List of National Historic Sites of Canada in Nova Scotia

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This is a list of National Historic Sites (French : Lieux historiques nationaux) in the province of Nova Scotia . As of April 2021, there were 91 National Historic Sites designated in Nova Scotia, 26 of which are administered by Parks Canada (identified below by the beaver icon Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png ). [1] [2]

Contents

Numerous National Historic Events also occurred across Nova Scotia, and are identified at places associated with them, using the same style of federal plaque which marks National Historic Sites. Several National Historic Persons are commemorated throughout the province in the same way. The markers do not indicate which designation—a Site, Event, or Person—a subject has been given.

This list uses names designated by the national Historic Sites and Monuments Board , which may differ from other names for these sites.

National Historic Sites

Site [1] Date(s)DesignatedLocationDescriptionImage
Acacia Grove / Prescott House [3] 1809 (completed)1969 Starr's Point
45°6′38″N64°22′44″W / 45.11056°N 64.37889°W / 45.11056; -64.37889 (Acacia Grove / Prescott House)
A house on an extensive property in the Annapolis Valley, built for horticulturalist Charles Ramage Prescott; a noted example of Georgian architecture in Canada PrescottHouse Front 2009.jpg
Admiralty House [4] 1819 (completed)1978 Halifax
44°39′34″N63°35′34″W / 44.65944°N 63.59278°W / 44.65944; -63.59278 (Admiralty House)
An austere two-storey stone mansion set within the Stadacona site of CFB Halifax which served as the home of Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Navy’s North American station from 1819 until 1904 Admiralty House Halifax.jpg
Africville [5] 1964 (relocation commenced)1996 Halifax
44°40′28″N63°37′7″W / 44.67444°N 63.61861°W / 44.67444; -63.61861 (Africville)
A Black Nova Scotian community cleared by the municipality in the 1960s in the name of urban renewal; the community was representative of Black settlements in the province and became an enduring symbol of the need for vigilance in defense of Black communities and institutions Africville and bridge.jpg
Akins House [6] 1815 (c.) (completed)1965 Halifax
44°39′12″N63°34′55″W / 44.65333°N 63.58194°W / 44.65333; -63.58194 (Akins House)
A one-and-a-half-storey wood-shingled house originally built for Thomas Beamish Akins, surviving virtually in its original condition; one of the few remaining early 19th-century houses in Halifax and one of the oldest houses in the city
Alexander Graham Bell Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [7] 1954 (museum completed)1952 Baddeck
46°6′10″N60°44′45″W / 46.10278°N 60.74583°W / 46.10278; -60.74583 (Alexander Graham Bell)
A museum containing Alexander Graham Bell memorabilia, located on a 10-hectare (25-acre) property overlooking Bras d'Or Lake and Bell's summer estate at Beinn Bhreagh Visitor Centre at the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site of Canada.JPG
Annapolis County Court House [8] 1837 (completed)1991 Annapolis Royal
44°44′31″N65°30′58″W / 44.74194°N 65.51611°W / 44.74194; -65.51611 (Annapolis County Court House)
One of the oldest court houses in Canada still in original use, and a noted example of Palladian architecture in this country Annapolis County Courthouse.jpg
Annapolis Royal Historic District [9] 1605 (established)1994 Annapolis Royal
44°44′30″N65°30′51″W / 44.74167°N 65.51417°W / 44.74167; -65.51417 (Annapolis Royal Historic District)
A historic core containing commercial, military, and residential buildings from the 18th to early 20th centuries, located at the centre of the original 17th-century Acadian settlement; the site of several pivotal events during the early years of the colonisation of Canada Port Royal, Nova Scotia - circa 1612 - Project Gutenberg etext 20110.jpg
Antigonish County Court House [10] 1855 (completed)1981 Antigonish
45°37′24″N61°59′16″W / 45.62333°N 61.98778°W / 45.62333; -61.98778 (Antigonish County Court House)
A wood-frame building with Greek Revival front facade and a stone jail attached at the rear; one of the best examples in Nova Scotia of mid-19th century Maritime court houses, which were typically simple frame buildings with classicized ornamental details
Argyle Township Court House and Jail [11] 1805 (completed)2005 Tusket
43°51′18″N65°58′28″W / 43.85500°N 65.97444°W / 43.85500; -65.97444 (Argyle Township Court House and Jail)
A two-storey wooden building constructed in the colonial meeting house style, now serving as a museum; the oldest known surviving combined court house and jail Argyle Township Court House and Gaol.jpg
Beaubassin Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [12] 1672 (established)2005 Fort Lawrence
45°50′54.58″N64°16′0.48″W / 45.8484944°N 64.2668000°W / 45.8484944; -64.2668000 (Beaubassin)
An archaeological site with remains from a major Acadian settlement that played a pivotal role in the 17th- and 18th-century struggle between the British and French for the region; the site also contains the Fort Lawrence NHS MonumentatBattleatChignecto.jpg
