Pickaway County Courthouse
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Ohio's location within the U.S.
|Founded||1 March 1810|
|Named for||Pekowi band|
|• Total||507 sq mi (1,310 km2)|
|• Land||501.32 sq mi (1,298.4 km2)|
|• Water||5.23 sq mi (13.5 km2) 1.0%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||111/sq mi (43/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
Pickaway County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,698.Its county seat is Circleville. Its name derives from the Pekowi band of Shawnee Indians, who inhabited the area. (See List of Ohio county name etymologies.)
Pickaway County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The future state of Ohio was part of the Northwest Territory, created in 1787. To begin providing local control of this area, several counties were designated, among them Washington (1788) and Wayne (1796) counties. Portions of these counties were partitioned off to create Ross (1798), Fairfield (1800), and Franklin (1803) counties. An act of the General Assembly of Ohio (12 January 1810) directed that portions of Fairfield, Franklin, and Ross counties were to be partitioned off to create Pickaway County effective 1 March 1810, with Circleville named as county seat later that year (see History of Circleville).
The Scioto River flows southward through the center of Pickaway County. Big Darby Creek drains the upper western part of the county, discharging into the Scioto at Circleville, and Deer Creek drains the lower western part of the county, flowing southward into Ross County. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills carved with drainages; all available areas (87%) km) east-northeast of Hargus Lake. The county has a total area of 506.55 square miles (1,312.0 km2), of which 501.32 square miles (1,298.4 km2) is land and 5.23 square miles (13.5 km2) (1.0%) is water.are devoted to agriculture. The terrain's highest point (1,090' or 332 m ASL) lies on the county's east border, 2.4 miles (3.9
|US Decennial Census |
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,698 people, 19,624 households, and 14,286 families in the county.The population density was 111.1/sqmi (42.9/km²)42.4/sqmi (16.4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.5% white, 3.4% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 16.3% were American, 14.9% were Irish, and 11.1% were English.
Of the 19,624 households, 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families, and 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 38.5 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $49,262 and the median income for a family was $58,811. Males had a median income of $44,224 versus $35,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,432. About 9.5% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census,there were 52,727 people, 17,599 households, and 13,287 families in the county. The population density was 105.2/sqmi (40.6/km²). There were 18,596 housing units at an average density of 37.1/sqmi (14.3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.95% White, 6.43% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 17,599 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 20.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.02.
The county population contained 24.30% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 32.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 122.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,832, and the median income for a family was $49,259. Males had a median income of $36,265 versus $26,086 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,478. About 7.60% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.
Prior to 1952, Pickaway County was strongly Democratic in presidential elections, only backing two Republican candidates for president from 1856 to 1948. Starting with the 1952 election, it has become a Republican Party stronghold, with the sole Democrat to win the county in a presidential election since then being Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 in the midst of his statewide & national landslide victory.
Manufacturing makes up a significant proportion of area industry and employment; in the 2010 census, 3075 county residents (13.4%) were employed in manufacturing.Circleville is home to the largest DuPont chemical plant in Ohio. Opened in the 1950s, it produces Mylar and Tedlar plastic films, the latter used extensively in the production of photovoltaic modules.
Other manufacturing concerns in Circleville or surrounding Pickaway County include Aleris, a producer of rolled and extruded aluminum products,and Florida Production Engineering (FPE), producing plastic injection molded components for the automotive industry. Georgia-Pacific, a manufacturer of paperboard containers and other paper products, has a plant located south of Circleville. The PPG Industries Circleville plant is the company's center for polymer resin production, primarily for automotive applications.
Other major employers include Berger Health System; Circleville City, Teays Valley Local and Logan Elm Local School districts; Circle Plastics/TriMold LLC; the State of Ohio; and Wal-Mart Stores.
Businesses that formerly operated include the Jefferson-Smurfit paper mill,a 300-acre site, that is being redeveloped. American Electric Power (AEP) owned the Picway Power Plant in the northern part of Pickaway County. The coal-fired power plant operated from 1926 to 2015. A GE Lighting plant opened in 1948. The plant closed in 2017.
Teays Valley is in the northern part of the county. Schools in this district include:
Teays Valley has the largest number of students in the county.
Logan Elm consists of the area in Southeastern Pickaway County.
