The Order (white supremacist group)

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The Order
The Order.png
Motto: "Thou art my battle axe and weapons of war: for with thee will I break in pieces the nations, and with thee will I destroy kingdoms" (Jeremiah 51:20, KJV)
FormationSeptember 1983;36 years ago (1983-09)
ExtinctionDecember 1984 (1984-12)
Type White supremacist, Christian Identity, neo-fascist, neo-Nazi, white separatist, white nationalist, domestic terrorist, revolutionary
PurposeParamilitary fomenting white nationalist revolt against the "Zionist Occupation Government" and establishment of an all-white homeland in the Pacific Northwest
Location
  • United States
Key people

The Order, also known as the Brüder Schweigen (German for Brothers Keep Silent), Silent Brotherhood or less commonly as the "Aryan Resistance Movement" [1] was a white supremacist terrorist organization active in the United States between September 1983 and December 1984. The group raised funds via armed robbery. Ten members were tried and convicted for racketeering, and two for their role in the 1984 murder of radio talk show host Alan Berg.

A racket, according to the current common and most general definition, is an organized criminal act in which the criminal act is some form of substantial business, or a way to earn illegal money either regularly, or briefly but repeatedly. A racket is therefore generally a repeated or continuous criminal operation. However, originally and often still specifically, a “racket” referred to a criminal act in which the perpetrator or perpetrators fraudulently offer a service to solve a nonexistent problem, a service that will not be put into effect, or a service that would not exist without the racket. Conducting a racket is racketeering. Particularly, the potential problem may be caused by the same party that offers to solve it, but that fact may be concealed, with the specific intent to engender continual patronage for this party.

Alan Berg American attorney and talk radio show host

Alan Harrison Berg was an American attorney and talk radio show host in Denver, Colorado. Berg was known for his liberal, outspoken viewpoints and confrontational interview style. On June 18, 1984, Berg was fatally shot by members of the white nationalist group The Order. Those involved in the killing were identified as part of a group planning to kill prominent Jews such as Berg. Two of them, David Lane and Bruce Pierce, were convicted on charges of civil rights violations, although neither was charged with homicide. They were sentenced to 190 years and 252 years in prison, respectively.

Contents

History

The Order was founded by Robert Jay Mathews in late September 1983 at Mathews's farm near Metaline, Washington. [2] Mathews's farm is where the members reportedly trained. [3] Mathews was baptized into the Mormon faith as a high schooler. He formed the "Sons of Liberty", an anti-communist militia mostly made up of Mormon survivalists, fundamentalists and associates of John Singer that had no connection to the historical organization of the same name.

Robert Jay Mathews American neo-Nazi terrorist

Robert Jay Mathews was an American neo-Nazi terrorist and the leader of The Order, an American white supremacist militant group. He was killed during a shootout with approximately seventy-five federal law enforcement agents who surrounded his house on Whidbey Island, near Freeland, Washington.

Metaline, Washington Town in Washington, United States

Metaline is a town in Pend Oreille County, Washington, United States. The population was 173 at the 2010 census.

Mormonism Religious tradition of the Latter Day Saint movement

Mormonism is the predominant religious tradition of the Latter Day Saint movement of Restorationist Christianity started by Joseph Smith in Western New York in the 1820s and 30s.

A fundamental goal of The Order was revolution against the American government, which its members, and those of other white supremacist groups, believed to be controlled by a cabal of prominent Jews. The Order was named after, and partly modeled on, a fictional terrorist group in William Luther Pierce's novel The Turner Diaries . [4] The Order's goals included the establishment of a homeland (now the Northwest Territorial Imperative) from which Jews and non-whites would be barred. They often referred to the United States federal government as ZOG, an acronym for Zionist Occupied Government. Members of the Order included Randy Evans, Gary Yarborough, Bruce Pierce, Denver Parmenter, Frank DeSilva (also known as Frank Silva), Richard Scutari, David Lane, Randy Duey, and David Tate.

Jews Ancient nation and ethnoreligious group from the Levant

Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity, nationhood, and religion are strongly interrelated, as Judaism is the ethnic religion of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance.

