Fairfield County, Ohio

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Fairfield County
Fairfield County (Ohio) Courhouse.jpg
Fairfield County Courthouse
Seal of Fairfield County (Ohio).svg
Map of Ohio highlighting Fairfield County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Ohio in United States.svg
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°45′N82°38′W / 39.75°N 82.63°W / 39.75; -82.63
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Ohio.svg  Ohio
FoundedDecember 9, 1800 [1]
Named for the Fairfield area of Lancaster, Lancashire, UK
Seat Lancaster
Largest cityLancaster
Area
  Total509 sq mi (1,320 km2)
  Land504 sq mi (1,310 km2)
  Water4.2 sq mi (11 km2)  0.8%%
Population
 (2020)
  Total158,921
  Density310/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 15th
Website www.co.fairfield.oh.us

Fairfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2020 census, the population was 158,921. [2] Its county seat is Lancaster. [3] Its name is a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.

Contents

Fairfield County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Fairfield County originally encompassed all or parts of present day Knox, Hocking, Licking, Perry, and Pickaway Counties. [4] Fairfield is a descriptive name referring to the beauty of their fields. [5]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 509 square miles (1,320 km2), of which 504 square miles (1,310 km2) is land and 4.2 square miles (11 km2) (0.8%) is water. [6]

Fairfield County sits just on the edge of Ohio's Appalachian region. While the once-glaciated northern portion of the county is fairly flat, as one travels south along U.S. 33 one can easily recognize the foothills of a mountainous region beginning around the village of Carroll. Although not officially part of the state or federal definition of Appalachia, certain areas of Fairfield County—particularly south of U.S. 22—bear a distinctly Appalachian feel in both physical geography and demographics.

The scenic Hocking Hills region lies immediately to the south, mostly in neighboring Hocking County. A large portion of Buckeye Lake is located in northeastern Fairfield County.

Mudhouse Mansion, an alleged haunted house, was located in the county.

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1810 11,361
1820 16,63346.4%
1830 24,78649.0%
1840 31,92428.8%
1850 30,264−5.2%
1860 30,5380.9%
1870 31,1382.0%
1880 34,28410.1%
1890 33,939−1.0%
1900 34,2590.9%
1910 39,20114.4%
1920 40,4843.3%
1930 44,0108.7%
1940 48,49010.2%
1950 52,1307.5%
1960 63,91222.6%
1970 73,30114.7%
1980 93,67827.8%
1990 103,46110.4%
2000 122,75918.7%
2010 146,15619.1%
2020 158,9218.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2020 [2]

2000 census

As of the census [11] of 2010, there were 146,156 people, 54,310 households, and 39,846 families living in the county. The population density was 289 people per square mile (111/km2). There were 58,678 housing units at an average density of 116 per square mile (44/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 90.02% White, 6.00% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 1.10% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 1.90% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 54,310 households, out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.60% were non-families. 21.90% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.20% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.30 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $47,962, and the median income for a family was $55,539. Males had a median income of $39,566 versus $27,353 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,671. About 4.50% of families and 5.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.40% of those under age 18 and 6.20% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 146,156 people, 54,310 households, and 39,846 families living in the county. [12] The population density was 289.8 inhabitants per square mile (111.9/km2). There were 58,687 housing units at an average density of 116.3 per square mile (44.9/km2). [13] The racial makeup of the county was 90.2% white, 6.0% black or African American, 1.1% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population. [12] In terms of ancestry, 31.2% were German, 16.2% were Irish, 11.7% were English, 8.6% were American, and 5.2% were Italian. [14]

Of the 54,310 households, 37.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families, and 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.07. The median age was 38.2 years. [12]

The median income for a household in the county was $56,796 and the median income for a family was $65,835. Males had a median income of $49,314 versus $37,209 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,130. About 7.5% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over. [15]

