Sentimental ballad

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Sentimental ballads are an emotional style of music that often deal with romantic and intimate relationships, and to a lesser extent, war (protest songs), loneliness, death, drug abuse, politics and religion, usually in a poignant but solemn manner. [1] Ballads are generally melodic enough to get the listener's attention. [2]

Romance (love) Type of love that focuses on feelings

Romance is an emotional feeling of love for, or a strong attraction towards another person, and the courtship behaviors undertaken by an individual to express those overall feelings and resultant emotions.

War Intense violent conflict between states

War is a state of armed conflict between states, governments, societies and informal paramilitary groups, such as mercenaries, insurgents and militias. It is generally characterized by extreme violence, aggression, destruction, and mortality, using regular or irregular military forces. Warfare refers to the common activities and characteristics of types of war, or of wars in general. Total war is warfare that is not restricted to purely legitimate military targets, and can result in massive civilian or other non-combatant suffering and casualties.

Loneliness Emotion

Loneliness is a complex and usually unpleasant emotional response to isolation. Loneliness typically includes anxious feelings about a lack of connection or communication with other beings, both in the present and extending into the future. As such, loneliness can be felt even when surrounded by other people and one who feels lonely, is lonely. The causes of loneliness are varied and include social, mental, emotional, and physical factors.

Contents

Sentimental ballads are found in most music genres, such as pop, R&B, soul, country, folk, rock and electronic music. [3] Usually slow in tempo, ballads tend to have a lush musical arrangement which emphasize the song's melody and harmonies. Characteristically, ballads use acoustic instruments such as guitars, pianos, saxophones, and sometimes an orchestral set. Many modern mainstream ballads tend to feature synthesizers, drum machines and even, to some extent, a dance rhythm. [4]

A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated.

Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s. The terms "popular music" and "pop music" are often used interchangeably, although the former describes all music that is popular and includes many diverse styles. "Pop" and "rock" were roughly synonymous terms until the late 1960s, when they became increasingly differentiated from each other.

Contemporary R&B is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, pop, soul, funk, hip hop and electronic music.

Sentimental ballads had their origins in the early Tin Pan Alley music industry of the later 19th century. [5] Initially known as "tear-jerkers" or "drawing-room ballads", they were generally sentimental, narrative, strophic songs published separately or as part of an opera, descendants perhaps of broadside ballads. As new genres of music began to emerge in the early 20th century, their popularity faded, but the association with sentimentality led to the term ballad being used for a slow love song from the 1950s onwards. [6]

Tin Pan Alley group of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century

Tin Pan Alley is the name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century. The name originally referred to a specific place: West 28th Street between Fifth and Sixth Avenues in the Flower District of Manhattan; a plaque on the sidewalk on 28th Street between Broadway and Sixth commemorates it. In 2019 the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission took up the question of preserving five buildings on the north side of the street as a Tin Pan Alley Historic District.

Ballad form of verse, often a narrative set to music

A ballad is a form of verse, often a narrative set to music. Ballads derive from the medieval French chanson balladée or ballade, which were originally "danced songs". Ballads were particularly characteristic of the popular poetry and song of Britain and Ireland from the later medieval period until the 19th century. They were widely used across Europe, and later in Australia, North Africa, North America and South America. Ballads are often 13 lines with an ABABBCBC form, consisting of couplets of rhymed verse, each of 14 syllables. Another common form is ABAB or ABCB repeated, in alternating 8 and 6 syllable lines.

Strophic form song structure in which all verses or stanzas of the text are sung to the same music

Strophic form, also called verse-repeating or chorus form, 'AAA song form', or 'One-part song form', is a song structure in which all verses or stanzas of the text are sung to the same music. The opposite of strophic form, with new music written for every stanza, is called through-composed.

