March 1961

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March 1, 1961: Peace Corps established by U.S. President Kennedy US-PeaceCorps-Logo.svg
March 1, 1961: Peace Corps established by U.S. President Kennedy
March 3, 1961: Hassan II becomes new King of Morocco OUEGNIN9.jpg
March 3, 1961: Hassan II becomes new King of Morocco
March 8, 1961: Scotland's Holy Loch begins hosting American nuclear missile submarine USS Proteus USS Partick Henry HolyLoch 1961.jpeg
March 8, 1961: Scotland's Holy Loch begins hosting American nuclear missile submarine

The following events occurred in March 1961:

March 1, 1961 (Wednesday)

March 2, 1961 (Thursday)

March 3, 1961 (Friday)

March 4, 1961 (Saturday)

March 5, 1961 (Sunday)

March 6, 1961 (Monday)

March 7, 1961 (Tuesday)

March 8, 1961 (Wednesday)

March 9, 1961 (Thursday)

March 10, 1961 (Friday)

March 11, 1961 (Saturday)

March 12, 1961 (Sunday)

March 13, 1961 (Monday)

March 14, 1961 (Tuesday)

March 15, 1961 (Wednesday)

March 16, 1961 (Thursday)

March 17, 1961 (Friday)

March 18, 1961 (Saturday)

March 19, 1961 (Sunday)

Homer's father in the Simpsons reference this date in the burlesque house episode, saying they wouldn't have had any fun without it since March 19, 1961.


March 20, 1961 (Monday)

March 21, 1961 (Tuesday)

March 22, 1961 (Wednesday)

March 23, 1961 (Thursday)

March 24, 1961 (Friday)

March 25, 1961 (Saturday)

March 26, 1961 (Sunday)

March 27, 1961 (Monday)

March 28, 1961 (Tuesday)

March 29, 1961 (Wednesday)

March 30, 1961 (Thursday)

March 31, 1961 (Friday)

Related Research Articles

Cuban Missile Crisis 1962 confrontation between the U.S. and Soviet Union over ballistic missiles in Cuba

The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 1-month, 4 day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union which escalated into an international crisis when American deployments of missiles in Italy and Turkey were matched by Soviet deployments of similar ballistic missiles in Cuba. Despite the short time frame, the Cuban Missile Crisis remains a defining moment in U.S. national security and nuclear war preparation. The confrontation is often considered the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war.

Space Race Competition between the USSR and the USA to explore space

The Space Race was a 20th-century competition between two Cold War adversaries, the Soviet Union (USSR) and the United States of America (USA), to achieve superior spaceflight capability. It had its origins in the ballistic missile-based nuclear arms race between the two nations following World War II. The technological advantage demonstrated by spaceflight achievement was seen as necessary for national security, and became part of the symbolism and ideology of the time. The Space Race brought pioneering launches of artificial satellites, robotic space probes to the Moon, Venus, and Mars, and human spaceflight in low Earth orbit and ultimately to the Moon.

North American XB-70 Valkyrie Prototype supersonic strategic bomber

The North American Aviation XB-70 Valkyrie was the prototype version of the planned B-70 nuclear-armed, deep-penetration supersonic strategic bomber for the United States Air Force Strategic Air Command. Designed in the late 1950s by North American Aviation (NAA), the six-engined Valkyrie was capable of cruising for thousands of miles at Mach 3+ while flying at 70,000 feet (21,000 m).


Brinkmanship is the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict. The tactic occurs in international politics, foreign policy, labor relations, contemporary military strategy, and high-stakes litigation. The maneuver of pushing a situation with the opponent to the brink succeeds by forcing the opponent to back down and make concessions. That might be achieved through diplomatic maneuvers, by creating the impression that one is willing to use extreme methods rather than concede.

SM-62 Snark Surface-to-surface cruise missile

The Northrop SM-62 Snark was an early-model intercontinental range ground-launched cruise missile that could carry a W39 thermonuclear warhead. The Snark was deployed by the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command from 1958 through 1961. It represented an important step in weapons technology during the Cold War. The Snark took its name from the author Lewis Carroll's character the "snark".

