Sunday's River Valley Local Municipality

Last updated

Sundays River Valley

Sondagsriviervallei
Sundays River Valley CoA.png
Seal
Map of the Eastern Cape with Sundays River Valley highlighted.svg
Location in the Eastern Cape
Coordinates: 33°25′S25°27′E / 33.417°S 25.450°E / -33.417; 25.450 Coordinates: 33°25′S25°27′E / 33.417°S 25.450°E / -33.417; 25.450
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
District Sarah Baartman
Seat Kirkwood
Wards 8
Government
[1]
  Type Municipal council
  MayorNombulelo Bixa (ANC)
  SpeakerSimphiwe Happyboy Rune (ANC)
Area
  Total5,994 km2 (2,314 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [2]
  Total54,504
  Density9.1/km2 (24/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[2]
   Black African 71.8%
   Coloured 21.4%
   Indian/Asian 0.2%
   White 5.9%
First languages (2011)
[2]
   Xhosa 64.3%
   Afrikaans 28.0%
   English 3.4%
  Other4.3%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Municipal codeEC106

Sundays River Valley Local Municipality (Afrikaans : Sondagsriviervallei Plaaslike Munisipaliteit) is a local municipality in Sarah Baartman District Municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa. It has a total population of nearly 70,000 people. This area is one of the key production areas for citrus in South Africa. It also encompasses the Addo Elephant National Park and other significant areas of nature conservation.

Contents

Main places

The 2001 census divided the municipality into the following main places: [3]

PlaceCodeArea (km2)PopulationMost spoken language
Addo Elephant National Park 20602 1.0890 Xhosa
Addo 20601 3.211,752 Afrikaans
Barsheba 20603 0.61517Xhosa
Bontrug 20604 2.336,806Xhosa
Enon 20605 0.40782Afrikaans
Kirkwood 20606 3.072,749Afrikaans
KwaZenzele 20607 3.623,733Xhosa
Nomathamsanqa 20608 1.539,266Xhosa
Paterson 20609 0.22671Afrikaans
Remainder of the municipality 20610 3,491.8315,218Xhosa

Politics

The municipal council consists of sixteen members elected by mixed-member proportional representation. Eight councillors are elected by first-past-the-post voting in eight wards, while the remaining eight are chosen from party lists so that the total number of party representatives is proportional to the number of votes received. In the election of 3 August 2016 the African National Congress (ANC) won a majority of eleven seats on the council. The following table shows the results of the election. [4] [5]

PartyVotesSeats
WardListTotal%WardListTotal
African National Congress 10,54010,47821,01871.47411
Democratic Alliance 3,1893,2066,39521.7134
Economic Freedom Fighters 7587271,4855.0011
Pan Africanist Congress 2432364791.6000
United Democratic Movement 076760.3000
Total14,73014,72329,453100.08816
Spoilt votes170183353

Geography and land use

The municipality derives its name from the 250 km (160 mi) long Sundays River, the fastest flowing river in South Africa. The river winds its way through the Zuurberg mountains and passes Kirkwood in the fertile Sundays River Valley; it empties into the Indian Ocean at Algoa Bay near Port Elizabeth.

To the north of Kirkwood lies the Rietberg mountain with the Uyepoort (Uye gateway) that provides passage to the Zuurberg mountains and the Greater Addo Elephant National Park. A panoramic view of Kirkwood and the orange groves is visible from The Lookout. The Lookout is also known as a site where large dinosaur fossils have been dug up by archeologists. The first complete dinosaur fossil to be found in South Africa, nicknamed "Kirky," was found not far from Kirkwood. [6]

The municipality comprises three regions with distinct characteristics: [7]

Demographics

The municipality's population (as of 2005) is 63% urban and 37% rural. 64% of the population are 34 years old or younger. Suggested unemployment rate figures range from 20% to 44%. In 2001, among persons older than 20 years, 5461 had had no schooling, 7642 had had some primary education, 2487 had completed primary school, another 6594 had had some secondary education, 2363 had finished Grade 12, and 827 had gone on to some higher level of schooling. [7]

Among individual residents, 41.63% earned no income in 2001; 45.74% earned R800 or less per month; 6.96% earned between R801 and R1600 per month; 5.71% earned over R1600 per month.

Approximately half of the municipality's households live on less than R800 (US $110) per month. [7]

Economy

The agricultural industry, centering mainly around citrus fruit, dairy and chicory farming, plays a major role in the economy and functioning of the region; it alone counts for 31.2% of the GGP and 47.7% of employment.

Approximately 25% of South Africa’s navel oranges and 50% of the country’s lemons are produced in the Sunday’s River Valley. The area exports million of cartons of navel oranges per year, earning more than R1 billion in foreign exchange for the country. Other agricultural products include vegetables, potatoes, maize, wheat, chicory, flowers and rye grass.

Ecotourism is another driving force of the local economy, thanks to the presence of vast unspoiled wilderness areas. Addo receives about 115 000 visitors each year, of which 50% are foreign, and this figure is on the increase. [7]

Related Research Articles

The protected areas of South Africa include national parks and marine protected areas managed by the national government, public nature reserves managed by provincial and local governments, and private nature reserves managed by private landowners. Most protected areas are intended for the conservation of flora and fauna. National parks are maintained by South African National Parks (SANParks). A number of national parks have been incorporated in transfrontier conservation areas.

