Music of Bangladesh

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The music of Bangladesh spans a wide variety of styles. Bangladesh claims some of the most renowned singers, composers and producers in Asia. Music has served the purpose of documenting the lives of the people and was widely patronized by the rulers. It comprises a long tradition of religious and regular song-writing over a period of almost a millennium.


Classical music

Nazrul sangeet origins from the works of Kazi Nazrul Islam Kazi Nazrul Islam at studio.gif
Nazrul sangeet origins from the works of Kazi Nazrul Islam

Ragapradhan Gaan

Bangladeshi classical music is based on modes called ragas . In composing these songs, the melodies of north Indian ragas are used. As far as the Charyagiti (9th century), ragas have been used in Bengali music. Jaydev’s Gitagovindam, Padavali Kirtan, Mangal Giti, Shyamasangit, Tappa, Brahma Sangeet and Tagore songs have been inspired by Ragas. The use of north Indian ragas in Bangla songs began in 18th century. [1] This trend gathered momentum during the 19th and 20th centuries. The pioneers of these trend were Ramnidhi Gupta, Kali Mirza, Raghunath Roy and the founder of the Bishnupur Gharana, Ramshanker Bhattacharya. [2] Nawab of Lakhnau, Wajid Ali Shah played an important role in this trend. He was dethroned by the British empire in 1856 and banished to Metiaburuz, Kolkata. During his 30-year exile, he patronized music, specially dhrupad, tappa, thumri and kheyal. And, thus made a lasting impact on Bangladeshi music. [3] All traditional Bengali music tend to be based on various variations of Hindustani Classical Music. Rabindranath Tagore had a deep appreciation for north Indian ragas, successfully introduced ragas in his songs. He was followed by Dwijendralal Roy, Rajanikanta Sen and Atulprasad Sen. [4] [5] [6] [7]

Folk music

Painting depicting Hason Raja. Hason Raja.jpg
Painting depicting Hason Raja.

Folk has come to occupy the lives of Bangladeshis almost more than any other genre of Bengali music. Among the luminaries of the different folk traditions are Lalon Fokir, Shah Abdul Karim, Radharaman Dutta, Hason Raja, Khursheed Nurali (Sheerazi), Ramesh Shil, Kari Amir Uddin Ahmed and Abbas Uddin. Folk songs are characterised by simple musical structure and words. Before the advent of radio, entertainment in the rural areas relied on a large extent on stage performances by folk singers. With the arrival of new communication technologies and digital media, many folk songs were modernised and incorporated into modern songs (Adhunik songeet).

Folk music can be classified into several subgenres:


Baul is the most commonly known category of Bangladeshi folk songs. It is mostly performed by hermits who are followers of Sufism in Bangladesh. Present day Sufis earn mainly from performing their music. Baul songs incorporate simple words expressing songs with deeper meanings involving creation, society, lifestyle and human emotions. The songs are performed with very little musical support to the main carrier, the vocal. Instruments used include the Ektara ("one-string"), Dotara ("two-strings"), ba(n)shi (country flute made from bamboo) and cymbals. In recent times[ when? ], Baul geeti has lost popularity, due to urbanisation and westernisation.

রবীন্দ্র সঙ্গীত (Music of Robindra)

Rabindra Sangeet (Bengali : রবীন্দ্রসঙ্গীতRobindro shonggit, Bengali pronunciation:  [ɾobindɾo ʃoŋɡit] ), also known as Tagore Songs, are songs written and composed by Rabindranath Tagore. They have distinctive characteristics in the music of Bengal, popular in India and Bangladesh. [12] "Sangeet" means music, "Rabindra Sangeet" means Songs of Rabindra.

Rabindra Sangeet used Indian classical music and traditional folk music as sources. [13]

নজরুল গীতি (Music of Nazrul)

Nazrul Geeti or Nazrul Sangeet, literally "music of Nazrul," are songs written and composed by Kazi Nazrul Islam, a Bengali poet and national poet of Bangladesh and active revolutionary during the Indian Independence Movement. Nazrul Sangeet incorporate revolutionary notions as well as more spiritual, philosophical and romantic themes.

