United States Senate elections, 1998

Last updated
United States Senate elections, 1998
Flag of the United States.svg
  1996 November 3, 1998 2000  

Class 3 (34 of the 100) seats in the United States Senate
51 seats needed for a majority
 Majority partyMinority party
  Trent Lott official portrait (cropped).jpg Tom Daschle, official Senate photo.jpg
Leader Trent Lott Tom Daschle
Party Republican Democratic
Leader sinceJune 12, 1996January 3, 1995
Leader's seat Mississippi South Dakota
Seats before5545
Seats after5545
Seat changeSteady2.svgSteady2.svg
Popular vote25,346,61326,768,699
Percentage46.8%49.5%
SwingDecrease2.svg 2.6%Increase2.svg 1.6%
Seats up1519
Races won1519

1998 Senate election map.svg
Results of the general elections
     Democratic gain     Democratic hold
     Republican gain     Republican hold

Majority leader before election

Trent Lott
Republican

Elected Majority leader

Trent Lott
Republican

The 1998 United States Senate elections were a even contest between the Republican and Democratic parties. While the Democrats had to defend more seats up for election, Republican attacks on the morality of President Bill Clinton failed to connect with voters and anticipated Republican gains did not materialize. The Republicans picked up open seats in Ohio and Kentucky and narrowly defeated Democratic incumbent Carol Moseley Braun (Illinois), but these were cancelled out by the Democrats' gain of an open seat in Indiana and defeats of Republican Senators Al D'Amato (New York) and Lauch Faircloth (North Carolina). The balance of the Senate remained unchanged at 55–45 in favor of the Republicans. With Democrats gaining five seats in the House of Representatives, this marked the first time since 1934 that the out-of-presidency party failed to gain congressional seats in a mid-term election, and the first time since 1822 that the party not in control of the White House failed to gain seats in the mid-term election of a President's second term. These are the last senate elections that resulted in no net change in the balance of power.

Bill Clinton 42nd president of the United States

William Jefferson Clinton is an American politician who served as the 42nd president of the United States from 1993 to 2001. Prior to the presidency, he was the governor of Arkansas from 1979 to 1981, and again from 1983 to 1992, and the attorney general of Arkansas from 1977 to 1979. A member of the Democratic Party, Clinton was ideologically a New Democrat and many of his policies reflected a centrist "Third Way" political philosophy.

Carol Moseley Braun American politician and lawyer

Carol Elizabeth Moseley Braun, also sometimes Moseley-Braun, is an American diplomat, politician and lawyer who represented Illinois in the United States Senate from 1993 to 1999. She was the first female African-American Senator, the first African-American U.S. Senator for the Democratic Party, the first woman to defeat an incumbent U.S. Senator in an election, and the first female Senator from Illinois. She was the only female U.S. Senator from Illinois until Tammy Duckworth who became the U.S. Senator from Illinois in January 2017. From 1999 until 2001, she was the United States Ambassador to New Zealand. She was a candidate for the Democratic nomination during the 2004 U.S. presidential election. Following the public announcement by Richard M. Daley that he would not seek re-election, in November 2010, Braun began her campaign for Mayor of Chicago. The former Senator placed fourth in a field of six candidates, losing the February 22, 2011, election to Rahm Emanuel.

Al DAmato American politician

Alfonse Marcello D'Amato is an American lawyer and former New York politician. A Republican, he served as United States Senator from New York from 1981 to 1999. He subsequently founded a lobbying firm, Park Strategies.

Contents

Results summary

4555
DemocraticRepublican
PartiesBreakdownTotal SeatsPopular Vote
UpElectedNot Up 1996 1998+/-Vote%
Republican Party 1616395555025,346,61346.838%
Democratic Party 1818274545026,768,69949.466%
Libertarian Party 419,4520.775%
Independent 32,0250.059%
Constitution Party 68,3770.126%
Independence Party 109,0270.201%
Green Party 21,8610.040%
Reform Party 231,0640.427%
Socialist Workers Party 6,0550.011%
Conservative Party274,2200.507%
Other parties427,8450.791%
Scattering, Write-ins, etc.332,6220.615%
Total343466100100-54,115,051100.0%

Source: Election Statistics - Office of the Clerk

Gains, losses, and holds

Both Democrats and Republicans gained three seats from the other party, thereby maintaining the same party ratio.

Democratic gains

  1. Indiana: Former Governor Evan Bayh (D) overwhelmingly defeated Fort Wayne mayor Paul Helmke (R) for the seat of retiring Senator Dan Coats (R), which Bayh's father Birch Bayh (D) once held.
  2. New York: Three-term Senator Al D'Amato (R) was defeated in "one of 1998's most high-profile and nastiest races" [1] by eight-term Representative Chuck Schumer (D) of the Brooklyn and Queens-based 9th congressional district.
  3. North Carolina: Trial lawyer John Edwards (D) defeated incumbent Lauch Faircloth (R) in a close race, making Faircloth the fourth incumbent in a row to lose this seat after one term.

Republican gains

  1. Illinois: Democratic Incumbent Carol Moseley Braun, the first African American woman elected to the Senate, was narrowly defeated by conservative state Senator Peter Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald, though better-funded, maintained a low personal profile while the outspoken Moseley Braun was beset by a series of controversies.
  2. Kentucky: Representative Jim Bunning (R) narrowly defeated Representative Scotty Baesler (D) for the seat left open by retiring Democratic Senator Wendell H. Ford. Bunning, a former Major League Baseball pitcher, outspent Baesler heavily in increasingly Republican Kentucky.
  3. Ohio: Governor George Voinovich (R) defeated former Cuyahoga County Commissioner Mary Boyle (D) for the seat of retiring Democratic Senator John Glenn. Voinovich, with an overwhelming advantage in name recognition and funding, maintained a clear lead in the polls in a campaign which turned mostly on his record as governor.

Democratic holds

  1. Arkansas: Former Representative Blanche Lincoln defeated state Senator Fay Boozman by a comfortable margin to keep the seat of retiring Senator Dale Bumpers in Democratic hands. The race was seen as crucial to the Democratic Party's fortunes in Arkansas. Two years prior, in the 1996 elections, Republican Tim Hutchinson was elected to the U.S. Senate and Republican Mike Huckabee ascended to the governorship after Democratic Governor Jim Guy Tucker resigned due to Whitewater-related scandals. [2]
  2. California: Incumbent U.S. Senator Barbara Boxer defeated California State Treasurer Matt Fong after a contentious race. Boxer, a staunch liberal who suffered from low approval ratings, was the most highly targeted Democratic incumbent senator in 1998. Republicans hoped that Fong would appeal to moderates, independents, and his fellow Asian-Americans. Fong pulled ahead of Boxer by early October, but a blitz of negative advertising by Boxer in the final weeks of the campaign that attacked Fong on the issues of abortion and gun control helped boost the incumbent to a 53-43% win.
  3. Nevada: Democrat Harry Reid defeated three-term Republican Representative John Ensign of the 1st district by just 428 votes to win a third term. Reid was made vulnerable by a Republican trend in Nevada's demographics and the unpopularity of President Bill Clinton in the state. Reid went on to serve as Senate Majority Leader, while Ensign was elected to the Senate in 2000.
  4. South Carolina: Veteran Democratic Senator Fritz Hollings held back a strong challenge from Republican Congressman Bob Inglis. Inglis later won back his old House seat after his Republican successor Jim DeMint was elected to the Senate after Hollings' retirement in 2004.
  5. Washington: Incumbent Senator Patty Murray defeated conservative Republican Congresswoman Linda Smith.
  6. Wisconsin: Incumbent Senator Russ Feingold narrowly defeated Republican U.S. Representative Mark Neumann. Feingold, a leading proponent of campaign finance reform, angered national Democrats by placing self-imposed limits on his campaign spending, but nevertheless spent about $400,000 more on the race than Neumann.