History

Early history

Sentimental ballads have their roots from medieval French chanson balladée or ballade , which were originally "danced songs". Ballads were particularly characteristic of the popular poetry and song of the British Isles from the later medieval period until the 19th century. They were widely used across Europe, and later in the Americas, Australia and North Africa. [7] [8] [9] As a narrative song, their theme and function may originate from Scandinavian and Germanic traditions of storytelling. [10] Musically they were influenced by the Minnesinger. [11] The earliest example of a recognizable ballad in form in England is "Judas" in a 13th-century manuscript. [12] A reference in William Langland's Piers Plowman indicates that ballads about Robin Hood were being sung from at least the late 14th century and the oldest detailed material is Wynkyn de Worde's collection of Robin Hood ballads printed about 1495. [13]

The music of France reflects a diverse array of styles. In the field of classical music, France has produced several prominent romantic composers, while folk and popular music have seen the rise of the chanson and cabaret style. The earliest known sound recording device in the world, the phonautograph, was patented in France by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville in 1857. France is also the 5th largest market by value in the world, and its music industry has produced many internationally renowned artists, especially in the nouvelle chanson and electronic music.

The ballade is a form of medieval and Renaissance French poetry as well as the corresponding musical chanson form. It was one of the three formes fixes and one of the verse forms in France most commonly set to music between the late 13th and the 15th centuries.

Poetry Form of literature

Poetry is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.

18th century – early 20th century

After the Ball, a ballad by Charles K. Harris, was the most successful song of its era, selling over two million copies of sheet music. AftertheBallSheet.jpg
After the Ball , a ballad by Charles K. Harris, was the most successful song of its era, selling over two million copies of sheet music.

Ballads at this time were originally composed in couplets with refrains in alternate lines. These refrains would have been sung by the dancers in time with the dance. [16] In the 18th century, ballad operas developed as a form of English stage entertainment, partly in opposition to the Italian domination of the London operatic scene. [17] In America a distinction is drawn between ballads that are versions of European, particularly British and Irish songs, and 'Native American ballads', developed without reference to earlier songs. A further development was the evolution of the blues ballad, which mixed the genre with Afro-American music. [18]

Refrain line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse

A refrain is the line or lines that are repeated in music or in poetry; the "chorus" of a song. Poetic fixed forms that feature refrains include the villanelle, the virelay, and the sestina.

Ballad opera opera genre

The ballad opera is a genre of English stage entertainment that originated in the early 18th century, and continued to develop over the following century and later. Like the earlier comédie en vaudeville and the later Singspiel, its distinguishing characteristic is the use of tunes in a popular style with spoken dialogue. These English plays were 'operas' mainly insofar as they satirized the conventions of the imported opera seria. Music critic Peter Gammond describes the ballad opera as "an important step in the emancipation of both the musical stage and the popular song."

England Country in north-west Europe, part of the United Kingdom

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to the west and Scotland to the north. The Irish Sea lies west of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

In the late 19th century, Danish folklorist Svend Grundtvig and Harvard professor Francis James Child attempted to record and classify all the known ballads and variants in their chosen regions. [12] Since Child died before writing a commentary on his work it is uncertain exactly how and why he differentiated the 305 ballads printed that would be published as The English and Scottish Popular Ballads . [19] There have been many different and contradictory attempts to classify traditional ballads by theme, but commonly identified types are the religious, supernatural, tragic, love ballads, historic, legendary and humorous. [10]

Svend Grundtvig Folklorist, author

Svend Hersleb Grundtvig was a Danish literary historian and ethnographer. He was one of the first systematic collectors of Danish traditional music, and he was especially interested in Danish folk songs. He began the large project of editing Danish ballads. He also co-edited Icelandic ballads. He was the son of N. F. S. Grundtvig.

Francis James Child American folklorist

Francis James Child was an American scholar, educator, and folklorist, best known today for his collection of English and Scottish ballads now known as the Child Ballads. Child was Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory at Harvard University, where he produced influential editions of English poetry. In 1876 he was named Harvard's first Professor of English, a position which allowed him to focus on academic research. It was during this time that he began work on the Child Ballads.

