Watertown, South Dakota

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Watertown, South Dakota
Redlin Art Center.jpg
Intersection of Interstate 29 and Highway 212: The Redlin Art Center
Nickname(s): 
South Dakota's Rising Star
Codington County South Dakota Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Watertown Highlighted.svg
Location in Codington County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°54′12″N97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056 Coordinates: 44°54′12″N97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Codington
Founded1879 [1]
Incorporated1885 [2]
Government
  Type Mayor–council
  BodyWatertown City Council
   Mayor Sarah Caron [3]
Area
[4]
   City 25.04 sq mi (64.85 km2)
  Land17.45 sq mi (45.20 km2)
  Water7.59 sq mi (19.66 km2)
Elevation
1,732 ft (528 m)
Population
 (2010) [5]
   City 21,482
  Estimate 
(2018) [6]
22,153
  Density1,231.1/sq mi (475.3/km2)
   Metro
28,099 (US: 443th)
Time zone UTC−6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP code
57201
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-69300
GNIS feature ID1258841 [7]
Website Watertown

Watertown is a city in and the county seat of Codington County, South Dakota, United States. [8] Watertown is home to the Redlin Art Center which houses many of the original art works produced by Terry Redlin, one of America's most popular wildlife artists. Watertown is located between Pelican Lake and Lake Kampeska, from which Redlin derived inspiration for his artwork.

A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, China, Romania, Taiwan and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, and historically in Jamaica.

Codington County, South Dakota County in the United States

Codington County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 27,227. Its county seat is Watertown. The county was created in 1877 and organized in 1878. It is named for Rev. George S. S. Codington, Dakota Territory legislator.

South Dakota U.S. state in the United States

South Dakota is a U.S. state in the Midwestern region of the United States. It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and historically dominated the territory. South Dakota is the seventeenth largest by area, but the fifth smallest by population and the 5th least densely populated of the 50 United States. As the southern part of the former Dakota Territory, South Dakota became a state on November 2, 1889, simultaneously with North Dakota. Pierre is the state capital and Sioux Falls, with a population of about 187,200, is South Dakota's largest city.

Contents

The population was 21,482 at the 2010 census. It is the fifth largest city in South Dakota. It is also the principal city of the Watertown Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Codington and Hamlin counties. Watertown also is home to the Bramble Park Zoo. Watertown's residential real estate is considered the most expensive in South Dakota for cities of its size; the median price for a home in Watertown is around $200,000. [9]

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Hamlin County, South Dakota County in the United States

Hamlin County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 5,903. Its county seat is Hayti. The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1878. It was named for Hannibal Hamlin, Lincoln's first vice-president.

Bramble Park Zoo zoo in Watertown, South Dakota

Bramble Park Zoo is located in Watertown, South Dakota. Open since 1912, the zoo comprises 15 acres (6.1 ha) with approximately 500 animals representing 130 different species.

Geography

Watertown is located at 44°54′12″N97°7′14″W / 44.90333°N 97.12056°W / 44.90333; -97.12056 (44.903433, -97.120437), [10] along the Big Sioux River. [11]

Big Sioux River river in the United States of America

The Big Sioux River is a tributary of the Missouri River, 419 miles (674 km) long, in eastern South Dakota and northwestern Iowa in the United States. The United States Board on Geographic Names settled on "Big Sioux River" as the stream's name in 1931. The river was named after the Lakota people.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.04 square miles (64.85 km2), of which, 17.45 square miles (45.20 km2) is land and 7.59 square miles (19.66 km2) is water. [4] Watertown sits on the Big Sioux River and two major lakes, Pelican Lake and Lake Kampeska. Most of Watertown also sits upon a short plateau. Elevation at Watertown Regional Airport is 1,745 feet.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

Pelican Lake is a natural lake in South Dakota, in the United States. The north-east shore of the lake is part of Watertown, South Dakota.

Lake Kampeska An inland clear lake in the U.S. state of South Dakota.

Lake Kampeska is a 5,250-acre (21 km2) inland glacial lake in the U.S. state of South Dakota. It is located west-northwest of Watertown, South Dakota and lies entirely within Codington County and the Coteau des Prairies. The lake is naturally shaped and the most urban developed lake in South Dakota with approximately 13.5 miles (20 km) of residential shoreline. Lake Kampeska is connected to the Big Sioux River through a single inlet-outlet channel located on the northeast side. It is the third largest natural lake within the borders of South Dakota.

Watertown has been assigned the ZIP code 57201 and the FIPS place code 69300.

