Since 1963, there have been three agencies who have named tropical cyclones within the north western Pacific Ocean which has often resulted in a cyclone having two names. From 1945 to 2000 the US Navy's Joint Typhoon Warning Center assigned names to tropical cyclones before the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA), took over the naming of tropical cyclones in 2000. Both agencies assigned names to tropical cyclones when they intensified into a tropical storm.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions. It extends from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Southern Ocean in the south and is bounded by Asia and Australia in the west and the Americas in the east.
The Japan Meteorological Agency, JMA, is an agency of the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. It is charged with gathering and providing results for the public in Japan, that are obtained from data based on daily scientific observation and research into natural phenomena in the fields of meteorology, hydrology, seismology and volcanology, among other related scientific fields. Its headquarters is located in Chiyoda, Tokyo.
Since 1963 the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) has assigned local names to a tropical cyclone should it move into or form as a tropical depression in their area of responsibility located between 135°E and 115°E and between 5°N-25°N even if the cyclone has had an international name assigned to it. All three agencies that have assigned names to tropical cyclones within the Western Pacific have retired the names of significant tropical cyclones, with PAGASA retiring names if a cyclone has caused at least ₱1 billion in damage and or have caused at least 300 deaths within the Philippines.
Since 1963 the naming lists have been revised in 1979, 1985, 2001 and 2005 for various reasons including to help minimize confusion in the historical records and to remove the names that might have negative associations with real persons.Within this list all information with regards to intensity is taken from while the system was in the Philippine area of responsibility and is thus taken from PAGASA's archives, rather than the JTWC or JMA's archives.
Gathering of 10-minute sustained wind data had started in the 1978 Pacific typhoon season.
The 1978 Pacific typhoon season was a very active season that lasted more than a year. It has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1978, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.
|Dading||Winnie||Didang||June 26 - July 3, 1964||Typhoon||185 km/h (115 mph)||970 hPa (28.64 inHg)||Central Luzon||Unknown||100|
|Welming||Emma||Warling||October 31 - November 8, 1967||Super Typhoon||260 km/h (160 mph)||910 hPa (26.87 inHg)||Eastern, Northeastern Visayas and Southern Luzon||300||64|
|Pitang||Georgia||Pasing||September 8–14, 1970||Super Typhoon||260 km/h (160 mph)||905 hPa (26.72 inHg)||Northern Luzon||1.4 million||95||80|
|Sening||Joan||Susang||October 10–18, 1970||Super Typhoon||280 km/h (175 mph)||905 hPa (26.72 inHg)||Southern Luzon, Northeastern Visayas||74 million||768||193|
|Titang||Kate||Tering||October 14–25, 1970||Super Typhoon||240 km/h (150 mph)||940 hPa (27.76 inHg)||Mindanao, Western Visayas||50 million||1,551||284|
