|Active||September 1654 – 5 June 1967|
|Samuel Hood, Horatio Nelson, Andrew Cunningham|
The British Mediterranean Fleet also known as the Mediterranean Stationwas part of the Royal Navy. The Fleet was one of the most prestigious commands in the navy for the majority of its history, defending the vital sea link between the United Kingdom and the majority of the British Empire in the Eastern Hemisphere. The first Commander-in-Chief for the Mediterranean Fleet was the appointment of General at Sea Robert Blake in September 1654 (styled as Commander of the Mediterranean Fleet) the Fleet was in existence until 1967.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force. Although warships were used by the English kings from the early medieval period, the first major maritime engagements were fought in the Hundred Years War against the Kingdom of France. The modern Royal Navy traces its origins to the early 16th century; the oldest of the UK's armed services, it is known as the Senior Service.
The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913, the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24% of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread. At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.
General at Sea Robert Blake was one of the most important military commanders of the Commonwealth of England and one of the most famous English admirals of the 17th century, whose successes have "never been excelled, not even by Nelson" according to one biographer. Blake is recognised as the chief founder of England's naval supremacy, a dominance subsequently inherited by the British Royal Navy into the early 20th century. Despite this, due to deliberate attempts to expunge the Parliamentarians from history following the Restoration, Blake's achievements tend not to receive the full recognition that they deserve.
The Royal Navy gained a foothold in the Mediterranean Sea when Gibraltar was captured by the British in 1704 during the War of Spanish Succession, and formally allocated to Britain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht.Though the British had maintained a naval presence in the Mediterranean before, the capture of Gibraltar allowed the British to establish their first naval base there. The British also used Port Mahon, on the island of Menorca, as a naval base. However, British control there was only temporary; Menorca changed hands numerous times, and was permanently ceded to Spain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens. In 1800, the British took Malta, which was to be handed over to the Knights of Malta under the Treaty of Amiens. When the Napoleonic Wars resumed in 1803, the British kept Malta for use as a naval base. Following Napoleon's defeat, the British continued their presence in Malta, and turned it into the main base for the Mediterranean Fleet. Between the 1860s and 1900s, the British undertook a number of projects to improve the harbours and dockyard facilities, and Malta's harbours were sufficient to allow the entire fleet to be safely moored there.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula. It has an area of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi) and is bordered to the north by Spain. The landscape is dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar at the foot of which is a densely populated town area, home to over 30,000 people, primarily Gibraltarians.
The Capture of Gibraltar by Anglo-Dutch forces of the Grand Alliance occurred between 1 and 4 August 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession. Since the beginning of the war the Alliance had been looking for a harbour in the Iberian Peninsula to control the Strait of Gibraltar and facilitate naval operations against the French fleet in the western Mediterranean Sea. An attempt to seize Cádiz had ended in failure in September 1702, but following the Alliance fleet's successful raid in Vigo Bay in October that year, the combined fleets of the 'Maritime Powers', the Netherlands and England, had emerged as the dominant naval force in the region. This strength helped persuade King Peter II of Portugal to sever his alliance with France and Bourbon-controlled Spain, and ally himself with the Grand Alliance in 1703. Now with access to the Portuguese port of Lisbon the Alliance fleets could campaign in the Mediterranean, and conduct operations in support of the Austrian Habsburg candidate to the Spanish throne, the Archduke Charles, known to his supporters as Charles III of Spain.
Menorca or Minorca is one of the Balearic Islands located in the Mediterranean Sea belonging to Spain. Its name derives from its size, contrasting it with nearby Majorca.
In the last decade of the nineteenth century, the Mediterranean Fleet was the largest single squadron of the Royal Navy, with ten first-class battleships—double the number in the Channel Fleet—and a large number of smaller warships.
A squadron, or naval squadron, is a significant group of warships which is nonetheless considered too small to be designated a fleet. A squadron is typically a part of a fleet. Between different navies there are no clear defining parameters to distinguish a squadron from a fleet, and the size and strength of a naval squadron varies greatly according to the country and time period. Groups of small warships, or small groups of major warships, might instead be designated flotillas by some navies according to their terminology. Since the size of a naval squadron varies greatly, the rank associated with command of a squadron also varies greatly.
