Perth Airport

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Perth Airport
Perth Airport logo 2018.png
Perth Intl front side on 2015.jpg
Terminal 1 in 2015
Airport typePublic
OwnerUtilities Trust of Australia (38%)
Future Fund (30%)
OperatorPerth Airport Pty Ltd
Serves Perth, Western Australia
Location Perth Airport
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation  AMSL 67 ft / 20 m
Coordinates 31°56′25″S115°58′01″E / 31.94028°S 115.96694°E / -31.94028; 115.96694 Coordinates: 31°56′25″S115°58′01″E / 31.94028°S 115.96694°E / -31.94028; 115.96694
Metropolitan Perth.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
Australia Western Australia location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
Australia location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
Direction LengthSurface
03/213,44411,299 Asphalt
06/242,1637,096 Asphalt
Statistics (YE June 2016)
Passengers13,759,170 [1]
Aircraft movements135,238 [1]

Perth Airport( IATA : PER, ICAO : YPPH) is an international airport serving Perth, the capital city of Western Australia.


It is the fourth busiest airport in Australia measured by passenger movements and falls within the boundaries of the City of Belmont, City of Kalamunda and the City of Swan. [2] Perth Airport and Jandakot Airport, the other civilian airport within the Perth metropolitan area, recorded a combined total of 362,782 aircraft movements in 2017. [3]

Since 1997, it has been operated by Perth Airport Pty Ltd under a 99-year lease from the Commonwealth Government. [4] :p 48


Perth Airport with city centre behind, image taken from the Darling Scarp looking west Perth airport 01 gnangarra.JPG
Perth Airport with city centre behind, image taken from the Darling Scarp looking west

The airport is located approximately 10 km (6.2 mi) east of the Perth central business district. It is one of two civilian airports within the Perth metropolitan area, the other being Jandakot Airport. Besides the civilian airports, there are also two military airports within the Perth metropolitan area. The larger of the two is RAAF Base Pearce, 30 km (18.6 mi) to the north of Perth Airport, at Bullsbrook. The other is 42 km (26.1 mi) south west of Perth Airport, and is a part of the military base of HMAS Stirling on Garden Island.

Perth Airport
Map of the boundaries of Perth Airport

Growth and impact

The airport saw strong passenger growth from 2000 to 2012, primarily due to the state's prolonged mining boom and an increase in traffic from international low-cost carrier airlines. By the end of June 2012, Perth Airport experienced passenger growth of 11.7% internationally and 6.9% domestically, resulting in an overall increase of 10.3%.[ citation needed ] Passenger numbers trebled in the 10 years from 2002 to 2012 with more than 12.6 million people travelling through the airport in 2012. Since 2012, the winding down of the mining boom has seen the demand for both intra- and interstate services contract, with domestic passengers falling from a peak of 9.9 million (as of June 2013) to 9.5 million by the end of June 2016. The growth in passenger numbers since 2012 has been wholly due to expansion of international services from the city. The first mining boom in 1979 had 679,000 passengers use the airport. This number now travels through the airport every eighteen days.

As well as passenger movements however, complaints about the impact of the airport on the residents of Perth have grown. [5] [6] The City of Canning, one area that is affected, accepts that “aircraft noise is an important issue” and that “aircraft noise does impact heavily on those suburbs under the flightpaths.” [7] Another affected area, the City of Swan, “has experienced significant issues.” [8] Indeed, planning policy adopted by the Government of Western Australia recognises that some aircraft noise is “not compatible with residential or educational” land use, [9] two fundamental uses of land in any conurbation that is home to over two million residents—such as Greater Perth.


Early days

Prior to the opening of the Perth Airport, civilian air services for the city were provided from Maylands Aerodrome as well as on the city's foreshore at Langley Park. [10] By the end of the 1930s, it became clear that the Maylands Aerodrome was limited in the size and speed of aircraft it was able to handle thus causing them to seek an alternative site for a future airport. [10]

Site selection and preparation of the original plans was undertaken by Mr N M Fricker of the Department of Civil Aviation. [11] In 1938, land was selected and purchased for the new aerodrome. The site selected in what was at the time Guildford, was an area of land granted by Governor James Stirling to local man John Scott, which later became the long disused Dunreath Golf Course. [10] [11]

A plaque located on a roadside wall of the old International terminal remains in permanent memory of Scott: [11]

Perth Airport stands on part of an area granted originally by Governor James Stirling to John Scott. A yeoman farmer from Lanarkshire, Scotland who arrived in Western Australia in March 1831, after a voyage of about 90 days in the schooner Eliza of 343 tons. He came at the invitation of the governor, to establish and maintain a bloodstock farm for the colony. He made his home near Guildford, using the Swan River to reach the farm in this area.