|Yoling||Patsy||Yaning||November 14 – 22, 1970||Super Typhoon||260 km/h (155 mph)||910 hPa (26.87 inHg)||Luzon||460 million||611||81|
|Wening||Elaine||Weling||October 23 - November 1, 1974||Typhoon||175 km/h (110 mph)||940 hPa (27.76 inHg)||Northern Luzon||21 million||23|
|Didang||Olga||Ditang||May 10 – 28, 1976||Typhoon||150 km/h (90 mph)||940 hPa (27.76 inHg)||Luzon||1.16 billion||374|
|Atang||Olive||Akang||April 15 – 26, 1978||Typhoon||150 km/h (90 mph)||955 hPa (28.20 inHg)||Visayas, Southern Luzon||24.5 million||111|
|Kading||Rita||Katring||October 15–29, 1978||Super Typhoon||220 km/h (140 mph)||880 hPa (25.99 inHg)||Central Luzon||100 million||444||354|
|Nitang||Ike||Ningning||August 26 – September 6, 1984||Typhoon||165 km/h (105 mph)||950 hPa (28.05 inHg)||Visayas, Northern Mindanao||4.1 billion||3,000|
|Undang||Agnes||Unsang||October 30 – November 8, 1984||Typhoon||195 km/h (120 mph)||925 hPa (27.32 inHg)||Visayas, Southern Luzon||1.9 billion||895||275|
|Herming||Betty||Helming||August 16 – 30, 1987||Super Typhoon||205 km/h (125 mph)||890 hPa (26.28 inHg)||Southern Luzon, Eastern Visayas||2.07 billion||94|
|Sisang||Nina||Sendang||November 16 – 30, 1987||Super Typhoon||165 km/h (105 mph)||930 hPa (27.46 inHg)||Southern Luzon||1.12 billion||808|
|Unsang||Ruby||Ulpiang||October 20 – 28, 1988||Typhoon||140 km/h (85 mph)||950 hPa (28.05 inHg)||Luzon||5.64 billion||157|
|Yoning||Skip||Yerling||November 3 – 12, 1988||Typhoon||150 km/h (90 mph)||950 hPa (28.05 inHg)||Eastern Visayas, Southern Luzon||2.77 billion||217||95|
|Ruping||Mike||Ritang||November 5 – 18, 1990||Super Typhoon||185 km/h (115 mph)||915 hPa (27.02 inHg)||Visayas||10.8 billion||748||246|
|Uring||Thelma||Ulding||November 1 – 8, 1991||Tropical Storm||85 km/h (50 mph)||992 hPa (29.29 inHg)||Visayas||1.05 billion||5,956||3,000|
|Monang||Lola||N/A||December 1 – 9, 1993||Typhoon||85 km/h (50 mph)||992 hPa (29.29 inHg)||Visayas||1.05 billion||230||0|
|Rosing||Angela||Rening||October 25 – November 7, 1995||Super Typhoon||215 km/h (130 mph)||910 hPa (26.87 inHg)||Southern Luzon||10.8 billion||936|
|Iliang||Zeb||N/A||October 7–14, 1998||Super Typhoon||205 km/h (125 mph)||900 hPa (26.58 inHg)||Southern Luzon||5.38 billion||46||29|
|Loleng||Babs||N/A||October 15 – 24, 1998||Super Typhoon||155 km/h (100 mph)||940 hPa (27.38 inHg)||Visayas, Luzon||6.79 billion||303||29|
|22 names||17.9 thousand||4730|
|Dates active||Category||Wind||Pressure||Areas affected||Damage||Deaths||Missing||Refs|
|Gloria||Chataan||Glenda||June 27 — July 13, 2002||Typhoon||175 km/h (110 mph)||930 hPa (27.46 inHg)||Luzon||₱39 billion||18|
|Harurot||Imbudo||Hanna||July 19 — 23, 2003||Typhoon||165 km/h (105 mph)||935 hPa (27.61 inHg)||Luzon||₱35 billion||64|
|Unding||Muifa||Ulysses||November 14 — 21, 2004||Typhoon||150 km/h (90 mph)||950 hPa (28.05 inHg)||Luzon||₱16 billion||68||69|
|Violeta||Merbok||Vicky||November 22 — 23, 2004||Tropical Storm||65 km/h (40 mph)||1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)||Luzon||₱2.1 billion||31||17|
|Winnie||-----||Warren||November 27 — 30, 2004||Tropical Depression||55 km/h (35 mph)||1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)||Luzon||₱679 million||1,619||713|
