1919 in aviation

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Years in aviation: 1916   1917   1918   1919   1920   1921   1922
Centuries: 19th century  ·  20th century  ·  21st century
Decades: 1880s   1890s   1900s   1910s   1920s   1930s   1940s
Years: 1916   1917   1918   1919   1920   1921   1922

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1919:

Aviation Design, development, production, operation and use of aircraft

Aviation, or air transport, refers to the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry. Aircraft includes fixed-wing and rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as lighter-than-air craft such as balloons and airships.

Contents

Events

Raymond Orteig American hotelier

Raymond Orteig was the New York City hotel owner who offered the Orteig Prize for the first non-stop transatlantic flight between New York City and Paris.

Orteig Prize

The Orteig Prize was a reward offered to the first Allied aviator(s) to fly non-stop from New York City to Paris or vice versa. Several famous aviators made unsuccessful attempts at the New York–Paris flight before the relatively unknown American Charles Lindbergh won the prize in 1927 in his aircraft Spirit of St. Louis. However a number of lives were lost by men who were competing to win the prize. Six men died in three separate crashes, and another three were injured in a fourth crash. The Prize occasioned considerable investment in aviation, sometimes many times the value of the prize itself, and advancing public interest and the level of aviation technology.

A transatlantic flight is the flight of an aircraft across the Atlantic Ocean from Europe, Africa, or the Middle East to North America, Central America, or South America, or vice versa. Such flights have been made by fixed-wing aircraft, airships, balloons, and other aircraft.

January

Breguet 14 bomber and reconnaissance aircraft

The Breguet 14 was a French biplane bomber and reconnaissance aircraft of the First World War. It was built in very large numbers and production continued for many years after the end of the war.

A lieutenant is a junior most commissioned officer in the armed forces, fire services, police and other organizations of many nations.

French Army Land warfare branch of Frances military

The French Army, officially the Ground Army to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de l'Air or Air Army, is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces. It is responsible to the Government of France, along with the other four components of the Armed Forces. The current Chief of Staff of the French Army (CEMAT) is General Jean-Pierre Bosser, a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA). General Bosser is also responsible, in part, to the Ministry of the Armed Forces for organization, preparation, use of forces, as well as planning and programming, equipment and Army future acquisitions. For active service, Army units are placed under the authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA), who is responsible to the President of France for planning for, and use, of forces.

February

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

Berlin Capital of Germany

Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,748,148 (2018) inhabitants make it the second most populous city proper of the European Union after London. The city is one of Germany's 16 federal states. It is surrounded by the state of Brandenburg, and contiguous with its capital, Potsdam. The two cities are at the center of the Berlin-Brandenburg capital region, which is, with about six million inhabitants and an area of more than 30,000 km², Germany's third-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr and Rhine-Main regions.

Weimar Place in Thuringia, Germany

Weimar is a city in the federal state of Thuringia, Germany. It is located in Central Germany between Erfurt in the west and Jena in the east, approximately 80 kilometres southwest of Leipzig, 170 kilometres north of Nuremberg and 170 kilometres west of Dresden. Together with the neighbour-cities Erfurt and Jena it forms the central metropolitan area of Thuringia with approximately 500,000 inhabitants, whereas the city itself counts a population of 65,000. Weimar is well known because of its large cultural heritage and its importance in German history.

March

Folkestone town in the Shepway District of Kent, England

Folkestone is a port town on the English Channel, in Kent, south-east England. The town lies on the southern edge of the North Downs at a valley between two cliffs. It was an important harbour and shipping port for most of the 19th and 20th centuries.

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north-northwest. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

Cologne Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Cologne is the largest city of Germany's most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, and its 1 million+ (2016) inhabitants make it the fourth most populous city in Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich. The largest city on the Rhine, it is also the most populous city both of the Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, which is Germany's largest and one of Europe's major metropolitan areas, and of the Rhineland. Centred on the left bank of the Rhine, Cologne is about 45 kilometres (28 mi) southeast of North Rhine-Westphalia's capital of Düsseldorf and 25 kilometres (16 mi) northwest of Bonn. It is the largest city in the Central Franconian and Ripuarian dialect areas.

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

A Caproni biplane flies under the Brooklyn Bridge 1919-newyork-biplane-bridge.jpg
A Caproni biplane flies under the Brooklyn Bridge

November

December

First flights

January

February

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Entered service

May

Retired

August

Births

Related Research Articles

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1935:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1934:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1930:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1931:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1932:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1933:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1921:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1922:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1924:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1923:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1925.

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1926:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1927:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1928:

1912 in aviation

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1912:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1914.