In recognition of his services Governor Stirling granted him lease of an area at Bunbury, where he became the first settler in 1838.

Remember him as one who helped to bring prosperity to this land. [11]

Text of roadside plaque in memory of John Scott.

Military operations

Even before civil aviation operations could commence at the new site, the onset of World War II saw the facility being redesigned for military purposes as a temporary base for the Royal Australian Air Force and United States Navy, known as "RAAF Station Guildford", primarily to supplement RAAF Base Pearce. [10] Royal Australian Air Force No. 85 Squadron was based there from February 1943.

Despite military use of the airfield, civil services operated by Qantas Empire Airways and Australian National Airways (ANA) commenced from the location in 1944. [10] This was despite bitter protest from military authorities who felt civilian operations would undermine the defence and camouflage needs of the location. [10]

The move was agreed to by the government, as the larger types of aircraft of the day being operated by the two airlines could simply not be handled at Maylands, notwithstanding the small grass airfield, lack of passenger facilities, and approaches being difficult due to surrounding industrial infrastructure. [10] Using Douglas DC-3 aircraft, ANA flew the first commercial service from the aerodrome to Adelaide. [10] On 17 June 1944, Qantas made its inaugural flight to Ceylon via Exmouth using a modified Consolidated B-24 Liberator, arriving in Perth on 3 June 1944 having been released to the airline by the British Government. [10]

Early civilian operations

An Australian National Airways Douglas DC-4 refuelling at Perth Airport in 1955. Douglas DC4 Perth Airport 1955.jpg
An Australian National Airways Douglas DC-4 refuelling at Perth Airport in 1955.

Full civilian operations at the Guildford Aerodrome commenced in 1944. [11] Civil operations at Maylands continued albeit reduced until 30 June 1963, when the airport closed and its function as a secondary airport was taken over by Jandakot Airport the very next day. [10]

Guildford Aerodrome was at best only a basic airfield. [10] On a large open airfield with plenty of space, an unobtrusive control tower was hidden away amongst a collection of buildings inherited from the wartime operations at the site. [10] The Department of Civil Aviation inherited a large number of operating vehicles from the former military occupants, including an assortment of vehicles including Blitz wagons, Dodge command cars and weapon carriers, large trucks and various makes of fire tenders, jeeps and ambulances. [10] Boarding aircraft at Guildford was described as being a bit like boarding a bus given the lack of passenger facilities at the time. [10]

In 1948, the Horrie Miller owned MacRobertson Miller Airlines (MMA) relocated from Maylands to Guildford. [10] followed by newly formed government airline Trans Australia Airlines (TAA) on 2 December of that same year, operating Douglas C-54 Skymasters on its Perth Melbourne  Sydney route. [10] Due to the lack of road transportation across the Nullarbor Plain, it was at this time that Guildford became the scene of very busy cargo operations. [10] Fresh fruit, vegetables and manufactured goods were being flown from east to west and back again.

The airport was granted international status in September 1952, and renamed from Guildford Aerodrome to Perth Airport in March 1953. [12] [13] [14] Officiated by the Federal Minister for Civil Aviation, Hubert Anthony, the official ceremony for the renaming took place on the main apron in front of a converted Bellman hangar used by TAA as its passenger terminal. [10] At the time, a new international terminal building was under construction but had not been completed in time for the ceremony. [10] This new terminal was being constructed using steel and cladding recycled from American-built military quonset buildings being dismantled and shipped over from Manus Island. [10]

It was also on this day that Qantas commenced its Wallaby service using Lockheed Constellations from Sydney to South Africa via Perth, the Cocos Islands and Mauritius. [10]

The jet age

Ansett Boeing 727-100 at Perth Airport in 1971 Ansett 727 (6221941295).jpg
Ansett Boeing 727-100 at Perth Airport in 1971

Towards the mid-1950s, airline travel was still being used by only a small percentage of the population. At that time, only 8% of the population had ever flown, but as the marketplace evolved, so did the types of people and their reasons for flying. [10]

It was at this time the airport began to experience the full effects of the jet age. Although both Air India and Qantas commenced operating Boeing 707s in the mid to late 1950s from Perth to Singapore and the sub continent [10] the aircraft of the day grew faster and more demanding due to their sophistication, facilities at the airport continued to improve to accommodate them. [10] By the mid-1960s the airport commenced seeing its first domestic pure jet engine aircraft, commencing with a Boeing 727 in 1964, and the Douglas DC-9 in 1967, both types operated by TAA and Ansett ANA. [10] It was at this time that the airport was one of the few major airports in the country which operated without curfews, and due to the increased number and frequency of flights operating from the airport it gave birth to what was then referred to as the midnight horror or red-eye special, known in more recent history as the red-eye flight. [10]