History

An 1883 bird's eye illustration of Watertown Watertown, SD 1883.jpg
An 1883 bird's eye illustration of Watertown

Watertown was founded in 1879 as a rail terminus when the Chicago & Northwestern Railroad reactivated part of a line it had constructed to Lake Kampeska. [1] [12] Despite the prominence of rivers and lakes in the area, the city was named after Watertown, New York, the hometown of brothers John E. Kemp and Oscar P. Kemp, two of the city's founders. The town's name was originally planned to be named Kampeska. [1]

During the 1880s, Watertown prospered as a transportation hub after the railroads had been extended farther west. Along with several other cities, Watertown had been a candidate as capital of the new state of South Dakota, [1] although it lost out to the more centrally located Pierre. The city's current newspaper, the Watertown Public Opinion , began publishing in 1887. [1]

In the mid-20th century, Interstate 29 was constructed through eastern South Dakota. [13] The route included a slight bend to bring the interstate closer to Watertown. [13] The interstate's construction has been a major economic benefit to the larger communities along its route, including Watertown. [13]

Climate

In the last decades the climate is configured as hot-summer humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfa), although it had a warm-summer previously (Dfb). Although it is a humid city it is relatively dry for its climatic category, due to its position in the Great Plains, which still provides an even greater thermal amplitude, especially in the higher values. [14]

Climate data for Watertown (Watertown Regional Airport), elevation: 533 m or 1,749 ft, 1893-2012 normals and extremes
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)65
(18)
66
(19)
82
(28)
95
(35)
106
(41)
107
(42)
110
(43)
105
(41)
104
(40)
91
(33)
77
(25)
69
(21)
110
(43)
Mean maximum °F (°C)41.9
(5.5)
46.3
(7.9)
62.3
(16.8)
78.6
(25.9)
86.6
(30.3)
91.8
(33.2)
95.9
(35.5)
94.6
(34.8)
90.0
(32.2)
79.7
(26.5)
62.7
(17.1)
46.3
(7.9)
97.9
(36.6)
Average high °F (°C)21.0
(−6.1)
25.5
(−3.6)
38.3
(3.5)
55.3
(12.9)
67.8
(19.9)
77.1
(25.1)
83.4
(28.6)
81.6
(27.6)
71.7
(22.1)
58.6
(14.8)
40.2
(4.6)
26.1
(−3.3)
53.9
(12.2)
Average low °F (°C)0.6
(−17.4)
4.8
(−15.1)
18.2
(−7.7)
31.8
(−0.1)
43.4
(6.3)
53.7
(12.1)
58.6
(14.8)
56.3
(13.5)
46.6
(8.1)
34.8
(1.6)
20.4
(−6.4)
7.3
(−13.7)
31.4
(−0.3)
Mean minimum °F (°C)−23.1
(−30.6)
−19.4
(−28.6)
−5.9
(−21.1)
14.9
(−9.5)
27.2
(−2.7)
39.3
(4.1)
45.8
(7.7)
42.4
(5.8)
29.4
(−1.4)
18.1
(−7.7)
0.1
(−17.7)
−16.0
(−26.7)
−26.5
(−32.5)
Record low °F (°C)−40
(−40)
−38
(−39)
−27
(−33)
−10
(−23)
16
(−9)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
32
(0)
9
(−13)
−2
(−19)
−20
(−29)
−37
(−38)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.55
(14)
0.59
(15)
1.05
(27)
2.09
(53)
2.86
(73)
3.69
(94)
2.88
(73)
2.28
(58)
2.05
(52)
1.54
(39)
0.78
(20)
0.51
(13)
20.87
(531)
Average snowfall inches (cm)5
(13)
7
(18)
6
(15)
3
(7.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(5.1)
5
(13)
7
(18)
35
(89.7)
Average precipitation days5.35.47.48.510.911.29.78.08.37.15.96.193.8
Average rainy days1.91.84.68.412.011.110.18.79.17.63.41.780.4
Average snowy days13.811.88.84.20.20.00.00.00.02.38.513.362.9
Source: WRCC [15] , pogodaiklimat.ru [16] , Weatherbase [17] and USclimatedata.com [18]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 746
1890 2,672258.2%
1900 3,35225.4%
1910 7,010109.1%
1920 9,40034.1%
1930 10,2148.7%
1940 10,6173.9%
1950 12,69919.6%
1960 14,07710.9%
1970 13,388−4.9%
1980 15,64916.9%
1990 17,59212.4%
2000 20,23715.0%
2010 21,4826.2%
Est. 201822,153 [6] 3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [19]
2017 Estimate [20]

The per capita income for the city was $18,994. About 5.7% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over. [21]

2010 census

As of the census [5] of 2010, there were 21,482 people, 9,278 households, and 5,563 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.1 inhabitants per square mile (475.3/km2). There were 10,050 housing units at an average density of 575.9 per square mile (222.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 0.4% African American, 2.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 9,278 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.0% were non-families. 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 36.6 years. 24.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.9% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 15.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 census

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,237 people, 8,385 households, and 5,290 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,328.9 people per square mile (513.0/km²). There were 9,193 housing units at an average density of 603.7 per square mile (233.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.25% White, 0.14% African American, 1.65% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population. 47.1% were of German, 19.8% Norwegian and 5.9% Irish ancestry. 96.5% spoke English, 1.7% Spanish and 1.1% German as their first language.

There were 8,385 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.6% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city, the population was spread out with 25.9% under the age of 18, 11.3% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 19.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.

Education

Watertown has two institutions providing post-secondary education. Lake Area Technical Institute is a public technical school classified as a community college, offering degrees in areas such as Agriculture, Nursing, and Welding. There is also a satellite campus of Mount Marty College, [22] a private Catholic school based in Yankton, South Dakota.