Republican holds

  1. Colorado: Incumbent Republican Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell defeated Dottie Lamm, a columnist for The Denver Post and the wife of former Governor Dick Lamm, by a wide margin. It was Campbell's first race as a Republican, as he had been elected to the Senate in 1992 as a Democrat, but switched parties in 1995 after the 1994 Republican takeover of both houses of Congress.
  2. Georgia: Incumbent Republican Senator Paul Coverdell defeated Michael Coles, the millionaire founder of the Great American Cookie, in a close race.
  3. Missouri: Incumbent Republican Senator Kit Bond defeated Missouri Attorney General Jay Nixon, who would be elected Governor ten years later.

Change in Senate composition

Before the elections

D1D2D3D4D5D6D7D8D9D10
D20D19D18D17D16D15D14D13D12D11
D21D22D23D24D25D26D27
Ran
D28
Ran
D29
Ran
D30
Ran
D40
Ran
D39
Ran
D38
Ran
D37
Ran
D36
Ran
D35
Ran
D34
Ran
D33
Ran
D32
Ran
D31
Ran
D41
Ran
D42
Ran
D43
Retired
D44
Retired
D45
Retired
R55
Retired
R54
Retired
R53
Ran
R52
Ran
R51
Ran
Majority →
R41
Ran
R42
Ran
R43
Ran
R44
Ran
R45
Ran
R46
Ran
R47
Ran
R48
Ran
R49
Ran
R50
Ran
R40R39R38R37R36R35R34R33R32R31
R21R22R23R24R25R26R27R28R29R30
R20R19R18R17R16R15R14R13R12R11
R1R2R3R4R5R6R7R8R9R10

After the general elections

D1D2D3D4D5D6D7D8D9D10
D20D19D18D17D16D15D14D13D12D11
D21D22D23D24D25D26D27
Re-elected
D28
Re-elected
D29
Re-elected
D30
Re-elected
D40
Re-elected
D39
Re-elected
D38
Re-elected
D37
Re-elected
D36
Re-elected
D35
Re-elected
D34
Re-elected
D33
Re-elected
D32
Re-elected
D31
Re-elected
D41
Re-elected
D42
Re-elected
D43
Gain
D44
Gain
D45
Gain
R55
Gain
R54
Gain
R53
Gain
R52
Re-elected
R51
Re-elected
Majority →
R41
Re-elected
R42
Re-elected
R43
Re-elected
R44
Re-elected
R45
Re-elected
R46
Re-elected
R47
Re-elected
R48
Re-elected
R49
Re-elected
R50
Re-elected
R40R39R38R37R36R35R34R33R32R31
R21R22R23R24R25R26R27R28R29R30
R20R19R18R17R16R15R14R13R12R11
R1R2R3R4R5R6R7R8R9R10
Key:
D# Democratic
R# Republican

Race summary

Special elections during the 105th Congress

There were no special elections in 1998 or 1999 during the 105th Congress.

Elections leading to the next Congress

In these general elections, the winners were elected for the term beginning January 3, 1993; ordered by state.

All of the elections involved the Class 3 seats.

