|Eurovision Song Contest 1979|
|Final||31 March 1979|
|Venue||Ussishkin Auditorium at the|
International Convention Center
|Presenter(s)|| Daniel Pe'er |
|Directed by||Yossi Zemach|
|Executive supervisor||Frank Naef|
|Executive producer||Alex Gilady|
|Host broadcaster||Israeli Broadcasting Authority (IBA)|
|Interval act||Shalom '79 (Peace '79)|
|Number of entries||19|
|Voting system||Each country awarded 12, 10, 8-1 point(s) to their 10 favourite songs|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1979 was the 24th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It was held on 31 March 1979 in Jerusalem, Israel, following the country's win at the 1978 edition. The event was staged at the International Convention Center. The presenters were Daniel Pe'er and Yardena Arazi.
The Eurovision Song Contest, often simply called Eurovision, is an international song competition held primarily among the member countries of the European Broadcasting Union. Each participating country submits an original song to be performed on live television and radio, then casts votes for the other countries' songs to determine the winner. At least 50 countries are eligible to compete as of 2018, and since 2015, Australia has been allowed as a guest entrant.
Jerusalem is a city in the Middle East, located on a plateau in the Judaean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. It is one of the oldest cities in the world, and is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority claim Jerusalem as their capital, as Israel maintains its primary governmental institutions there and the State of Palestine ultimately foresees it as its seat of power; however, neither claim is widely recognized internationally.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in Western Asia, located on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan on the east, the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the east and west, respectively, and Egypt to the southwest. The country contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel's economic and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem, although the state's sovereignty over Jerusalem has only partial recognition.
The winner was Israel with the song "Hallelujah", performed by Gali Atari and Milk and Honey. Therefore, this was Israel's consecutive second win, and overall second win, in the contest. 19 countries participated, the 20 countries that took part at the previous 1978 Contest, except for Turkey which was also going to participate but eventually withdrew its entry for political reasons. Yugoslavia, who missed the 1978 Contest, also didn't want to take part nor transmit the 1979 show for political reasons. As well as being broadcast live in the 19 competing countries, the contest was broadcast in Turkey, Romania, Hong Kong and Iceland.
"Hallelujah" was the winning song of the Eurovision Song Contest 1979, performed in Hebrew by Gali Atari and Milk & Honey for Israel.
Avigail "Gali" Atari is an Israeli singer and actress. Atari won the Eurovision Song Contest 1979 which was held in Jerusalem, Israel, with Milk and Honey.
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.
As of 2019, it was the last time the contest was held in March.
Located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, Jerusalem is one of the oldest cities in the world. In the ancient cuneiform, Jerusalem was called "Urusalima", meaning "City of Peace", during the early Canaanite period (approximately 2400 BC).It is considered holy to the three major Abrahamic religions—Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
The Judaean Mountains, or Judaean Hills, is a mountain range in Israel and the West Bank where Jerusalem and several other biblical cities are located. The mountains reach a height of 1,026 metres (3,366 ft). The Judean Mountains can be separated to a number of sub-regions, including the Mount Hebron ridge, the Jerusalem ridge and the Judean slopes. These mountains formed the heartland of the Kingdom of Judah, where the earliest Jewish settlements emerged.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant. Although the sea is sometimes considered a part of the Atlantic Ocean, it is usually identified as a separate body of water. Geological evidence indicates that around 5.9 million years ago, the Mediterranean was cut off from the Atlantic and was partly or completely desiccated over a period of some 600,000 years, the Messinian salinity crisis, before being refilled by the Zanclean flood about 5.3 million years ago.
The Dead Sea is a salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. It lies in the Jordan Rift Valley, and its main tributary is the Jordan River.
Each country had a jury who awarded 12, 10, 8, 7, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 point(s) for their top ten songs. This was the last year in which the points were announced via order of appearance, as opposed to order of preference.
The voting was extremely close. Israel gained a good lead in the early stages of the voting, but Spain eventually caught up and took a good lead themselves. At the close of the penultimate jury's votes, Israel were one point behind Spain, and only the Spanish jury had yet to give their votes. Spain ended up giving Israel 10 points, causing the crowd to erupt into enormous cheers.
At one point before the contest Turkey was going to participate. The country would have appeared 11th on stage (between Israel and France), represented by Maria Rita Epik and 21. Peron with the song "Seviyorum" ("I'm Loving"). However Turkey was forced to retire from the contest under pressure from Arab states who objected to a predominantly Muslim country taking part in a contest held in Israel,but they however took part in Jerusalem 20 years later.