The Channel Fleet and originally known as the Channel Squadron was the Royal Navy formation of warships that defended the waters of the English Channel from 1854 to 1909 and 1914 to 1915.
On 22 June 1893, the bulk of the fleet, eight battleships and three large cruisers, were conducting their annual summer exercises off Tripoli, Lebanon, when the fleet's flagship, the battleship HMS Victoria, collided with the battleship HMS Camperdown. Victoria sank within fifteen minutes, taking 358 crew with her. Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon, commander of the Mediterranean Fleet, was among the dead.
A battleship is a large armored warship with a main battery consisting of large caliber guns. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the battleship was the most powerful type of warship, and a fleet of battleships was considered vital for any nation that desired to maintain command of the sea.
A cruiser is a type of warship. Modern cruisers are generally the largest ships in a fleet after aircraft carriers and amphibious assault ships, and can usually perform several roles.
Tripoli is the largest city in northern Lebanon and the second-largest city in the country. Situated 85 kilometers north of the capital Beirut, it is the capital of the North Governorate and the Tripoli District. Tripoli overlooks the eastern Mediterranean Sea, and it is the northernmost seaport in Lebanon. It holds a string of four small islands offshore, and they are also the only islands in Lebanon. The Palm Islands were declared a protected area because of their status of haven for endangered loggerhead turtles, rare monk seals and migratory birds.
Of the three original Invincible-class battlecruisers which entered service in the first half of 1908, two (Inflexible and Indomitable) joined the Mediterranean Fleet in 1914. They and Indefatigable formed the nucleus of the fleet at the start of the First World War when British forces pursued the German ships Goeben and Breslau.
The three Invincible-class battlecruisers were built for the Royal Navy and entered service in 1908 as the world's first battlecruisers. They were the brainchild of Admiral Sir John ("Jacky") Fisher, the man who had sponsored the construction of the world's first "all-big-gun" warship, HMS Dreadnought. He visualised a new breed of warship, somewhere between the armoured cruiser and battleship; it would have the armament of the latter, but the high speed of the former. This combination would allow it to chase down most ships, while allowing it to run from more powerful designs.
HMS Inflexible was an Invincible-class battlecruiser of the British Royal Navy. She was built before World War I and had an active career during the war. She tried to hunt down the German battlecruiser SMS Goeben and the light cruiser SMS Breslau in the Mediterranean Sea when war broke out and she and her sister ship Invincible sank the German armoured cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and SMS Gneisenau during the Battle of the Falkland Islands. Inflexible bombarded Turkish forts in the Dardanelles in 1915, but was damaged by return fire and struck a mine while maneuvering. She had to be beached to prevent her from sinking, but she was patched up and sent to Malta, and then Gibraltar for more permanent repairs. Transferred to the Grand Fleet afterwards, she damaged the German battlecruiser Lützow during the Battle of Jutland and watched Invincible explode. She was deemed obsolete after the war and was sold for scrap in 1921.
HMS Indomitable was one of three Invincible-class battlecruisers built for the Royal Navy before World War I and had an active career during the war. She tried to hunt down the German ships Goeben and Breslau in the Mediterranean when war broke out and bombarded Turkish fortifications protecting the Dardanelles even before the British declared war on Turkey. She helped to sink the German armoured cruiser Blücher during the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1915 and towed the damaged British battlecruiser HMS Lion to safety after the battle. She damaged the German battlecruisers Seydlitz and Derfflinger during the Battle of Jutland in mid-1916 and watched her sister ship HMS Invincible explode. Deemed obsolete after the war, she was sold for scrap in 1921.
A recently modernised Warspite became the flagship of the Commander-in-Chief and Second-in-Command, Mediterranean Fleet in 1926.
HMS Warspite was a Queen Elizabeth-class battleship built for the Royal Navy during the early 1910s. Her thirty-year career covered both world wars and took her across the Atlantic, Indian, Arctic and Pacific Oceans. She participated in the Battle of Jutland during the First World War as part of the Grand Fleet. Other than that battle, and the inconclusive Action of 19 August, her service during the war generally consisted of routine patrols and training in the North Sea.
Malta, as part of the British Empire from 1814, was a shipping station and was the headquarters for the Mediterranean Fleet until the mid-1930s. Due to the perceived threat of air-attack from the Italian mainland, the fleet was moved to Alexandria, Egypt shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War.