Bedford Petroglyphs [13] 1994 Halifax
44°43′47″N63°40′5″W / 44.72972°N 63.66806°W / 44.72972; -63.66806 (Bedford Petroglyphs)
Spiritually significant petroglyph site estimated to be 800-1,000 years old; located in Kejimkujik National Park, which has more than 500 Mi'kmaq petroglyphs itself
Beinn Bhreagh Hall 1892-93 (built)2018 Victoria County
46°05′43.3″N60°42′57.4″W / 46.095361°N 60.715944°W / 46.095361; -60.715944 (Beinn Bhreagh Hall)
Home of inventor Alexander Graham Bell and family, name means "Beautiful Mountain" in Scottish Gaelic; landscape, climate, and Scottish culture reminiscent of birthplace in Edinburgh and where Bell had his most accomplishments performed 20150615 Beinn Bhreagh 0036.JPG
Black-Binney House [14] 1819 (completed)1965 Halifax
44°38′38″N63°34′17″W / 44.64389°N 63.57139°W / 44.64389; -63.57139 (Black-Binney House)
A house reflective of the Palladian-inspired residences common during the late 18th and early 19th centuries in Eastern Canada; notable residents include John Black, James Boyle Uniacke and Hibbert Binney
Bloody Creek Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [15] 1711, 1757 (battles)1930 Bridgetown
44°49′20″N65°18′33″W / 44.82222°N 65.30917°W / 44.82222; -65.30917 (Bloody Creek)
Site of two battles, in 1711 and 1757, between British forces and allied French and aboriginal forces over control of Acadia; a cairn marks the site of the 1757 battle BloodyCreek1757 NS Monument.jpg
Canso Islands Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [16] 1700s (commencement of long-term European occupation)1925 Canso
45°20′39.65″N60°58′16.33″W / 45.3443472°N 60.9712028°W / 45.3443472; -60.9712028 (Canso Islands)
A group of islands which served as an important fishing base for the French in the 16th century and the British during the 18th century; the staging point for the 1745 expedition led by William Pepperrell and Peter Warren against Louisbourg
Cast Iron Façade / Coomb's Old English Shoe Store [17] 1860 (completed)1981 Halifax
44°38′59″N63°34′29″W / 44.64972°N 63.57472°W / 44.64972; -63.57472 (Cast Iron Façade / Coomb's Old English Shoe Store)
A mid-19th-century commercial building with a cast-iron facade; one of the first cast-iron-front structures in Canada and the only building in Halifax known to have a facade composed entirely of cast iron
Chapel Island [18] 2003 Chapel Island First Nation
45°43′0″N60°46′57″W / 45.71667°N 60.78250°W / 45.71667; -60.78250 (Chapel Island)
An island which for centuries has been an important gathering place, location for government and site of spiritual significance for the Mi'kmaq people Chapel Island wide.jpg
Chapman House [19] 1780 (completed)1968 Fort Lawrence
45°52′29″N64°14′46″W / 45.87472°N 64.24611°W / 45.87472; -64.24611 (Chapman House)
A two-storey, red-brick Georgian house; representative of prosperous 18th-century Maritimes farmhouses
Charles Fort Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [20] 1629 (established)1951 Annapolis Royal
44°44′26.88″N65°31′11.67″W / 44.7408000°N 65.5199083°W / 44.7408000; -65.5199083 (Charles Fort)
The site of William Alexander's former settlement, intended to establish the colony of "Nova Scotia"; occupied by Scottish colonists for 3 years, when the territory was restored to France
Covenanters' Church [21] 1811 (completed)1976 Grand-Pré
45°6′0″N64°18′18″W / 45.10000°N 64.30500°W / 45.10000; -64.30500 (Covenanters' Church)
A simple frame and rectangular Presbyterian church, representative of the 18th-century New England meeting house style; also a component of the Grand-Pré Rural Historic District NHS Covenanter Church, Grand Pre, Nova Sctia.jpg
D'Anville's Encampment Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [22] 1746 (encampment)1925 Halifax
44°40′28.98″N63°38′47.57″W / 44.6747167°N 63.6465472°W / 44.6747167; -63.6465472 (D'Anville's Encampment)
The site where Duc d’Anville's forces camped along the shore on a failed expedition from France to recover Acadia Ducd'AvilleMonumentHalifax,NovaScotia.jpg
Debert Palaeo-Indian Site [23] 1974 Debert
45°24′59″N63°25′24″W / 45.41639°N 63.42333°W / 45.41639; -63.42333 (Debert Palaeo-Indian Site)
The oldest archaeological site in Nova Scotia, and one of the most important Paleo-Indian sites in the province, with artifacts dating from 10,600 to 13,000 years ago
de Gannes-Cosby House
[24]
1708 (built)June 20, 2019 Annapolis Royal
44°44′28″N65°30′45″W / 44.741094°N 65.512396°W / 44.741094; -65.512396
Rare surviving building from pre-Acadian expulsion era; used under French and British colonial regimes by officers
Fernwood [25] 1860 (c.) (completed)1990 Halifax
44°37′37″N63°34′55″W / 44.62694°N 63.58194°W / 44.62694; -63.58194 (Fernwood)
A house on a large landscaped property; a noted example of a Gothic Revival villa in Canada Fernwood Halifax.jpg
Former Shubenacadie Indian Residential School [26] 1930 to 1967September 1, 2020 Shubenacadie
45°05′49″N63°24′25″W / 45.096934°N 63.406806°W / 45.096934; -63.406806
