June 1961

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June 23, 1961: USAF Major Robert M. White becomes first to pilot fly a plane "a mile per second" (3,600 mph) Robert M. White.jpg
June 23, 1961: USAF Major Robert M. White becomes first to pilot fly a plane "a mile per second" (3,600 mph)
June 29, 1961: Thor-Able II rocket puts 3 satellites and 298 pieces of space junk into orbit Thor Able Star with Transit 4A, Solrad 3 and Injun 1 (Jun. 29, 1961).jpg
June 29, 1961: Thor-Able II rocket puts 3 satellites and 298 pieces of space junk into orbit
June 3, 1961: Soviet Premier Khrushchev tries to intimidate U.S. President Kennedy John Kennedy, Nikita Khrushchev 1961.jpg
June 3, 1961: Soviet Premier Khrushchev tries to intimidate U.S. President Kennedy

The following events occurred in June 1961:


June 1, 1961 (Thursday)

June 2, 1961 (Friday)

June 3, 1961 (Saturday)

June 4, 1961 (Sunday)

June 5, 1961 (Monday)

June 6, 1961 (Tuesday)

June 7, 1961 (Wednesday)

Japanese beetle Jbadult.jpg
Japanese beetle

June 8, 1961 (Thursday)

June 9, 1961 (Friday)

June 10, 1961 (Saturday)

June 11, 1961 (Sunday)

June 12, 1961 (Monday)

June 13, 1961 (Tuesday)

June 14, 1961 (Wednesday)

The President's convertible 1961 Lincoln model 74A.jpg
The President's convertible

June 15, 1961 (Thursday)

Ulbricht says no wall will be built in Berlin Bundesarchiv Bild 183-J1231-1002-002 Walter Ulbricht, Neujahrsansprache.jpg
Ulbricht says no wall will be built in Berlin

June 16, 1961 (Friday)

Nureyev Rudolf Nurejev 1961.jpg

June 17, 1961 (Saturday)

June 18, 1961 (Sunday)

June 19, 1961 (Monday)

June 20, 1961 (Tuesday)

June 21, 1961 (Wednesday)

June 22, 1961 (Thursday)

June 23, 1961 (Friday)

June 24, 1961 (Saturday)

June 25, 1961 (Sunday)

June 26, 1961 (Monday)

June 27, 1961 (Tuesday)

June 28, 1961 (Wednesday)

June 29, 1961 (Thursday)

June 30, 1961 (Friday)

Related Research Articles

Cuban Missile Crisis Confrontation between the U.S. and Soviet Union over ballistic missiles in Cuba

The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of 1962, the Caribbean Crisis, or the Missile Scare, was a 1 month, 4 day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union which escalated into an international crisis when American deployments of missiles in Italy and Turkey were matched by Soviet deployments of similar ballistic missiles in Cuba. Despite the short time frame, the Cuban Missile Crisis remains a defining moment in U.S. national security and nuclear war preparation. The confrontation is often considered the closest the Cold War came to escalating into a full-scale nuclear war.


Brinksmanship, or Brinkmanship, is the practice of trying to achieve an advantageous outcome by pushing dangerous events to the brink of active conflict. The tactic occurs in international politics, foreign policy, labor relations, and in contemporary military strategy by involving the threat of nuclear weapons, and high-stakes litigation. The maneuver of pushing a situation with the opponent to the brink succeeds by forcing the opponent to back down and make concessions. That might be achieved through diplomatic maneuvers by creating the impression that one is willing to use extreme methods rather than concede.

Vienna summit Summit meeting in Vienna, Austria

The Vienna summit was a summit meeting held on June 4, 1961, in Vienna, Austria, between President John F. Kennedy of the United States and Premier Nikita Khrushchev of the Soviet Union. The leaders of the two superpowers of the Cold War era discussed numerous issues in the relationship between their countries.

John F. Kennedy 35th president of the United States

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, often referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from 1961 until his assassination near the end of his third year in office. Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his work as president concerned relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba. A member of the Kennedy family and a Democrat, he represented Massachusetts in both houses of the U.S. Congress prior to becoming president.

Pierre Salinger American politician and journalist

Pierre Emil George Salinger was an American journalist, author and politician. He served as the ninth press secretary for United States Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson. Salinger served as a United States Senator in 1964 and as campaign manager for the 1968 Robert F. Kennedy presidential campaign.

Presidency of John F. Kennedy U.S. presidential administration from 1961 to 1963

John F. Kennedy's tenure as the 35th president of the United States, began with his inauguration on January 20, 1961, and ended with his assassination on November 22, 1963. A Democrat from Massachusetts, he took office following the 1960 presidential election, in which he narrowly defeated Richard Nixon, the then-incumbent vice president. He was succeeded by Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson.