শাহ আবদুল করিম (Music of Shah Abdul Karim)

Shah Abdul Karim known as "Baul Samrat" or king of baul music, he has composed over 1600 baul songs, some of his notable songs include Keno Piriti Baraila Re Bondhu, Murshid Dhono He Kemone Chinibo Tomare, Nao Banailo Banailo Re Kon Mestori, Ashi Bole Gelo Bondhu and Mon Mojale Ore Bawla Gaan. He referred to his compositions as Baul Gaan. He holds voice against unfairness, injustice, prejudice and communalism through his writings. Karim portraits Bhati area’s people love, wish and happiness amid the writings. He got inspiration from another legendary musician Fakir Lalon Shah. Karim wrote many spiritual songs including Marfati or Dehatatta. Bangla Academy has translated ten songs of his in the English language. Karim wrote many spiritual songs including Marfati or Dehatatta. Bangla Academy has translated ten songs of his in English.

লালন গীতি (Music of Lalon)

Lalon also known as Fakir Lalon Shah,Lalon Shah,Lalon Fakir. Lalon composed numerous songs and poems, which describe his philosophy. Lalon left no written copies of his songs, which were transmitted orally and only later transcribed by his followers. Also, most of his followers could not read or write either, so few of his songs are found in written form.


Popular Rock Bands
FormedNameGenreLanguageCity of origin
1973 Souls Pop/Rock Bengali Chittagong
Uccharon Dhaka
1972 Spondan
1976 Feedback Rock music
1978 Miles Pop/Rock
1980 Nagar Baul Hard rock, psychedelic rock Chittagong
1980s Different Touch Pop/Rock Khulna
1984 Warfaze Hard rock, heavy metal music Chittagong
1985 Obscure Pop and rockKhulna
1985 Rockstrata Heavy Metal Dhaka
1986 Nova Rock music, Hard rock, Psychedelic rock
1991 Love Runs Blind Alternative rock Chittagong
Ark Pop rock
1993 Cryptic Fate Progressive metal Dhaka
1996 Shironamhin Folk music, alternative rock, psychedelic rock
Dalchhut Rock music
1998 Aurthohin Rock music, Heavy Metal
Black Rock music, alternative rock, grunge
Poizon Green Thrash/Power MetalEnglish
1999 Artcell Progressive metal, progressive rock Bangla
Scarecrow Thrash Metal, metal core
Nemesis Alternative rock
2000 Lalon Rock
2001 Stentorian Hard rock, heavy metal
Vibe Heavy Metal
Satanik Black MetalEnglish
2002 Arbovirus Experimental music, alternative rock, Nu metal Bangla
2004 Severe Dementia Death MetalEnglish
Funeral Anthem Power MetalBangla
2005Shohortoli Theatrical rock
2006 De-illumination Symphonic rock, symphonic metal
Mechanix Heavy Metal
Powersurge Thrash Metal
2007ShunnoPop rock
Tribe Acid Rock/Metal
Bishorgo Rock Chittagong
Sent Men Revolt Spiritual Thrash, Thrash, Heavy Metal Dhaka
GrooveTrap [14] [15] Funk, R&B, SoulEnglish


Tamak (r.) and Tumdak (l.) - typical drums of the Santhal people, photographed in a village in Dinajpur district, Bangladesh. Tamak and Tumdak 01.jpg
Tamak (r.) and Tumdak (l.) - typical drums of the Santhal people, photographed in a village in Dinajpur district, Bangladesh.

Common instruments are:

See also

Related Research Articles

Amar Sonar Bangla National anthem of Bangladesh

"Amar Sonar Bangla", also pronounced "Amar Shonar Bangla", is the national anthem of Bangladesh. An ode to Mother Bengal, the lyrics was written by Bengali polymath Rabindranath Tagore in 1905 while the melody of the hymn was adopted from the Baul singer Gagan Harkara's song "Ami Kothay Pabo Tare" set to Dadra Tala. The modern instrumental rendition was arranged by Samar Das.