Site of the only residential school in the Maritimes, where the federal government, churches and religious organizations worked to assimilate Native American children
Fort Anne Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [27] 1629 (established)1920 Annapolis Royal
44°44′28.47″N65°31′6.72″W / 44.7412417°N 65.5185333°W / 44.7412417; -65.5185333 (Fort Anne)
The remains of a fort that played an important role in early European colonization, settlement and government in Acadia and Nova Scotia, and in the struggle between Britain and France for the area FortAnne ViewOfBasin 2009.jpg
Fort Edward Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [28] 1750 (established)1920 Windsor
44°59′43.43″N64°7′57.69″W / 44.9953972°N 64.1326917°W / 44.9953972; -64.1326917 (Fort Edward)
A fort that played an important role in the Seven Years' War, the expulsion of the Acadians, and the defence of Canada during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812; today comprises a wooden blockhouse and remnants of buildings and landscape features from the 18th-century fortifications. FortEdwardWindsorNovaScotiaCanada.JPG
Fort Lawrence Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [29] 1750 (established)1923 Fort Lawrence
45°50′52″N64°15′42″W / 45.84778°N 64.26167°W / 45.84778; -64.26167 (Fort Lawrence)
The archaeological remains of a fort erected in 1750 by the British to defend the Isthmus of Chignecto and abandoned in 1755 after the capture of Fort Beauséjour FortLawrencePlaque.jpg
Fort McNab Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [30] 1892 (completed)1965 Halifax
44°36′0″N63°31′0″W / 44.60000°N 63.51667°W / 44.60000; -63.51667 (Fort McNab)
The remnants of defensive works constructed to defend Halifax when it was one of the principal naval stations of the British Empire; reflective of significant changes in defence technology in the late 19th century McNabs2005 052.jpg
Fort St. Louis [31] 1623 (established)1931 Port La Tour
43°29′42″N65°28′13″W / 43.49500°N 65.47028°W / 43.49500; -65.47028 (Fort St. Louis)
During the Scottish occupation of Port Royal from 1629 to 1632, this fort was France's only foothold in Acadia
Fort Sainte Marie de Grace Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [32] 1632 (established)1924 LaHave, Nova Scotia
44°17′17.93″N64°21′4.86″W / 44.2883139°N 64.3513500°W / 44.2883139; -64.3513500 (Fort Sainte Marie de Grace)
The site where Isaac de Razilly built a fort, a settlement and the capital of the colony of Acadia after the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye returned the colony to France in 1632
Fortress of Louisbourg Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [33] 1713 (establishment)1920 Louisbourg
45°53′32.58″N59°59′10.36″W / 45.8923833°N 59.9862111°W / 45.8923833; -59.9862111 (Fortress of Louisbourg)
The largest reconstructed 18th-century French fortified town in North America; the fortress played a key role in the struggle between the French and British empires between 1713 and 1768 Louisbourg02.jpg
Georges Island Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [34] 1749 (first defence works)1965 Halifax
44°38′27″N63°33′35″W / 44.64083°N 63.55972°W / 44.64083; -63.55972 (Georges Island)
An island located in the middle of one of the finest natural harbours in the world; played a key role in the "Halifax Defence Complex" and protected one of the British Empire's principal naval stations during the 18th and 19th centuries Georges island.jpg
Government House [35] 1805 (completed)1982 Halifax
44°38′36″N63°34′17″W / 44.64333°N 63.57139°W / 44.64333; -63.57139 (Government House)
Government House has served as an official residence for more than 175 years and is one of the oldest official residences in Canada Government House (Nova Scotia).jpg
Grand-Pré Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [36] 1682 (first settlement of Acadians)1982 Grand-Pré
45°6′34″N64°18′37″W / 45.10944°N 64.31028°W / 45.10944; -64.31028 (Grand-Pré)
A centre of Acadian settlement and culture from 1682 until 1775; the site served as the British headquarters for the 1755–1763 deportation of the Acadians from Nova Scotia Grand Pre 4.jpg
Grand-Pré Rural Historic District [37] 1682 (first settlement of Acadians)1995 Kings County
45°6′40″N64°18′11″W / 45.11111°N 64.30306°W / 45.11111; -64.30306 (Grand-Pré Rural Historic District)
A rural cultural landscape surrounding the villages of Grand-Pré and Hortonville featuring one of the oldest land occupation and use patterns of European origin in Canada; representative of the adaptation of the first Acadian settlers to the conditions of North America
Granville Block [38] 1860-1904 (completion dates)2007 Halifax
44°38′59″N63°34′28″W / 44.64972°N 63.57444°W / 44.64972; -63.57444 (Granville Block)
A complex of 19 buildings, primarily four to five storeys in height, constructed in the years after a large fire in 1859; the rehabilitation of this block in the 1970s was an early success of the heritage preservation movement, and the block now accommodates NSCAD University NSCAD Halifax street.jpg
