An Arizona state park is an area of land in the U.S. state of Arizona preserved by the state for its natural, cultural, or recreational resources. The state park system in Arizona includes both state parks and state historic parks, as well as other designations such as natural areas and recreation areas. Arizona currently has 31 state park units, which are managed wholly or partly by the Arizona State Parks government agency.In 2010 several Arizona state parks were closed due to budget cuts. Some have since reopened thanks to support in the form of donations and partnerships with local agencies.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.
State parks are parks or other protected areas managed at the sub-national level within those nations which use "state" as a political subdivision. State parks are typically established by a state to preserve a location on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, or recreational potential. There are state parks under the administration of the government of each U.S. state, some of the Mexican states, and in Brazil. The term is also used in the Australian state of Victoria. The equivalent term used in Canada, Argentina, South Africa and Belgium, is provincial park. Similar systems of local government maintained parks exist in other countries, but the terminology varies.
|Alamo Lake State Park||La Paz & Mohave||4,900||2,000||1,300||400||1969||Features a remote reservoir on the Bill Williams River with premiere bass fishing and stargazing|
|Boyce Thompson Arboretum State Park||Pinal||323||131||2,400||730||1976||Comprises Arizona's oldest and largest botanical garden|
|Buckskin Mountain State Park||La Paz||1,677||679||420||130||1967||Provides water recreation on the Colorado River in the Parker Valley|
|Catalina State Park||Pima||5,493||2,223||2,650||810||1974||Preserves a diverse desert landscape at the foot of the Santa Catalina Mountains|
|Cattail Cove State Park||Mohave||2,000||810||450||140||1970||Provides water recreation on Lake Havasu|
|Dead Horse Ranch State Park||Yavapai||423||171||3,300||1,000||1972||Provides outdoor recreation along the Verde River|
|Fool Hollow Lake Recreation Area||Navajo||800||320||6,300||1,900||1994||Surrounds a 150-acre (61 ha) mountain reservoir|
|Fort Verde State Historic Park||Yavapai||11||4.5||3,260||990||1970||Interprets the best-preserved Indian Wars-era fort in Arizona, active from 1871–1891|
|Granite Mountain Hotshots Memorial State Park||Yavapai||320||130||4,318–5,460||1,316–1,664||2016||Memorial to the nineteen members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots who died there on June 30, 2013 while fighting the Yarnell Hill Fire|
|Homolovi State Park||Navajo||4,500||1,800||4,900||1,500||1986||Preserves several pueblo ruins and other Ancestral Puebloan archaeological sites|
|Jerome State Historic Park||Yavapai|||||5,000||1,500||1957||Honors the Douglas family of mining entrepreneurs in their 1916 adobe mansion|
|Kartchner Caverns State Park||Cochise|||||4,700||1,400||1988||Preserves a limestone cave kept in near-pristine condition since its discovery in 1974|
|Lake Havasu State Park||Mohave||928||376||480||150||1965||Provides water recreation on Lake Havasu|
|Lost Dutchman State Park||Pinal||320||130||2,000||610||1977||Faces the Superstition Mountains, where the Lost Dutchman's Gold Mine is said to be hidden|
|Lyman Lake State Park||Apache||1,200||490||6,000||1,800||1960||Features Lyman Reservoir and a 14th Century pueblo ruin|
|McFarland State Historic Park||Pinal|||||1,500||460||1974||Preserves a courthouse and jail from the Arizona Territory era|
|Oracle State Park||Pinal||3,948||1,598||3,700||1,100||1986||Features an environmental learning center, a historic ranchhouse, and wildlife habitat in the foothills of the Santa Catalina Mountains|
|Patagonia Lake State Park||Santa Cruz||2,658||1,076||3,750||1,140||1974||Provides recreational opportunities on 265-acre (107 ha) Patagonia Lake|
|Picacho Peak State Park||Pinal||3,747||1,516||2,000||610||1965||Features a distinctive 3,374-foot (1,028 m) peak and spring wildflowers|
|Red Rock State Park||Yavapai||286||116||3,900||1,200||1986||Preserves a section of scenic red rock canyon|
|Riordan Mansion State Historic Park||Coconino||5||2.0||6,900||2,100||1978||Interprets the 1904 adjoined homes of influential lumber-baron brothers Timothy and Michael Riordan|