Sir Andrew Cunningham took command of the fleet from Warspite on 3 September 1939, and under him the major formations of the Fleet were the 1st Battle Squadron (Warspite, Barham, and Malaya) 1st Cruiser Squadron (Devonshire, Shropshire, and Sussex), 3rd Cruiser Squadron (Arethusa, Penelope, Galatea), Rear Admiral John Tovey, with the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th Destroyer Flotillas, and the aircraft carrier Glorious.
In 1940, the Mediterranean Fleet carried out a successful aircraft carrier attack on the Italian Fleet at Taranto by air. Other major actions included the Battle of Cape Matapan and the Battle of Crete. The Fleet had to block Italian and later German reinforcements and supplies for the North African Campaign.
In October 1946, Saumarez hit a mine in the Corfu Channel, starting a series of events known as the Corfu Channel Incident. The channel was cleared in "Operation Recoil" the next month, involving 11 minesweepers under the guidance of Ocean, two cruisers, three destroyers, and three frigates. 154:
In May 1948, Sir Arthur Power took over as Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean, and in his first act arranged a show of force to discourage the crossing of Jewish refugees into Palestine. When later that year Britain pulled out of the British Mandate of Palestine, Ocean, four destroyers, and two frigates escorted the departing High Commissioner, aboard the cruiser Euryalus. The force stayed to cover the evacuation of British troops into the Haifa enclave and south via Gaza.
From 1952 to 1967, the post of Commander in Chief Mediterranean Fleet was given a dual-hatted role as NATO Commander in Chief of Allied Forces Mediterranean in charge of all forces assigned to NATO in the Mediterranean Area. The British made strong representations within NATO in discussions regarding the development of the Mediterranean NATO command structure, wishing to retain their direction of NATO naval command in the Mediterranean to protect their sea lines of communication running through the Mediterranean to the Middle East and Far East. 261When a NATO naval commander, Admiral Robert B. Carney, C-in-C Allied Forces Southern Europe, was appointed, relations with the incumbent British C-in-C, Admiral Sir John Edelsten, were frosty. Edlesten, on making an apparently friendly offer of the use of communications facilities to Carney, who initially lacked secure communications facilities, was met with "I'm not about to play Faust to your Mephistopheles through the medium of communications!" :
In 1956, ships of the fleet, together with the French Navy, took part in the Suez War against Egypt.
From 1957 to 1959, Rear Admiral Charles Madden held the post of Flag Officer Malta, with responsibilities for three squadrons of minesweepers, an amphibious warfare squadron, and a flotilla of submarines stationed at the bases around Valletta Harbour. In this capacity, he had to employ considerable diplomatic skill to maintain good relations with Dom Mintoff, the nationalistic prime minister of Malta.
In the 1960s, as the importance of maintaining the link between the United Kingdom and British territories and commitments East of Suez decreased as the Empire was dismantled, and the focus of Cold War naval responsibilities moved to the North Atlantic, the Mediterranean Fleet was gradually drawn down, finally disbanding in June 1967. Eric Grove, in Vanguard to Trident, details how by the mid-1960s the permanent strength of the Fleet was "reduced to a single small escort squadron [appears to have been 30th Escort Squadron with HMS Brighton, HMS Cassandra, HMS Aisne plus another ship] and a coastal minesweeper squadron." :297 Deployments to the Beira Patrol and elsewhere reduced the escort total in 1966 from four to two ships, and then to no frigates at all. The Fleet's assets and area of responsibility were absorbed into the new Western Fleet. As a result of this change, the UK relinquished the NATO post of Commander in Chief, Allied Forces Mediterranean, which was abolished.