Grassy Island Fort Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [39] 1720 (first small redoubt built by the British)1962 Canso
45°20′14.4″N60°58′23.09″W / 45.337333°N 60.9730806°W / 45.337333; -60.9730806 (Grassy Island Fort)
The remains of early 18th-century British fortifications (a 1720 redoubt, 1723-24 fort, and a 1745 blockhouse); part of the larger Canso Islands NHS Grassy Island.jpg
Halifax Citadel Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [40] 1749 (established), 1828 (present fort commenced)1935 Halifax
44°38′50.63″N63°34′48.87″W / 44.6473972°N 63.5802417°W / 44.6473972; -63.5802417 (Halifax Citadel)
A stone fortress built to defend what was one of the British Empire's four principal naval stations during the 18th and 19th centuries; a key element of the unique complex of shore defences in Halifax Halifax Town Clock.jpg
Halifax City Hall [41] 1890 (completed)1984 Halifax
44°38′56″N63°34′31″W / 44.64889°N 63.57528°W / 44.64889; -63.57528 (Halifax City Hall)
A three-storey municipal building with a seven-storey clock tower, prominently located on the Grand Parade; symbolic of the city halls built in the 19th century in medium-sized Canadian cities Halifax - NS - Rathaus Halifax.jpg
Halifax Court House [42] 1860 (completed)1969 Halifax
44°38′37″N63°34′25″W / 44.64361°N 63.57361°W / 44.64361; -63.57361 (Halifax Court House)
An imposing sandstone court house built in the neoclassical style with Italianate detailing; representative of the judicial system of Nova Scotia Halifax Court House.JPG
Halifax Drill Hall [43] 1899 (completed)1989 Halifax
44°39′6″N63°35′13″W / 44.65167°N 63.58694°W / 44.65167; -63.58694 (Halifax Armoury)
Richardsonian Romanesque drill hall designed by Thomas Fuller; representative of the second evolutionary stage in drill hall construction in Canada (1872–1895) IMG 0471 HalifaxArmoury1.JPG
Halifax Dockyard [44] 1758 (established)1923 Halifax
44°39′31″N63°35′1″W / 44.65861°N 63.58361°W / 44.65861; -63.58361 (Halifax Dockyard)
Created in 1758 under the supervision of Captain James Cook, it was the earliest Royal Navy dockyard in North America; still in use by the Royal Canadian Navy 426 - Halifax NS.JPG
Halifax Public Gardens [45] 1874 (established)1983 Halifax
44°38′34″N63°34′56″W / 44.64278°N 63.58222°W / 44.64278; -63.58222 (Halifax Public Gardens)
A rare surviving example of a Victorian public garden in Canada; it continues to serve as a public park, with the original landscape design and planting traditions remaining essentially intact Pubgardens.jpg
Halifax Waterfront Buildings [46] 1815 to 1905 (constructed)1963 Halifax
44°39′1″N63°34′23″W / 44.65028°N 63.57306°W / 44.65028; -63.57306 (Halifax Waterfront Buildings)
A group of restored stone and wooden warehouses on the waterfront and adaptively reused for offices, shops and restaurants; the most significant pre-Confederation complex of maritime commercial buildings in Canada
Halifax WWII Coastal Defences [47] 1939-45 (period of service)1994 Halifax
44°35′45″N63°33′4″W / 44.59583°N 63.55111°W / 44.59583; -63.55111 (Halifax WWII Coastal Defences)
Halifax was Canada's most heavily defended port during the Second World War and served as the main Allied convoy assembly point during the Battle of the Atlantic Halifax memorial.jpg
Henry House [48] 1834 (completed)1969 Halifax
44°38′25″N63°34′15″W / 44.64028°N 63.57083°W / 44.64028; -63.57083 (Henry House)
A two-and-a-half-storey stone house representative of the style of residences built for the elite in early 19th-century British North America; the home of William Alexander Henry, a Father of Confederation and justice of the Supreme Court of Canada Henry House Halifax circa 1879.jpg
HMCS Sackville [49] 1941 (entered service)1988 Halifax
44°38′51″N63°34′9″W / 44.64750°N 63.56917°W / 44.64750; -63.56917 (HMCS Sackville)
One of the last Flower-class corvettes known to exist, a class of ship which played a key role in the Battle of the Atlantic HMCSSackville06.jpg
Hydrostone District [50] 1917 (established)1993 Halifax
44°39′48″N63°36′5″W / 44.66333°N 63.60139°W / 44.66333; -63.60139 (Hydrostone District)
An excellent example of an English-style garden suburb in Canada; the country's first public housing project, planned by Thomas Adams and designed by Ross and Macdonald HydrostoneShops.jpg
Jonathan McCully House [51] 1857 (completed)1975 Halifax
44°39′26″N63°35′16″W / 44.65722°N 63.58778°W / 44.65722; -63.58778 (Jonathan McCully House)
Italianate house which served as the residence of Jonathan McCully, a Father of Confederation, between 1863 and 1877
Kejimkujik Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [52] 1994 Kejimkujik National Park
44°22′46.42″N65°18′24.67″W / 44.3795611°N 65.3068528°W / 44.3795611; -65.3068528 (Kejimkujik)
Coincident with the entire area of Kejimkujik National Park (except the seaside unit), this is a cultural landscape 404 square kilometres (156 sq mi) in size, in which petroglyph sites, habitation sites, fishing and hunting sites, travel routes and burial grounds attest to Mi’kmaq occupancy of this area for thousands of years