Demise of the hangar terminals

In 1960, the current international terminal previously constructed from steel and cladding from Manus Island was dismantled and then re-erected in the suburb of Cannington. [10] Known as The Alco Building, it was re-designed for use as a commercial facility. [10]

The removal of the steel structure made way for the construction of an entirely new combined domestic and international passenger terminal, constructed on the northern side of the airfield. [10] It was in 1962 that airlines were able to move from their hangars into a new combined passenger terminal, designed by the Commonwealth Department of Works and opened just in time to handle 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games traffic increases. [10] [11] The new combined terminal was opened that same year by then Minister for Civil Aviation, Senator Shane Paltridge; it was located in an area positioned between Terminals 3 and 4 and is currently used as the crew base for both Qantas and Skywest, and offices for airlines and support firms. [10] [15]

International terminal development

From 1962 onwards, both the domestic and international passenger operations at the airport were provided by a single terminal. [15] However, by the arrival of the Boeing 747 on 3 September 1971, the existing terminal had reached its capacity, and modelling of future passenger numbers showed it would be unable to handle any further increases in passenger demand. [10] [15]

In November 1980, the Federal Transport Minister, Ralph Hunt, announced that a new international terminal would be built in Perth at a cost of $26 million (1980). [10] Design of the new International Terminal commenced in 1982, with one of the key principles of the design being the allowance for easy future expansion as the needs of the airport dictated. [15] The project called for the construction of a new terminal, apron, airside roads, access roads, car parks and other passenger facilities. [15]

Construction of the new International Terminal and control tower commenced in March 1984 on the south-eastern side of the airfield. [15] In 1984, the road leading to the new terminal, Horrie Miller Drive was named in honour of local aviation pioneer Horrie Miller. [16] The terminal was officially opened on 25 October 1986 by Prime Minister Bob Hawke, with the new terminal receiving passengers just days after. [10] [15] The newly built control tower was the tallest in Australia at its time of construction, and remains to be the tallest in Australia. [17]

Upon completion, the terminal was able to process up to five Boeing 747 aircraft per hour and accommodated a peak passenger volume of 6,000 passengers per hour. [15] Twenty years later, in the 12 months to June 2006 the terminal processed over 2.027 million passengers, surpassing a 1996 projection of 1.016 million passengers in that period. [15]

1988 onwards

The airport control tower, built in 1987 Perth International Airport tower.jpg
The airport control tower, built in 1987

In the late 1980s the Federal Government, as a prelude to eventual privatisation, formed the Federal Airports Corporation (FAC). In 1988, the FAC took over as manager of Perth Airport (and many other Australian airports). [10]

At this time also, airline operators Qantas and Ansett set about on ambitious capital works programs to construct new domestic terminals for their respective airlines on the northern side of the terminal, where they still stand to this day. [10] In 2001, after the financial collapse of Ansett, the Ansett terminal became a multi-user terminal, catering for flights from former Ansett-subsidiary Skywest, as well as Virgin Australia and now charter airlines including Alliance Airlines and previously Air Australia.

In July 1997 Perth Airport Pty Ltd took up a 99-year lease as part of the Federal Government's push to privatise airports. [18] As at February 2021, Utilities Trust of Australia (38%) and Future Fund (30%) were the major shareholders. [19]

From 2003 to 2004, the International terminal underwent major internal refurbishments to provide an increased array of passenger services, including increased space for duty-free stores and food and beverage concession stands. [15] Further upgrades valued at $25 million (2006) were made to the terminal across 2005 and 2006 which added an additional 2,500 m2 (27,000 sq ft) of floor space, additional check-in counters, and an improved baggage handling and screening system. [15]

The airport commemorated its 60th anniversary in 2004, with an event that opened the new Taxiway Sierra, a new taxiway supporting larger aircraft such as the Boeing 747, Airbus A340 and Airbus A380. [20]

On 11 October 2007, Perth International Airport received the first test flight out of Terminal 3 at Changi International Airport, Singapore. The test flight was a Singapore Airlines flight that departed Changi Airport at 5:30 pm, landing in Perth at 11:30 pm.

On 14 October 2008, the Airbus A380 made its first visit to the airport as a part of Qantas' A380 promotional tour around Australia. The second A380 to visit the airport was an Emirates aircraft which made an emergency landing on 15 August 2009, after a passenger on a Dubai to Sydney flight suffered a stroke. [21]

In 2012, the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (ACCC) released a report rating the Perth Airport as the worst in Australia, as judged by airlines. The same report rated it below satisfactory for the second year in a row. [22] However, due to recent expansions and projects, the airport was awarded Capital City airport of the year by the Australian Airports Association at their national conference in 2016. [23] In 2018, Perth Airport was named the best airport in Australia for overall service quality by the ACCC after the completion of a $1 billion redevelopment project over the span of 5 years. [24]

On 1 February 2013, Qatar Airways was due to commence the first commercial service of the Boeing 787 aircraft into Australia on its daily services from Perth to Doha. However, due to the worldwide grounding of the 787 this was delayed indefinitely. [25] In 2016, Qatar stated that it intended to introduce the Airbus A350 aircraft on flights to Perth once they receive enough of the aircraft. [26] However, at the end of 2017 Qatar withdrew the plan, announcing that from May 2018 Perth would receive A380 services instead, making Qatar the second airline to operate scheduled A380 flights to Perth.