Politics

United States presidential election results for Fairfield County, Ohio [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 50,79760.97%31,22437.48%1,2901.55%
2016 44,31460.25%24,88133.83%4,3595.93%
2012 41,03456.82%29,89041.39%1,2961.79%
2008 41,58057.63%29,25040.54%1,3171.83%
2004 42,71562.93%24,78336.51%3840.57%
2000 33,52361.97%19,06535.24%1,5062.78%
1996 26,85052.98%18,82137.13%5,0139.89%
1992 24,12547.50%14,24928.06%12,41524.44%
1988 29,20869.46%12,50429.74%3390.81%
1984 30,84375.17%9,81723.92%3730.91%
1980 24,09660.98%13,14433.26%2,2755.76%
1976 19,09857.73%13,36140.39%6201.87%
1972 21,90971.67%7,74625.34%9132.99%
1968 14,81052.03%9,53333.49%4,12414.49%
1964 11,48042.38%15,61157.62%00.00%
1960 17,74366.03%9,12833.97%00.00%
1956 15,64765.24%8,33734.76%00.00%
1952 15,02762.18%9,14037.82%00.00%
1948 9,47150.09%9,37549.58%610.32%
1944 11,13556.89%8,43943.11%00.00%
1940 10,81348.90%11,29851.10%00.00%
1936 8,06238.70%12,32259.16%4462.14%
1932 8,05043.04%10,41055.66%2441.30%
1928 12,07267.87%5,61931.59%970.55%
1924 8,28153.80%5,89038.26%1,2227.94%
1920 7,57246.46%8,61052.83%1160.71%
1916 3,38034.69%6,17263.34%1921.97%
1912 1,67218.83%5,10157.45%2,10623.72%
1908 4,02340.24%5,82158.22%1541.54%
1904 4,08445.26%4,63251.33%3083.41%
1900 3,73840.14%5,43158.32%1441.55%
1896 3,43239.20%5,25059.96%740.85%
1892 3,00437.83%4,65058.56%2873.61%
1888 3,05837.64%4,84659.65%2202.71%
1884 3,21038.94%4,92259.70%1121.36%
1880 3,10338.91%4,84260.72%290.36%
1876 2,77037.57%4,59762.36%50.07%
1872 2,54039.40%3,88860.31%190.29%
1868 2,43937.44%4,07662.56%00.00%
1864 2,42740.87%3,51259.13%00.00%
1860 2,17837.66%3,24956.18%3566.16%
1856 1,70030.12%3,23357.28%71112.60%


Prior to 1944, Fairfield County was Democratic in presidential elections, only voting for Republicans twice from 1856 to 1940. Starting with the 1944 election, the county has become a Republican stronghold in presidential elections, with Lyndon B. Johnson being the only Democrat to win since then, but Harry S. Truman came within 96 votes of winning it in 1948.

Government

Seal of the Fairfield County Auditor Seal of Fairfield County (Ohio) Auditor.svg
Seal of the Fairfield County Auditor

Roster of County Officials (as of Feb. 2019):

Education

School districts and state schools

School districts include: [17]

  • Amanda-Clearcreek Local School District
  • Berne Union Local School District
  • Bloom-Carroll Local School District
  • Canal Winchester Local School District (Franklin & Fairfield)
  • Fairfield Union Local School District
  • Lancaster City School District
  • Liberty Union-Thurston Local School District
  • Northern Local School District
  • Pickerington Local School District
  • Reynoldsburg City School District
  • Southwest Licking Local School District
  • Teays Valley Local School District (Almost entirely Pickaway)
  • Walnut Township Local School District

Elementary schools

High schools

Communities

Map of Fairfield County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels Fairfield County map.jpg
Map of Fairfield County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities

Villages

Townships

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

  • Cedar Hill
  • Clearport
  • Colfax
  • Delmont
  • Drinkle
  • Dumontsville
  • Geneva
  • Greencastle
  • Hamburg
  • Havensport
  • Hooker
  • Horns Mill
  • Jefferson
  • Lockville
  • Marcy
  • New Salem
  • North Berne
  • Oakland
  • Oakthorpe
  • Revenge
  • Royalton
  • Waterloo

Source: [18]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Lancaster is a city in Fairfield County, Ohio, in the south central part of the state. As of the 2020 census, the city population was 40,552. The city is near the Hocking River, about 33 miles (53 km) southeast of Columbus and 38 miles (61 km) southwest of Zanesville. It is the county seat of Fairfield County.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Amanda, Ohio</span> Village in Ohio, United States

Amanda is a village in Fairfield County, Ohio, United States. The population was 737 at the 2010 census. Amanda was the birthplace of Thomas Sterling, a Republican in the United States Senate from 1913 to 1925.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carroll, Ohio</span> Village in Ohio, United States

Carroll is a village in Fairfield County, Ohio, United States. The population was 524 at the 2010 census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Stoutsville, Ohio</span> Village in Ohio, United States

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Amanda Township, Fairfield County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Amanda Township is one of the thirteen townships of Fairfield County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,706, up from 2,429 people at the 2000 census. Of the total township population, 1,969 lived in the unincorporated portions of the township

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hocking Township, Fairfield County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Hocking Township is one of the thirteen townships of Fairfield County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 4,672.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madison Township, Fairfield County, Ohio</span> Township in Ohio, United States

Madison Township is one of the thirteen townships of Fairfield County, Ohio, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,682, up from 1,385 at the 2000 census.

References

  1. "Ohio County Profiles: Fairfield County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
  2. 1 2 2020 census
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. Miller, Charles Christian (1912). History of Fairfield County, Ohio, and representative citizens. Chicago: Richmond-Arnold Publishing Company. p. 82.
  5. Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp.  123.
  6. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on 2014-05-04. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  9. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved 2015-02-07.
  11. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. 1 2 3 "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  13. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  14. "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  15. "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-12-27.
  16. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  17. "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Fairfield County, OH" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau . Retrieved 2022-07-23. - Text list
  18. "Fairfield County, Ohio (map)" (PDF). Fairfield County Ohio Visitors and Convention Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-13. Retrieved 2011-10-27.

Coordinates: 39°45′N82°38′W / 39.75°N 82.63°W / 39.75; -82.63