Note: This list is incomplete. The majority of officers listed were appointed as Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Sea sometimes Commander-in-Chief, at the Mediterranean Sea earlier officers appointed to command either fleets/squadrons stationed in the Mediterranean for particular operations were styled differently see notes next to their listing
|General at Sea: Robert Blake||September 1654||August 1657||(styled as Commander of the Fleet for the Mediterranean and Commander of the Mediterranean Fleet)|
|Admiral of the Blue: Sir Thomas Allin||1668||1669|
|Admiral of the Blue: Sir George Rooke||August 1695||1696|
|Vice-Admiral: John Neville||November 1696||August 1697||HMS Cambridge|
|Admiral of the Fleet: Sir Cloudesley Shovell||May 1705||1707||HMS Britannia||(styled as Commander British Mediterranean Fleet and commanding operations in the Mediterranean in 1707)|
|Admiral of the white: Sir John Leake||January 1707||1708|
|Admiral of the White: George Byng||1708||(styled as Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Squadron)|
|Admiral of the Blue: Sir John Norris||December 1709||1710|
|Admiral of the White: Sir John Jennings||November 1710||1711||HMS Blenheim|
|Admiral of the White Sir James Wishart||December 1713||1714||HMS Rippon|
|Vice-Admiral of the Blue: John Baker||February 1714||1715||HMS Lion|
|Vice-Admiral of the Blue: Charles Cornewall||October 1716||1717|
|Admiral of the White: George Byng||June 1718||1720||(styled as Commander of the British Mediterranean Fleet)|
|Rear-Admiral of the White: Hon. George Clinton||April 1737|
|Rear-Admiral of the Red: Nicholas Haddock||May 1738||December 1741|
|Rear-Admiral of the White: Richard Lestock||November 1741||December 1741||HMS Neptune|
|Vice-Admiral of the Red: Thomas Mathews||March 1742|
|Vice-admiral of the White: Richard Lestock||December 1743||1744|
|Vice-Admiral of the Blue: William Rowley||June 1744||July 1745||HMS Neptune|
|Vice-Admiral of the White: Henry Medley||July 1745||August 1747||HMS Russell|
|Vice-Admiral of the Blue: Hon.John Byng||September 1747||August 1748||HMS Princess|
|Rear-Admiral of the White: John Forbes||August 1748||1749||(as Commander-in-Chief in the Mediterranean)|
|Rear-Admiral of the Blue: Charles Saunders||January 1757||May 1757|
The first Commander-in-Chief for the Mediterranean Fleet may have been named as early as 1665.
|Vice-Admiral Henry Osborn||May 1757||April 1760|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Saunders||April 1760||1763|
|Vice-Admiral Augustus Hervey||1763||?|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Spry||1766||1769|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Howe||1770||1774|
|Vice-Admiral Robert Man||1774||1778|
|Vice-Admiral Robert Duff||1778||1780|
|Vice-Admiral Sir John Lindsay||1783||1784|
|Vice-Admiral Phillips Cosby||1785||1789|
|Rear-Admiral Joseph Peyton||1789||1792|
|Rear-Admiral Samuel Granston Goodall||1792||1793|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Samuel Hood||February 1793||October 1794|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Hotham||October 1794||November 1795|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Jervis||1796||1799|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Keith||November 1799||1802|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Nelson||May 1803||January 1805||Died after Battle of Trafalgar|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Collingwood||1805||1810|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Cotton||1810||1811|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Pellew||1811||1814|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Penrose||1814||1815|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Exmouth||1815||1816|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Penrose||1816||1818|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas Fremantle||1818||1820|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Graham Moore||1820||1823|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Harry Burrard-Neale||1823||1826|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Codrington||1826||1828|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm||1828||1831|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Henry Hotham||30 March 1831||19 April 1833||Died 19 April 1833|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Pulteney Malcolm||3 May 1833||18 December 1833|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Josias Rowley||18 December 1833||9 February 1837|
|Admiral Sir Robert Stopford||9 February 1837||14 October 1841|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Owen||14 October 1841||27 February 1845|
|Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker||27 February 1845||13 July 1846||Parker was briefly First Naval Lord in July 1846 but requested permission to return to the Mediterranean on ground of his health.|
|Vice-Admiral Sir William Parker||24 July 1846||17 January 1852|
|Rear-Admiral Sir James Dundas||17 January 1852||1854||Vice-Adm. 17 December 1852|
|Rear-Admiral Sir Edmund Lyons||1854||22 February 1858||Vice-Adm. 19 March 1857|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Arthur Fanshawe||22 February 1858||19 April 1860||Marlborough|