|Roper Lake State Park||Graham||338||137||3,130||950||1972||Features a 32-acre (13 ha) fishing reservoir and a pond fed by a natural hot spring|
|San Rafael State Natural Area||Santa Cruz||3,557||1,439||4,750||1,450||1999||Preserves a native grassland largely free of invasive plants. A former ranch complex is now a district on the National Register of Historic Places Not open to the public|
|Slide Rock State Park||Coconino||43||17||4,930||1,500||1985||Features a natural waterslide and a historic apple orchard in Oak Creek Canyon|
|Sonoita Creek State Natural Area||Santa Cruz||9,584||3,879||3,750||1,140||1994||Preserves a diverse transition zone around Sonoita Creek adjacent to Patagonia Lake State Park|
|Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park||Cochise|||||4,539||1,383||1949||Preserves the historic 1882 courthouse, sheriff's office, and jail|
|Tonto Natural Bridge State Park||Gila||161||65||4,530||1,380||1969||Features the world's largest natural arch made of travertine|
|Tubac Presidio State Historic Park||Santa Cruz|||||3,500||1,100||1958||Preserves the ruins of the 1753 Presidio San Ignacio de Tubac, an 1885 schoolhouse, and other structures plus a museum|
|Verde River Greenway State Natural Area||Yavapai||480||190||3,300||1,000||1986||Preserves a 6-mile (9.7 km) section of the Verde River adjacent to Dead Horse Ranch State Park|
|Yuma Quartermaster Depot State Historic Park||Yuma|||||120||37||1997||Interprets an 1864 U.S. Army facility that supplied 14 military posts around the Southwest|
|Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park||Yuma|||||120||37||1960||Interprets the famous Arizona Territory prison that operated from 1876 to 1909|
Imperial County is a county in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 174,528. The county seat is El Centro. Established in 1907 from a division of San Diego County, it was last county to be formed in California.
Yuma County is a county in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 195,751. The county seat is Yuma.
Fountain Hills is a town in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. Known for its impressive fountain, once the tallest in the world, it borders on the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation, Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community, and Scottsdale, Arizona. The population is 22,489, as of the 2010 census. Between the 1990 and 2000 censuses it was the eighth-fastest-growing place among cities and towns in Arizona.
The Gila River is a 649-mile (1,044 km) tributary of the Colorado River flowing through New Mexico and Arizona in the United States. The river drains an arid watershed of nearly 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2) that lies mainly within the U.S. but also extends into northern Sonora, Mexico. Indigenous peoples have lived along the river for at least 2,000 years, establishing complex agricultural societies before European exploration of the region began in the 16th century. However, European Americans did not permanently settle the Gila River watershed until the mid-19th century.
The Verde River is a major tributary of the Salt River in the U.S. state of Arizona. It is about 170 miles (270 km) long and carries a mean flow of 602 cubic feet per second (17.0 m3/s) at its mouth. It is one of the largest perennial streams in Arizona.
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is a U.S. National Monument and UNESCO biosphere reserve located in extreme southern Arizona that shares a border with the Mexican state of Sonora. The park is the only place in the United States where the organ pipe cactus grows wild. Along with organ pipe, many other types of cacti and other desert flora native to the Yuma Desert section of the Sonoran Desert region grow in the park. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument is 517 sq mi (1,340 km2) in size. In 1976 the monument was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, and in 1977 95% of Organ Pipe Cactus was declared a wilderness area.
North Central Arizona is a geographical region of Arizona. It is in the Transition Zone between the Basin and Range Province and the Colorado Plateau, and has some of the most rugged and scenic landscapes in Arizona.
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to the U.S. state of Arizona.
