Pickaway County, Ohio

Last updated
Pickaway County
Pickaway County Courthouse.JPG
Pickaway County Courthouse
Seal of Pickaway County Ohio.svg
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Pickaway County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Ohio
Ohio in United States.svg
Ohio's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°38′N83°02′W / 39.64°N 83.03°W / 39.64; -83.03
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Ohio.svg  Ohio
Founded1 March 1810 [1]
Named for Pekowi band
Seat Circleville
Largest cityCircleville
Area
  Total507 sq mi (1,310 km2)
  Land501.32 sq mi (1,298.4 km2)
  Water5.23 sq mi (13.5 km2)  1.0%%
Population
  Estimate 
(2019)
58,457
  Density111/sq mi (43/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district 15th
Website www.pickaway.org

Pickaway County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 55,698. [2] Its county seat is Circleville. [3] Its name derives from the Pekowi band of Shawnee Indians, who inhabited the area. (See List of Ohio county name etymologies.)

Contents

Pickaway County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

The future state of Ohio was part of the Northwest Territory, created in 1787. To begin providing local control of this area, several counties were designated, among them Washington (1788) and Wayne (1796) counties. Portions of these counties were partitioned off to create Ross (1798), Fairfield (1800), and Franklin (1803) counties. An act of the General Assembly of Ohio (12 January 1810) directed that portions of Fairfield, Franklin, and Ross counties were to be partitioned off to create Pickaway County effective 1 March 1810, with Circleville named as county seat later that year (see History of Circleville).

Geography

The Scioto River flows southward through the center of Pickaway County. Big Darby Creek drains the upper western part of the county, discharging into the Scioto at Circleville, and Deer Creek drains the lower western part of the county, flowing southward into Ross County. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills carved with drainages; all available areas (87%) [4] are devoted to agriculture. [5] The terrain's highest point (1,090' or 332 m ASL) lies on the county's east border, 2.4 miles (3.9 km) east-northeast of Hargus Lake. [6] The county has a total area of 506.55 square miles (1,312.0 km2), of which 501.32 square miles (1,298.4 km2) is land and 5.23 square miles (13.5 km2) (1.0%) is water. [7]

Adjacent counties

Main highways

Protected areas

Lakes

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1810 7,124
1820 13,14984.6%
1830 16,00121.7%
1840 19,72523.3%
1850 21,0066.5%
1860 23,64912.6%
1870 24,8755.2%
1880 27,41510.2%
1890 26,959−1.7%
1900 27,0160.2%
1910 26,158−3.2%
1920 25,788−1.4%
1930 27,2385.6%
1940 27,8892.4%
1950 29,3525.2%
1960 35,85522.2%
1970 40,07111.8%
1980 43,6629.0%
1990 48,25510.5%
2000 52,7279.3%
2010 55,6985.6%
Est. 201958,457 [8] 5.0%
US Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2019 [2]

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,698 people, 19,624 households, and 14,286 families in the county. [13] The population density was 111.1/sqmi (42.9/km²)42.4/sqmi (16.4/km²). [14] The racial makeup of the county was 94.5% white, 3.4% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. [13] In terms of ancestry, 27.0% were German, 16.3% were American, 14.9% were Irish, and 11.1% were English. [15]

Of the 19,624 households, 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.2% were non-families, and 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.03. The median age was 38.5 years. [13]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,262 and the median income for a family was $58,811. Males had a median income of $44,224 versus $35,077 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,432. About 9.5% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over. [16]

2000 census

As of the 2000 United States Census, [17] there were 52,727 people, 17,599 households, and 13,287 families in the county. The population density was 105.2/sqmi (40.6/km²). There were 18,596 housing units at an average density of 37.1/sqmi (14.3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.95% White, 6.43% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 0.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 17,599 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.50% were non-families. 20.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.02.