|Milenyo||Xangsane||Mario||September 25 — 29, 2006||Typhoon||155 km/h (100 mph)||972 hPa (28.71 inHg)||Luzon, Visayas||₱20 billion||110||79|
|Reming||Durian||Ruby||November 28 – December 2, 2006||Typhoon||195 km/h (120 mph)||938 hPa (27.70 inHg)||Luzon, Visayas||₱5.09 billion||1,400||762|
|Cosme||Halong||Carina||May 15 — 19, 2008||Severe tropical Storm||110 km/h (70 mph)||970 hPa (28.64 inHg)||Luzon||₱6.71 billion||51||3|
|Frank||Fengshen||Ferdie||June 18 — 23, 2008||Typhoon||165 km/h (105 mph)||958 hPa (28.29 inHg)||Luzon, Visayas||₱13.5 billion||1,501||87|
|Ondoy||Ketsana||Odette||September 24 — 27, 2009||Typhoon||130 km/h (80 mph)||980 hPa (28.94 inHg)||Luzon||₱11.2 billion||671||37|
|Pepeng||Parma||Paolo||September 30 – October 10, 2009||Typhoon||185 km/h (115 mph)||938 hPa (27.70 inHg)||Visayas, Luzon||₱39.6 billion||465||47|
|10 names||₱66.6 billion||>5024||1814|
At the start of the decade the name Juan was retired after the 2010 season, after it had become a super typhoon and caused around ₱8.22 billion in damages as it made landfall on Luzon. During 2011 the names Bebeng, Juaning, Mina, Pedring and Sendong were retired after each caused over ₱1 billion in damages. In addition to causing over ₱1 billion in damages, Tropical Storm Sendong and Typhoon Pablo caused over a thousand deaths. The name Katring was retired at the start of 2014 after a typhoon named Katring had affected the archipelago in 1994. The Tropical Storm Kulap named Nonoy removed from PAGASA it used in 2015 Pacific typhoon season, renamed as Nona.
The 2015 Pacific typhoon season was a slightly above average season that produced 27 tropical storms, 18 typhoons, and nine super typhoons. The season ran throughout 2015, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and November. The season's first named storm, Mekkhala, developed on January 15, while the season's last named storm, Melor, dissipated on December 17. The season saw at least one named tropical system forming in each of every month, the first time since 1965. Similar to the previous season, this season saw a high number of super typhoons. Accumulated cyclone energy (ACE) during 2015 was extremely high, the second highest since the 1970, and the 2015 ACE has been attributed in part to anthropogenic warming.
|Juan||Megi||Jose||October 15 — 20, 2010||Super Typhoon||230 km/h (145 mph)||885 hPa (26.13 inHg)||Luzon||₱8.22 billion||26||4|
|Bebeng||Aere||Betty||May 6 – 10, 2011||Tropical Storm||75 km/h (45 mph)||992 hPa (29.26 inHg)||Luzon, Visayas||₱2.25 billion||35||2|
|Juaning||Nock-ten||Jenny||July 24 – 28, 2011||Severe tropical Storm||95 km/h (60 mph)||985 hPa (29.09 inHg)||Visayas, Luzon||₱4.44 billion||77||0|
|Mina||Nanmadol||Marilyn||August 21 – 29, 2011||Typhoon||185 km/h (115 mph)||925 hPa (27.32 inHg)||Luzon||₱40.9 billion||36||0|
|Pedring||Nesat||Perla||September 24 – 28, 2011||Typhoon||150 km/h (90 mph)||950 hPa (28.05 inHg)||Luzon||₱15.6 billion||85||0|
|Sendong||Washi||Sarah||December 14 – 18, 2011||Severe Tropical Storm||95 km/h (60 mph)||992 hPa (29.41 inHg)||Visayas, Mindanao||₱2.07 billion||2,546||181|
|Pablo||Bopha||Pepito||December 2 – 9, 2012||Typhoon||185 km/h (115 mph)||930 hPa (27.46 inHg)||Mindanao, Visayas, Luzon||₱42.2 billion||1,901||844|