Lake Area Technical Institute received the 2017 Aspen Prize for Community College Excellence, following three previous Finalist-With-Distinction honors in 2011, 2013, and 2015 (bi-annual competition/selection process). The Prize was awarded by the Aspen Institute in March 2017 in Washington, D.C. following an intense data collection process by Aspen officials that included a rigorous review of critical elements of student success including learning, completion, and employment after college.

Watertown has one public high school, Watertown High School, and one private boarding school, Great Plains Lutheran High School, of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod. [23]

Watertown Middle School (7th and 8th grades) is the only public middle school in Watertown. Construction of the Middle School was completed in August 2015. The community’s “Prairie Lakes Wellness Center”, opened in 2017, is adjacent to the Middle School. When the Middle School opened in 2015, the prior middle school was completely renovated and became the Intermediate School (5th and 6th grades).

There are multiple elementary schools in Watertown. The five public elementary schools include: Lincoln Elementary, Jefferson Elementary, Roosevelt Elementary, McKinnely Elementary, and Mellette Elementary. Immaculate Conception School is a private Catholic elementary school. St. Martin's Lutheran School is a private Lutheran elementary school of the WELS. Watertown Christian School is a private non-denominational Christian elementary school.

The Watertown Regional Library is the town's main library, located on 6th St. NE, and open every day of the week.

Harmony Hill High School was a catholic girls boarding school in Watertown from 1967 to 1974.

Points of interest

Sailboat on Lake Kampeska circa 1900. Sailboat on Kampeska circa 1900.png
Sailboat on Lake Kampeska circa 1900.

Local media

Television

Channel
(Digital)
Callsign NetworkOwnerWeb site
3.1 KDLO-DT
(Satellite of KELO)
CBS Nexstar Media Group www.keloland.com
3.2 KDLO-DT
(Satellite of KELO)
MyNetworkTV Nexstar Media Group www.keloland.com
7.1 K32DK-D
(Translator of KTTW)
Fox Independent Communications www.kttw.com
7.2 K32DK-D
(Translator of KTTW)
This TV Independent Communications www.kttw.com
46.1 K42FI-D
(Translator of KDLT)
NBC Red River Broadcasting www.kdlt.com
46.2 K42FI-D
(Translator of KDLT)
Antenna TV Red River Broadcasting www.kdlt.com

AM radio

AM radio stations
FrequencyCall signNameFormatOwnerCity
950 AM KWAT News/Talk - Agriculture - Sports Radio Alpha Media Watertown
1480 AM KSDR The Talk of Watertown News/Talk Alpha Media Watertown

FM radio

FM radio stations
FrequencyCall signNameFormatOwnerTarget city/market City of license
89.1 FM KPGT Religious Church Planters of AmericaWatertownWatertown
90.1 FM K211EC Christian
WJFM-FM translator
Jimmy Swaggart MinistriesWatertownWatertown
90.3 FM KJSD South Dakota Public Broadcasting NPR South Dakota Bureau of Information and TelecommunicationWatertownWatertown
91.9 FM K220IT KNWC-FM Contemporary Christian University of Northwestern - St. Paul WatertownWatertown
92.9 FM KSDR-FM KS93 Hot Country Alpha Media WatertownWatertown
96.1 FM KIXX Kicks 96 Hot AC Alpha Media WatertownWatertown
96.9 FM KDLO-FM Big Country 96.9 Country Alpha Media WatertownWatertown
99.1 FM KXLG Soft Adult Contemporary, News/Talk TMRG Broadcasting, LLCWatertownMilbank
103.5 FM K278BK Christian Radio VCY America WatertownWatertown
104.3 FM KKSD Hippie Radio Classic Hits Alpha Media WatertownMilbank
106.3 FM KPHR Power 106.3 Classic Rock Armada MediaWatertownOrtonville

Transportation

Watertown also has one airport, Watertown Regional Airport, served by one commercial airline, and local bus service provided by the Watertown Area Transit Corporation.

Notable people

Notable visitors

Former President Barack Obama has visited the city twice, first in 2008 during his presidential campaign, and again on May 8, 2015, to address the graduating class of 2015 from Lake Area Technical Institute.

Major employers

EmployerSectorNumber of EmployeesAs ofNotes
Watertown School DistrictEducation910 [24] 2016 November
Terex Utilities Manufacturing567 [25] 2017 May
Prairie Lakes Health SystemHealthcare547 [24] 2016 November
Hy-Vee Retail485 [24] 2016 NovemberMostly part-time
Premier Bankcard Lending380 [24] 2016 November
City of WatertownGovernment336 [24] 2016 November
Worthington Industries Manufacturing320 [24] 2016 November
Walmart Retail300 (approx.)2017 July
OEM Worldwide/SpartonManufacturing272 [25] 2017 May
Jenkins Living CenterHealthcare270 [25] 2017 May
Dakota BodiesManufacturing247 [24] 2016 November
Dakota Sioux CasinoEntertainment215 [24] 2016 November
Lake Area Technical Institute Education211 [26] 2017 May
Target Retail852017 July

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Bibliography