The county population contained 24.30% under the age of 18, 9.00% from 18 to 24, 32.60% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 122.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,832, and the median income for a family was $49,259. Males had a median income of $36,265 versus $26,086 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,478. About 7.60% of families and 9.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Prior to 1952, Pickaway County was strongly Democratic in presidential elections, only backing two Republican candidates for president from 1856 to 1948. Starting with the 1952 election, it has become a Republican Party stronghold, with the sole Democrat to win the county in a presidential election since then being Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 in the midst of his statewide & national landslide victory.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results [18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 68.6%17,07626.2% 6,5295.3% 1,307
2012 58.1%14,03740.1% 9,6841.8% 433
2008 59.8%14,22838.2% 9,0772.0% 482
2004 62.0%14,16137.5% 8,5790.5% 112
2000 60.4%10,71737.2% 6,5982.4% 425
1996 49.5%8,66640.2% 7,04210.3% 1,793
1992 45.9%8,69030.5% 5,76523.6% 4,475
1988 68.4%10,79631.1% 4,9050.6% 93
1984 73.9%11,94225.4% 4,1100.7% 108
1980 61.2%9,28933.3% 5,0525.5% 829
1976 54.8%7,69542.1% 5,9073.2% 443
1972 74.3%9,66122.9% 2,9782.8% 363
1968 53.3%6,69028.1% 3,53618.6% 2,338
1964 42.1% 5,31757.9%7,310
1960 61.6%7,82138.4% 4,870
1956 60.7%6,95639.3% 4,509
1952 57.2%6,83642.8% 5,109
1948 48.4% 4,96551.6%5,2900.1% 7
1944 52.8%5,99747.2% 5,362
1940 46.4% 5,97453.6%6,895
1936 38.6% 4,92061.2%7,8130.2% 30
1932 40.3% 4,39558.8%6,4140.9% 98
1928 59.9%5,87139.7% 3,8940.4% 41
1924 46.2% 4,16650.4%4,5393.4% 304
1920 48.2% 5,27351.6%5,6450.2% 21
1916 40.4% 2,62958.7%3,8201.0% 63
1912 36.1% 2,28252.4%3,31111.5% 724
1908 43.2% 3,11955.4%4,0071.4% 103
1904 44.6% 2,97652.4%3,4923.0% 200
1900 43.4% 3,20154.7%4,0331.9% 139
1896 44.2% 3,37054.7%4,1651.1% 84
1892 42.9% 2,95354.6%3,7592.5% 173
1888 43.4% 3,04654.6%3,8312.0% 142
1884 42.7% 2,93156.6%3,8890.7% 51
1880 43.6% 2,91056.3%3,7530.1% 7
1876 43.0% 2,56556.9%3,3890.1% 7
1872 46.6% 2,35352.7%2,6600.7% 37
1868 44.4% 2,17655.6%2,725
1864 46.6% 2,21553.3%2,531
1860 42.7% 2,00251.7%2,4255.5% 261
1856 41.3% 1,72449.5%2,066

Economy

Manufacturing makes up a significant proportion of area industry and employment; in the 2010 census, 3075 county residents (13.4%) were employed in manufacturing. [19] Circleville is home to the largest DuPont chemical plant in Ohio. Opened in the 1950s, it produces Mylar and Tedlar plastic films, the latter used extensively in the production of photovoltaic modules. [20] [21]

Other manufacturing concerns in Circleville or surrounding Pickaway County include Aleris, a producer of rolled and extruded aluminum products, [22] and Florida Production Engineering (FPE), producing plastic injection molded components for the automotive industry. [23] Georgia-Pacific, a manufacturer of paperboard containers and other paper products, has a plant located south of Circleville. The PPG Industries Circleville plant is the company's center for polymer resin production, primarily for automotive applications. [24]

Other major employers include Berger Health System; Circleville City, Teays Valley Local and Logan Elm Local School districts; Circle Plastics/TriMold LLC; the State of Ohio; and Wal-Mart Stores. [19]

Businesses that formerly operated include the Jefferson-Smurfit paper mill, [25] a 300-acre site, that is being redeveloped. [26] American Electric Power (AEP) owned the Picway Power Plant in the northern part of Pickaway County. The coal-fired power plant operated from 1926 to 2015. [27] A GE Lighting plant opened in 1948. [22] The plant closed in 2017. [28]

Government

Education

Teays Valley Local School District

Teays Valley is in the northern part of the county. Schools in this district include:

Teays Valley has the largest number of students in the county.