Terminal 2 Perth Airport T2 buildings 2017.jpg
Terminal 2

Terminal 2 was officially opened on 28 February 2013, with the first flights operating out of the terminal on 2 March 2013. The single story terminal was designed to provide; [27]

Philippine Airlines commenced flights from Manila to Perth on 2 June 2013, but were later withdrawn in September 2013. On 6 December 2019, it was announced that the route will be resumed on 30 March 2020 using the airline's Airbus A321neos.

In 2015 Emirates commenced the first Airbus A380 service to Perth from Dubai following the completion of a dual level boarding gate, an expanded check-in hall, a refurbished departure area and other expansions to Terminal 1 including a new Emirates business class lounge. [28] [29] In August 2017, Emirates replaced its last the remaining Emirates Boeing 777-300ER service with an Airbus A380, tallying the total Emirates A380 daily services to two. [30]

Terminal 1 Domestic Pier Perth Airport Terminal 1 - International 01.jpg
Terminal 1 Domestic Pier

On 22 November 2015 the domestic pier of Terminal 1 was opened; the pier became the exclusive home to Virgin Australia. [31] Virgin Australia's partner, Etihad Airways began daily direct services from its hub in Abu Dhabi on 16 July 2014; [32] the pier ensures quick and seamless transfers between the two airlines. The pier will also be connected to Terminal 2 via an elevated walkway allowing seamless transfer to Virgin's regional services without having to be re-screened.

On 15 May 2016, the world's largest commercial jet airliner, the Antonov An-225 Mriya landed at Perth Airport, making its first visit to Perth and Australia.

On 11 December 2016, Qantas announced that it would commence non-stop flights from Perth to London Heathrow with one of its newly acquired Boeing 787 Dreamliners. To achieve this the Qantas domestic terminal at T3/T4 was upgraded during 2017 to cater for international flights. Once completed the existing Qantas flights to Singapore and Auckland also migrated to the same terminal. Services started in March 2018. [33]

On 22 February 2018, Singapore Airlines announced Perth would be the second destination, after Osaka, to receive services operated by the Boeing 787-10 Dreamliner, with flights starting from May 2018 [34] Once launched, Perth will be one of the first airports in the world to operate all three variants of the Boeing Dreamliner.

On 10 April 2018, Etihad Airways announced that they would be ceasing Perth services from 1 October 2018. From 14 April 2018 Etihad Airways would downgrade the service from a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner to an Airbus A330-200.

Qantas CEO Alan Joyce also stated that more direct flights to Europe will follow after its Perth to London flights begin which include Paris, Frankfurt, Berlin and Rome. The airline might also include Perth in their new ultra long-haul flight plan dubbed "Project Sunrise", where flights between Perth and North American cities such as Los Angeles and Vancouver are possible. [35]

Facilities and services

A Qantas Airbus A330-300 docked at Terminal 1. Terminals 3 and 4 are visible in the background. Qantas A330 VH-QPF.jpg
A Qantas Airbus A330-300 docked at Terminal 1. Terminals 3 and 4 are visible in the background.

Perth Airport has four main terminals and one minor terminal: [36]

Terminal 1 Domestic check-in area Perth Airport Terminal 1 - International 04.jpg
Terminal 1 Domestic check-in area


Flights are serviced by two runways – the main 03/21 runway, 3,444 m × 45 m (11,299 ft × 148 ft) and 06/24, 2,163 m × 45 m (7,096 ft × 148 ft).

In 1965, it was extended from 7,500 ft (2,286 m) to 10,000 ft (3,048 m) to accommodate Boeing 707s. [39]

After a 10-month project, a reconstructed cross runway was opened on 21 October 2005. [40] The upgrades involved significant strengthening works and enlargement of turning nodes to accommodate regular operations by wide bodied aircraft, including the Airbus A380. [40]

Meteorological services

Meteorological services for Perth Airport commenced in May 1944, provided by the Guildford Meteorological Office situated at Ivy Street, Redcliffe. [41]

In March 1988, surface observations were moved to the recently vacated old airport tower on the northern side of the airfield (near what is now Terminal 3). [41] The Ivy Street location was retained for a time for radar services and the launching and tracking of weather balloons. [41] In October 1997, all operations from the Ivy Street Office and Old Control Tower were transferred to a newly constructed office on the Northern Perimeter Road in Belmont, in the north-eastern corner of the airfield. [41]

Landing patterns and approach

Perth Airport resides within the Melbourne FIR, which is managed by Melbourne Centre and operated by Airservices Australia. [42]


Road access to Terminals 3 and 4 from the city centre is via Tonkin Highway and Dunreath Drive. Terminals 1 and 2 are accessed via Tonkin Highway and Airport Drive. All terminals are serviced by a number of private charter bus operators that can normally be accessed through most major hotels in the city centre.