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1916:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1917:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1918:

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1953:

References

  1. Scheina, Robert L., Latin America: A Naval History 1810-1987, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987, ISBN   0-87021-295-8, p. 199.
  2. 1 2 Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN   0-7607-0592-5, p. 186.
  3. 1 2 rafmuseum.org.uk Women's Royal Air Force (WRAF) 1918 - 1920
  4. Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN   0-87021-313-X, p. 30.
  5. 1 2 Layman, R.D., Before the Aircraft Carrier: The Development of Aviation Vessels 1849-1922, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989, ISBN   0-87021-210-9, p. 122.
  6. "Blimp Loosed By Gale; The Navy Dirigible C-5, Blown to Sea from Newfoundland and Picked Up by British Ship.\," The New York Times, May 16, 1919, pp. 1.
  7. "Our Runaway Airship Captured by British Ship Eighty-five Miles at Sea, East of St. John's, N.F.", The New York Times, May 16, 1919, pp. 1.
  8. Shock, James R., US Navy Airships, Edgewater, Florida: Atlantic Press, 2001, ISBN   0-9639743-8-6, pp. 22-27.
  9. O'Connor, Derek, "The Hunt For the Mad Mullah," Aviation History, July 2012, pp. 44-45.
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  13. Pawlak, Debra Ann, "The Baroness of Flight," Aviation History, July 2008, p. 17, claims the height reached was 15,748 feet (4,800 m).
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  16. 1 2 Guttman, Jon, "Heavy Metal Pioneer," Aviation History, January 2016, p. 7.
  17. Colvin, Perry, "Churchill's Aerial Adventures: The Future Prime Minister's Passion For Flying Helped Transform Military Aviation in Britain," Aviation History, January 2012, p. 19.
  18. earlyaviators.com Schubert, Jim, "Book Report: Italian Aviators Rome to Tokyo in 1920 by Lt. Gen'l. (Ret.) Domenico Ludovico"
  19. Gooch, John, Mussolini and His Generals: The Armed Forces and Fascist Foreign Policy, 1922-1940, Cambridge, U.K: Cambridge University Press, 2007, ISBN   978-0-521-85602-7, p. 53.
  20. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-26. Retrieved 2016-08-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. New York Times Index for the Published News. New York Times Company. 1919. p. 2.
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  24. 1 2 "italystl.com Italy's Aeronautical Policy of the 1920's (the Goodwill Tours)". Archived from the original on 2012-02-09. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  25. Jensen, Richard, "The Suicide Club", Aviation History, May 2017, p. 52.
  26. Dobson, Christopher, and John Miller, The Day They Almost Bombed Moscow: The Allied War in Russia, 1918-1920, New York: Atheneum, 1986, no ISBN number, p. 257.
  27. 1 2 Dobson, Christopher, and John Miller, The Day They Almost Bombed Moscow: The Allied War in Russia, 1918-1920, New York: Atheneum, 1986, no ISBN number, p. 20.
  28. Guttman, Robert, "German Giant," Aviation History, September 2014, p. 15.
  29. Guttman, Jon, "Crazy Capronis," Aviation History, July 2008.
  30. Venice Airport Lido: On the Wings of the Sparrow
  31. Guttman, Jon, "Crazy Capronis," Aviation History, July 2008, p. 55.
  32. Dobson, Christopher, and John Miller, The Day They Almost Bombed Moscow: The Allied War in Russia, 1918-1920, New York: Atheneum, 1986, no ISBN number, pp. 224, 225.
  33. Hollway, Don, "Through the Arc," Aviation History, November 2012, p. 41.
  34. http://www.businessedge.ca/archives/article.cfm/adventurous-pilot-flew-into-aviation-history-10852
  35. Daniel, Clifton, Chronicle of the 20th Century, Mount Kisco, New York: Chronicle Publications, 1987, ISBN   0-942191-01-3, p. 304.
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  37. Swanborough, Gordon, and Peter M. Bowers, United States Navy Aircraft Since 1911, Second Edition, London: Putnam, 1976, ISBN   0-370-10054-9, pp. 24, 27.
  38. Morgała, Andrzej. O samolocie inż. Słowika raz jeszcze in: "Lotnictwo z szachownicą" nr. 21(1/2007), pp.30-33 (in Polish)
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  40. Dobson, Christopher, and John Miller, The Day They Almost Bombed Moscow: The Allied War in Russia, 1918-1920, New York: Atheneum, 1986, no ISBN number, p. 21.
  41. Francillon, René J., Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1979, ISBN   0-87021-313-X, p. 26.
  42. Aviation Hawaii: 1879-1919 Chronology of Aviation in Hawaii
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  44. "Airmail Creates An Industry". National Postal Museum . Retrieved 2013-12-18.
  45. Peattie, Mark R., Sunburst: The Rise of Japanese Naval Air Power 1909-1941, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2001, ISBN   1-55750-432-6, p. 17.
  46. Gardiner, Robert, ed., Conway(('))s All the World(('))s Fighting Ships 1906-1921, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1985, ISBN   0-87021-907-3, p. 240.
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  48. Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 197.
  49. Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, ISBN   0-517-56588-9, p. 421.
  50. Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, ISBN   0-517-56588-9, p. 430.
  51. Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 196.
  52. Angelucci, Enzo, The American Fighter: The Definitive Guide to American Fighter Aircraft From 1917 to the Present, New York: Orion Books, 1987, p. 115.
  53. Donald, David, ed., The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aircraft, New York: Barnes & Noble Books, 1997, ISBN   978-0-7607-0592-6, p. 77.