List of Taiwanese inventions and discoveries

Last updated

This is a list of inventions by people who were born in Taiwan or citizens of Republic of China (Taiwan).

Contents

Food, food techniques and cuisine

Bubble tea Bubble tea by Chill Bubble Tea.jpg
Bubble tea
Bubble tea
is a drink that contains flavored tea and tapioca pearls. It was invented in the early 1980s in Taiwan. [1] Bubble tea vendors serve the beverage cold or hot inside a translucent plastic cup with an oversized straw wide enough for the tapioca bubbles to pass through. [2] The drink has spread from Taiwan and is now popular across the world. [1] [3]
General Tso's chicken
is a sweet deep-fried chicken dish that is served in North American Chinese restaurants. The recipe was invented by Taiwan-based Hunan cuisine chef Peng Chang-kuei. [4]
Instant noodles
were invented by Go Pek-hok, who later adopted the name Momofuku Ando when he immigrated from Taiwan to Japan. Ando created a method for deep-frying and drying noodles that could later be cooked using boiling water. He founded the Nissin Foods company, which in 1971 introduced instant noodles marketed as Cup Noodles that were packaged in Styrofoam cups. [5]
Mongolian barbecue
is a stir fried dish that was developed by Wu Zhaonan in Taiwan in 1951. Meat and vegetables are cooked on large, round, solid iron griddles at temperatures of up to 300 °C (572 °F). Despite its name, the dish is not Mongolian, and is only loosely related to barbecue.

Games and entertainment

Connect6
is a game similar to Gomoku invented by I-Chen Wu, a computer science professor at National Chiao Tung University. The player who obtains six or more stones in a row wins. [6]
Cat café
was first opened in Taipei, Taiwan in 1998, which involves a coffee shop with in-house cats that roam freely and interact with customers. The idea since took off and spread around the world. [7] [8]

Science and technology

A universal crossed molecular beam apparatus
for studying chemical reactions was developed by the Taiwanese chemist Yuan T. Lee. [9] In 1986, Lee was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry alongside Dudley R. Herschbach and John Polanyi "for their contributions to the dynamics of chemical elementary processes." [10]
Floating gate transistor
In 1967, Simon Min Sze and Dawon Kahng invented the floating gate transistor, which provides the foundation for many forms of semiconductor memory devices. [11] [12]
Discovering HAART Cocktail Therapy
David Ho is a Taiwanese-American medical doctor and HIV/AIDS researcher who was born in Taiwan and has made many innovative state of the art scientific contributions to the understanding and technological treatment of HIV infection.
The integrated laptop projector
was first developed and showcased by Asus, a Taiwanese computer manufacturer, in 2008. The built-in projector debuted at Computex Taipei 2008, an annual computer expo. [13] Competitors such as HP in 2010 and Fujitsu in 2011 have since released similar products. [14] [15]
N95 mask
The filtration media used in N95 masks was invented by Peter Tsai. [16] [17]
The optimistic concurrency control
method was first proposed by Taiwanese computer scientist H. T. Kung and American John T. Robinson in 1981. [18]
USB flash drive USB flash drive (unbranded).jpg
USB flash drive
USB flash drive
a data storage device, invented by Pua Khein-Seng, a Taiwanese-Malaysian inventor.
Xiaoluren
the walking green man, is the animated traffic light system.
High entropy alloys
invented in 2004 by Jien-Wei Yeh and his team in Taiwan. [19]
WiMAX
a wireless broadband communication standards invented by Tatung Company accompanied with Tatung University.

Language and writing system

Bopomofo (or commonly known as "Zhuyin")
is a Chinese transliteration system for Mandarin Chinese and other related languages and dialects which is nowadays most commonly used in Taiwanese Mandarin. Bopomofo is the predominant phonetic system in teaching reading and writing in elementary school in Taiwan. It is also the most popular way to enter Chinese characters into computers and smartphones and to look up characters in a dictionary.
Taiwan Sign Language
is the sign language most commonly used by the deaf and hard of hearing in Taiwan.
Taiwanese Braille
is the braille script used in Taiwan for Taiwanese Mandarin (Guoyu).