State
(linked to
summaries below)
IncumbentResultsCandidates
SenatorPartyElectoral history
Alabama Richard Shelby Republican 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Richard Shelby (Republican) 63.2%
Clayton Suddith (Democratic) 36.7%
Alaska Frank Murkowski Republican 1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Frank Murkowski (Republican) 74.5%
Joe Sonneman (Democratic) 19.7%
Jeffrey Gottlieb (Green) 3.2%
Scott Kohlhaas (Libertarian) 2.3%
Arizona John McCain Republican 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.John McCain (Republican) 68.7%
Ed Ranger (Democratic) 27.2%
John C. Zajac (Libertarian) 2.3%
Bob Park (Reform) 1.8%
Arkansas Dale Bumpers Democratic 1974
1980
1986
1992
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic hold
Blanche Lincoln (Democratic) 55.1%
Fay Boozman (Republican) 42.2%
Charley E. Heffley (Reform) 2.7%
California Barbara Boxer Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Barbara Boxer (Democratic) 53%
Matt Fong (Republican) 43%
Ted Brown (Libertarian) 1.1%
Timothy R. Erich (Reform) 1%
H. Joseph Perrin, Sr. (American Independent) 0.7%
Ophie C. Beltran (Peace & Freedom) 0.6%
Brian M. Rees (Natural Law) 0.6%
Colorado Ben Nighthorse Campbell Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Ben Nighthorse Campbell (Republican) 62.5%
Dottie Lamm (Democratic) 35%
David S. Segal (Libertarian) 1%
Kevin Swanson (American Constitution) 0.7%
Jeff Peckman (Natural Law) 0.3%
John Heckman (Concerns of People) 0.2%
Gary Swing (Pacifist) 0.1%
Connecticut Chris Dodd Democratic 1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Chris Dodd (Democratic) 65.1%
Gary Franks (Republican) 32.4%
William Kozak (Concerned Citizens) 1.3%
Lois A. Grasso (Term Limits) 0.7%
Wildey Moore (Libertarian) 0.5%
Florida Bob Graham Democratic 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Bob Graham (Democratic) 62.5%
Charlie Crist (Republican) 37.5%
Georgia Paul Coverdell Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Paul Coverdell (Republican) 52.3%
Michael Coles (Democratic) 45.3%
Bertil Armin Loftman (Libertarian) 2.5%
Hawaii Daniel Inouye Democratic 1962
1968
1974
1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Daniel Inouye (Democratic) 79.2%
Crystal Young (Republican) 17.8%
Lloyd Mallan (Libertarian) 3%
Idaho Dirk Kempthorne Republican 1992 Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican hold
Mike Crapo (Republican) 69.5%
Bill Mauk (Democratic) 28.4%
George J. Mansfeld (Natural Law) 2%
Illinois Carol Moseley Braun Democratic 1992 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Republican gain
Peter Fitzgerald (Republican) 50.3%
Carol Moseley Braun (Democratic) 47.4%
Don A. Torgersen (Reform) 2.2%
Raymond W. Stalker (U.S. Taxpayers) 0.01%
Indiana Dan Coats Republican1989 (Appointed)
1990 (Special)
1992
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain
Evan Bayh (Democratic) 63.7%
Paul Helmke (Republican) 34.8%
Rebecca Sink-Burris (Libertarian) 1.5%
Iowa Chuck Grassley Republican 1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Chuck Grassley (Republican) 68.4%
David Osterberg (Democratic) 30.5%
Susan Marcus (Natural Law) 0.8%
Margaret Trowe (Socialist Workers) 0.3%
Kansas Sam Brownback Republican 1996 (Special)Incumbent re-elected.Sam Brownback (Republican) 65.3%
Paul Feleciano Jr. (Democratic) 31.6%
Tom Oyler (Libertarian) 1.6%
Alvin Bauman (Reform) 1.5%
Kentucky Wendell Ford Democratic 1974
1974 (Appointed)
1980
1986
1992
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain
Jim Bunning (Republican) 49.7%
Scotty Baesler (Democratic) 49.2%
Charles R. Arbegust (Reform) 1.1%
Louisiana John Breaux Democratic 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.John Breaux (Democratic) 64%
Jim Donelon (Republican) 32%
Maryland Barbara Mikulski Democratic 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Barbara Mikulski (Democratic) 70.5%
Ross Pierpont (Republican) 29.5%
Missouri Kit Bond Republican 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Kit Bond (Republican) 52.7%
Jay Nixon (Democratic) 43.8%
Tamara Millay (Libertarian) 2.0%
Curtis Frazier (U.S. Taxpayers) 1.0%
James F. Newport (Reform) 0.5%
Nevada Harry Reid Democratic 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Harry Reid (Democratic) 47.9%
John Ensign (Republican) 47.8%
Michael Cloud (Libertarian) 1.9%
None of These Candidates 1.8%
Michael E. Williams (Natural Law) 0.6%
New Hampshire Judd Gregg Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Judd Gregg (Republican) 67.8%
George Condodemetraky (Democratic) 28.2%
Brian Christeson (Libertarian) 2.4%
Roy Kendel (Independent) 1.5%
New York Al D'Amato Republican 1980
1986
1992
Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain
Chuck Schumer (Democratic) 54.6%
Al D'Amato (Republican) 44.1%
Corinne E. Kurtz (Marijuana Reform) 0.7%
Joel Kovel (Green) 0.3%
William P. Mc Millen (Libertarian) 0.2%
Rose Ana Berbeo (Socialist Workers) 0.1%
North Carolina Lauch Faircloth Republican 1992 Incumbent lost re-election.
New senator elected.
Democratic gain
John Edwards (Democratic) 51.2%
Lauch Faircloth (Republican) 47.0%
Barbara Howe (Libertarian) 1.8%
North Dakota Byron Dorgan Democratic-NPL 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Byron Dorgan (Democratic) 63.1%
Donna Nalewaja (Republican) 35.2%
Harley McLain (Libertarian) 1.7%
Ohio John Glenn Democratic 1974
1974 (Appointed)
1980
1986
1992
Incumbent retired.
New senator elected.
Republican gain
George Voinovich (Republican) 56.5%
Mary Boyle (Democratic) 43.5%
Oklahoma Don Nickles Republican 1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Don Nickles (Republican) 66.4%
Don Carroll (Democratic) 31.3%
Mike Morris (Independent) 1.8%
Argus W. Yandell, Jr. (Independent) 0.5%
Oregon Ron Wyden Democratic 1996 (Special)
1998
Incumbent re-elected.Ron Wyden (Democratic) 61%
John Lim (Republican) 33.8%
Karen Moskowitz (Green) 2.0%
Jim Brewster (Libertarian) 1.6%
Michael A. Campbell (Natural Law) 0.8%
Dean M. Braa (Socialist) 0.7%
Pennsylvania Arlen Specter Republican 1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Arlen Specter (Republican) 61.3%
Bill Lloyd (Democratic) 34.8%
Dean Snyder (Constitution) 2.3%
Jack Iannantuono (Libertarian) 1.6%
South Carolina Ernest Hollings Democratic1966 (Appointed)
1968
1974
1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Ernest Hollings (Democratic) 52.7%
Bob Inglis (Republican) 45.7%
Richard Quillian (Libertarian) 1.6%
South Dakota Tom Daschle Democratic 1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Tom Daschle (Democratic) 62.1%
Ron Schmidt (Republican) 36.4%
Byron Dale (Libertarian) 1.4%
Utah Bob Bennett Republican 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Bob Bennett (Republican) 64%
Scott Leckman (Democratic) 33%
Gary R. Van Horn (Independent American) 3%
Vermont Patrick Leahy Democratic 1974
1980
1986
1992
Incumbent re-elected.Patrick Leahy (Democratic) 72.2%
Fred Tuttle (Republican) 22.5%
Hugh Douglas (Libertarian) 2.0%
Barry M. Nelson (Independent) 1.4%
Bob Melamede (Vermont Grassroots) 1.2%
Jerry Levy (Liberty Union) 0.6%
Washington Patty Murray Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Patty Murray (Democratic) 58.4%
Linda Smith (Republican) 41.6%
Wisconsin Russ Feingold Democratic 1992 Incumbent re-elected.Russ Feingold (Democratic) 50.6%
Mark Neumann (Republican) 48.4%
Robert R. Raymond (U.S. Taxpayers) 0.5%
Tom Ender (Libertarian) 0.3%
Eugene A. Hem (Independent) 0.2%

Special elections during the 106th Congress

There were no special elections in 1999 during the 106th Congress.

Alabama

Alabama election
Flag of Alabama.svg
  1992
2004  
  Richard Shelby official portrait.JPG No image.png
Nominee Richard Shelby Clayton Suddith
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote817,973474,568
Percentage63.2%36.7%

U.S. Senator before election

Richard Shelby
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Richard Shelby
Republican

Incumbent Republican Richard Shelby won re-election to a third term. Shelby had been elected in 1986 and 1992 as a Democrat, but switched to the Republican party in 1994, making this the first election he competed in as a Republican. He beat Democrat Clayton Suddith, an army veteran and former Franklin County Commissioner. [3]

Richard Shelby Republican U.S. Senator from Alabama

Richard Craig Shelby is an American politician serving as the senior United States Senator from Alabama. First elected to the U.S. Senate in 1986, he is the Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee, succeeding Thad Cochran. He previously served as Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and Senate Committee on Rules and Administration. He is the longest serving U.S. Senator from Alabama, surpassing John Sparkman who held the previous record.

Franklin County, Alabama County in the United States

Franklin County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,704. Its county seat is Russellville. Its name is in honor of Benjamin Franklin, famous statesman, scientist, and printer. It is a dry county, although the city of Russellville is wet.

United States Senate election in Alabama, 1998 [4]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Richard Shelby 817,97363.2%
Democratic Clayton Suddith 474,56836.7%
Independent Write Ins 8640.1%

Alaska

Alaska election
Flag of Alaska.svg
  1992
2004  
  Frank Murkowski, 105th Congress photo.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Frank Murkowski Joseph Sonneman
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote165,22743,743
Percentage74.5%19.7%

U.S. Senator before election

Frank Murkowski
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Frank Murkowski
Republican

Incumbent Republican Frank Murkowski easily won re-election to a fourth term against Democratic nominee Joseph Sonneman, a perennial candidate, earning nearly 75% of the vote.

Frank Murkowski Republican governor of and U.S. Senator from Alaska

Frank Hughes Murkowski is an American retired politician and a member of the Republican Party. He was a United States senator from Alaska from 1981 until 2002 and the eighth governor of Alaska from 2002 until 2006.