King's College [53] 1789 (established)1923 Windsor
44°58′58″N64°8′9″W / 44.98278°N 64.13583°W / 44.98278; -64.13583 (King's College)
The first university to be established in the Dominions of the British Empire; the original site of the oldest university in what was to become Canada (campus now located in Halifax) KingsEdgeLibrary.png
Knaut-Rhuland House [54] 1793 (completed)2002 Lunenburg
44°22′36.49″N64°18′32.97″W / 44.3768028°N 64.3091583°W / 44.3768028; -64.3091583 (Knaut-Rhuland House)
A clapboard wood-frame house with neoclassical detailing; an early example of British classicism in Canada, a style which flourished in the country in the years that followed Knaut-Rhuland House National Historic Site of Canada 2.JPG
Ladies' Seminary [55] 1878 (completed)1997 Wolfville
45°5′20″N64°21′57″W / 45.08889°N 64.36583°W / 45.08889; -64.36583 (Ladies' Seminary)
A Second Empire style-building located on the Acadia University campus; constructed in 1878 as a home for women attending the university, it is Canada's oldest facility associated with the higher education of women
Little Dutch (Deutsch) Church [56] 1752 (land set aside for German community)1997 Halifax
44°39′21″N63°35′8″W / 44.65583°N 63.58556°W / 44.65583; -63.58556 (Little Dutch (Deutsch) Church)
A small wooden church surrounded by an 18th-century burying ground and a stone wall; the oldest known surviving church in Canada associated with the German Canadian community Little Ducth Church.jpg
Liverpool Town Hall [57] 1902 (completed)1984 Queens
44°2′20″N64°42′55″W / 44.03889°N 64.71528°W / 44.03889; -64.71528 (Liverpool Town Hall)
A former town hall now serving as a museum and theatre; its restrained classical detailing and wooden construction are rare for town halls of this scale constructed in the 20th century in Canada OldTownHall.jpg
Lunenburg Academy [58] 1895 (completed)1983 Lunenburg
44°22′48″N64°18′50″W / 44.38000°N 64.31389°W / 44.38000; -64.31389 (Lunenburg Academy)
A highly visible Second Empire style-building located atop Gallows Hill; a rare surviving academy building, representative of a significant evolution in Nova Scotia's education system in the 19th century when publicly funded county academies were introduced to provide high-quality secondary education Lunenburg - NS - Lunenburg Academy edit.jpg
Marconi National Historic Site Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [59] 1902 (first transatlantic radio transmission)1939 Glace Bay
46°12′42″N59°57′8″W / 46.21167°N 59.95222°W / 46.21167; -59.95222 (Marconi National Historic Site of Canada)
The isolated site where Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic radio telegraph message; comprises the remains of two telegraph towers that once supported Marconi's antennae and the foundation walls of his receiving room and powerhouse
Marconi Wireless Station [60] 1905 (established)1983 Cape Breton Regional Municipality
46°9′17″N59°56′44″W / 46.15472°N 59.94556°W / 46.15472; -59.94556 (Marconi Wireless Station)
A 350-hectare (860-acre) site containing the foundations of aerial towers and three abandoned buildings; location of the wireless station which, along with a sister station in Ireland, was the first to provide regular public intercontinental radio service commencing in 1908 MarconiTowers.jpg
Melanson Settlement Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [61] 1664 (established)1987 Lower Granville
44°42′41″N65°36′40″W / 44.71139°N 65.61111°W / 44.71139; -65.61111 (Melanson Settlement)
The remains (a dyked terrace and subsurface archaeological resources) of a pre-expulsion Acadian village in the salt marshes of the Annapolis River; representative of Acadian settlements and their unique form of agriculture along the Dauphin (now Annapolis) River
Melville Island and Deadman's Island [62] 1790s-1856
and 1909-1939
2016 Halifax
44°38′06″N63°36′50″W / 44.635°N 63.614°W / 44.635; -63.614 (Melville Island)
POW and military prison, medical facility, quarantine and immigration station
Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Sydney) [63] 1998 Sydney
46°14′32″N60°3′41″W / 46.24222°N 60.06139°W / 46.24222; -60.06139 (Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Sydney))
Surviving clusters of in situ resources associated with the fields and the coal industry
Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Stellarton) [64] 1998 Stellarton
45°34′5″N62°39′27″W / 45.56806°N 62.65750°W / 45.56806; -62.65750 (Nova Scotia Coal Fields (Stellarton))
Surviving clusters of in situ resources associated with the fields and the coal industry
Old Barrington Meeting House [65] 1765 (completed)1966 Barrington Head
43°34′0″N65°34′47″W / 43.56667°N 65.57972°W / 43.56667; -65.57972 (Old Barrington Meeting House)
Wood frame building erected by settlers from New England; one of the oldest surviving buildings in English-speaking Canada, and a good example of a New England-style colonial meeting house
Old Burying Ground [66] 1749 (establishment)1991 Halifax