Transperth operates route 935 to Kings Park via Belmont Forum and Perth City, [43] and route 40 to the Elizabeth Quay bus station via the Great Eastern Highway and Victoria Park bus station, [44] both from Terminal 4. Terminal 1 is serviced by route 380 to Perth City via Belmont Forum. [45] A large number of taxi companies have set up operations in the past, and provide transport facilities from the airport to other parts of the city.

The airport is not currently serviced by rail, however the construction of the Airport line will connect the airport to the Midland Line [46] [47] in 2021. [48]

Observation areas

Viewing platform on Dunreath Drive Perth Airport viewing platform.jpg
Viewing platform on Dunreath Drive

There are two dedicated spotting areas at Perth Airport. The T1 International Terminal houses an Observation Deck on Level 3 to view departing and arriving aircraft. It has vending machines, toilets and FIDSs.

The second spotting area is to the west side opposing the threshold of Runway 03 located along Dunreath Drive. The public viewing area has a shelter in the shape of the body section of a Boeing 747, and displays of information about the history of aviation. [49]

Other services

The Australian Transport Safety Bureau has its Perth regional office on Level 2 of the Hkew Alpha Building on the property of Perth Domestic Airport. [50]

Since May 2014, terminals T1 International, T2 Regional and T3 Domestic have a free Wi-Fi connection currently powered by iiNet. It is accessible throughout the entirety of the departure and arrival areas. Currently, T4 Qantas Domestic also has a free Wi-Fi service provided by Qantas.

The Royal Automobile Club of Western Australia (RAC) had a purpose-built driver training facility at Perth Airport, the only one of its kind in the state. [51] It was located towards the east of the current T1 International Terminal on Grogan Road.

Airlines and destinations

Perth Airport is served by 34 scheduled airlines flying to over 50 destinations in Australia, Oceania, Asia, Africa and Europe. A total of 1258 scheduled domestic and regional flights arrive and depart from Perth Airport each week. On the international front, a total of 213 scheduled [52] international flights arrive and depart from Perth Airport each week.

The following carriers operate to the following destinations: [53] [ better source needed ] [54]


Air Mauritius Mauritius
Air New Zealand Auckland
AirAsia X Kuala Lumpur–International
Airnorth Seasonal: Darwin, Kununurra
Alliance Airlines Kalgoorlie, Newman, [55] Port Hedland [55]
Charter: Barimunya, Cape Preston, Christmas Creek, Christmas Island, Coondewanna, Karratha, Leinster, Leonora, Mount Keith, Paraburdoo, Telfer, The Granites [56]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Narita [57]
Batik Air Denpasar [58]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou
Citilink Denpasar [59]
Cobham Aviation Services Australia Charter: Barrow Island, Cue, Jundee, Karara, Laverton, Leinster, Leonora, Meekatharra, Mount Keith, Murrin Murrin, Newman, Nova, Plutonic, Tropicana
Emirates Dubai–International
Indonesia AirAsia Denpasar [60]
Jetstar Adelaide, [61] Brisbane (resumes 2 November 2021), [62] Cairns, Denpasar, Gold Coast, [63] Melbourne, Sydney
Malaysia Airlines Kota Kinabalu, Kuala Lumpur–International
Malindo Air Kuala Lumpur–International
Maroomba Airlines Charter: Dalgaranga, Golden Grove, Mount Magnet
Qantas Adelaide, Brisbane, Broome, Canberra, Darwin, Gold Coast (begins 18 September 2021), [64] Hobart, [65] London–Heathrow, [66] Melbourne, Singapore, [67] Sydney
QantasLink Adelaide, Alice Springs, Broome, Cloudbreak, Darwin, Exmouth, Geraldton, Kalgoorlie, Karratha, Newman, Paraburdoo, Port Hedland
Charter: Christmas Creek, Coyote, Ginbata, Leinster, Morawa, Solomon
Qatar Airways Doha
Regional Express Airlines Albany, Carnarvon, Esperance, [68] [69] Monkey Mia
Scoot Singapore
Singapore Airlines Singapore
Skippers Aviation Charter: Burnakura, Darlot-Centenary, Jundee, Kalbarri, Laverton, Lawlers, Leinster, Leonora, Meekatharra, Mount Magnet, Plutonic, Sunrise Dam, Wiluna
South African Airways Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo
Thai Airways Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi
Virgin Australia Adelaide, Brisbane, Broome, Cairns (begins 26 July 2021), [70] Darwin, Kalgoorlie, Karratha, Kununurra, Melbourne, Newman, Port Hedland, Sydney
Virgin Australia Regional Airlines Adelaide, Albany, Broome, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Darwin, Kalgoorlie, Karratha, Kununurra, Newman, Onslow, Port Hedland
Charter: Argyle, Albany, Barimunya, Barrow Island, Boolgeeda, Nifty, West Angelas, Woodie Woodie, Busselton


