Greater Columbus Convention Center

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Greater Columbus Convention Center
GCCC new Logo 9.27.16.png
Columbus, Ohio JJ 42-crop.jpg
Greater Columbus Convention Center
Address400 N. High St., Columbus, Ohio
Coordinates 39°58′17.8″N83°0′1.8″W / 39.971611°N 83.000500°W / 39.971611; -83.000500 Coordinates: 39°58′17.8″N83°0′1.8″W / 39.971611°N 83.000500°W / 39.971611; -83.000500
OwnerFranklin County Convention Facilities Authority [1]
OperatorASM Global [1]
Architect Peter Eisenman, Richard Trott
Opened1993 (Ohio Center in 1980)
Expanded1999 and 2017
Construction cost
$94 million (not including expansions)
Enclosed space
  Total space1,800,000 sq ft (170,000 m2) [1]
  Exhibit hall floor447,000 sq ft (41,500 m2) (noncontiguous) [1]
  Breakout/meeting118,000 sq ft (11,000 m2) (75 rooms) [1]
  Ballroom114,000 sq ft (10,600 m2) [1]
ParkingFour garages [1]
Public transit accessAiga bus trans.svg COTA alt logo.svg 1, 2, 5, 6, 9, 13, 102, AirConnect, CMAX, Night Owl
Ic directions bike 48px.svg CoGo
Website
www.columbusconventions.com

The Greater Columbus Convention Center (GCCC) is a convention center located in Downtown Columbus, Ohio, United States, along the east side of North High Street.

Contents

The convention center was designed by Peter Eisenman, constructed in 1993, and expanded in 1999 and again in 2016. Venue management company ASM Global oversees day-to-day operations of the 1.8-million-square-foot (170,000 m2) facility, including 447,000 square feet (41,500 m2) of exhibit space, three ballrooms, and 75 meeting rooms. [2]

History

Ohio Center

Battelle Hall, part of the Ohio Center portion Battelle Hall.jpg
Battelle Hall, part of the Ohio Center portion

The convention center was conceived in 1969 as a way for the City of Columbus to generate economic revenue by hosting events and revitalize the downtown area after a period of decline. [3] Voters approved a $6 million bond in 1971 to purchase 27.5 acres (11.1 ha) which was the site of the first Union Station in the world. [4] [5] Construction was later delayed as the city secured the land, demolished the arcade of Union Station, and changed the building's plans. [4] The station's demolition faced criticism from agencies and the public, with little to no news of the demolition publicized until it occurred, and the demolition followed improper procedures. [6] Funding construction remained an issue and Battelle Memorial Institute stepped in with a large donation and appointed Batelle official Clyde Tipton Jr. to lead the project. [7]

The groundbreaking ceremony was held on February 3, 1978. [8] The Ohio Center (now Batelle Hall) opened in September 1980 with 700,000 square feet spread over five stories with 60,000 square feet of open exhibit space, 30,000 square feet of balcony area. Almost immediately, issues were found in the use and amount of space and city officials began plans for a second convention center. Committees to study the use of the building and propose recommendations were formed in 1985 and 1987 but voters rejected both proposals. [7]

Eisenman addition, 1989

The Columbus Convention Center west facade facing High Street ColumbusConventionCenter.JPG
The Columbus Convention Center west facade facing High Street

In 1989, a final suvey and proposal were completed that voters approved. The plan called for a hotel-motel tax to fund the $80 million building that included a 300,000-square-foot exhibit hall. [7]

Architects of the building, Peter Eisenman and Richard Trott, were selected through an international design competition. [9] Other entries in the competition included Acock Schlegel Architects, Michael Graves, John E. Foster and Associates and Holt Hinshaw Pfau Jones, and Homer Tritt Associates and Arup. Eisenman's design was seen as exciting to the jury and reminiscent of the railroad tracks the building was to be built on. [10] Its avant-garde design of the building was also intended as a lure for conventions and trade shows and anchor the revitializing Short North neighborhood. [11]

When the 580,000-square-foot building opened in March 1993, it cost $94 million. [12] On Saturday, March 13, 1993, the building was dedicated and opened to the public. Its opening coincided with its first show, the Columbus International Auto Show. [13] In 1996, the Franklin County Convention Facilities Authority took ownership of the Ohio Center to streamline operations and planning between the center and GCCC. [14]