Open primary results [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Frank Murkowski (Incumbent)76,64971.76%
Democratic Joseph Sonneman10,72110.04%
Democratic Frank Vondersaar6,3425.94%
Republican William L. Hale6,3135.91%
Green Jeffrey Gottlieb4,7964.49%
Libertarian Scott A. Kohlhaas1,9871.86%
Total votes106,808100.00%
United States Senate election in Alaska, 1998 [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Frank Murkowski (Incumbent) 165,227 74.49% +21.44%
Democratic Joe Sonneman 43,74319.72%-18.68%
Green Jeffrey Gottlieb7,1263.21%-5.14%
Libertarian Scott A. Kohlhaas5,0462.27%
Write-ins6650.30%
Majority121,48454.77%+40.13%
Turnout 221,807
Republican hold

Arizona

Arizona election
Flag of Arizona.svg
  1992
2004  
  John McCain Official Other Version.jpg No image.png
Nominee John McCain Ed Ranger
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote696,577275,224
Percentage68.7%27.2%

1998 Arizona.png
U.S. Senate election results map.
Red denotes counties won by McCain.

U.S. Senator before election

John McCain
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

John McCain
Republican

Incumbent Republican John McCain won re-election to a third term over Democratic attorney Ed Ranger. [7]

John McCain American politician

John Sidney McCain III was an American politician and military officer who served as a United States Senator from Arizona from January 1987 until his death. He previously served two terms in the United States House of Representatives and was the Republican nominee for President of the United States in the 2008 election, which he lost to Barack Obama.

General election result [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican John McCain (Incumbent) 696,577 68.74% +12.93%
Democratic Ed Ranger 275,22427.16%-4.41%
Libertarian John C. Zajac 23,0042.27%+0.63%
Reform Bob Park 18,2881.80%
Write-ins1870.02%
Majority421,35341.58%+17.34%
Turnout 1,013,280
Republican hold

Arkansas

Arkansas election
Flag of Arkansas (1924-2011).svg
  1992
2004  
  Blanche Lincoln official portrait.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Blanche Lincoln Fay Boozman
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote385,878295,870
Percentage55.1%42.4%

Arkansas senate 2004.PNG
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Dale Bumpers
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Blanche Lincoln
Democratic

Incumbent Dale Bumpers retired. U.S. Representative Blanche Lincoln won the open seat.

Dale Bumpers American politician

Dale Leon Bumpers was an American politician who served as the 38th Governor of Arkansas (1971–1975) and in the United States Senate (1975–1999). He was a member of the Democratic Party. Prior to his death, he was counsel at the Washington, D.C. office of law firm Arent Fox LLP, where his clients included Riceland Foods and the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences.

Blanche Lincoln American politician

Blanche Meyers Lambert Lincoln is an American politician and lawyer who served as a U.S. Senator from Arkansas from 1999 to 2011. A member of the Democratic Party, Lincoln was first elected to the Senate in 1998; she was the first woman elected to the Senate from Arkansas since Hattie Caraway in 1932 and, at age 38, was the youngest woman ever elected to the Senate. She previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Arkansas's 1st congressional district from 1993 to 1997.

Democratic Primary results [8]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Blanche Lincoln 145,00945.5%
Democratic Winston Bryant 87,18327.4%
Democratic Scott Ferguson 44,76114.0%
Democratic Nate Coulter 41,84813.1%
Total votes318,801100.00%
Republican Primary results
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Fay Boozman 128,92978.0%
Republican Tom Prince 44,00622.0%
Total votes172,035100.00%
Arkansas Senate election 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Blanche Lincoln 385,87855.1%
Republican Fay Boozman 295,87042.2%
Reform Charley E. Heffley 18,8962.7%

California

California election
Flag of California.svg
  1992
2004  
  BarbaraBoxer.jpg Mattfong.jpg
Nominee Barbara Boxer Matt Fong
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote4,411,7053,576,351
Percentage53.1%43.0%

CA1998SenCounties.svg
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Barbara Boxer
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Barbara Boxer
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Barbara Boxer won re-election to a second term.

Barbara Boxer American politician

Barbara Levy Boxer is a retired American politician who served as a United States Senator for California from 1993 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, she previously served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1983 to 1993.

1998 United States Senate Democratic primary, California
CandidateVotes%
Barbara Boxer (Incumbent)2,574,26492.15%
John Pinkerton 219,2507.85%
Total votes2,793,514100.00%
1998 United States Senate Republican primary, California
CandidateVotes%
Matt Fong 1,292,66245.28%
Darrell Issa 1,142,56740.02%
Frank Riggs 295,88610.36%
John M. Brown 48,9411.71%
Mark Raus 45,4801.59%
Linh Dao 29,2411.02%
Total votes2,854,777100.00%
1998 United States Senate primary, California (Others)
PartyCandidateVotes%
Libertarian (Calif.) Ted Brown 67,408100.00%
Peace and Freedom Ophie C. Beltran 52,306100.00%
Reform Timothy R. Erich 45,601100.00%
American Independent Joseph Perrin, Sr. 24,026100.00%
Natural Law Brian M. Rees 23,945100.00%

Although the race was predicted[ by whom? ] to be fairly close, Boxer still defeated Fong by a ten-point margin. Boxer as expected did very well in Los Angeles County, and the San Francisco Bay Area.

1998 United States Senate election, California [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Barbara Boxer (Incumbent)4,410,05653.06%
Republican Matt Fong 3,575,07843.01%
Libertarian Ted Brown 93,9261.13%
Reform Timothy R. Erich 82,9181.00%
American Independent Joseph Perrin, Sr. 54,6990.66%
Peace and Freedom Ophie C. Beltran 48,6850.56%
Natural Law Brian M. Rees 46,5430.59%
Total votes8,311,905100.00%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

Colorado

Colorado election
Flag of Colorado.svg
  1992
2004  
  BenNCampbell.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Ben Nighthorse Campbell Dottie Lamm
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote829,370464,754
Percentage62.5%35.0%

Colorado 1998 senate.PNG
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Ben Nighthorse Campbell
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Ben Nighthorse Campbell
Republican

Incumbent Republican Ben Nighthorse Campbell won re-election to a second term.

Colorado Democratic primary results [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Dottie Lamm 84,92957.98%
Democratic Gil Romero 61,54842.02%
Total votes146,477100.00%
Colorado Republican primary results [9]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Ben Nighthorse Campbell (Incumbent)154,70270.62%
Republican Bill Eggert 64,34729.38%
Total votes219,049100.00%

Campbell, who was elected in 1992 as a Democrat, switched parties after the 1994 Republican Revolution. He faced a primary challenger, but won with over 70% of the vote. In the general election, Democratic nominee Dottie Lamm criticized Campbell of flip flopping from being a moderate liberal to moderate conservative. [10] [11] In fact, throughout the entire campaign, Lamm mostly sent out negative attack advertisements about Campbell. [12]

General election [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Ben Nighthorse Campbell (Incumbent) 829,370 62.49% +19.78%
Democratic Dottie Lamm 464,75435.02%-16.76%
Libertarian David S. Segal 14,0241.06%+1.06%
Constitution Kevin Swanson 9,7750.74%
Natural Law Jeffrey Peckham 4,1010.31%
Independent John Heckman 3,2300.24%
Independent Gary Swing 1,9810.15%
Majority364,61627.47%+18.40%
Turnout 1,327,235
Republican hold Swing {{{swing}}}

Connecticut

Connecticut election
Flag of Connecticut.svg
  1992
2004  
  Christopher Dodd official portrait 2-cropped.jpg Gary A. Franks.jpg
Nominee Chris Dodd Gary A. Franks
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote628,306312,177
Percentage65.2%32.4%

Connecticut Election Results by County, all Democratic.svg
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Chris Dodd
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Chris Dodd
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Chris Dodd won re-election for a fourth term against former Republican U.S. Congressman Gary A. Franks.