By the Victorian era, ballad had come to mean any sentimental popular song, especially so-called "royalty ballads". [20] Some of Stephen Foster's songs exemplify this genre. By the 1920s, composers of Tin Pan Alley and Broadway used ballad to signify a slow, sentimental tune or love song, often written in a fairly standardized form. Jazz musicians sometimes broaden the term still further to embrace all slow-tempo pieces. [21] Notable sentimental ballads of this period include, "Little Rosewood Casket" (1870), "After the Ball" (1892), and "Danny Boy" (1913). [22]

1950s–1960s

In 1962, Frank Sinatra released Sinatra and Strings, a set of standard ballads, which became one of the most critically acclaimed works of Sinatra's entire Reprise period. Frank Sinatra in 1957.jpg
In 1962, Frank Sinatra released Sinatra and Strings , a set of standard ballads, which became one of the most critically acclaimed works of Sinatra's entire Reprise period.

Popular sentimental ballad vocalists in this era were Frank Sinatra, Doris Day, Andy Williams, Dusty Springfield, Johnny Mathis, Connie Francis, Nat King Cole, Liza Minnelli and Perry Como. Their custom recordings were usually instrumental versions of current or recent rock and roll or pop hit songs. The most popular and enduring songs from this style of music are known as "pop standards" or (where relevant) "American standards". Many vocalists became involved in 1960s' vocal jazz and the rebirth of swing music, which was sometimes referred to as "easy listening" and was, in essence, a revival of popularity of the "sweet bands" that had been popular during the swing era, but with more emphasis on the vocalist and the sentimentality. [24]

1970s

Soft rock, a subgenre that mainly consist of ballads, was derived from folk rock in the early 1970s, using acoustic instruments and putting more emphasis on melody and harmonies. Major sentimental ballad artists of this decade included Barbra Streisand, Nana Mouskouri, Elton John, Engelbert Humperdinck, Carole King, Cat Stevens, James Taylor. By the early 1970s, softer ballad songs by the Carpenters, Anne Murray, John Denver, Barry Manilow, and even Streisand, began to be played more often on "Top 40" radio. [25]

Furthermore, rock-oriented acts as Queen, Chicago, Toto, England Dan & John Ford Coley, Air Supply, Seals and Crofts, America, the Eagles and Bread, also had made ballad music. [1] [26] [27]

When the word ballad appears in the title of a song, as for example in The Beatles' "The Ballad of John and Yoko" (1969) or Billy Joel's "The Ballad of Billy the Kid" (1974), the folk music sense is generally implied. The term ballad is also sometimes applied to strophic story-songs more generally, such as Don McLean's "American Pie" (1971). [28] [29] [30]

1980s–1990s

Celine Dion's albums were generally constructed on the basis of melodramatic soft rock ballads, with sprinklings of uptempo pop and rare forays into other genres. Celine Dion Concert Singing 'Taking Chances' 2008.jpg
Celine Dion's albums were generally constructed on the basis of melodramatic soft rock ballads, with sprinklings of uptempo pop and rare forays into other genres.

Prominent artists who made sentimental ballads in the 1980s were Stevie Wonder, Richard Marx, Michael Jackson, Madonna, Bonnie Tyler, George Michael, Phil Collins, Sheena Easton, Amy Grant, [32] Lionel Richie, Christopher Cross, Dan Hill, Leo Sayer, Billy Ocean, [33] Julio Iglesias, Bertie Higgins, Tommy Page [34] and Laura Branigan. [35]

The 1990s mainstream pop/R&B singers such as All-4-One, [36] Boyz II Men, Rob Thomas, Christina Aguilera, had made a number of successful, chart-topping ballads. In addition to Celine Dion, other artists with multiple number ones ballads on the AC chart in the 1990s included Phil Collins, Marc Anthony, Michael Bolton, Whitney Houston, Shania Twain, Mariah Carey, [37] Backstreet Boys and Savage Garden. [37]

Newer female singer-songwriters such as Sarah McLachlan, Natalie Merchant, Jewel, Melissa Etheridge and Sheryl Crow also broke through on the AC chart during this time owing to their ballad-sound. [38]

2000s

A popular trend in the early 2000s was remixing dance music hits into acoustic ballads (for example, the "Candlelight Mix" versions of "Heaven" by DJ Sammy, "Listen To Your Heart" by D.H.T., and "Everytime We Touch" by Cascada). [39] Throughout this era, artists such as Nick Lachey, James Blunt, John Mayer, Amy Winehouse, Jason Mraz, Kelly Clarkson, Clay Aiken, Susan Boyle, Powderfinger, Michael Bublé and Josh Groban have become successful thanks to a ballad heavy sound. Rock artists such as Coldplay, Nickelback and Evanescence have also made ballads. Country musicians such as Faith Hill, Shania Twain, LeAnn Rimes and Carrie Underwood had also gained popularity for their ballads. [40]