Expansions and renovations

In 1999, a $77 million expansion began. [15] The 250,000 square feet expansion to the building was completed in 2001 at the cost of $85 million. More parking was created along with a renovations of amenities and the south building. [16]

Early January 9, 2008, a 1930s-era water main broke and flooded the entire length of the Main Hall. Officials from the Columbus Division of Fire were concerned that part of the building, including the main hall, might collapse due to structural failure. It was soon determined, however, that the building was not in any danger. The SMG-managed Greater Columbus Convention Center reopened for business as usual the morning after successfully restoring the north facility to regular conditions in the aftermath of a 16-inch water-main rupture at Swan and High Streets. Water from the break traveled under the building and surfaced within the facility. Once structural engineers inspected the facility and deemed it structurally sound, water removal and restoration efforts began, which involved 150 people, 600 carpet blowers and 75 water extractors. Damage within the facility was aesthetic in nature, requiring primarily the replacement of carpeting and drywall in some areas. [17] The restoration company received a national award for the work performed, which included challenging indoor concrete pours at the site where crews needed to remove the concrete and dig underground to locate the actual point where the water line broke.[ citation needed ]

In 2014, plans to renovate the building for a cost of $125 million began to take shape. Renovations included the interior of the building, expansion, and total redesign of the north end of the center. [18] The renovations were completed in July 2017. [19]

Convention area lodging

In 2008, Experience Columbus, the convention and visitors bureau, began to recognize that the city was at a competitive disadvantage due to the lack of hotel rooms which put the city at danger of losing new and old business at GCCC. [20] In 2010, ground was broken for the publicly financed, 532-room Hilton Columbus Downtown to help meet the growing demand for events at the convention center. It opened in 2012 and underwent a $125 million renovation in 2015. [21] [22]

In 2016, Columbus bid on hosting Democratic and Republican National Conventions, losing both. In 2017, Experience Columbus commissioned a "Hotel and Development Study" and found the city has fewer hotel rooms within a 10-minute walk of the convention center than other locations. [23] The survey recommended the expansion of the Hyatt Regency or the Hilton Columbus Downtown to meet the need of a 1,000-room hotel for convention-center area lodging, estimating $22.5 million a year in direct spending. [24] [23] In 2018, the city announced the expansion of the Hilton Columbus Downtown which would add 468 rooms for a total of 1,000 rooms. [23]

Conferences and events

Annual expositions

Interior of the facility's Battelle Atrium North-Lobby.jpg
Interior of the facility's Battelle Atrium

Exhibition halls

Hall nameDimensionsArea sq. ft.Ceiling heightFloor loadTheaterBanquetClassroom10x10 booths
Battelle Grand281x17749,52233'150 psf/8,000 single vehicle443422902469219
Battelle Grand Mezzanine22,55022'980105
Battelle Grand North160x17727,92233'150 psf/8,000 single vehicle248014401131105
Battelle Grand North Mezzanine22'73073
Battelle Grand South124x17721,60033'150 psf/8,000 single vehicle144295068481
Battelle Grand South Mezzanine22'25032
Battelle A73'6x866,32133'150 psf/8,000 single vehicle588300210-
Battelle B73'6x866,32133'150 psf/8,000 single vehicle588300210-
Battelle C74x176.75"15,20033'
Exhibit Hall A270x36098,00030'Unlimited6,200530
Exhibit Hall B330x360118,00030'Unlimited7,200630
Exhibit Hall C235x298 with corridor and 208x298 without corridor72,000 with corridor and 63,950 without corridor30'Unlimited4140360
Exhibit Hall D208x207 with corridor wall closed87,000 without the corridor wall closed30'Unlimited4,860202

Design

The Greater Columbus Convention Center in 1993, prior to multiple expansions GCCC Columbus.jpg
The Greater Columbus Convention Center in 1993, prior to multiple expansions

Architects of the building, Peter Eisenman and Richard Trott, were selected through an international design competition. Dan Graveline, an expert on convention centers, consulted on the project by creating the GCCC functional diagram to which the design was created. [9]