Connecticut Senate election 1998 [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Chris Dodd 628,30665.2%
Republican Gary A. Franks 312,17732.4%
Concerned Citizens William Kozak 12,2611.3%
Independent Lois A. Grasso 6,5170.7%
Libertarian Wildey J. Moore 5,1960.5%

Florida

Florida election
Flag of Florida.svg
  1992
2004  
  Bob Graham, official Senate photo portrait, color.jpg Charlie Crist official portrait crop.jpg
Nominee Bob Graham Charlie Crist
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote2,436,4071,463,755
Percentage62.5%37.5%

U.S. Senator before election

Bob Graham
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Bob Graham
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Bob Graham won re-election to a third term.

Democratic primary results
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Bob Graham (Incumbent)909,349100.00%
Republican Primary results [13]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Charlie Crist 365,89466.40%
Republican Andy Martin 184,73933.60%
Total votes550,633100.00%

Graham defeated Crist in a landslide, as Crist won just four counties in the state. There were no third party or independent candidates.

General election results [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Daniel Robert Graham 2,436,407 62.47% -2.93%
Republican Charles Joseph Crist, Jr. 1,463,75537.53%+2.94%
Majority972,65224.94%-5.87%
Turnout 3,900,16246.84%
Total votes3,900,162100.00%
Democratic hold

Georgia

Georgia election
Flag of the State of Georgia (1956-2001).svg
  1992
2000  
  Paul Coverdell.PNG No image.svg
Nominee Paul Coverdell Michael Coles
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote918,540791,904
Percentage52.37%45.15%

Georgia Senate 1998.svg
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Paul Coverdell
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Paul Coverdell
Republican

Incumbent Republican Paul Coverdell won re-election to a second term. [6]

Georgia United States Senate election, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Paul Coverdell 918,540 52.37%
Democratic Michael Coles 791,90445.15%
Libertarian Bert Loftman 43,4672.48%
Socialist Workers Daniel Fein (''write-in'') 420.00%
Majority126,6367.22%
Turnout 1,753,953

Hawaii

Hawaii election
Flag of Hawaii.svg
  1992
2004  
  Daniel Inouye official photo.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Daniel Inouye Crystal Young
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote315,25270,964
Percentage79.2%17.8%

Hawaii Election Results by County, all Democratic.svg
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Daniel Inouye
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Daniel Inouye
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Daniel Inouye won re-election to a seventh term over Republican legislative aide Crystal Young. [14]

General election results [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Daniel Inouye 315,25279.2%
Republican Crystal Young 70,96417.8%
Libertarian Lloyd Jeffrey Mallan 11,9083.0%

Idaho

Idaho election
Flag of Idaho.svg
  1992
2004  
  Mike Crapo official photo.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Mike Crapo Bill Mauk
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote262,966107,375
Percentage69.5%28.4%

Idaho Rep sweep.PNG
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Dirk Kempthorne
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Mike Crapo
Republican

Incumbent Republican Dirk Kempthorne decided to retire after one term to run for governor. Republican nominee Mike Crapo won the open seat.

Democratic primary results [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Bill Mauk 22,503100.00%
Total votes22,503100.00%
Republican primary results [15]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Mike Crapo 110,20587.27%
Republican Matt Lambert 16,07512.73%
Total votes126,280100.00%
General election results [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Mike Crapo 262,966 69.54% +13.01%
Democratic Bill Mauk 107,37528.39%-15.08%
Natural Law George J. Mansfeld 7,8332.07%
Majority155,59141.14%+28.10%
Turnout 378,174
Republican hold

Illinois

Illinois election
Flag of Illinois.svg
  1992
2004  
  Peter Fitzgerald cropped.jpg Sen. Carol Moseley Braun.jpg
Nominee Peter Fitzgerald Carol Moseley Braun
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote1,709,0421,610,496
Percentage50.4%47.4%

Illinois Senate election by county, 1998.png
U.S. Senate election results map.
Red denotes counties won by Fitzgerald.
Blue denotes those won by Moseley Braun.

U.S. Senator before election

Carol Moseley Braun
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Peter Fitzgerald
Republican

Incumbent Democrat Carol Moseley Braun decided to run for re-election, despite the number of controversies that she had in her first term. Republican State Senator Peter Fitzgerald won his party's primary with a slim margin of victory.

He ended up defeating the incumbent, with a margin of victory of approximately 3%. Peter Fitzgerald won all but five counties.

During Moseley Braun's first term as U.S. Senator, she was plagued by several major controversies. Moseley Braun was the subject of a 1993 Federal Elections Commission investigation over $249,000 in unaccounted-for campaign funds. The agency found some small violations, but took no action against Moseley Braun, citing a lack of resources. Moseley Braun only admitted to bookkeeping errors. The Justice Department turned down two requests for investigations from the IRS. [16]

In 1996, Moseley Braun made a private trip to Nigeria, where she met with dictator Sani Abacha. Despite U.S. sanctions against that country, due to Abacha's actions, the Senator did not notify, nor register her trip with, the State Department. She subsequently defended Abacha's human rights records in Congress. [17]

Peter Fitzgerald, a State Senator, won the Republican primary, defeating Illinois Comptroller Loleta Didrickson with 51.8% of the vote, to Didrickson's 48.2%. [18] Fitzgerald spent nearly $7 million in the Republican primary. [19] He had a major financial advantage, as he was a multimillionaire. He ended up spending $12 million in his election victory. [20]

In September, Moseley Braun created controversy again by using the word Nigger to describe how she claims to be a victim of racism. [20]

Most polls over the first few months showed Moseley Braun trailing badly. However, after she was helped in the final month by notable Democrats such as First Lady Hillary Clinton and U.S. Congressman Luis V. Gutierrez, three polls published in the last week showed her within the margin of error, and, in one poll, running even with Fitzgerald. [21]

Moseley Braun was narrowly defeated by Republican Peter Fitzgerald. Moseley Braun only won four of Illinois's 102 counties. Despite this, the race was kept close by Moseley running up massive margins in Cook County, home of Chicago. However it wasn't quite enough to win.

Illinois United States Senate election, 1998 [22]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Peter Fitzgerald 1,709,041 [23] 50.35% [23] +7.4%
Democratic Carol Moseley Braun (Incumbent)1,610,496 [23] 47.44% [23] -5.6%
Reform Don Torgersen 74,704 [23] 2.20% [23] 0.00%
US Taxpayers Raymond Stalker 280 [23] 0.01% [23] 0.00%
Majority98,5452.91%0.00%
Turnout 3,394,521
Republican gain from Democratic Swing {{{swing}}}

Indiana

Indiana election
Flag of Indiana.svg
  1992
2004  
  Evan Bayh official portrait.jpg Paul Helmke.jpg
Nominee Evan Bayh Paul Helmke
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote1,012,244552,732
Percentage63.7%34.8%

INSenCounties98.png
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Dan Coats
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Evan Bayh
Democratic

Incumbent Republican Dan Coats decided to retire instead of seeking a second full term. Democratic nominee, former Governor Evan Bayh won the open seat his father once held.

