The Waverley Amateur Radio Society (WARS) is an amateur radio society based in Rose Bay, a suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia which operates under the call sign VK2BV.The society was founded in 1919 and is the oldest continuously licensed amateur radio club in Australia.
Amateur radio, also known as ham radio, describes the use of radio frequency spectrum for purposes of non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, private recreation, radiosport, contesting, and emergency communication. The term "amateur" is used to specify "a duly authorised person interested in radioelectric practice with a purely personal aim and without pecuniary interest;" and to differentiate it from commercial broadcasting, public safety, or professional two-way radio services.
Rose Bay is a harbourside, eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Rose Bay is located seven kilometres east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government areas of Waverley Council and Municipality of Woollahra.
Sydney is the state capital of New South Wales and the most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Located on Australia's east coast, the metropolis surrounds Port Jackson and extends about 70 km (43.5 mi) on its periphery towards the Blue Mountains to the west, Hawkesbury to the north, the Royal National Park to the south and Macarthur to the south-west. Sydney is made up of 658 suburbs, 40 local government areas and 15 contiguous regions. Residents of the city are known as "Sydneysiders". As of June 2017, Sydney's estimated metropolitan population was 5,230,330 and is home to approximately 65% of the state's population.
|Purpose||Advocacy, Education, Social Group|
|Headquarters||Rose Bay Scout Hall, Vickery Avenue, Rose Bay, NSW 2029.|
|Affiliations||Wireless Institute of Australia|
|Remarks||The society operates under the call sign VK2BV|
|Waverley Radio Club|
The Waverley Radio Club was founded on 27 January 1919 by a group of 17 radio experimenters and enthusiasts living in the Waverley area and allocated license number N249 by the navy department. In 1922, when the Postmaster-General's Department took over licensing, the club call letters (as they were then known) were changed to 2BV and in 1929 national prefixes were adopted so becoming the call sign VK2BV.
Waverley is an eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Waverley is located 7 kilometres east of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of Waverley Council.
In Australia, the Postmaster-General's Department (PMG) was an Australian Government department, established at Australia's Federation in 1901, whose responsibilities included the provision of postal and telegraphic services throughout Australia. It was abolished in December 1975, and in its place two separate legal entities were established: Telecom and Australia Post.
In broadcasting and radio communications, a call sign is a unique designation for a transmitter station. In the United States of America, they are used for all FCC-licensed transmitters. A call sign can be formally assigned by a government agency, informally adopted by individuals or organizations, or even cryptographically encoded to disguise a station's identity.
Within a year of foundation, the club obtained its first licence for a one valve receiver and spark-gap transmitter on a wavelength of 200 meters.
A spark-gap transmitter is an obsolete type of radio transmitter which generates radio waves by means of an electric spark. Spark-gap transmitters were the first type of radio transmitter, and were the main type used during the wireless telegraphy or "spark" era, the first three decades of radio, from 1887 to the end of World War 1. German physicist Heinrich Hertz built the first experimental spark-gap transmitters in 1887, with which he discovered radio waves and studied their properties.
In physics, the wavelength is the spatial period of a periodic wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats. It is thus the inverse of the spatial frequency. Wavelength is usually determined by considering the distance between consecutive corresponding points of the same phase, such as crests, troughs, or zero crossings and is a characteristic of both traveling waves and standing waves, as well as other spatial wave patterns. Wavelength is commonly designated by the Greek letter lambda (λ). The term wavelength is also sometimes applied to modulated waves, and to the sinusoidal envelopes of modulated waves or waves formed by interference of several sinusoids.
Meetings until 1954 were held on Thursday evenings at the home of the club's first vice president, Mr Frank Geddes, at "Almont", 13 McPherson Street, Waverley. This was also the location of the club station.
In the mid-1970s, the club changed its name to the Waverley Amateur Radio Society.
The club became affiliated to the Wireless Institute of Australia in 1926 and has been so ever since.
The club owns and operates two amateur radio repeaters from a location in Paddington operating under the call sign VK2ROT. On the 2 metre band the repeater operates on 147.025 MHz FM output / 147.625 MHz input using a 91.5 Hz CTCSS tone while on 70 cm the repeater is assigned to 438.575 MHz FM output / 433.575 MHz input using a 91.5 Hz CTCSS tone. The 70 cm repeater works with both analogue and P25 transmissions and has access to Echolink and IRLP.
