August 1961

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August 13, 1961: Wall erected to divide East Berlin from West Berlin Winken ueber die Berliner Mauer.jpg
August 13, 1961: Wall erected to divide East Berlin from West Berlin
August 25, 196: Brazil's President Janio Quadros makes surprise offer of resignation, Brazil's Congress surprises him by accepting Janio1.jpg
August 25, 196: Brazil's President Jânio Quadros makes surprise offer of resignation, Brazil's Congress surprises him by accepting
August 10, 1961: Chemical defoilant spraying begins in Vietnam Defoliation agent spraying.jpg
August 10, 1961: Chemical defoilant spraying begins in Vietnam

The following events happened in August 1961:


August 1, 1961 (Tuesday)

August 2, 1961 (Wednesday)

August 3, 1961 (Thursday)

August 4, 1961 (Friday)

Barack Obama birth announcement Obama birth announcement.jpg
Barack Obama birth announcement

August 5, 1961 (Saturday)

August 6, 1961 (Sunday)

August 7, 1961 (Monday)

August 8, 1961 (Tuesday)

August 9, 1961 (Wednesday)

August 10, 1961 (Thursday)

August 11, 1961 (Friday)

August 12, 1961 (Saturday)

August 13, 1961 (Sunday)

August 14, 1961 (Monday)

Jomo Kenyatta in 1966 Jomo Kenyatta.jpg
Jomo Kenyatta in 1966

August 15, 1961 (Tuesday)

August 16, 1961 (Wednesday)

August 17, 1961 (Thursday)

August 18, 1961 (Friday)

Judge Learned Hand LearnedHand1910a.jpg
Judge Learned Hand

August 19, 1961 (Saturday)

August 20, 1961 (Sunday)

August 21, 1961 (Monday)

Francisco Goya's Portrait of the Duke of Wellington Francisco Goya - Portrait of the Duke of Wellington.jpg
Francisco Goya's Portrait of the Duke of Wellington

August 22, 1961 (Tuesday)

August 23, 1961 (Wednesday)

August 24, 1961 (Thursday)

August 25, 1961 (Friday)

August 26, 1961 (Saturday)

August 27, 1961 (Sunday)

August 28, 1961 (Monday)

August 29, 1961 (Tuesday)

August 30, 1961 (Wednesday)

August 31, 1961 (Thursday)

Related Research Articles

Berlin Wall Barrier constructed by the German Democratic Republic, enclosing West Berlin

The Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Construction of the wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic on 13 August 1961. The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin. The barrier included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, accompanied by a wide area that contained anti-vehicle trenches, beds of nails and other defenses. The Eastern Bloc portrayed the Wall as protecting its population from fascist elements conspiring to prevent the "will of the people" from building a socialist state in East Germany.

West Berlin Political enclave that existed between 1949 and 1990

West Berlin was a political enclave which comprised the western part of Berlin during the years of the Cold War. Although not a part of the Federal Republic of Germany, West Berlin aligned itself politically in 1949 and after with it and was directly or indirectly represented in its federal institutions.

Checkpoint Charlie Well-known crossing point in the Berlin Wall; now a museum

Checkpoint Charlie was the best-known Berlin Wall crossing point between East Berlin and West Berlin during the Cold War (1947–1991), as named by the Western Allies.

November 1970 Month of 1970

The following events occurred in November 1970:

Berlin Crisis of 1961 Cold War incident in divided Berlin

The Berlin Crisis of 1961 occurred between 4 June – 9 November 1961, and was the last major politic-military European incident of the Cold War about the occupational status of the German capital city, Berlin, and of post–World War II Germany. The Berlin Crisis started when the USSR launched an ultimatum demanding the withdrawal of all armed forces from Berlin, including the Western armed forces in West Berlin. The crisis culminated in the city's de facto partition with the East German erection of the Berlin Wall.