Westfall lies in the Western part of the county.
Pickaway-Ross lies just below the county line in Ross County. Students from the following affiliated Pickaway and Ross county districts attend the vocational school:
Putnam County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,486. Its county seat is Winfield. Putnam County is part of the Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, across the Kanawha River from Charleston, West Virginia.
Boone County is a county in the U.S. state of West Virginia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,629. Its county seat is Madison.
Scioto County is a county located along the Ohio River in the south central region of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 79,499. Its county seat is Portsmouth. The county was founded March 24, 1803, from Adams County and is named for an Indian word referring to deer or deer-hunting.
Ross County is a county in the Appalachian region of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 78,064. Its county seat is Chillicothe, the first and third capital of Ohio. Established on August 20, 1798, the county is named for Federalist Senator James Ross of Pennsylvania. Ross County comprises the Chillicothe, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Columbus-Marion-Zanesville, OH Combined Statistical Area.
Franklin County is a county located in the central portion of the U.S. state of Ohio. As of 2019 census estimates, the population was 1,316,756, making it the most populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Columbus, the state capital and most populous city in Ohio. The county was established on April 30, 1803, less than two months after Ohio became a state, and was named after Benjamin Franklin. Franklin County originally extended all the way north to Lake Erie before Ohio subdivided further into more counties.
Fayette County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,030. Its county seat is Washington Court House. The county was named for the Marquis de Lafayette, a Frenchman who was an officer in the American Army in the Revolution, when established on March 1, 1810.
Fairfield County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 146,156. Its county seat is Lancaster. Its name is a reference to the Fairfield area of the original Lancaster.
Belmont County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 70,400. Its county seat is St. Clairsville. The county was created on September 7, 1801 and organized on November 7, 1801. It takes its name from the French for "beautiful mountain".
Worthington is a city in Franklin County, Ohio, United States, and is a northern suburb of the larger Columbus. The population was 13,575 at the 2010 census. The city was founded in 1803 by the Scioto Company led by James Kilbourne, who was later elected to the United States House of Representatives, and named in honor of Thomas Worthington, who later became governor of Ohio.
Ashville is a village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 4,097 at the 2010 census. Ashville is located 22 miles south of Columbus, Ohio and 11 miles north of Circleville, Ohio.
Circleville is a city in and the county seat of Pickaway County, Ohio, United States, set along the Scioto River, 25 miles south of Columbus. The population was 13,314 at the 2010 census. The city is best-known today as the host of the Circleville Pumpkin Show, an annual festival held since 1903.
Commercial Point is a village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,582 at the 2010 census. It is the fastest growing community in Pickaway County and one of the fastest growing villages in central Ohio.
Orient is a former village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 270 at the 2010 census.
South Bloomfield is a village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,744 at the 2010 census. It has consistently been one of the fastest growing villages in central Ohio.
Piketon is a village in Pike County, Ohio, United States, along the Scioto River. The village is best known for the uranium enrichment plant located there. The population was 2,181 at the 2010 census. Originally called Jefferson, it was the county seat of Pike County 1815–1845, when James Emmitt, a wealthy local entrepreneur, influenced removal of the county seat to Waverly, due to its closer proximity to the then new Ohio & Erie Canal. Piketon is the location of the Pike County Fairgrounds and is served by the Scioto Valley School District.
Chillicothe is a city in and the county seat of Ross County, Ohio, United States. Located along the Scioto River 45 miles south of Columbus, Chillicothe was the first and third capital of Ohio.
South Webster is a village in northeast Scioto County, Ohio, United States. It lies along State Route 140, and the population was 866 at the 2010 census.
Belpre is a city in Washington County, Ohio, United States, along the Ohio River near Parkersburg, West Virginia. Its name derives from "Belle Prairie", the name given to the valley by French trappers prior to more permanent settlement by European Americans.
Teays Valley Local School District is a school district in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. It services the communities of South Bloomfield, Ashville, Commercial Point, and Amanda; in addition, students from Circleville and Grove City attend.
Southern Point is an unincorporated community in Scioto Township, Pickaway County, Ohio, in the U.S. state of Ohio. The area is located at the boarder of Pickaway and Franklin Counties on Ohio State Route 104. As of 2019, there are more than 500 houses and freestanding condominiums in the community.
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