General election results [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Evan Bayh 1,012,244 63.7%
Republican Paul Helmke 552,73234.8%
Libertarian Rebecca Sink-Burris 23,6411.5%
Majority459,512
Turnout 1,588,617
Democratic gain from Republican Swing {{{swing}}}

Iowa

Iowa election
Flag of Iowa.svg
  1992
2004  
  Chuck Grassley official photo.jpg David Osterberg.jpg
Nominee Chuck Grassley David Osterberg
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote648,480289,049
Percentage68.41%30.49%

Iowa Rep sweep.PNG
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Chuck Grassley
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Chuck Grassley
Republican

Incumbent Republican Chuck Grassley sought re-election to a fourth term in the United States Senate, facing off against former State Representative David Osterberg, who won the Democratic nomination unopposed. Grassley had not faced a competitive election since 1980; this year proved no different, and Grassley crushed Osterberg to win a fourth term.

Democratic primary results [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic David Osterberg 86,06499.45%
Democratic Write-ins 4760.55%
Total votes86,540100.00%
Republican primary results [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Chuck Grassley (Incumbent)149,94399.72%
Republican Write-ins 4190.28%
Total votes150,362100.00%
United States Senate election in Iowa, 1998 [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Chuck Grassley (Incumbent) 648,480 68.41% -1.20%
Democratic David Osterberg 289,04930.49%+3.29%
Natural Law Susan Marcus 7,5610.80%-0.47%
Socialist Workers Margaret Trowe 2,5420.27%+0.16%
Write-ins2750.03%
Majority359,43137.92%-4.50%
Turnout 947,907
Republican hold

Kansas

Kansas election
Flag of Kansas.svg
  1996
2004  
  Sam Brownback official portrait 3.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Sam Brownback Paul Feleciano
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote474,639310,337
Percentage65.3%31.6%

Kansas Rep sweep excluding Wyan only.PNG
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Sam Brownback
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Sam Brownback
Republican

Incumbent Republican Sam Brownback won re-election to his first full term. Brownback was first elected in a special election held in 1996, when then-Senator Bob Dole resigned to campaign for U.S. President, after 27 years in the Senate. This would've been Dole's seventh term in office had he remained in his seat.

Democratic primary results [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Paul Feleciano, Jr. 58,09758.73%
Democratic Todd Covault 40,82541.27%
Total votes98,922100.00%
Republican Party primary results [25]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Sam Brownback (Incumbent)255,747100.00%
Total votes255,747100.00%
General election results [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Sam Brownback (Incumbent) 474,639 65.27% +11.35%
Democratic Paul Feleciano, Jr. 229,71831.59%-11.74%
Libertarian Tom Oyler 11,5451.59%
Reform Alvin Bauman 11,3341.56%-1.20%
Majority244,92133.68%+23.10%
Turnout 727,236
Republican hold

Kentucky

Kentucky election
Flag of Kentucky.svg
  1992
2004  
  Jim-Bunning-108th.jpg Baesler.jpg
Nominee Jim Bunning Scotty Baesler
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote569,817563,051
Percentage49.8%49.2%

U.S. Senator before election

Wendell Ford
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Jim Bunning
Republican

Incumbent Democratic U.S Senator Wendell Ford decided to retire, instead of seeking a fifth term. Republican Representative Jim Bunning won the open seat.

Democratic Primary results [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Scotty Baesler 194,12534.16%
Democratic Charlie Owen 166,47229.29%
Democratic Steve Henry 156,57627.55%
Democratic Jim Brown 19,9753.51%
Democratic David L. Williams16,3662.88%
Democratic Ken Buchanan Thompson 14,7782.60%
Total votes568,292100.00%
Republican primary results [27]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Jim Bunning 152,49374.28%
Republican Barry Metcalf 52,79825.72%
Total votes205,291100.00%
General election results [28]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Jim Bunning 569,817 49.75% +13.94%
Democratic Scotty Baesler 563,05149.16%-13.73%
Reform Charles R. Arbegust 12,5461.10%
Majority6,7660.59%-26.48%
Total votes1,145,414100.00%
Republican gain from Democratic Swing {{{swing}}}

Louisiana

Louisiana election
Flag of Louisiana (1912-2006).svg
  1992
2004  
  John Breaux cropped.jpg No image.svg
Nominee John Breaux Jim Donelon
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote620,502306,616
Percentage64.0%31.6%

Labreaux98.png
Parish Results

U.S. Senator before election

John Breaux
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

John Breaux
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat John Breaux won re-election to a third term. As of 2016, this is the last time the Democrats have won the Class 3 Senate Seat from Louisiana.

Louisiana United States Senate election, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic John Breaux 620,502 64.0%
Republican Jim Donelon 306,61631.6%
Independent Raymond Brown12,2031.3%
Independent Sam Houston Melton 9,8931.0%
Independent Darryl Paul Ward 7,9640.8%
Independent L. D. Knox 6,3660.7%
Independent Jeffrey H. Diket 3,2270.3%
Independent Martin A. Rosenthal 2,3980.3%

Maryland

Maryland election
Flag of Maryland.svg
  1992
2004  
  Barbara Mikulski.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Barbara Mikulski Ross Pierpont
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote1,062,810444,637
Percentage70.5%29.5%

U.S. Senator before election

Barbara Mikulski
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Barbara Mikulski
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Barbara Mikulski won re-election to a third term.

Democratic Primary results [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Democratic Barbara A. Mikulski (Incumbent)349,38284.36%
Democratic Ann L. Mallory 43,12010.41%
Democratic Kauko H. Kokkonen 21,6585.23%
Total votes414,160100.00%
Republican Primary results [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican Ross Z. Pierpont 32,69118.40%
Republican John Taylor22,85512.87%
Republican Michael Gloth 19,92611.22%
Republican Kenneth Wayman 16,5059.29%
Republican Bradlyn McClanahan 16,4399.25%
Republican Howard David Greyber 16,1779.11%
Republican John Stafford 15,0318.46%
Republican George Liebmann 14,4408.13%
Republican Barry Steve Asbury 11,8816.69%
Republican Thomas Scott11,7076.59%
Total votes177,652100.00%
United States Senate election in Maryland, 1998 [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Barbara A. Mikulski (Incumbent) 1,062,810 70.50% -0.51%
Republican Ross Z. Pierpont 444,63729.50%+0.51%
Majority618,17341.01%-1.02%
Total votes1,507,447100.00%
Democratic hold

Missouri

Missouri election
Flag of Missouri.svg
  1992
2004  
  Kit Bond official portrait cropped.jpg Jay Nixon.jpg
Nominee Kit Bond Jay Nixon
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote830,625690,208
Percentage52.7%43.8%

U.S. Senator before election

Kit Bond
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Kit Bond
Republican

Incumbent Republican Kit Bond won re-election to a third term. [6]

General election results
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Kit Bond 830,625 52.68%
Democratic Jay Nixon 690,20843.77%
Libertarian Tamara Millay 31,8762.02%
Constitution Curtis Frazier 15,3680.98%
Reform James Newport 8,7800.56%
Majority140,4178.90%
Turnout 1,576,857

Nevada

Nevada election
Flag of Nevada.svg
  1992
2004  
  Harry Reid official portrait.jpg John Ensign official portrait.jpg
Nominee Harry Reid John Ensign
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote208,621208,220
Percentage47.9%47.8%

98NVSenateCounties.PNG
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Harry Reid
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Harry Reid
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Harry Reid won re-election to a third term.