|Vice-Admiral Sir William Martin||19 April 1860||20 April 1863||Marlborough|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Smart||20 April 1863||28 April 1866||Marlborough then Victoria|
|Vice-Admiral Lord Clarence Paget||28 April 1866||28 April 1869||Victoria then Caledonia|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Alexander Milne||28 April 1869||25 October 1870||Lord Warden||Adm. 1 April 1870|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Hastings Yelverton||25 October 1870||13 January 1874||Lord Warden|
|Vice-Admiral Sir James Drummond||13 January 1874||15 January 1877||Lord Warden then Hercules|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Geoffrey Hornby||5 January 1877||5 February 1880||Alexandra||Adm. 15 June 1879|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Beauchamp Seymour||5 February 1880||7 February 1883||Inconstant and Alexandra||Adm. 6 May 1882|
|Vice-Admiral Lord John Hay||7 February 1883||5 February 1886||Alexandra||Adm. 8 July 1884|
|Vice-Admiral H.R.H. the Duke of Edinburgh||5 February 1886||11 March 1889||Alexandra :222||Adm. 18 October 1887|
|Vice-Admiral Sir Anthony Hoskins||11 March 1889||20 August 1891|| Alexandra Mar 89 – Dec 89|
Camperdown Dec 89 – May 90
Victoria May 90 onwards :222, 320, 336
|Adm. 20 June 1891|
|Vice-Admiral Sir George Tryon||20 August 1891||22 June 1893||Victoria||Died in commission; lost in Victoria|
|Admiral Sir Michael Culme-Seymour||29 June 1893||10 November 1896||Ramillies :362|
|Admiral Sir John Hopkins||10 November 1896||1 July 1899||Ramillies >|
|Admiral Sir John Fisher||1 July 1899||4 June 1902||Renown|
|Admiral Sir Compton Domvile||4 June 1902||June 1905||Bulwark|
|Admiral Lord Charles Beresford||appointed 1 May 1905|
assumed command 6 June 1905
|Admiral Sir Charles Drury||appointed 5 March 1907|
assumed command 27 March 1907
|Admiral Sir Assheton Curzon-Howe||appointed 20 November 1908|
assumed command 20 November 1908
|Admiral Sir Edmund Poë||appointed 30 April 1910|
assumed command 30 April 1910
|Admiral Sir Berkley Milne :287, 289, 422||appointed 1 June 1912|
assumed command 12 June 1912
|27 August 1914||Inflexible|
|During World War I plans were put in place to separate the Mediterranean into specific areas of responsibility. The British were charged with responsibility for Gibraltar, Malta, Egyptian coast, and Aegean in August 1917 Vice Admiral Somerset Gough-Calthorpe became CinC, MF commanding all British forces in the Mediterranean. Overall allied command would remain under the control of the Allied Commander in Chief, who was the head of the French Navy. Vice-Admiral Somerset Gough-Calthorpe was also responsible for coordinating other allied forces in Mediterranean. British forces were divided into a number of sub-commands namely Gibraltar, Malta, the British Adriatic Squadron, the British Aegean Squadron, the Egypt Division and Red Sea and the Black Sea and Marmora Force. Post titles have been put in bold in the notes column.|
|Admiral Sir Somerset Gough-Calthorpe :323 :80||26 August 1917||25 July 1919||Superb||Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean|
|Vice Admiral Sir John de Robeck :85 & 94||26 July 1919||14 May 1922||Iron Duke|
|Vice Admiral Sir Osmond Brock :92||15 May 1922||7 June 1925||Iron Duke||Admiral 31 July 1924|
|Admiral Sir Roger Keyes||8 June 1925||7 June 1928||Warspite|
|Admiral Sir Frederick Field||8 June 1928||28 May 1930||Queen Elizabeth :121|
|Admiral Sir Ernle Chatfield||27 May 1930||31 October 1932||Queen Elizabeth|
|Admiral Sir William Fisher||31 October 1932||19 March 1936||Resolution later Queen Elizabeth :121 & 123|
|Admiral Sir Dudley Pound :140||20 March 1936||31 May 1939||Queen Elizabeth|
|During World War II, the Mediterranean Station was split between commands some of the time. Post titles in the notes column.|
|Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham||1 June 1939|
6 June 1939
|March 1942|| Warspite August 1939|
HMS St Angelo (base, Malta) April 1940
Warspite February 1941
|Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet. Vice-Admiral Cunningham was given acting rank of Admiral on 1 June 1930, and promoted to Admiral on 3 January 1941.|
|Admiral Sir Henry Harwood||22 April 1942||February 1943||Warspite|
HMS Nile (base, Alexandria) Aug 1942
|Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet. Vice-Admiral Harwood was given acting rank of Admiral.|
|Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham||1 November 1942||20 February 1943||HMS Hannibal (base, Algiers)||Naval Commander Expeditionary Force (NCXF) North Africa and Mediterranean|
|In the February 1943 the Mediterranean Fleet Command was divided into a command of ships and a command of ports & naval bases: |
Mediterranean Fleet: Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet, 15th Cruiser Squadron, Cdre. (D)
Levant: Commander-in-Chief, Levant, Alexandria, Malta, Port Said, Haifa, Bizerta, Tripoli, Mersa Matruh, Benghazi, Aden, Bone, Bougie, Philippeville
Levant Command was renamed Levant and Eastern Mediterranean Command in late December 1943.