Sports

Woodball
is a sport invented by Weng Ming-hui and Kuang-chu Young in 1990. In the game, a mallet is used to pass a ball through a series of gates. The Olympic Council of Asia made the sport a program of the Asian Beach Games in 2008. [20] The International Woodball Federation is based in Taipei, Taiwan. [21]

Weapons and military

Land

Assault rifle

Sniper rifle

Submachine gun

Machine gun

Pistol

Granade launcher

Military vehicles

Others

Sea

Air

See also

Related Research Articles

Bubble tea Tea-based drink with chewy bubbles

Bubble tea is a tea-based drink that originated in Taiwan in the early 1980s. It most commonly consists of tea accompanied by chewy tapioca balls, but it can be made with other toppings as well.

Taiwanese cuisine Culinary traditions of Taiwan

Taiwanese cuisine has several variations. In addition to dishes influenced by the majority Hoklo people, there is much influence from Taiwanese indigenous peoples, Hakka, Waishengren, local derivatives of Japanese cuisine, as well as types of Chinese cuisine from outside Fujian.

Youtiao Churro-like cruller of Chinese origin

Youtiao is a long golden-brown deep-fried strip of dough commonly eaten in China and in other East and Southeast Asian cuisines. Conventionally, youtiao are lightly salted and made so they can be torn lengthwise in two. Youtiao are normally eaten at breakfast as an accompaniment for rice congee, soy milk or regular milk blended with sugar. Youtiao may be known elsewhere as Chinese cruller, Chinese fried churro, Chinese oil stick, Chinese doughnut, Chinese breadstick, and fried breadstick.

Datong District, Taipei District in Western Taipei, Republic of China

Datong District or Tatung is a district of Taipei City, Taiwan. It is located between the Taipei Metro Red Line and eastern shore of the Tamsui River, and between Civic Boulevard and the Sun Yat-sen Freeway. The southern part of this area used to be the site of Twatutia, one of the first settlements in what is now Taipei and for a time the area's commercial center. Taipei's commercial center has since shifted south east to Zhongzheng, Da'an and Xinyi, and Datong is far less important economically. One of the last vestiges of Twatutia's commercial importance disappeared with the closing of the Chien-Cheng Circle in 2006. The north was the site of the village of Daronpon.

Oyster vermicelli Taiwanese noodle soup

Oyster vermicelli or oyster misua is a kind of noodle soup popular in Taiwan. Its main ingredients are oysters and misua. One of the famous places serving this is in Dihua Street, Dadaocheng, Taipei. A tan-brown variety of vermicelli used for this dish is made primarily with wheat flour and salt, and gains its unique colour due to a steaming process which caramelizes the sugars in the dough, allowing it to be cooked for longer periods without breaking down.

General Tsos chicken deep-fried chicken dish popular in North American Chinese restaurants

General Tso's chicken is a sweet and spicy deep-fried chicken dish that is served in North American Chinese restaurants. The dish is named after Zuo Zongtang, a Qing dynasty statesman and military leader, although there is no recorded connection to him nor is the dish known in Hunan, Zuo's home province.

Stinky tofu Chinese fermented tofu with a strong odor

Stinky tofu is a Chinese form of fermented tofu that has a strong odor. It is usually sold at night markets or roadside stands as a snack, or in lunch bars as a side dish, rather than in restaurants.

Chinese Indonesian cuisine Cuisine of the people of Chinese Indonesians

Chinese Indonesian cuisine is characterized by the mixture of Chinese with local Indonesian style. Chinese Indonesians, mostly descendant of Han ethnic Hokkien speakers, brought their legacy of Chinese cuisine, and modified some of the dishes with the addition of Indonesian ingredients, such as kecap manis, palm sugar, peanut sauce, chili, santan and local spices to form a hybrid Chinese-Indonesian cuisine. Some of the dishes and cakes share the same style as in Malaysia and Singapore which are known as the Nonya cuisine by the Peranakan.