44°38′36.24″N63°34′22.08″W / 44.6434000°N 63.5728000°W / 44.6434000; -63.5728000 (Old Burying Ground)
A 0.91-hectare (2.2-acre) early graveyard surrounded by a stone wall and decorative iron fence; a unique concentration of gravestone art, symbolizing the cultural traditions of early British North America Crimean War Monument Halifax Canada.jpg
Old Town Lunenburg Historic District [67] 1753 (established)1991 Lunenburg
44°22′40″N64°18′35″W / 44.37778°N 64.30972°W / 44.37778; -64.30972 (Old Town Lunenburg Historic District)
The core area of the town and a well-preserved example of 18th-century colonization and settlement patterns; a World Heritage Site, and one of the earliest and most intact British model plans in Canada
Pictou Academy [68] 1818 (established)1937 Pictou
45°40′36″N62°42′54″W / 45.67667°N 62.71500°W / 45.67667; -62.71500 (Pictou Academy)
The original site of the Pictou Academy, today marked by a cairn; founded by Thomas McCulloch, the Academy introduced nonsectarian education to the Maritimes
Pictou Railway Station (Intercolonial) [69] 1904 (completed)1976 Pictou
45°40′33″N62°42′21″W / 45.67583°N 62.70583°W / 45.67583; -62.70583 (Pictou Railway Station (Intercolonial))
An eclectic former passenger terminal with Châteauesque, Elizabethan and Palladian elements; representative of the Intercolonial Railway, a line which forged a link between the Maritimes and Central Canada PictouStation.jpg
Pier 21 [70] 1928 (completed), 1944 (rebuilt)1997 Halifax
44°38′18.04″N63°33′54.72″W / 44.6383444°N 63.5652000°W / 44.6383444; -63.5652000 (Pier 21)
An ocean passenger terminal which witnessed the massive stream of post Second World War immigration to Canada from Europe, including the arrival of war brides; the last intact example of its type, and the embodiment of early 20th-century Canadian immigration Pier 21 2010 1.JPG
Port-Royal Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [71] 1605 (established), 1939 (reconstruction)1923 Port Royal
44°42′41″N65°36′34″W / 44.71146°N 65.60947°W / 44.71146; -65.60947 (Port-Royal)
A historic reconstruction of an early 17th-century French fort; symbolic of the legacy of the local Acadian and Mi'kmaq peoples in 1605-1613, and a milestone in the 20th-century Canadian heritage movement Port Royal Nova Scotia 3.jpg
Prince of Wales Tower Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [72] 1799 (completed)1943 Halifax
44°37′17.6″N63°34′11.09″W / 44.621556°N 63.5697472°W / 44.621556; -63.5697472 (Prince of Wales Tower)
A large martello tower which played a significant role in the development of Halifax as one of the four principal naval stations of the British Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries Prince of Wales Tower.jpg
Province House [73] 1819 (completed)1993 Halifax
44°38′52.81″N63°34′24.71″W / 44.6480028°N 63.5735306°W / 44.6480028; -63.5735306 (Province House)
The longest serving legislative building in Canada and one of the best examples of Palladian architecture in the country; the birthplace of responsible government and freedom of the press in Canada Province House (Nova Scotia).jpg
Royal Battery Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [74] 1728 (completed)1952 Louisbourg
45°54′33.67″N59°58′49.73″W / 45.9093528°N 59.9804806°W / 45.9093528; -59.9804806 (Royal Battery)
An archaeological site where the outline of the battery’s ditch, glacis and tower mounds are still evident; built by the French as part of the defences of Louisbourg harbour, the battery played a significant role in the 1745 and 1758 sieges of Louisbourg
S.S. Acadia [75] 1913 (launched)1976 Halifax
44°38′53″N63°34′12″W / 44.64806°N 63.57000°W / 44.64806; -63.57000 (S.S. Acadia)
A steel, purpose-built hydrographic vessel launched in 1913 and now berthed at a Halifax wharf; a pioneering oceanography research ship which took a lead role in charting Hudson Bay CSS Acadia, Halifax Harbour.jpg
Sainte-Anne / Port Dauphin [76] 1629 (established)1929 Englishtown
46°16′53″N60°32′38″W / 46.28139°N 60.54389°W / 46.28139; -60.54389 (Sainte-Anne / Port Dauphin)
Founded by Captain Charles Daniel as a Jesuit mission and later a naval base, its importance declined with the choice of Louisbourg as the capital in 1719
Sinclair Inn / Farmer's Hotel [77] 1710 (earliest elements)1983 Annapolis Royal
44°44′41″N65°31′10″W / 44.74472°N 65.51944°W / 44.74472; -65.51944 (Sinclair Inn / Farmer's Hotel)
A wooden former hotel which evolved with the amalgamation of at least two buildings, one dating from the Acadian era; the building stands as a composite of three centuries of materials, construction techniques and architectural styles
Sir Frederick Borden Residence [78] 1864 (completed), 1902 (renovated in Queen Anne style)1990 Canning
44°44′41″N65°31′10″W / 44.74472°N 65.51944°W / 44.74472; -65.51944 (Sir Frederick Borden Residence)
Former home of Frederick William Borden, located in a park-like setting; a good example of Queen Anne style architecture in domestic buildings
Springhill Coal Mining [79] 1873 (commencement of coal mining)1998 Springhill
45°38′41″N64°3′55″W / 45.64472°N 64.06528°W / 45.64472; -64.06528 (Springhill Coal Mining)