This is a list of aviation-related events from 1957:

Thomas S. Gates Jr. American diplomat and 7th US Secretary of Defense

Thomas Sovereign Gates Jr. was an American politician and diplomat who served as Secretary of Defense from 1959 to 1961 and Secretary of the Navy from 1957 to 1959, both under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. During his tenure as Secretary of Defense, he established a task force to set nuclear target priorities. He also authorized U-2 reconnaissance flights, including the flight of Francis Gary Powers.

Cold War (1953–1962) Phase of the Cold War

The Cold War (1953–1962) discusses the period within the Cold War from the death of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin in 1953 to the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Following the death of Stalin, new leaders attempted to "de-Stalinize" the Soviet Union causing unrest in the Eastern Bloc and members of the Warsaw Pact. In spite of this there was a calming of international tensions, the evidence of which can be seen in the signing of the Austrian State Treaty reuniting Austria, and the Geneva Accords ending fighting in Indochina. However, this period of good happenings was only partial with an expensive arms race continuing during the period and a less alarming, but very expensive space race occurring between the two superpowers as well. The addition of African countries to the stage of cold war, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo joining the Soviets, caused even more unrest in the West.

In the United States, during the Cold War, the missile gap was the perceived superiority of the number and power of the USSR's missiles in comparison with those of the U.S.. The gap in the ballistic missile arsenals did not exist except in exaggerated estimates, made by the Gaither Committee in 1957 and in United States Air Force (USAF) figures. Even the contradictory CIA figures for the USSR's weaponry, which showed a clear advantage for the US, were far above the actual count. Like the bomber gap of only a few years earlier, it was soon demonstrated that the gap was entirely fictional.

Militarisation of space Use of outer space for military aims

The militarisation of space involves the placement and development of weaponry and military technology in outer space. The early exploration of space in the mid-20th century had, in part, a military motivation, as the United States and the Soviet Union used it as an opportunity to demonstrate ballistic-missile technology and other technologies having the potential for military application. Outer space has since been used as an operating location for military spacecraft such as imaging and communications satellites, and some ballistic missiles pass through outer space during their flight. As of 2019 known deployments of weapons stationed in space include only the Almaz space-station armament and pistols such as the TP-82 Cosmonaut survival pistol.

Presidency of John F. Kennedy U.S. presidential administration from 1961 to 1963

John F. Kennedy's tenure as the 35th president of the United States, began with his inauguration on January 20, 1961, and ended with his assassination on November 22, 1963. A Democrat from Massachusetts, he took office following the 1960 presidential election, in which he narrowly defeated Richard Nixon, the then-incumbent vice president. He was succeeded by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson.

Pye Wacket Air-to-air missile

Pye Wacket was the codename for an experimental lenticular-form air-to-air missile developed by the Convair Division of the General Dynamics Corporation in 1957. Intended as a defensive missile for the B-70 Valkyrie Mach 3 bomber, the program saw extensive wind-tunnel testing and seemed promising; however the cancellation of the B-70 removed the requirement for the missile, and the project was cancelled.

November 1960 Month of 1960

The following events occurred in November 1960:

January 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in January 1961:

February 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in February 1961:

September 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in September 1961:

November 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in November 1961:

February 1962 Month of 1962

The following events occurred in February 1962:

June 1963 Month of 1963

The following events occurred in June 1963:

Project SAINT US anti-Soviet spacecraft system

Project SAINT was a project undertaken by the United States during the Cold War to develop a means of intercepting, inspecting and destroying Soviet spacecraft. Many details relating to the project are still classified. The order to launch the SAINT could only be given by the NORAD commander-in-chief, and presumably, anyone higher ranked than them.