Kuwait–Russia relations Bilateral relations

Kuwait–Russia relations is the bilateral relationship between the two countries, Kuwait and Russia.

Berlin Crisis of 1961 Cold War incident in divided Berlin

The Berlin Crisis of 1961 occurred between 4 June – 9 November 1961, and was the last major European politico-military incident of the Cold War about the occupational status of the German capital city, Berlin, and of post–World War II Germany. The Berlin Crisis started when the USSR issued an ultimatum demanding the withdrawal of all armed forces from Berlin, including the Western armed forces in West Berlin. The crisis culminated in the city's de facto partition with the East German erection of the Berlin Wall.

September 1960 Month of 1960

The following events occurred in September 1960:

May 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in May 1961:

July 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in July 1961:

American University speech

The American University speech, titled "A Strategy of Peace", was a commencement address delivered by United States President John F. Kennedy at the American University in Washington, D.C., on Monday, June 10, 1963. Delivered at the height of his rhetorical powers and widely considered one of his most powerful speeches, Kennedy not only outlined a plan to curb nuclear arms, but also "laid out a hopeful, yet realistic route for world peace at a time when the U.S. and Soviet Union faced the potential for an escalating nuclear arms race." In the speech, Kennedy announced his agreement to negotiations "toward early agreement on a comprehensive test ban treaty" and also announced, for the purpose of showing "good faith and solemn convictions", his decision to unilaterally suspend all U.S. atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons as long as all other nations would do the same. Noteworthy are his comments that the United States was seeking a goal of "complete disarmament" of nuclear weapons and his vow that America "will never start a war". The speech was unusual in its peaceful outreach to the Soviet Union at the height of the Cold War, and is remembered as one of Kennedy's finest and most important speeches.

September 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in September 1961:

October 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in October 1961:

November 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in November 1961:

February 1962 Month of 1962

The following events occurred in February 1962:

The United States foreign policy during the presidency of John F. Kennedy from 1961 to 1963 included John F. Kennedy's diplomatic and military initiatives in Western Europe, Southeast Asia, and Latin America, all conducted amid considerable Cold War tensions with the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Kennedy deployed a new generation of foreign policy experts, dubbed "the best and the brightest". In his inaugural address Kennedy encapsulated his Cold War stance: "Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate".

The following events occurred in October 1962:

November 1962 Month of 1962

The following events occurred in November 1962:

June 1963 Month of 1963

The following events occurred in June 1963:


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  7. "A New Bank, 1961-1986". The Story of CIBC. Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce. Archived from the original on February 9, 2005. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  8. Peter Plowman, Australian Cruise Ships (Rosenberg Publishing, 2007) p15
  9. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961-1963: Soviet Union (Government Printing Office, 1998) pp171-172
  10. "Kennedy, Khrushchev Have Cordial Meeting", Milwaukee Journal, June 3, 1961, p1
  11. John F. Stacks, Scotty: James B. Reston and the Rise and Fall of American Journalism (University of Nebraska Press, 2006) pp4-5
  12. G. S. Prentzas, Gideon v. Wainwright: The Right to Free Legal Counsel (Infobase Publishing, 2007) p19
  13. "Pigeon & Battle Hero — GI Joe Is Dead", Miami News, June 6, 1961, p1
  14. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1961-1963: Soviet Union (Government Printing Office, 1998) pp217-220
  15. "CHIEF TRUJILLO ASSASSIN IS SLAIN IN GUN BATTLE", Miami News, June 5, 1961, p1
  16. Michal R. Belknap, The Supreme Court under Earl Warren, 1953-1969 (University of South Carolina Press, 2005) p71-72; "Supreme Court Rocks U.S. Reds- Party Must Register Members", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 5, 1961, p2
  17. Eric Konigsberg, Blood Relation (HarperCollins, 2006) pp27-28
  18. The Europa Year Book (Europa Publications, 1984) p499
  19. Jürgen Kleiner, Korea, a Century of Change (World Scientific, 2001) p134
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  22. Catherine Johnson and Robert Turnock, eds., ITV Cultures: Independent Television over Fifty Years (McGraw-Hill International, 2005) pp 96-97
  23. Frederick L. Coolidge, Dream Interpretation as a Psychotherapeutic Technique (Radcliffe Publishing, 2006) p59
  24. John Nathan, Sony (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2001) p66
  25. Arthur V. Evans and James N. Hogue, Introduction to California Beetles (University of California Press, 2004) p125
  26. "Tight Little Island Is Filling Up", Miami News, June 8, 1961, p4A
  27. "Braves Blast 6 Home Runs but Still Lose 10-8 Clash", St. Joseph (MO) Gazette, June 9, 1961
  28. "The Fans Speak Out", Baseball Digest (September 2008) p9
  29. Mac Montandon, Jet Pack Dreams (Da Capo Press, 2008); "Portable Army Rocket Propels Man 150 Feet in 14-Second Test Flight", New York Times, June 9, 1961, p1; "Just Like Superman Is Army Test Flight With Body Rockets", Schenectady (NY) Gazette, June 9, 1961, p1
  30. Bertrand M. Patenaude, Trotsky: Downfall of a Revolutionary (HarperCollins, 2009) p295
  31. Sandra Choron and Harry Choron, Planet Wedding: A Nuptial-Pedia (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2010) p84
  32. "4,000 Irate Farmers Seize Town", Miami News, June 8, 1961, p1
  33. Signs of Change: Transformations of Christian Traditions and Their Representation in the Arts, 1000-2000 (Rodopi, 2004) p295
  34. Omus Sours and Mark Bishop, The Face of Death (Trafford Publishing, 2003) pp 74-79
  35. "Killer executed in U.S." The Sun (Vancouver), December 14, 1983, pA19
  36. "Thanos executed in Maryland- State puts inmate to death for first time in 33 years", The Free Lance-Star (Fredericksburg VA), May 17, 1994, pC8
  37. "Lisbon Reproved by U.N. on Angola", New York Times, June 10, 1961, p1
  38. Mark Clifford, Troubled Tiger: Businessmen, Bureaucrats, and Generals in South Korea (M.E. Sharpe, 1998) p80
  39. "7 Killings In 6 States A Joke To Teen Boys", Miami News, June 12, 1961, p1
  40. Michael Newton, The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers (Infobase Publishing, 2006) p297; "Two Hanged in Kansas After Slaying 7 Persons", New York Times, June 23, 1965
  41. "Russian Note Demands German Peace Treaty", Miami News, June 11, 1961, p1
  42. "Gendebien And Hill Share Famous Le Mans Victory", Ottawa Citizen, June 12, 1961, p13
  43. North Carolina Division of Tourism
  44. "Norm's Homer Unique", Miami News, June 12, 1961, p7
  45. Patrick Harrigan, The Detroit Tigers: club and community, 1945-1995 (University of Toronto Press, 1997) p115
  46. "The South-Tyrol Autonomy in Italy", by Oskar Peterlini, in One Country, Two Systems, Three Legal Orders: Perspectives of Evolution (Springer 2009) p149, 152; "Dynamite Blasts Rock South Tyrol", The Age (Melbourne), June 13, 1961, p11
  47. James T. Andrews, Red Cosmos: K.E. Tsiolkovskii, Grandfather of Soviet Rocketry (Texas A&M University Press, 2009) p98
  48. "Luxury On Wheels — That's New Car For The President", Miami News, June 14, 1961, p1
  49. "1961: Panda replaces zebra at road crossing". BBC News. June 14, 1961.
  50. Hope M. Harrison, Driving the Soviets up the wall: Soviet-East German relations, 1953-1961 (Princeton University Press, 2003) pp179-180
  51. Darius Rejali, Torture and Democracy (Princeton University Press, 2009) p228; Raymond Arsenault, Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice (Oxford University Press US, 2006) p325
  52. "N.Y. Youth Charges 'Terrible Treatment' of Freedom Riders, Milwaukee Journal, June 26, 1961, p1; "Freedom Rider Alleges Brutal Gaol Treatment", The Age (Melbourne), June 28, 1961, p11