Republican primary results [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%
Republican John Ensign105,26380.57%
Republican Ralph W. Stephens13,67910.47%
Republican None of these candidates11,7048.96%
Total votes130,646100.00%

Reid won in a close election by 401 votes -- even closer than Tim Johnson's Senate run in South Dakota in 2002, when he narrowly defeated Congressman John Thune by 524 votes. Ensign did not contest the results, and Reid won the race.

General election results [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Harry Reid (Incumbent) 208,650 47.88% -3.19%
Republican John Ensign 208,22247.78%+7.56%
Libertarian Michael Cloud8,1291.87%+0.41%
None of These Candidates 8,1131.86%-0.79%
Natural Law Michael E. Williams2,7810.64%-0.83%
Majority4010.09%-10.74%
Turnout 435,864
Democratic hold

New Hampshire

New Hampshire election
Flag of New Hampshire.svg
  1992
2004  
  Judd Gregg.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Judd Gregg George Condodemetraky
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote213,47788,883
Percentage67.8%28.2%

New Hampshire R Sweep.svg
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Judd Gregg
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Judd Gregg
Republican

Incumbent Republican Judd Gregg won re-election to his second term.

General election results [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Judd Gregg 213,477 67.8%
Democratic George Condodemetraky 88,88328.2%
Libertarian Brian Christeson 7,6032.4%
Independent American Roy Kendel 4,7331.5%

New York

New York election
Flag of New York.svg
  1992
2004  
  Charles Schumer official portrait.jpg Alfonse D'Amato.jpg
Nominee Chuck Schumer Al D'Amato
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote2,551,0652,058,988
Percentage54.6%44.1%

NewYorkSenatorial1998.svg
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Al D'Amato
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Chuck Schumer
Democratic

Incumbent Republican Al D'Amato was running for re-election to a fourth term, but lost to Chuck Schumer in what was considered by many to be the "high[est] profile and nastiest" contest of the year. [33]

Geraldine Ferraro, former U.S. Representative and nominee for Vice President in 1984, was well known for having been the 1984 Democratic vice presidential nominee and had also run but lost in the Democratic primary in the 1992 U.S. Senate election in New York. Mark Green, New York City Public Advocate, and nominee in 1986 had been the Democratic nominee in the 1986 election, but lost in the general election to D'Amato.

At the start of 1998, Ferraro had done no fundraising, out of fear of conflict of interest with her job hosting the CNN program Crossfire , but was nonetheless perceived as the front-runner by virtue of her name recognition; [34] indeed, December and January polls had her 25 percentage points ahead of Green in the race and even further ahead of Schumer. [35] [36] Unlike her previous campaigns, Ferraro's family finances never became an issue in 1998. [35] However, she lost ground during the summer, with Schumer catching her in the polls by early August and then soon passing her. [37] Schumer, a tireless fundraiser, outspent her by a five-to-one margin, and Ferraro failed to establish a political image current with the times. [35] [38] In the September 15, 1998, primary, she was beaten soundly by Schumer with a 51 percent to 26 percent margin. [35] Unlike the bitter 1992 Democratic senatorial primary, this contest was not divisive, and Ferraro and third-place finisher Green endorsed Schumer at a unity breakfast the following day. [39]

The primaries were held on September 15, 1998.

Democratic primary for New York United States Senate election, 1998 [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Chuck Schumer 388,701 50.84%
Democratic Geraldine Ferraro 201,62526.37%
Democratic Mark J. Green 145,81919.07%
Democratic Eric Ruano-Melendez 28,4933.73%
Independence Party primary for New York United States Senate election, 1998 [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Independence (N.Y.) Chuck Schumer 2,562 58.04%
Independence (N.Y.) Mark Green 1,85241.96%
Right to Life Party primary for New York United States Senate election, 1998 [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Right to Life Al D'Amato 3,79863.07%
Right to Life Thomas Drolesky 2,22436.93%

During the general campaign, D'Amato attempted to brand Schumer as a diehard liberal, while Schumer accused D'Amato of being a liar. When D'Amato's first strategy failed, D'Amato attacked his opponent's attendance record as a member of Congress, which Schumer refuted. [43] [44]

Late in the campaign, D'Amato called Schumer a "putzhead" in a private meeting with Jewish supporters ("putz" is Yiddish for penis, and can be slang for "fool"). [45] The senator later apologized. [33]

In the last days of the campaign, D'Amato campaigned with popular Governor George Pataki, who was also running for re-election, and was also supported by New York City Mayor Rudy Giuliani and former Mayor Ed Koch (a Democrat) [45] Vice President Al Gore and First Lady Hillary Clinton personally campaigned for Schumer, as D'Amato was a prominent critic of President Bill Clinton [43] who led the investigation into Whitewater. [46] Though the Republican party was well organized, the Democratic party benefited from robocalls from President Clinton and mobilization from two big unions, United Federation of Teachers and 1199. [43]

Though D'Amato was effective in obtaining federal government funds for New York State projects during his Senate career, he failed to capitalize on this in the election. [43] Also, Schumer was a tenacious fund-raiser and was aggressive in his attacks. [46] The candidates spent $30 million during the race. [43]

The race was not close with Schumer defeating the incumbent D'Amato by just over 10%. D'Amato did win a majority of New York's counties, but his wins were in less populated areas. Schumer's win is attributed to strong performance in New York City. Schumer also performed well in heavily populated upstate cities, like Buffalo, Syracuse, Rochester, and Albany.

New York United States Senate election, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Chuck Schumer 2,386,314
Independence (N.Y.) Chuck Schumer 109,027
Liberal (N.Y.) Chuck Schumer 55,724
Total Chuck Schumer 2,551,06554.62%
Republican Al D'Amato 1,680,203
Conservative (N.Y.) Al D'Amato 274,220
Right to Life Party (New York) Al D'Amato 104,565
Total Al D'Amato (Incumbent)2,058,98844.08%
Marijuana Reform Party Corinne Kurtz 34,2810.73%
Green Joel Kovel 14,7350.32%
Libertarian William McMillen 8,2230.18%
Socialist Workers Rose Ana Berbeo 3,5130.08%
Majority
Turnout
Democratic gain from Republican
Per New York State law, Schumer and D'Amato totals include minor party line votes: Independence Party and Liberal Party for Schumer, Right to Life Party for D'Amato.