  1. Order 10924: Establishment of the Peace Corps. (1961),
  2. "Democrats Win in Uganda", Glasgow Herald, March 27, 1961, p9
  3. "Algerians Accept Bid to Parley With French", Milwaukee Journal, March 2, 1961, p1
  4. "CONGO TROOPS KILL 44 CIVILIANS IN BITTER TOWN FIGHT", Sydney Morning Herald, March 3, 1961, p1
  5. "Blast Kills 22 Miners In Indiana", Pittsburgh Press, March 3, 1961, p1
  6. Patrick O'Brian, Pablo Ruiz Picasso: a biography (W. W. Norton & Company, 1994) p456
  7. Thomas Kerlin Park and Aomar Boum, Historical Dictionary of Morocco (Scarecrow Press, 2006) p149
  8. "Blue Scout Makes Study of Radiation", Spokane Spokesman-Review, March 4, 1961, p1; "'Poor Man's' Rocket Fired By Air Force", Prescott (Ariz.) Evening Courier, March 3, 1961, p1
  9. "MURDERED IN A CURIOSITY SHOP— Bizarre London stabbing", Sydney Morning Herald, March 5, 1961, p3
  10. "Wanted— faces that fit the bill", New Scientist, 16 May 1985, p26
  11. Thomas C. Reed and Danny B. Stillman, The nuclear express: a political history of the bomb and its proliferation (MBI Publishing Company, 2009 ) p190
  12. "Eisenhower, Dwight David", in Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774–1989, Robert Sobel, ed. (Greenwood Publishing Group, 1990) p116
  13. North Callahan, Carl Sandburg: His Life and Works (Penn State Press, 1987) p221
  14. "Clock Is Perfect", Spokane Spokesman-Review, March 6, 1961, p3
  15. "10 Air Force Men die In KB50 Crash", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 6, 1961, p1
  16. "Affirmative Action", in Encyclopedia of Black Studies (Molefi K. Asante and Ama Mazama, eds.) (SAGE, 2005) p3
  18. David K. Stumpf, Titan II: A History of a Cold War Missile Program (University of Arkansas Press, 2000) p29
  19. "Breaking the Sound Barrier: From Mach 1 to Mach 10"
  20. Conrad, 57, had taken off in his twin-engine Piper from Miami at 8:07 a.m. on February 27, and landed at 2:46 a.m. after a 25,457 mile journey around the world. "Grandfather Holds New Flight Mark", Spokane Spokesman-Review, March 9, 1961, p15
  21. I J. Galantin, Submarine Admiral: From Battlewagons to Ballistic Missiles (University of Illinois Press, 1997) p242
  22. "71 Miners Killed In Japan", Calgary Herald, March 10, 1961, p1
  23. "Russia Lands Third Dog From Orbit", Milwaukee Sentinel, March 9, 1961, p1
  24. "Venus Sends Back Clear Radio Beam", Spokane Spokesman-Review, March 17, 1961, p1
  25. James Glanz and Eric Lipton, City in the Sky: The Rise and Fall of the World Trade Center (Macmillan, 2003) p52
  26. "Barbie's boy toy Ken to celebrate 50th birthday", March 7, 2011,
  27. Michael O'Brien, John F. Kennedy: A Biography (Macmillan, 2006) pp525-526
  28. "An 'Americano' Revolutionary in Castro's Cuba",; "Morgan Is Executed; Former Hero of Cuba", Milwaukee Journal, March 12, 1961, p1
  29. "Jack Anderson" (column), Ocala (FL) Star-Banner, January 18, 1971, p4A
  30. "CIA Plot to Kill Castro Detailed", Washington Post, June 27, 2007
  31. "145 Killed By Landslide In Ukraine-- News Withheld From Soviet Press For Over 2 Weeks", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 1, 1961, p2
  32. Maurice Isserman and Stewart Weaver, Fallen Giants: A History of Himalayan Mountaineering from the Age of Empire to the Age of Extremes (Yale University Press, 2010) p352
  33. [ bare URL ]
  34. McIntyre, W. David (April 2008). "The Expansion of the Commonwealth and the Criteria for Membership". Round Table . 97 (395): 273–85. doi:10.1080/00358530801962089. S2CID   219623317.