In telecommunications, a repeater is an electronic device that receives a signal and retransmits it. Repeaters are used to extend transmissions so that the signal can cover longer distances or be received on the other side of an obstruction.
Paddington is an inner-city eastern suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Located 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) east of the Sydney central business district, Paddington lies across two local government areas. The portion south of Oxford Street lies within the City of Sydney, while the portion north of Oxford Street lies within the Municipality of Woollahra. It is often colloquially referred to as "Paddo".
The club runs a 70cm D-STAR repeater located at Governor Philip Tower under the callsign VK2RBV. It operates on 438.775 MHz, offset -5 MHz, bandwidth 6.25 kHz and has coverage throughout the Sydney region.
D-STAR is a digital voice and data protocol specification for amateur radio. The system was developed in the late 1990s by the Japan Amateur Radio League and uses minimum-shift keying in its packet-based standard. There are other digital modes that have been adapted for use by amateurs, but D-STAR was the first that was designed specifically for amateur radio.
The repeater stack consists of an ICOM ID-RP4000V 70cm RF unit, an ICOM ID-RP2C repeater controller and Freestar control software running on a Beagleboard platform.
The club operates Echolink node 725953 linked to the 70 cm repeater.
The club operates IRLP node 6250 through the 70 cm repeater.
The club operates P25 digital mode (NAC 293) through the 70cm repeater.
The club operates an APRS iGate from the Rose Bay club house, call sign VK2BV-3, which services APRS traffic across the whole central Sydney region.
Society meetings are held at the clubhouse in the Rose Bay Scout Hall in Vickery Avenue on the third Wednesday of every month from 7.30 p.m and project days on the first Saturday of the month from 1:30 p.m.The Club radio net operates every Monday at 8:00pm on the Paddington 2 metre repeater.
The club organises the annual Sydney Amateur Radio Ferry Contest in March.This is a VHF / UHF contest which encourages participants to make contacts from Sydney Ferries or any of the 36 wharves around Sydney Harbour. Operation is open to any mode, either simplex or through repeater, using hand-held transceivers.
The club provides training and assessment services to the amateur radio community on behalf of the Wireless Institute of Australia and holds sessions on a quarterly basis.
The club offers a scholarship program for prospective Australian amateurs under 25 years of age.The scholarship covers tuition, examination, and first year license and club membership fees plus a free handheld radio.
In 2009, the club celebrated its 90th anniversary and the ACMA allocated the club a special event call sign, VI2BV90, for use over the period from 24 January to 1 February 2009.
This article is an overview of telecommunications in Malta.
The General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) is a land-mobile FM UHF radio service designed for short-distance two-way communication. It requires a license in the United States but some GMRS compatible equipment can be used license-free in Canada. The United States permits use by adult individuals who possesses a valid GMRS license, as well as their immediate family members. Immediate relatives of the GMRS system licensee are entitled to communicate among themselves for personal or business purposes, but employees of the licensee who are not family members are not covered by the license. Non-family members must be licensed separately.
The Wireless Institute of Australia (WIA) was formed in 1910, and is the first and oldest national amateur radio society in the world. It represents the amateur radio operators of Australia as the AR "peak body" in dealings with the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA), the authority under the government of Australia that administers communications within and external to Australia. The WIA publishes a bi-monthly journal for its membership called Amateur Radio. The organisation is the national society representing Australia in the International Amateur Radio Union.
The Internet Radio Linking Project, also called IRLP, is a closed-source project that links amateur radio stations around the world by using Voice over IP (VoIP). Each gateway consists of a dedicated computer running custom software that is connected to both a radio and the Internet. This arrangement forms what is known as an IRLP Node. Since all end users communicate using a radio as opposed to using a computer directly, IRLP has adopted the motto "Keeping the Radio in Amateur Radio".
Australian radio audiences have had virtually no exposure to pirate radio. There were no broadcasts as part of the World War II propaganda campaigns and commercial as well as community stations alongside the taxpayer funded Australian Broadcasting Corporation were available during the mid to late 1980s and early 1990s - a period when the UK was experiencing a surge in illegal broadcasts during the early days of acid house and the Second Summer of Love. The absence of pirate radio in Australia is primarily attributed to the relatively large number of commercial licences that were issued, particularly after World War 2, as well as the existence of public non-commercial broadcasting licenses supported mainly by listener subscription. Additionally, the lack of availability of imported broadcasting equipment and the likely application of severe, legislated penalties including jail for offenders, would also have been a factor.