William Luther Pierce American white nationalist

William Luther Pierce III was an American white supremacist, neo-Nazi, anti-Semitic author and political commentator. For more than 30 years, he was one of the highest profile individuals of the white nationalist movement. A physicist by profession, he was author of the novels The Turner Diaries and Hunter under the pseudonym Andrew Macdonald. Pierce founded the National Alliance, a white nationalist organization, which he led for almost thirty years.

<i>The Turner Diaries</i> 1978 novel by William Luther Pierce.

The Turner Diaries is a 1978 novel by William Luther Pierce, published under the pseudonym "Andrew Macdonald". The Turner Diaries depicts a violent revolution in the United States which leads to the overthrow of the federal government, nuclear war, and, ultimately, a race war leading to the systematic extermination of non-whites. All groups opposed by the novel's protagonist, Earl Turner, including Jews, non-whites, "liberal actors" and politicians are exterminated.

The Order drew up a hit list of enemies, and on June 18, 1984 radio talk show host Alan Berg was murdered in front of his home by Bruce Pierce, assisted by other members of The Order. [5] Berg was number two on The Order's list. [6]

In December 1984, authorities were able to track Mathews down to a house on Whidbey Island where he refused to surrender. [4] During a shootout, the house was ignited by incendiary flares and became engulfed in flames, and Mathews was killed. [4] Mathews is considered a martyr by some white nationalists. [7] [8]

Whidbey Island island in the United States of America

Whidbey Island is the largest of the islands composing Island County, Washington, in the United States. Whidbey is about 30 miles (48 km) north of Seattle, and lies between the Olympic Peninsula and the I-5 corridor of western Washington. The island forms the northern boundary of Puget Sound. It is home to Naval Air Station Whidbey Island.

Martyr person who suffers persecution and death for advocating, refusing to renounce, and/or refusing to advocate a belief or cause, usually a religious one

A martyr is someone who suffers persecution and death for advocating, renouncing, refusing to renounce, or refusing to advocate a religious belief or cause as demanded by an external party. In the martyrdom narrative of the remembering community, this refusal to comply with the presented demands results in the punishment or execution of an actor by an alleged oppressor. Accordingly, the status of the 'martyr' can be considered a posthumous title as a reward for those who are considered worthy of the concept of martyrdom by the living, regardless of any attempts by the deceased to control how they will be remembered in advance. Originally applied only to those who suffered for their religious beliefs, the term has come to be used in connection with people killed for a political cause.

Funding

Next, the group discussed how to fund actions of The Order, considering bidding on lumber-jacking and timber contracts, counterfeiting money, diaspora funding from overseas oil countries, and robberies. Though timber contracts were legal, counterfeiting money appealed to the ideals of the group in that it undermined the government by devaluing US currency. Robbery was first denied as an option due to its perceived sinful nature, until someone suggested they could rob pimps and dope dealers, which would raise money for the organization as well as set back street criminals in their businesses. [9]

Counterfeit copy which is represented as the original (said to be the same as Q1332286)

To counterfeit means to imitate something authentic, with the intent to steal, destroy, or replace the original, for use in illegal transactions, or otherwise to deceive individuals into believing that the fake is of equal or greater value than the real thing. Counterfeit products are fakes or unauthorized replicas of the real product. Counterfeit products are often produced with the intent to take advantage of the superior value of the imitated product. The word counterfeit frequently describes both the forgeries of currency and documents, as well as the imitations of items such as clothing, handbags, shoes, pharmaceuticals, aviation and automobile parts, watches, electronics, software, works of art, toys, and movies.

The organization won a bid on a timber trimming contract for a trail in the Salmo-Priest Wilderness. After five hours of grueling work, Matthews decided to call off the work and head home. Headed back to the trucks, David Lane muttered, "Well, we're going to have to be better thinkers than our fathers were, because we're sure not the men they were," [9] while Matthews mentions that the pay off from the job "would not fund the right wing for a week anyway." [9] The Order decided to try their hand at robberies, attempting to target pimps and dope dealers. After weeks of trailing black men in flashy cars and realizing they had no idea what a pimp or dope dealer truly looked like, they decided to switch to other crimes for funding.