  53. Julie Kavanagh, Nureyev: The Life (Random House, 2008) pp133-137; "Red Dancer Asks Asylum in France", Spokane Spokesman-Review, June 17, 1961, p1
  54. "Hailwood Wins Senior T.T. Race at 100 M.P.H.", Glasgow Herald, June 17, 1961, p7
  55. Glenn P. Hastedt, Spies, Wiretaps, and Secret Operations: An Encyclopedia of American Espionage (ABC-CLIO, 2010) p219
  56. "It's a milestone for a magnificent fighter", The Hindu, June 18, 2011
  57. "Film Star Chandler Is Dead", Miami News, June 18, 1961, p1
  58. "Jeff Chandler Heirs Settle for $233,358", Los Angeles Times, February 21, 1962, pA-1
  59. "Train Crash Kills 23", Reading (PA) Eagle", June 19, 1961, p1
  60. "Garandabal, Our Lady of", in The HarperCollins Encyclopedia of Catholicism (Richard P. McBrien, ed.) (HarperCollins, 1995) p553-554
  61. Dunning, John (1998). On the Air: The Encyclopedia of Old-Time Radio (Revised ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press. pp.  302-306. ISBN   978-0-19-507678-3 . Retrieved 2019-10-19. Gunsmoke, western drama.
  62. The Age (Melbourne), June 21, 1961, p18
  63. Alan Rush, Al-Sabah: history & genealogy of Kuwait's ruling family, 1752-1987 (Garnet & Ithaca Press, 1987) p6; "Independence for Kuwait— UK protection withdrawn", The Guardian (Manchester), June 20, 1961
  64. Priscilla H. Machado Zotti, Injustice for All: Mapp vs. Ohio and the Fourth Amendment (Peter Lang Publishing, 2005) p154; The Papers of Justice Tom C. Clark, University of Texas
  65. David M. Crowe, A History of the Gypsies of Eastern Europe and Russia (Palgrave Macmillan, 1996) p93
  66. "EICHMANN SPEAKS— 'THEY ORDERED ME'", Miami News, June 20, 1961, p1
  67. "President Hails Desalting Plant; He Flips Switch to Dedicate Water Project in Texas", New York Times, June 22, 1961; "Introduction to Desalinazation Technologies"
  68. Gunter Endres, The Illustrated Directory of Modern Commercial Aircraft (Zenith Imprint, 2001) p273; "Lost in Time: Aviation Traders Carvairs", by David Parker Brown, AirlineReporter.com, November 24th, 2010
  69. "Welcome to Syiah Kuala University"
  70. Qiang Zhai, China and the Vietnam Wars, 1950-1975 (University of North Carolina Press, 2000) p103; "Laos to Get New Rule by Coalition— Three Factions to Run Nation", Spokane Spokesman-Review, June 22, 1961, p1
  71. Y. G.-M. Lulat, A History of African Higher Education from Antiquity to the Present: A Critical Synthesis (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005) p144
  72. "X-15 Sets Record of Mile a Second", New York Times, June 24, 1961, p1; "Rocket Plane Travels Faster Than Mile Per Second", Reading (PA) Eagle, June 24, 1961, p1
  73. "Breaking the Sound Barrier: From Mach 1 to Mach 10"
  74. Donald Rothwell, The Polar Regions and the Development of International Law (Cambridge University Press, 1996) pp70-71
  75. Rosa A. Eberly, Citizen Critics: Literary Public Spheres (University of Illinois Press, 2000) pp65-66
  76. "Court Voids Ban on 'Tropic' Book", New York Times, June 23, 1964, p25
  77. "George Vanderbilt, 47, Is Killed In Plunge From Hotel on Coast", New York Times, June 25, 1961, p1
  78. "Iraq Threatens to Annex Kuwait", St. Petersburg Times, June 26, 1961, p1
  79. Frank Brenchley, Britain and the Middle East: an economic history, 1945-87 (I.B.Tauris, 1989) pp 136-138
  80. Peter Pettinger, Bill Evans: How My Heart Sings (Yale University Press, 2002) p110
  81. Mattias Gardell, In the Name of Elijah Muhammad: Louis Farrakhan and the Nation of Islam (Duke University Press, 1996) p274
  82. Meche Okwesili, Good Over Evil (Trafford Publishing, 2003) p249-250
  83. Ward Churchill and Mike Ryan, Pacifism as Pathology (AK Press, 2007) p138
  84. Julien Bogousslavsky, et al., Neurological Disorders in Famous Artists, Part 3 (Karger Publishers, 2010) p186
  85. "Canterbury's Day of Splendour", Glasgow Herald - June 28, 1961; "Canterbury Archbishop Is Enthroned", St. Petersburg Times, June 28, 1961
  86. L. Fletcher Prouty, with Oliver Stone, JFK: The CIA, Vietnam, and the Plot to Assassinate John F. Kennedy (Skyhorse Publishing Inc., 2009) pp170-172
  87. Heiner Klinkrad, Space Debris: Models and Risk Analysis (Birkhäuser, 2006) p1
  88. "3-IN-1 SATELLITE ORBITS", Miami News, June 29, 1961, p1
  89. Joseph A. Angelo, Space Technology (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003) p26
  90. Abigail Foerstner, James Van Allen: The First Eight Billion Miles (University of Iowa Press, 2007) p205
  91. Loch K. Johnson, Strategic Intelligence, Volume 1 (Greenwood Publishing, 2007) p235
  92. Simon Louvish, Monkey Business: the Lives and Legends of the Marx Brothers: Groucho, Chico, Harpo, Zeppo, with Added Gummo (Macmillan, 2000) p365
  93. Keith Elliot Greenberg, Pro Wrestling: From Carnivals to Cable TV (Lerner Publications, 2000) p40
  94. Official Year Book of Australia No. 60, 1974 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1974) p132
  95. Leslie N. Masonson, All about Market Timing: The Easy Way to Get Started (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2003) p154
  96. David H. Finnie, Shifting Lines in the Sand: Kuwait's Elusive Frontier with Iraq (Harvard University Press, 1992) p140
  97. "Famed Inventor Leaves $1,250", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 18, 1961, p2