Many major cargo airlines operate regular visits to Perth Airport as Charter Flights. These include: Singapore Airlines Cargo, Emirates SkyCargo, Korean Air Cargo and Atlas Air.

Emirates SkyCargo Singapore
Qantas Freight Melbourne
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha [71]
Singapore Airlines Cargo Singapore
Toll Priority Brisbane, Melbourne

Charter and mining airlines

These airlines provide regular charters for mining companies in Western Australia:

Operations and statistics


Total passengers using the airport has increased on average by 5.8% annually since 1998–99, with 70% of passenger traffic at the airport attributed to domestic travel. [72]

An AirAsia X aircraft AirAsia variety at Perth Airport.jpg
An AirAsia X aircraft
Terminal 1 in 2018 Perth Airport Terminal 1 - International 09.jpg
Terminal 1 in 2018

See source Wikidata query and sources.

Annual passenger statistics for Perth Airport [72]
1999–003,374,1361,516,8424,890,978Increase2.svg 4.6%
2000–013,554,9301,607,3855,162,315Increase2.svg 5.6%
2001–023,168,7471,597,7214,766,468Decrease2.svg 7.7%
2002–033,615,8221,573,5435,189,365Increase2.svg 8.9%
2003–044,154,5611,734,2385,888,799Increase2.svg 13.5%
2004–054,579,1011,945,6866,524,787Increase2.svg 10.9%
2005–065,025,5041,979,7507,005,254Increase2.svg 7.4%
2006–075,785,3702,191,7217,977,091Increase2.svg 13.9%
2007–086,474,2492,477,8208,952,069Increase2.svg 12.2%
2008–096,759,2792,599,9699,359,248Increase2.svg 4.5%
2009–107,010,7112,981,8779,992,588Increase2.svg 6.8%
2010–117,644,4473,245,08110,889,528Increase2.svg 9%
2011–129,140,4183,492,16012,632,578Increase2.svg 16%
2012–139,990,7273,763,67713,664,394Increase2.svg 8.1%
2013–149,843,3414,118,23913,961,580Increase2.svg 2.2%
2014–159,790,4644,193,74013,984,204Increase2.svg 0.2%
2015–169,506,0434,253,12713,759,170Decrease2.svg 1.6%
2016–179,216,6004,405,17113,621,771Decrease2.svg 1%
2017–189,327,0384,364,57313,691,611Increase2.svg 0.5%
2018–199,531,3554,371,35113,902,706Increase2.svg 1.54%


Busiest domestic routes into and out of Perth Airport (2017) [73]
RankAirportPassengers % change
1 Melbourne 2,033,242Decrease2.svg1.9
2 Sydney 1,716,477Decrease2.svg2.1
3 Brisbane 969,064Decrease2.svg1.5
4 Adelaide 614,141Decrease2.svg0.5
5 Karratha 436,887Decrease2.svg11.0
6 Port Hedland 337,347Decrease2.svg0.5
7 Broome 313,383Increase2.svg6.2
8 Newman 284,874Decrease2.svg7.4
9 Kalgoorlie 241,869Increase2.svg4.4
10 Darwin 198,365Increase2.svg7.6


Afternoon lineup at Perth Airport (from front to back): Emirates Airbus A380, Scoot Boeing 787, Air New Zealand Boeing 787, Qatar Airways Boeing 777 Summer afternoon lineup at Perth Airport.jpg
Afternoon lineup at Perth Airport (from front to back): Emirates Airbus A380, Scoot Boeing 787, Air New Zealand Boeing 787, Qatar Airways Boeing 777
Busiest international routes – Perth Airport (2018) [74]
RankAirportPassengers handled % Change
1 Singapore–Changi 1,120,855Decrease2.svg2.9
2 Denpasar 889,007Increase2.svg6.5
3 Kuala Lumpur–International 536,519Decrease2.svg19.4
4 Dubai 424,464Decrease2.svg1.8
5 Doha 244,716Increase2.svg19.6
6 Hong Kong 226,553Increase2.svg5.0
7 Auckland 182,929Decrease2.svg10.6
8 Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi 155,218Increase2.svg7.5
9 Johannesburg–O.R. Tambo 136,090Decrease2.svg7.5
10 Abu Dhabi 115,780Decrease2.svg28.9

