Western New Guinea campaign

Last updated
Western New Guinea campaign
Part of World War II, Pacific War
Australian infantry Danmap River 1945 (AWM 078054).jpg
Australian infantrymen resting on a river bank before attacking Japanese positions near Matapau in January 1945
Date22 April 1944 – 15 August 1945
Location
Result Allied victory
Belligerents
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg  United States
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Merchant flag of Japan (1870).svg  Japan
Strength
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
1,922+ killed or missing 8,000+ wounded 42,000+ dead and nearly 1,000 POWs

The Western New Guinea campaign was a series of actions in the New Guinea campaign of World War II. Dutch East Indies KNIL, United States and Australian forces assaulted Japanese bases and positions in the northwest coastal areas of Netherlands New Guinea and adjoining parts of the Australian Territory of New Guinea. The campaign began with Operations Reckless and Persecution, which were amphibious landings by the U.S. I Corps at Hollandia and Aitape on 22 April 1944. Fighting in western New Guinea continued until the end of the war.

Major battles and sub-campaigns

Bibliography

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Aitape Place in Sandaun Province, Papua New Guinea

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New Guinea campaign part of the Pacific Theater of World War II

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South West Pacific theatre of World War II

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Battle of Driniumor River World War II battle in New Guinea

The Battle of Driniumor River, also known as The Battle of Aitape, 10 July – 25 August 1944, was part of the Western New Guinea campaign of World War II. Japanese forces attacked United States forces on the Driniumor River, near Aitape in New Guinea. The battle should not be confused with Operation Persecution, which included amphibious landings near Aitape in April 1944, or the Aitape-Wewak campaign, which began in November. The Japanese referred to the Driniumor as the Hanto.

Markham and Ramu Valley – Finisterre Range campaign World War II military campaign

The Markham and Ramu Valley – Finisterre Range campaign, was a series of actions in the New Guinea campaign of World War II. The campaign began with an Allied offensive in the Ramu Valley, from 19 September 1943, and concluded when Allied troops entered Madang on 24 April 1944. During the campaign, Australian forces – supported by Australian and US aircraft – advanced through the Markham and Ramu Valleys during which there were minor clashes with Japanese forces, which withdrew towards their main defensive line in the Finisterre Range. The central geographical and strategic feature of the campaign was the imposing Shaggy Ridge, running north–south in the Finisterres; this was the scene of a climactic battle during which the Australians assaulted the Japanese positions in December 1943 and January 1944. Following the fighting around Shaggy Ridge, the Japanese withdrew towards the northern coast of New Guinea, where they were pursued by Australian and US forces advancing through the Finisterres and along the coast from Saidor. Following the capture of Madang, the Japanese eventually withdrew to Wewak where further fighting took place in 1944 and 1945.

Battle of Aitape Disambiguation page providing links to topics that could be referred to by the same search term

The name Battle of Aitape or Aitape campaign may refer to any one of three military actions in proximity to Aitape in the Western New Guinea campaign of 1944-45:

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Operations Reckless and Persecution were the Allied amphibious landings at Hollandia and Aitape, respectively, which commenced the Western New Guinea campaign. Both the Battle of Hollandia and the Landing at Aitape commenced on 22 April 1944.

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Landing at Aitape battle of the Western New Guinea campaign of World War II

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The Aitape–Wewak campaign was one of the final campaigns of the Pacific Theatre of World War II. Between November 1944 and the end of the war in August 1945, the Australian 6th Division, with air and naval support, fought the Imperial Japanese 18th Army in northern New Guinea. Considered a "mopping up" operation by the Australians, and although ultimately successful for them with the Japanese forces cleared from the coastal areas and driven inland, amidst difficult jungle conditions, casualties from combat and disease were high. With Japan on the verge of defeat, such casualties later led to the strategic necessity of the campaign being called into question.

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No. 71 Wing RAAF

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