Circleville City Schools

Logan Elm Local Schools

Logan Elm consists of the area in Southeastern Pickaway County.

Westfall Local Schools

Westfall lies in the Western part of the county.

Pickaway-Ross Career & Technology Center

Pickaway-Ross lies just below the county line in Ross County. Students from the following affiliated Pickaway and Ross county districts attend the vocational school:

Communities

Map of Pickaway County, Ohio with municipal and township labels Map of Pickaway County Ohio With Municipal and Township Labels.PNG
Map of Pickaway County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

City

Villages

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Notable residents

See also

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Ashville, Ohio Village in Ohio, United States

Ashville is a village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 4,097 at the 2010 census. Ashville is located 22 miles south of Columbus, Ohio and 11 miles north of Circleville, Ohio.

Circleville, Ohio City in Ohio, United States

Circleville is a city in and the county seat of Pickaway County, Ohio, United States, set along the Scioto River, 25 miles south of Columbus. The population was 13,314 at the 2010 census. The city is best-known today as the host of the Circleville Pumpkin Show, an annual festival held since 1903.

Commercial Point, Ohio Village in Ohio, United States

Commercial Point is a village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,582 at the 2010 census. It is the fastest growing community in Pickaway County and one of the fastest growing villages in central Ohio.

Orient, Ohio village in Ohio, United States

Orient is a former village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 270 at the 2010 census.

South Bloomfield, Ohio Village in Ohio, United States

South Bloomfield is a village in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. The population was 1,744 at the 2010 census. It has consistently been one of the fastest growing villages in central Ohio.

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Teays Valley Local School District is a school district in Pickaway County, Ohio, United States. It services the communities of South Bloomfield, Ashville, Commercial Point, and Amanda; in addition, students from Circleville and Grove City attend.

Southern Point, Ohio Unincorporated Community in Ohio, United States

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References

  1. "Ohio County Profiles: Pickaway County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 June 2007. Retrieved 10 June 2019.
  2. 1 2 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. About Pickaway County (accessed 10 June 2019)
  5. 1 2 Pickaway County OH - Google Maps (accessed 10 June 2019)
  6. Pickaway County High Point - PeakBagger.com (accessed 10 June 2019)
  7. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  8. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  9. "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  11. Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  13. 1 2 3 "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  14. "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  15. "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  16. "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  17. "U.S. Census website". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  18. Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 6 April 2018.
  19. 1 2 "Demographics and Income plus other local statistics for Pickaway County P3 Ohio". Pickawayprogress.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  20. Murphy, Kristi (May 22, 2012). "DuPont celebrates Tedlar expansion". The Circleville Herald. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  21. "News & Events for Pickaway Progress Business Development Project Central Ohio". Pickawayprogress.com. January 18, 2010. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  22. 1 2 Murphy, Kristi (August 22, 2013). "GE plant to add 50 jobs". The Circleville Herald. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  23. "Plastic Injection Molding from 100 tons to 3000 tons in Florida, Kentucky and Ohio". Fpe-inc.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  24. "Circleville OH - Life At PPG - College Recruiting". Ppg.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2013. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  25. Gaines, Sallie L. (December 2, 1998). "Smurfit To Shutter 5 Mills, Cut 1,660 Jobs". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  26. "Projects - Green Investment Group". Greeninvgroup.com. Retrieved September 22, 2013.
  27. "Picway". AEP. Archived from the original on April 28, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  28. Gearino, Dan (April 12, 2017). "GE Lighting to close Circleville plant, costing 148 jobs". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  29. Ohio Townships

Coordinates: 39°38′N83°02′W / 39.64°N 83.03°W / 39.64; -83.03