The Order raised money through violent crime. This began with the robbery of a sex shop, which netted them $369.10. [10] Their later attacks were more effective, including several lucrative bank robberies, as well as bombings of a theater and a synagogue. The Order ran a counterfeiting operation and executed a series of armored car robberies taking a total of $4.1 million, including one near Ukiah, California that netted $3.8 million. Proceeds from these robberies were distributed to leaders of sympathetic organizations such as William Pierce (National Alliance) and Frazier Glenn Miller, Jr. (White Patriot Party). [11] [12] [13]

Convictions

Ten members of The Order were tried and convicted under Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) statutes with the help of the testimony of Frazier Glenn Miller, Jr., who testified against Order members in order to have his own sentence reduced. In a separate trial, three other members of The Order were tried and convicted of violating the civil rights of Alan Berg. [14] No one has been charged in the murder of Berg. David Lane, the getaway driver for Berg's assailants, was sentenced to 190 consecutive years on the charges of racketeering, conspiracy, and violating Berg's civil rights. He died in prison in 2007. [15] Order member Bruce Pierce was sentenced to 252 years in prison for his involvement in the Berg murder, and died of natural causes at the Allenwood Federal Correctional Complex on August 16, 2010 at the age of 56. [16] Like Mathews, Lane and Pierce are regarded by many white supremacists as heroes, political prisoners and martyrs.[ citation needed ] In another trial, 14 men were charged with sedition, conspiracy and civil rights violations. [15] Thirteen of them were acquitted, and the judge dismissed the charges against the fourteenth man for lack of evidence. [15]

A 2011 NPR report claimed that some of the people associated with this group were imprisoned in a highly restrictive Communication Management Unit. [17] Richard Scutari, a member of the Order, was sentenced to a 60-year prison term in 1986, [18] and was removed to USP Marion CMU in July 2008.

See also

Footnotes

  1. https://www.ajc.com/news/state--regional/klan-marching-staunchly-ultra-right/gb4KdOXWWS8211Hi28TLAM/amp.html
  2. "Jury Told of Plan to Kill Radio Host (Subscription needed)". The New York Times. November 8, 1987. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
  3. "Resurgent hate groups have long history in Washington state, Northwest". The Seattle Times. August 19, 2017. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 "The Alliance and the Law". Southern Poverty Law Center. Spring 2007. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  5. "Death List Names Given to US Jury". New York Times. September 17, 1985. Retrieved August 25, 2007.
  6. Morris Dees and Steve Fiffer. Hate on Trial: The Case Against America's Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi. Villard Books, 1993. page xiiv
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 1, 2005. Retrieved March 7, 2006.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. National Vanguard Archived March 8, 2012, at Archive.today
  9. 1 2 3 Flynn, Kevin J.; Gerhardt, Gary (November 6, 1990). The Silent Brotherhood: Inside America's Racist Underground (Mass-market paperback) (Reprint ed.). New York: Signet Books. ISBN   9780451167866. OCLC   22700196.
  10. "Global Terrorism Database".
  11. Gus Martin, ed. (2011). The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism (2nd ed.). Sage. p. 450. ISBN   978-1412980166.
  12. "Free the Order Rally". Southern Poverty Law Center. Spring 2007. Archived from the original on July 11, 2007. Retrieved August 17, 2007.
  13. New York Times - 2 Linked to Aryan groups plead guilty in plot
  14. Knudson, Thomas J. (October 31, 1987). "Trial Opens in Slaying of Radio Talk Show Host". New York Times . Retrieved August 25, 2007.
  15. 1 2 3 "Extremism in America: David Lane". Anti-Defamation League. 2007. Archived from the original on August 18, 2004. Retrieved July 18, 2007.
  16. The Denver Post, "Neo-Nazi gunman in Alan Berg's murder dies in prison," by Howard Pankratz (August 17, 2010 - retrieved on August 17, 2010).
  17. DATA & GRAPHICS: Population Of The Communications Management Units, Margot Williams and Alyson Hurt, NPR, 3-3-11, retrieved 2011 03 04 from npr.org
  18. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 19, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

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