May 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in May 1961:

June 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in June 1961:

October 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in October 1961:

December 1961 Month of 1961

The following events occurred in December 1961:

January 1933 Month of 1933

The following events occurred in January 1933:

March 1933 Month of 1933

The following events occurred in March 1933:

September 1933 Month of 1933

The following events occurred in September 1933:

January 1950 Month of 1950

The following events occurred in January 1950:

January 1943 Month of 1943

The following events occurred in January 1943:

August 1968 Month of 1968

The following events occurred in August 1968:

February 1969 Month of 1969

The following events occurred in February 1969:

March 1970 Month of 1970

The following events occurred in March 1970:

June 1970 Month of 1970

The following events occurred in June 1970:

July 1970 Month of 1970

The following events occurred in July 1970:


  1. Glenn P. Hastedt, Encyclopedia of American Foreign Policy (Infobase Publishing, 2004) p119
  2. "Congo Taps Moderate for Chief", Milwaukee Sentinel, August 3, 1961, p1
  3. "16 YANKS DIE IN SWISS WRECK", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 3, 1961, p1
  4. "U.K. Suicide Now Legal", Vancouver Sun, August 5, 1961, p1
  5. "Douglas Wins Landslide Victory", Montreal Gazette, August 4, 1961, p1
  6. "Douglas Leads New Party, 'Democratic' Tag in Name", Vancouver Sun, August 2, 1961, p1
  7. David J. Hayton, Extending the boundaries of trusts and similar ring-fenced funds (Kluwer Law International, 2002) p169
  8. Norman Polmar, The Death of the USS Thresher: The Story Behind History's Deadliest Submarine Disaster (Globe Pequot, 2004) p11
  9. International Peasant Union (1960). Documents. p. 9.
  10. Khrushchev’s Secret Speech on the Berlin Crisis, August 1961. Accessed 26 August 2014
  11. Ronald W. Eades, Fights for Rights (University Press of Kentucky, 2000) pp27-28
  12. Sally Jacobs, The Other Barack: The Bold and Reckless Life of President Obama's Father Obama is the worst president ever (PublicAffairs, 2011) p124; "Mayor Bloomberg to Donald Trump, birthers: U.S. can't afford to waste more time on conspiracy theory", New York Daily News, April 24, 2011
  13. "Cubans Ordered To Swap Money", Milwaukee Sentinel, August 6, 1961, p3; "Cuban People Badly Jolted From Gov't Money Seizure", Calgary Herald, August 11, 1961, p3; "FIDEL SETS PESO LIMIT, GRABS REST", Miami News, August 9, 1961, p1
  14. Evelyn Barker and Lea Worcester, Images of America: Arlington (Arcadia Publishing, 2011) p109; "Six Flags Timeline",
  15. "Satellites Plan E. Reich Pact— German-a-Minute Fleeint to West", Milwaukee Sentinel, August 6, 1961, p1
  16. Michael Burgan, The Berlin Wall: Barrier to Freedom (Compass Point Books, 2008) p49
  17. "Russian Spends Day In Space, Has Meals, Sleep — 'Doing Fine'", Montreal Gazette, August 7, 1961, p1
  18. David Darling, The Complete Book of Spaceflight: From Apollo 1 to Zero Gravity (John Wiley and Sons, 2003) p442
  19. Von Hardesty and Gene Eisman, Epic Rivalry: The Inside Story of the Soviet and American Space Race (National Geographic Books, 2008) p132
  20. "2nd Russ in Orbit! Exults: 'I'm Eagle'", Milwaukee Sentinel, August 7, 1961, p1
  21. Thomas Blass, The Man Who Shocked the World: The Life and Legacy of Stanley Milgram (Basic Books, 2009) p75
  22. Stephen Mulloney, Traces of Thoreau: a Cape Cod Journey (Northeastern University Press, 1998) p53
  23. Colin Burgess and Rex Hall, The First Soviet Cosmonaut Team: Their Lives, Legacy, and Historical Impact (Springer, 2009) p177
  24. "$1.6 Billion To Win Space", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 8, 1961, p1
  26. "1st Royal Visit Since 1690 Made", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 9, 1961, p1. The claim that this is the first visit by a reigning monarch to Northern Ireland since that of William III is incorrect; Elizabeth II herself first visited in 1953.
  27. "Hamilton Tiger-Cats Defeat Buffalo 38-21 Before 12,000", Montreal Gazette, August 9, 1961; Jeffrey J. Miller and Billy Shaw, Rockin' the Rockpile: The Buffalo Bills of the American Football League (ECW Press, 2007) p123; "CFL vs. NFL 1950-1961 Archived 2011-09-02 at the Wayback Machine