2010s

In the 2010s, indie musicians like Imagine Dragons, Mumford & Sons, Of Monsters and Men, the Lumineers and Ed Sheeran had indie songs that crossed over to the adult contemporary charts, due to their ballad-heavy sound. [41] [42] In the 2010s, Adele, Bruno Mars, Sam Smith, Calum Scott, Lady Gaga, Andra, James Arthur, Christina Perri, John Legend, Hozier and Sia, among others, have made ballads and enjoyed successes in the adult contemporary charts.[ citation needed ]

Genres

Jazz and traditional pop

Most pop standard and jazz ballads are built from a single, introductory verse, usually around 16 bars in length, and they end on the dominant – the chorus or refrain , usually 16 or 32 bars long and in AABA form (though other forms, such as ABAC, are not uncommon). In AABA forms, the B section is usually referred to as the bridge ; often a brief coda , sometimes based on material from the bridge, is added, as in "Over the Rainbow". [43] [44]

Examples of notable traditional pop and jazz ballads include:

Pop and R&B ballads

The most common use of the term "ballad" in modern pop and R&B music is for an emotional song about romance, breakup and/or longing. [22] The singer would usually lament an unrequited or lost love, either where one party is oblivious to the existence of the other, where one party has moved on, or where a romantic affair has affected the relationship. [46] [47]

Examples of pop ballads include: Celine Dion's "My Heart Will Go On", Elton John's "Sorry Seems To Be The Hardest Word", Delta Goodrem's "Lost Without You", George Michael's "Careless Whisper", Jessie J's "Who You Are", Kelly Clarkson's "Because of You" and Shakira's "Underneath Your Clothes". [48] Examples of R&B ballads or slow jams include Mariah Carey's "My All" and "Love Takes Time", Lionel Richie's "Hello", Ashanti's "Don't Let Them", Jazmine Sullivan's "Lions, Tigers & Bears", Labrinth's "Jealous", Rihanna's "Unfaithful", and Toni Braxton's "Un-Break My Heart". [49]

Power ballads

Simon Frith, the British sociomusicologist and former rock critic, identifies the origins of the power ballad in the emotional singing of soul artists, particularly Ray Charles, and the adaptation of this style by performers such as Eric Burdon, Tom Jones, and Joe Cocker to produce slow-tempo songs often building to a loud and emotive chorus backed by drums, electric guitars, and sometimes choirs. [52] According to Charles Aaron, power ballads came into existence in the early 1970s, when rock stars attempted to convey profound messages to audiences. [53]

Aaron argues that the power ballad broke into the mainstream of American consciousness in 1976 as FM radio gave a new lease of life to earlier songs such as Badfinger's "Without You", Paul McCartney's "Maybe I'm Amazed", Led Zeppelin's "Stairway to Heaven", Aerosmith's "Dream On", and Lynyrd Skynyrd's "Free Bird". [53] The Carpenters' "Goodbye to Love" has also been identified as a prototype of the power ballad. [54] Many well-known later power ballads include Queen's "Love of My Life" (1975), "Who Wants to Live Forever" (1986) and "Too Much Love Will Kill You" (1995), Nazareth's "Love Hurts" (1974), [52] Kiss's "Beth" (1976), REO Speedwagon's "Can't Fight This Feeling" (1985) and "Keep On Loving You" (1980), Night Ranger's "Sister Christian" (1984), Journey's "Open Arms" (1981) and "Faithfully" (1983), Heart's "What About Love" (1985) and "Alone" (1987), [55] , Scorpions's "Still Loving You" (1984) and "Wind of Change" (1990), Mötley Crüe's "Home Sweet Home" (1985) and "Without You" (1990), Def Leppard's "Loves Bites" (1988), Patrick Swayze's "She's Like the Wind " (1987), Aerosmith's "Angel" (1987), Europe's "Carrie" (1987), Dokken's "Alone Again" (1985), Poison's "Every Rose Has Its Thorn" (1988) and "Something to Believe In" (1990), [56] White Lion's "When the Children Cry" (1988), Great White's "Save Your Love" (1987), Whitesnake's "Is This Love" (1987), Sheriff's "When I'm with You" (1983; re-released in 1988), Skid Row's "I Remember You" (1989), Alias's "More Than Words Can Say" (1990), Damn Yankees's "High Enough" (1990), Cinderella's "Don't Know What You Got (Till It's Gone)" (1988) and "Nobody's Fool" (1986), Bon Jovi's "I'll Be There for You" (1988), "Never Say Goodbye" (1987), "Bed of Roses" (1992) and "Always" (1994), Bad English's "When I See You Smile" (1989), Warrant's "Heaven" (1989), Cheap Trick's "The Flame" (1988), Tesla's "Love Song" (1989), FireHouse's "Love of a Lifetime" (1991) and Guns N' Roses's "November Rain" (1991) and "Don't Cry" (1991).