  35. "Morphine derivative", US3254088
  36. S. L. Greenslade, The Cambridge History of the Bible: The West, from the Reformation to the Present Day (Cambridge University Press, 1975) p380; "New Translation Of Bible In Modern Day English To Be Released Tuesday", St. Petersburg (Fla.) Times, March 13, 1961, p11-A
  37. "Terrorists Kill 'Dozens' in Angola", Windsor (Ont.) Star, March 18, 1961, p1
  38. "Roberto, Holden", in Historical Dictionary of Angola by W. Martin James (Scarecrow Press, 2004) pp140-141
  39. "IT'S FINAL— SOUTH AFRICA OUT", Windsor (Ont.) Star, March 15, 1961, p1
  40. "1st Game Of World Chess Match Called", St. Petersburg (FL) Times, March 16, 1961, p7-C
  41. "Joint Nuclear Accident Co-ordinating Center: Record of Events" (PDF). United States Department of Defense. 1961-03-14. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2008-12-04.
  43. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, The Early Years: Goddard Space Flight Center; Historical Origins and Activities through December 1962 (NASA Publication, 1963) p20
  44. Susan Kelly, The Boston Stranglers (Pinnacle Books, 2002) pp69-70
  45. "Tornado Kills 180 in Pakistan", Milwaukee Journal, March 22, 1961, p1; "Tornado Death Toll Said 266", Lakeland (FL) Ledger, March 23, 1961, p5
  46. June Skinner Sawyers, ed., Read the Beatles: Classic and New Writings on the Beatles, Their Legacy, and Why They Still Matter (Penguin, 2006) pp xxi-xxii
  47. "Kennedy Signs Bill Restoring Eisenhower's Rank", Lewiston (ID) Morning Tribune, March 23, 1961, p2
  48. "Army Accepts Resignation of Eisenhower", Schenectady (NY) Gazette, July 21, 1952, p7
  49. "Soviets Abolish News Censorship". Milwaukee Journal. March 23, 1961. p. 4.
  50. "Eight Yanks Are Missing in US Aircraft Over Laos". Milwaukee Journal. March 25, 1961. p. 1.
  51. Howren, Jamie; Kiland, Taylor Baldwin (2005). Open Doors: Vietnam POWs Thirty Years Later. Potomac Books.
  52. "Soviets acknowledge death in '61 of rookie cosmonaut". Philadelphia Inquirer . April 4, 1986. p. 18.
  53. Burgess, Colin; Hall, Rex (2009). The First Soviet Cosmonaut Team: Their Lives, Legacy, and Historical Impact. Praxis Publishing. p. 119.
  54. "U.S. Shoots A Dummy Into Space". Miami News . March 24, 1961. p. 1.
  55. Allday, Jonathan (2000). Apollo in Perspective: Spaceflight Then and Now. CRC Press. p. 89.
  56. "Cincinnati Topples Ohio State, 70-65, In Overtime Game", Miami News, March 26, 1961, p2C
  57. Rex Hall and David Shayler, The Rocket Men: Vostok & Voskhod, the First Soviet Manned Spaceflights (Springer, 2001) p132
  58. "Rugby Title Won By French Team", Montreal Gazette, March 27, 1961, p20
  59. Charles E. Cobb, On the Road to Freedom: A Guided Tour of the Civil Rights Trail (Algonquin Books, 2008) p269
  60. "A Licence to Read: Thunderball"
  61. "B70 Cuts To Face Solons' Scrutiny", Deseret News (Salt Lake City), March 29, 1961, p1
  62. "Kennedy Asks $1.9 Billions Defense Hike", Milwaukee Sentinel, March 29, 1961, p1
  64. St. Petersburg (FL) Times, March 30, 1961, p3-A
  65. S. A. Akintan, The law of international economic institutions in Africa (BRILL, 1977) p210
  66. "Air Afrique is Dead, Long Live Air Afrique",, August 15, 2001
  67. "D.C. Gets Its Vote Finally", Daytona Beach Morning Journal, March 30, 1961, p1
  68. John P. Grant and J. Craig Barker, International Criminal Law Deskbook (Psychology Press, 2006) p140
  69. Armand Robin chronology (in French)