EchoLink is a computer-based Amateur Radio system distributed free of charge that allows radio amateurs to communicate with other amateur radio operators using Voice over IP (VoIP) technology on the Internet for at least part of the path between them. It was designed by Jonathan Taylor, a radio amateur with call sign K1RFD.
A remote base station is a common name for an amateur radio auxiliary station that is controlled and operated from a remote location. Most remote base stations have similar features to any other Amateur radio station but can be controlled over a direct wired connection or the internet, or by radio.
UHF CB is a class-licensed citizen's band radio service authorised by the governments of Australia, New Zealand, Vanuatu, and Malaysia in the UHF 477 MHz band. UHF CB provides 77 channels, including 32 channels allocated to repeater stations. It is similar in concept to 27 MHz CB Radio in the United States, Australia, and New Zealand.
Amateur radio frequency allocation is done by national telecommunication authorities. Globally, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) oversees how much radio spectrum is set aside for amateur radio transmissions. Individual amateur stations are free to use any frequency within authorized frequency ranges; authorized bands may vary by the class of the station license.
South Jersey Radio Association (SJRA) is an amateur radio organization. First organized June 12, 1916 and affiliated with the American Radio Relay League since 1920, SJRA lays claim to be the oldest "continuously" operating amateur radio club in the United States. SJRA operates the K2AA 2 Meter communications Repeater on 145.290 MHz, which is located in Medford, NJ and covers the metro Philadelphia, PA area. SJRA also operates the K2UK Repeater in Pine Hill, NJ on 146.865 mHz 2 meters and 442.350 mHz 70 cm Band. The SJRA publishes a monthly newsletter called Harmonics and has been doing so for over 50 years. The SJRA has been affiliated with the American Radio Relay League since 1920.
An amateur radio repeater is an electronic device that receives a weak or low-level amateur radio signal and retransmits it at a higher level or higher power, so that the signal can cover longer distances without degradation. Many repeaters are located on hilltops or on tall buildings as the higher location increases their coverage area, sometimes referred to as the radio horizon, or "footprint". Amateur radio repeaters are similar in concept to those used by public safety entities, businesses, government, military, and more. Amateur radio repeaters may even use commercially packaged repeater systems that have been adjusted to operate within amateur radio frequency bands, but more often amateur repeaters are assembled from receivers, transmitters, controllers, power supplies, antennas, and other components, from various sources.
The Trinidad and Tobago Amateur Radio Society, Inc. (TTARS) is the national amateur radio organization in the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. It is a member society of the International Amateur Radio Union (IARU).
SYD01 is a UHF Citizens Band (CB) repeater located in Hurstville, a suburb of Sydney, NSW, Australia. It was owned and operated for 10 years by long-time controversial CB operator and enthusiast, Jason Daniels, who is also known as JD. JD's voice could originally be heard on the SYD01 voice identification and call sign announcement every 10 minutes. There was also a "quack" sound on the dekey tail. The "Quack" was known as "Chuck The Duck".
Call signs in Australia are allocated by the Australian Communications and Media Authority and are unique for each broadcast station. The use of callsigns on-air in both radio and television in Australia is optional, so many stations used other on-air identifications. Australian broadcast stations officially have the prefix VL- and originally all callsigns used that format, but since Australia has no nearby neighbours, this prefix is no longer used except in an international context.
Indiana University Amateur Radio Club or K9IU is the amateur radio club at Indiana University, Bloomington. The club is involved in a wide range of amateur radio activities, including contesting and local community service.
Heartland REACT is a chapter of REACT International based in Omaha, Nebraska. It was founded in 1969 and incorporated as a Non-Profit Organization in 1972 to provide communications as a public service in the event of emergency and non-emergency events around the Omaha metro area.
The Manly-Warringah Radio Society (MWRS) is an Amateur Radio enthusiast group serving the Northern Beaches and North Shore areas of Sydney, Australia. Operating under the call sign VK2MB the society boasts members from a wide range of backgrounds, with members ranging from retirees to school children.
RFinder is a subscription-based website and mobile app. RFinder's main service is the World Wide Repeater Directory (WWRD), which is a directory of amateur radio repeaters. RFinder is the official repeater directory of several amateur radio associations. RFinder has listings for several amateur radio modes, including FM, D-STAR, DMR, and ATV.
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