Journey's power ballad, "Faithfully", a late addition to the group's Frontiers album, inspired Prince, who obtained the blessing of Journey's singer/songwriter Jonathan Cain, before releasing what was to become Prince's signature song, "Purple Rain". [57] Other power ballads include American nu metal band Slipknot's song "Snuff", heavy metal band Metallica's "Fade to Black", "The Unforgiven" and "Nothing Else Matters" and supergroup Velvet Revolver's song "Fall to Pieces".[ citation needed ]

Post-grunge ballads

During the mid to late 1990s and early to mid 2000s a new form of rock ballad would appear, this time using post-grunge as the genre rather than hard rock, heavy metal and less often glam metal. A notable post-grunge ballad would be Bush's "Glycerine" from their debut album Sixteen Stone . What makes the ballad stand out of sorts from the other post-grunge ballads is that it features a cello.[ citation needed ] Another noted post-grunge ballad would be Creed's "With Arms Wide Open" from their album Human Clay in which the synthesizer is occasionally used.[ citation needed ]

It is also not unusual for a post-grunge ballad to chart on the Adult Contemporary chart in addition to the rock charts. A great example of an artist having multiple post-grunge songs played on AC stations would be Nickelback. [58]

Latin ballad

Luis Miguel in Mexico City. Luismiguelcomplices2.jpg
Luis Miguel in Mexico City.

Latin ballad refers to the ballad derived from bolero that originated in the early-1960s in Latin America and Spain. Some of the best known artists of the Latin ballad are Julio Iglesias, Luis Miguel, Camilo Sesto, Emmanuel, Nino Bravo, Roberto Carlos, Ricardo Montaner, Raphael and José José among others. Because of its difficulty, the Latin balladeers are often recognized as skilled singers such as the case of Nino Bravo, José José, Luis Miguel or Raphael. [59]

One of the most well-known Latin ballad singers of the 1970s and 1980s was José José. Known as "El Principe de La Cancion" (The Prince of the Song), he is recognizable for his gifted vocals. José José has sold over 40 million albums in his career and became a huge influence to very popular ballad singers like: Cristian Castro, Alejandro Fernández, Nelson Ned, Manuel Mijares and Lupita D'Alessio. [60] The most successful Latin ballad singer of the 1990s was Luis Miguel. Best known for his technically skilled and smooth crooning vocals, Luis Miguel's super-stardom began since the late 1980s. In 1991, his career went to even greater heights and earned him the respect of a wider audience with the release of Romance , an album of romantic boleros. Most of them were from the 1940s and 1950s. Despite singing boleros from years past, Luis Miguel was recognized for reinventing the bolero for modern audiences. The album Romance, which became his most successful album ever, eventually sold 15 million units worldwide.[ citation needed ]