A former coalfield with surface and underground mining features that are unique to Nova Scotia; at one time one of Canada's most commercially important coalfields Springhill Mine 1.jpg
St. George's Anglican Church / Round Church [80] 1812 (completed)1983 Halifax
44°39′12.55″N63°34′58.79″W / 44.6534861°N 63.5829972°W / 44.6534861; -63.5829972 (St. George's Anglican Church / Round Church)
A cylindrical wooden church associated with the early history of Halifax; an excellent example of Palladian architecture in Canada St. George's Church (Halifax).jpg
St. John's Anglican Church [81] 1763 (completed)1994 Lunenburg
44°22′41″N64°18′41″W / 44.37806°N 64.31139°W / 44.37806; -64.31139 (St. John's Anglican Church)
A Carpenter Gothic church in the heart of Lunenburg; played an important role in the establishment of British authority and of the Church of England in 18th-century Nova Scotia St. John's Anglican Church, Lunenburg.jpg
St. Mary's Basilica [82] 1820 (established)1997 Halifax
44°38′40.07″N63°34′24.07″W / 44.6444639°N 63.5733528°W / 44.6444639; -63.5733528 (St. Mary's Basilica)
A large Gothic Revival church associated with individuals and events which played a central role in the emancipation of Roman Catholics in Nova Scotia and in Canada St Marys, Halifax.JPG
St. Paul's Anglican Church [83] 1750 (completed)1981 Halifax
44°38′51″N63°34′29″W / 44.64750°N 63.57472°W / 44.64750; -63.57472 (St. Paul's Anglican Church)
A small wooden church with a gable roof and central steeple; the first building erected in Canada in the Palladian style, and the first church outside Great Britain to be designated an Anglican cathedral Halifax - NS - St. Paul's Church.jpg
St. Peter's Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [84] 1630 (established)1929 St. Peter's
45°39′18″N60°52′10″W / 45.65500°N 60.86944°W / 45.65500; -60.86944 (St. Peter's)
An archaeological site with resources related to 17th- and 18th-century Mi’kmaq and Acadian communities; the site of Fort Saint-Pierre, a 17th-century fortified trading post, and Port-Toulouse, a French community established in 1713
St. Peters Canal Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [85] 1869 (completed)1929 St. Peter's
45°39′12.27″N60°52′9.56″W / 45.6534083°N 60.8693222°W / 45.6534083; -60.8693222 (St. Peters Canal)
A canal that connects Bras d'Or Lake with St. Peter's Bay on the Atlantic Ocean; a cultural landscape associated with the construction and operation of the canal StPetersCanal Long.jpg
Sydney WWII Coastal Defences [86] 1939-451994 Sydney
46°14′39″N60°12′41″W / 46.24417°N 60.21139°W / 46.24417; -60.21139 (Sydney WWII Coastal Defences)
As a safe port protected by seven coastal gun batteries during the Second World War, Sydney played an important role in the efforts of the RCN and the RCAF to keep open the vital North Atlantic supply routes
Thinkers' Lodge [87] 1957 (conference)2008 Pugwash
45°51′13″N63°39′57″W / 45.85361°N 63.66583°W / 45.85361; -63.66583 (Thinkers' Lodge)
The birthplace at the height of the Cold War of the Pugwash movement, a transnational organization for nuclear disarmament and world peace Thinkers' Lodge Today.jpg
Trinity Anglican Church [88] 1878 (completed)1990 Digby
44°37′13″N65°45′26″W / 44.62028°N 65.75722°W / 44.62028; -65.75722 (Trinity Anglican Church)
A good example of the work of architect Stephen C. Earle and of a church in Canada built in the American Ecclesiological Gothic Revival tradition Trinity Anglican Church (Digby, Nova Scotia) 05.jpg
Truro Old Normal College [89] 1877 (completed)2018 Truro
45°21′50″N63°16′43″W / 45.364010°N 63.278690°W / 45.364010; -63.278690 (Truro Old Normal College)
Aside from being an excellent example of Second Empire architecture, Truro Old Normal College, built in 1877, is a testament to the movement to standardize and improve teacher training in the second half of the 19th century, and is associated with the development of Nova Scotia's public education system.
Truro Post Office [90] 1886 (completed)1983 Truro
45°21′55″N63°16′50″W / 45.36528°N 63.28056°W / 45.36528; -63.28056 (Truro Post Office)
A good example of the post offices erected by the federal Department of Public Works in smaller urban centres throughout the country during Thomas Fuller’s term as Dominion Chief Architect
Wolfe's Landing Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [91] 1758 (landing)1929 Cape Breton Regional Municipality
45°52′45″N60°3′18″W / 45.87917°N 60.05500°W / 45.87917; -60.05500 (Wolfe's Landing)
During the Seven Years' War, the site where British forces in James Wolfe's brigade launched their successful attack on the French forces at the Fortress of Louisbourg
York Redoubt Beaver 1 (PSF)(retouched)(transparent).png [92] 1793 (established)1962 Halifax
44°35′48″N63°33′09″W / 44.596583°N 63.552439°W / 44.596583; -63.552439 (York Redoubt)
Major seaward defences of Halifax Harbour from the American Revolutionary War until the Second World War; illustrates the historical evolution of the Halifax Harbour defence system York redoubt recon.jpg