The building was Eisenman's first civic commission and his second commission in Columbus (the first being the Wexner Center for the Arts). [12] The large exhibition space is the feature of the building with meeting rooms coming off its side. The simple plan, color-coding sections of the building and carpeting aided by wayfinding help guest to easily navigate the building. [9] The facade of the building along a three-block stretch of High Street alternates masonry and glass cladding and is broken up in 11 segments. The interior concourse has a zigzagging path that breaks up its length and creates the illusion of height through skylights, overhead footbridges and suspended ceilings.Executive Director of the Franklin County Convention Facilities Authority, Claire S. Hazucha, felt that the building's nontraditional design would be a selling point. [12]

Owned and developed by the Franklin County Convention Facilities Authority, the GCCC embarked on a full-scale exterior and interior renovation in 2015 that was completed in 2017. As part of the expansion nearly 37,000 square feet of exhibit space and 10,000 square feet of two-level meeting space was added.

The venue currently has 447,000 square feet of exhibit space, 75 meeting rooms and 114,000 square feet of ballroom space, including 74,000-square-foot Battelle Grand, known as the largest multipurpose ballroom in Ohio. The Union Station Ballroom measures 25,000 square feet, while the Short North Ballroom offers 15,000 square feet of space. The four contiguous exhibit halls encompass 373,000 square feet.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "About".
  2. "Greater Columbus Convention Center Profile". CitySearch. 2007. Retrieved January 9, 2008.
  3. "City Convention Center Definite, But..." The Columbus Dispatch. July 6, 1969. pp. 17, 23. Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  4. 1 2 "6 Years Later, Ground Not Broken for Center". The Columbus Dispatch. July 31, 1977. p. 40. Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  5. "Convention Center Bond Issue Recommended". The Columbus Dispatch. May 18, 1971. p. 1. Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  6. National Register of Historic Places - Nomination Form: Union Station Entrance. National Register of Historic Places. File Unit: National Register of Historic Places and National Historic Landmarks Program Records: Ohio, 1964 - 2013. National Park Service. January 17, 1974. Retrieved May 6, 2020.
  7. 1 2 3 "Sizing Up The Center - Convention Center Controversies Have Swirled Around How Big To Build It". The Columbus Dispatch. February 5, 1989. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  8. "Businesses Near Convention Center Happy Ground was Finally Broken". The Columbus Dispatch. February 5, 1978. p. 11. Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  9. 1 2 3 Nasar, Jack (March 14, 1993). "CONVENTION CENTER'S INTERIOR AN EXCITING SPACE - ARCHITECTURE REVIEW". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  10. "Railroad Yard Design Picked for Convention Center". The Columbus Dispatch. April 5, 1989. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  11. "Let the City Convene! - Many Anticipating Greater Columbus Convention Center". The Columbus Dispatch. August 25, 1991. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  12. 1 2 3 Muschamp, Herbert (May 2, 1993). "ARCHITECTURE VIEW; This Time, Eisenman Goes Conventional". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  13. "Convention Center Plans a Public Housewarming". The Columbus Dispatch. February 4, 1993. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  14. "Convention Center Authority to Control Former Ohio Center". The Columbus Dispatch. December 4, 1996. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  15. "Watch Dirt Fly on the Internet - Convention Center Expansion". The Columbus Dispatch. June 11, 1999. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  16. "Expansion Helping City Retain Groups with Growing Needs". The Columbus Dispatch. February 21, 2001. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  17. "After flood, convention center set to reopen - Structural integrity not compromised by break of uncharted waterline". The Columbus Dispath. January 10, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  18. "Convention center - Officials to seek $125M makeover". The Columbus Dispatch. June 13, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  19. "Convention Center overhaul nearing finish". The Columbus Dispatch. June 25, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  20. "Conventional decisions - Columbus has a smaller budget and fewer hotel rooms than other comparable cities What can it do to compete?". The Columbus Dispatch. June 8, 2008. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  21. "Room to spare - Ground was broken yesterday for the new Hilton Columbus Downtown, which already is bringing in more convention business. Officials say that justifies the public financial stake". The Columbus Dispatch. July 14, 2010. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  22. "High-end hotels sign of city's growth". The Columbus Dispatch. October 25, 2015. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  23. 1 2 3 "Growing room". The Columbus Dispatch. March 2, 2018. Retrieved April 24, 2022.
  24. "Convention Center - Developing a 'district'". The Columbus Dispatch. May 25, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2022.