Taiwanese Mandarin Forms of Mandarin Chinese spoken in Taiwan

Taiwanese Mandarin or Guoyu refers to any of the varieties of Mandarin Chinese spoken in Taiwan. This comprises two main forms: Standard Guoyu and Taiwan Guoyu.

Taiwanese tea culture Tea culture of Taiwan

Taiwanese tea culture includes tea arts, traditional tea ceremonies, and the social aspects of tea consumption in Taiwan. It can be traced back to its roots in Chinese tea culture. Many of the classical arts can be seen in the tea culture, such as calligraphy, flower arts, and incense arts. Tea, especially oolong tea, is a popular drink in Taiwan, and teahouses, or "tea-arts" shops, are common.

Bopomofo (Chinese: 注音符號; pinyin: zhùyīnfúhào; Wade–Giles: chu⁴yin¹fu²hao⁴, or Mandarin Phonetic Symbols, also named Zhuyin, is a major Chinese transliteration system for Mandarin Chinese and other related languages and dialects that is nowadays most commonly used in Taiwanese Mandarin. It is also used to transcribe other varieties of Chinese, particularly other varieties of Mandarin Chinese dialects, as well as Taiwanese Hokkien. Consisting of 37 characters and four tone marks, it transcribes all possible sounds in Mandarin.

Articles related to Taiwan include:

Woodball

Woodball is a sport where a mallet is used to pass a ball through gates. This game can be played in grass, sand or indoor. The sport is in the program of Asian Beach Games and was incorporated in 2008. The International Woodball Federation is based in Taipei, Taiwan.

Written Hokkien Written form of the Hokkien language

Hokkien, a Min Nan variety of Chinese spoken in Southeastern China, Taiwan and Southeast Asia, does not have a unitary standardized writing system, in comparison with the well-developed written forms of Cantonese and Vernacular Chinese (Mandarin). In Taiwan, a standard for Written Hokkien has been developed by the Republic of China Ministry of Education including its Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan, but there are a wide variety of different methods of writing in Vernacular Hokkien. Nevertheless, vernacular works written in the Hokkien are still commonly seen in literature, film, performing arts and music.

Dawon Kahng South Korean engineer

Dawon Kahng was a Korean-American electrical engineer and inventor, known for his work in solid-state electronics. He is best known for inventing the MOSFET, along with his colleague Mohamed Atalla, in 1959. Kahng and Atalla developed both the PMOS and NMOS processes for MOSFET semiconductor device fabrication. The MOSFET is the most widely used type of transistor, and the basic element in most modern electronic equipment.

Peng Chang-kuei Taiwanese chef

Peng Chang-kuei was a Taiwanese chef who is generally credited with being the creator of General Tso's chicken, a popular Chinese dish in Western countries.

Sarawakian cuisine

Sarawakian cuisine is a regional cuisine of Malaysia. Like the rest of Malaysian cuisine, Sarawak food is based on staples such as rice. There is also a great variety of other ingredients and food preparations due to the influence of the state's varied geography and indigenous cultures quite distinct from the regional cuisines of the Peninsular Malaysia. Sarawak is famous for its multi-ethnic population. As the homeland of many unique communities, Sarawak has a variety of cuisines rarely found elsewhere in Malaysia. The uniqueness of Sarawak well depends on its ethnic groups. Every native group in Sarawak has their own lifestyle, traditions, cultures and also foods. Sarawak cuisine is less spicy and has a subtle in taste. It uses fresh seafood and natural herbs like turmeric, lemongrass, ginger, lime and tapioca leaves. These ingredients are not only easily available, but also add a hint of aroma, texture and freshness to the delicacies. Food is one of the most cultural identities for native groups in Sarawak with each ethnic group having their own delicacies. Among the Iban, popular foods include tubu (stems), tuak and pansuh. The Malay have bubur pedas (porridge) and kek lapis Sarawak ; the Bidayuh have asam siok and sup ponas Bidayuh. The Melanau make tebaloi, sagu and umai and the Orang Ulu are known for garam barrio, kikid (broth), tengayen, and urum giruq (pudding).