|Labuyo||Utor||Lannie||August 9 – 13, 2013||Typhoon||195 km/h (120 mph)||925 hPa (27.32 inHg)||Luzon||₱1.42 billion||11||3|
|Santi||Nari||Salome||October 8 – 13, 2013||Typhoon||140 km/h (85 mph)||965 hPa (28.5 inHg)||Luzon||₱3.3 billion||15||5|
|Yolanda||Haiyan||Yasmin||November 6 – 9, 2013||Super Typhoon||230 km/h (145 mph)||895 hPa (26.43 inHg)||Visayas, Mindoro, Palawan||₱89.6 billion||6,300||1,081|
|Glenda||Rammasun||Gardo||July 13 – 17, 2014||Typhoon||165 km/h (105 mph)||935 hPa (27.61 inHg)||Luzon||₱34.6 billion||106||6|
|Jose||Halong||Josie||August 2–7, 2014||Typhoon||195 km/h (120 mph)||920 hPa (27.17 inHg)||Luzon||₱1.62 billion||2||0|
|Mario||Fung-wong||Maymay||September 17 – 21, 2014||Tropical Storm||85 km/h (50 mph)||985 hPa (29.09 inHg)||Luzon||₱3.4 billion||18||4|
|Ruby||Hagupit||Rosita||December 3 – 10, 2014||Typhoon||215 km/h (130 mph)||905 hPa (26.72 inHg)||Visayas, Luzon||₱3.35 billion||18||0|
|Seniang||Jangmi||Samuel||December 28–31, 2014||Tropical Storm||75 km/h (45 mph)||996 hPa (29.41 inHg)||Visayas, Mindanao||₱1.45 billion||66||6|
|Lando||Koppu||Liwayway||October 14 – 22, 2015||Typhoon||185 km/h (115 mph)||920 hPa (27.17 inHg)||Luzon||₱14.4 billion||48||83|
|Nona||Melor||Nimfa||December 9 – 17, 2015||Typhoon||175 km/h (110 mph)||935 hPa (27.61 inHg)||Luzon, Eastern Visayas||₱7.04 billion||42||4|
|Karen||Sarika||Kristine||October 11 – 16, 2016||Typhoon||175 km/h (110 mph)||935 hPa (27.61 inHg)||Luzon||₱3.86 billion||2||0|
|Lawin||Haima||Leon||October 16 – 21, 2016||Super Typhoon||215 km/h (130 mph)||900 hPa (26.58 inHg)||Luzon||₱2.53 billion||8||0|
|Nina||Nock-ten||Nika||December 22 – 28, 2016||Typhoon||195 km/h (120 mph)||915 hPa (27.02 inHg)||Luzon||₱6.12 billion||8||16|
|Urduja||Kai-tak||Uwan||December 11 – 19, 2017||Tropical Storm||75 km/h (45 mph)||996 hPa (29.41 inHg)||Visayas||₱3.75 billion||54||0|
|Vinta||Tembin||Verbena||December 20 – 24, 2017||Typhoon||130 km/h (80 mph)||970 hPa (28.64 inHg)||Mindanao||₱2.1 billion||173||176|
|Ompong||Mangkhut||Obet||September 12 – 15, 2018||Super Typhoon||205 km/h (125 mph)||905 hPa (26.72 inHg)||Luzon||₱33.9 billion||127||0|
|Rosita||Yutu||Rosal||October 27 – 31, 2018||Typhoon||215 km/h (130 mph)||900 hPa (26.58 inHg)||Central Luzon||₱2.9 billion||27||0|
|Usman||----||Umberto||December 25 – 29, 2018||Tropical Depression||55 km/h (35 mph)||1000 hPa (29.53 inHg)||Visayas, Southern Luzon||₱5.41 billion||155||0|
Approximately twenty tropical cycloness enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility yearly, an area which incorporates parts of the Pacific Ocean, South China Sea and the Philippine Archipelago. Among these cyclones, ten will be typhoons, with five having the potential to be destructive ones. The Philippines is "the most exposed country in the world to tropical storms" according to a Time Magazine article in 2013. In the Philippine languages, typhoons are called bagyo.
Typhoon Fengshen, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Frank, was the sixth named storm and the fourth typhoon recognised by the Japan Meteorological Agency. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center recognised Fengshen as the seventh tropical depression, the sixth tropical storm, and fifth typhoon of the 2008 Pacific typhoon season.