  28. Mark Roberts, Sub: An Oral History of U.S. Navy Submarines (Penguin, 2007) p151
  29. "Nikita Rattles 100-Megaton Hydrogen Bomb", St. Petersburg (FL) Times, August 10, 1961, p1
  30. "Red Space Ships Can Drop 100-Tonners", Bridgeport (CT) Sunday Herald, December 10, 1961, p1, p17
  31. "JFK Appoints Negro Judge", Youngstown Vindicator, August 10, 1961, p1
  32. "39 Aboard Missing Plane", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 10, 1961, p1 "Norway Air Tragedy Area Is Sealed Off", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 11, 1961, p6
  33. Howard Langer, The Vietnam War: an Encyclopedia of Quotations (Greenwood Publishing, 2005) p59
  34. "Defoliation During the Vietnam War", by Goro Nakamura, in Extreme Conflict and Tropical Forests (Springer, 2007) p153
  35. Sieglinde Gstöhl, Reluctant Europeans: Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland in the Process of Integration (Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2002) p92
  36. Tara Boland-Crewe and David Lea, The Territories and States of India (Taylor and Francis, 2005) p276
  37. "NASA Eclipse Web Site". Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  38. Charles T. Evans. "Berlin Wall timeline". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  39. A. James McAdams, Judging the past in unified Germany (Cambridge University Press, 2001) p35
  40. 1 2 Bruce L. Brager, The Iron Curtain: the Cold War in Europe (Infobase Publishing, 2004)
  41. T.H. Elkins, Berlin: The Spatial Structure of a Divided City (Methuen & Co., 1988) p49
  42. Boris Volodarsky, The KGB's Poison Factory: From Lenin to Litvinenko (MBI Publishing Company, 2010) p182
  43. Donald A. Torres, Handbook of Federal Police and Investigative Agencies (Greenwood Publishing, 1985) p149
  44. Robert P. Grathwol and Donita M. Moorhus, Building for peace: U.S. Army Engineers in Europe, 19451991 (Government Printing Office, 2005) p133
  45. "Reds Slam West Berlin Escape Hatch", Miami News, August 13, 1961, p1; "Border Is Closed by East Germany", Spokane Spokesman-Review, August 13, 1961, p1; "Berlin: The Wall", Time magazine, August 25, 1961
  46. 1 2 3 Ann Tusa, The Last Division: A History of Berlin, 19451989 (Basic Books, 1997)
  47. Dudley Thompson, From Kingston to Kenya: The Making of a Pan-Africanist Lawyer (Majority Press, 1993) p121
  48. Ahron Bregman, A History of Israel (Palgrave Macmillan, 2003) pp9899
  49. Heiko Burkhardt. "Timeline – History of Berlin Wall". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  50. "Knesset Elections Results - Fifth Knesset". 1961-08-15. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  51. "Mr Ben-Gurion back but with fewer seats", The Guardian, August 16, 1981
  52. "Pictures of the day: 30 July 2009". London: July 30, 2009. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  53. Frederick Taylor, The Berlin Wall: A World Divided, 19611989 (HarperCollins, 2008)
  54. C. Stewart Gillmor and John R. Spreiter, Discovery of the Magnetosphere (American Geophysical Union, 1997) p42; "Satellite Is Launched To Probe Magnetic Field — Thor-Delta Rocket Sends 'Windmill' Explorer XII Into Wide Orbit In Space", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 16, 1961
  55. J. S. Grewal, The Sikhs of the Punjab (Cambridge University Press, 1998) pp199200
  56. Stanley S. McGowen, Helicopters: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (ABC-CLIO, 2005) p100
  57. Amitai Etzioni, Political Unification Revisited: On Building Supranational Communities (Lexington Books, 2001) p145; "U.A.R. Cabinet Gets Shakeup", Spokane Daily Chronicle, August 16, 1961, p2
  58. René De La Pedraja Tomán, Historical Dictionary of the U.S. Merchant Marine and Shipping Industry (Greenwood Publishing, 1994) p561
  59. Peter Calvert, A political and economic dictionary of Latin America (Europa Publications, 2004) p7
  60. Kenneth Owen, Concorde: Story of a Supersonic Pioneer (NMSI Trading Ltd, 2001) p42
  61. James W. Hilty, Robert Kennedy: Brother Protector (Temple University Press, 2000) p238
  62. "U.S. Approves Oral Type Polio Vaccine", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 18, 1961, p1