|Admiral of the Fleet Sir Andrew Cunningham||20 February 1943||15 October 1943||HMS Hannibal (base, Algiers/Taranto)||Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet.|
|Admiral Sir John Cunningham||15 October 1943||February 1946||HMS Hannibal (base, Algiers/Taranto)||Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Station & Allied Naval Commander Mediterranean|
|Admiral Sir Algernon Willis||1946||1948||HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)|
|Admiral Sir Arthur Power||1948||1950||HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)||Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean|
|Admiral Sir John Edelsten||1950||1952||HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)||Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean|
|Admiral Earl Mountbatten of Burma||1952||1954||HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)||Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean|
|Admiral Sir Guy Grantham||10 Dec 1954||10 Apr 57||HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)|
|Vice Admiral Sir Ralph Edwards||10 Apr 57||11 Nov 58||HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)|
|Admiral Sir Charles Lambe||11 Nov 58||2 Feb 59||HMS Phoenicia (base, Malta)|
|Admiral Sir Alexander Bingley||2 Feb 59||30 Jun 61||HMS Phoenicia (base, Malta)|
|Admiral Sir Deric Holland-Martin||30 Jun 61||1 Feb 64||HMS Phoenicia (base, Malta)|
|Admiral Sir John Hamilton :297||1 Feb 1964||5 June 1967||HMS St Angelo (base, Malta)|
The Chief of Staff was the principal staff officer (PSO), who is the coordinator of the supporting staff or a primary aide-de-camp to the Commander-in-Chief.
|Chief of Staff Mediterranean Fleet||1893 to 1967|
|Additional Chief of Staff, Mediterranean Fleet||1943 to 1944|
The Mediterranean Fleets shore headquarters was initially based at Port Mahon Dockyard, Minorca for most of the eighteenth century. It rotated between Gibraltar and Malta from 1791 to 1812. From 1813 to July 1939 it was permanently at Malta Dockyard. In August 1939 the C-in-C Mediterranean Fleet moved his HQ afloat on board HMS Warspite until April 1940. He was then back onshore at Malta until February 1941. He transferred it again to HMS Warspite until July 1942. In August 1942 headquarters were moved Alexandria from June 1940 to February 1943. HQ was changed again but this time in rotation between Algiers and Taranto until June 1944.It then moved back to Malta until it was abolished in 1967.
|In command unit or formation||Date/s||Notes/Ref|
|Second-in-Command, Mediterranean Fleet||1861-1939|
|Vice-Admiral Commanding, Light Forces and Second-in-Command Mediterranean Fleet||1940-1942|
|Vice-Admiral (D) Commanding, Mediterranean Fleet Destroyers||1922 to 1965|
|Flag Officer, Air and Second-in-Command, Mediterranean Fleet||1947-1958|
|Flag Officer, Mediterranean Aircraft Carriers||1940 to 1943|
|Rear-Admiral (D) Commanding, Mediterranean Fleet Destroyers||1922 to 1965|
|Rear-Admiral, Mediterranean Fleet||1903 to 1905|
|Commodore (D) Commanding, Mediterranean Fleet Destroyers||1922 to 1965|
Note: At various times included the following.