Typhoon Nuri, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Karen, was the 12th named storm and the seventh typhoon that was recognised by the Japan Meteorological Agency. The Joint Typhoon Warning Center recognised it as the 13th tropical depression, the 12th tropical storm and the 8th typhoon of the 2008 Pacific typhoon season. The name Nuri was submitted to the World Meteorological Organisation's Typhoon Committee by Malaysia in 2003 after the name Rusa was retired in 2002. The name Nuri is Malay for a blue crowned parroquet, a type of parrot. The name Karen was assigned by PAGASA to a tropical depression for the second time, the other time being in 2004 to Typhoon Rananim.
The 2011 Pacific typhoon season was a slightly below average season that produced a total of 21 named storms, 8 typhoons, and four super typhoons. This season was much more active than the previous season, although both seasons were below the Pacific typhoon average of 26. The season ran throughout 2011, though most tropical cyclone tend to develop between May and October. The season’s first named storm, Aere, developed on May 7 while the season’s last named storm, Washi dissipated on December 19.
The 2013 Pacific typhoon season was the most active Pacific typhoon season since 2004, as well as the deadliest since 1975. It was an above-average season with 31 named storms, 13 typhoons, and five super typhoons. The season's first named storm, Sonamu, developed on January 4 while the season's last named storm, Podul, dissipated on November 15. Most of the first seventeen named storms before mid-September were relatively weak, as only two of them reached the typhoon strength.
The 2014 Pacific typhoon season was a slightly below average season, featuring 23 tropical storms, 11 typhoons, and 8 super typhoons. The season's peak months August and September saw minimal activity caused by an unusually strong and a persistent suppressing phase of the Madden–Julian oscillation (MJO). The season ran throughout 2014, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and October. The season began with the development of Tropical Storm Lingling on January 18, and ended after Tropical Storm Jangmi which dissipated on January 1 of the next year.
The 2017 Pacific typhoon season was a below-average season in terms of Accumulated Cyclone Energy and the number of typhoons and super typhoons, and the first and latest since the 1977 season to not produce a Category 5-equivalent typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson scale. The season produced a total of 27 named storms, 11 typhoons, and only two super typhoons, making it an average season in terms of storm numbers. It was an event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation, in which tropical cyclones form in the western Pacific Ocean. The season runs throughout 2017, though most tropical cyclones typically develop between May and October. The season's first named storm, Muifa, developed on April 25, while the season's last named storm, Tembin, dissipated on December 26. This season also featured the latest occurrence of the first typhoon of the year since 1998, with Noru reaching this intensity on July 23.
Tropical Depression Winnie was a weak, but catastrophic tropical cyclone that killed nearly 1,600 people after triggering widespread flooding in the Philippines.
Tropical Storm Aere, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Bebeng, was a mild tropical storm that affected eastern Philippines and southern Japan. It was the first named storm of the 2011 Pacific typhoon season. Aere is the Marshallese word for storm.
Severe Tropical Storm Washi, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Sendong, was a late-season tropical cyclone that caused catastrophic damage in the Philippines in late 2011. Washi, which means Aquila in Japanese, made landfall over Mindanao, a major island in the Philippines, on December 16. Washi weakened slightly after passing Mindanao, but regained strength in the Sulu Sea, and made landfall again over Palawan on December 17.
Tropical Storm Lingling, known in the Philippines as Tropical Depression Agaton, was a weak but deadly tropical cyclone that affected the Philippines in January 2014. The first named storm of the annual typhoon season, this early-season cyclone remained very disorganized throughout its lifespan. Lingling was the first major natural disaster in the Philippines after Typhoon Haiyan in 2013, as it caused widespread landslide incidents and floods in Mindanao, resulting in 70 deaths and damage amounting to over 566 million pesos on the island.