See also

Related Research Articles

National Historic Sites of Canada Heritage registers in Canada

National Historic Sites of Canada are places that have been designated by the federal Minister of the Environment on the advice of the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada (HSMBC), as being of national historic significance. Parks Canada, a federal agency, manages the National Historic Sites program. As of July 2021, there were 999 National Historic Sites, 172 of which are administered by Parks Canada; the remainder are administered or owned by other levels of government or private entities. The sites are located across all ten provinces and three territories, with two sites located in France.

Fort Anne

Fort Anne is a four-bastion fort built to protect the harbour of Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. The fort repelled all French attacks during the early stages of King George's War.

St. Peters, Nova Scotia Village in Nova Scotia, Canada

St. Peter's is a small incorporated village located on Cape Breton Island in Richmond County, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Grand-Pré National Historic Site

Grand-Pré National Historic Site is a park set aside to commemorate the Grand-Pré area of Nova Scotia as a centre of Acadian settlement from 1682 to 1755, and the British deportation of the Acadians that happened during the French and Indian War. The original village of Grand Pré extended four kilometres along the ridge between present-day Wolfville and Hortonville. Grand-Pré is listed as a World Heritage Site and is the main component of two National Historic Sites of Canada.

Fort Edward (Nova Scotia)

Fort Edward is a National Historic Site of Canada in Windsor, Nova Scotia, and was built during Father Le Loutre's War (1749-1755). The British built the fort to help prevent the Acadian Exodus from the region. The Fort is most famous for the role it played both in the Expulsion of the Acadians (1755) and in protecting Halifax, Nova Scotia from a land assault in the American Revolution. While much of Fort Edward has been destroyed, including the officers' quarters and barracks, the blockhouse that remains is the oldest extant in North America. A cairn was later added to the site.

Canadian Register of Historic Places Federal list of historic sites of Canada

The Canadian Register of Historic Places, also known as Canada's Historic Places, is an online directory of historic sites in Canada which have been formally recognized for their heritage value by a federal, provincial, territorial or municipal authority.

Victoria Beach is a small community in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, in Annapolis County. It is on the shore of Digby Gut, a narrow channel connecting the Bay of Fundy with the Annapolis Basin.

Meductic Indian Village / Fort Meductic Ancient Maliseet settlement

Meductic Indian Village / Fort Meductic was a Maliseet settlement until the mid-eighteenth century. It was located near the confluence of the Eel River and Saint John River in New Brunswick, four miles upriver from present-day Meductic, New Brunswick. The fortified village of Meductic was the principal settlement of the Maliseet First Nation from before the 17th century until the middle of the 18th, and it was an important fur trading centre..

Low Point Lighthouse Lighthouse

Low Point Lighthouse is an historic Canadian lighthouse marking the eastern entrance to Sydney Harbour at New Victoria, Nova Scotia, near New Waterford, Nova Scotia. This is one of the earliest and most important light stations of Nova Scotia, one of the first dozen beacons in Nova Scotia to be lit to guide mariners, a classic red-and-white lighthouse still operated by the Canadian Coast Guard.

References

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