|In command of unit or formation||Date/s||Notes and Ref|
|Admiral Superintendent Malta||1832 to 1934|
|Commodore, Adriatic Patrols||1915 to 1918|
|Commodore-in-Charge, Algiers||December 1942 to February 1943|
|Commodore Commanding, British Adriatic Force||1917 to 1919|
|Commodore Commanding, Red Sea Division||1884 to 1885|
|Flag Officer Commanding Force H||1940 to 1941|
|Flag Officer Commanding, Red Sea and Canal Area||May 1942 to February 1943|
|Flag Officer, Gibraltar||1902 to 1939, 1946 to 1967|
|Flag Officer, Gibraltar and North Atlantic||May to November 1939|
|Flag Officer, Gibraltar and Mediterranean Approaches||1943 to 1946|
|Flag Officer, Levant and East Mediterranean||1944 to 1946|
|Flag Officer, Malta||1934 to 1943, 1946 to 1963|
|Flag Officer, Malta and Central Mediterranean||1943 to 1946|
|Flag Officer, Red Sea||October 1941 to May 1942|
|Flag Officer, Western Mediterranean||July 1944 to May 1945|
|Rear-Admiral, Alexandria||1939 to 1944|
|Rear-Admiral, Egypt and Red Sea||1917 to 1920|
|Rear-Admiral, Training Establishment Mediterranean||May to August 1942|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding 1st Cruiser Squadron||1914 to 1915, 1924 to 1939, 1947 to 1955|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding 2nd Cruiser Squadron||1946 to 1947|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, 3rd Cruiser Squadron||1939 to 1941|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, 6th Cruiser Squadron||1910 to 1912|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, 12th Cruiser Squadron||1942 to 1943|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, 15th Cruiser Squadron||1942 to 1944|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, Black Sea, Caspian Sea and Sea of Marmora||1918 to 1919|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, British Adriatic Squadron||1915 to 1917|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, British Aegean Squadron||1917 to 1918|
|Rear-Admiral Commanding, Mediterranean Cruiser Squadron||1912|
|Rear-Admiral, Second-in-Command, Eastern Mediterranean Squadron||1915 to 1918|
|Senior British Naval Officer, Suez Canal Area||1939 to 1942|
|Senior Naval Officer-in-Charge, Suez||1941 to 1942|
|Senior Naval Officer, Mudros||1915 to 1918|
|Vice-Admiral Commanding 1st Battle Squadron||1939 to 1941|
|Vice-Admiral Commanding, 2nd Aircraft Carrier Squadron||1947 to 1951|
|Vice-Admiral Commanding, Battlecruiser Squadron||1947 to 1951|
|Vice-Admiral Commanding, Eastern Mediterranean Squadron||1937 to 1939|
|Vice-Admiral-in-Charge, Malta||1937 to 1941|
Parts of the Admiral of Patrols' Auxiliary Patrol during World War One were within the Mediterranean. Several patrol zones were under British authority.
Note: At various times included the following.
|In command of unit or formation||Date/s||Notes and Ref|
|Principal Naval Transport Officer, Mudros||31 August, 1915 – 20 January, 1916||Commodore-in-Command|
|Principal Naval Transport Officer, Salonika||20 January, 1916 – June, 1916||Commodore-in-Command|
|Aden||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Aden||1935 to 1938|
|Alexandria||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Cyprian Ports||1941 to 1943|
|Bone||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Bone||January to February 1943|
|Bougie||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Bougie||January to February 1943|
|Brindisi||British Senior Naval Officer, Brindisi||1916 to 1918|
|Genoa||Senior Naval Officer, Genoa||1919|
|Gibraltar||Senior Officer, Gibraltar||1889 to 1902|
|Haifa||Naval Officer in Charge, Haifa||1935 to 1939|
|Haifa||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Palestinian Ports||1940 to 1943|
|Mersa Matruh||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Mersa Matruh||1941 to 1943|
|Mudros||Captain of Base, Mudros||1918 to 1920|
|Phillippeville||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Phillippeville||January to February 1943|
|Port Said||Naval Officer-in-Charge, Port Said||December, 1916 to February 1943|
|Salonika||Divisional Naval Transport Officer, Salonika||26 January, 1917 to 16 April, 1919|
|Taranto||Senior Naval Officer, Taranto||December, 1918 to March 1919|
|Trieste||Naval Transport Officer in Charge, Trieste||January 1916 to December 1918|
The Home Fleet was a fleet of the Royal Navy that operated in the United Kingdom's territorial waters from 1902 with intervals until 1967. Before the First World War, it consisted of the four Port Guard ships. During the First World War, it comprised some of the older ships of the Royal Navy. During the Second World War, it was the Royal Navy's main battle force in European waters.
