Eurovision Song Contest 1979

Last updated
Eurovision Song Contest 1979
ESC 1979 logo.png
Dates
Final31 March 1979
Host
VenueUssishkin Auditorium at the
International Convention Center
Jerusalem, Israel
Presenter(s) Daniel Pe'er
Yardena Arazi
Conductor Izhak Graziani
Directed byYossi Zemach
Executive supervisor Frank Naef
Executive producer Alex Gilady
Host broadcaster Israeli Broadcasting Authority (IBA)
Interval actShalom '79 (Peace '79)
Participants
Number of entries19
Debuting countriesNone
Returning countriesNone
Withdrawing countriesFlag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Vote
Voting systemEach country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs
Nul points None
Winning songFlag of Israel.svg  Israel
"Hallelujah"

The Eurovision Song Contest 1979 was the 24th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held on 31 March 1979 in Jerusalem, Israel, following the country's win at the 1978 edition. The event was staged at the International Convention Center. The presenters were Daniel Pe'er and Yardena Arazi.

Eurovision Song Contest Annual song competition held among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union

The Eurovision Song Contest, often simply called Eurovision, is an international song competition held primarily among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. Each participating country submits an original song to be performed on live television and radio, then casts votes for the other countries' songs to determine the winner. At least 50 countries are eligible to compete as of 2018, and since 2015, Australia has been allowed as a guest entrant.

Jerusalem City in the Middle East

Jerusalem is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.

Israel country in the Middle East

Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.

Contents

The winner was Israel with the song "Hallelujah", performed by Gali Atari and Milk and Honey. Therefore, this was Israel's consecutive second win, and overall second win, in the contest. 19 countries participated, the 20 countries that took part at the previous 1978 Contest, except for Turkey which was also going to participate but eventually withdrew its entry for political reasons. Yugoslavia, who missed the 1978 Contest, also didn't want to take part nor transmit the 1979 show for political reasons. As well as being broadcast live in the 19 competing countries, the contest was broadcast in Turkey, Romania, Hong Kong and Iceland.

Hallelujah (Gali Atari and Milk & Honey song) Gali Atari and Milk & Honey song performed at Eurovision 1979

"Hallelujah" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1979, performed in Hebrew by Gali Atari and Milk & Honey for Israel.

Gali Atari Israeli actor and singer

Avigail "Gali" Atari is an Israeli singer and actress. Atari won the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 which was held in Jerusalem, Israel, with Milk and Honey.

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

As of 2019, it was the last time the contest was held in March.

Location

International Convention Center, Jerusalem - host venue of the 1979 contest. Binyanei-HaUmah.JPG
International Convention Center, Jerusalem – host venue of the 1979 contest.

Located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world. In the ancient cuneiform, Jerusalem was called "Urusalima", meaning "City of Peace", during the early Canaanite period (approximately 2400 BC). [1] It is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religionsJudaism, Christianity and Islam.

Judaean Mountains Mountain range in Israel and the West Bank

The Judaean Mountains, or Judaean Hills, is a mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located. The mountains reach a height of 1,026 metres (3,366 ft). The Judean Mountains can be separated to a number of sub-regions, including the Mount Hebron ridge, the Jerusalem ridge and the Judean slopes. These mountains formed the heartland of the Kingdom of Judah, where the earliest Jewish settlements emerged.

Mediterranean Sea Sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean between Europe, Africa and Asia

The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant. Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually identified as a separate body of water. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely desiccated over a period of some 600,000 years, the Messinian salinity crisis, before being refilled by the Zanclean flood about 5.3 million years ago.

Dead Sea salt lake bordering Jordan and Israel

The Dead Sea is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River.

Format

Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs. This was the last year in which the points were announced via order of appearance, as opposed to order of preference.

The voting was extremely close. Israel gained a good lead in the early stages of the voting, but Spain eventually caught up and took a good lead themselves. At the close of the penultimate jury's votes, Israel were one point behind Spain, and only the Spanish jury had yet to give their votes. Spain ended up giving Israel 10 points, causing the crowd to erupt into enormous cheers.

Participating countries

At one point before the contest Turkey was going to participate. The country would have appeared 11th on stage (between Israel and France), represented by Maria Rita Epik and 21. Peron with the song "Seviyorum" ("I'm Loving"). However Turkey was forced to retire from the contest under pressure from Arab states who objected to a predominantly Muslim country taking part in a contest held in Israel, [2] but they however took part in Jerusalem 20 years later.

Maria Rita Epik is a Turkish musician of Italian Levantine descent, who won the Turkish pre-Elimination of the Eurovision Song Contest 1979. In 1990 she opened the Epik Music School in her native Izmir. She attended Virginia Tech in the United States.

21.Peron was a Turkish progressive rock band in the 1970s. The band participated in the 1979 Eurovision Song Contest with a song called "Seviyorum". The band won in the elimination round; however, due to political concerns, the Turkish Republic decided not to attend the 1979 Eurovision Song Contest, which took place in Israel.

Eurovision Song Contest 1999 song contest

The Eurovision Song Contest 1999 was the 44th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Jerusalem, Israel, following Dana International's win at the 1998 contest in Birmingham, United Kingdom with the song "Diva". This was Israel's third victory in the contest, and the second time hosting the event.