Accidents and incidents

During construction

Accidents en route

Emergency alternative airports

There are three emergency alternative airports for Perth, used usually in the case of fog or bad weather affecting Perth. In 2013, the state government flagged the need for a new emergency alternative airport, with Exmouth's Learmonth Airport and Adelaide Airport being inconvenient due to their significant distance from Perth. [76] In 2017, plans for Cunderdin Airport to become a diversion airport for Perth were put in place. [77] In 2018, it was proposed that Kalgoorlie-Boulder Airport would be a better alternative than Cunderdin. [78] In 2019, Busselton Margaret River Airport had its bid to become a designated alternate international airport approved. [79]

Redevelopment plans

Consolidation of terminals

The Perth Airport Master Plan 2014 [80] aims for the domestic and international terminals to be consolidated into a single terminal on the south-eastern side of the airfield by 2024. [81] In 2008, Westralia Airports announced their intention to complete a A$1 billion upgrade project which addresses key elements of the Master Plan while complete the upgrade project key elements of the 2014 Master Plan. [82]

Third runway

The construction of a new runway (03R/21L) is planned. The new runway will be 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) long and 45 metres (148 ft) wide, while it was the running parallel to the existing main runway and located between Terminal 1 and Abernethy Road. [83] Although Perth Airport plans for the runway to open by 2027, if demand is high enough in the coming years, the airport will set a 2024 opening instead, the same year the terminals are expected to be consolidated. [84]

On 3 November 2016, a commuter rail link started construction, with the Airport Central station linking the consolidated terminal with the Transperth railway network, [85] while it was connecting with the Midland Line between Bayswater station and Ashfield station. The rail link will be underground for much of its length. [86]

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Qantas Airways Limited is the flag carrier of Australia and its largest airline by fleet size, international flights and international destinations. It is the world's third-oldest airline still in operation, having been founded in November 1920; it began international passenger flights in May 1935. The Qantas name comes from "QANTAS", an acronym for its original name, Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services, as it originally served Queensland and the Northern Territory, and it is nicknamed "The Flying Kangaroo". Qantas is a founding member of the Oneworld airline alliance.

Adelaide Airport

Adelaide Airport, also known as Adelaide International Airport, is the principal airport of Adelaide, South Australia and the fifth-busiest airport in Australia, servicing 8.5 million passengers in the financial year ending 30 June 2019. Located adjacent to West Beach, it is approximately 6 km (3.7 mi) west of the city centre. It has been operated privately by Adelaide Airport Limited under a long-term lease from the Commonwealth Government since 29 May 1998.

Sydney Airport International airport serving Sydney, Australia

Sydney Kingsford Smith Airport is an international airport in Sydney, Australia located 8 km (5 mi) south of the Sydney central business district, in the suburb of Mascot. The airport is owned by Sydney Airport Holdings. It is the primary airport serving Sydney, and is a primary hub for Qantas, as well as a secondary hub for Virgin Australia and Jetstar, as well as a focus city for Air New Zealand. Situated next to Botany Bay, the airport has three runways.

Melbourne Airport International airport serving Melbourne, Australia

Melbourne Airport, colloquially known as Tullamarine Airport, is the primary airport serving the city of Melbourne, and the second busiest airport in Australia. It opened in 1970 to replace the nearby Essendon Airport. Melbourne Airport is the main international airport of the four airports serving the Melbourne metropolitan area, the other international airport being Avalon Airport.

Ninoy Aquino International Airport Airport serving Metro Manila, Philippines

Ninoy Aquino International Airport, formerly known and still commonly referred to as Manila International Airport, is the airport serving Manila and its surrounding metropolitan area. Located along the border between the cities of Pasay and Parañaque, about 7 kilometers (4.3 mi) south of Manila proper and southwest of Makati. NAIA is the main international gateway for travellers to the Philippines and serves as a hub for Cebgo, Cebu Pacific, PAL Express, and Philippine Airlines, as well as a base for Philippines AirAsia. It is managed by the Manila International Airport Authority (MIAA), an attached agency of the Department of Transportation (DOTr).

Jetstar Airways Pty Ltd, operating as Jetstar, is an Australian low-cost airline headquartered in Melbourne. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of Qantas, created in response to the threat posed by airline Virgin Blue. Jetstar is part of Qantas' two brand strategy of having Qantas Airways for the premium full-service market and Jetstar for the low-cost market. Jetstar carries 8.5% of all passengers travelling in and out of Australia.