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 J. M. Curtis, Rock Eras: Interpretations of Music and Society, 1954-1984 (Popular Press, 1987), p. 236.
  2. Bronson, B., H. (1969). The Ballad as Song. Los Angeles: University of California Press
  3. Ord, J. (1990). Bothy Songs and Ballads. Edinburgh: John Donald.
  4. "Pop Music - What Is Pop Music - A Definition and Brief History". Top40.about.com. September 7, 2012. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  5. P. Buckley, The Rough Guide to Rock (Rough Guides, 3rd edn., 2003), p. 378.
  6. Witmer. See also Middleton (I,4,i).
  7. W. Apel, Harvard Dictionary of Music (Harvard, 1944; 2nd edn., 1972), p. 70.
  8. A. Jacobs, A Short History of Western Music (1972, Penguin, 1976), p. 21.
  9. W. Apel, Harvard Dictionary of Music (1944, Harvard, 1972), pp. 70-72.
  10. 1 2 J. E. Housman, British Popular Ballads (1952, London: Ayer Publishing, 1969), p. 15.
  11. A. Jacobs, A Short History of Western Music (Penguin 1972, 1976), p. 20.
  12. 1 2 A. N. Bold, The Ballad (Routledge, 1979), p. 5.
  13. B. Sweers, Electric Folk: The Changing Face of English Traditional Music (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), p. 45.
  14. "'After the Ball': Lyrics from the Biggest Hit of the 1890s", History Matters
  15. Smith, Kathleen E. R. (2003). God Bless America: Tin Pan Alley Goes to War. The University Press of Kentucky. p. 91. ISBN   0813122562.
  16. "Popular Ballads", The Broadview Anthology of British Literature: The Restoration and the Eighteenth Century, p. 610.
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  20. Child, F., J. (1898). The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co
  21. Temperley (II,2).
  22. 1 2 N. Cohen, Folk Music: a Regional Exploration (Greenwood, 2005), p. 297.
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  26. Soft Rock. "Soft Rock : Significant Albums, Artists and Songs, Most Viewed". AllMusic. Retrieved January 9, 2013.
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  35. Ruhlmann, William. "Phil Collins Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  36. "All-4-One Album & Song Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  37. 1 2 "Mariah Carey Music News & Info". Billboard. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  38. Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of Number One Adult Contemporary Hits. New York City: Billboard Books. ISBN   978-0-823-07693-2.
  39. Whitburn, Joel (2007). Billboard Top Adult Songs 1961-2006 (Record Research Inc.), page 373.
  40. "AMERICA'S MUSIC CHARTS -- 1 2 . 2 7 . 1 6 -- powered by MEDIABASE".
  41. Has 'Indie' Become 'Adult Contemporary'? : The Record. NPR. Retrieved on September 29, 2013.
  42. Kelley, Frannie (October 26, 2011). "Has 'Indie' Become 'Adult Contemporary'? : The Record". NPR. Retrieved October 3, 2012.
  43. D. Randel, The New Harvard Dictionary of Music, (Cambridge MS: Harvard University Press, 1986) ISBN   0-674-61525-5, p. 68.
  44. Buchan, D. (1972). The Ballad and the Folk. East Linton: Tuckwell Press
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  48. Trust, Gary (September 13, 2011). "Is Adele's 'Someone Like You' The First No. 1 Piano-And-Vocal-Only Ballad?". Billboard . Prometheus Global Media . Retrieved January 16, 2012.
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  51. "Rock Concert Question: Are Lighter Salutes Bad for the Environment?" Live Science , July 15, 2006.
  52. 1 2 S. Frith, "Pop Music" in S. Frith, W. Straw and J. Street, The Cambridge Companion to Pop and Rock (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press), pp. 100-1.
  53. 1 2 Aaron, Charles (2002). "Don't Fight the Power". In Jonathan Lethem, Paul Bresnick (eds.). Da Capo Best Music Writing 2002: The Year's Finest Writing on Rock, Pop, Jazz, Country, and More. Da Capo Press . p. 132. ISBN   978-0-306-81166-1.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
  54. Perrone, Pierre (August 2, 2010). "Tony Peluso: Guitarist whose solos on The Carpenters' 'Goodbye to Love' ushered in the power-ballad era". The Independent . Retrieved February 4, 2013.
  55. P. Buckley, The Rough Guide to Rock: the definitive guide to more than 1200 artists and bands (Rough Guides, 2003)
  56. H. George-Warren, P. Romanowski and J. Pareles, The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (Fireside, 3rd edn., 2001), p. 1060.
  57. Graf, Gary Graff (April 26, 2016). "Why Prince asked for Journey's Blessing Before Releasing 'Purple Rain'". Billboard.
  58. "Nickelback". billboard.com. Billboard. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  59. Jose Jose - El Triste en vivo 1970 (in Spanish). YouTube. March 8, 2011. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  60. "José José "Esta es mi Vida" LANZAMIENTO". Famaweb.com. Archived from the original on 2014-03-19. Retrieved 2014-06-05.Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