Maria Rita Epik is a Turkish musician of Italian Levantine descent, who won the Turkish pre-Elimination of the Eurovision Song Contest 1979. In 1990 she opened the Epik Music School in her native Izmir. She attended Virginia Tech in the United States.
21.Peron was a Turkish progressive rock band in the 1970s. The band participated in the 1979 Eurovision Song Contest with a song called "Seviyorum". The band won in the elimination round; however, due to political concerns, the Turkish Republic decided not to attend the 1979 Eurovision Song Contest, which took place in Israel.
The Eurovision Song Contest 1999 was the 44th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Jerusalem, Israel, following Dana International's win at the 1998 contest in Birmingham, United Kingdom with the song "Diva". This was Israel's third victory in the contest, and the second time hosting the event.
The contest saw the return of four artists who had participated in previous editions of the contest: France's representative Anne-Marie David was the winner for Luxembourg in 1973, Netherlands' Xandra represented the country in 1972 and 1976, Norway's Anita Skorgan represented the country in 1977, and Switzerland's Peter, Sue and Marc represented the country in 1971 and 1976.
Anne-Marie David is a French singer. She has represented two countries at the Eurovision Song Contest.
Luxembourg was represented by French singer Anne-Marie David, with the song '"Tu te reconnaîtras", at the 1973 Eurovision Song Contest, which took place on 7 April in Luxembourg City following the victory of Vicky Leandros for the Grand Duchy the previous year in Edinburgh. The song was chosen internally by broadcaster RTL and went on to bring Luxembourg their second consecutive Eurovision victory and a fourth in total.
Barbara Alexandra "Sandra" Reemer was an Indo-Dutch singer and television presenter. She has represented the Netherlands in the Eurovision Song Contest on three separate occasions, tying with Corry Brokken for most appearances representing the country.
For each nation's performance, the orchestra was conducted by the following:
Portugal has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 50 times since its debut at the 1964 contest. Since then it has missed five contests. The contest is broadcast in Portugal by Rádio e Televisão de Portugal (RTP). Portugal won the contest for the first time in 2017 and hosted the 2018 contest in Lisbon.
Italy has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 44 times since making its debut at the first contest in 1956. It was one of only seven countries that competed at the very first contest. Italy competed at the contest frequently until 1997. After a 14-year absence, the country returned to the contest in 2011. Italy has won the contest twice.
Denmark has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 47 times since its debut in 1957. Having competed in ten consecutive contests until 1966, Denmark was absent for eleven consecutive contests from 1967 to 1977. Since 1978, they have been absent from only four contests. Denmark has won the contest three times. The Danish qualifying competition for the contest is the Dansk Melodi Grand Prix.
The following tables reflect the confirmed, verified scores, which were adjusted after the live broadcast. During the voting announcement, due to a misunderstanding by the presenter Yardena Arazi, Spain appeared to award 10 points to both Portugal and Israel and these scores were added to the scoreboard. After the programme, verification confirmed that Portugal should only have received six points, leaving the total Portuguese score reduced by four points to 64.
|01||Manuela Bravo||"Sobe, sobe, balão sobe"||Portuguese||9||64|
|02||Matia Bazar||"Raggio di luna"||Italian||15||27|
|03||Tommy Seebach||"Disco Tango"||Danish||6||76|
|04||Cathal Dunne||"Happy Man"||English||5||80|
|05||Katri Helena||"Katson sineen taivaan"||Finnish||14||38|
|06||Laurent Vaguener||"Notre vie c'est la musique"||French||16||12|
|08||Peter, Sue, Marc, Pfuri, Gorps and Kniri||"Trödler und Co"||German||10||60|
|09||Dschinghis Khan||"Dschinghis Khan"||German||4||86|
|10||Gali Atari and Milk and Honey||"Hallelujah" (הללויה)||Hebrew||1||125|
|11||Anne-Marie David||"Je suis l'enfant soleil"||French||3||106|
|12||Micha Marah||"Hey Nana"||Dutch||18||5|
|13||Jeane Manson||"J'ai déjà vu ça dans tes yeux"||French||13||44|
|17||Black Lace||"Mary Ann"||English||7||73|
|18||Christina Simon||"Heute in Jerusalem"||German||18||5|
|19||Betty Missiego||"Su canción"||Spanish||2||116|
|The table is ordered by appearance|
Below is a summary of all 12 points in the final:
|6||Israel||Finland, Ireland, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, United Kingdom|
|4||Germany||Denmark, France, Monaco, Spain|
|Spain||Belgium, Germany, Italy, Switzerland|
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