Dead Horse Ranch State Park is a state park of Arizona, United States, on the Verde River in an area known as the Verde River Greenway. Located at approximately 3,300 feet (1,000 m) elevation, Dead Horse Ranch State Park covers 423 acres (1.71 km2) of land with 10 miles (16 km) of hiking trails, 150 campground sites and several picnic areas, along with 23 group camping sites. It also offers trailhead access to the Dead Horse Trail System, located on adjacent Coconino National Forest land. The ranch was originally named by the Ireys family, who sold the land to the state of Arizona to become a state park.
Yuma Crossing is a site in Arizona and California that is significant for its association with transportation and communication across the Colorado River. It connected New Spain and Las Californias in the Spanish Colonial period in and also during the Western expansion of the United States. Features of the Arizona side include the Yuma Quartermaster Depot and Yuma Territorial Prison. Features on the California Side include Fort Yuma, which protected the area from 1850 to 1885.
The Bill Williams River is a 46.3-mile-long (74.5 km) river in west-central Arizona where it, along with its tributary, the Santa Maria River, form the boundary between Mohave County to the north and La Paz County to the south. It is a major drainage westwards into the Colorado River of the Lower Colorado River Valley south of Hoover Dam and Lake Mead, and the drainage basin covers portions of northwest, and west-central Arizona. The equivalent drainage system paralleling the east–west lower reaches of the Bill Williams is the Gila River, which flows east-to-west across central Arizona, joining the Colorado River in the southwest at Yuma. The confluence of the Bill Williams River with the Colorado is north of Parker, and south of Lake Havasu City.
Arizona is a landlocked state situated in the southwestern region of the United States of America. It has a vast and diverse geography famous for its deep canyons, high- and low-elevation deserts, numerous natural rock formations, and volcanic mountain ranges. Arizona shares land borders with Utah to the north, the Mexican state of Sonora to the south, New Mexico to the east, and Nevada to the northwest, as well as water borders with California and the Mexican state of Baja California to the southwest along the Colorado River. Arizona is also one of the Four Corners states and is diagonally adjacent to Colorado.
The Parker Valley is located along the Lower Colorado River within the Lower Colorado River Valley region, in southwestern Arizona and southeastern California.
King S. Woolsey was an American pioneer rancher, Native American Exterminator, prospector and politician in 19th century Arizona. Woolsey Peak and other features of Arizona geography have been named after him, but he has also been criticized by historians for brutality in his battles with Apache native Americans.
Roper Lake State Park is a state park of Arizona, surrounding 32-acre (130,000 m2) Roper Lake. The park is located off U.S. Route 191, 5 miles (8.0 km) south of Safford, at the Gila River and Valley.
Red Rock State Park is a state park of Arizona, USA, featuring a red sandstone canyon outside the city of Sedona. The main mission of this day-use park is the preservation of the riparian habitat along Oak Creek. Red Rock State Park serves as an environmental education facility for the public and for school or private groups, and provides limited passive recreational opportunities.
The Great Western Trail is a north-south long distance multiple use route which runs from Canada to Mexico through five western states in the United States. The trail has access for both motorized and non-motorized users and traverses 4,455 miles (7,170 km) through Arizona, Utah, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana. Designated a National Millennium Trail.
The Mountain States form one of the nine geographic divisions of the United States that are officially recognized by the United States Census Bureau. It is a subregion of the Western United States.
The Colorado River is a major river of the western United States and northwest Mexico in North America. Its headwaters are in the Rocky Mountains where La Poudre Pass Lake is its source. Located in north central Colorado it flows southwest through the Colorado Plateau country of western Colorado, southeastern Utah and northwestern Arizona where it flows through the Grand Canyon. It turns south near Las Vegas, Nevada, forming the Arizona–Nevada border in Lake Mead and the Arizona–California border a few miles below Davis Dam between Laughlin, Nevada and Needles, California California before entering Mexico in the Colorado Desert. Most of its waters are diverted into the Imperial Valley of Southern California. In Mexico its course forms the boundary between Sonora and Baja California before entering the Gulf of California. This article describes most of the major features along the river.