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Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements. It is typified by a heavy use of aggressive vocals, distorted electric guitars, bass guitar, drums, and often accompanied with keyboards.

Easy listening is a popular music genre and radio format that was most popular during the 1950s to 1970s. It is related to middle-of-the-road (MOR) music and encompasses instrumental recordings of standards, hit songs and popular non-rock vocals. It mostly concentrates on music that pre-dates the rock n' roll era, mostly concentrating on music from the 1940s and before. It was differentiated from the mostly instrumental beautiful music format by its variety of styles, including a percentage of vocals, arrangements and tempos to fit various day parts during the broadcast day.

Glam metal is a subgenre of heavy metal, which features pop-influenced hooks and guitar riffs, and borrows from the fashion of 1970s glam rock.

Popular music in the 1990s saw the continuation of teen pop and dance-pop trends which had emerged in the 1970s and 1980s. Furthermore, hip hop grew and continued to be highly successful in the decade, with the continuation of the genre's golden age. Aside from rap, reggae, contemporary R&B and urban music in general remained extremely popular throughout the decade; urban music in the late-1980s and 1990s often blended with styles such as soul, funk and jazz, resulting in fusion genres such as new jack swing, neo-soul, hip hop soul and g-funk which were popular.

Soft rock is a derivative form of pop rock that originated in the late 1960s in the U.S. region of Southern California and the United Kingdom. The style smoothed over the edges of singer-songwriter and pop rock, relying on simple, melodic songs with big, lush productions. Soft rock was prevalent on the radio throughout the 1970s and eventually metamorphosed into the synthesized music of adult contemporary in the 1980s.

Post-grunge is a rock music subgenre that emerged in the 1990s. Originally, the term was used almost pejoratively to label bands such as Bush, Candlebox and Collective Soul that emulated the original sound of grunge.

<i>Falling into You</i> 1996 studio album by Celine Dion

Falling into You is the fourth English-language studio album by Canadian singer Celine Dion, released on 11 March 1996 by Columbia/Epic Records. The follow-up to her commercially successful album The Colour of My Love (1993) and French-language D'eux (1995), Falling into You showed a further progression of Dion's music. Throughout the project, she collaborated with Jim Steinman, who wrote and produced "It's All Coming Back to Me Now", among others. Several songs were produced by David Foster, including Diane Warren's "Because You Loved Me". Generally, Dion worked with fourteen producers on Falling into You and a variety of songwriters and musicians.

The Adult Contemporary chart is published weekly by Billboard magazine and lists the most popular songs on adult contemporary radio stations in the United States. The chart is compiled based on airplay data submitted to Billboard by stations that are members of the Adult Contemporary radio panel. The chart debuted in Billboard magazine on July 17, 1961. Over the years, the chart has gone under a series of name changes, being called Easy Listening(1961–1962; 1965–1979), Middle-Road Singles(1962–1964), Pop-Standard Singles(1964–1965), Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks(1979–1982) and Adult Contemporary(1983–present).

Latin pop is a pop music genre that contains sounds or influence from Latin America, but it may also refer to pop music from anywhere in the Spanish-speaking world. Latin pop usually combines upbeat Latin music with American pop music. Latin pop is commonly associated with Spanish-language pop, rock, and dance music.