Braised pork rice Traditional Taiwanese pork dish

Braised pork rice is a gaifan dish found in Fujianese cuisine and Taiwanese cuisine. Although subject to regional variations, dishes are typically made of pork belly cooked in a process known as lu and served on top of rice. Chinese pickles are often eaten with the dish.

Chun Shui Tang Restaurant chain based in Taichung, Taiwan

Chun Shui Tang is an international teahouse chain based in Taichung, Taiwan. The restaurants specializes in serving bubble tea, but also serve other entrees and snacks. Founded in 1983 as Yanghsien Tea Shop, Chun Shui Tang is one of two Taiwanese restaurant chains that claim to have invented bubble milk tea, the other being Hanlin Tea Room.

References

  1. 1 2 Martin, Laura C. (2007). Tea: The drink that changed the world. Rutland: Tuttle Publishing. p. 219. ISBN   9780804837248.
  2. Lovegren, Sylvia (2013). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. Oxford University Press. p. 223. ISBN   978-0-19-973496-2.
  3. Carson, Erin. "Boba tea shortage explained: Why the bubble drink's facing tough times". CNET. Retrieved 23 September 2021.
  4. Grimes, William. "Peng Chang-kuei, Chef Behind General Tso's Chicken, Dies at 98". The New York Times. Retrieved 21 February 2021.
  5. Laudan, Rachel (2013). Cuisine and Empire: Cooking in World History. University of California Press. pp. 310–311. ISBN   978-0-520-95491-5.
  6. Wu, I-Chen; Huang, Dei-Yen (2006). "A New Family of k-in-a-Row Games". Advances in Computer Games. A New Family of K-in-a-Row Games. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 4250. pp. 180–194. doi:10.1007/11922155_14. ISBN   978-3-540-48887-3.
  7. Poletick, Rachel. "A Brief History of the Cat Café". Mental Floss. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  8. Lemmin-Woolfrey, Ulrike; Lastoe, Stacey (19 July 2019). "'Cats' is a disaster, but cats aren't: The best cat cafes to show your solidarity with our beloved companions". Cable News Network. CNN. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  9. Lin, M.C.; Lin, S.H.; Neumark, D.M. (4 September 1997). "Y.T. Lee Preface". The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 101 (36): 6339–6340. doi: 10.1021/jp971954n .
  10. "The dynamics of chemical reactions - a fascinating new field of research". The Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 101 (36): 6339–6340. 15 October 1986. doi: 10.1021/jp971954n .
  11. "Taiwan flash memory inventor wins lifetime award". Taiwan Today. Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (Taiwan). 25 April 2014. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  12. Kahng, D.; Sze, S. M. (8 July 1967). "A Floating Gate and Its Application to Memory Devices". Bell System Technical Journal. 46 (6): 1288–1295. doi:10.1002/j.1538-7305.1967.tb01738.x.
  13. Herrman, John (5 June 2008). "ASUS Laptop With Built-In Projector Raises PowerPoint Threat to "Critical"". Gizmodo.
  14. Stevens, Tim (21 January 2010). "HP launching tablets and notebooks with integrated pico projectors this year?". Engadget.
  15. Robinson, Mark (22 April 2011). "Fujitsu Notebook Ditches Optical Drive, Packs Pico Projector". Wired.
  16. "N95 Re-Use Strategies". SAGES. Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons. 3 April 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
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  19. Wei-han, Chen (10 June 2016). "Taiwanese researcher gets special 'Nature' coverage - Taipei Times". The Taipei Times.
  20. "MOFA honors inventor of woodball". Taipei Times. 6 July 2007.
  21. "Historical innovation". International Woodball Federation. International Woodball Federation.