York Corporation Tramways

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York Corporation Tramways
York Corporation Tramways.jpg
Map of York Corporation Tramways
Operation
Locale York
Open20 January 1910
Close16 November 1935
StatusClosed
Routes6
Owner(s) York-West Yorkshire
Infrastructure
Track gauge 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
Propulsion system(s)Electric
Depot(s)Fulford Cross
Statistics
Route length 8.49 miles (13.66 km)

The York Corporation Tramways (YCT) provided an electric tramway and trolleybus service in York between 1910 and 1935. [1]

Contents

Trams

History

In 1909 the Corporation of York purchased the assets of the York Tramways Company. [2] Initially it took over the operation of the horse-drawn tramway, but put into effect immediate plans for its electrification and extension. The system eventually expanded to six main routes out from the city centre to Acomb, Dringhouses, Fulford, Haxby Road, Hull Road and South Bank. Unlike most other systems in England, it was built to 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge. [3] [4]

On 1 April 1934, the network became part of York-West Yorkshire when the YCT merged its operations with those of the West Yorkshire Road Car Company. Following a decision to abandon electric traction, the route to Dringhouses closed on 5 January 1935, the other five on 16 November 1935. [4] [5] [6]

Fleet

The YCT operated a fleet of 45 trams.

Before 1925, the fleet was renumbered and new cars were delivered:

Trolleybuses

In 1915 YCT purchased four 24-seat trolleybuses from the Edison & Swan Electric Light Company on services to Clifton and Heworth. They operated from a small depot on Foss Islands Road. Charging points were located at each of the termini. With these becoming life expired, in December 1920 four Railless trolleybuses entered service on route 4 from the foot of Parliament Street to Heworth. In 1921 all were transferred to YCT's new Piccadilly depot. Having too become life expired, all were replaced by motor buses in 1929. [4] [7]

With a view to resuming trolleybus operation, in January 1931 a double-deck Charles H Roe bodied Karrier was borrowed from Doncaster Corporation for evaluation, but it was deemed that double-deckers were not suitable and thus three 32-seat single deck Charles H Roe bodied Karrier-Cloughs were purchased, resuming trolleybus operation on route 4 in October 1931. [4]

On 1 April 1934, all passed to the York-West Yorkshire when the YCT merged its operations with those of the West Yorkshire Road Car Company. Following a decision to abandon electric traction, the trolleybuses were withdrawn on 5 January 1935. [4] [5] [6]

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References

  1. The Golden Age of Tramways. Published by Taylor & Francis
  2. Tramway Review , Issue 18, 1955.
  3. Important Benefits from Co-ordination at York Commercial Motor 8 February 1935
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 Jenkinson, Keith (1984). York City Buses. Bradford: Autobus Review Publications. ISBN   0-907834-06-X.
  5. 1 2 York Services to be Reorganized Commercial Motor 11 January 1935
  6. 1 2 Transport Moves On History of York
  7. A look back at York's original electric powered public transport The Press 12 June 2014