Keep On Loving You (song) 1980 single by REO Speedwagon

"Keep On Loving You" is a soft rock power ballad written by Kevin Cronin and performed by American rock band REO Speedwagon. It features the lead guitar work of Gary Richrath. The song first appeared on REO Speedwagon's 1980 album Hi Infidelity. It was the first REO Speedwagon single to break the top 50 on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100, reaching the number-one spot for one week in March 1981. The single was certified Platinum for U.S. sales of over one million copies. It peaked at number seven in the UK Singles Chart. "Keep On Loving You" has been a mainstay on 1980s soft rock compilations and has appeared on dozens of 'various artists' compilation albums, as well as several REO Speedwagon greatest hits albums.

Mexican pop is a music genre produced in Mexico, particularly intended for teenagers and young adults.

<i>Romance</i> (Luis Miguel album) 1991 studio album by Luis Miguel

Romance is the eighth studio album by Mexican singer Luis Miguel. It was released by WEA Latina on 19 November 1991. Although the production was originally intended as another collaboration with Juan Carlos Calderón, that plan was scrapped when Calderón was unable to compose songs for the album. Facing a new-material deadline in his recording contract, at his manager's suggestion Miguel chose bolero music for his next project. Mexican singer-songwriter Armando Manzanero was hired by WEA Latina to co-produce the album with Miguel. Recording began in August 1991 at Ocean Way Recording in Hollywood, California, with Bebu Silvetti the arranger.

O'Bryan McCoy Burnette II, known by his stage name O’Bryan, is an American musician, singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.

This article includes an overview of the major events and trends in popular music in the 1970s.

I Could Fall in Love single

"I Could Fall in Love" is a song recorded by American Tejano singer Selena for her fifth studio album, Dreaming of You (1995), released posthumously by EMI Latin on 26 June 1995. "I Could Fall in Love" and "Tú Sólo Tú" were the album's lead promotional recordings, showcasing her musical transition from Spanish- to English-language songs. The lyrics explore feelings of heartbreak and despair and express the singer's fear of rejection by a man she finds herself falling in love with. Composed by Keith Thomas, "I Could Fall in Love" is a pop ballad with R&B, soul and soft rock influences.

Adult contemporary music Radio format and music genre

In North American music, adult contemporary music (AC) is a form of radio-played popular music, ranging from 1960s vocal and 1970s soft rock music to predominantly ballad-heavy music of the present day, with varying degrees of easy listening, pop, soul, rhythm and blues, quiet storm, and rock influence. Adult contemporary is rather a continuation of the easy listening and soft rock style that became popular in the 1960s and 1970s with some adjustments that reflect the evolution of pop/rock music.

My Boy single by Elvis Presley

"My Boy" is the title of a popular song from the early 1970s. The music was composed by Jean-Pierre Bourtayre and Claude François, and the lyrics were translated from the original version "Parce que je t'aime, mon enfant" into English by Phil Coulter and Bill Martin.

<i>Boleto de Entrada</i> 2009 studio album by Kany GarcĂ­a

Boleto De Entrada, is the second studio album of Latin Grammy winner, singer-songwriter Kany García. It reached the top 10 of the album charts in both the United States Latin charts and #1 in Puerto Rico. The album was released on September 22, 2009, and produced by García and Andrés Castro, Sony BMG. On September 8, 2010, Boleto De Entrada received a nomination for the 2010 Latin Grammy Awards in the category of "Best Female Pop Vocal Album". This was García's second nomination in this category, she previously won in this category in 2008. Boleto De Entrada was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Latin Pop Album.

"Talking to the Moon" is a song by American singer-songwriter Bruno Mars from his debut studio album, Doo-Wops & Hooligans (2010). The song was first unveiled on Mars' debut extended play, It's Better If You Don't Understand (2010), as its last track. It was written by Bruno Mars, Philip Lawrence, Ari Levine, Albert Winkler, and Jeff Bhasker, while production was handled by The Smeezingtons in collaboration with Bhasker. "Talking to the Moon" serves as the record's sixth track, and is R&B power ballad about a failed relationship, solitude, and sadness. Instrumentally, the track relies on drum percussion and piano.

Cowboy pop is a term that was first coined by American music journalist J. D. Considine in his review of Rubber Rodeo's 1984 album Scenic Views. Although the term was coined in the 1980s, its usage since that time has been varied. In the late 2010s, the term began to be used to describe country-influenced indie rock and indie pop bands.