The Baul or Bauls are a group of mystic minstrels or bards of mixed elements of Sufism and Sahaja from Bengal region, comprising Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Barak Valley of Assam. Bauls constitute both a syncretic religious sect and a musical tradition. Bauls are a very heterogeneous group, with many sects, but their membership mainly consists of Vaishnava-Sahajiyas and Sufi Muslims. They can often be identified by their distinctive clothes and musical instruments. Lalon Shah is regarded as the most celebrated Baul saint in history.

Music of Bengal

Bengali music comprises a long tradition of religious and secular song-writing over a period of almost a millennium. Composed with lyrics in the Bengali language, Bengali music spans a wide variety of styles.

Rabindra Sangeet Songs composed by Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindra Sangeet, also known as Tagore Songs, are songs from the Indian subcontinent written and composed by the Bengali Polymath Rabindranath Tagore, winner of the 1913 Nobel Prize in Literature, the first Indian and also the first non-European to receive such recognition. Tagore was a prolific composer with approximately 2,232 songs to his credit. The songs have distinctive characteristics in the music of Bengal, popular in India and Bangladesh.


Lalon, also known as Fakir Lalon Shah, Lalon Shah, Lalon Fakir, was a prominent Bengali philosopher, author, Baul saint, mystic, songwriter, social reformer and thinker in Kushtia in present-day Bangladesh. Regarded as an icon of Bengali culture, he inspired and influenced many poets, social and religious thinkers including Rabindranath Tagore, Kazi Nazrul Islam, and Allen Ginsberg although he "rejected all distinctions of caste and creed".

Music of West Bengal

The music of West Bengal includes multiple indigenous musical genres such as Baul, Ramprasadi, Bishnupuri Classical, Kirtan, Shyama Sangeet, Rabindra Sangeet, Nazrul Geeti, Dwijendrageeti, Prabhat Samgiita, Agamani-Vijaya, Patua Sangeet, Gambhira, Bhatiali, Bhawaiya, Bengali Rock.

Bengali literature Texts composed in the Bengali language

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Culture of Bengal

The culture of Bengal defines the cultural heritage of the Bengali people native to eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, mainly what is today Bangladesh and the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and Assam's Barak Valley, where the Bengali language is the official and primary language. Bengal has a recorded history of 1,400 years. The Bengali people are its dominant ethnolinguistic group. The region has been a historical melting point, blending indigenous traditions with cosmopolitan influences from pan-Indian subcontinental empires. Bengal was considered to be the richest part of Islamic medieval India and during the era of the Bengal Sultanate it was described to be a major trading nation in the world, while during Mughal times, having triggered the proto-industrialization, its economy was worth 12% of global GDP. As a part of the Bengal Presidency, it also hosted the region's most advanced political and cultural centers during British rule.

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Haramoni is the title of 13-volume collection of Bengali folksongs by Muhammed Mansooruddin. Mansooruddin collected more than 5000 folksongs from different parts of Bengal. He compiled them in a series of volumes and the titled them after the name of a regular section of monthly literary magazine Probashi that was earmarked for publishing folk songs collected from rural areas. Haramoni literally means Lost Jewels.

Fahmida Nabi Musical artist

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  14. "Jasper al-Rashid". The Daily Star. 31 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-08.
  15. "Groovetrap Bringing the funk back after 10 years". The Daily Star. 19 August 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-08.

Bangla EDM music

Bangla Electronic music

Various EDM genres have evolved over the last 20 years, for example; house, techno, dance-pop etc. Stylistic variation within an established EDM genre can lead to the emergence of what is called a subgenre. Hybridization, where elements of two or more genres are combined, can lead to the emergence of an entirely new genre of Bangla EDM Music.




Also new Younger Talents Makeing now Bangla edm Songs.