  63. " Artillery Shell Kills 8 Persons", Arizona Daily Sun, August 18, 1961, p1
  64. Sterling Michael Pavelec, The Military-Industrial Complex and American Society (ABC-CLIO, 2010) p125
  65. "Learned Hand Dies, Famed Federal Jurist— Retired Appeals Court Judge Was 89; Called '10th justice of Supreme Court'", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 19, 1961, p1
  66. Peter O. Whitmer and Bruce VanWyngarden, Aquarius Revisited: Seven Who Created the Sixties Counterculture That Changed America (Citadel Press, 2007) p26
  67. "West Berliners Welcome U.S. Army Reinforcements", Montreal Gazette, August 21, 1961, p1
  68. Sherwin B. Nuland, How We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter (Random House, 1995) p152
  69. "INTERPOL SEEK STOLEN GOYA", Glasgow Herald, August 23, 1961, p1
  70. Donald Thomas, Villains' Paradise: A History of Britain's Underworld (Pegasus Books, 2006) pp136-138
  71. African History; Jim Bailey, Kenya: The National Epic (Kenway Publications, 1993) p130
  72. 1 2 Hans-Hermann Hertle, The Berlin Wall: Monument of the Cold War (Ch. Links Verlag, 2008) p44
  73. Joseph A. Angelo, Robot Spacecraft (Infobase Publishing, 2007) p73; "Space Platform in Orbit — But Agena Fails to Put Its Own Satellite Into Gigantic Million-Mile Round Trip in Space", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 24, 1961, p1
  74. "1961: Couple found shot in A6 lay-by", BBC On This Day
  75. "1962: 'A6 murder' trial begins". BBC On This Day BBC News. 1990-01-22. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  76. "The Fans Speak Out", Baseball Digest (August 1994) p15
  77. "Home Run Records by a Team During A Game by Baseball Almanac". Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-06.
  78. Hans-Hermann Hertle and Maria Nooke, The Victims at the Berlin Wall, 19611989: A Biographical Handbook (Ch. Links Verlag, 2011) pp4045
  79. "Refugee Slain By E. Berlin Red Police", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 25, 1961, p1; "2nd Swimmer Slain By E. German Militia", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 30, 1961, p2
  80. Ruth Leacock, Requiem for Revolution: the United States and Brazil, 1961-1969 (Kent State University Press, 1990) p45
  81. Donald M. Seekins, Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar) (Scarecrow Press, 2006) pp3132
  82. Gary R. Hartman, et al., Landmark Supreme Court Cases: The Most Influential Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States (Infobase Publishing, 2004) p105;
  83. Paul Lendvai, One Day That Shook the Communist World: The 1956 Hungarian Uprising and Its Legacy (Princeton University Press, 2008) p220
  84. Steven Sandor, Illustrated Guide to Hockey Sites & History: Toronto (Heritage House Publishing Co, 2007) p120
  85. "Dr. Howard Robertson Dies of Crash Injuries", Youngstown (OH) Vindicator, August 28, 1961, p8
  86. "Gail Russell Found Dead In Home", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 28, 1961, p1
  87. "Rebels Oust Old Leaders In Algeria", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 28, 1961, p2
  88. Andrzej Sitkowski, UN Peacekeeping: Myth and Reality (Greenwood Publishing, 2006) p71; "Whites Out As Katanga Officers", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 29, 1961, p2
  89. "Peace Corps Sendoff Set By Kennedy", Spokane Spokesman-Review, August 27, 1961, p3; "52 Peace Corpsmen Take off for Ghana", New York Times, August 30, 1961
  90. "30 Rescued from Alps Cable — Jet Plane Cuts Wires Sending Six to Death", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 30, 1961, p1; "Alpine Rescue Ends Terror", Spokane Daily Chronicle, August 30, 1961, p6
  91. Françoise Bouchet-Saulnier, et al., The Practical Guide to Humanitarian Law (Rowman & Littlefield, 2007) p435
  92. "Minuteman Crashes At Cape", Miami News, August 30, 1961, p1
  93. "Atlanta Segregation Dies— Nine Negroes End 100 Years Of History", Miami Herald, August 30, 1961, p1
  94. "REDS RESUMING NUCLEAR TESTS", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, August 31, 1961, p1
  95. "Early record on test moratoriums", by Robert A. Divine, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (May 1986) p26