The Atlantic Fleet was a major fleet formation of the Royal Navy. There have been two main formations in the Royal Navy officially called the Atlantic Fleet. The first was created in 1909 and lasted until 1914. The second lasted from 1919 until 1932.
The Battle Cruiser Fleet, (BCF) and later known as Battle Cruiser Force was a naval formation of fast Battlecruisers of the Royal Navy from 1915 to 1919.
The First Cruiser Squadron was a Royal Navy squadron of cruisers that saw service as part of the Grand Fleet during the World War I then later as part of the Mediterranean during the Interwar period and World War II it first established in 1904 and existed until 1952.
Admiral Sir Francis William Sullivan, 6th Baronet KCB CMG was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope Station.
The Second Fleet was a reserve formation of the Royal Navy that briefly existed before the First World War.
The British Adriatic Squadron, or simply the Adriatic Squadron and later known as the British Adriatic Force, was a sub-command of the Mediterranean Fleet during World War I based at Taranto from 1915–19.
The Flag Officer-in-Charge, Humber was the naval commander who administered the Humber Station also called the Humber Area a military formation of the Royal Navy located at Immingham and Grimsby, Lincolnshire, England. In World War One it was a sub-command of the Admiral of Patrols from 1914 to 1916. then the Nore Station until 1921. In World War Two it was part of the Nore Command under the Commander-in-Chief, The Nore from 1939 to 1945.
The 1st Destroyer Flotilla also styled as First Destroyer Flotilla was a naval formation of the British Royal Navy from 1909 to 1940 and again from 1947 to 1951.
The Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf was a Royal Navy command appointment who was responsible for administering the Persian Gulf Station military formation including its establishments and naval forces known as the Persian Gulf Squadron later called the Persian Gulf Division. Initially located at Basidu, Qishm Island in Persia, then Henjam Island, Persia, (1911-1935) and finally Ras Al-Jufair, Bahrain from 1935 to 1972.
The14th Destroyer Flotilla also known as the Fourteenth Destroyer Flotilla was a naval formation of the British Royal Navy from April 1916 to 11 February 1919 and again from 1 June 1940 to January 1944.
The Eastern Mediterranean Squadron and later known as the British Aegean Squadron was a sub- command of the Mediterranean Fleet based at Mudros from 1914 to 1916 then alternating between Mudros and Salonika from 1917 to 1919.
The Red Sea Station was one of the geographical divisions into which the Royal Navy divided its worldwide responsibilities. At various times it has also been referred to as Red Sea Division, Egypt Division and Red Sea and later the Red Sea and Canal Area it operated from 1846 until 1959 when it was unified with the Persian Gulf Station to create the Arabian Seas and Persian Gulf Station.
In the Royal Navy, a principal naval transport officer (P.N.T.O.) later known as principal sea transport officer (P.S.T.O.) is a shore-based flag officer or captain responsible for sea transport duties, and to assist the senior naval officer's area of command in the preparation of naval orders and conduct disembarkations.. The rank was also in use in British Dominion Navies.
In the Royal Navy, a Divisional Transport Officer (DTO) or a Divisional Naval Transport Officer (DNTO) and later called a Divisional Sea Transport Officer (DSTO) is a shore-based naval officer responsible for the efficient working of the transports and boats of the flotilla, division or squadron under his charge.
The Black Sea and Caspian Squadron also known as the Black Sea and Marmora Force and the Black Sea and Marmora Division was naval formation of the British Mediterranean Fleet from 1918 to 1919.
The White Sea Station was a naval station of the British Royal Navy headquartered at Archangel, Russian Empire from 1917 to 1919. The station was commanded by the Rear-Admiral Commanding in the White Sea later the Senior Naval Officer, White Sea.
The Chief of Staff, Mediterranean Fleet also formally known as Chief of Staff to the Commander-in-Chief Mediterranean Fleet and originally called Flag Captain, Mediterranean Fleet. was a senior British Royal Navy appointment. He was the commander-in-chiefs primary aide-de-camp providing administrative support from October 1893 to 1967.