue Tigers began competing in the GLVC as a football member-only team.
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