Cayo District District of Belize

Cayo District is a district located in the west part of Belize. It is the first-most extensive, second-most populous and third-most densely populated of the six districts of Belize. The district's capital is the town of San Ignacio.

Hluhluwe–Imfolozi Park game reserve in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Hluhluwe–Imfolozi Park, formerly Hluhluwe–Umfolozi Game Reserve, is the oldest proclaimed nature reserve in Africa. It consists of 960 km² of hilly topography 280 kilometres (170 mi) north of Durban in central KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa and is known for its rich wildlife and conservation efforts. The park is the only state-run park in KwaZulu-Natal where each of the big five game animals can be found.

Addo Elephant National Park A diverse wildlife conservation park near Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Addo Elephant National Park is a diverse wildlife conservation park situated close to Port Elizabeth in South Africa and is one of the country's 20 national parks. It currently ranks third in size after Kruger National Park and the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park.

Maputaland coastal forest mosaic

The Maputaland coastal forest mosaic is an ecoregion of the subtropical moist broadleaf forests Biome, on the Indian Ocean coast of Southern Africa. It covers an area of 30,200 square kilometres (11,700 sq mi) in southern Mozambique, Swaziland, and the KwaZulu-Natal Province of South Africa. Mozambique's capital Maputo lies within the ecoregion.

Alexandria, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Alexandria is a small farming town in the Eastern Cape of South Africa and is situated 100 km North East of Port Elizabeth on the way to Bushman's River Mouth, Kenton-on-Sea and Port Alfred. Alexandria is part of the Ndlambe Local Municipality in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape.

Sundays River river in South Africa

The Sundays River or Nukakamma is a river in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It is said to be the fastest flowing river in the country. The Khoisan people originally named this river Nukakamma because the river's banks are always green and grassy despite the arid terrain that it runs through.

Kirkwood, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Kirkwood is a town in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. It is situated on the banks of the Sundays River in the eponymously named Sundays River Valley, which forms part of the Sundays River Valley Municipality in the Sarah Baartman District Municipality of the Eastern Cape.

Orange (fruit) Citrus fruit

The orange is the fruit of the citrus species Citrus × sinensis in the family Rutaceae, native to China. It is also called sweet orange, to distinguish it from the related Citrus × aurantium, referred to as bitter orange. The sweet orange reproduces asexually ; varieties of sweet orange arise through mutations.

Timbavati Game Reserve

The Timbavati Game Reserve is located at the border line between Hoedspruit in (Limpopo) and Acornhoek in (Mpumalanga), north of the Sabi Sands Private Game Reserve on the western edge of Kruger National Park. Geographically and politically, Timbavati is located in Mpumalanga Province. In Xitsonga, the name 'Timbavati' means "the place where something sacred came down to Earth from the Heavens", and refers to the rare white lions of Timbavati.

The Addo Elephant Trail Run is a 25-, 50- and 100-mile event that takes place in and around the Addo Elephant National Park which is situated 75 kilometres (47 mi) north of the South African coastal city of Port Elizabeth.

The Sundays River Valley is a low-lying area along the Sundays River. It forms part of the Sunday's River Valley Local Municipality in Cacadu District Municipality, Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Eliza Tibbets California founder of the citrus industry

Eliza Tibbets was among early American settlers and founders of Riverside, California; she was an activist in Washington, D.C. for progressive social causes, including freedmen's rights and universal suffrage before going to the West Coast. A spiritualist, she led seances in Riverside. She became known for successfully growing the first two hybrid Washington navel orange trees in California.

Eastern Cape parks is a governmental organisation responsible for maintaining wilderness areas and public nature reserves in Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

Cannon Rocks Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Cannon Rocks is a small seaside town on the Indian Ocean in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa, between Boknes and the boundary of the Greater Addo Elephant Park. It is situated 135 km east of Port Elizabeth and 180 km west of East London approximately 15 minutes from the town of Kenton-on-Sea. Port Alfred is approximately 30 km to the East of Cannon Rocks. Cannon Rocks is part of the Ndlambe Local Municipality in the Sarah Baartman District of the Eastern Cape.

Riverside, California, was founded in 1870, and named for its location beside the Santa Ana River. It became the county seat when Riverside County, California, was established in 1893.

Albany thickets afrotropic terrestrial ecoregion (WWF)

The Albany thickets is an ecoregion of dense woodland in southern South Africa, which is concentrated around the Albany region of the Eastern Cape.

Jansenville Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Jansenville is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

Addo, Eastern Cape Place in Eastern Cape, South Africa

Addo is a town in Sarah Baartman District Municipality in the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.

The following index is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the protected areas of South Africa:

References

  1. "Contact list: Executive Mayors". Government Communication & Information System. Archived from the original on 14 July 2010. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
  2. 1 2 3 "Statistics by place". Statistics South Africa. Retrieved 27 September 2015.
  3. Lookup Tables - Statistics South Africa
  4. "Results Summary – All Ballots: Sundays River Valley" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  5. "Seat Calculation Detail: Sundays River Valley" (PDF). Independent Electoral Commission. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  6. "History and Culture." Sundays River Valley Municipality website. Retrieved on 14 October 2009.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Integrated Development Plan 2009/2010. Sundays River Valley Municipality. Retrieved on 14 October 2009.