Typhoon Hagupit, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Ruby, was the second most intense tropical cyclone in 2014. Hagupit particularly impacted the Philippines in early December while gradually weakening, killing 18 people and causing $114 million in the country. Prior to making landfall, Typhoon Hagupit was considered the worst threat to the Philippines in 2014, but it was significantly smaller than 2013's Typhoon Haiyan.
Tropical Storm Jangmi, known in the Philippines as Tropical Storm Seniang, was a weak but destructive tropical cyclone that impacted the Philippines during late December 2014. It produced heavy rainfall which caused serious flooding. Flooding in Philippines caused 66 deaths and at least $28.3 million damage.
Typhoon Koppu, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Lando, was a powerful and devastating tropical cyclone that struck Luzon in October 2015. It was the twenty-fourth named storm and the fifteenth typhoon of the annual typhoon season. Similar to Goni earlier in the year, Koppu originated from a tropical disturbance east of the Mariana Islands on October 10. Moving briskly west, the system consolidated into a tropical depression the following day and further into a tropical storm on October 13. Situated over the warm waters of the Philippine Sea, Koppu quickly deepened. The storm reached its peak intensity on October 17 with ten-minute sustained winds of 185 km/h (115 mph) according to the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA). The Joint Typhoon Warning Center assessed Koppu to have been a Category 4-equivalent super typhoon with one-minute sustained winds of 240 km/h (150 mph). The storm subsequently made landfall at this strength near Casiguran, Philippines. Rapid weakening ensued due to interaction with the mountainous terrain of Luzon and the disheveled core of Koppu emerged over the West Philippine Sea on October 19. Unfavorable environmental conditions inhibited reorganization and the system diminished to a tropical depression on October 21.
Typhoon Melor, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Nona, was a powerful tropical cyclone that struck the Philippines in December 2015. The twenty-seventh named storm and the eighteenth typhoon of the annual typhoon season, Melor killed 51 people and caused ₱7.04 billion in damage.
Typhoon Nock-ten, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Nina, was the strongest Christmas Day tropical cyclone worldwide in terms of 1-minute sustained winds. Forming as a tropical depression southeast of Yap and strengthening into the twenty-sixth tropical storm of the annual typhoon season on December 21, 2016, Nock-ten intensified into the thirteenth typhoon of the season on December 23. Soon afterwards, the system underwent explosive intensification and became a Category 5-equivalent super typhoon early on December 25. Nock-ten weakened shortly afterwards before making eight landfalls over the Philippines. The typhoon weakened rapidly due to the landfalls as it entered the South China Sea on December 26, turned southwest, and ultimately dissipated on December 28 due to the winter monsoon.
Tropical Depression Usman was a weak but deadly tropical depression that impacted the Philippines in late December 2018. While passing over the Philippines, Usman brought heavy rain that caused several landslides, which killed 156 people, injured 105 more, and caused ₱5.41 billion in damages.
Tropical cyclones in 2012 were spread out across seven different areas called basins; the strongest tropical cyclone was Typhoon Sanba strengthened to a minimum barometric pressure of 900 mbar before striking South Korea. 132 tropical cyclones had formed this year to date. 88 tropical cyclones had been named by either a Regional Specialized Meteorological Center (RSMC) or a Tropical Cyclone Warning Center (TCWC). The most active basin in the year was the Western Pacific, which documented 25 named systems, while the North Atlantic Pacific, despite only amounting to 19 named systems, was its basin's hyperactive since 2010 becoming the third-most active season on record. Conversely, the Eastern Pacific hurricane season experienced the average number of cyclones reaching tropical storm intensity, numbering 17 respectively. The least tropical cyclone season was North Indian Ocean had a late start, with the first system forming in October. Activity across the southern hemisphere's three basins—South-West Indian, Australian, and South Pacific—was spread evenly, with each region recording seven named storms apiece.
|archiveurl=value (help). Westernpacificweather.com. Archived from the original on April 10, 2015. Retrieved January 24, 2015.