North Carolina

North Carolina election
Flag of North Carolina.svg
  1992
2004  
  John Edwards, official Senate photo portrait.jpg Lauch Faircloth.jpg
Nominee John Edwards Lauch Faircloth
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote1,029,237945,943
Percentage51.15%47.01%

NC senate 1998.PNG
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Lauch Faircloth
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

John Edwards
Democratic

Incumbent Republican Lauch Faircloth decided to seek re-election to a second term, but was unseated by Democrat John Edwards. [6]

In the Democratic primary, Edwards defeated D.G. Martin, Ella Scarborough, and several minor candidates. In the Republican primary, Faircloth easily defeated two minor candidates. [47]

North Carolina United States Senate election, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic John Edwards 1,029,237 51.15%
Republican Lauch Faircloth (Incumbent)945,94347.01%
Libertarian Barbara Howe 36,9631.84%
Majority83,2944.14%
Turnout 2,012,143

North Dakota

North Dakota election
Flag of North Dakota.svg
  1992
2004  
  Byron Dorgan official photo.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Byron Dorgan Donna Nalewaja
Party Democratic-NPL Republican
Popular vote134,74775,013
Percentage63.2%35.2%

ND Demo sweep.svg
County Results

U.S. Senator before election

Byron Dorgan
Democratic-NPL

Elected U.S. Senator

Byron Dorgan
Democratic-NPL

Incumbent NPL–Democrat Byron Dorgan won re-election to a second term. [48]

Republican Donna Nalewaja, State Senator's campaign focused on the suggestion that Dorgan had served in the United States Congress for nearly 20 years, and had accomplished relatively little. Dorgan and Nalewaja won the primary elections for their respective parties. McLain had previously run for North Dakota's other senate seat in 1980 against incumbent Mark Andrews.

1998 United States Senate election, North Dakota
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic-NPL Byron Dorgan (Incumbent) 134,747 63.16%
Republican Donna Nalewaja 75,01335.16%
Independent Harley McLain 3,5981.69%
Majority
Turnout 213,358

Ohio

Ohio election
Flag of Ohio.svg
  1992
2004  
  George Voinovich, official photo portrait, 2006.jpg No image.svg
Nominee George Voinovich Mary Boyle
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote1,922,0871,482,054
Percentage56.5%43.5%

Ohio US Senate Election Results by County, 1998.svg
County results

U.S. Senator before election

John Glenn
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

George Voinovich
Republican

Incumbent Democratic U.S Senator John Glenn decided to retire, instead of seeking a fifth term. Republican Governor George Voinovich won the open seat.

General election results [49]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican George V. Voinovich 1,922,087 56.5%
Democratic Mary Boyle 1,482,05443.5%

Oklahoma

Oklahoma election
Flag of Oklahoma (1988-2006).svg
  1992
2004  
  Don Nickles.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Don Nickles Don Carroll
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote570,682268,898
Percentage66.4%31.3%

U.S. Senator before election

Don Nickles
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Don Nickles
Republican

Incumbent Republican Don Nickles won re-election to his fourth term.

OK U.S. Senate Election, 1998 [50]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Don Nickles 570,682 66.4%
Democratic Don Carroll 268,89831.3%
Independent Mike Morris15,5161.8%
Independent Argus W. Jr. Yandell 4,6170.4%

Oregon

Oregon election
Flag of Oregon.svg
2004  
  Ron Wyden official portrait.jpg Johnlim.jpg
Nominee Ron Wyden John Lim
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote682,425377,739
Percentage61.1%33.8%

Oregon gubernatorial election, 1998.svg
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Ron Wyden
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Ron Wyden
Democratic

Incumbent Democratic Ron Wyden won re-election to his first full term, defeating Republican nominee John Lim, a state senator.

General election results [51]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Ron Wyden 682,425 61.05% +13.27%
Republican John Lim 377,73933.79%-12.47%
Pacific Green Karyn Moskowitz 22,0241.97%+1.37%
Libertarian Jim Brewster 18,2211.63%+0.32%
Natural Law Michael A. Campbell 8,3720.75%+0.75%
Socialist Dean M. Braa 7,5530.68%+.02%
Write-InMisc.1,4130.13%-1.12%
Majority304,68627.26%+25.74
Turnout 1,117,747
Democratic hold

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania election
Flag of Pennsylvania.svg
  1992
2004  
  Arlen Specter official portrait.jpg No image.svg
Nominee Arlen Specter Bill Lloyd
Party Republican Democratic
Popular vote1,814,1801,028,839
Percentage61.3%34.8%

Pennsylvania Senatorial Election Results by County, 1998.svg
County results

U.S. Senator before election

Arlen Specter
Republican

Elected U.S. Senator

Arlen Specter
Republican

Incumbent Republican Arlen Specter won re-election to a fourth term.

Leading up to this campaign, the state Democratic Party was in dire straits, as it was plagued by prior corruption allegations of several key legislators and by a lack of fund-raising. Just as in the accompanying gubernatorial race, the party had difficulty in finding a credible candidate. State Representative Bill Lloyd, State Representative, [52] who was a well-respected party leader but who had almost zero statewide name recognition, was considered[ by whom? ] to be a sacrificial lamb candidate. Specter ran a straightforward campaign and attempted to avoid mistakes, while Lloyd's bid was so underfunded that he was unable to air a single commercial until two weeks before the election. Lloyd's strategy was to portray Republicans as hyper-partisan in wake of their attempt to impeach President Bill Clinton, but he was unable to gain any traction with his message. On Election Day, Specter's win was by the second-largest margin in the history of Senate elections in Pennsylvania. Lloyd won in two counties: almost uniformly Democratic Philadelphia and his home county, rural and typically Republican Somerset County. [53]

General election results [6]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Arlen Specter 1,814,180 61.3%
Democratic Bill Lloyd 1,028,83934.8%
Constitution Dean Snyder 68,3772.3%
Libertarian Jack Iannantuono 46,1031.6%

South Carolina

South Carolina election
Flag of South Carolina.svg
  1992
2004  
  FritzHollings.jpg Rep. Bob Inglis, 109th Congress.jpg
Nominee Ernest Hollings Bob Inglis
Party Democratic Republican
Popular vote562,791488,132
Percentage52.68%45.69%

South Carolina 1998 Senate Election.png
County Results by margin of victory

U.S. Senator before election

Ernest Hollings
Democratic

Elected U.S. Senator

Ernest Hollings
Democratic

Incumbent Democrat Fritz Hollings won re-election to his sixth full term. As of 2016, this is the last Senate election in South Carolina won by a Democrat.

South Carolina U.S. Senate Election Primary, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Republican Bob Inglis 115,029 74.6%
Republican Stephen Brown33,53021.7%
Republican Elton Legrand 5,6343.7%

The race between Hollings and Bob Inglis, U.S. Representative gave the voters a choice of two very different visions of and for South Carolina. Hollings was from the Lowcountry, a face of the Old New South, and secured a large amount of federal funds for the state. On the other hand, Inglis came from the Upstate, was a face of the New New South, and opposed to pork barrel spending. Hollings viciously attacked Inglis on the campaign trail as a "goddamn skunk" and when Inglis requested that Hollings sign a pledge for campaign courtesy, Hollings replied that Inglis could "kiss his fanny." Inglis tried to tie Hollings to President Clinton, who had been tainted by the Lewinsky scandal.

Ultimately, Hollings won the race for four crucial reasons. First, Inglis refused to accept PAC donations which allowed Hollings to enjoy a huge financial advantage and blanket the state with his television advertisements. Secondly, Inglis came from the Upstate which already provided GOP majorities whereas Hollings came from the Lowcountry which was a key tossup region in the state. Thirdly, the voters two years prior in the 1996 Senate election had rewarded Strom Thurmond for his long service to the state and it was unlikely that they would then deny re-election to Hollings. Finally, the 1998 South Carolina GOP ticket was dragged down with unpopular Governor David Beasley at the top of the ticket who would go on to lose his re-election campaign to Jim Hodges.

South Carolina U.S. Senate Election, 1998
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Democratic Fritz Hollings 562,791 52.7% +2.6%