Returning artists

The contest saw the return of four artists who had participated in previous editions of the contest: France's representative Anne-Marie David was the winner for Luxembourg in 1973, Netherlands' Xandra represented the country in 1972 and 1976, Norway's Anita Skorgan represented the country in 1977, and Switzerland's Peter, Sue and Marc represented the country in 1971 and 1976.

Anne-Marie David French singer

Anne-Marie David is a French singer. She has represented two countries at the Eurovision Song Contest.

Luxembourg was represented by French singer Anne-Marie David, with the song '"Tu te reconnaîtras", at the 1973 Eurovision Song Contest, which took place on 7 April in Luxembourg City following the victory of Vicky Leandros for the Grand Duchy the previous year in Edinburgh. The song was chosen internally by broadcaster RTL and went on to bring Luxembourg their second consecutive Eurovision victory and a fourth in total.

Sandra Reemer Dutch singer

Barbara Alexandra "Sandra" Reemer was an Indo-Dutch singer and television presenter. She has represented the Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest on three separate occasions, tying with Corry Brokken for most appearances representing the country.

Conductors

For each nation's performance, the orchestra was conducted by the following:

Portugal in the Eurovision Song Contest

Portugal has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 50 times since its debut at the 1964 contest. Since then it has missed five contests. The contest is broadcast in Portugal by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP). Portugal won the contest for the first time in 2017 and hosted the 2018 contest in Lisbon.

Italy in the Eurovision Song Contest

Italy has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 44 times since making its debut at the first contest in 1956. It was one of only seven countries that competed at the very first contest. Italy competed at the contest frequently until 1997. After a 14-year absence, the country returned to the contest in 2011. Italy has won the contest twice.

Denmark in the Eurovision Song Contest

Denmark has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 47 times since its debut in 1957. Having competed in ten consecutive contests until 1966, Denmark was absent for eleven consecutive contests from 1967 to 1977. Since 1978, they have been absent from only four contests. Denmark has won the contest three times. The Danish qualifying competition for the contest is the Dansk Melodi Grand Prix.

Results

The following tables reflect the confirmed, verified scores, which were adjusted after the live broadcast. During the voting announcement, due to a misunderstanding by the presenter Yardena Arazi, Spain appeared to award 10 points to both Portugal and Israel and these scores were added to the scoreboard. After the programme, verification confirmed that Portugal should only have received six points, leaving the total Portuguese score reduced by four points to 64.

DrawCountryArtistSongLanguage [3] PlacePoints
01Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Manuela Bravo "Sobe, sobe, balão sobe" Portuguese 964
02Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Matia Bazar "Raggio di luna" Italian 1527
03Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark Tommy Seebach "Disco Tango" Danish 676
04Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland Cathal Dunne "Happy Man" English 580
05Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Katri Helena "Katson sineen taivaan" Finnish 1438
06Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco Laurent Vaguener "Notre vie c'est la musique" French 1612
07Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Elpida "Sokrati" (Σωκράτη) Greek 869
08Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Peter, Sue, Marc, Pfuri, Gorps and Kniri "Trödler und Co" German 1060
09Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Dschinghis Khan "Dschinghis Khan"German486
10Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Gali Atari and Milk and Honey "Hallelujah" (הללויה) Hebrew 1125
11Flag of France.svg  France Anne-Marie David "Je suis l'enfant soleil"French3106
12Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Micha Marah "Hey Nana" Dutch 185
13Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg Jeane Manson "J'ai déjà vu ça dans tes yeux"French1344
14Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands Xandra "Colorado"Dutch1251
15Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden Ted Gärdestad "Satellit" Swedish 178
16Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Anita Skorgan "Oliver" Norwegian 1157
17Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Black Lace "Mary Ann"English773
18Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Christina Simon "Heute in Jerusalem"German185
19Flag of Spain (1977-1981).svg  Spain Betty Missiego "Su canción" Spanish 2116

Scoreboard

Results
ESCTotaltscoreJ.svg ESCPortugalJ.svg ESCItalyJ.svg ESCDenmarkJ.svg ESCIrelandJ.svg ESCFinlandJ.svg ESCMonaco.svg ESCGreeceJ.svg ESCSwitzerland.svg ESCGermanyJ.svg ESCIsrael.svg ESCFranceJ.svg ESCBelgiumJ.svg ESCLuxembourgJ.svg ESCNetherlandsJ.svg ESCSwedenJ.svg ESCNorwayJ.svg ESCUnitedKingdomJ.svg ESCAustria.svg ESCSpainJ.svg
ESCConJ.svg Portugal6462544105333676
Italy278838
Denmark7623121101267481334
Ireland80555610663107854
Finland38778556
Monaco1212432
Greece691014772104157227
Switzerland60711022747812
Germany86211253126124126812
Israel12512612128451281121212810
France10661011081056121257653
Belgium5212
Luxembourg4473445324210
Netherlands5181053373444
Sweden8611
Norway573386282610711
United Kingdom7348107712851065
Austria541
Spain116123612128812101071510
The table is ordered by appearance

12 points

Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:

N.ContestantVoting nation
6 Israel Finland, Ireland, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom
4 Germany Denmark, France, Monaco, Spain
Spain Belgium, Germany, Italy, Switzerland
2 Denmark Greece, Israel
France Luxembourg, Netherlands
1 Switzerland Austria

International broadcasts and voting

Voting and spokespersons

Commentators

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