Christchurch Airport

Christchurch Airport is the main airport that serves Christchurch, New Zealand. It is located 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) to the northwest of the city centre, in the suburb of Harewood. Christchurch (Harewood) Airport officially opened on 18 May 1940 and became New Zealand's first international airport on 16 December 1950. It is the second busiest airport in New Zealand after Auckland by both annual passengers and aircraft movements. Christchurch and Auckland are the only two airports in New Zealand that regularly handle Boeing 747 and Airbus A380 aircraft. The airport is curfew free operating 24 hours a day.

Gold Coast Airport

Gold Coast Airport is an international Australian airport located at the southern end of the Gold Coast and approximately 90 km (56 mi) south of center of Brisbane, within South East Queensland agglomeration. The entrance to the airport is situated in the suburb of Bilinga near Coolangatta. The runway itself cuts through the state borders of Queensland and New South Wales. During summer, these states are in two different time zones. The Gold Coast Airport operates on Queensland Time all year round.

Avalon Airport international airport Greater Geelong, Victoria, Australia

Avalon Airport is an international airport located in Avalon in the City of Greater Geelong in Victoria, Australia. While located outside the Melbourne metropolitan area, it is the second busiest of the four airports serving the state capital in passenger traffic. It is located 15 km (9 mi) north-east of the Geelong CBD and 50 kilometres (31 mi) south-west of the Melbourne CBD. The airport is operated by Avalon Airport Australia Pty Ltd, a subsidiary of logistics company Linfox.

Hobart Airport

Hobart Airport is an airport located in Cambridge, 17 km (11 mi) north-east of Hobart. It is the major passenger airport in Tasmania.

Launceston Airport

Launceston Airport is a regional airport on the outskirts of Launceston, Tasmania. The airport is located in the rural area of Western Junction 15 km (9.3 mi) from Launceston city centre. It is Tasmania's fastest growing airport, and the second busiest in the state, after Hobart Airport; it can also run as a curfew free airport.

Kangaroo Route

The Kangaroo Route refers to air routes flown between Australia and the United Kingdom via the Eastern Hemisphere. The route by definition found its name following the unique mode of travel of the kangaroo, as planes historically achieved the long distance in hops. The term is trademarked and traditionally used by Qantas, although it is used in the media and by airline competitors.

Darwin International Airport

Darwin International Airport is the busiest airport serving the Northern Territory and the tenth busiest airport in Australia. It is the only airport serving Darwin.

QantasLink is a regional brand of Australian airline Qantas and is an affiliate member of the Oneworld airline alliance. It is a major competitor to Regional Express Airlines and Virgin Australia Regional Airlines. As of September 2010 QantasLink provides 1,900 flights each week to 54 domestic locations.

Townsville Airport

Townsville Airport is a major Australian regional airport that services the city of Townsville, Queensland. The airport is also known as Townsville International Airport, and Garbutt Airport, a reference to its location in the Townsville suburb of Garbutt. Townsville Airport is serviced by major Australian domestic and regional airlines, and in 2011/12 handled 1.7 million passengers making it the 11th busiest airport in Australia.

Sunshine Coast Airport

Sunshine Coast Airport is an Australian airport located at the northern end of the Sunshine Coast and approximately 90 km (56 mi) north of centre of Brisbane, within South East Queensland agglomeration. It is the principal airport for the Sunshine Coast and is the only airport in the region capable of servicing jet aircraft operations.

Qantas is Australia’s largest airline. Qantas was founded in Winton, Queensland, on 16 November 1920 as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited by Paul McGinness, Sir Hudson Fysh and Sir Fergus McMaster, the latter of whom was Chairman. Arthur Baird was employed as a chief aircraft engineer. McGinness left QANTAS for other interests in 2019, and Hudson Fysh remained with the company as General Manager & Managing Director. He retired as Sir Hudson Fysh KBE DFC, Chairman of QANTAS in 2018.

Jetstar Japan Co., Ltd. is a Japanese low-cost airline headquartered in Narita, Chiba. Initially planned to commence flights in late 2012, it launched ahead of schedule on 3 July 2012. The airline serves destinations across the Asia-Pacific region, using a fleet of Airbus A320 aircraft.

Qantas operates a fleet of Airbus A330, Airbus A380, Boeing 737 and Boeing 787 making a total of 126 aircraft.

History of Emirates (airline)

Emirates, the world's third-largest airline by scheduled revenue passenger-kilometers flown and number of international passengers carried was founded in 1985 by the royal family of Dubai. The airline's first flight was from Dubai to Karachi, Pakistan in October of that year. Its first aircraft were provided by Pakistan International. The airline grew rapidly through partnerships and investment to become one of the world's leading air carriers.


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